在句子中起宾语作用的从句叫做宾语从句 .宾语从句分为三类 :动词的宾语从句,介词的宾语 从句和形容词的宾语从句. 时态： 1.主句用一般现在时，从句可用任意时态。 2.主句用过去时，从句用过去某个时态。 3.主句用过去时，从句是真理时，只用一般现在时。 一、宾语从句的连接词 从属连
词 连接宾语从句的从属连词主要有 that,if,whether. that 引导表示陈述句的宾语从句,而 if 和 whether 引导表示“是否”的宾语从句. He told me that he would go to the college the next year 他告诉我他下一年上大学. I don’t know if there will be a bus any more. 我不知道是否还会有公交车. Nobody knew whether he could pass the exam. 没人知道他是否会通过考试. 连接代词 连 接 代 词 主 要 有 who, whom ,whose ,what ,whoever ,whomever ,whosever, whatever, whichever 等. 连接代词一般指疑问,但 what, whatever 除了指疑问外,也可以指陈述. Do you know who has won Red Alert game? 你知道谁赢了这一局红警游戏吗? I don’t know whom you should depend on. 我不知道你该依靠谁. The book will show you what the best CEOs know. 这本书会告诉你最好的执行总裁该了解些什么. Have you determined whichever you should buy,a Motorola or Nokia cell phone? 你决定好是买诺基亚还是摩托罗拉的电话了吗? 连接副词 连接副词主要有 when,where,why,how,whenever,wherever,however 等. He didn’t tell me when we should meet again. 他没有告诉我什么时候我们能再见面. Could you please tell me how you read the new panel? 你能告诉我怎么用这个新的操作盘吗? None of us knows where these new parts can be bought. 没有人知道这些的新的零件能在哪里买到. 二、动词的宾语从句
大多数动词都可以带宾语从句 We all expect that they will win , for members of their team are stronger. 我们都预料他们会赢,因为他们的队员更强壮. He told us that they would help us though the whole work. 他告诉我们在整个工作中,他都会帮忙的. 部分“动词+副词”结构也可以带宾语从句 I have found out that all the tickets for the concert have been sold out. 我发现这场音乐会的所有票都卖光了. Can you work out how much we will spend during the trip? 你能计算出这次旅行我们将花费多少钱吗? 动词短语也可以带宾语从句 常见的这些词有: make sure 确保 make up one’s mind 下决心 keep in mind 牢记 Make sure that there are no mistakes in your papers before you turn them in. 在上交试卷前确保没有任何错误. 可运用形式宾语 it 代替的宾语从句 ①动词 find,feel,consider,make,believe 等后面有宾语补足语的时候,则需要用 it 做形式宾语 而将 that 宾语从句后置. I think it necessary that we take plenty of hot water every day . 我认为每天多喝开水是有必要的. I feel it a pity that I haven’t been to the get-together. 我没去聚会,感觉非常遗憾. I have made it a rule that I keep diaries. 我每天写日记成了习惯. We all find it important that we (should) make a quick decision about this mater. 我们都认为对这件事马上做出决定很重要. ②有些动词带宾语从句时寻要在宾语与从句前加 it 这类动词主要有:hate, take , owe, have, see to. I hate it when they with their mouths full of food. 我讨厌他们满嘴食物时说话. He will have it that our plan is really practical. 他会认为我们的计划确实可行. We take it that you will agree with us. 我们认为你会同意我们的. When you start the engine, you must see to it that car is in neutral. 开启发动机时, 一定要使汽车的离合器处于空挡位置. ③若宾语从句是 wh-类,则不可用 it 代替 We all consider what you said to be unbelievable. 我们都认为你所说的是不可信的. We discovered what we had learned to be valuable. 我们发现我们所学到的东西都是有用的. 三、介词的宾语从句
用 wh-类的介词宾语从句 We are talking about whether we admit students into our club. 我们正在讨论是否让学生加入我们的俱乐部. The new book is about how Shenzhou 6 manned spaceship was sent up into space. 这本新书是关于神州 6 号载人航天飞船是如何升如太空的. 用 that,if 引导的介词宾语从句 有时候 except,but,besides 三个介词后可见到 that 引导的宾语从句 I know nothing about my new neighbor except that he used to work with a company. 对于我的新邻居我只知道他曾在一家公司上班,其他一无所知. 四、形容词的宾语从句 常 用 来 引 导 宾 语 从 句 sure,certain,glad,please,happy,sorry,afraid,satisfied,surprised I am sure I will pass the exam. 我确信我会通过考试. I am sorry that I have troubled you so long. 很抱歉我这么长时间在打扰你. He is glad that Li Ming went to see him when he was ill. 他很高兴在他生病的时候李明能去看望他. 五、if,whether 在宾语从句中的区别 ① if 和 whether 在作“是否”解时,引导宾语从句常放在动词 know,ask,care,wonder,find out 等之后,介词后一般不用 if ② 少数动词,如:leave,put,discuss,doubt 后的宾语从句常用 whether. ③ whether 后可以加 or not,但是 if 不可以. ④ 在不定式前只能用 whether. （如：I can’t decide whether to stay. 我不能决定是否留下。 ） ⑤ 避免歧异时,我们常用 whether 而不用 if. 六、哪些宾语从句不可以省略引导词 that 当 that 作 learn,suggest,explain,agree,wonder,prove,mean,state,feel,hold 等动词的宾语时; 当宾语从句较长时; 当主语状语置于主句尾,宾语从句之前时; 当主语谓语动词(包括非谓语动词)与宾语从句之间有插入语时; 当一个动词带有两个或两个以上宾语从句时,此时第一个 that 可以省略,第二个 that 不可以 省略; 当宾语从句中的主语是 this,that 或 this,that 做主语的定语时; 当宾语从句是双宾语中的直接宾语时; 当宾语从句的主语是非谓语动词或主语从句时; 当主语中的谓语动词是固定词组时; 的 形 容 词 有 :
当宾语从句有 it 做其先行词时; 在直接引语中,转述分句把宾语从句隔开时. 七、宾语从句的否定转移 主句的谓语动词是 think,believe,imagine,suppose,consider,espect,fancy,guess 等,并且主句的 主语是第一人称而且为一般现在时,从句的否定词一般要转移到主句上来,其反义疑问句一般 与宾语从句一致. I don’t think he will come to my party.而不能说成 I think he won’t come to my party. 我认为他不会来我的舞会. I don’t believe that man is killed by Jim,is he? 我认为那个人不是 Jim 所杀的,是不是? 如果宾语从句中有某个含有否定意义的形容词或副词,其反义疑问句要用肯定形式. We find that he never listens to the teacher carefully,does he? 我们发现他从来不仔细听老师讲课,是不是? 八、宾语从句的时态和语序 当主句为现在时或将来时,宾语从句的时态一般不受主句的时态所影响. 当主句为过去时 ①从句用一般过去时或过去进行时表示与主句谓语动词动作同时发生 I only knew he was studying in a western country,but I didn’t know what country he was in. 我只知道他当时在西方的一个国家读书,可不知道是哪个国家. He asked me if I was reading the story The Old Man and the Sea when he was in. 他问我他进来的时候我是否正在读<<老人与海>>. ②从句过去完成时表示该动作发生在主句谓语动作之前 He told me that he had told Mary about the meeting already. 他告诉我他已经把有关会议的事情告诉的了 Mary. ③从句谓语用过去将来时表示该动作发生在主句谓语动作之后 The reporter asked if the government would take necessary measures to put down the to-do. 记者问政府是否会采取必要的措施镇压骚乱. 如果从句是一个客观真理,那么从句的时态不根据主句的时态而变化 The teacher said that the moon goes around the earth yesterday. 老师昨天说月亮绕着地球转. 当宾语从句的引导词是 who,which,what,when,where,how,why 等表疑问时,不能按正常语序 安排,经常将这类引导词置于句首 Who do you think the public might choose as their favorite singer this year? 你认为今年公众会选谁为他们最喜欢的歌手. [编辑本段]宾语从句（版本二） 学习宾语从句要抓住三要素：连接词、语序和时态。 1.连接词 连接词一般都是 that(指事务或人),which（指事）,who（指人）
1．从句为陈述句，常选择连接词 that 或将 that 省略，直接与主句相连。 2． 从句为一般疑问句， 常选择连接词 if 或 whether。 在 whether … or not 结构中不能用 if 替换。 3．从句为特殊疑问句，常选择 what,when,where,which,who,how 等的疑问代、副词作连接 词。 注意：当 who 为主语时，句式为：who+谓语+其他 2.判断时态情况： 1.主句是一般现在时，从句为各种时态情况。 2.主句是一般过去时， 从句为各种相应过去时态注意： 从句描绘客观事实， 用一般现在时。 eg: 1. The teacher told the children that the sun＿＿＿＿ round. A. was B. is C. were D. are 2. I believe that our team＿＿＿＿ the basketball match. A. win B. won C. will win D. wins 3. I don’t know＿＿＿＿ to visit the old man. A. whether B. if C. that D. who 4.The soldiers soon reached( )was once an old temple( )the villagers used as a school. A.which;where B.what;which C.where;which D.what;where 答：选 B，动词 reach 后接宾语从句，从句缺少宾语，where 不可，which 引导宾语从句时 表疑问含义“哪一个…”而此句中并非疑问含义，不知道哪一座庙宇，而是用 what 从句表陈 述含义， 意“过去的一座旧庙宇”； temple 后为对其修饰的定语从句， 用关系代词 which 代替， 并在从句中作动词 used 的宾语，use sth. as…“把…用作… [编辑本段]宾语从句（版本三） 宾语从句，在复合句中作宾语，位于及物动词后。 eg． Tell him which class you are in ． Do you know what he likes？ 注： (1)主、从句时态一致： 主句谓语过去时，从句相应过去时； He answered that he was listening to me. 主句谓语现在时，从句时态任所需； eg． He says (that) he will leave a message on my desk. They know (that) he is working hard. 具体过去永不变，真理格言现在时； eg．He told me that he was born in 1980. Father told me that practice makes perfect . （2）否定前移，及完成反意问句
在 think / believe / suppose / guess / imagine / expect 等动词后跟宾语从句否定式时，应转移 到主句上去，完成反意问句时，应与从句主、谓保持一致。 （注: 否定前移的条件是，主句 主语是第一人称） eg． I don't think you are right ,are you ? I don't believe they have finished their work yet,have they ? （3）运用虚拟语气的情况 在表示： 建议 suggest , advise 要求 demand 、desire、require、request、propose； 决定 decide; 命令 order、command; 坚决主张 insist; 等动词后跟宾语从句，用（should）+v． （虚拟语气） eg． I suggested that you（should）study hard． He ordered that we should go out at once． （4）宾语从句后置情况 如果宾语从句后有宾语补语，用 it 作形式宾语，把宾语从句后置 eg．You may think it strange that he would live there． （5）宾从中 that 不可省略的情况 宾语从句 that 常可省略，但在以下情况下不能省略 A．当主句谓语动词带有两个或两个以上宾语从句时，可以省略第一个 that，其他不能省 略。 eg．I believe（that）you have done your best and that things will get better． B．当 it 作形式宾语时 eg．She made it clear that she had nothing to do with him． C．当宾语从句前置时 eg．That our team will win，I believe． [编辑本段]宾语从句（版本四） 一、定义和宾从例句分析 宾语从句就是一个句子作动词或介词的宾语。 A 作动词的宾语: I heard the news. 主语 谓语动词 名词作宾语 I heard that he would come here later on. 主语 谓语动词 一个句子作宾语---宾语从句 B 作介词的宾语:
He said nothing about the plan. 主语 谓语动词 代词作动词的宾语 介词 名词作介词的宾语 He said nothing about who broke the window last night. 主语 谓语动词 代词作动词的宾语 介词 一个句子作介词的宾语 二、带有宾语从句的复合句的构成 带有宾语从句的复合句就是用连接词把一个主句和一个宾语从句连接在一起。连接词有： that(可省略)，what, who, when, where, why, which, if, whether, how. 1 He suggested (that) we should clean the corridor every day. 宾语 2 He told me (that) he would leave Dalian airport at 8pm. 间接宾语 直接宾语 3 He told me where he was going to travel that summer. 间接宾语 直接宾语 4 He wanted to know what the manager had said at the meeting. who hadn’t passed the exam. when she would leave this building. why she cried last night. where she was going to study. which student was his partner in the short play. if (whether) Tom could play basketball with him that morning. how she managed to solve the problem. why water flows from a high position to a lower position. 在例子 4 中， 当主句是过去时态时 （一般过去时， 过去进行时， 过去将来时， 过去完成时） ， 从句根据不同情况必须使用过去时态的一种， （大自然的现象和真理除外） 。 5 He is wanting to know what I can cook for dinner. who broke the window yesterday. when I can have a holiday. why I failed the exam yesterday. where I should have dinner with my friend tonight. which book is the best one. if (whether) I have passed the exam. how my cat escaped from the room last night. 在例子 5 中， 当主语是现在时态时 （一般现在时， 现在进行时， 一般将来时， 现在完成时） ， 从句可根据不同情况使用各种时态。 三、注意 A 宾语从句必须用陈述语序。 False: He is wondering when can he finish this difficult job. Right: He is wondering when he can finish this difficult job. B 有时候可以用 it 作形式宾语，而把真正的宾语从句放在后面。 Bad: I thought that he could finish this job in just two hours impossible.
Good: I thought it impossible that he could finish this job in just two hours. Bad: He left whether we should continue this project to my judgment. Good: He left it to my judgment whether we should continue this project. C 带有宾语从句的复合句的否定形式一般是否定主句。 Bad: I think he doesn’t like the English teacher. Good: I don’t think he likes the English teacher. D 主句一般过去时态，从句也要用过去时态；具体细节请看第一部分。 False: He wanted to know why he is crying in the corner. Right: He wanted to know why he was crying in the corner. unit7 topic2 1.Would you mind if...?/Would you mind +（形代）+Ving....? 回答:Of course not./No,not at all./Yes,youd'd better not. 2.①He runs less fast than me./He doesn't run fast as me. ②prefer ...to... like...better like...best ③Cars cost 100 times as much as bikes. I run 3 times as fast as you./I run 3 times faster then you.(倍数+比较级+...) ④越来越... The more you eat,the fatter you are. 越来越瘦 thinner and thinner 越来越漂亮 more and more beautiful ⑤He runs faster then me./He runs fastest of all /so then any other students
一、将下面的句子连接成为含有宾语从句的复合句。 1．These flowers are from Guangdong. He said. He said _______ these flowers _______ from Guangdong. 2. Light travels faster than sound. My teacher told me. My teacher told me _____ light _______ faster than sound. 3．There will be a meeting in five days. Jack didn’t know. Jack didn’t know _____ there _____ ____ a meeting in five days. 4．Can they speak French? I want to know. I want to know ______ _______ _______ _______ French. 5．Are the children playing games? Tell me. Tell me ______ the children ______ ______ games. 6．Have you finished your homework yet? Mr. Zhao asked Ma Gang. Mr. Zhao asked Ma Gang ____ _____ ____ ____ ___ homework yet. 7．How many people can you see in the picture? Who knows? Who knows ______ _____ _____ ____ _____ ______ in the picture? 8．Where did she park her car? Do you know? Do you know _____ _____ ____ her car?
9．What does he often talk about? The girl wondered. The girl wondered _____ _____ often ________ about. 10．Who knocked at the door so loudly? I don’t know. I don’ t know ____ _______ at the door so loudly. 11. Does he still live in that street? I don't know. I don't know ______ he still _______ in that street. 12. What's his name? I asked him. I asked him what _____ _____ _____. 13. When does the train arrive? Please tell me. Please tell me ________ _________ ________ _________. 14. Do they want fried chicken? He asked the boys. He asked the boys _______ they ______ fried chicken. 15. Was the watch made in Shanghai? I don't know. I don't know _______ the watch _______ made in Shanghai. 二、选择填空。 ( ) 1. What did Mike say? He said ____________________. A. if you are free the next week B. what colour was it C. the weather is fine D. summer comes after spring ( ) 2. Tom asked my friend ________________. A. where was he from B. that the earth is bigger than the moon C. when did he come back D. not to be so angry ( ) 3. Let me tell you __________________. A. how much is the car B. how much does the car cost C. how much did I pay for the car D. how much I spent on the car ( ) 4. Peter knew _______________. A. whether he has finished reading the book B. why the boy had so many questions C. there were 12 months in a year D. when they will leave for Paris ( )5. Could you tell me ___________? A. where do you live B. who you are waiting for C. who were you waiting for D. where you live in ( )6. I can't understand ______the boy alone. A. why she left B. why did she leave C. why she had left D. why had she left ( )7. She told me the sun ______ in the east. A. rise B. rose C. rises D. had risen ( )8.I don't know ________ up so early last Sunday. A. why did he get B.why he gets C.why does he get D. why he got ( )9. The manager came up to see __________. A. what was the matter B. what the matter was C. what the matter is D. what's the matter ( )10. He asked his father _______. A. where it happens B. where did it happen C. how it happened D. how did it happen
)11. No one tells us______, so we need your help. A. how we should do B. what should we do C. how to do it D. what to do it ( )12. Could you please teach me _______ the computer. A. how check B. to check C. how to check D. to how checking ( )13.They don't know _______their parents are. A that B what C why D which ( )14. ─Where do you think ______ he _____ the TV set? ─ Sorry, I've no idea. A./, bought B. has, bought C. did, buy D. did bought ( ) 15. Our homework has changed a lot. Who can tell _____ it would be like in _____ five years. A. how, another B. what, more C. how ,other D. what, another ( )16. ─ Could you tell me ______? ─ Yes. He ____ to the USA. A. where is he/ has been B. where he is/ has gone C. where was he/ has been D. where he was/ has gone ( )17. ─Mike wants to know if ____ a picnic tomorrow. ─Yes. But if it _______, we'll visit the museum instead. A. you have/ will rain B. you will have/ will rain C. you will have/ rains D. will you have/ rains ( )18. I really don't know if she _______ it when she ________. A. finds/ arrives B. finds/ will arrive C. will find/ will arrive D. will find/ arrives ( )19.Miss Liu said ______ she would leave the message on the headmaster”s desk. A. that B. where C. which D. what ( )20. He asked me _______. A. who will kick the first goal in the World Cup B. when was the APEC meeting held C. when China became a member of the WTO D. where the 2008 Olympics will be held ( )21. In the bookshop , a reader asked the shopkeeper ______ Who Moved My Cheese was an interesting book. A. that B. how C. what D. if ( )22. You must remember _______. A. what your teacher said B. what did your teacher say C. your teacher said what D. what has your teacher said ( )23. I don”t know ______ . A. which room I can live B. which room can I live C. which room I can live in D. which room can I live in ( )24.－－Do you know when he ______ back ? －－Sorry , I don”t . When he _______back , I”ll tell you . A. comes ; comes B. comes ; will come C. will come ; comes D. will come ; will come
)25 The girls asked if they ____ some food and drink with them. A. took B. take C. takes D. will take ( )26 Mary said that she ___ to Guangzhou. A. has never gone B. had never gone C. has never been D. had never been ( )27 The students want to know whether they___ a PE class today. A. had B. has C. will have D. are ( )28. Can you tell me___ you were born, Betty? A. who B. what C. when D. that ( )29.I don't know ___ they have passed the exam. A. what B. if C. when D. where ( )30. Do you know _____ they listened to yesterday evening? A. what B when C why D how 三、用合适的连接词填空。 1. Jim told me ____ he didn't go fishing yesterday afternoon.（how, why） 2. Do you know ______ else is going to be on duty today？（who, whom） 3. She said _____ it wouldn't matter much.（that, if） 4. He always thinks ______ he can do better.（how, who） 5. I really don't know ________ the bridge will be finished.（how long, how soon） 6. They don't know _______ to go or wait. (if, whether) 7. We are talking about ______ we’ll go back tomorrow. (whether, if) 8. I was really surprised at ______ I saw. (where, what) 9. I don't know ____ so many people are looking at him. (how, why) 10. Do you know ______ you are studying for? (why, what) 四、句型转换。 1. “Do you want to try it?” Tom's mother asked him.(同义句)→ Tom's mother asked him _______ _______ ______ to try it. 2. I think this is a good idea.（改为否定句） → I _______ ________ this ________ a good idea. 3. Lucy hasn't decided which trousers to buy.（改为复合句） → Lucy hasn't decided ________ _________ ________ _______ buy. 4. I don't know how I can get to the hospital.（改为简单句） → I don't know ________ ________ ________ to the hospital. 5. I don’t suppose they will come, _______ ______ ? (改为反意疑问句) 五、用所给动词的正确形式填空。 1. We are sure that he ________ (go) to school tomorrow. 2. Do you know who ______ (be) the first man to walk on the moon? 3. Could you tell me where the post office ______ (is)? 4. Our father said that he _______ (will) buy a new computer. 5. I hear that he _______ (swim) in the sea yesterday. 6. The little boy tells us where his father _______ (work). 7. He said that he _________ (finish) his work already. 8. They thought they could _______ (hike) to the top of the mountain. 9. He was glad that so many people _____ (help) him.
10. She doesn’t know whether ________ (go) or wait. 1. These wild flowers are so special I would do _____ I can to save them. A. whatever B. that C. which D. whichever 2. A computer can only do_________ you have instructed it to do. A. how B. after C. what D. when 3. I read about it in some book or other, does it matter _______ it was? A．where B．what C．how D．which 4. —I think it’s going to be a big problem. —Yes, it could be. —I wonder we can do about it. A. if B. how C. what D. that 5. This depends on _________ the weather is fine. A. which B. whether C. if D. that 6. Could I speak to ____ is in charge of International Sales please? A. who B. what C whoever D. whatever 7. Parents are taught to understand ______ important education is to their children’s future. A. that B. how C. such D. so 8. The road is covered with snow. I can’t understand______ they insist on going by motor-bike. A why B whether C when D how 9. The other day, my brother drove his car down the street at _________ I thought was a dangerous speed. A. as B. which C. what D. that 10. It is generally considered unwise to give a child_______ he or she wants. A. however B. whatever C. whichever D. wherever 11. The shopkeeper did not want to sell for ______ he thought was not enough. A. where B. how C. what D. which 12. I was surprised by her words, which made me recognize ___ silly mistakes I had made. A. what B. that C. how D. which 13. The way he did it was different we were used to. A．in which B．in what C．from what D．from which 14. The poor young man is ready to accept ___________ help he can get. A．whichever B．however C．whatever D．whenever 15. Mary wrote an article on the team had failed to win the game. A．why B．what C．who D．that 16. Some people believe ___ is easier for small countries to become strong and rich than for large____. A. that; country B. it; one C. that; countries D. it; ones 17. I don’t know ________ Mr. Green will come to see us. He’ll help us with our English. A. why B. when C. how D. where 18. — Be careful! Don’t break the bottles. Do you hear ______ I said? David? — Yes, Mum A. what B. that C. why D. if
19. —Do you know _______ Mr. Black’s address is? —He may live at NO.18 or No. 19 of Bridge Street. I’m not sure of ______. A. where, which B. where, what C. what, which D. what, where 20. Are you interested in _____? A. how did he do it B. he did it how C. how he did it D. he how did it 21 The how-to book can be of help to ___ wants to do the job. A. who B. whomever C. no matter who D. whoever 22. I find _____ important that we practice English every day. A. it B. this C. that D. what 23.—What did you parents think about your decision? —They always let me do ________ I think I should. A. when B. that C. how D. what 24. Please remind me _________ he said he was going. I may be in time to see him off. A. where B. when C. how D. what 25. Mary wrote an article on _________ the team had failed to win the game. A．why B．what C．who D．that 26. Someone is ringing the doorbell Go and see________. A .who is he B. who he is C. who is it D. who it is 27. I want to know _______he can come here on time. A．who B. when C. where D. if 28. I’d like know _______you want best. A.that B.what C. which D. where 29. The teacher asked the new student ________ class he was in. A. which B. where C. if D. that 30.— Have you finished the book? ---No, I’ve read up to_________ the children discover the secret cave. A. which B. what C. that D. where 31.His mother insisted that he ___ the coat when going out. A.put on B.puts on C.to put on D.putting on 32. The doctor advised that Mr. Malan ____ an operation right away so as to save his life. A.had B.would have C.have D.was going to have 33. We should respect food and think about the people who don’t have we have here and treat food nicely. A. that B. which C. what D. whether 34. As a new graduate, he doesn’t know it takes to start a business here. A. how B. what C. When D. which 35．How much one enjoys himself travelling depends largely on he goes with，whether his friends or relatives A．what B．who C．how D．why 36. I want to be liked and loved for I am inside. A. who B. where C. what D. how
37. Before the sales start, I make a list of ______ my kids will need for the coming season. A. why B. what C. how D. which 3 1—5 ACDCB 参考答案： 一、 1.that, were 2.that, travels 3.that, would be 4.if/whether they can speak 5.if/whether, are playing 6.if/whether he had finished his 7. how many people you can see 8.where she parked 9.what he, talked 10.who knocked 11.if/whether, lives 12.his name was 14.if/whether, wanted 15.if/whether, was 二 、 1—5: DDDBB 6—10:ACDBC 11—15:CCBAD 16—20:BCDAC 21—25:DACCA 26—30:DCCBA 三、 1.why 2.who 3.that 4.how 5.how soon 6.whether 7.whether 8.what 9.why 10.what 四、 1.if/whether he wanted 2.don’t think, is 3.which trousers she can 4.how to get 5.will they 五、1.will go 2.was 3. is 4.would 5.swam 6.works 7.had finished 8.hike 9.helped 10.to go 6—10 CBACB 11—15 CACCA 16—20 DBACC 21—25 DADBA 26—30 DDBAD 31—35 ACCBB 36—37 CB