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英语:必修1


Unit 2 English around the world Period 3 Learning about language 主讲教师:禹朱荣美

Revision ( 3m )

Match: (Review the new words)

1.come up
2.culture 3.actually

A.

B. C. D.

evidence of intellectual development of (arts, science,etc.) in human society. reach;close to Being in the place in question;existing now. In actual fact;really

4.present

5.rule 6.usage 7.identity

E. for example F. govern;have authority (over). G. who sb is; what sth is H. way of using sth; treatment.

8.such as

Checking answer – I (1m)

Answer keys for Ex.1 on Page 11: 2G 3C 1B 4F 7D 5A 8H 6E

Checking answer – II (2m)

Answer keys for Ex.2 on Page11: It is not easy for a Chinese person to native English speak English as well as a _____________ speaker ________. This is actually _________ because the vocabulary ___________ and usage are different in different parts of the English speaking world. If you say ―flat" instead of apartment people in America will not ―_________", think you speak good English. If you use elevator instead of ―lift" in the word _________ Britain, they will look at you a little strangely! It seems you cannot win!

Checking answer – III (2m)

Answer keys for Ex. 3 on page 11: 1. Come up 2. At present 3. Because of 4. Such as 5. Make use of

Learning useful structure – I ( 2m )

Say the following sentences to three students:

S1: Open the window. S2: Pass on the book to your deskmate. S3: Will you please close the door. Then ask: What is the difference among the sentences I spoke to them just now? Help the students understand what is a command or a request.

Learning useful structure – II ( 2m )

Make clear the difference between commands and requests and finish the following exercises: 1. Go and collect the wood right now. (C) 2. Could you go and get the shopping bags, please? (R) 3. Shut the door at once. (C) 4. Go and get my coat. (C) 5. Would you please get that book for me? (R)

Learning useful structure – III ( 2m )

Find the rules:Ask the students to finish the following exercises, and try to find the rules.
―Make sure the door is open.‖ the teacher said to me. The teacher told me to make sure the door is open. ―Don’t play games in the classroom.‖ the monitor said to us. The monitor told us not to play games in the classroom. ―Will you please not smoke here?‖ she added. She asked me not to smoke here.

Learning useful structure – IV (10 m )

Rules and practice of direct and indirect speech
当直接引语为祈使句时, 转换为间接引语要用一个带动词 不定式的简单句表示:

祈使句
? ? 直引:主语+动词+―祈使句” 间引:主语+动词+to Verb

? ? ? ? ? ?

e.g. The teacher said to me, ―Come in .‖ —The teacher told me to go in 。 John said to me , ―Please shut the window。” —John asked me to shut the window。 The teacher said to me, ― Don’t be late again.‖ ---- The teacher advised me not to be late again.

特别提醒
– 1.祈使句变为间接引语,主要使用动词不 定式。 – 2.谓语动词要做一定变化。
? 表示命令,用tell,order,command等。 ? 表示请求,用ask,beg,request等。 ? 表示忠告,用 advise。

Direct speech

Indirect speech

Open the window.

Miss Hu told ** to open the window.

Will you please Miss Hu asked ** to open the window? open the window. Don’t open the window.
Miss Hu told ** not to open the window.

Try to do this:

“Write a letter to your parents.”
The teacher told me to write a letter ….

“Don’t play games in the classroom.”
The teacher ordered me not to play games ….

“Can you pass on the book to Tom?”
The teacher asked me to pass on …

“Will you please not smoke here?”
The teacher asked me not to smoke there.

“It is a fine day. Let’s go to the country for a picnic.” Peter said to me.
Peter said that it was a fine day and asked me to go to the country for a picnic with him. Peter told me that it was a fine day and let us go to the country for a picnic.

感叹句
直引:主语+动词+―感叹句” 间引:主语+动词+陈述句 ? e.g. He said, ― what a fine day it is !‖ ? He said , ― How fine the day is !‖ ? He said what a fine day it was . He said how fine the day was . He exclaimed that it was a fine day.

特别提醒
? 1. 间接感叹句的动词应该是cry 或exclaim 。 ? 2.可以仍用what,how 等词,语序不变,也可 以用that 从句,把动词say 改为cry,shout, exclaim 等。

Practice 1.He said to Tom, “Don’t do the work any more.” He told Tom not to do the work any more. 2.Mrs. Green said, “Please sing us a song, Miss White.” Mrs. Green asked Miss White to sing them a song. 3. “Be quiet, children.” said Mrs. Wilson. Mrs. Wilson told the children to be quiet. 4. All the people cried, “What magnificent clothes these are!” All the people cried what magnificent clothes these were.

典型例题:
1. We won’t give up _______ we should fail 10 times. A. even if B. since C. whether D. until 2. — I don’t have any change with me. Will you pay the fare for me? ---- ________ . A. That’s fine B. Nothing serious C. Never mind D. No problem 3. ---- Do you mind if I keep pets in this building? ---- _______ . A. I’d rather you didn’t, actually B. Of course not, it’s not allowed here C. Great! I love pets D. No, you can’t

? 4. The teacher asked us ____ so much noise. ? A. don’t make B. not make ? C. not making D. not to make ? 5. Visitors ____ not to touch the exhibits. ? A. will request B. request ? C. are requesting D. are requested

Assignment

? 1. Try to remember the rules of direct and indirect speech. ? 2. Finish the exercises on WB. ? 3. Prepare for the next class.


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