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人教版高中英语必修二Unit1知识点详解


必修 2Unit1 单元知识梳理和能力组合
知识盘点 重点词汇 1.survive 幸存, 经历…而活着 2.amaze 使惊讶 3.select 精选 4.design 设计 5.fancy 奇异 的 6.style 风格 7.remove 除去 8.doubt 怀疑 9.reception 接待 10.light 点燃 11.wonder 惊奇 12.evidenc

e 证据 13.trial 尝试;审判 14.explode 爆炸 15.sink 下沉 16.debate 辩论 短语 1. belong to 属于 2. in search of 搜寻 3. in return 作为回报 4. at war 交战 5.take apart 拆 开 6. think highly of 高度评价 7. be used to do 被用来做 8. rather than 而不是 9. more than 不仅仅 10. less than 少于 11. care about 在乎 12. add …to…增加 13. agree with 同意 14. see for oneself 亲自看 15.at that time 在那时 16.serve as 充当 17. by the light of 借 着…的光 18. be designed for 为…而设计 19.no doubt 无疑 20. the entrance to 通往…的 入口 句型 1. There is no doubt that?: 毫无疑问,… 2. It takes somebody some time to do something. 做某事花某人多长时间 3. This was a time when…在这个时期… 4. It can be proved that…可以证明,… 5. can’t have done something 不可能做过某事 能力拓展

Part 1. Warming up 1. Is it enough to have survived for a long time?只是存在的时间长就足够了吗? survive vi.幸免;生还;幸存 vt. 经历??而幸存;比??活的时间长 Of the six people injured in the crash, only two survived. 在这次撞车事故受伤的 6 个人中,只有 2 个人活了下来。 常用结构: survive sb. (by...)比??活得长 survive sth. 幸免于;从??中挺过来 survival n. [U]幸存; [C]残存物 survivor n.生还者,幸存者 【即学即练】 完成句子 ①她丈夫去世后她又活了 10 年。 She ______ her husband ten years. ②The old couple ______ ______ ______ (从战争中幸存下来). ③In the terrible accident, there were no ______ (幸存者). 答案:①survived;by ②survived the war ③survivors
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Part 2. Pre-reading, reading and comprehending 1. in search of the Amber Room in search of 寻找 I looked everywhere in search of my lost pen. 我四处寻找我丢失的钢笔。 【易混辨析】 search/search for/search...for/in search of search 表示“搜索;搜寻;调查” 。search sb.意为“搜某人身” ;search sp.意为“在 某地搜查” (意图找到某东西) 。 search for 意为“寻找” ,指搜寻某个特定的目标,相当于 look for。 search...for 意为“搜查某人或某地以寻找某物” 。 in search of 介词短语,意为“寻找” ,后接寻找的目标或对象。 【即学即练】 完成句子 ①警察搜索那栋房屋,寻找被偷的宝石。 The police ______ the house ______ the stolen jewel. ②他们在门口搜查了那个士兵。 They ______ the guard at the gate. ③警察到处搜捕他。最终他被抓住了,现在警察正在对他进行搜身。 The police ______ ______ him everywhere. He was caught at last and now the police are ______ him. ④显然有人搜过他的房子——那本书不见了。 His house had clearly been ______ and the book was missing. 答案:①searched; for ②searched ③searched for;searching④searched 单项填空 ⑤They were walking around the town ______ a place for the party. A. in search of B. search C. searching of D. searched for 解析:选 A。in search of 为介词短语,意为“寻找” ,符合句意。B、D 两项动词 形式不对;无 C 项 search of 此种搭配。 2.This gift was the Amber Room, which was given this name because several tons of amber were used to make it. 这件礼物就是琥珀屋,它之所以有这个名字,是因为 造这间房子用了好几吨的琥珀。 be used to do sth. 被用于做某事 Wood is used to make into desks. be/get used to (doing)sth. 习惯做某事 H e is used to getting up early. use to do sth. 过去常常做某事 I used to have a walk after supper, but now I'm used to playing basketball. 3. The design of the room was in the fancy style popular in those days.琥珀屋采取了 当时流行的奇特的建筑式样。 design n. 设计;图案;构思 vt. 设计;计划;构思 I like the design of that rug. 我喜欢那块地毯的图案。 A new highway between the two cities is being designed. 这两个城市之间的一条新 高速公路正在设计中。 常用结构:
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by design=on purpose 有意地,故意地 be designed to do... 目的是做??;被打算做?? be designed for... 为??而打算/设计 【即学即练】 ①你觉得他是偶尔如此,还是故意的? Do you think he did it accidenally or ______ ______ ? ②实验的目的是测试新药。 The experiment ______ ______ ______ test the new drug. ③这些房子是专门为老年人而设计的。 The houses are specially ______ ______ the old people. 答案:①by design/on purpose ②is designed to ③designed for 单项填空 ④I like the television programme ______ educate not merely entertain. A. designed to B. designed for C. is designed to D. is designed for 解析:选 A。be designed to do 为固定搭配,表示“目的是” 。designed to...在句中 为过去分词短语作后置定语,修饰名词 programme。B、D 两项中的 for 为介词, 后面需接 v.-ing 形式或名词,故排除。 4.fancy adj. 奇特的; 精致的; v. 想; 以为; 想像 1). That's a very fancy pair of shoes! 那是一双非常别致的鞋! 2). I fancy (that) it's going to rain today. 我看今天要下雨 [重点用法] fancy that…以为是…… fancy (sb’s) doing…想像(某人)做某事 fancy oneself 自负;自命不凡 fancy sb. to be / as 想象/认为某人会 成为…… I can’t fancy his doing such a thing. 我想不到他会做这种事。 He fancies himself as a good writer. 他认为自己是好作家。 5. However, the next King of Prussia,Frederick William Ⅰ, to whom the amber room belonged, decided not to keep it.然而,下一位普鲁士国王,腓特烈·威廉一 世,这个琥珀屋的主人却决定不要它了。 belong to 属于 Who does this watch belong to?这块表是谁的? 用法点拨:belong to 不用于进行时态和被动语态中。to 为介词,其后接代词,名词 类短语及从句,表示所归属的对象。 The book belongs on that shelf. 这本书应是放在那个架子上的。 【联想拓展】 belongings n.财产,所有物;动产 She lost all her belongings in the earthquake. 她在地震中失去了所有的财产。 【即学即练】 As is known to us all, China is a developing country ______ the third world. A. belonging B. belonged C. belonging to D. belonged to 解析:选 C。belong to 此处作定语,无被动语态和进行时态,必须和 to 连用构 成及物动词 短语。 6. In return, the Czar sent him a troop of his best soldiers.作为回报, 沙皇送给他一队
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自己最好的士兵。 in return 作为报答;回报 ①An old man gave us some food and water but asked for nothing in return on the island.在那个岛上一位老人给了我们一些食物和水,但没有要求任何回报。 in return for 作为对??的回报 in turn 依次;逐个地;转而;反过来 ②I invited him to dinner in return for his kindness. 为了报答他的好心,我宴请了 他。 ③He spends too much time on maths, and this in turn affects the progress of his other subjects. 他在数学上花的时间太多,这同时影响他的其他学科的进步。 ④The students answered the teacher's questions in turn. 学生们依次回答老师的问 题。 7. Sadly, although the Amber Room was considered one of the wonders of the world, it is now missing. 可悲的是, 尽管琥珀屋被认为是世界上的一大奇迹, 可是现在 它却消失了。 1)consider 考虑;认为,把。 。 。看作 I am considering going abroad. 我正在考虑出国。 I consider it a great honor.我认为这是极大的荣幸。 We consider that the driver is not to blame. 我们认为这不是司机的过错。 We consider it (to be ) true.=(We consider that it is true.) 我们认为这是真实的。 We consider him(to be) our friend. 我们把他当我们的好朋友。 8. This was a time when the two countries were at war. at war 处于交战状态 介词 at 可表示状态或动作 at the meeting 在会上 at peace 处于和平状态 at breakfast 在吃早饭 at table 在吃饭 at work 在上班 at school 在上学 9....,the Russians were able to remove some furniture and small art objects from the Amber Room. furniture 是 “家具” 的总称, 前不加冠词 a, 也不用复数。 用 much ,little 修 饰。 a piece of (an article of) furniture 一件家具 pieces(articles) of furniture 许多家具 10. There_is_no_doubt_that the boxes were then put on a train for K? nigsberg, which was at that time a German city on the Baltic Sea.毫无疑问这些箱子后来被装上火车 运往哥尼斯堡,当时德国在波罗的海边的一个城市。 doubt n. 怀疑;疑惑 vt.怀疑;不信 I don’t doubt that he is honest. 我不怀疑他是诚实的。 We doubt if he is honest. 我们怀疑他是否诚实。 用法点拨: doubt 作为名词,如果表达“困 惑”的事情,用作可数名词;如果表达“在某
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事上的困惑, ” 一般用作不可数名词。 作为动词, 在否定句和疑问句中, 后接 that 引导的从句;在肯定句中,后接 whether/if 引导的从句。 I never doubt that he will come. 我从未怀疑他会来。 I doubt whether/if the new one will be any better. 我不敢肯定这个新的是否会好一 些。 常用结构: in doubt 怀疑;拿不定主意 no/without/beyond doubt 无疑地;必定;当然 there is no doubt that... 毫无疑问??(that 从句为同位语从句,表示 no doubt 的实际内容,同位语从句亦可由 whether 引导) 【即学即练】 ①他肯定不是有意要伤害你的。 ______ ______he didn’t mean to hurt you. ②当你对这个问题没有把握时,请教一下老师。 When______ ______ about the question, you’d better ask the teacher. 答案:①No doubt ②in doubt 单项填空 ③There is no doubt ______ he will be asked to speak again next year. A. that B. whether C. what D. how 11.After that, what happened to the Amber Room remains a mystery.从那以后,琥 珀屋的去处便成了一个谜。 remain a mystery 为系表结构, remain 为系动词,意为“(继续)保持,仍然处于(某种状态)”,后接名词、形 容词、分词、介词短语等做表语。 ①Where he has gone remains a mystery.他去哪里了仍然是个谜。 ②Shops remain open till late in the evening.商店营业到晚上很晚。 ③Much work remains undone. 还有大量的工作未做。 ④They remained listening. 他们一直在听。 ⑤The patient remained in danger. 病人仍处在危险中。 ⑥That remains to be seen. 那还有待观察。 拓展: (2)remain 还可用做不及物动词,意为“剩下,还有;(继续)待在某处,继续存在, 留下”。 ①Little of the original architecture remains.原来的建筑现在留存的已经很少了。 ②I'll remain to see the end of the game.我将留下看比赛的结果。 12. In groups discuss: Is it worth rebuilding lost cultural relics such as the Amber Room or Yuan Ming Yuan in Beijing? 分组讨论:重建遗失的文化遗产,如琥珀屋 和北京的圆明园是值得的吗? worth adj.值得的; 相当于??的价值 n.价值; 作用 【联想拓展】 be worth+n. 当名词为金钱时,表示“??值??钱” The exhibition is worth a visit. This necklace is worth $1,000. 这条项链值 1000 美元。 be worth doing ??某事值得被做
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Mount Tai is well worth visiting. 泰山很值得参观。 be worthy of+n. 当名词为抽象名词时,表示 “??值得??” be worthy to be/of being done 某事值得被做 This movie is well worth seeing,but it is not worthy of being seen/to be seen twice. 这部电影值得看但是不值得看两遍。 It be worthwhile doing sth. 值得做某事 It be worthwhile for sb. to do sth. 值得某人去做某事 It is worthwhile buying the dictionary. 这 本 词 典 值 得 买 。 ( 其 中 的 worthwhile 也可换成 worth) It is worthwhile to discuss the plan again. 这个计划值得再讨论一次。 【即学即练】 这本书值得读。 ①The book is worth reading.=The book is ______ ______ ______ read. =It is ______ ______ the book. 答案:worthy to be; worthwhile reading 【即学即练】 单项填空 ②This book is worthy of ______ twice. A. reading B. read C. having read D. being read 解析:选 D。 be worthy 后可以用 to be done 或 of being done 结构,而 worth 后 用动名词的主动形式表示被动概念。 Part 3. Learning about Language 1.take apart 拆卸,拆开 The boy took apart the toy car, but couldn't put it together again.男孩把玩具汽车 拆开了, 可怎么也安不上了。 apart from Apart from a few words, he knows nothing about Chinese.除了几个单词外,他对 汉语一无所知。 本句中的 apart from 可以换成 except。 Apart from Jim, Lucy and Lily also attended the meeting.除了吉姆,虂茜和莉莉也 参加了会议。 此句中的 apart from 可以由 besides 替换。 This article is well written apart from a few spelling mistakes.这篇文 章写得很好,只是有几处拼写错误。 这一句中的 apart from 可以替换成 except for。 Part 4. Using Language 1. He/She only cares about whether the eyewitness has given true information, which must be facts rather than opinions. 他/她关心的只是目击者是否提供了真实的信 息,这些信息必须是事实而不是个人观点或看法。 rather than 意为“而不是” ,连接两个并列成分,这两个并列成分的形式应 该一致。 rather than 连接两个主语时, 其后面谓语动词的单复数形式应遵循就远 原则。类似用法的词汇、短语还有:as well as,together with,except,but,with, besides,including 等。 I think Tom, rather than you, is to blame. 我认为该受责备的是汤姆,而不是
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你。 Professor Smith, together with his assistants, is doing the research day and night. 史密斯教授和他的助手们正在夜以继日地进行研究。 【联想拓展】 or rather 更确切地说 This new product, or rather, this new style of shirt, is not very attractive. 这项新产 品,确切地说是这种新款式的衬衫,并不是非常吸引人的。 other than 除了??之外 She has no close friends other than him.她除了他以外没有好朋友。 would rather do...than do =would do...rather than do=prefer to do...rather than do...宁愿??而不愿??;宁愿;更喜欢 He would rather go walking than watch TV at home.他宁愿出去散步也不愿待在 家里看电视。 【即学即练】 选词填空(rather than/other than/or rather) ①I met him very late on Friday night, ______, early on Saturday morning. ②Does anybody ______ yourself know this? ③I decided to send an e-mail ______ telephone. 答案:①or rather ②other than ③rather than 4. Nor do I think they should give it to any government.我也认为他们不应该把它交 给任何政府。 该句中由于否定词 nor 位于句首,所以使用了部分倒装语序。英语中含有 否定意义的副词及短语放在句首时,句中需用部分倒装语序。这类副词及短语 有:never,seldom,neither,nor,little,not,hardly,scarcely,at no time, in no way 等。 ①Never before have I seen such a film.以前我从来没有看过这样的影片。 ②Seldom does she go out alone.她很少一个人出门。 ③Not a word did he say at the meeting.他在会上一句话也没说。 ④In no way can we give in to the difficulties.我们决不能向困难低头。 拓展: “nor/neither+系(助)动词+主语” ,表示前句中的否定情况,也适用于 另一人或物。 仿写:她解不出这个问题,我也不能。 She couldn't work out the problem, ________________. 答案:nor/neither could I 5. It can be proved that China has more population than any other countries in the world. 可以证明,中国人口比世界上任何其他国家都多。 prove (proved, proved) or (proved, proven) (1)vt. 证明 [~ sth (to sb) ] Just give me a chance and I’ll prove it to you. 给我一个机会,我会证明给你看。 [~ (that)] This proves (that) I was right. 这证明我是对的。 [~ wh-] This proves what I have been saying for some time. 这证明了我一段时 间以来所说的话。
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[~ +宾语+ adj] She was determined to prove him wrong. 她决心要证明他错了。 (2)系动词:证明是,显示是 [V+adj/n] Perhaps this book will prove (to be) useful. 或许这本书会证明有用的。 [V +to be] Their fears proved to be groundless. 他们的担心证明是无根据的。 [~ oneself (to be) n/adj] He proved himself to be a good teacher. 他显示自己是个好旅伴。 7. spend, cost, take, pay (1)spend 的主语必须是人,常用于以下结构: ①spend time/money on sth. 在……上花费时间(金钱) 。例: I spent two hours on this maths problem. 这道数学题花了我两个小时。 ② spend time/money (in) doing sth. 花费时间(金钱)做某事。例: They spent two years (in) building this bridge. 造这座桥花了他们两年时间。 (2)cost 的主语是物或某种活动, 还可以表示“值”, 常见用法如下: ①sth. costs + (sb.) +金钱. 某物花了(某人)多少钱。例: A new computer costs a lot of money. 买一台新电脑要花一大笔钱。 ② sth. costs + (sb.) +代价. 做某事使某人付出了什么代价。例: Drunk driving cost him his life. 酒后开车使他付出了生命的代价。 (3)take 后面常跟双宾语, 常见用法有以下几种: ①It takes sb. +时间+to do sth. 做某事花了某人多少时间。例: It took them three years to build this road. 他们用了三年时间修完了这条路。 ②It takes (sb )+sth + to do sth. 做某事需要(某人)某物。例: Courage is what it takes to succeed.成功需要勇气。 A smile is sometimes what it takes to cheer a friend up. 有时候一个微笑就会使 朋友高兴起来。 (4)pay 的基本用法是: ① (Sb) pay (sb.) money for sth. 付钱(给某人)买……。例: I have to pay them 20 pounds for this room each month. 我每个月要付 20 英磅 的房租。 ② pay for sth. 付……的钱。例: I have to pay for the book lost. 我不得不赔丢失的书款。 ③ pay sb (+ to do) 付钱给某人(去做某事)。 例: We pay the baby-sitter by the hour. 我们按小时给保姆钱。 I will pay you $3 to clean my car.我给你 3 美元你替我洗车。

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