阅读理解 A You may think that sailing is a difficult sport, but it is really not hard to learn it. You do not need to be strong. But you need to be quick. And you need to underst
and a few basic rules about the wind. Firs t, you must ask yourself, “Where is the wind coming from? Is it coming from ahead or behind or from the side?” You must think about this all the time on the boat. The wind direction tells you what to do with the sail. Let's start with the wind blowing from behind. This means the wind and the boat are going in the same direction. Then you must always keep the sail outside the boat. It should be at a 90° angle (角度) to the boat. Then it will catch the wind best. If the wind is blowing from the side, it is blowing across the boat. In this case, you must keep the sail half way outside the boat. It should be at a 45°angle to the boat. It needs to be out far enough to catch the wind, but it shouldn't flap (摆动). It shouldn't look like a flag on a flagpole. If it is flapping, it is probably out too far, and the boat will slow down. Sailing into the wind is not possible. If you try, the sail will flap and the boat will stop. You may want to go in that direction. It is possible, but you can't go in a straight line. You must go first in one direction and then in another. This is called tacking. When you are t a cking, you must always keep the sail inside the boat. 21. What should you consider first while sailing? A. Sailors' strength. C. Wind directions. B. Wave levels. D. Size of sails.
22. What does the word “It” underlined in Paragraph 4 refer to? A. The boat. B. The wind. C. The sail. D. The angle.
23. What do you have to do when sailing against the wind? A. Move in a straight line. C. Lower the sa il. B. Allow the sail to flap. D. Tack the boat.
24. Where can you probably find the text? A. In a popular magazine. C. In physics textbook. B Facial expressions carry meaning that is determined by situations and relationships. For
B. In a tourist guidebook. D. In an official report.
example, in American culture (文化) the smile is in general an expres sion of pleasure. Yet it also has other uses. A woman's smile at a police officer does not carry the same meaning as the smile she gives to a young child. A smile may show love or politeness. It can also hide true feelings. It often causes confusion (困惑) across cultures. For example, many people in Russia consider smiling at strangers in public to be unusual and even improper. Yet many Americans smile freely at strangers in public places (although this is less common in big cities). Some Russians believe that Americans smil e in the wrong places; some America ns believe that Russians don't smile enough. In Southeast Asian cultures, a smile is f requently used to cover painful feelings. Vietnamese people may tell a sad story but end the story with a smile. Our faces show emotions (情感), but we should not attempt to “read” people fro m another culture as we would “read” someone from our own culture. The fact that members of one culture do not express their emotions as openly as do members of another d oes not mean that they do not experience emotions. Rather, there a re cultural differences in the amount of facial expressiveness permitted. For example, in public and in formal situations many Japanese do not show their emotions as freely as Americans do. When with friends, Japanese and Americans seem to show their emotions similarly. It is difficult to generalize about Americans and facial expressiveness because of personal and cultural differences in the United States. People from certain cultural backgrounds in the United States seem to be more facially expressive than others. The key is to try not to judge people whose ways of showing emotion are different. If we judge according to our own cultural habits, we may make the mistake of “reading” the other person incorrectly. 25. What does the smile usually mean in the U.S.? A. Love. B. Politene ss. C. Joy. D. Thankfulness. 26. The author mentions the smile of the Vietnamese to prove that a smile can ______. A. show friendliness to strangers C. be used in the wrong places B. be used to hide true feelings D. show personal habits
27. What should we do befo re attempting to “read” people? A. Learn about their relations with others. B. Understand their cultural backgrounds. C. Find out about their past experience. D. Figure out what they will do next. 28. What would be the best title for the text? A. Cultural Differences C. Facial Expressiveness 完形填空 “My name's Jim Shelley and I'm an addict (有瘾的人) ...” With these words I began to 41 the problem, the problem of my telephone addiction. I used to call people 42 , from the moment I woke up to the time I went to sleep. I 43 to be phoned, I wanted to phone. Just one more call. It started socially — a few calls each day. It seemed 44 , just a quick chat. Gradually though, the 45 got worse. Soon it was 4 6 use, until, finally, addiction. And it began to affect (影响) my 47 . During the day I would disappear for 48 call.
B. Smiles and Relationships D. Habits and Emotions
If I couldn't make a call, I spent the whole time waiting for the phone to ring. Getting more and more 49 , in the end, I would ring someone, then someone else, 50 myself just one more call. I was phoning people and 51 messages to make sure 52 calls would see me through the day. I used to arrive at friends' homes and before the door was closed, go straight for the phone with the 53 “Is it OK if I just use the phone ...?” At work, I became 54 when my fellow workers tried to 55 me from using the phone. And one day I hit my boss (with the phone). Finally, the police caught me 56 a phone box that had taken my last one pound coin, and I was 57 to see a psychiatrist (心理医生). I haven't 58 a phone in the house for three weeks now, and it's several days 59 I used a phone box. I try not to watch TV because there are 60 people on it making phone calls. My name is Jim Shelley and I am an addict. 41. A. face B. find C. accept D. notice 42. A. now and then B. all the time C. at home D. at work 43. A. tried B. asked C. waited D. invited 44. A. polite B. important C. fine D. special 45. A. condition B. situation C. result D. effect 46. A. frequent B. regular C. unusual D. particular 47. A. friends B. study C. family D. work 48. A. a quick B. a secret C. an expected D. an extra 49. A. hopeful B. delighted C. frightened D. anxious 50. A. forcing B. telling C. giving D. limiting 51. A. leaving B. taking C. passing D. recording 52. A. long B. immediate C. enough D. surprising 53. A. saying B. demands C. wish D. words 54. A. careful B. mad C. determined D. helpless 55. A. save B. reduce C. protect D. stop 56. A. destroying B. using C. stealing D. emptying 57. A. offered B. guided C. ordered D. reminded 58. A. missed B. had C. received D. fixed 59. A. as B. when C. if D. since 60. A. always B. just C. more D. different
福建短文填词 阅读下面短文，根据以下提示：1）汉语提示，2）首字母提示，3）语境提示，在每个空格内填入一 个适当的英语单词，所填单词要求意义准确，拼写正确，并将该词完整地写在答题卡中相应的横线上。 Mr. Smith offers us some advice on how to write a good composition, which i following steps. Firstly, we should read the topic c 62 and organize our ideas. Then we start to shape
our own words and finish our writing in the g 65
time. After that,
we have to check our compositions, paying attention to important to read them aloud to 66
(语法) and spelling. It is very 67 to end. Lastly, 68
(自己) or someone else from
we had better ask our teachers or classmates for advice on how to improve our writing. If (可能), we may leave th em alone for some time before reading again, deal. I hope you will b 70 a lot from the a dvice above. 69
will help a great
短文改错 I was playing at my cousin house. Since his family was rich than mine, he had more toys than I did. There was one on particular I'd alway s wanted. I put into my pocket when he wasn't looking. I guessed, even at that age, I would never be able to enjoy to playing with the toy or faced my cousin again; I would always know I'd done something wrong. Late on, my aunt drove me home. When she dropped me off, I pulled out the toy slow and gave it back. She knows what had happened, but she thanked me and ever mentioned it again.
高考真题周周练（17） Keys 21-24: CCDA 全国卷 2012 25-28: CBBC 全国卷 2012 41-60: ABCCB; ADADB; ACDBD; ACBDA 全国卷 2004
短文填词 福建 2009 61. includes 62. carefully 63. in beginning 68. possible 69. which
64. given 70. benefit
短文改错 浙江 2011 I was playing at my cousin (改 cousin's) house. Since his family was rich (改 richer) than mine, he had more toys than I did. There was one on (改 in) particular I'd always wanted. I put (加 it/that) into my pocket when he wasn't looking. I guessed, even at that age, I would never be able to enjoy to (去 to) playing with the toy or faced (改 face) my cousin again; I would always know I'd done something wrong. Late (改 Later) on, my aunt drove me home. When she dropped me off, I pulled out t he toy slow (改 slowly) and gave it back. She knows (改 knew) what had happened,
but she thanked me and ever (改 never) mentioned it again.