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单元测评:Unit4 Astronomy the science of the stars


单元测评(四) Unit 4 Astronomy the science of the stars (时间:90 分钟 第一部分 第一节 满分:110 分)

英语知识运用(共两节,满分 45 分) 语法和词汇知识(共 15 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 15 分)

从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。 1.His

wife gave ________ birth to a baby girl last week, which gave him ________ great pleasure. A. the; the C. /; the B. the; / D. /; /

2.(2013· 泰安高一检测 )It is obvious that water is to be ________ to the development of life. A. gentle C. harmful B. fundamental D. violent

3.The two parties are holding the talks in a friendly ________ at present. Hopefully, they will reach an agreement. A. atmosphere C. situation B. condition D. climate

4.The question was so ________ that there was a ________ expression on the teacher's face. A. puzzled; puzzling C. puzzling; puzzled B. puzzled; puzzled D. puzzling; puzzling

5.I was tired out that evening, but I ________ from falling asleep by a sharp pain in my stomach. A. was prevented C. has prevented 6.— I failed my driving test again. — Don't be discouraged. You'll be successful ________. A. at times C. on time B. at one time D. in time B. had prevented D. am prevented

7.— ________ you like that latest type of car so much, why not buy it? — Well, I can't afford so expensive a car. It is worth 200, 000 yuan. A. As if B. Even if

C. Now that

D. In case

8.A true friend should be the one who always ________ you up when you are upset. A. gives C. talks B. cheers D. pulls

9.________ the students will visit the city museum this Friday hasn't been decided. A. If C. That B. What D. Whether

10. See the model ship ________ in the pool? That's what my father made for me last weekend. A. float C. floated following work. A. in C. at B. on D. for B. floating D. to float

11. After we finish the design, the company, ________ its turn, should do the

12.Prices of the basic necessities of life have been going up sharply since word came that war would ________ between the two countries soon. A. take out C. die out B. break out D. give out

13.________ is known to us all is that the 2016 Olympic Games will take place in Rio de Janeiro. A. It C. As B. What D. Which

14.Though most people know that smoking ________ the risk of heart attacks and other health problems, it is still hard for them to give it up. A. gains C. combines B. gathers D. multiplies

15.— Mom, may I play computer games just for a while? — ________! Dad is writing his paper on the computer. A. Help yourself C. Behave yourself B. It's up to you D. Go ahead

第二节

完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分)

阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从每题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 四个选项中, 选出最佳选项。 When Katie was nine years old, her teacher gave each kid in her class a cabbage seedling (幼苗). She __16__ the seedling in her backyard. Then she watered it every day __17__ it grew into a 40pound cabbage! The vegetable was too __18__ for her family to eat. “I knew my cabbage needed to __19__ a special home,” said Katie. So she __20__ it to a local soup kitchen — a place that provided __21__ for people who were hungry. Because of her __22__, the soup kitchen invited Katie to help serve the cabbage. That cabbage helped to__23__ lots of people. Katie loved the __24__ of growing food to feed people. She needed more garden space. Her school had an unused __26__, and Katie thought it was the perfect spot. __25__ she

The school liked the garden idea, and all the students were __27__ to help. But Katie didn't __28__ there. She worked with local of land for additional (额外的) gardens. Katie hoped to grow all kinds of crops, __30__ she didn't know how. She asked for help from an expert gardener. Together, they __31__ the types of vegetables that grow best in the area. A seed company then gave them all the plants. Katie's __32__ grew even bigger than her cabbage. Her group, Katie's Krops, now has seven gardens. All the land __33__ that they can grow a lot of food for the needy. Encouraged by Katie, lots of kids and adults __34__ to plant and water. Katie's Krops has __35__ soup kitchens over 5,000 pounds of vegetables so far. 16.A. studied C. planted 17.A. though C. until 18.A. fresh C. sweet 19.A. build B. cut D. washed B. if D. because B. hard D. big B. accept __29__who gave her plots (小块土地)

C. leave 20.A. sent C. told 21.A. houses C. clothes 22.A. kindness C. protection 23.A. recognize C. feed 24.A. silence C. trust 25.A. forgot C. doubted 26.A. desk C. field 27.A. excited C. brave 28.A. stop C. live 29.A. students C. teachers 30.A. so C. for 31.A. cooked C. hid 32.A. trouble C. picture 33.A. means C. feels 34.A. hate C. refuse 35.A. sold

D. find B. returned D. lent B. jobs D. meals B. happiness D. question B. hire D. save B. luck D. satisfaction B. promised D. decided B. room D. book B. hurry D. possible B. lie D. help B. farmers D. workers B. or D. but B. chose D. changed B. idea D. mistake B. hopes D. advises B. happen D. volunteer B. bought

C. shown 第二部分 第一节

D. given 阅读理解(共两节;满分 30 分) (共 10 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 20 分)

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出最佳选项。 A Allie saw a little bird, which rested on a light close to the store's ceiling. As a man left the store, the automatic (自动的) door opened. The bird flew down toward it. Allie held her breath, afraid the bird would crash into the closing door. But it didn't. It finally landed on top of a mountain of tomatojuice cans, looking nervous. Allie raced to the door, opening it. “Come on, little bird!” she cried, waving her arms. “You can fly away now.” The bird looked at Allie but didn't move. Mr. Andrews saw this and said, “Let me try.” He stood in the open doorway for a moment. Then he called, “Come on, little fellow. Don't be afraid!” The bird didn't move. “I'm sorry, but I have to go,” said Mr. Andrews. He left, and the door closed. Allie and Mom continued shopping. Allie felt terrible each time she heard the birdcall! Finally, she and Mom arrived at the checkout (收银台) and she saw the bird was on the tomatojuice cans again, watching the doorway. Outside, Mrs. Sanchez was coming near the store entrance in her wheelchair (轮 椅). She paused in the open doorway and slowly bent down to clean dirt off her shoes. This was the bird's chance! Allie called quietly, “Mrs. Sanchez, hold still, please!” Mrs. Sanchez looked puzzled. After she looked at the bird Allie pointed to, she gave Allie a nod. Seeing that, Allie's bird flew fast right over Mrs. Sanchez's head and out the door. Mrs. Sanchez sat up again. “Thanks, Mrs. Sanchez! You helped my bird get out!” Allie cried. Then she ran to the window. She watched the bird join its friends who were lined up on the wall, waiting, and then fly up into the sky.

36.What was Allie doing when she first saw the little bird? A. She was drinking tomato juice. B. She was planning to leave the store. C. She was shopping with her mother. D. she was standing on top of a mountain. 37.Mr. Andrews had a try at ________. A. catching the bird C. closing the store's door B. comforting the bird D. helping the bird fly away

38.What does the underlined word “paused” in the text mean? A. Searched. C. Succeeded. B. Stood. D. Stopped.

39 . When Allie watched the bird join its friends, she probably felt very ________. A. bored C. proud B The earth is the only planet that scientists think has life. Why does the earth have life while the other planets (行星) don't? For one thing, the earth is just the right temperature. As the_third_planet from the sun, the earth seems to be just the right distance away. The planets which are closer to the sun are hot that their surfaces bake (烘烤) in the sun. The farthest planets are cold balls. When the earth developed — which scientists believe may have happened about 4 billion years ago — many gases covered the earth. The gases caused the earth to be hot. But something wonderful happened. The temperature was just right for thick clouds to form. It rained very hard for a very long time. This gave the earth its oceans. Water made it possible for plants to grow. The plants created oxygen in the atmosphere. Oxygen is the gas that humans and animals breathe. Only one other planet in the solar system seems to be something like the earth. That planet is Mars (火星). Mars is smaller than the earth, and it is quite a bit cooler. But it is not too cold for humans. On some days, the temperatures are as low as a winter day in the northern United States. If you wore a special space suit, you could walk around on Mars. You would have to Mars is too thin to breathe. bring your own air to breathe, the air on B. happy D. nervous

Mars has the largest volcano (火山) in the solar system. It is

sixteen miles high.

The highest volcano on the earth is five miles high. The most unexpected (未预测到 的) sight on Mars is dried up river beds. Scientists believe that Mars was once much better than it is now. Does this mean there could have been living things on Mars? Scientists are not sure, but there has been no sign so far. 40.Which of the following is NOT the reason that the earth has life? A. The earth is just the right temperature. B. The volcanos on earth are lower than those on Mars. C. There is oxygen in the atmosphere of the earth. D. The earth seems to be just the right distance away from the sun. 41.The underlined phrase “the third planet” in the first paragraph refers to ________. A. the Sun C. the Earth B. the Moon D. the Mars

42.Which of the following about the Mars is NOT true? A. There could have been living things on Mars. B. Mars has the largest volcano in the solar system. C. There is almost no oxygen in the air on Mars. D. Mars is smaller than the earth, and it is quite a bit cooler. C Family activities School's out and it's time to make your family active. Diving This is a great way to make swimming even more fun. High board diving needs muscle control. Lessons begin at the pool side, where you will learn some basic skills before moving on to the boards. Try a saltwater pool, on warmer days, and enjoy the fresh air, high boards and water games. Suitable for: 13+ Cost: £10 an hour. The first lesson, which lasts one hour, is usually free if you decide to carry on. Contact: Find your local swimming pool at www. britishswimming. org; 015 096 18

700 续表 Sailing Sailing is great for building confidence and provides a mental and physical challenge from the beginning. It can be done alone, and picking up the basics is easy. Suitable for: 8+ Cost: Free Contact: The Royal Yachting Association; 084 534 50400 ; www. rya. org. uk Surfing Balance, coordination and patience are required to learn the art of surfing, but the excitement of jumping to your feet on the board for the first time and tiding a wave to the shore is an excellent experience. Suitable for: 8+ Cost: £30 an hour Contact: www. nationalsurfingcentre. com; 016 378 50737 Gymnastics Gymnastics improves flexibility ( 灵 活 性 ), strength, and teaches selfdiscipline. Although Olympiclevel gymnastics takes years of practice to master ( 掌握), more simple moves are easy to learn in a day and can be practiced at home. Suitable for: 4+ Cost: £6 an hour Contact: British Gymnastics; 084 512 97129 ; www. britishgymnastics. org 语篇解读 放假了, 让孩子们做些什么对健康有益的活动呢?跳水、划

船、冲浪,还是体操呢? should choose ________. A. Diving C. Surfing B. Sailing D. Gymnastics

44.If you have a 10hour course in diving, you should pay ________. A. £ 100 C. £ 90 B. £ 300 D. £ 60

45.If you want to increase your confidence, you can call ________. A. 084 512 97129

B. 015 096 18700 C.016 378 50737 D. 084 534 50400 第二节 (共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 10 分)

根据短文内容, 从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有 两项为多余选项。 Friends are important to children. Research shows that children who have no friends might suffer from difficulties later in life. __46__ In making friends, children can also learn how to communicate with others and solve problems. In order to help your children make friends, you need to understand the steps children take in building friendships. ★ Be a friend to your children at home. __47__ Children begin to develop the necessary ability to go out and meet others through getting along with their parents. Greet the children warmly and let them know you are glad to see them. Children learn a lot from the time their parents spend with them. ★ Teach your children how to solve conflicts (争执). __48__ If you know the children have a conflict, let them work it out on their own. Only step in if it is really necessary. For example, an argument is leading to a fight. ★ __49__ Have your children play games that require cooperation. For example, relay races are fun and provide plenty of practice in teamwork. ★ __50__ You can encourage your children to do this by setting an example to them when someone gives you a hand. A. Good friendships start at home. B. Encourage your children to show thanks to others. C. Give children chances to practice working together. D. Friendship provides children with more than just fun. E. Children should be wise when choosing their friends. F. As children grow older, they continue to depend on their parents' support. G. Being able to work out conflicts is an important skill in getting along with others.

第三部分

书面表达(满分 25 分)

(2013· 江苏阜宁高一检测) 最近我校对高一学生入学一学期后的学习生活适应情况做了一个调查, 情况 如下。请你用英语表达下表的调查结果,并提出个人观点。 60%左右的学生认为 1.高中学习很有压力; 2. 科目难度大,课后作业多; 3.没时间参加锻炼等活动。 要求:1.词数 150 左右; 2.文章开头已给出,但不计入总词数。 参考词汇:course 课程;benefit 对……有益; stressful 有压力的 Recently, a survey has been carried out in our school whether the freshmen have become used to the life in senior high school. _________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ 40%左右的学生认为 1.适应并喜欢高中生活; 2.课程更有趣,活动更丰富,受 益匪浅。 …… 我的 观点


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