人教课标版高二 选修7 Unit 1
Warming up & Reading
How many different types of disabilities do you know?
disabled people blind
Types of Disabilities
blind deaf mute Physically lame disabled paralytic can’t see can’t hear can’t speak can’t walk normally have no feeling in a certain part of the body
Types of Disabilities
armless lose a certain part of the body
Physically legless disabled handless
have a hump(驼峰) hunchback on the back Mentally disabled can’t behave properly or normally
Goddess of Mercy of a thousand hands
Can you name some great
disabled people? And what have they tried to do to
overcome these difficulties?
Steven Hawking England 肌萎缩性侧索硬化症 amyotrophic
Speech impaired, can only move one of his fingers physicist / mathematician, research into the beginning of space, matter and time. (Black holes theory)
Beethoven (1770-1827) deaf Composed
Helen Keller 1882—1968 United Kingdom blind, deaf and dumb
learn to read Braille (盲文), to speak and write. Finished the studies in Radcliff College. educator and writer “Three days To See.”
Zhang Haidi: paralytic, in a wheelchair writer, translator
Sanglan： a famous
gymnast (体操运动员). She hurt herself seriously in a competition and can’t stand. She helped to bid 2008 Olympic Games and helped organize the Paralympics (残疾人运动 会).
Think it over
What do you learn from these disabled?
They’re broken in body but firm in spirit. （身残志坚）
What spirits and characteristics make the disabled successful?
the disabled people
We are going to read an entry on a website called "Family Village". It gives ordinary young people with a disability a chance to tell their personal stories. Glance at the title and picture, then discuss with a partner what kind of thing you think people would write about and why disabled people find the website beneficial.
The “Family Village” is a website _______.
The purpose of the website： 1. To give young disabled people the chance to share their stories with others. 2. To inspire other disabled people. 3. To get non-disabled people to understand more about the challenging life the disabled people lead.
Let’s read Marty’s Story which is from the family village website.
Then do the following exercises.
Sum up the main idea of each paragraph.
Para. 1 An introduction to Marty and his muscle disease.
Para. 2 How his disability developed.
Para. 3 Para. 4 Para. 5
Marty met a lot of difficulties
at school. How his life has become easier. The advantages of his disease.
A muscle disease __ ______ _______ makes him very weak. ______ run Clumsy and can’t ___ or _____ stairs as quickly as climb other people.
live one day __ a time at _ ____.
What does “live one day at a time” mean? Live a rich and full life every day.
Why did the doctors cut out a piece of muscle from Marty’s leg? A. Because they could cure the disease by cutting it out. B. Because they wanted to use it as a specimen(标本). C. Because they would transplant(移植) the new muscle. D. Because they wanted to find out the cause of the disease.
What are the Marty’s ambition, Para.4 achievement and hobby? 1) Marty’s ambition work for a film that develops computer __________________________________ software when he grows up. _______________________________ 2) Marty’s achievement __________________________________ invented a computer football game and __________________________________ a big company has decided to buy it. 3) Marty’s hobby movies, football matches; look after pets. __________________________________
1. Don’t feel sorry for them. 2. Don’t make fun of them. 3. Don’t ignore them. 4. Accept them for who they are. 5. Encourage them to live as rich and full a life as you do.
Further understanding (1)
the change of Marty’s feelings: hopeful
not get annoyed
Further understanding (2)
We can see that Marty is a ____
optimistic brave stupid, pessimistic, optimistic, brave, independent strong-minded independent, strong-minded…
Choose the right answer.
1) When Marty says “I am one in a million”, he really means _____. A. he is unique B. he has a rare disease C. he has a muscle disease D. he lives a hard but happy life
2) Which of the following is TRUE according to the text? _______ A. While at high school, not all Marty’s classmates accept him. B. A big company bought the computer game from Marty. C. The doctors know Marty’s disease well but they hide the truth. D. Marty looks quite different from others because of his disease.
3) From the passage we can infer that ____. A. Marty asks others to feel sorry for him. B. Marty never loses heart. C. Marty is afraid of being made fun of. D. Marty will not accept any encouragement because he has grown stronger.
4) What’s Marty’s dream? A. Being a famous football player and representing his country in the World Cup. B. Being a doctor. C. Being a college student. D. Being a basketball player.
5) Which of the following is false? A. Although there are a few students who look down upon him, Marty never gets annoyed. B. Marty leads a meaningful life and does not feel sorry for being disabled. C. Marty only spends time with his pets and never with his friends. D. Marty disability has made him more independent.
6) What is the tone of the text? A. sad. C. positive. B. happy. D. negative.
(Questions on textbook)
Read Marty’s story and fill in the table.
Problems caused by his disability
1. weak and can’t run or climb stairs as _____ quickly as others 2. ______ and often drop things or bump clumsy into furniture 3. can’t play football and can only enjoy football matches from a bench at a stadium 4. has missed a lot of school 5. feels stupid because of being behind the others
What Marty does in spite of his disability 1. enjoys writing and computer ______ programming 2. invented a computer football game. 3. looks after pets 4. Disability has helped him grow psychologically and become more independent.
Others’ ◆ At primary school, sometimes laughed at attitude kids _________ me. ◆ At high school, my fellow accept students have begun to ______ me for who I am. stupid His own ◆ I used to feel ______ because of attitude being behind the others. ◆ Now I have no time to sit around sorry feeling _____ for myself. ◆ My disability has made me grow independent stronger and more ___________ .
Discuss these questions.
1. What kind of person do you think Marty is? Marty seems to be a fairly positive person who considers he has a good life. He is realistic about his disability, but does not let this stop him doing as much as he can. He is a psychologically strong, independent boy.
2. What do you think is the most difficult thing that Marty has to deal with in his life? Missing lots of school, not being able to run around and play sports like other boys at his age, people not
understanding that he has a disability.
3. What kind of thing does Marty do in order to make his life happy and satisfying?
Marty keeps busy doing things that do not require physical strength, like computer programming. He has friends with whom he can go to movies and football matches and he has lots of pets. He also studies hard.
4. What can other people do to help Marty and others like him live a good life?
They can accept people with disabilities like Marty for who they are rather than focus on their disability. They can encourage them to live rich and full lives.
5. Why has his fellow students’
conduct changed towards Marty? Because they found that Marty
was able to live as rich and full a
life as everyone else.
What’s the main idea of the text?
Though he is a ________ person, disabled Marty never feels sorry for himself and he enjoys his life.
Marty Fielding suffered from
muscle disease when he was 10, ______
which sometimes made him clumsy ______
and drop things or bump into
The doctors don’t know exactly what
is wrong with him, so they don’t
know how to make him better. But he ___
has to learn to _____ to his disability. adapt
When some people cannot accept him for who he is, he doesn’t get annoyed . _______ He just ignores them. ______
All __ all, he has a good life. His in ________ is to work in the computer ambition ________ when he grows up. He has industry a very happy life and doesn’t have time to sit around ______ sorry for feeling himself. He is ______ to have found happy
many things he can do really well.
In many ways his disability has made him grow stronger and more ___________. He has had to work independent hard to live a _______ life, but it has normal been worth it. From him, we can learn _____
more: Just having a ________ doesn’t disability
mean your life is not ________. satisfying
So don’t feel sorry for the disabled or _______ make ___ of them and don’t ignore fun them either. Just accept them for who they are, and give them encouragement ______________ to live as rich and full a life __ you do. as
Do you think disabled people can live a happy life as normal people now?
A free debate
people can live a happy life as normal people now.
people may not live a happy life as normal people now.
? Retell Marty’s story according to the mini bio. ? Surf the internet to learn more about the life of disabled people.
Thank you for listening!