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2014届高考英语 短文改错第一轮训练题7


2014 高考英语短文改错一轮训练(1)及答案
【命题趋向】 短文改错是一项主要测试考生的判断能力,观察能力、纠错能力语言基础知识及语言的综合 运用能力。 短文改错的趋势: 1.改错短文以记叙文和说明文为主 。 2.文章内容贴近学生生活,没有生僻词汇和复杂的结构,文章简单易懂,错误设置也很 简单,多为学生平常作文中常出现的错误。 3.短文一般 100 词左右,错误有 9

处。 4.常见错有三种:错词、多词、 缺词。错词占 60%左右 【错误类型】 1. 错词 2. 多词 3. 缺词 4. 正错 【考点透视】 一.错词的热点 1. 动词—时态 语态 非谓语 ;主谓关系 2. 联系词—关系代词和关系副词;连词;连接词。 3. 名词—可数名词 、不可数名词,可数名字的单复数变化。 4. 介词—介词和动词的搭配错误。 5. 形容词/副词—词类错用。 6. 冠词—定冠词和不定冠词的错用。 7. 代词—人称代词;物主代词;反身代词。 8. 惯用法—固定句型,固定短语。 二.多词和缺词热点 1. 冠词 2.介词 3.副词 4.代词 5.关联词 6.小品词 to

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【短文改错主要特点】 1. 语言材料取自于学生的习作。 2. 短文为贴近学生生活的话题或学生身边事。 3. 短文难度符合学生水平。 4. 语言简单易懂。 5. 没有生僻的语言现象或繁难的语句结构。 ***********************************************************结束 1.第一节:短文改错(共 10 小题,每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有 10 处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏词符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线 (﹨)划掉。 修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1.每处错误及修改均仅限一词; 2.只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 Never should I forget the first English lesson giving by Miss Liu. On that day, when she entered the classroom, we found out that she was a young and beautiful lady. Then she introduced her and said we shouldn’t call her Teacher Liu but Miss. Liu. Late, she let us go to the blackboard and say something about ourselves in English on turn. When it was my turn, I felt so shy that I don’t dare to say anything before the class. She went up to me and said kind, “Don’t be afraid. I believe you can do well.” At last, I went to the blackboard. She praised me for that I had done.

【参考答案】 Never should I forget the first English lesson giving by Miss Liu. On that shall day, when she given entered the classroom, we found out that she was a young and beautiful

lady. Then she introduced her and said we shouldn't call her Teacher herself Liu but Miss Liu. Late, she let us go to the blackboard and say something about Later
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ourselves in English on turn. When it was my turn, I felt so shy that I don't dare in didn't

to say anything before the class. She went up to me and said kind, "Don't be kindly afraid. I believe you can do ∧ well." At last, I went to the blackboard. She [ it praised me for that I had done what

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(2010·石家庄质检) I am a very active girl in my class. I have many hobby,1.________ such as writing stories, playing piano and singing English2.________ songs. My most favorite subject is English. I became3.________ interested in it when I was very young. My dream is 4.________ to study abroad. But now I need to improve my English5.________ and learn more about west culture as well. I will be6._______ able to improving the friendship between China and7.________ the rest of the world. I hoped my dream will come true.8.________ And I believe in nobody can change my mind. I will work9.________ harder and follow my heart, no matter how happens!10.________ 答案与解析: 1.hobby→hobbies many 后接复数名词,下文 such as 后列举的内容也是提示。 2.piano 前加 the play the piano 表示“弹钢琴”,是固定搭配。西洋乐器类名词 前常用定冠词 the。
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3.去掉 most favorite 本身就是“最喜爱的”,因此原句语义重复。 4.√ 5.But→So 前后逻辑上是因果而不是转折关系。 6.west→western 依据语境这里表示“西方文化”,应用形容词 western 作定语。 7.improving→improve be able to do sth.表示“能够做某事”。 8.hoped→hope 这里表示说话人现在的愿望,故应用一般现在时。 9.去掉 in 不能接从句。 10.how→what no matter what happens 无论发生什么,what 充当从句的主语。 *******************************************************结束 I believe that..我相信??。believe in 表示“信任,信仰”,其后

(四) Coffee houses can be seen anywhere in America. People from European brought the idea with them. Soon coffee became the leading drink. Today people in United States drink more coffee than people in any country. 79. People who drink coffee at breakfast, at lunch, and between meals. They drink them at work and at home. Coffee is drunk by people around the world. Some people like coffee what is very black and very strong. Another people like coffee with cream or sugar, or, cream 84. and sugar with it. Now coffee has become a world-wide drink. 85. 80. 81. 82. 83. 76. 77. 78.

(四)

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76.anywhere → everywhere 78. in ∧→ the 79. any ∧→ other 83.what → that/which

77.European → Europe

80. 去掉 who

81.them → it

82. √

84. Another → Other

85.with → in

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第一节 短文改错(10 分) 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共 有 10 处语言错误,每句中最多有两处,每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧) ,并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。 修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1.每处错误及其修改均限一词。 2.只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 Last Sunday I saw a worst storm in years.It came sudden and went on for over three hours.After lunch, I went into my room to have a rest.The air was hot, but all was quiet.Then a strong wind started to blow into my room.Pieces of paper on my desk flew high into the air and some flew out the open window.As I ran out to catch it, big drop of rain began to fall.When I come back into the house, it was raining more harder and harder.Then I heard a loud crashing sound from the back of the house.When I ran out to find out that had happened, a big tree had fallen down and broke the top of the backroom. 【参考答案】 76.a 改为 the 79.out 后加 of 82.come 改为 came 85.broke 改为 broken 77.sudden 改为 suddenly 80.it 改为 them 83.more 改为 much 或去掉 78.but 改为 and 81.drop 改为 drops 84.that 改为 what

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【重庆主城八区】调研抽测试卷
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第一节 短文改错(共 10 小题; 每小题 1 分, 满分 10 分) 以下标有题号的每一行均有一个错误,请找出,并按下列情况改正: 此行多一个词:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉,在该行右边横线上写出该词,并也用斜线划掉。 此行缺一个词:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧) ,在该行右边横线上写出该加的词。 此行错一个词:在错的词下划一横线,在该右边横线上写出改正后的词。 注意:请在答题卡上作答。 We live on the earth, but we are not alone in the world. Everyone know we should keep the balance of nature, or we don’t always do as we say . A species can become endangered with different reasons. But the very important one is their living places are ruined. We ____________ cut down trees without plant new ones, and we pollute the place ____________ where animal live. Because of this, they have no home and they are going to be die out. Other reason is money. Many tigers are killed by those who want to sell our fur and use their bones for medicine. ____________ We should do everything which can be done to change the situation, or wild animals can only exist in our memories. 85. ____________ 81. ____________ 82. ____________ 83. ____________ 84. 80. 76. ____________ 77. ____________ 78. ____________ 79.

第一节 短文改错(共 10 小题; 每小题 1 分, 满分 10 分) We live on the earth, but we are not alone in the world. Everyone know we should keep the balance of nature, or we don’t always do as we say . A species can become endangered with different reasons. 76. 77. but 78. for knows

But the very important one is∧ their living places are ruined. We 79. that cut down trees without plant new ones, and we pollute the place planting
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80.

where animal live. Because of this, they have no home and they are going to be die out. Other reason is money. Many tigers are killed by those who want to sell our fur and use their bones for medicine. We should do everything which can be done to change the situation, or wild animals can only exist in our memories. ******************************************************结束

81. animals 82. be 83. Another 84. their 85. that

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