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北师大版高中英语必修1-必修4课文要点短语总结 (1)


第一单元课时总结
重点短语: Couch potato 电视迷 Sit on the sofa 坐在沙发上 Sit in the chair 坐在椅子上 Sit at one’s desk 坐在桌上 Tell sb about sth 告诉某人某事 Wake up=awake 醒来 Get up immediately 立刻起床 Turn on =switch on 打

开 Go downstairs 下楼 In the living room 在卧室 In the dining room 在餐厅 Eat sth for lunch/breakfast/dinner 早中晚饭 吃…… At the moment 现在 Watch TV series 看电视剧 Switch over 换台 Switch off=turn off 关掉 Do some exercise 做锻炼 Take the dog for a walk 遛狗 Walk the dog 遛狗 Portable TV 便携式电视 Laptop computer 笔记本电脑 Walks round in a circle 绕圈走 Live this lifestyle 过……的生活 Lead a……life 过……的生活 Live a……life 过……的生活 Make meals 做饭 Make the bed 铺床 Remote control 遥控器 A remote place 遥远的地方 At your feet and in your hand 近在咫尺 Work one’s way through 做….来谋生 Go off 响起 Jump out of 从….跳出来 It takes sb+时间+to do 花费时间做某事 It costs sb+时间/金钱+to do 花费时间金钱做 某事 I spend+时间/金钱+(in) doing/on sth 花费时 间金钱做某事 Get changed/dressed 换衣服、穿衣服 Take up 占据时间和空间 Make up 占据百分比 Be filled with 充满 Be full of 充满 I am full 吃饱了 Urgent matters 紧急事件 By around 8 o’clock 八点钟左右 Answer the phone/e-mails 接电话、回邮件 Be ready for doing sth/sth 准备好做 Be asleep/alive/awake 醒着、活着 Do sth for fun 做…..事寻乐 Complain to sb about/of sth 向某人抱怨某事 Try one’s best to do sth 尽力做某事 Do one’s best to do sth 尽力做某事 Be/get bored with sth 无聊 Support the family 养家糊口 Travel to work 去上班 Be tired of 对….疲惫 Arrive at(小)/in(大)到达 Check numbers 核对账目 In a nearby shop=in a shop nearby 在附近的 商店里 Return to=go back to 返回 Take a weekend break 周末休息 Far away from 离得远 Do good to=be good for 对…..有好处 Be good to sb 某人对某人很好 In the north of 在….北方 Be at work 投身工作 Have the same work hours 有相同的工作时 间 Early in the morning and late at night 起早贪 黑 Make sure=ensure 确保 Be free of sth 免于 Grow wheat 种麦子 Look after sth 照顾 Study by distance learning 远程学习 Be interested in 感兴趣 Get/have a chance/an opportunity to do sth 有 机会做某事 Be busy with/doing 忙于做……

be fond of=be crazy about 喜欢,痴迷于 interrupt others 打断某人的话 make notes of=take notes of=note down 做笔 记 introduce sb to sb 向某人介绍某人 introduce sth 引进….. last for several hours 持续几个小时 as a result=in consequence 结果是 as a result of=in consequence of 由于….的缘 故 come up with 想到 catch up with 赶上 solve the problem 解决问题 invite sb to do sth 邀请某人做某事 be served as=be served to do 被用来做…. 重点句型 1,Not….until 直到…..才 He didn’t go to bed until his father came home.

be on the same course as sb 与..上一样的课 in order to=so as to 为了 be popular with 流行 play an important role/part in sth 起很重要的 角色、作用 such as=for example=for instance 比如 as well as 也 offer sb sth 提供某人某物 do their business 经商谈生意 In fact=actually 事实上 Daily routine 日常生活 Give sb some advice 提建议 It makes a difference to 起作用,有影响 Look forward to sth/doing sth 盼望做某事

2,So/such…… that/so…….as 如此…….以至于 The question is so difficult that nobody can solve it. It is such a difficult question that nobody can solve it.——定语从句接完整句子 The question is so difficult as nobody can solve. 3,far away from/far from The village is far away from the city.(远离…..) The money is far from enough.(远远不够)

第二单元课时总结
基础短语
Manned spaceship 载人飞船 Man-made spaceship 人造飞船 Lift off 发射升空 Take off 起飞 Choose sth from 从…..选择 Sth be chosen from 从…..选择 Launch a campaign 发起某个活动 Feel the high gravity 感到很强的重力 Separate sth from sth 分隔 Divide sth into sth 分割 Soar into the sky 翱翔太空 because of=thanks to=owning to 因为 circle the earth 绕地球转 for the sixth time 第六次 six times 六次 speak with 与某人交谈 complete tasks 完成任务 express one’s opinion 表达观点 explore and use space peacefully 和平开发利 用太空 land safely 安全着陆 glow red 烧得通红 come back into=return into 返回进….. the earth’s atmosphere 大气层 let out parachute 打开降落伞 millions of 百万

all over China 全中国 climb out of 爬出 wave to the crowds 向人们挥手 collect information 搜集信息 do research 做研究 call an ambulance 打电话叫救护车 fight for 为…..而奋斗 fight against 与…..作斗争 lead the revolution 领导革命 in my opinion 在我看来 from my point of view 在我看来 as far as I am concerned 在我看来 agree with sb 同意某人 listen to 倾听 if it is possible 如果可能 if possible 如果可能 go to poison 进监狱 Organize protests 组织抗议 Organize the march 组织游行 Make a speech 做演讲 Give a lecture 作报告 receive a medical degree 获得医学学位 sb in need 需要帮助的人 come out of prison 出狱 travel around the world 环球旅行 change one’s opinions on sth 改变对….的看 法 move up to first 获得第一 Draw/claim one’s attention 吸引某人注意 Encourage sb to do sth 鼓励某人做某事 All kinds/sorts of 各种各样 Say goodbye to sb 告别某人 Think of sth/doing sth 想到做某事 Come to do sth 开始做….. Give up doing sth 放弃做某事 Pull through=overcome difficulties 渡过难关 Commit suicide 自杀 react to sth 对….做出反应 get involved in 陷入,卷入….. get involved with 参与 improve the quality of 提高…..质量 重点句型 1、定语从句

speak about the time when….. 讲诉那段时 光….. practice doing sth 练习做….. look back=recall=retrospect 回顾,回首 be strict with 对…..严厉 compete against 与某人竞争 complete/finish one’s school 完成学业 express/show an interest in sth 对….感兴趣 come to an end 结束 make progress 取得进步 cause problems 引发问题 be worried about 担心…. do the dishes 洗碗 wash the dishes 洗碗 go/get on well with each other 与…..相处融洽 be keen about 喜爱 make films 制片 be in college 在大学 be famous for 以…而出名 be popular with 流行 be familiar with sth/to sb 熟悉….. at first/last 最初/最后 on one’s own=by oneself 独自 start a new life=lead a new life 开始新生活 do sth with great courage 有勇气做某事 raise money for sb/to do sth 为……筹集钱 donate money to sb.为……捐款 Promote research into 促进对…研究 be confident of /that/to do sth 对…有信心 be far too busy with sth/doing sth 做…..太忙 come off it 别吹牛了,别胡说 be dead right 完全正确 in the course of 在…..过程中 space exploration 太空探索 make the journey into space 太空之旅 in order to do 为了做…. at the risk of doing sth 冒…..风险做某事 air crash 空难 soon after 不久之后 have a hunger to do sth 渴望做某事 be friendly/kind to 对…..友好、善良

Yesterday I helped an old man who had lost his way. 昨天我帮助了一位迷路的老人。 That is the teacher who teaches us physics. 那就是教我们物理的老师。 Li Ming is just the boy ( whom ) I want to see. 李明正是我想要见的男孩。 I still remember the day when I first came to this school. 我仍然记得第一次来学校的那一天。 Shanghai is the city where I was born. 上海是我出生的城市。 2、not only…..but also…..句型 He can not only play the piano but also play the violin. Not only can he play the piano but also he can play the violin. 3、if possible If possible, we should check numbers again If possible, I want to become a doctor when I grow up.

第三单元课时总结
一、短语积累 Celebrate the Spring Festival 过春节 All over the world 全世界 On this special occasion 在这种特殊场合 All kinds of=all sorts of 各种各样 Be made with 有….参与制作 Be made of 由…..做成 Be made from 由…..做成 Bean paste 豆沙 Fall on 落在 Lunar month 农历月份 Light lanterns 点亮灯笼 Destroy the building 摧毁大楼 Burn down 烧毁 Fool sb 戏弄某人 Thousands of 成千上万 In the past 在过去 Decorate sth with sth 用….装饰 Light bulbs 电灯泡 In many shapes/sizes 形状、大小各异 In recent years=recently 最近 Take part in=participate in=join in 参加 Fill out the form 填表 Wash away 冲走 Splash the car 洗车 Police on duty 值班警察 Be related to 与…..有关 Be linked to 与…..有关 Be connected with 与…..有关 Operate on sb 给某人做手术 Put out the forest fire 扑灭森林大火 Make a speech about 做有关…..的报告 Have hot pot 吃火锅 Go abroad 出国 Job with good salary/wage 高薪工作 A bunch of flowers 一束花 Pass the examinations 通过考试 Win a match/ competition 比赛获胜 Get married with sb 与某人结婚 Marry sb 嫁给某人 Well done=good job 干得好 Be about to do sth 将要做某事 Celebrate the marriage ceremony 婚礼庆典 On religious occasion 宗教场合 Get an invitation to 收到邀请去…. Ought to do=should do 应该做某事 Attend the reception 出席招待会 At the entrance/exit 在出口、入口处 The entrance/exit to….的出口、入口 The answer to…..的答案 The key to…..的关键、钥匙 Raise money for 为…筹钱 Donate money to 为….捐钱 Contribute sth to 贡献….. A symbol/mark of….的标志 Symbolize/mark sth 象征、标志着…… Last through the night 一整晚 Give advice to sb 给某人建议 Agree with sb 同意某人 Agree on sth 同意某事 On the envelope 在信封上

Open the year calendar 翻开日历 Carol service 圣歌 Make snowman 堆雪人 Have snowball fights 打雪仗 Put up 竖起、装饰 Stay awake 保持清醒 Stay up late 熬夜 As…..as possible/you can 尽可能 Swallow food 吞咽食物 Laugh at sb 嘲笑某人 Look down on/upon 看不起某人 By bedtime 睡觉时间 Turn off 关掉 As soon as 一……就….. Fall asleep 入睡 Fall into a deep sleep 睡得很沉 Have a shower=take a bath 洗澡 Put on 穿上 Take off 脱掉 Are you joking 开什么玩笑! Hold a party 举行聚会

Put out the mat 铺开毛毯 Fry food 煎食物 Take photos 照相 Complain to sb about sth 向某人抱怨某事 Be in a mess 一团糟 Harvest the crops 收割庄稼 Dance in costumes 盛装跳舞 Invade sp 入侵某地 Adopt the proposition 采纳提议 Adopt an orphan 收养孤儿 Make a bonfire 点燃篝火 Dress up 打扮 Frighten away 吓走 Go from door to door 串门 Collect information about 收集…的信息 Thorough cleaning 大扫除 the festival atmosphere 节日气氛 last for 3 days 持续三天 family gathering 大团圆 be supposed to do 应该做某事 thank you for doing sth 多谢某人做某事

重点句型 1、as …… as possible/you can (1)、 For the limited time, I have to be there as soon as possible (2)、To catch the early bus, you have to arrive at the bus station as soon as you can. (3)、The baby is sleeping, you ought to keep as quiet as possible/you can. 2、fall on (1)、The spring festival falls on the first day of the first lunar month. (2)、The burden would then fall on the Europeans. (3)、Much of the losses will fall on public spending.

第四单元课时总结
基础短语
Virtual reality 虚拟现实 Make suggestions 提出建议 Make predictions about 预测 Make up for 弥补;组成;化妆;整理;占比 Come true 实现 In one’s lifetime 在某人一生中 Science fiction 科幻小说 Artificial satellite 人造飞船 Global warming 全球变暖 In secret=secretly 秘密的 Be in the secret 知情,了解 Do harm to sth=harm sth 伤害…… Go wrong 出错 Do wrong to sb 冤枉某人 Find out 找出,查明,发现 Figure out 解决,算出,想到,理解 Work out 计算出,弄明白 Affect one’s life 影响某人生活 In the past/last few years 在过去几年 Be related to/with 与……相关

Be linked to 与……相关 Be connected with/to 与……相关 Be relevant to 与……相关 Be pessimistic about 对….悲观 Be optimistic about 对…..乐观 Commit crimes 犯罪 Get into 进入 In the near future 在不久的将来 Cause chaos 制造混乱 Book tickets 订票 All sorts of=all kinds of 各种各样 A huge growth in sth…..的快速增长 Get entertainment from 从….获得娱乐 With the increasing use of 随着….大量使用 An expert on sth…..的专家 Take actions to do 采取措施 Take measures to do 采取措施 Get worse and worse 变得更糟 Get in touch with 与…..保持联系 Keep in touch with 与…..保持联系 Fancy doing sth 喜欢做某事 Hang on=hold on 不挂断 Hang around with sb 与….鬼混 Feel stressed 有压力 Be up to 忙些什么 It depends on sth 由…..确定 Go camping 去野营 Help sb with sth 帮助某人做 Website address 网址 What’s more 另外 Get to the destination 去目的地 In the flesh=in person 亲自 The historical sites 历史遗迹 Pack a suitcase 收拾行李 Imagine doing sth 想像做某事 Dip your toe in the sea 把脚伸到海里 Go on a trip/tour 去旅游 A world-famous university 世界著名大学 Just the same 和…..一样 Have a population of 人口数为….. Be located in/on 位于 People of many different cultures 不同文化背 重点句型 1、I find it+adj

景的人 Go back=date back 追溯到 Settle down 定居 For some time 一段时间 Nuclear-free zone 无核区 Protest against 对….的反抗 Anywhere else 别的地方 (a)Plenty of=plenties of 许多 Average temperature 平均温度 Regular international flights 定期国际航班 Take over 接管 Make an arrangement for 安排 Make a mistake 犯错 Make a phone call 打电话 Arrange for sb to do sth 安排某人做某事 Official head of state 国家元首 Give the vote to sb 给予…..选举权 Old age pensions 养老金 Consist of=be made of= is comprised of 由….. 组成 A higher rainfall 更多的降雨量 Cut off 分割 Be unique to 为….所特有 Outdoor life 户外活动 Be successful at 擅长 Beautiful scenery 优美景点 Scenery spot 景点 Old forests 原始森林 Wonderful hot springs 温泉 Do research on sth 做….的研究 Do sth for the purpose that 做….为了 Look forward to doing sth 盼望做某事 Receive your replies 收到回复 Surf the internet 上网 Give up sth/doing sth 放弃做某事 Keep up-to-date 与时俱进 It is convenient to you 在你方便的时候 Search for=look for 寻找 Keep contact with sb 与….保持联系 Contact sb 联系某人 Chat with each other 彼此交流 Communicate with sb 与某人交谈

I find it hard to imagine how hard-working you are. I find it difficult to solve the problem. 2、You are wrong, aren’t you? He is very tired, isn’t he? He never goes to the cinema, does he? I don’t think he is handsome, is he? I don’t think he can solve the problem, can he?


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