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外研版高中英语必修1-5短语


Book 1 Module 1 与某物相似 在……方面相似 对某人的态度 远离;远远不;完全不 把某人介绍给某人 开心,玩得高兴 嘲弄;取笑 对某人/事热心 热情地 指导某人做某事 按照说明 在某人的指导下 换句话说 简言之;总之 期望某物 盼望/期待做某事 A 对 B 印象深刻 使某人铭记某事 某事给某人留下深刻印象 取得进步 对某人失望 介意做某事 在屏幕上 被分成 把某物分

成(若干部分) 把 A 与 B 分开 一点儿不像,丝毫不像 用有趣的方式 感到厌倦 感到做某事快乐 A 也是如此

1. be similar to sth. be similar in … 2. attitude to/towards sb. 3. far from 4. introduce..sb.. to..sb. 5. have fun = have a good time make fun of 6. be enthusiastic about sb./sth. With enthusiasm = enthusiastically 7. give sb. instructions to do sth. follow the instructions under sb’s instructions 8. in other words in a/one word 9. look forward to sth. look forward to doing sth. 10. A is impressed with B impress sth. on sb. = impress sb. with sth. sth. have/ leave/make a deep impression on sb. 11. make progress 12. be disappointed with sb. 13. mind doing 14. on the screen 15. be divided into divide sth. into … separate A from B 16. be nothing like 17. in a fun way 18. be bored 19. feel good about doing sth. 20. So it is with A / It is the same with A

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Module 2 1. avoid doing 2. be strict with sb. be strict in sth. strictly speaking 3. admit doing 4. as a result (of... ) result in 5. prefer to do... rather than do… would rather do…than do would do… rather than do… 6. encourage sb. to do sth. 7. a couple of 8. It's up to you to do sth. 9. have problems with … 10. make sure 11. in fact 12. tell jokes play a joke on sb. 13. be patient with sb. with patience 14. the first time 15. wave one’s hands 16. “with + 复合宾语结构”指的是: with + 名词 + doing sth. with + 名词 +done with + 名词 to do with + 名词 + adj./adv./介词短语 17. sth. is true of … 18. either… or … 某种情况适用于… 或者… 或者… ; 要么…要么… Module 3 1. get on a bus get off a bus 2. get into the car
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避免做某事 对某人严格 对某事严格 严格说来,严格地讲 承认做过某事 (由于... 的)结果 导致

宁愿做 而不愿做 鼓励某人做某事 两三个 由 你决定做某事。 与…有问题 确保;确信 实际上,事实上 讲笑话 取笑某人 对某人有耐心 耐心地 第一次 挥舞双手

上(车、船) 下(车、船) 上车

get out of the car 3. take off take in take over 4、within walking distance in the distance 5、abandon oneself to sth. 6. A is short for B 7. not... any more = no more 8. out of date out of order out of danger out of work 9. refer to sth.参考;查阅;指的是 10. supply sb. with sth. = supply sth. to sb. offer sb. sth. /offer sth. to sb. provide sb. with sth. /provide sth. to/for sb. 11. pass a law break a law 12. allow/ permit sb. to do sth. allow doing sth. 13. on the coast the first visit to sw. 14. try to do try doing sth. manage to do sth. 16. at a speed of at full speed with great speed speed up 17. be patient with sb. be patient of sth. 18. give an interview to sb. have an interview with sb. 19. be exhausted from/with sth.

下(车) (飞机)起飞;脱下;取消;去掉 接纳;吸收;包括;领会 占据;接任(职位) 走路去就可以了 在远处 沉迷于某事物 A 是 B 的简写 not…any longer 过时 坏了,乱了 脱险 失业 不再……(强调动作的不再延续)

向某人提供某物 向某人提供某物 向某人提供某物 通过一项法律 违反法律 允许某人做某事 允许做某事 在海滨,在沿海 到某地的第一次参观 设法、努力做某事 尝试干某事 设法做成了某事 以…的速度 全速 以很快的速度 加速 对某人有耐心 能忍受某事 接见某人,接受某人采访 采访某人 由于某事而筋疲力尽
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Module 4 1. put up put out put up with 2. so far Up to now till now 3. get away from 4. a great many 5. a number of 6. go up go down 7. in the city of 8. be made up of be made out of 9. feel fortunate (in) doing sth. 10. make money 11. attract sb’s attention 12. have bother in doing sth. 13. starve for sth. starve to do sth. eg. It is 5 days since I bought the pen. eg. It is 3 years since she lived here. 15. This is the first time sb. have done sth. 16. exchange sth. with sb. exchange A for B in exchange for … 17. get in contact with = make contact with keep in contact / touch with sb. be in / out of contact with sb. 18. There are times when … 修建;张贴;举起;住宿 熄灭;关(灯);出版;生产 忍受;忍耐;受苦 到目前为止 到目前为止 到目前为止 摆脱 许多;大量 许多;大量 上升 下沉;坠落 在…市 由…组成 用…改制而成 做某事感到幸运 赚钱 引起某人的注意 做某事有麻烦/费事 渴望得到某物 渴望做某事 自从…到现在已经过了… 我买这支笔都 5 天了。 她都 3 年没住在这儿了。 这是某人第一次做某事 和某人交换某物 用 A 交换 B 与…交换 与…取得联系 与某人保持联系 与某人有/失去联系 有些时候…

14 It is + 一段时间 + since 从句(谓语用瞬间动词)

It is + 一段时间 + since 从句(谓语用延续性动词) 自从某个动作结束已经过了…

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Module 5 1. add... to... add to … add up sth.= add sth. together add up to… 2. expand (sth. ) into … 3. in the area of 4. be proud of = take pride in 5. be supposed to do 6. think of think about think over 7. react with 8. at the bottom of at the top (of) 9. put sth. in order 10. arrive at / come to/ draw/reach a conclusion make a conclusion in conclusion 11. keep sth. out of... keep out sth. 12. go ahead 13. mix …with… 14. take aim at sth. without aim aim sth. at sb. 15. in the form of fill in /out a form 16. find out 17. the same as 18. keep one’s balance lose one’s balance 19. to one’s astonishment
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往…加入… 增加;增添 把某物加起来 总计;总共有 (把某物)扩大成为… 在…领域 为… 感到骄傲 应该做某事 想起,记起;打算;认为 想;考虑 仔细考虑 与…反应 在…的底部 在(…的)上面 把某物按顺序排列 得出结论 下结论 最后 躲开;使某物不进入… 使某物不得入内 开始 把…与…混合 把目标瞄准某物 无目的地 用某物瞄准某人 以…的形式 填表格 查明,弄清楚 和…一样 保持平衡 失去平衡 使某人吃惊的是

Module 6 1. consist of 2. as well as well as may/might as well 3. become/be known as = be famous as be known for = be famous for be known to all 4. go down 5. come up with sth. come up 6. from that moment on from then on from tommow on 7. concentrate on/upon 8. agree with sb. agree to a plan agree on/upon sth. 9. compare... with... compare... to... 10. communicate with 11. wrap up 12. hesitate to do sth. 13. a series of 14. have /get access to sth. access to sth. 15. ask for permission 16. consist of 17. log off 18. log on 19. via the Internet 20. at the moment = be made up of 由…组成 也 (常放在句尾) 同…一样;和;同 最好,何不,还是…的好 作为…而出名 因…而著称 众所周知 下降;下沉;倒下;降低 提出,想出;赶上 某事被提出 从那时起 从那时起 从明天起 聚精会神;集中思想 同意某人的看法 同意计划 就…取得一致意见 把…与…相比 比拟;比作;与…相比 与……联系 把……包起来;穿得暖和;完成 犹豫、顾虑做某事 一系列 可以使用;可进入 接近某物的机会;进入…的权利 请求允许 由… 组成/构成 注销,退出 联机,进入 通过网络 目前

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Book 2 Module 1 1. be connected with =be related to sth. 2. take exercise=exercise 3. be crazy about go crazy 4. have a temperature/fever 5. lie down 6. begin with 7. put…into… 8. become/fall ill 9. head towards/to/for… 10. catch/get a cold 11. get flu 12. have a sweet tooth 13. get/be injured 14. return to normal 15. above normal 16. below normal 17. breathe deeply=take a deep breath 18. out of breath catch one’s breath hold one’s breath 19. keep fit/healthy 20. keep us fit/healthy 21. be fit for 22. be off work 23. be out of work 24. be at work 25. keep…away 26. at least 27. at most 28. be worried/anxious about 29. be anxious for …
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和……有联系 锻炼 迷恋 变得疯狂 发烧 躺下 以……开始 将……投入…… 生病 朝……前进 感冒 染上流感 好吃甜食 受伤 恢复正常 超过正常标准 低于正常标准 深呼吸 上气不接下气 踹口气 屏住呼吸 保持健康 保持我们的身体健康 适合 不工作,休息 失业 在上班 使离开 至少 至多 为……而担忧 渴望…

30. be anxious for sb to do 31. see sb doing 32. make sure 33. would rather do would rather sb did sth. would rather sb had dong 34. go/be on a diet 35. a bit of 36. miss school 37. pay for… 38. a free health care system 39. the problem with……… 40. have problems with… 41. pick sb up 42. be privately owned. 43. I rarely get toothache. = rarely do I get toothache. 44. This is because … 45. make a prediction 46. contribute … to … 47. Take more exercise or you will become ill. 48. I’m captain of the class team at school.

渴望 sb 做 看到 sb 正在做 确保,确实 宁愿做 宁愿某人做某事(过去时表示现在和将来的情况) 宁愿某人做某事(过去完成时表示过去情况) 节食 一点儿,有点儿 缺课 支付 免费医疗体系 …的问题 有…的问题 (用车)接某人 私人拥有 我很少牙痛 这是因为… 进行预测 把…贡献于… 多锻炼锻炼身体,否则你就会生病的。 我在学校是班级足球队的队长。

Take more exercise and you will become really fit. 多锻炼锻炼身体,你就会变得健康。

Module 2 1. be/become/get addicted to sth. 2. be in danger 3. be out of danger 4. ban sb from doing sth. ban doing 5. There is a ban on… 6. affect=have an effect on… influence=have an influence on 7. No point (in) doing sth
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对某物上瘾 处于危险之中 脱离危险 禁止某人做某事 禁止做某事 有一个关于…禁令 对……有影响 做某事没有意义

8. Develop interests 9. break into a house 10. break into tears 11. be related to sb. 12. take/follow one’s advice give sb some advice on sth. 13. in order to(句首句中),so as to(句中) 14. give up 15. share…with sb… 16. compare… to… 17. compare… with… compared with/to 18. do/make a survery 19. make a list of 20. stop sb from doing … keep sb from doing prevent sb from doing 21. against the law break the law obey the law 22. under medical treatment 23. continue to do=continue doing 24. offer sb sth=offer sth to sb 25. cause many deaths 26. illnesses (which are)related to smoking 27. die of hunger 28. die from an accident 29. This is my treat . treat sb. to sth. treat sb .as … 30. a heart attack 31. ask sb for money 32. be in pain 33. take sth. to sw. 34. leave school 35. mind doing
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培养兴趣 破门进入一个房子 大哭起来 与某人有关系/关联 听从某人建议 就某事向某人建议 为了,以便 放弃 和 sb 分享… 把…比做… 把…和…做比较 与…比 做一个调查 列一个名单 阻止 sb 做某事

违法 违法 守法 在治疗中 继续做 向 sb 提供 sth 导致许多人死亡 和吸烟有关的疾病 死于饥饿 死于一起事故 我请客 用某物款待某人 把某人视为… 一次心脏病发作 向 sb 要钱 处于痛苦之中 把某物带到某地 辍学,离开学校 介意做

36. in public 37. the public 38. set/fix a date 39. increase to… 40. increase by… 41. by this time 42. during the 1990s in the 1990’s / 1990s 43. inject …into 44. reduce to reduce by 45. I couldn’t agree more 46. That’s a good point. To the point 47. participate in 48. distract from

当众地 公众 确定一个日期 增加到… 增加了 到这时为止 二十世纪九十年代 注入 减少到 减少了 我再同意不过了 有道理 切题 参与 分心

Module 3 1. sb. is impressed with sth. = umpress sb. with sth. sth. make a good impression on sb. 2. split up 3. make/take a note of take note of = take notice of 4. compare notes with sb. 5. change… into… 6. music instruments 7. of all time 8. something wonderful 9. the rest of his life 10. go deaf 11. No way! 12. at an early age 13. a leading/top composer
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某人对某事印象深刻 某事给某人留下好印象 分裂,分割,离异/婚 记录,做笔记 注意到 与某人交换意见\与某人互道感想 把……变成…… 乐器 有史以来 很精彩的某种东西 他的余生 变聋 没门,不可能 在很小的时候 一个优秀的/首席作曲家

14. receive many prizes 15. play the violin/piano 16. have talent for… 17. show talent for a talented musician 18. lose interest in… get lost = lose one’s way be lost in thought lose heart lose weight 19. mix… with… 20. have a deep influence/effect on… 21. encourage sb to do 22. as well as ①和;同;以及 ② 之外=besides 或 in addition to 23. As time goes by/on 24. be composed of 25. if so if not if any if necessary if possible 26. 强调句型

获得了许多奖 演奏小提琴//钢琴 具有……的天赋 表现出对……的天赋 一个有天赋的音乐家 失去对……的兴趣 迷路 限于沉思之中 丧失信心 减肥 把……和……混合 对……有深远的影响 鼓励某人做……

随着时间的流逝 由… 组成 如果这样的话 如果不是这样 如果有 如果有必要 如果有可能

① It is/was + 主语/宾语/状语 + that (who) + 句子其余部分 I saw Li Ming on the playground yesterday. ② 对“… not …until…”强调,用 It is/was not until … that … He didn’t start his homework until his mother came back. ③对特殊疑问句的强调, 用特殊疑问词+ is it that + 句子其余部分 Where did he see Li Ming yesterday? → Where was it that he saw Li Ming yesterday? ①Who saw Li Ming on the playground yesterday? ②When do you go to school every day? 27. make a record keep / hold a record set a record
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录制唱片 保持记录 创记录

break a record 28. 当 way 作先行词时,用 that / in which / --

打破记录 引导定语从句

Module 4 1. tell sb. of sth. 2. aim to do sth. aim at doing sth. 4. show sb. in /out 5. take turns in turn It’s one’s turn to do sth. 6. manage to do 7. suggest doing sth. 8. be fond of 9. tell by… 10. put off 11. get tired of be tired from 13. attempt to do stn. 14. observe sb doing sth. 15. all the time 17. can’t stand 18. in one’s twenties 恭迎某人/恭送某人 轮流 依次,轮流 轮到某人做某事 设法做成… 建议做… 喜欢 从…可以看出 推迟,延期 对…感到厌烦 因…而疲倦 企图做 看到某人正在做某事 一直,总是 不能忍受 在某人二十多岁的时候 告诉某人某事 目标是做…

Module 5 1. in total = totally = in all 2. now that = since 3. believe in believe sb=believe what sb says 4. be similar to sth. 5. play a part in… 6. take part in…
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合计,总共 既然 相信(某人为人)信仰 相信某人所说的话 和…相似 在…中扮演角色,起作用 参加

7. work on… 8. send/receive messages of congratulations congratulate sb on sth. 9. land safely 10. in space 11. take photographs of=take a photograph of 12. a success/ failure a surprise 13. offer sb’s congratulations on/upon… 14. take off 18. wish…success/luck 19. look through the telescope 20. a five-day visit to China 21. succeed in doing sth. 22. come on 23. go aboard (the ship/plane) All aboard! Welcome aboard! 注意:go abroad 24. at the start/beginning of… 25. be welcome to do sth. 26. more or less 27. divide…into… be divided into… 28. concentrate (one’s attention) on/upon… fix one’s attention on/ upon fix one’s thought on/upon fix one’s eyes on/upon 29. to one’s delight be delighted with be delighted to do sth. 30. daily newspaper home news international news 31. cultural events financial reports
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从事 发送/收到贺信 向某人祝贺某事 安全着陆 在太空中 拍照 一个成功/ 失败的人,一件成功/ 失败的事 一个使人惊奇的人,一件令人吃惊的事 对…表示祝贺 起飞;脱下;请假;(事业)腾飞 祝…成功/好运 透过望远镜看过去 对中国为期五天的访问 成功地做了某事 来吧,快点,得了吧 上船/飞机 请大家上船/车/飞机 请上船/车/飞机 出国 在…开始时 可随意做(用于邀请某人做某事) 或多或少 把…分成…(把整体分成部分) 被分成 全神贯注于… 集中注意力于 集中思想于 目不转睛地注视着 使某人高兴的是 对…感到满意 很高兴做某事 日报 国内新闻 国际新闻 文化事件 财政报道

film reviews, book reviews 32. royal family Module 6 1. come out come about come to oneself come up come up with come across come true 2. fall in love with sb. be in love with sb. 3. play a part in… play the part of … 4. to one’s surprise in surprise 5. care about care for 6. (every)now and then = from time to time = occasionally = now and again = every now and again 7. martial arts masters with unusual abilities 8. be popular in… be popular with/among sb.… 9. take place=happen 10. as far…as 11. at the age of… 12. win a prize 13. argue with sb about sth argue for argue against argue sb into doing sth.
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影评,书评 皇室家族

出版;出来;发芽,开花 发生 苏醒 上升 想出(一个主意),提出 碰到,遇见 实现 爱上某人(表动作) 爱上某人(表状态) 在…中起作用 扮演…角色 令某人吃惊的是 吃惊地 关心,顾虑,在乎 照顾, 喜欢 时而,不时地 ,偶尔

有非凡能力的武术大师 在…处受欢迎 受某人的欢迎 发生 远到…, 像…那样远 在…岁时 赢得一个奖 和某人争辩某事 主张 反对 说服某人做…

argue sb out of doing sth. 14. Good for you! be good for sb. do good to sb. do harm to sb. be good to sb. It is no good doing sth. 15. What is on the box? 16. The thing is… 17. It is generally agreed that… = People generally agree (that)… It is said that … It is believed that… It is reported that … It is proved that … It is suggested that … 18. replace him/take the place of him/take his place in place of=instead of (作状语) 19. beong to sb.

说服某人不做… 干得好/真不错/真棒! 对某人有好处 对某人有好处 对某人有害处 对某人友好/和善 做某事没有好处 电视正在演什么 情况是… 人们普遍认为… 据说 人们相信 据报道 据证实 有人建议 代替/取代他 而不是,代替 属于某人

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Book 3 Module 1 1. The house faces to the south = The house faces towards the south。 = The house faces south. 2. be faced with in the face of face to face 3. get into a difficult situation get out of a difficult situation save the sicuation 4. be located in = lie in = be situated in 5. off the coast along the coast on the coast 6. work on sth. work out get to work 7. because of thanks to owing to as a result of due to 8. There+be/exist/lie/stand/appear+主语 9. two-thirds one-third 10. be covered by/with 11. be famous for 12. make… out of sth. … 13. ever since 14.(be)opposite to just the opposite 15. keep a cool head
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这个房子朝南

面临,面对 面对, 在… 面前 面对面 陷入困难的状况 摆脱困难的状况 挽回局势 坐落于 在(离开海面的)海岸上 沿着海岸 海岸上 从事某事, 做…工作;忙于 设计;制订,安排 着手于;开始工作 因为 由于;多亏了 由于 由于……的结果 由于 有,存在 三分之二 三分之一 被…覆盖 因…而著名 由..制成… 自那以后 在…对面,与…相反 恰恰相反 保持头脑清醒

16. lose one’s head 17. head for 18. in terms of in the long/short term come to terms=make terms bring sb. to terms be on good/bad terms with sb. 19. compare A with/and B eg. compare this with that compare…to… eg. compare life to a candle compare children to flowers compared with/to… eg. compared to/with her mother, she is tall. 20. have control over beyond control under control out of control in the control of lose control of 21. on the one hand… on the other hand 22. 表示倍数的四种句型: 1)This bridge is 3 times longer than that one. 2) This bridge is 4 times as long as that one This room is 3 times the size of that one. 4) A + v. …times as many/much + n.+ as B

惊慌失措,失去理智 朝着…前进 根据,从…方面来说,从…的观点 就长/短期而言 达成协议,和好 使某人接收条件 与某人交情好/不好 比较 A 和 B 把这个和那个比较一下 把……比作….. 把生命比喻成蜡烛 把孩子比作花朵 与…比较起来,较之… 对…有控制权 无法控制 被控制住 失去控制 由…控制/管理/负责 对…失去控制 一方面…另一方面 这座桥比那座桥长 3 倍。 这座桥是那座桥的 4 倍长。 这间房间的大小是那间的 3 倍。

3)A is … times the size/length/width/height/depth of B

The factory has produced 3 times as many cars as it did last year. 这个厂今年的汽车产量是去年的 3 倍。 Module 2 1. on a high/low income 2. income tax 3. with the development of under development
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高/低收入 (个人)所得税 随着…的发展 在发展中

4. take measures to do sth. make …to one’s (own)measure 5. figure out 6. up to 7. be up to=be fit for up to=be busy(in)doing sth. it’s up to sb. to do sth . 8. agree to the plan (suggestion ,proposal…) agree with sb. agree on/upon sth 9. make efforts to do sth. = make every effort to do sth. = make an effort to do sth. make an effort spare no effort with/without effort 10. make progress 11. give examples of 12. make sure 13. figure out 14. be similar to sb/sth. be similar in similarly 15. share sth. among /between sb. share sth. with sb. share (in)sth. 16. be/get close to 17. as a result of as a result result in result from 18. be of+抽象名词=be+该名词的同根形容词 eg. His advice is of value to us. = ? This dictionary is of great use. = ? What he said is of importance for you. = ?
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采取措施做某事 按某人的尺寸制作 理解 到…, 到…为止,多达 胜任,适合于 正在做…,从事于 由某人决定做某事 同意计划(建议,安排) 同意某人的观点或看法,适合 双方在某件事情上达成协议并取得一致意见 努力做某事

尽力 不遗余力 费力地/毫不费力地 进步 举…的列子 确保,查明 理解,弄明白 与…相似 在某方面相似 同样地,类似地 将某物分配给某人 与某人分享某物 共享 靠近,近,接近,即将发生 由于…的结果 结果 导致 由…引起

Module 3 1. be experienced in/at 2. sth.occurs to sb. it occurs to sb. + that-clause it occurs to sb. to do sth. 3. A good idea suddenly struck me. strike sb.+介词+the +具体部位 eg. strike him on the back hit sb in the face pat sb on the shoulder be struck by 4. bury oneself in sth. be buried in 5. pick up 6. end up 7. end up with sth. end up doing sth. come to an end 8. by the time 9. on the same latitude 10. refer to 11. on average 12. of all time 13. in ruins fall into ruin bring sb. to ruin 14. warn sb. (not)to do sth. warn sb. of sth. 15. at all not at all after all above all first of all 16. see sb.do sth. see sb.doing sth.
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在…方面有经验 某事被某人想起 某人突然想到… 某人突然想到做某事 我忽然想到一个好主意 打某人的某个部位 打某人的背 打某人的脸 拍某人的肩膀 被…所打动,被…迷住 隐居或埋头于、专心致志于某事物 埋头于,专心致志于 拿起,捡起,卷起,收听,接(人) 到达或来到某处 以某事作为结束 以做某事为结束 结束,完结 到…的时候(常与完成时连用) 在同一纬度 指代,参考 平均 人类历史上,有史以来 严重受损,破败不堪 已成废墟 毁灭某人 警告某人(不)干某事 警告某人当心某事 完全,究竟,全然,竟然 一点也不,根本不,别客气 毕竟,终究,归根到底,别忘了 最重要的是,首先,尤其是,特别是 首先 看见某人干了某事 看见某人正在干某事

Module 4 1. masses of/a mass of the masses in the mass 2. 3. 4. a weather forecast give/make a forecast = give/make forecasts cut out cut up cut of cut in cut down 5. 6. be caught in catch up with catch hold of catch sight of 7. prevent sb. (from) doing sth. = stop sb.(from) doing sth.. = keep sb from doing sth.. 8. so + 形容词或副词 + that… so + 形容词 + a(n) + 单数可数名次词 + that… so + many/few + 复数的可数名词 + that… so + much/little (少的) + 不可数名词 + that… 比较: such + (adj.) +名词+ that… 9. dig up 10. be/get caught in 11. wake up 12. advise sb.to do sth 13. one after another 14. be concerned for/about/over … be concerned with/in as far as sth.is concerned 15. complain to sb complain about/of sth
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许多,大量 群众,平民 大体而论,总体上 天气预报 预言,预报 剪除;切掉;割掉 切碎;使伤心 切断;停掉;隔绝 插嘴 砍掉;消减,降低 被困在(风、雨、雪……)中 赶上;跟上 抓住,握住 看见 阻止某人做某事

如此…以致于…

如此…以致于 挖出 突然遭到(风暴等) 认识到、意识到 建议某人做某事 一个接一个 对……关心,担心,忧虑 与…有关 就某事而言 向某人诉苦/发牢骚 抱怨某事

16. take in take away take off take on take up 17. give out give up give in give off give away 18. in a nutshell in a word in brief in short 19. if possible if any if necessary if so if ever if not

吸入(空气);欺骗;体会;收容 带走 脱下,拿掉,起飞 承担 举起,开始做;占据 分发;发出(气味、热气);发明;用尽 放弃 屈服;让步,投降 送出;发出(光等) 赠送;放弃;泄漏;出卖 简言之,概括地讲 总之,一句话 简言之 长话短说,概括起来说 如果可能 如果有的话 如果需要的话 如果是这样的话 如果曾经有的话 不这样的话

Module 5 1. 2. be equal to sth. lay stress on sth. put stress on sth. place stress on sth. 3. 4. have an influence on/upon sth. influence sb. to do sth. bring up bring down bring back bring in 5. 6. 7. It is/was a time when… be at war with.. follow/take one's advice
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等于…, 与…相等 强调某事

对某事有影响 影响某人做某事 养育,教育;提出(话题等);呕吐 使倒下,消减 恢复,使想起 收(庄稼);引进 那是一个…的时期 与…..交战 采纳某人的建议

8. 9.

travel from state to state as a result lead a … life

周游列国 结果 过…..的生活 人之初,性本善 在某些方面 …的理由是… 某事的理由是… 责任感 做某事不明智/没意义 有意义,讲的通 懂,理解 捐赠;做出贡献 就某事与某人争论 据理力争 反对 状况良好,保存的好 状况不佳,破烂不堪 有一个条件 如果,条件是,只要 (后接从句) 决不 最后,总之 得出结论

10. live a … life 11. be born good 12. in some ways 13. The reason why … is that … The reason for sth. is that … 14. a sense of responsibility There is no sense in doing sth make sense make sense of 15. make contributions to … 16. argue with sb about/over sth argue for argue against 17. in good condition in poor condition on one condition on condition that on no condition 18. in conclusion reach a conclusion arrive at a conclusion draw a conclusion come to conclusion 19. for the first time 20. no faster than = as slowly as Module 6 1. date from = date back to out of date up to date fix a date for sth
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第一次,首次 和…一样不快

起源于,追溯到 过时 最新 给某事约定一个日期

have a date with sb 2. dream of dream a…dream hold back hold one's breath hold up hold on 3. sb.spend money/time on sth. sb.spend money /time (in) doing sth. sth. costs sb. money 4. 5. 6. 7. freezing point a car crash in a sense bring an end to come to an end put/bring an end to end up with… end in… 8. be equal to

和某人约会 梦想 做一个……梦 阻挡,忍住,抑制(情感等) 屏住气 耽搁;妨碍(交通等) 坚持下去;(电话用语)请等一下,不要挂断 某人在某物上花钱/时间 在做某事上花钱/时间 某物花某人多少钱 冰点 汽车撞车事故 就某种意义而言,在某种角度上 结束 结束,停止 结束 以……结束 以…..告终 与……相等

23

Book 4 Module 1 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. have no alternative but (=have no choice but) 除……外别无选择; 只要…… alternative energy an alternative plan load … with sth. load the truck with coal be on fire catch fire set fire to sth command sb to do sth 可代替能源 替代方案 给… 装某物 给汽车装上煤 着火(强调状态) 失火(强调动作,无被动语态) 放火烧某物 命令某人做某事 免费,不花钱 负责,管理 由…负责 负责管理,负责照顾 充满 把某物固定/附在某物上 参加;和…在一起,缠着 连在…上; 附属于….; 认为某事很重要/有价值 肯定地,有把握地 某人一定/肯定做某事 确信,相信…… 确保…… 确保 某人用完了某东西 某物用完了(没有了) 依靠,信赖;取决于 指望…..,对……不怀疑 摆脱,丢掉;除去,赶走,消灭

command that… (that 从句中要用 should+动词原形, should 可省略)

10. free of charge 11. in charge of 12. in the charge of 13. take charge of 14. be charged with… 15. attach sth to sth 16. attach oneself to 17. be attached to… 18. attach importance/value to sth. 19. for sure 20. sb. is sure to do sth 21. be sure + that-clause 22. make sure of /about sth 23. make sure + that-clause 24. sb. run out of sth 25. sth. run out 26. rely on/upon 27. rely on it that… 28. get rid of =rid…of 29. with + 复合宾语结构,常用的结构形式有:

①with+宾语+现在分词(强调宾语是现在分词动作的发出者或某状态、动作正在进 行) ②with+宾语+过去分词(强调宾语是过去分词动作的承受者或动作已经发生)
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③with+宾语+形容词(强调宾语的特性和状态) ④with+宾语+副词 ⑤with+宾语+不定式(不定式动作尚未发生) ⑥with+宾语+介词短语 30. place an order 31. carry out an operation 32. be optimistic about… 33. be optimistic that… 34. in shape 35. in the shape of 36. out of shape 37. look out of 38. look out! Watch out! Be careful! Take care! 39. for a start 40. to start with = to begin with 41. from the start = from the beginning 42. on the way out 43. on the way n./pron./to doing 44. can’t…too 或 never…too 45. Not all…=All…not… 从开头, 从开始 即将被淘汰; 即将过时 即将,来到,接近 “不可能太….”, 并非所有的 “再怎么….也不过分” 首先 首先, 第一 订购 做手术 对……乐观的 对…..乐观 处于良好状态,在形状上 以….形状;呈……形 变形,走样 向……外看 小心,当心

Module 2 1. be on display be on show be on exhibition 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. permit sb to do sth permit doing sth provide sb with sth provide sth for sb sth impress sb sb be impressed by impress sth on sb 使某人铭记
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展览

允许某人做某事 允许做某事 为某人提供某物 某物给某人留下影响

= impress sb with sth 7. 8. 9. sth is impressed on one’s mind have/leave/make/ a …impression on sb be convenient to sb 某事被印在脑海里 给某人留下…的印象 对某人方便 对某人方便 做某事方便 对某事方便 到处旅游;四处走动 与…..相连, 接通 困住,动不了 穿衣 洗脸 迷路 结婚 充电 被分散 马上,一会儿 按时 及时 从前 与此同时 曾经, 一度,从前有个时期 决不,在任何时候都不 值得做…..

10. It is convenient for sb 11. It is convenient to do sth 12. be convenient for sth 13. get around=get about 14. be connected to/with 15. be stuck in 16. get dressed get washed get lost get married get charged get separated 17. in no time 18. on time in time 19. once upon a time 20. at the same time at one time at no time 21. be worth doing be worth + n. = be worthy of + n

sth. is worth doing = sth is worthy of being done = sth is worthy to be done 22. “祈使句 + and +简单句”可以改为 if 条件句 Think hard, and you’ll have an idea. = ? 23. “祈使句 + or +简单句”也可以改为 if 条件句 Listen to me, or you won’t understand. = ? 24. under construction 25. be limited to 26. in rush hours 27. react to…
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使劲想,你就会有主意。

正在建设之中 局限于….. 处于交通高峰期 对…产生反应

react with sth. 28. occur to sb 29. It occurs to sb to do sth It occurs to sb that 30. have sth done 31. keep cool keep quiet keep still keep silent 32. no way

与某物起(化学)反应 (主意或想法突然)浮现与脑中, 被想起,被想到 某人想到…… 请别人做某事 保持冷静 保持安静 不动 保持沉默 肯定不, 没门儿 (用于句首时,句子要倒装)

Module 3 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. vary in… vary from…to… vary with involve sb in… involve oneself in… be/get involved in… more than more than 100 = over 100 , more than surprised more …than… He was more an artist than a writer. 8. 9. on guard on holiday on leave on duty 10. hold up 11. hold back hold on hold down hold out 12. give away 13. give off (保持)警惕;值班,站岗 度假 休班 值班 举起,抬起,承受住,支撑 阻挡 等会儿, 坚持 限制 维持 泄露,出卖,暴露,让步,赠送,捐赠 发出(烟、光、热、气味等)
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在……方面不同 从…..到……变化 随着….而变化,因….而不同 允许某人参与 积极参与…… 被卷入到….之中 不仅仅 超过 100 十分/非常 吃惊 与其说…不如说…(强调前者)

14. give out 15. mind reader 16. make a deal 17. communicate with sb 18. be busy with sth 19. shake hands with sb 20. stare at sb/sth 21. stare into the distance 22. request sb to do sth 23. request that sb (should) do… 24. make a request for… 25. at the request of sb = at sb’s request 26. by request(of) 27. do sb a favour 28. ask sb a favour 29. in favour of 30. do sb a favor = do a favor for sb 31. lift up 32. ①up and down ②up and down = back and forth = backwards and forwards ③up and down = here and there ④up and down = to and from 33. by accident

发出;放出(消息、声音等);用完,耗尽 能看透别人心思的人 达成协议,做成交易 和某人交流 忙于某事 和某人握手 注视着某人/某物 凝视着远方 要求某人做某事 要求某人做某事 要求….. 应某人的请求 按要求 帮某人一个忙 请某人帮个忙 赞成 帮某人的忙 举起;太高;吊起 上上下下 前前后后

处处 来来往往 偶然地,无意地

Module 4 1. 2. 3. experiment with sth. experiment on sth. carry out perform conduct do
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用某物实验 对某物进行实验

an experiment

做实验

make 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. make a breakthrough convert A into/to B take the place of = replace in place of instead of a quantity of + 不可数名词, quantities of+不可数名词, 11. bring up 12. bring down bring about bring back bring in 13. search for 14. search sb/sp 15. in search of 16. as a result of as a result 17. owing to thanks to due to because of 18. the key to… the answer to the question notes to the text an end to the meeting the entrance to the building 19. export sth to 20. the second most important 21. be interested in… 22. graduate from….. 23. escape from (out of)+sp. escape from reality 24. have a narrow escape 25. a fire escape
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取得重大突破(进展) 把 A 转换成 B 取代,代替 取代,代替(介词短语) 代替,而不是(介词短语) 谓语动词用单数 谓语动词用复数 谓语动词用复数 抚育;教养,呕吐,提出(话题等) 降低 导致,引起 归还;恢复;回想 赚(钱);带进;传入 寻找 搜查某人或某地 寻求/寻找…… 由于…..的结果 因此,结果 由于…

10. quantities of+可数名词复数,

……的关键 问题的答案 课文注释 会议的结束 大厦的入口 出口某物到…… 第二重要的 对……感兴趣 从…..(地方)毕业 从某地逃脱;逃走 逃避现实 九死一生 紧急出口;安全门

26. clear up 27. be known for be known an be known to 28. earn one’s living = make a living get/gain a living 比较:live/lead a…life 29. come to power 30. take power in power out of one’s power = beyond one’s power 31. It is possible that…. 32. It’s certain that... = sb/sth is certain to do It’s certain that you’ll succeed. = ? 33. It’s likely that…… = sb/sth is likely to do

(天气)放晴;整理;收拾 因…..而出名/闻名 以……而知名,著称 为……所知 谋生 谋生 过着…..的生活 掌权;执政 取得政权 当权,执政 不能胜任,力所不及 可能…… 一定…….

可能…..

It’s likely that he is doing his homework. = ? 34. It seems that = sb/sth seems to do It seems that he knows the secret. =? 35. at war 36. be diagnosed with 37. become the voice of 38. partly because of 在交战中 被诊断出…, 患有… 成为…的代言人 一部分因为 好像……

Module 5 1. surround sb with sb be surrounded by sb in the surrounding 2. 3. a narrow escape in the distance
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用某人包围某人 被某人所包围 在周围环境 九死一生 在远处,在远方

from a distance at a distance keep sb at a distance 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. at the edge of on the edge of at least = at the least not in the least = not all at most = at the most be heavy with make a detour

从一定距离,从远处 在一定距离处,隔一段距离 对某人冷淡; 与某人保持距离 在……的边缘(侧重于在边 缘点上) 在…边缘上(侧重在边缘较广阔的地域) 至少 一点也不 至多 有大量的 绕道而行 休四周假 穿过;经历 禁止某人做某事 禁止做某事 要求去做某事 要求某人去做某事 要求某人做某事 某物需要被做 在现场,当场 敲竹杠;敲诈 偷窃,盗取 从……中得到乐趣 喜欢干….. 喜欢….. 爱好,从事

10. have four weeks off 11. go through 12. forbid sb to do sth 13. forbid doing sth 14. require to do sth 15. require sb to do sth 16. require that sb (should) do sth 17. sth require doing = sth require to be done 18. on a spot 19. rip off 20. rip sth off 21. get a kick out of 22. enjoy doing 23. be fond of 24. go in for

Module 6 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. attack sb with sth be attacked with a disease make an attack on/upon a heart attack come into existence a struggle for existence calm down sb. is unlikely to…
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用某物攻击某人 患/害病 对…发动攻击 心脏病突发 开始存在;形成;成立 生存竞争 (使)安静下来 某人不可能

9.

It is unlikely that… be likely to...

不可能…… 可能…… 与…有关,与…有联系 把…..与……联系起来 碰巧有…… 似乎有…… 好像有 幸好(幸运)做某事 发财 碰碰运气 帮助弄清楚;阐明某事 暴露,被发现,表现出来 让人知道,公布于世 谈正题;开门见山 不切正题,无关紧要 切题,中肯 正要 适用于,应用于;喜欢,偏爱 使自己适应于…… 根据 与…..有关系 为了

10. be related to 11. relate sth to sth 12. There happens to be… 13. There appears to be… 14. There seems to be… 15. have the fortune (luck) to do sth 16. make a fortune 17. try one’s fortune 18. die out 19. throw light on 20. come to light 21. bring to light 22. come straight to the point 23. beside/off the point 24. to the point 25. be on the point of 26. go for 27. adapt oneself to 28. according to 29. be connected with 30. in order to = so as to

(家族、物种)灭绝;灭亡; (习俗等)渐渐消失 (火)逐渐熄灭

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本模块重点语法 一. 情态动词 + have + p.p. 用法归纳 1. must have done sth. 肯定做了某事 (表示对过去的某事做出肯定的判断) He knew the film. He must have seen it. 2. may/might have done 可能/大概已经做了某事 (表示对过去情况的可能性推测) Tom may have bought a new pen because I don’t see the old one.. 3. can’t/ couldn’t have done sth. 不可能已经做了某事 (表示对过去情况的否定性推测) The ground is dry, so it can’t have rained last night. 4. should have done sth. 过去应该做某事(而没做) = ought to have done sth You are late. You should have come 1 minute earlier. 5. shouldn’t have done sth. 过去不该做某事(却做了) = oughtn’t to have done sth. She is crying. You shouldn’t have told her the sad news. 6. could have done sth. 7. needn’t have done sth. 本来能够做(却没有做某事) 原来不必做某事(却已经做了)

Tom has bought a new pen. You needn’t have lent him your pen. 8. would rather have done sth. 本来想做某事(却未做成) I would rather have come to help you with your English, but I was too busy at that time. 二、情态动词表推测的其他用法 1、情态动词 + 动词原形 表示对现在或将来情况的推测 2、情态动词 + be doing 表示对现在或将来正在进行的情况进行推测 3、情态动词 + have been doing 表示对过去正在发生的事情的推测

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Book 5 Module 1 1. It is obvious (to sb.) that 从句 2. confuse A with/and B 3. be confused by sth . 4. in confusion 5. compare. . .with. . . 6. compare. . .to 7. comepared to/with 8. variety of=varieties of 9. differ from sb./sth. 10. differ in. . . 11. have sth.in common (with sb./sth.) 13. have nothing/little in common with. . . 14. in common with sb./sth. 15. make a difference 16. make some difference to. . . 17. make much difference to. . . 18. make no difference to. . . 19. be similar to 20. be similar in 21. have some/much difficulty(in)doing sth. 22. have some/much difficulty with sth. 23. with difficulty 24. lead to sb.doing sth. 25. lead sb.to do sth. 26. announce sth.to sb. =announce to sb.sth 27. add. . .to. . . 28. add to 29. add up. . . 30. add up to. . . 31. make an announcement 32. at present
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对某人来说,……是显然的 把 A 和 B 相混淆 被…….搞糊涂了 困惑的;困窘地 和……比较 把……比作 和……相比(作状语) 各种各样的 与某人或某物有区别,相异 在某方面不同 和某人或某物有相同之处 与……没有/很少有共同之处 和……一样 有关系;有重要性; 对……有些关系 关系重大;有重大影响 对……没有关系 与……相似 在……方面相似 做某事有些/很多困难 做某事有一些/很多困难 困(艰)难地 使得某人做某事 使得某人去做某事 向某人宣布某事 向某人宣布某事 把……加到……中 增加 合计;加起来 总计 发表声明,通知 现在;目前

12. have a lot/much/a great deal in common with. . .与……有很多共同之处

33. make an attempt to do sth. 34. make an attempt at doing sth. 35. at one’s first attempt 36. attempt at(doing)sth. 37. in favour of 38. do sb.a favour 39. ask sb.a favour =ask a favour of sb 40. in sb.’s favour 41. refer to. . .as. . . 42. refer to 43. make (a) reference (s) to 44. now (that)+ 句子

试图做某事 试图(尝试)做某事 第一次尝试 尝试(做)某事 同意,支持,拥护 帮某人一个忙 请求某人帮忙 有助于某人 称……为…… 参考 提及,论及 由于;既然

Module 2 1. to one’s satisfaction 2. offer one’s hand 3. offer sb.sth. =offer sth.to sb. 4. show/have respect for sb.=respect sb. 5. give/send my respects to sb. 6. in all respects 7. pass by 8. pass away 9. pass down 10. pass on 11. take. . .for granted 12. take it/things easy 13. take one’s time 14. in particular 15. be particular about/over. . . 16. have an effect on. . . 17. take up 18. when 用作并列连词时,常用下列句型: (1)Sb.was about to do sth.when. . . =Sb.was on the point of doing sth.when. . . (2) Sb.was doing sth.when. . . (3) Sb.had (just) done sth.when. . .
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使某人感到满意的是 伸出手 为某人提供某物 尊敬某人 请代我向某人问好/致意 无论从哪方面来看 经过;从……旁经过 去世;(时间等)消磨掉,过去 把……一代传一代;流传 传递 认为…...理所当然 轻松,放松 慢慢来,不着急 尤其,特别地 对……讲究/挑剔 对……有影响 站好位臵以备…… 某人正要干某事时,这时……. 某人正在干某事时,这时…… 某人刚干完某事时,这时……

19. apply (to sb.) for sth. 20. apply sth.to sth. 21. apply to. . . 22. apply onesely to. . . 23. sth. require doing/to be done 24. require sb.to do sth. 25. require that. . .(should) do sth. 26. in great demand 27. meet/satisfy one’s demang(s) 28. demang to do sth. 29. demand that. . .(should) do sth. 30. in response to 31. make/give a response to 32. make/give no response to

(向某人)申请某物 把……应用于…… 适用于…… 致力于…… 某物需要被做…… 要求某人做某事 要求做某事 需求很大 满足某人的需要 要求做某事 要求某人做某事 作为……的回应 对…...做出反应 对…不予回答/理解

Module 3 1. on account of 2. on no account 3. take sth. into account=take account of sth. 4. account for 5. lie-lay-lain-lying lay – laid –laid – laying 因为 决不,在任何条件下都不 把某事考虑在内 做出解释,提出理由 平躺;位于 放臵; 产卵 躺在地上的小男孩说他的公鸡下了一只蛋。 7. get into (a) panic 8. be at/in a panic 9. be curious about 10. out of curiosity 11. satisfy one’s curiosity 12. have connection with 13. have a direct/close/strong connection with 14. have sth./nothing to do with 15. be related to 16. to one’s astonishment 17. to one’s surprise 18. to one’s excitement
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6. The boy lying on the ground lied that his cocklaid an egg. 陷入恐慌状态 在恐慌中 对……好奇,感兴趣 出于好奇 满足某人的好奇心 与…有联系/有关联 与…有直接/密切/牢固的联系 与…有关/与…无关 与…有关 令某人吃惊的是 令某人吃惊的是 令某人激动的是

19. to one’s disappointment 20. to one’s sorrow 21. to one’s joy 22. to one’s satisfaction 23. warn sb.about/of sth. 24. warn sb. Not to do sth. =warn against doing sth 25. be determined to do sth. 26. force sb.to do sth.=force sb.into doing sth 27. force sth.on/upon sb. 28. play a trick on sb. 29. make fun of sb. 30. make up 31. be/feel in the mood for(doing) sth = be/feel in the mood to do sth. 32. in a bad/good mood 33. be set in 34. set off 35. set out to do sth. 36. set about doing sth. 37. set sth.aside 38. set up 39. resemble … in…

令人失望的是 令人难过的是 令人高兴的是 令人满意的是 警告某人某事 警告某人不要做某事 决心做某事 强迫某人做某事 把…强加于某人 拿某人开玩笑,捉弄某人 嘲笑某人;取笑某人 编造;组成;和解;化妆;弥补… 有心情做某事 情绪不好/很好 以…为背景 出发;引爆,使爆炸 开始做某事 开始/着手做某事 把某物放在一边;省出; 建立;设立;创立 在…方面像…

Module 4 1. hide sth.from sb. 2. come to an end 3. put an end to 4. bring. . .to an end 5. in the end 6. date back to=date from 7. dress up 8. dress up as. . . 9. dress up in red 10. dress sb.(oneself) 11. be dress in white
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隐藏某物不让人发现;对某人隐瞒某事 完结 结束,终止 使…结束 终于;最后 追溯到,开始于 装扮;打扮 装扮成… 穿上红色的衣服 给某人穿衣 穿着白色衣服

12. make. . .with. . . 13. make. . .on. . . 14. consist of 15. give up 16. give away 17. give back 18. give in to 向… 19. give off 20. give out 21. take in 22. take off 23. take on 24. take place 25. take up 26. There is/was no need for sb.to do 27. There is no possibility that. . . … 28. There is no doubt that. . . 29. There is no point in doing sth.

用…在…做标记 在…上做…记号 由…组成;由…构成 放弃 赠送 归还;恢复健康 让步,屈服于 发出,放出(气体,气味等) 分发(试卷等),筋疲力尽 收留 脱掉(衣服);飞机(起飞) 显现;承担(工作,责任等) 发生 开始从事;继续,接下去 某人没有必要做… 不可能… 毫无疑问… 做某事没有意义

Module 5 1. retire from 2. perform one’s promise 3. perform an operation on sb. 4. have an advantage over 5. have an advantage in 6. take advantage of 7. to sb’s advantage 8. have the advantage of 9. give sb.a guarantee 10. under guarantee 11. on the increase 12. together with 13. increase by 14. increase(from…) to 15. by chance
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从…退休,从…退役 履行承诺 给某人做手术 比…有优势 在…方面占优势 利用 对某人有利 有…的优势 给某人保证/承诺 在保修期内 正在增加 加之,连用;和,与 增加了(表示增加的比率) (从…)增长到…(表示增加后的结果) 偶然的,意外的,碰巧

16. take a chance/chances 17. protest against/about/at 18. declare sth.(to be) sth. 19. declare war on/against sb. 20. declare against 21. declare for 22. declare that. . . 23. So what? 24. rise to one’s feet 25. pick up 26. That’s not the point 27. to the point 28. off the point 29. There’s no point in. . .

碰运气/冒险 反对…,抗议… 宣布某物是…,断言…为… 对…宣战 表示反对… 表示赞同 声明,郑重地说 (非正式)那又怎样呢?结果怎样? 站起身 把…扶起来;接某人;收听;好转 那不是关键;没有说到点子上 很得要领的;中肯的 离题的 干…没有用;干…没有意义

Module 6 1. protect. . .from/against. . . 2. prevent. . .from/stop. . .from/keep. . .from 3. be worthy of sth 4. sth.be worthy of being done = sth. be worthy to be done 5. on the stop 6. in good condition 7. in bad/poor condition 8. on one condition 9. on condition that 10 .on no condition 11. in danger of 12. out of danger 13. be in fashion 14. be/go out of fashion 15. take aim at 16. aim sth.at 17. aim at
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保护…免受 阻止某人做某事 值得…,配得上… 某事值得做 当场,在现场 状况良好,保存得好 状况不佳,破烂不堪 有一个条件 如果,条件是,只要 绝不 有…的危险 脱离危险 在流行 不流行/过时 瞄准 用…瞄准… 针对,瞄准;目标是做…

18. aim to do 19. be aimed at 20. involve sb.in 21. be involve in 22. focus on 23. focus one’s attention/eyes on 24. be concerned with 25. as/so far as I’m concerned 26. as far as sth.is concerned 27. stand for 28. set up 29. set about 30. set off 31. set down 32. set out

旨在做…,意欲做…,打算做… 目的是;旨在;针对 使某人卷入 涉及到,卷入,专心于 注意,集中于 把注意力/目光集中于 与…有关,涉及 就我而言,依我看来 就某事而言 代表,象征 建立;成立 散布(谣言等);开始忙碌 出发;引爆,引发某人(哭,笑) 使(飞机)着陆;放下;写下 出发;着手做(+ to do)

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