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Audi Q7 自学手册2


Service Training

Audi Q7 - Running Gear

Self-Study Programme 362

With the Q7 Audi offers a vehicle that marks a superlative new development in the sport util

ity vehicle (SUV) segment. The Audi Q7 ingeniously combines sportiness and versatility, sophisticated technology and the luxury of a premium-class vehicle. On the road it excels with the driving performance and dynamism of a sports car; off-road it redefines the benchmark in its category. The chassis of the Audi Q7 also excels with its all-round qualities.

Steel-spring suspension and twin-tube shock absorbers are designed for sporty driving and superior comfort, even off-road. Also available on request: adaptive air suspension. The combination of air suspension and an electronically controlled damping system represents the perfect synthesis of decidedly sporty handling and supreme ride comfort.

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Contents

Introduction
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4

Front axle
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5

Rear suspension
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6

Brake system
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Foot-operated handbrake . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 The active brake servo . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12

ESP
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Functions in overview / New functions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 System components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 Service work . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26

Steering / wheels and tyres
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27 Wheels overview / tyre pressure check system . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28

adaptive air suspension (aas)
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 System components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32 Vehicle ride heights / modes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38 Control response . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41 Operation and displays. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42 Service work . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47
This Self-Study Programme teaches the design and function of new vehicle models, new automotive components or new technologies. The self-study programme is not a workshop manual! All values given are intended as a guideline only, and refer to the software version valid at the time of publication of the SSP. Please refer to the relevant service literature for current inspection, adjustment and repair instructions. Reference Note

Introduction

Overview
The Audi Q7 is offered with a conventional steel-spring suspension; air spring suspension (aas) is optional. aas is standard equipment for the V10 TDI.

Tire mobility system (TMS) as standard equipment, optional folding wheel or 18" spare wheel Double wishbone rear axle with split upper wishbones

18" wheels as standard equipment; 18"-20" wheels are optional

ESP MK25E1 with active brake servo

Double wishbone front axle

Available on request: tyre pressure monitoring system Available on request: adaptive air suspension

Foot-operated handbrake Ventilated 17" and 18" disc brakes front and rear Manually adjustable and electrically lockable steering column; electrical adjustment is optional
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Hydraulic rack and pinion steering with Servotronic function as standard

4

Front axle

Overview

Upper wishbone *

Wishbone mount – Installation position: rotated through 90° *

Spring damper

Anti-roll bar

Swivel bearing *

Subframe *

Wheel bearing *

Lower wishbone – Made of aluminium

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All parts marked * are common parts used in the VW Touareg

5

Rear suspension

Overview

Spring damper – Adapted to Q7 Track rod – Lightweight construction (tailored rolled blank) Cross-member – Modified geometry due to third row of seats – Cast aluminium

Wheel bearing housing – Adapted due to larger track width (+14 mm)

Mounting bracket *

Drive shafts – Modified due to larger track width Lower wishbone *

Anti-roll bar link and fastening clamps in aluminium

Wheel bearing and wheel flange *

Subframe – Bearing has been acoustically optimised – SGR is a common part

Upper wishbone, split *

362_071 All parts marked * are common parts used in the VW Touareg

6

Brake system

Overview
Front axle Engine Minimum wheel size Brake type Number of brake pistons Brake piston diameter (mm) Brake disc diameter (mm) V8 petrol engine, V6 FSI + TDI 18" Brembo aluminium fixed caliper 6 30/34/38 350 Rear suspension V8 petrol engine 18" Brembo aluminium fixed caliper 4 28/32 358 V6 FSI + TDI 18" Brembo aluminium fixed caliper 4 28/30 330

Front wheel brakes
Ventilated brake discs are employed. Brake lining wear is monitored. The aluminium brake calipers use a monoblock construction.

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Rear brakes
Ventilated brake discs are used. Brake lining wear is also monitored at the rear axle. A servo drum brake is employed as the handbrake.

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Brake system

Foot-operated handbrake
Overview A foot-operated handbrake is used for the first time in an Audi vehicle. The technical concept was adopted from the VW Touareg. Geometric modifications were made in the area of the release handle in the dash panel and the release cable.

Bowden cable

Release handle

Handbrake pedal Servo drum brake

Brake cable 362_038

8

Foot-operated handbrake
Operating the brake The brake cable is actuated by pressing the pedal. In the pressed position, the pedal is located in place by a locking pawl, which engages in the tooth segment attached to the pedal. The locking pawl is mounted rotatably in the pedal mount. A spring presses the locking pawl against the tooth segment. The brake cable remains actuated, and the vehicle is braked.

Locking pawl

Spring Locking pawl bearing

Pedal mount Tooth segment

Pedal mount

Handbrake pedal

Brake cable 362_039

Releasing the applied brake When the release handle is operated, the locking pawl is lifted by the release lever against the spring force. The locking pawl is lifted out of the tooth segment, and the pedal is unlocked. The pedal slowly returns to its starting position against the damping force of the damper element. The brake cable is moved in the opposite direction and releases the handbrake.

Locking pawl Spring

Tooth segment Release lever Release cable

Handbrake pedal

Damper element

Brake cable

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9

Brake system

Foot-operated handbrake
Automatic adjustment Stretching of the bowden cable and settling of the bearings results in a progressive increase in backlash in the actuator mechanism. The handbrake requires adjustment to ensure proper functioning. These adjustments are made automatically in the Q7. The adjustment mechanism is attached to the handbrake pedal. The adjustment mechanism is located between the pedal and the bowden cable. Configuration with actuated handbrake: The connection between the handbrake pedal and the bowden cable is made by means of a rack. The rack is rigidly attached to the cable pull on one side. The rack is located in a control arm. This rack control arm is attached rotatably to the tooth segment. The release spring presses the control arm against the rack and locates it in position on the handbrake pedal. This makes a rigid connection between the pedal and the brake cable.

Release spring

Rack control arm

Rack

Brake cable

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10

Foot-operated handbrake
Mode of operation of the adjustment mechanism: When the release lever is operated, the handbrake pedal returns to its starting position. At the same time, the rack control arm comes into abutment with the stop. The rack control arm is then pushed upwards against the spring force of the release spring, releasing the rack. The adjuster spring pulls the rack upwards until the backlash is compensated. When the handbrake pedal is operated anew, the rack control arm is again pressed against the rack by the release spring and locates the rack in position.

Adjuster spring

Rack

Release spring

Rack control arm

Stop

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Servo drum brake When the brake cable is pulled, both brake jaws are pressed simultaneously against the brake drum by the spreader lock. As before, basic adjustment of the handbrake is made using an adjustment screw.

Brake drum

Adjustment screw Brake lever Brake cable

Spreader lock Brake jaws

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11

Brake system

The active brake servo
The task of the active brake servo is to build up brake pressure without operation of the brake pedal by the driver. This is a requirement for specific ESP control operations. Rapid pressure build-up is essential particularly for roll-over stabilisation and for ESP intervention if the vehicle is oversteering. For this purpose, pressure is built up by activating the active brake servo on the suction side of the ESP pump. The delivery rate of the ESP pump increases, allowing a more rapid pressure build-up.

Active brake servo

ESP pump

Electric motor

Rapid brake pressure build-up Wheel brake Pressure build-up by active brake servo

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12

The active brake servo
Design Compared to a conventional, passive brake servo, an electro-magnetically operated valve is integrated in the active brake servo. A proportional solenoid (continuously variable adjustment proportional to excitation current) is used to actuate the valve. The solenoid is activated by the ESP control unit. A release switch in the active brake servo recognises whether the driver has applied or released the brake. The release switch is designed as a two-way switch (NC contact and NO contact).

Membrane disc Proportional solenoid

Valve body

Master brake cylinder

Atmosphere Release switch

Working chamber

Vacuum chamber 362_045

13

Brake system

The active brake servo
Function of the release switch In the rest position or when the electronic brake servo is actuated electrically, the release switch contacts the housing of the active brake servo and closes electrical circuit 1.

Release switch

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If the driver applies the brake pedal, the actuating rod is moved. This release switch moves away from the active brake servo's housing. Electrical circuit 1 is opened, electrical circuit 2 is closed.

Actuating rod

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The active brake servo
Function of the active brake servo Non-actuated state The proportional solenoid is not energised, the brake pedal is not applied. The function of the active brake servo is determined by the sealing edges - which act as a valve - and by the disc seal. Depending on the position of the valve edges, a defined pressure builds up inside the working chamber of the active brake servo. When the active brake servo is in a non-actuated state, as described, both valves are closed by application of the sealing edges to the disc seal. In the working chamber, the vacuum provided by the vacuum supply (suction tube or pump) is applied.

Valve body sealing edge Disc seal (= outlet valve) Valve body

Atmospheric pressure

Sealing edge of armature disc seal (= inlet valve) Working chamber (vacuum) 362_048

Pressure build-up The proportional solenoid is energised by the ESP control unit. The armature is brought into abutment with the stator by the magnetic force acting against the armature spring in the direction of the arrow. The sealing edge of the armature lifts off the disc seal, and the inlet valve opens. Air under atmospheric pressure flows into the working chamber. Due to the pressure difference between the vacuum chamber and the working chamber, the membrane discs are moved in the direction of the master brake cylinder (in direction of arrow), and thus brake pressure is built up.

Armature Stator Atmospheric pressure Armature spring

Working chamber Membrane disc inlet valve open 362_049 15

Brake system

The active brake servo
Function of the active brake servo Pressure retention The electrical current in the magnetic coil is reduced. As a result, the armature spring pushes the armature away from the stator (direction of arrow). The sealing edge of the armature against comes into abutment with the diaphragm spring, and the inlet valve is closed. The partial vacuum in the working chambers remains constant, as does the brake pressure.
Armature

Stator

Armature spring

Inlet valve closed Partial vacuum 362_050

Pressure reduction If the magnetic coil is deenergised, the armature spring pushes the armature and the stator further apart. The armature pushes the diaphragm spring back over the sealing edge of the inlet valve. The outlet valve is opened. A connection is made between the working chambers and the vacuum chambers. The air flows from the working chambers into the vacuum chambers until pressure between the chambers is equalised.

Armature Outlet valve open

Stator

Armature spring

Inlet valve closed

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16

ESP

Overview
A new ESP unit by Continental-Teves with the designation Mk25E1 is used in the Audi Q7. The differences between the Mk25E1 and the current Mk60IS ESP unit employed in the current Audi A3 are as follows: – Extended functions – Uprated hydraulic pump – More powerful electric motor – Larger internal reservoirs – Active engine speed sensors with forward/ reverse travel detection and installation position recognition

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Definition of the designation Mk25E1: Mk25 E 1 = name of model series = use of linearised switch valves* as changeover valves (2x) and inlet valves (4x) = use of an integrated pressure sensor

Reference Mode of operation: refer to SSP 285

17

ESP

Function overview

Known functions integrated in existing Teves ESP systems – ABS (anti-lock braking system) – EBD (electronic brake pressure distributor) – TCS (traction control system) – EDL (electronic differential lock) – EBC (engine braking moment control) – HBA (hydraulic brake assist)

New functions – braking guard (only in vehicles with adaptive cruise control) – Trailer stabilisation system – Roll-over stabilisation – Fading Brake Support (FBS) – Brake disc wiper – Emergency brake signal – Offroad mode

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New functions
braking guard This function alerts the driver to an impending collision with a vehicle ahead. To utilise this function, the vehicle must be equipped with acc. The acc radar sensors gauge the distance to a vehicle ahead and its speed. The acc control unit processes these measured values and recognises collision hazards. The warning is issued in two stages: 1. The first warning is given by simultaneous activation of an audio-visual signal. 2. The brake pressure is built up for a short period of time. The acc control unit sends a CAN message together with the brake request to the ESP control unit. The ESP control unit activates the recirculating pump and briefly brakes the front axle. Even if acc is not activated, braking guard is active.

Early warning

Acute warning, brake pressure

Vehicle ahead brakes hard, e.g. at end of tailback

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Trailer stabilisation system This function is used in vehicles fitted with a tow bar. Slight back-and-forth swaying motion of a trailer can, in certain driving conditions, amplify to such an extent that a critical driving situation can develop. This situation usually occurs at road speeds between 75 and 120 kph. If the trailer begins to swing back and forth above this critical speed threshold, the oscillation amplitude of the trailer will increase progressively. The back-and-forth swaying motion also excites periodic oscillation of the towing vehicle about its vertical axis. These yaw movements are monitored by the yaw rate sender and evaluated by the ESP control unit . Initially, the ESP control system alternately makes brief corrective adjustments at the front axle as required. If this is insufficient, the ESP control unit instructs the engine control unit to reduce torque in order to slow the vehicle down. All four wheels are braked simultaneously by the ESP. A coupled and electrically connected trailer is detected automatically by the ESP control unit.

J220 J104

G202

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ESP

New functions
Roll-over stabilisation If the vehicle is in danger of rolling over, it is stabilised by reducing the lateral acceleration. This is achieved by massive corrective braking at the front axle. In addition, engine torque is reduced. The driver may notice some intervention, but will not yet have registered the critical driving situation (as of approx. 0.6g lateral acceleration). The ESP warning lamp flashes while ESP is active. Brake pressure is built up by activating the active brake servo and through active pressure build-up by the ESP. The active brake servo provides rapid pressure build-up on the intake side of the ESP recirculating pump. This enables the ESP to build up brake pressure very quickly.

Emergency brake signal The flashing warning lamps are activated during braking operations involving very high rates of deceleration or braking operations in the ABS operating range.

Fading Brake Support (FBS) If braking performance decreases due to low coefficients of friction between the lining and the brake disc, the ESP pump builds up additional pressure to compensate for the loss of brake pressure. This is the case when a high brake pressure is measured, but the conditions at the wheels are outside the intervention range of the ESP. The FBS function is deactivated as soon as the driver reduces the brake pressure considerably. This is not indicated.

Braking torque

Pedal force Nominal curve without fading Actual curve with fading and without ESP assistance Braking torque produced by the ESP

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New functions
Brake disc wiper If a speed signal greater than 50 kph and a windscreen wiper command (incl. also when the wiper is in intermittent mode) are present on the CAN bus, the front brake pads are applied to the brake discs approx. every 3 km for a duration of approx. 8 seconds in order to remove any water film from the brake discs. For this purpose, the ESP starts up and applies a pressure of approx. 0.8-1.2 bar. The function is not indicated to the driver. The function interval is reset whenever the brake is applied.

Vehicle speed V > 50 kph

Windscreen wiper actuation (including intermittent mode)

J104

Active brake pressure build-up at the front axle

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Brake pressure [bar]

1.2 bar 0.8 bar

8s

3 km

Time / distance

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21

ESP

New functions
Offroad mode The basic function of the Offroad mode is to optimise ESP/TCS/EDL and ABS intervention with regard to traction and braking performance on loose surfaces (offroad). The thresholds for ESP/TCS and ABS intervention are variable depending on the vehicle's road speed. Larger wheel slip values are allowed until one of the control systems is activated. The EDL function is activated even at low speed differentials.

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ESP onroad control Optimal stability

Control is speed-dependent

ESP offroad control Optimal traction

Vu Vehicle speed [kph]

V0 362_057

Activation: The mode is activated by pressing the ESP button briefly (<3s).

Display: The message "offroad" appears on the display of the driver information system; yellow ESP warning lamp is activated

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22

New functions
Offroad mode

– The trailer stabilisation system is deactivated, because oscillation of the trailer would otherwise be erroneously detected incorrectly due to the offroad surface conditions.

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– Activation of "ABS while reversing" If the vehicle is rolling backwards down a slope, the rear axle is braked less than the front axle by the EBD function. While the vehicle is reversing, the rear axle is now treated like a front axle from a braking viewpoint, and a greater brake pressure is applied to the rear axle.

362_062

– Activation of the "hill descent assist" system; The hill descent assist system assists the driver through brake activation in steep falling terrain with gradients of approx. 10-15% and at speeds up to 20 kph. The function is activated if different wheel speeds occur while driving downhill due to slippery surfaces or wheels lifting off the ground due to axle articulation on very uneven terrain. The objective is to enable the vehicle to negotiate the incline at a constant speed without any intervention by the driver.

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Note It is not possible to deactivate the ESP system in Offroad mode by pressing the ESP button.

23

ESP

System components
Hydraulic unit and control unit Compared to the Mk60, an uprated hydraulic pump is employed for the hydraulic unit. Thus, in combination with a more powerful electric motor, larger amounts of brake fluid can be conveyed in the same time. This is a necessary feature because the brake calipers in the Q7 have a much higher volumetric capacity than the brake calipers in previous Audi models. Accordingly, the internal reservoirs have also been enlarged compared to the Mk60. The control unit is bolted to the hydraulic unit in the usual manner. The terminal pin assignments are identical to those of the Mk60 series.

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Speed sensors
Active speed sensors are used in the Q7. The advantage of these sensors is that they can detect forward/reverse travel, as well as the installation position. The sensors utilise the Hall effect.

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Reference For detailed information on the design and mode of operation, please refer to SSP 285

24

System components
Brake light suppression relay Activation of the solenoid of the active brake servo produces slight movements of the brake pedal without action by the driver. Thus, the brake light switch is actuated. The switching of the brake light switch is read in by the engine control unit. The engine control unit then instructs the convenience system central control unit J393 to activate the brake lights. Control unit J393 receives the signal simultaneously from the brake light switch along a discrete line. Control unit J393 activates the brake lights if the CAN message and/or the discrete signal is/are present. However, the brake servo is also activated during corrective braking operations in which the brake light is not to be activated. In these cases, the relay suppresses transmission of the discrete signal. For this purpose, the ESP control unit switches the relay and signals to the engine control unit that it should not activate the brake lights.

F47 J533 J220 J393

F J508

Brake pedal

Brake lights Message to J220 to suppress brake light activation J104

Convenience CAN Powertrain CAN 362_065

J220 J104 J53 J393 J508 F47 F

Motronic control unit ESP control unit Data bus diagnostic interface Convenience system central control unit Brake light suppression relay Brake pedal switch Brake light switch

Note The brake light suppression relay is not included in the system diagnostics.

25

ESP

Service work
New service procedures:

Encoding of the control unit The following information is encoded: – Brake equipment – Suspension variant (aas or conventional suspension) – Engine variant – Towing attachment (not in USA)

Final control diagnostics As the last step in the final control diagnostics, all valves required for EDL operation and the ESP pump are activated. All wheels on the vehicle must be braked if the valves are functioning properly.

Data blocks The following measured values have been implemented in addition to the values known from the Audi A6: – Status of brake pressure solenoid trip switch F84 (in place of brake light switch signal) – Trailer detector – Status of handbrake (foot-operated handbrake) In the Q7 too, the coding of the ESP control unit is checked by comparing the encoding information to the information stored in the airbag control unit. The information on drivetrain type and brake equipment is compared during each initialisation (terminal 15 ON).

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Steering / wheels and tyres

Overview
Steering system A conventional hydraulic steering system with rotary vane pump, rotary slide valve and rack-andpinion steering gear is used. Depending on engine variant, steering pumps with various delivery rates are used (11cm3/revolution for V6 engines, 14 cm3/ revolution for V8 engines. The servotronic function is standard. The Servotronic II from the current Audi A8 is employed (see SSP 285). The servotronic solenoid valve is activated by onboard power supply control unit -2- J520.

Steering wheels The design and function of the steering wheels have been adopted from the current Audi A6. The geometric shape of the airbag gas ducts was adapted.

The programme includes three-spoke and fourspoke steering wheels. These steering wheels are optionally available with a leather cover, multi-function buttons, Tiptronic and heated steering wheel rim.

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Steering column A mechanically adjustable steering column is offered as standard equipment. The steering column has the same multi-disc clamping system as the steering columns used in the Audi A8 and Audi A6 (see SSP 285). The steering columns of the Q7 are also equipped with an electrical steering lock.

The steering lock has the same design and mode of operation as the steering column used in the A6. In the Q7, the complete structural unit is also attached unseparably to the steering column for reasons of anti-theft protection.

362_034b

An electrical steering column is offered as optional equipment. The electrical drives have been adopted from the steering column used in the Audi A8.

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Steering / wheels and tyres

Wheels overview

Engine

Basic wheels

Optional 18" wheels

Optional 19" wheels

Optional 20" wheels

Winter wheels

6-cylinder

7.5J x 18 ET 53 (1) aluminium forged wheel painted 235/60 R 18

8J x 18 ET 56 (3) aluminium forged wheel polished 255/55 R 18

8.5J x 19 ET 62 (5) aluminium cast wheel painted 265/50 R 19

9J x 20 ET 60 (6) aluminium cast wheel polished bicolor 275/45 R 20

7.5J x 18 ET 53 (1) aluminium forged wheel painted 235/60 R 18

8-cylinder

8J x 18 ET 56 (2) aluminium forged wheel painted 255/55 R 18 (available as optional equipment for 6-cylinder)

8.5J x 18 ET 58 (4) aluminium cast wheel painted 255/55 R 18

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Tyre pressure check system
A tyre pressure check system is available as optional equipment for the Q7. The tyre pressure check system has the same design and mode of operation as the system used in the Audi A6.

Reference For detailed information on the design and mode of operation, please refer to SSP 326

28

adaptive air suspension (aas)

Overview
The aas system in the Q7 is based on the system in the VW Touareg. With the exception of the springs and dampers, the axle components are identical to those of the steel-sprung suspension. The production control number (PR number) for the aas is 1BK.

Adaptive suspension button E388 (in luggage compartment)

Adaptive suspension control unit J197 Air supply unit with solenoid valve block

Pressure accumulator 1

Body acceleration sender, front right G342

Front right vehicle level sender G289

Body acceleration sender, rear G343

Rear axle air damper

Vehicle level sender, rear G76, G77

Pressure accumulator 2

Front axle air suspension damper

Vehicle level sender, front left G78

Body acceleration sender, front left G341

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29

adaptive air suspension (aas)

Overview
System overview of networked components

J197 Adaptive suspension control unit

Diagnostic connection

J533 Data bus diagnostic interface J345 Trailer detection control unit

J285 Control unit with display in dash panel insert J220 Motronic control unit

Powertrain CAN bus

J518 Entry and start authorisation control unit

Dash panel insert CAN Most bus J104 ESP control unit Convenience CAN Diagnostics CAN

J523 Front information control unit

J431 Headlight range control, control unit

J527 Steering column electronics control unit G85 Steering angle sender

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30

Overview
System overview of non-networked components

J197 Adaptive suspension control unit

N111 Adaptive suspension drain valve (integrated in the air supply unit)

E388 Adaptive suspension button

N148, N149, N150, N151 Suspension strut valves in solenoid valve block G76, G77, G78, G289 Vehicle level sender

N311 Adaptive suspension pressure accumulator valve in solenoid valve block G290 Compressor temperature sender

G291 Pressure sender (integrated in solenoid valve block)

N336, N337, N338, N339 Shock absorber damping adjustment valves (component part of the spring damper) G341, G342, G343 Body acceleration senders J393 Door and flap actuation signals from convenience system central control unit J403 Adaptive suspension compressor relay

Input signals

Output signals

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31

adaptive air suspension (aas)

Overview
Differences in design to the aas system in the Audi A6: – Use of two pressure accumulators instead of one – Larger air supply line cross-sections (?8mm instead of ?6mm) – All air lines are moulded parts, and not integrated the wiring harness – Partially modified design of the system components (due to different manufacturer) Differences in mode of operation to the aas system in the Audi A6: – Additional mode: "offroad" – Additional lowering of the rear axle by 45 mm below normal level for greater ease of loading – Modified control strategy – Modified operating and display elements

System components
Control unit J197 The control unit is located in the rack in the luggage compartment on the right. The control unit determines from the input signals the necessary signals for activating the damping valves, the compressor, the pneumatic switch valves and the driver information displays. The adaptive suspension control unit has the same geometry and design as the control unit used in the Audi A8. An additional input signal compared to A8 and A6 is the signal from the adaptive suspension button E388 in the luggage compartment for lowering the vehicle rear end in "load" mode.

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System components
Air suspension damper Air suspension damper are used on the front and rear axles for the Q7. The spring/damper configuration is not separate like in the A6. The air suspension dampers are identical in design and function to the dampers in the VW Touareg. The roll piston geometry and the damper setup were modified for use in the Q7. The residual pressure maintaining valves ensure that a minimum pressure of approximately 3.5 bar is maintained in the air springs even if a major leak occurs in the system.

Residual pressure maintaining valve

Auxiliary spring

Damper Air spring outer guide

Roll piston

Air spring boot CDC valve Boot

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Rear axle air suspension damper

Spring damper bearing

Residual pressure maintaining

Auxiliary spring

Damper Air springOuter guide

Roll piston

Air spring boot

Boot

CDC valve

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33

adaptive air suspension (aas)

System components
Air suspension damper CDC valve A CDC valve (CDC = continuous damping control) is used for the damping control. The fundamental difference to the CDC valve used in the A8 is that the valve in the Q7 is attached to the exterior of the damper tube.

Mode of operation If the CDC valve is not energised, the valve gate and cylinder are fixed in the position illustrated by the spring forces. In this position, damper oil can drain through a defined port cross section from the piston chamber to the equalising chamber (=medium damping forces). The armature is shifted by applying current to the magnetic coil. Thus, the port cross sections for the damper oil change. Large cross-sections, and hence low damping forces, are achieved at low activation currents (as of approx. 600 mA). High damping forces are set when the damper is activated by applying a high current (from approx. 1000 mA to approx. 2000 mA) .
Piston valve

Oil flow

Armature

Magnetic coil

Bottom valve 362_008

Note In the event of a system fault, the valve is deenergised. Thus, medium damping forces are set and the vehicle maintains driving stability.

34

System components
Air suspension damper CDC valve The air supply unit together with the valve block is attached to a common mounting bracket on the vehicle floorpan at the front right. The design and mode of operation of the air suspension damper CDC valve are identical to the unit used in the VW Touareg. The Q7 does not have a tyre inflation connection. The maximum system pressure is 16.5 bar. The maximum operating time of the compressor is determined by its temperature, which is monitored permanently by a sender, like in the A6 and A8.

Air drier

Compressor Compressor temperature sender Solenoid valve block

Vibration insulator

Pneumatic drain valve

Vibration isolator Electric motor

362_007

35

adaptive air suspension (aas)

System components
Pressure accumulators The pressure accumulators have the following functions: – Implementation of control actions (raising the vehicle level) without activating the compressor, thereby improving the quality of the interior acoustics, reducing the compressor temperature and increasing the availability of the compressor function. – Vehicle level correction after occupants exit the vehicle, after 2, 5 and 10 hours depending on requirements. – Due to much greater air volume in the system, two pressure accumulators are used in the Q7, instead of one like in the A6 and A8.

Pressure accumulator 2

Pressure accumulator 1

362_001a

The pressure accumulator is made of aluminium. The storage volumes of the front/rear accumulators are 5.2l / 4.8 l. A control operation can only be performed with the accumulator if the air pressure in the accumulator is 3 bar greater than the air pressure in the participating air spring.

If the air pressure in the pressure accumulator drops to approximately 12.3 bar while the system is active and with the vehicle's engine running and the vehicle travelling at a speed of greater than 35 kph, the compressor starts up and charges the accumulator.

36

System components
Sensors The vehicle level and the acceleration of the unsprung masses are measured by the vehicle level sender, like in the A8 and A6. The senders are identical to those used in the A8 and VW Touareg.

362_079

Like in the A8 and A6, the body acceleration sender are used to measure vehicle body acceleration (acceleration of the sprung masses). The senders are identical to those used in the A8 and VW Touareg. Two senders are installed in the wheel arches at the right left and right. A third sender is located in the vehicle interior at the rear left, at rear axle level.

362_077

37

adaptive air suspension (aas)

Vehicle ride heights
"automatic" mode In this mode, the vehicle is in its basic position. The shock absorber setup is a compromise between comfortable and sporty, and therefore is ideal for handling most driving situations on paved roads. "comfort" mode The vehicle is in its basic position; the shock absorber setup is comfort-oriented.

Normal level

362_015

"lift" mode The vehicle level is 60mm higher than in "automatic" mode, with the same spring and shock absorber setup as in "automatic" mode.

+60 mm

362_016

38

Vehicle ride heights
"offroad" mode The vehicle level is 25mm higher than in "automatic" mode. A number of ESP functions for traction improvement (see under ESP) are activated automatically. This mode was developed specially for offroad use.

+25 mm

362_017

"dynamic" mode The vehicle level is 15mm lower than in "automatic" mode . The damping control system is adapted for sporty handling.

-15 mm

362_018

"Load" mode For easier loading from an ergonomic viewpoint, the vehicle rear end is lowered at the rear axle by 45mm. It is not possible to drive the vehicle in this mode.

-45 mm

362_019 39

adaptive air suspension (aas)

Vehicle levels - modes
"Load" mode The "Load" mode can be activated with the MMI or the button in the rear of the vehicle. The function:
Lower for loading

User

Setup Car Adaptive air suspension

Vehicle wallet

– can only be activated with the MMI if all doors are closed

Trailer operation Car jack mode

ON ON

Systems

TP

TMC 12:00 AM

Version 362_020

– can only be activated by button if all doors are closed and the tailgate is open

Lift vehicle

Lower vehicle

362_021

To illustrate the active "load" mode, the vehicle symbol is replaced by the symbol shown here.

User

Car Adaptive air suspension lift off road comfort automatic dynamic

Vehicle wallet

Systems

Service 362_022

No bars are shown because the loading height is below the level which occurs during vehicle operation.

User

Car Adaptive air suspension comfort automatic dynamic

Vehicle wallet

Systems

10:25 AM

Service 362_023

40

Control behaviour
Control behaviour without trailer operation

mode

level

lift

+60 mm

0s offroad +25 mm 0s normal level automatic dynamic -15 mm 120 s 30 s 20 s 0s

comfort

motorway "load" mode

-28 mm / -35 mm* -45 mm

20 s 0s

no lift when "offroad mode" is selected waiting time before control operation

0 5

40

70

100 V [kph]

130

160

selection not possible (= greyed out) XX s * = front axle / rear axle 362_024

Control behaviour with trailer operation

mode

level

lift

+60 mm 0s

offroad

+25 mm 0s

comfort automatic dynamic

normal level

-15 mm

0s "load" mode -45 mm

0 5

35

50

110 V [kph]

130

160

it is not possible to select the higher vehicle level

362_025

41

adaptive air suspension (aas)

Operation and displays
Like in the A8 and A6, the aas is operated using the CAR and SETUP buttons as well as the MMI control button.

362_026

A new component of the MMI display is the additional indicator bar on the left adjacent the vehicle icon. The indicator bar shows the vehicle's current ride level.

User

Car Adaptive air suspension lift off road comfort automatic dynamic

Vehicle wallet

Systems Display in vehicle equipped with MMI

Service

362_027

User

Car Adaptive air suspension lift off road comfort

Vehicle wallet

Systems

10:25 AM Display in vehicle equipped with MMI Basic

Service

362_028

42

Operation and displays
A new feature is the temporary display in the centre display of the dash panel insert. The indicator bar, the target marker and the control arrows are activated in the same way as on the MMI display. This display can be selected manually with the Reset key on the wiper stalk.

Display in vehicle equipped with highline dash panel insert

362_029

Display is automatic when: – offroad mode is selected – lift mode is selected – the aas exits lift mode automatically when the speed threshold is exceeded RADIO IN + 2.5°C

Display in vehicle equipped with midline and lowline dash panel insert

362_030

Like in the A8 and A6, there are two warning lamps in the dash panel insert. The following states are indicated: Yellow warning lamp (continuous): – in load mode – in car jack mode (ride height control deactivated) – in the event of system faults – vehicle level extremely high (as of 80mm above normal level, warning lamp flashes) – during final control test and basic adjustment in service workshop Green lamp: – loading height activated – dynamic driving mode was selected (display duration: approx. 15 s) – extreme payload from 25mm below normal level (except in "dynamic" mode) Both lamps (flashing): – vehicle under extreme load (from 65mm below normal level)
362_031

43

adaptive air suspension (aas)

Function diagram

J197

J197 G76 G77 G78 G289 G290 G291 J393 G341 G342 G343 J403 N111 N148 N149 N150 N151

Adaptive suspension control unit Vehicle level sender, rear left Vehicle level sender, rear right Vehicle level sender, front left Vehicle level sender, front right Compressor temperature sender Adaptive suspension pressure sender Convenience system central control unit (for doors signal) Body acceleration sender, front left Body acceleration sender, front right Body acceleration sender, rear Adaptive suspension compressor relay Adaptive suspension drain valve Suspension strut valve, front left Suspension strut valve, front right Suspension strut valve, rear left Suspension strut valve, rear right

N311 N336 N337 N338 N339 V66 E388

Adaptive suspension pressure accumulator valve Damper adjustment valve, front left Damper adjustment valve, front right Damper adjustment valve, rear left Damper adjustment valve, rear right Adaptive suspension compressor motor Adaptive suspension button

44

362_033

Colour codes Input signal Output signal Positive supply Earth CAN bus 1 CAN-High 2 CAN-Low

45

adaptive air suspension (aas)

CAN information exchange

J197 Adaptive suspension control unit Lamp activation (4) ESP forced activation (1, 4) Level status (1) Advance announcement of level adjustment (2) Level system status (1) Current levels front right, left etc. (2, 3) Status of damping control (1)

J220 Motronic control unit Engine speed Driver torque input Current position of brake light switch Current position of brake test switch

J533 Data bus diagnostic interface Up-to-dateness of signals for mileage, time, trailer detector

J104 ESP control unit (1) ABS braking activated ESP intervention activated Current vehicle speed Lateral acceleration Longitudinal acceleration Brake pressure

J285 Control unit with display in dash panel insert (4) Mileage Date and time

J527 Steering column electronics control unit G85 Steering angle sender Steering wheel angle

J345 Trailer detection control unit Trailer detector

J431 Headlight range control, control unit (2) (receiver only)

J523 Front information control unit Selection and display of modes Activation/deactivation of trailer operation Loading height selection Car jack mode

J518 Entry and start authorisation control unit Terminal X (starting)

J217 Automatic gearbox control unit (3) (receiver only)

362_078

Powertrain CAN bus

Dash panel insert CAN

Convenience CAN

Most bus

Information sent by J197

Information received by J197

46

Service work
New service procedures: 1. Encoding control unit J197: When a control unit is replaced or flashed, it must initially be encoded before a system initialisation can be performed.

362_068

2. Final control test: The pressure accumulator test is now performed; temperature and pressure gauge readings are displayed. The warning lamps are no longer activated.

3. System initialisation: The vehicle ride heights are adapted in a modified procedure.

362_067

47

Vorsprung durch Technik www.audi.de

All rights reserved. Technical specifications subject to change without notice. Copyright AUDI AG I/VK-35 Service.training@audi.de Fax +49-841/89-36367 AUDI AG D-85045 Ingolstadt Technical status: 11/05 Printed in Germany A05.5S00.15.20

362


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