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2014 年 3 月份百题精练(2) 英语试题
第三部分:阅读理解(共 20 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 40 分) 阅读下列短文,从每篇短文后所给各题的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出最佳选项, 并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 A A policeman was questioning 3 blondes who were training to become detectives.To test their skills in recognizing a suspect, he shows the first blonde a picture for5 seconds and then hides it. “This is your suspect, how would you recognize him?" The first blonde answers, "That's easy, we'll catch him fast because he only has one eye!" The policeman says, "Well. . .uh. . .that's because the picture shows his profile." Slightly confused by this ridiculous response, he flashes the picture for 5 seconds at the second blonde and asks her, "This is your suspect, how would you recognize him?" The second blonde giggles, flips her hair and says, "Ha! He'd be too easy to catch because he only has one ear!" The policeman angrily responds, "What's the matter with you two? Of course only one eye and one ear are SHOWING because it's a picture of his profile!! Is that the best answer you can come up with?" Extremely frustrated at this point, he shows the picture to the third blonde and in a very testy voice asks "This is your suspect, how would you recognize him?" He quickly adds, "Think hard before giving me a stupid answer." The blonde looks at the picture intently for a moment and says, "Hmmmm…the suspect wears contact lenses." The policeman is surprised and speechless because he really doesn't know himself if the suspect wears contacts or not. "Well, that's an interesting answer. . .wait here for a few minutes while I check his file and I’ll get back to you on that. " He leaves the room and goes to his . office, checks the suspect's file in his computer, and comes back with a beaming smile on his face . "Wow! I can't believe it . . . it's TRUE! The suspect does in fact wear contact lenses. Good work! How were you able to make such an acute observation?" "That's easy," the blonde replied. "He can't wear regular glasses because he only has one eye and one ear." 51. Why did the policeman show a picture to the three blondes? A. To inquire about their relationship with the suspect. B. To test their potential of being detectives. C. To train them as qualified police officers. D. To show the skills in recognizing a suspect.

52. What's the policeman's attitude towards the first blonde's answer? A. Angry. B. Puzzled. C. Embarrassed. D. Satisfied. 53. What did the second blonde think of the task? A. Demanding. B. Easy. C. Ridiculous. D. Confusing. 54. How did the third blonde know that the suspect wore contact lenses? A. By coincidence. B. By random guess. C. By logical and reasonable analysis. D. By checking the file in the computer. B "When I look back on my childhood I wonder how I survived at all. It was, of course, a miserable childhood.The happy childhood is hardly worth your while."Worse than the ordinary miserable childhood is the miserable Irish childhood. And worse yet is the miserable Irish Catholic childhood." That was Frank McCourt reading the opening lines of his book Angela's Ashes, released in nineteen ninety-six. This Irish American author best known for the Pulitzer Prize-winning autobiography Angela's Ashes that recorded his poor upbringing, died of cancer on Sunday, The New York Times reported. He was 78. Born in New York City, he was the eldest of seven children born to Irish immigrant parents. Angela's Ashes was a memoir that captured an irresponsible, drunkard father with a gift for story-telling. When not drunk, his father was absent, turning his back on a family so poor, McCourt wrote, that they were reduced to burning the furniture in their rented hut to keep warm. His mother struggled to raise her many children after his father left the family. Already struggling when the Great Depression hit, the family moved back to Limerick, where they slipped ever deeper into poverty in the 1930s. Three of McCourt's siblings died of diseases worsened by hunger and the wretchedness of their surroundings. McCourt himself almost died of typhoid(伤寒的) fever as a child. In Angela's Ashes, he wrote of hunger, a home flooded with rainwater and the unbearable humiliation of seeking handouts from charities in the Irish city. But he told the story in a way that is expressive, warm and light-hearted. Frank McCourt left Ireland at the age of nineteen to return to New York City where he was born. He earned a degree in- English education and taught creative writing for nearly thirty years . After retiring in nineteen eighty-seven, he decided to write about his childhood. "Angela's Ashes" became a huge success and brought McCourt a 1997 Pulitzer Prize, the National Book Critics Circle Award and other honors. Millions of copies of the book were sold worldwide and it was adapted into a 1999 movie starring Emily Watson and Robert Carlyle. 55. What's the text mainly about? A. A brief introduction to Frank McCourt and one of his works. B. A literary review on Frank McCourt's book Angela's Ashes. C. An account of Frank McCourt's miserable childhood. D. A comment on Frank McCourt's life experience.

56. By saying "The happy childhood is hardly worth your while", the writer really means that . A. a lot of readers don't deserve happy childhood B. his childhood is not worth of others' sympathy C. his childhood is mixed with happiness and misery D. smooth childhood surely will not draw readers' attention 57. From the passage, we know Frank McCourt's father is . A. humorous and trustworthy B. alcohol-addicted but loves his family C. poor but warm-hearted D. irresponsible but gifted in telling stories 58. What does the underlined word "handouts" mean in the 6th paragraph? A. Reliefs. B. Compensations. C. Leaflets. D. Teaching materials. C Researchers at Yale, Texas A&M and Boston University predict that by 2030 urban areas will expand by more than 463,000 square miles, or l.2 million square kilometers. That is equal to 20,000 American football fields becoming urban every day for the first three decades of this century. The growth in urban areas will go with the construction of roads and buildings, water and sanitation facilities, and energy and transport systems that will transform land cover and cities globally. Recent estimates suggest that between $25 trillion (万亿) and $30 trillion will be spent on infrastructure(基础设施) worldwide by 2030, with $100 billion a year in China alone. "Considering the long life and near unavoidability of infrastructure investments, it will be critical for current urbanization-related policies to consider their lasting impacts," said Karen Seto, lead author of the study. "We have a huge opportunity to shape how cities develop and their environmental impacts." Nearly half of the increase in high-probability ----defined as greater than 75 percent ---- urban expansion is forecasted to occur in Asia, with China and India absorbing 55 percent of the regional total. In China, urban- expansion is expected to create a l,l00-mile coastal urban corridor from Hangzhou to Shenyang. In India, urban expansion will be gathered around seven state capital cities, with large areas of low-probability growth forecasted for the Himalaya region where many small villages and towns currently exist. Africa's urban land cover will grow the fastest, at 590 percent above the 2000 level of 16,000 square miles. Urban expansion win be concentrated in that continent's five regions: the Nile River in Egypt; the coast of West Africa on the Gulf of Guinea; the northern shores of Lake Victoria in Kenya and Uganda and extending into Rwanda and Burundi; the Kano region in northern Nigeria; and greater Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. "Urban expansion is concentrated in. only a few areas where there are large cities and industry," said Seto. "From the northern shore of Lake Victoria down to Rwanda is also a major hotspot of urban expansion."

In North America, where 78 percent of the total population lives in urban areas, urban land cover will nearly double by 96,000 square miles by 2030.The study also forecasts that 48 of the 221 countries in the study will experience insignificant amounts of urban expansion. " 59. As for China, the expansion of urban area means . A. $ 100 billion will be spent on infrastructure a year B. creating a coastal urban corridor from Hangzhou to Qingdao C. it will become the fastest developing country in the next decade D. it will make up 55% of the increase in urban expansion in Asia 60. According to the passage infrastructure doesn't include . A. construction of roads B. sanitation facilities C. energy systems D. land cover transformation 61 . In paragraph three the underlined word “their lasting impacts” refers to the impacts of . A.the development of cities B.urbanization-related policies C.infrastructure in vestments D.China’s expansion of urban area 62. The best title for this passage should be . A.The limitation of urban expansion B.More investment on infrastructure C. The fast development of the third world D. The future urban expansion of the world D It is "one of the few bright spots in the Chinese economy," says Zeng Ming. He is talking about e-commerce. Mr Zeng, the chief strategy officer for Alibaba, a giant Chinese Internet firm, predicts that digital transactions on his firm's platforms will top l trillion yuan ($159 billion) this year-more than Amazon's and eBay's combined . That is a bold claim, but consider what happened on Singles Sunday. Invented a few years ago by students and seized upon by digital marketers, this festival for lonely hearts falls annually on the llth day of the llth month (since l is the loneliest number) . It is like St Valentine's Day, only worse. Singletons shower each other with tender gifts: a barrage of pearls; a storm of sweets. This November llth they spent a surprising 19 billion yuan on Alibaba's online platforms-a fourfold increase on a year ago, and more than double what Americans spent online last Cyber Monday(the Monday after Thanksgiving, when retailers urge Americans to shop online) .About 100m purchases were logged, accounting for 80% of the packages shipped that day. Couriers (怏 递员) were buried in parcels. So life is good for China's e-tailers, then? Not exactly. The number of digital marketers is increasing and online sales are booming. Consumers are enjoying lower prices, better service and more variety. The problem? The pressure on profits in Chinese e-commerce is worse than in America, reckons Elinor Leung of CLSA, a broker. "Almost no one makes money," she says.

The fiercest battles are being fought between online retailers and their bricks-and-mortar(实 体的) rivals.Dangdang, a firm. that resembles Amazon,.and 360buy, another online retailer, have cut prices fiercely. Tencent, a cash-rich online giant known for its instant-messaging software, is splashing out to win market share. 360buy has also just raised $400m from investors to do the same. But it is unclear how much longer such firms can burn through capital. 63. What's the best title of this passage? A.The Ambition of Alibaba B. Fierce Competition between Retailers C. A Newly Sprung Festival for the Singles D. Chinese Booming and Developing E-commerce 64. According to Zeng Ming, this year Alibaba will . A. outweigh Amazon and eBay in worldwide influence B. rank top among all the Internet firms C. have more than 159 billion dollars' sale D. create another sales miracle just like the one on Singles Day 65. How many packages were shipped on November ll th from Alibaba's online platforms? A. About 80 million. B. About 100 million. C. About 125 million. C. About 180 million. 66. What's the author's attitude towards online retailers in China? A. Optimistic. B. Concerned. C. Sympathetic. D. Indifferent. E Nicole Delian, 17, suffers from a condition that makes her sleep up to 19 hours a day and as much as 64 days in a row. Nicole Delian is tired of sleeping. This 17-year-old teenager from North Fayette, Pa., has a rare condition called Kleine-Levin Syndrome -- or "Sleeping Beauty Syndrome" -- that makes her sleep 18 to 19 hours a day. And when she does wake up, she is often so tired out that she is in a sleepwalking state and doesn't remember doing basic things like eating, according to KDKA-TV. Nicole's sleepwalking state has been so severe that she once slept through the holidays, awaking one day in January when she finally opened Christmas gifts alongside her family, according to ChartiersValley.Patch.com. "She's never really adjusted to it," her mother, Vicki Delien told the website. "She's 17 now and it really upsets her. She's missed out on a lot." Delien told talk show host Jeff Probst that the teen has at times slept 32 to 64 days in a row, waking only in sleepwalking mode to eat. Kleine-Levin Syndrome is incredibly rare, only affecting about l,000 people worldwide, and very hard to diagnose. In Nicole's' case, it took 25 months for doctors to diagnose her, according to ChartiersValley.Patch.com, and everything from a virus, to epilepsy(癫痫) to West Nile was

mentioned, including, unfortunately, the possibility she was faking it for attention. . When a typical episode of Sleeping Beauty Syndrome begins, the patient becomes progressively drowsy (昏昏欲睡的) and sleeps for most of the day and night, waking only to eat or go to the bathroom, according to the Klein-Levin Syndrome Foundation website. "When awake, the patient's whole behavior is changed, often appearing “stupid" or childlike. When awake he experiences confusion, complete lack of energy, and lack of emotions." Patients also report that everything seems out of focus, and that they are hypersensitive to noise and light. Some patients also have intense food cravings(渴望) . The Delians did not say whether Nicole has experienced these symptoms. There is no known cure, but Nicole's family is using a combination of epilepsy and narcolepsy (发作性嗜睡病)medication to minimize the incidents to just two a year. 67. What's the reflection of Nicole's sleepwalking state? A. Being forgetful. B. Missing Christmas. C. Sleeping around the clock. D. Being exhausted and bad-tempered. 68. According to the passage, Kleine-Levin Syndrome . A. is not impossible for doctors to diagnose B. affects approximately l,000 people all round the country C. is also known as Sleeping Beauty Syndrome which only affects females D. makes those suffering this condition sleep as much as 64 days in a row without eating 69.Frorn the passage we can infer that . A. the disease will change the patients' behavior for good B. the case of Nicole has been covered several times by different media C. the.patients of this kind are more and more sleepy when the syndrome begins D. the patients of this kind become too sensitive to being exposed to any noise and light 70. According to the passage, Nicole . A. was once suspected of lying about her condition B. has a good appetite for food because of the disease C. has adapted to the condition and can well cope with it D. will be cured of the disease by using the combined medication

51—54 BBBA 55—58 : ADDA 59-62 ADCD 63—66 DCCB 67—70 AABA

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