The -ing Form as Adverbial
She jumped happily.
When she heard the news, she jumped happily.
She went to the super market to buy some eggplant.
1.作时间状语，在主句前。表示两个动作同时发 生或一个动作紧接着另一个动作。相当于when while引导的时间状语从句。
Opening the door, he turned on the light. Walking in the street, I met an old friend.
When he in opened When I walked the the door, he turned on the light. street, I met an old friend.
1.1当分词的动作完成以后，主句的动作才发生， 用现在分词的完成式表示从句的动作现发生，译 作“在…..之后”可替换为“after+v-ing”
Having heard the news, he jumped with joy. Having turned off the TVset, he began to go over his lessons.
After the turning off After hearing news, hethe TV set, he joy. began to go jumped with over his lesson.
2.作原因状语，用being+名词/形容词位于主 句前。相当于as， because， since等引导 的原因状语从句. 表示分词所发生的动作与谓语动词所发生的 动作同时发生或近于同时发生。
Being a student, you should study hard.
Being excited, I couldn’t go to sleep.
Because you are a student, you should study hard.
2.1当分词所表示的动作在位于动词所表示 的动作之前发生时，用现在分词的完成 式,having+done Having failed twice, he didn’t want to try a third time. Not having received his reply, I wrote him again.
Because he had failed twice, he didn’t want to try a third time.
3.伴随或方式状语。位于主句前或后。说明 动作发生的背景或情况。它表示分词的动作 和主句的动作同时发生。可以改为and连接 的并列句。
He sat on the sofa watching TV. He walked in the park, listening to a MP3 player.
He sat on the sofa, and watched TV.
4.条件状语。位于句首，可以改为if, unless 引导的句子。 Playing all day, you will waste your time.
Using your head, or you won’t have a good idea.
If you play all day, you’ll waste your time.
5.让步状语。一般放在句首，可以和 although, though, even if, 等转换。
Working very hard, he didn't feel a bit tired. Repeating his words many times, the teacher couldn’t make her understand what he meant.
Although he worked very hard, he didn’t feel a bit tired.
6.结果状语。通常位于句末。用分词短语作结果 状语，表示一种自然的结果，中间用逗号隔开， 且分词前常加thus, thereby, so等表示结果的副 词。 Her mother died in 1990, leaving her with her younger brother. The song is sung all over the country, making it the most popular song.
1. Hearing ________ (hear) the good news, she couldn’t help singing. 2. _____ Being(be) a League member, I should be strict with myself in everything. Entering (enter) the kitchen, she found the 3. ________ broken bowls lying on the ground
4. ________ (work) in his small room in Working
the prison, he made four pairs of shoes
5. ___________ Not knowing (not know) how to repair
it, he asked me for advice.
6. _________ Not doing (not do) the work successfully, we tried it once more.
Having written (write) carelessly, he 7. _____________
made a lot of mistakes in his exercise. 8. ___________ Having lived (live) in London for many years, she could speak very good
1. ____the house on fire, he dialed 119. A. To see B. Seeing C. Having seen D. Being seen 2. I fell down and broke two of my teeth. I wonder how many times I have to come here and get my false teeth____. A. fix B. fixing C. fixed D. to fix
3. We’re ___ to listen to her ___ voice. It’s ___ to hear her sing. A. pleased; pleasing; pleasure B. pleased; pleasant; a pleasure C. pleasing; pleased; a pleasure D. pleasing; pleasant; pleasure
4. ____a post office, I stopped ___ some stamps. A. Passed, buying B. Passing, to buy C. Having passed, buy D. Pass, to buy
5. ___ with the size of the whole earth,
the highest mountain does not seem
high at all. A. Comparing B. To compare C. Compared D. Having compared
6. Here are some new computer programs ____for home buildings. A. designing B. design C. designed D. to design 7. _____a little money, Jimmy was able to buy his mother a lovely new lamp. A. To save B. Saving C. Saved D. Having saved
8. The teacher came into the classroom _____ by his students. A. following B. to be following C. followed D. having followed 9. With the money_____, he couldn’t buy any ticket. A. to lose B. losing C. lost D. has lost
10. There was so much noise in the room that the speaker couldn't make himself ____. A. being heard B. hearing C. heard D. hear 11. The result of the test was rather___. A. disappointed B. disappointing C. being disappointed D. disappoint
Yesterday, another student and I, representing our university’s student association, went to the Capital Airport to...
From the text book
I saw several young people enter the waiting area looking around curiously.
I stood for a minute watching them and then went to greet them.
? She stepped back appearing surprised and put up her hands, as if in defense.
From the text book
Then Akira Nagata from Japan came in smiling, together with George Cook from Canada.
When Darlene Coulon from France came dashing through the door, she recognized Tony Garcia’s smiling face. They also express their feelings using unspoken “language” through physical distance
From the text book