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高中英语短语


高中英语常用词组归纳
All all by oneself 独立,单独 above all 首先,特别是,最重要的是 after all 到底,毕竟 first of all 首先 in all 总共 most of all 最最 all at once 突然,同时,马上 all of a sudden 突然 all over (the world) 遍及(全世界) a

ll right 好吧,行,情况不错 all sorts of 各种各样的 all kinds of 各种各样的 all (just) the same 尽管如此,仍旧(照样) all the year round 一年到头 all the way 从远处;自始至终 all the while = all the time = always 始终 AS(conj., adv.& pron.) as…as…与….一样 as a matter of fact 事实上 as a rule 通常 as a result 结果 as a whole 总的来说 as if(as though) 好象 as follows 如下 as for 就….而言 as(so) long as 只要 as soon as 一…就… as soon as possible 尽快 as usual 象往常一样 as well 也,还 as well as 同。 。 。 。 。 。一样 might(may) as well 不妨 so as to 以便 At (prep.) at a time 一次,每次

at breakfast 早餐时,正在吃早饭 at first 最初 at home 在家 at last 最后,终于 at least 至少 at (the) most 至多,不超过 at one time 以前,曾经 at once 立刻,马上 at night 在夜里,在晚上 at midnight 在半夜 at present 目前,现在 at times =from time to time =once in a while 有时候 at sea 在大海上,在航行 at one’s own expense 自费 at sb’s service 听侯某人的吩咐 at table 在进餐 at the table 在桌旁 at the bottom 在底端 at the end (of) 最后,尽头 at the latest 最迟 at the mercy of 在??的支配下 at the head of 在??的前头 at the moment 此刻 at the same time 同时 at work 在工作 laugh at 嘲笑 throw at 向??扔去 come / run / jump at 扑向… work hard at 努力工作(学习) By (prep.) by accident 偶然地 by air(sea, bus?)乘飞机(乘船,乘车??) by chance = by accident 碰巧,偶然地 by day(night) 在白天(夜晚) day by day 一天天地 by and by 不久 by far 得多,最最 learn (know)…by heart 记熟,背诵 by mistake 错误地,由于疏忽所致
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by all means =by any means 无论如何,以任何手段 by oneself 独自地 one by one 一个一个地 by the way 顺便说(问) by way of …途径… by turns 轮流 side by side 肩并肩,并排,一起 by the side of 在??附近 Break (v.) break away from 摆(逃)脱,脱离,破除 break down (机器、车辆等)坏了, (身体) 垮了,中断,压倒,分解 break forth 迸发,突然 break in 强行进入,插嘴,打岔,使习惯 break into 破门而入,打断,占用 break into tears / laughter 突然大哭 / 大笑 break off 突然停止(中断) ,打断,折断 break out 爆发,突然发生 break through 突破,打破 break up 分解,驱散,停课,腐蚀,散会, break the ice = break silence 打破沉默/僵局 break the law / rules 违反法律/规则 break a promise 违背诺言 break a record 打破纪录 Bring (v.) bring about 引起= cause,实现,使发生 bring down 使倒下,使下降,击落,推翻 bring forth 引起,使产生 bring in 收(庄稼) ,提出, (使)得到(收 入) ,引入,增加, bring on 使发生,引起 bring out 说明,阐明,出版 bring to an end 结束 bring up 抚养,培养,呕吐,提出 Call(v.) call at (a place) 访问(某地) call back 回电话 call for 要求,需要; 邀约(同往)接,取 call in 来访,召来,召集,请来,收回

call on(upon) 拜访/看望(某人),号召,要求 call up 给…打电话,征召(入伍) , 叫….起床,使想起(往事) call off 取消,把…叫开 Catch 1.catch a bad cold 2.catch a bus/train 3.catch fire 4.be caught in the rain/the traffic jam 5.catch hold of 6.catch one’s breath (由于吃惊,害怕等而)屏 息, 暂时停止呼吸;缓口气, 歇口气 catch one’s eye 引起注意 catch sight of 看见 catch up with 赶上(某人), 在功课等方 面赶上来 catch sb. doing Come(v.) in the years to come come into use 开始被使用 come into view 出现在眼前, 进入视线 come true how come…? = how does/did it happen?怎么 发生的?(某事)怎么解释? come about 发生,造成 come across /upon(无意中)碰到,找到, 想到,越过 come along 跟去,一道去,赶快,进展 come down 下降,下落,传下来 come into power(office) 执政,就职 come out 出来,出版,发行 come into being/ existence 产生,建立 come to 来到 (某地) , 共计, 来参加 (活动) , 谈到,恢复知觉 = come to onself come to a conclusion 得出结论 come to an end 结束 come to nothing(no good) 没有结果 (没有好 处) die die away (尤指声音、风、光)渐渐消失
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die down (物质特性和感情的) 逐渐减弱, 逐渐平息 die off (一群生物)相继死去 die out (家族, 种族) 灭绝, 死绝 (做法, 观念) 完全消失, 绝迹, 废除 die for sth. / to do sth. 迫切想得到某物/想 做某事 Do (v.) do sb.justice 公道的对待 do without 不用,不吃,不要 That will do!那就行了! do a good deed 做好事,干得好,搞好工作 do away with 消灭,清除,取消,破除 do good (to sb.) 有好处,有用处,做好事 do harm (to sb.) 有害处,不利 do sb. a favour 帮个忙 do sb. good/ harm 对某人有好处/坏处 do / try one’s best 尽力,竭力 do the deed 付诸行动,生效 do one’s duty 履行职责 do up 收拾,整理,修理,打扮,包,捆 do with 处理,对付,想,将就用 do wonders 创造奇迹 do experiment/ research do wrong (right) 做错(对) have sth (nothing)to do with 和…有(无)关 Down(adv. Prep.) bring down 使倒下,击落 break down 分解 burn down 把??烧成平地,烧光 get down to sth/ doing sth.开始认真 (做某事) hand down 把??传下来 put down 记下,镇压 tear down 拆毁,拆除 turn down 关小,调低,拒绝 down the road /street 沿这条街 For (prep.) for a while 暂时,一时 for ever 永远 for free 免费

for the moment 暂时 for one thing, for another (thing)首先,其次 answer for 为…负责 have a gift for 对??有天赋 make a plan for 为??作计划 pay for sth. 付给…的钱 stand for 代表,象征 as for / to…至于,说到 care for 喜欢,想要 change? for 用??换 fix a date for 约定??的日期 make / head for…朝…方向走去 leave / set out / start for…动身前往… send for 派人去叫、请 search for From (prep.) date from = date back to 始于,追溯到 come from be made from die from / of suffer from 患…病,受…之苦 prevent sb. from doing stop / keep sb. from doing tell…from..把…与…区别开 tell right from wrong 辨别是非 free …from ...使…免受 separate …from 把…与…分开 protect sth / sb. from 保护…是不受… from beginning to end from side to side from place to place from door to door from west to east from time to time = sometimes Give (v.) give away 捐赠, 让掉, 分发, 分送; 泄露(机密), 暴露(自己的情况) give back 还给, 归还;恢复(健康等) give on/upon 俯瞰, 对着 give over to 移交给, 移作…之用
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give place to / give way to 让位给, 转而成为 give rise to 引起 give a talk 作报告,作演讲 give birth to 生,产生 give in 让步,屈服,妥协,投降,交上来 give off (散)发出 give one’s life 献出自己的生命 give sb a hand 帮某人忙 give one’s regards(greetings) to 向…问好 give out 散发,分发 give up sth/ doing sth. 放弃,交出,投降 Get (v.) get about (消息)传开,到处走动 get along 进行,过活,相处,走开 get away 逃掉,逃跑 get away from 避免,摆脱,离开 get back 回来,收回 get close to 接近 get down 记下来,打下来,落下 get down on one’s knees 屈膝下跪 get down to 开始认真(做某事) get into the habit of 染上。 。 。 。 。 。的习惯 get hold of 拿到,找到,抓住 get in 进站,进去,回来,收进去,请来 get in touch with sb. 与某人取得联系 get off 起飞, (动身)离开,脱下(衣服等) get on (某方面)进行情况,相处,上车, get on well with 与……相处融洽 get over 克服,忍受,摆脱(疾病等) get rid of 消灭,摆脱,除掉 get round 传开,绕过,回避 get through 做完,结束,通过(电话)接通 get together 聚会,联欢 get up 起床,站起来,举办 get along with sb. 与某人相处 get around/round to sth. 找到时间做某事, 来得及做某事 get into the habit / hobby of.. 养成…习惯/爱 好

get off/on the bus/plane/train Go (v.) go ahead 开始(做某事), 开始(讲话); 往前走, 走在前面, 先走 go around (疾病)流传, (谣言)传开; 满足人人的需要, 足够分配 go back to 可追溯到 go down 下降, (价格, 价值, 水平, 质量等) 降低;下沉, 沉没;载入(史册), 传下去 go down with 因 … 病 倒 ( 多 指 突 发 病 ) 无被动 go Dutch 各付各的钱 go fifty-fifty 均分摊, 平分, 合力(做某事) go from bad to worse 越来越糟, 每况愈下 go halfway (to meet sb.) 作一些妥协让步 go into 调查, 了解, 研究; 从事(某一行业); 讨论, 细谈;进入(某种状态) go to extremes/the other extreme 走极端/ 走到另一个极端 go with 相配 go without 不吃, 没有(供享用) (常指 被迫如此) go for (无被动)攻击, 抨击, 批评; 去找(某人), 想法得到(某物) go after 追求,设法得到 go away 走开,离开 go against 违反,违背 go ahead 进行,进展,用吧,说吧,先走 go all out 全力以赴 go bad (食物等)变坏,坏掉 go by 走过,经过 go in for 爱好,从事(某种事业或活动) go on 发生,进行,进展,继续下去 go off 走开 go out 出去,熄灭,过时 go over 温习,审阅,检查,研究 go through 审阅,学习,练习,经历,经过 go up 上涨,上升
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In (prep.,adv.) in a flash 一刹那间 in a word 总之,简言之 in a hurry 匆忙地,很快地 in (actual) fact 事实上 in a sense 从某种意义上说 in a short while 不久,一会而后 in advance 事先,提前 in all 总共,总的来说 in any case 不管怎样 in battle 在战斗中 in case 如果,以防(有某种情况) in chains 上着镣铐,在囚禁中 in charge of 主管,负责 in the charge of 被??掌管(负责) in common 共同,共用 in danger 在危险中 in debt 负债,欠帐 in front 前方,正面对 in front of 在??前面 in the front of 在 (某物体内部)的前面 in full 全文地,全部地 in general = generally speaking 一般地说 in honour of 为了纪念…,为向…表示敬意 in high / low / poor spirits 兴高采烈/ 情绪低落 in love (with sb.) (和某人)恋爱,热爱 in modern / ancient times 现代, 近代/在古代 in one’s opinion 据(某人的)看法 in order to(that) 为了, 以便 in other words 换句话说 in a word = in short 总之,简而言之 in peace 平静地,安宁地 in place of = instead of 代替 in public 在公众面前,公开地 in search of 寻找 in (one’s) search for 寻找,寻求 in return 作为报答 in silence 沉默地,无声地 in short(=in a word ) 总之

in space 在宇宙空间,在太空 in the air 在空中 in the sky 在天空 in spite of 尽管 in that case 假如那样的话 in /during the course of 在??过程中 in the day = in the day time 在白天 in the future 将来,以后 in future 今后,日后 in the end 最后 in the meantime 与此同时 in the middle (of) 在??中间 in the direction of 朝着….的方向 in all directions =in every direction 朝四面八方 in time 及时地 in good time / season 及时地,适时地 in turn 轮流 in return(作为)回报 believe in 相信,信任 bring in 引进,引来,吸收 call in 召来,召集 hand in 上交,递交 hand in hand 并进,联合,手牵手 drop in 顺便走访 drop in on sb. / drop in at a place join in 参加/加入(某项活动) once in a while 偶尔,间或 play a part / role in 在…起作用 / 扮演角色 stand in line 站在队伍里 succeed in sth. / doing sth. (在…方面) 成功 take part in 参加 Keep (v.) keep a promise 遵守诺言 keep a secret 守秘密 keep watch 注意,警惕,提防 keep back 扣下,隐瞒,忍住(眼泪) keep body and soul together 维持生活 keep / bear in mind 记住,想着 keep off 避开,挡住,不接近
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keep one’s balance 保持平衡 keep on doing 继续(干) keep out 遮挡,使不入内 keep silence 保持沉默(安静) keep sb from doing sth 阻止某人做某事 keep up 保持,维持,继续(某活动) keep up with 跟上,及时了解(情况) Let let alone (用于表示接着提到的事更不可 能) 更不用说, 更谈不上 let sb./sth. alone 对某人/某事放任不管/ 置之不理 let sb./sth. be 不打搅/不干涉某人/某事 let down 把(衣服)加长,放大; 使某人失望, 失约于某人 let in 把 某 人 / 某 物 放 入 , 允 许 进 入 ; 容许, 许可 let sb./sth. off 宽恕,从轻处理;免除(责任, 处分等) ;放(枪, 炮等), 使爆炸 let out 放出, 释放;泄露, 使知道 let sb. go 放某人走, 让某人逃走 Look(v.) look about/around 环顾四周,四周寻找 look up to 尊敬 look on 观望, 旁观 look after 照顾 ,照管 look as if 看起来似乎 look back(upon)回想,回顾 look down on(upon)看不起 look for 寻找 look forward to sth. / doing sth. 盼望 look into 研究, 调查 ,了解 look like 看起来像 look on(upon)?as 把??看作 look out 查出 找出 look out (for)注意, 当心, 提防 look the same 看起来很像 look through 翻阅, 看一遍 look over (仔细)检查 look up 查找,上涨, 好转, 向上看

Make(v) make clear 说明,弄(讲)清楚 make a decision 作出决定 make a promise 答应,允诺 make a plan for 为??作计划 make a record 录制唱片 make friends (with) (和?)交朋友 make faces 做鬼脸 make fun of 和 开玩笑 make a noise 吵闹 make it a rule 总是??,使成为习惯 make one’s way to (out of) 向? 走去 (从? 走出) make ends meet 应付开支,量入为出 make room (for…)让地方 make sense 讲得通,很有意义 make sure(certain)一定要,确保,弄清楚 make…to one’s own measure 依照某人的尺寸做 make up 构成,占,编造,弥补 make up one’s mind (to do…) 下决心(做) make (good / full)use of (充分)利用 make a difference 有关系, 有 make no difference make for 向…走去/冲去, 前往 make peace make a fire 生火, 起炉子 make the most of 充分利用 make certain/ sure that… 弄确实, 一定要 做到 make out 看出, 识别, 看清楚;理解, 明白 make sth./sb. into 把…做成, 使成为, 使 变成 be made of be made from be made up of make up for Of (prep.) a bit of 少量的,一点 a bottle of 一瓶
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a glass of 一(玻璃)杯 a great deal of 很多 a handful of 少量的 a (large)number of 许多 a lot of 许多,大量的 lots of 许许多多的 a piece of 一片(张,块) a place of interest 名胜 a pair of 一双,一对 a waste of 浪费 all kinds / sorts of 各种各样的 at the head of 在??的前头 at the mercy of 在??的支配下 because of = due to / thanks to/ owing to 因为 be made up of 由??组成 be proud of 为??而自豪 be fond of 爱好,喜欢 be tired of 厌烦 die of 死于 dream of 向往,渴望,梦想 get rid of 处理,去掉 in charge of 主管,负责 in the charge of 由??掌管 in honour of 为了纪念,为向??表示敬意 instead of 代替 in the hope of 怀着??的期望 in spite of 尽管 knock out of 从??中敲出来 make fun of 取笑某人 make sure of 确定,弄清楚 make use of 利用 masses of 大多数 packs of 大量的,大部分 play the role of 扮演??角色 out of 从??向(往)外 on the point of 正要??的时候 plenty of 充足的,相当多的 remind sb of 使某人想起 run out of 用完 scores of 许多,大量

take the place ot 代替,取代 talk of 谈论,议论 think of 认为,想到,想起 take possession of 占有,拥有 On (prep.,adv.) on average 平均 on board 在船(车,飞机等)上, on duty 值日,值班 on fire 着火 on foot 走路,步行 on holiday 休假,度假 on one’s way to 在??的途中 on one’s own 独立地,独自地 on the air (用无线电,电视)播送 on TV / the radio 通过电视/ 收音机/ 广播 on the point of 正要??的时候 on watch / guard 值班,守望 agree on sth 就…达成一致 bring on 使前进,使发生,引起 carry on 继续下去 come on 来吧,赶快 congratulate ?on 祝贺 depend on = rely on 依靠,相信, 取决于 from then(now) on 从那时(现在)起 feed on 以??为主食 have?on 穿着,戴着 have an effect on 对??产生作用 insist on doing sth 坚持要做… live on 靠…为生 look down on(upon) 轻视,看不起 keep on (doing sth) 继续(做某事) move on 继续前进, pass on 传递,转移到 play a joke / trick on 戏弄(某人) spend / waste money / time on sth. Out(adv.,prep) break out 爆发,突然发生 carry out 开展,执行,实现 check out 查明,结帐 die out 消失,灭亡
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find out 找出,查出 give out 分发,散发,用完 hand out 分发 help?out 帮某人从困境中解脱 hold out 伸出 look out 留神,当心 pick out 挑出 point out 指出 put out 扑灭,关熄 run out of 用完 send out 发出,派遣 set out 发出,开始 show?out 领??出去 try out 实验 work out 算出,解决,制定出 be tired / worn out 精疲力竭 out of 从??向(往)外 out of breath 上气不接下气 out of work 失业,没工作 out of one’s reach 够不着 out of question 没问题 out of the question 不可能 Put(v.) put sb./sth. through to sb 为某人接通电话 put sb. up 向某人提供食宿 put up with sb./sth 忍受或容忍某人/某事 put away 存起来,收拾起来 put back 推迟,放回(原处) ,拨回(时钟) put down 写下来,镇压 put forward 提出,提前 put in order 整理 put into practice 付诸实施 put off 推迟,延期,关上(开关等) put on 穿(戴)上,上演,打开(开关等) put on weight 增加体重 put out 熄灭,生产,出版 put up 举(架)起,修建,张贴,留宿 send send away/off for sth. 写信索取, 邮购 send back 退还不要, 退货, 发送回来

send down = cause to go down 使下降 send for 派人去请/取, 叫; 去信索取, 邮 购 send in (向上级等) 提出, 交上去, 寄去 (投稿等) send off 发(信, 包裹), 发送(信息); (给…送 行 send on 转寄(信件)到新地址, 转送(信件) send out 发出, 发; 发出(光亮等), 长出(嫩芽 等) send out for 派人出去买/取 send to 让上(学等) send to one’s death 使…送命 send up 发射, 发出 Set (v.) set aside 储存 set back 阻碍…的进展,使受挫,延缓 set about doing 开始(着手)做 set an example 作出榜样 set down 放下,写(记)下 set fire to=set?on fire 放火,烧着 set off 使爆炸,引起,起程 set out 出发,动身,开始,着手,列举, set sail 起航 set to work (使)开始做?? set up 立(支)起来,成(建)立 Take(v.) take sth. seriously 认真对待某事 take sth. into consideration 考虑某事 take sth. lying down 承认失败 take a(one’s)seat 就座,坐下 take a look at 看一下 take a photograph (of)照一张(?的)相 take aim 瞄准 take an action 采取行动 take an interest in 对??感兴趣 take along 随身带着 take away 拿走,拿开,使离开 take back 收回,让退(货) take?by surprise 使?吃惊,出奇兵攻占
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take care 注意,当心 take care of 照顾,负责 take charge of 负责 take exercise 做运动 take?for granted 视为当然,想必是 take hold of 抓住,握住 take in 订阅,使上当,收留,吸收 take?in one’s arm (拥)抱 take it easy 别紧张,放松些 take note(notice)of 注意,理会 take notes 记录,作笔记 take off 脱掉,起飞,减(去)掉 take (a day)off 休假(一天) take office 就职,上任 take on 雇用,招收,具有(??的意思) , take on a new look 呈现一片新面貌 take one’s defeat(things)lying down 甘心失败 take (an active) part in(积极)参加 take one’s place 就座,代替某人的职务 take place 发生,举行 take the place of 代替,取代 take possession of 占有,拥有 take pride in 为??感到骄傲 take turns ( to do…) 轮流 (做) take up 开始学习,开始(某活动,空间) take up arms 拿起武器 Turn(v.) turn a deaf ear (blind eye)to 不听(不理睬) turn down 拒绝,关小点 turn in 上交,交进去,上床睡觉 turn on(off) 打开(关) turn out 结果,原来(情况是) ,产生,制造 turn over 移交,打翻,翻耕,翻阅,考虑 turn to 求助于,翻到,转到 turn up 出席,出现,开大点,查找 turn around/round 转过身 turn away 不理睬 turn back 折回, 往回走 turn into 变为, 使变为; 翻译, 译为(另种 文体)

turn over a new leaf 翻开新的一页, 重新 开始, 改过自新 turn a blind eye to 视而不见, 故意不理 turn a deaf ear to 充耳不闻 Up(adv.) break up 分解,腐蚀 bring up 教育,培养,提出,呕吐 build up 逐步实现 clear up 整理,弄清,晴(开)朗起来 come up 抬头,上来,上升 cut up 切碎,齐根切断 divide up 分配 eat up 吃完,吃光 use up 用光 fix up 安顿,修理好 give up (doing) 放弃,投降,献出 go up 上涨,上升 grow up 生长,长大 hold up 抬起,阻挡,使停顿 join up 把…连接(联合)起来 make up 编出,构成,弥补 open up 开创,开辟 pick up 接收,拾起,捡起 put up 举(架)起,张贴,留宿 round up 赶拢,使集拢 speed up 加快速度 set up 建立,创立 stay up 不睡,挺住,站立 take up 占去,占据 throw up 呕吐,吐出 turn up 到达,出现 wake up 醒来 Way(n.) all the way 从远处, 全程,一直地 ask the way 问路 by the way 顺便说(问) by way of 取道,经由 have a long way to go 还有很长的路 in a(one) way 在某种程度上 in a bad way 身体状况不好,情况不妙
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in any way 在任何(哪)方面 in every way 在各方面,以各种方式 in many ways 在很多方面 in no way 怎样也不,决不 in the (a) family way 怀孕了 in the way / in one’s way 碍事,妨碍 lead the way 带路 make one’s way to 向??走去 lose one’s way 迷路 make way for 给??让路 on the way (to) 在(去)??路上 With(prep.) agree with sb. / what-clause (但:agree to sth. / a plan, suggestion…) compare …with…把…与…相比较 compared with… (compare …to…1.比较;2. 比喻) be angry with 对??发脾气 be busy with 忙于 be fed up with 厌倦 be popular with 受…欢迎 catch up with 赶上 deal with 处理,对付 (与 how 连用),相处 do with 处理,对付 (与 what 连用) be in love with 与??相爱 get on well with 与??相处融洽 keep in touch with 与??保持联系 have trouble / difficulty / problem / fun with... start / begin with 从…开始,以…开头 Word break one’s word 不信守诺言,失信 eat one’s words 承认说错了,收回自己的话 have a word(a few words)with 和??说句 (几句)话 have a word in one’s ear 给某人说悄悄话 have words with sb. = quarrel with sb. have word 得到信息 Be + 形容词 + doing(仅两个) be busy doing sth.

be worth doing (其他形容词后都接不定式。) 常见 be + 形容词+ 介词搭配 be angry with sb. be angry at doing be angry about sth. be anxious about sth./ sb.为…担心/焦虑 be worried about be pleased / satisfied with =be content with 对…满足, 满意 be anxious for 渴望 be anxious for 渴望 be bad for 对??有害,对??不行 be busy with be convenient for 对??方便 be eager for 渴望 be famous / well-known for 因??闻名 be known as 以…而著称、出名 be fit for 合适,适合 be good to 对??有益(方便) be good / expert at 擅长于 be good for = do good to 对…有好处 be hungry for 渴望得到 be late for 迟到 be necessary for 对??有必要 be ready / prepared for 为??准备好 be sorry for 因??抱歉 be suitable for 对??合适(适合) be thankful / grateful for 因??而感激 be kind / polite / rude / friendly to be strict with sb. / in sth. be hard on sb. 对某人很苛刻 be fond of be proud of be tired of 厌倦 be tired from 因…而疲劳 be interested in be rich / high in 盛产,…含量丰富 be poor in
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be short of 缺少 be used to sth / doing be worthy of sth / doing sth. be different from 与…不同 be different in ( color, size, design)在…不同 be popular with 受…欢迎 be surprised / amazed/ frightened /shocked / astonished / at be ahead of 优于,超过 (sb.)be familiar with sth.某人对…很熟悉 (sth.) be familiar to sb.谋事为某人所熟知 be open to 对…开放 动词 + sb + of sth”的常见动词 accuse sb of sth 控告某人犯某事(罪) ,指责 某人做某事=charge sb.with sth. cheat sb of sth 骗取某人某物 cure sb of sth 治好某人的病 inform sb of sth 通知某人某事 remind sb of sth 使某人想起某情况 rob sb of sth 抢劫某人的某东西 warn sb of sth 警告某人有某情况 动名词前省略介词 in 的常用结构 be careful (in) doing sth 做某事时很小心 be busy (in) doing sth 忙于做某事 be fortunate (in) doing sth 很幸运做某事 be late(in) doing sth 做…晚了或做迟了 have luck(in) doing sth 做...有运气(走运) have difficulty(in) doing sth 做…有困难 habe trouble (in) doing sth 做某事有困难 have bother(in) doing sth 做某事费劲 have a problem(in) doing sth 做…有困难 have a good time / fun (in) doing sth 做某事很开心 have a hard time(in) doing sth 做…很辛苦 find difficulty (in) doing sth lose no time(in) doing sth 马上做某事 spend money(time) (in) doing sth 花钱(时间)做某事

waste money(time) (in) doing sth 浪费钱(时间)做某事 There is no difficulty(in) doing sth 做某事没有困难 There is no need / use(in) doing sth 做某事没有用 There is no point(in) doing sth 做某事没有意义 常用的“in+名词+of”结构 in advance of 在??前面 in interest / behalf of 为了,为了??的利益 in celebration of 庆祝 in commemoration of 纪念,庆祝 in explanation of 解释 in favour of 赞成,主张 in honor of 纪念,祝贺,欢迎 in need of 需要 in possession of 拥有 in respect of 关于,就??而言 in sight of 看得见,在看见??的地方 in support of 为了支持(拥护)?? in aid of 帮助 in case of 如果,万一,以防 in charge of 负责,管理 in defence of 保卫 in face of 面对 in front of 在??前面 in memory of 纪念 in place of 代替 in praise of 称赞 in search of 寻找,搜寻 in spite of 尽管,虽然 in view of 鉴于,考虑到 注意以下相似结构: in exchange for 作为对??的交换 in return for 作为??的报答 in addition to 加之,除??之外 in contrast to(with) 与??形成对比
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in reply to 作为对??的回报(答复) in(with)reference to 关于 in preparation for 为??作准备 in reward for 作为??的报酬 in answer to 回答,响应 in opposition to 与??相反,反对 in response to 回答,响应 in(with) regard to 关于 接不定式或动名词做宾语意思相同的动词 like to do sth/like doing sth 喜欢做某事 love to do sth/love doing sth 喜欢做某事 hate to do sth/hate doing sth 憎恨做某事 begin to do sth/ begin doing sth 开始做某事 start to do sth/ start doing sth 开始做某事 continue to do sth/ continue doing sth 继续做 can’t bear to do sth/can’t bear doing sth 不能 忍受做某事 bother to do sth/ bother doing sth 麻烦做某事 intend to do sth/ intend doing sth 想要做某事 attempt to do sth/ attempt doing sth 试图做某事 cause to do sth/ cause doing sth 停止做某事 接不定式或动名词作宾语意思不同的动词 (1) rember to do sth 记住要做某事 rember doing sth 记得曾做过某事 (2) forget to do sth 忘记要做某事 forget doing sth 忘记曾做过某事 (3) regret to do sth 后悔(遗憾)要做某事 regret doing sth 后悔(遗憾)做过某事 (4) try to do sth 设法要做某事 try doing sth 做某事试试看看有何效果 (5) mean to do sth 打算做某事 mean doing sth 意味着做某事 (6) can’t help to do sth 不能帮助做某事 can’t help doing sth 忍不住做某事 (7) go on to do sth 做完某事后接着做另一 事

go on doing sth 继续做一直在做的事 (8) want /need to do (人)需要做某事 want / need doing (物)需要被做 = want/ need to be done 只能接动名词的短语动词: put off 推迟 give up 放弃 can't help(stand) 忍不住 insist on 坚持要 feel like 想要 介词 to 结尾的短语动词要跟动名词作宾语 look forward to be/get used to object to prefer doing sth to doing sth devote…to… pay attention to refer to turn to get down to 常见须跟动名词作宾语的动词, 请记住这个词:Mepscarfid 音译为:“妹不食咖啡的”。 这是个并不存在的单词, 但它的每一个字母 都代替一个或几个只能接动名词作宾语的 动词: m—mind, miss, e--- enjoy, escape p—practise, s---suggest, stop c---consider, a—avoid, admit, allow, advise r—risk, resist f—finish, forbid i –-imagine, include d—dislike, delay, deny ? fear 的常用短语: in fear 害怕地
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(be) in fear of 害怕 for fear of/ that 担心;生怕 ? concentrate 的常用短语: concentrate on 专心… concentrate one’s mind on 专心于… 类似的短语: fix one’s mind upon focus on put one’s heart into focus one’s mind on ?surprise 常用短语: in surprise 惊讶地 to one’s surprise 使某人惊讶的是 be surprise at/to do/that 对某事感到惊讶 ?表示―穿衣‖的动作或状态的词和短语 1.表示动作的有: pull on put on dress dress sb 2. 表示状态的有: wear be in be dressed in have … on ?常见表―喜欢‖的短语和单词 like care for be keen on be fond of take delight in… ? trouble 的常用短语: have much trouble / no trouble (in) doing 在…有/没有困难 take great trouble to do 不辞辛劳做某事 put sb to the trouble of doing … 为难某人做某事 make trouble 捣乱

be in (great) trouble 惹麻烦;处在困境中 help sb. out of trouble 帮某人摆脱困境 ? end 的常用短语: come to an end……结束 put an end to 结束…… on end 竖起, 连续 in the end 终于; 最后 end up (by) doing…以……结束 make both ends meet 收支相抵 ? 表示―导致‖、―由…引起‖的短语: 1. 导致 cause sth. (to do) result in lead to 2. 由……引起 be caused by result from grow out of lie in ?表―全力以赴‖的短语: do / try one’s best spare no efforts to do take great pains to do go all out to do do what somebody can (do) to do do all somebody can (do) to do ? direction 常用短语: in (the ) direction of….朝……方向 under the direction of ...在……的指导下 follow the directions 照说明去做 ? far 常用短语: far from (being)离……要求相差很远 far from +(a place)距离某地很远 far away 遥远 so far 到目前为止; 那么远 as far as sb. knows/sees 据某人所知 by far (最高级前,比较级后)起强调作用
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? distance 常用短语: in the distance 在远处 from/ at a distance 从远处 keep sb. at a distance 于某人保持一定距离 It is no distance at all.不远 ? use 常用短语: used to do 过去曾经、常做 be used to doing …习惯于…… be used to do 被用来做…… make good/ full use of 充分利用…… come into use 开始使用…… it is no use doing …干……没有用 ?―出了什么事‖的几种不同表达 What’s wrong with….? What’s the matter with…? What’s the trouble with…? What happened (to sb.) ? ?―众所周知‖常用表达法: It is known to all that…主语从句,that 不能省 As is known to all,定语从句,置于句首 We all know (that)后接宾语从句 Everyone knows (that)后接宾语从句 , which is known to all.非限定从句,置于句末 ?表―同意某人意见‖的常用短语: agree with sb. /what sb. said agree to sth. approve (of) sth. in favour of sth. be agreeable to sth. be for sth. ―不同意‖ disagree with sb./ what sb. said object to sth. disapprove (of) sth. be against sth. ? sign 的常用短语: sign one’s name 签名 sign to sb (not) to do sth. 示意某人(不)做某事

signs of ………的迹象 ?would rather 与 prefer 的区别 1.宁愿做……而不做…… would rather do A than do B prefer A to B prefer to do A rather than do B 2. would rather 主语 + 过去式,表示―宁愿‖ eg. I would rather you came tomorrow than today. should prefer sb. to do sth./ should prefer 主语 + 过去式,表示―比较喜欢……‖ eg. I should prefer you not to go there alone. OR: I should prefer that you did not go there alone. ?trap 常用短语 be caught in a trap 落入圈套 be led into a trap 中圈套 set a trap to do sth.设圈套…… be trapped in sth.被…..所围困 ? grow 常用短语 in the grow of 在….成长中 grow up 长大; 成长 grow rich on 靠….. 变富 grow into 长成…… grow out of 由…..引起/滋生出 ? supply, provide, offer 的区别: 1.表示―向某人提供某物‖ supply / provide sb. with sth. supply / provide sth. for sb. supply sth. to sb. offer sb. sth. 2. 表示―主动提出做某事‖ offer to do sth. 3. 表示―倘使‖、―假如‖ provided / providing that = on condition that =only if 4. 表示―满足需要‖supply / meet a need. ? supply 的常用短语 in short supply 缺乏,不足
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medical/military supply 医疗/军用品 supplies of…许多 ? lack 的常用短语 be lacking in sth. 在……不足 make up for the lack of 弥补……的不足 for/by/from/through lack of… 由于…不足,缺乏 have no lack of 不缺 ?damage 的常用短语 do damage/harm to 对……有害 cause damage to 对……造成损害 ask for damage 要求赔偿 ?threaten 常用短语 threaten sb. with sth.用……威胁某人 threaten to do…威胁做…… under the threat of…在……的威胁下 ?speed 常用短语 speed up 加速 at the speed of…以…..的速度 with great speed 迅速 ?aim 常用短语 take aim at 瞄准 reach an aim 达到目的 aim at 瞄准、针对 ?permit 与 allow 的区别 表―允许做某事‖或―允许某人做某事 ‖用法基 本相同。 permit/allow doing sth. permit/allow sb. to do sth. permit /allow of sth 一般在独立主格结构中表示―时间、条件等许 可‖,多用 permit Time/Weather permitting, I’ll drop in on her. allow 还可以表示―承认‖、―考虑到‖。例如: 1. We allow him to be wronged. 2. will take an hour to go there, allowing for traffic delays. ?means 常用短语 by means of 通过….., 靠…… by this means/ in this way 用这种方法

by no means/in no case 决不 by all means 用一切办法 ?mark 常用短语 make one’s mark 成功、出名 be marked with 标明 gain/get full marks for ……得满分 ?seat 常用短语 take one’s seat 坐下 have a seat 请坐 see/find sb. seated 看见/发现某人坐在…. be seated 就座, 坐着 seat oneself in/at/on 使自己坐在…… ?部分 动词+ to + doing 的用法 look forward to get down to object to devote… to… pay attention to prefer…to… ?fit 常用短语 be fit for 适合 keep fit/keep healthy 保持健康 be fit to do 适合于….. fit in with 适应…… a nice fit 合身的衣服 …fit sb.某人穿….. 合身 ?reach 常用短语 reach an agreement 达成协议 reach for…伸手去拿/够…… within / out of reach 够得到/够不着 reach sb’s understanding 使某人明白 ?feed 常用短语 feed sth. to sb/feed sb. on sth. 用……喂养…… be fed up of…/ be tired of…/ be bored with… 对……感到厌倦 feed on 以……为食 ?mercy 常用短语 without mercy 残忍地
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have mercy on /upon 对……表示怜悯 at the mercy of 任凭摆布 beg for mercy 乞求饶恕 ? exist 常用短语 exist in/lie in/consist in 存在于…… in existence 现存的 come into existence/ come into being 形成 ? opinion 常用短语 in one’s opinion =in the opinion of sb.在某人 看来 have a high/ low opinion of 对……评价高/低 give one’s opinion on 对……谈自己的看法 ? persuade 常用短语 persuade sb. to do = persuade sb. into doing 说服某人做某事 try to persuade sb. to do 试图说服某人做某事 persuade sb. to sth.说服某人同意某事 ? engage 常用短语 be engaged to sb. 与某人订婚 be engaged in sth. = be engaged doing sth.忙于……, 从事某事 ?wide 与 broad 的区别 它们均可以表―宽‖和―广阔的‖ a river 50 feet wide/ broad 指身体部位―宽肩、宽背‖一般用 broad, 表示 ―睁大眼睛、张大嘴巴‖一般用 wide。 broad shoulders/ back with wide eyes open one’s mouth wide wide 还可以作副词,表示―完全、大大地‖ be wide awake be wide open ? sure 常用短语 be sure of/about 对……由把握 be sure to do sth. 肯定会…… make sure + that-clause 务必……,一定要…… make sure of… 弄清楚…… ? experience 常用短语 have experience in… 在……有经验 be experienced in…在……有经验

? pain 常用短语 take great pains to do 努力做某事 spare no pains to do 全力以赴做某事 ? stick 常用短语 stick to sth. 坚持…… stick …on… 粘贴…… be stuck in … 陷进…… stick no bills 请勿张贴 ? spare 常用短语 spare money/time for 省出钱…,腾出时间 in one’s spare time 在某人业余时间 spare no efforts to do 不遗余力去做 don’t spare the opinions 不要保留意见 ? put down 的不同含义 put down (one’s knife and fork) 放下…… pit down the rebellion 镇压 put down what sb. says 记下,写下 ?take up 的不同含义 take up a hobby 培养…… take up football 开始…… take up the work 继续…… take up…time/space 消耗,占据…… take up a post 就职 take up a song/ cry 跟着一起…… ? habit 常用短语 form/get the habit of 养成……习惯 be in/have the habit of 有…….习惯 get into the habit of 沾染了……恶习 get rid of the habit= grow out of the habit= break away from the habit 改掉了……习惯 hold 一词多义: 1. 召开, 举行(会议等) The Olympic Games are held once every four years. 2. 可容纳(某物/某人), 包含 Our lecture hall can hold 600 people. 3. 拿住, 抓住, 把住, 支撑住 The girl was holding her father ’s hand.那
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4. 5. 6.

7.

8.

女孩抓住她爸爸的手 She was holding an umbrella.她拿着一把 伞 She was holding the baby in her arms. 她 抱着婴儿 ( 自己 = 人或物 ) 保持在某一位置或某种 状态 Hold you head up.把头抬起来 Hold your arms out.把手臂伸出来 =have ( a belief, an opinion, a view, etc.) 怀有, 持有(某种信念, 见解, 观点等) I hold the view that the plan can’t work. 我认为那个计划不可行. =believe, consider or regard 相信, 认为, 视作 I hold that the government’s economic policies are mistaken. 我认为政府的经 济政策是错误的. Hold sb./sth. to be 认为…是… We hold him to be responsible. 我们认 为他是有责任的.

短语: 1. hold back (1) 控制(感情, 眼泪等) Jim was able to hold back his anger and avoid a fight.吉姆强忍住怒火, 避免了一场争斗 (2) =keep sth. secret 隐瞒, 扣压(消息 等) You must tell us the whole story; don’t hold anything back. 2. hold down (1) 压制, 控制,制止 Hold down that noise. (2) 使不上涨或增加, 保持较低水平 We must try to hold prices down. 3. hold on (1)(打电话时)等着, 别挂断 Hold on a minute----I’ll just get a pen.

(1) 继续(坚持)下去 Try and hold on until help arrives. 4. hold on to (1) 抓住(不放), 抓牢 (2) 保持, 不要放弃/卖掉 5. hold out (1) 坚持(抵抗), 顶住(压力) The city held out for six months under the siege. (2) 维持, 够用, 继续运转 The food supplies held out for a week. (3) 伸出 , 拿出, 提供 He held out his hand in welcome. 6. hold to 坚持(说法, 看法等), 继续(某 想法, 做法等), 遵循 4. hold sb./sth. up (usu. Passive) = delay 推迟, 使耽搁 The traffic was held up by an accident. We were held up for five minutes in a traffic jam. 9. hold one’s breath 屏住呼吸, 提心吊胆 They held their breath in fear. Know 1. be known as 作为…而出名, 被称为, 大家公认 She was well known as an excellent dancer. 2. be known for 因…而出名/著称 Hangzhou is known for its beautiful scenery. 3. be known to 为…所熟知的 He is known to everyone as a good actor. 4. know about 了解 , 知道 … 的情况 , 知道…的消息 I want to know about this thing from beginning to end. 5. know of 听说过, 知道(有…) ----Do you know Mr. Smith? ----No, but I know of him.
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6. know sb. by name 只知道某人的名字 know sb. by sight 和某人面熟 7. know sth. from sth. 能分辩… The little child doesn’t know a dog from cat leave 一词多义: 1. 离开, 前往, 出发 2. = go without taking 遗留, 忘带 He left his bag on the train. He left it where he had found it. 3. 交给…, 留给… She has left a number of books with me. · 我将把买票的事交给你. I’ll leave buying the tickets to you. I’ll leave you to buy the tickets. I’ll leave it to you to buy the tickets. 4. 剩 下 , 留 下 来 ( 不 用 , 不 吃 , 不 拿 等 ) (多用过去分词) How much time is there left? Three from seven leaves four. (7-3=4) If you take three from seven, four is left. 5. 听任其在某处, 使保持某一状态 leave + O + 分词 Did you leave the doors and windows firmly fastened? He hurried to school, leaving the breakfast unfinished. Don’t leave him waiting outside in the rain. Leave + O + adj. You’d better leave the door open. His illness has left him weak. (passive: The window was left open.) 其他情况: The war left her an orphan. She was left an orphan after the war. Don’t touch my writing-table; leave it as it is. 短语: 1. leave alone

2.

3. 4. 5.

(1) 不管, 别惹, 别碰 Leave that box alone! I should leave that question alone if I were you. (2) 让…独自呆着 Go away and leave me alone! leave for 动身到某处 leave…for… leave Shanghai for Beijing leave a message leave much to be desired 不够好 His behaviour left much to be desired. leave out 遗漏, 漏掉 You have left out the most important word in this sentence.

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