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高中英语动词短语


中学英语动词短语分类
一、与介词搭配
1.动词+介词 ag begin with 从/以…开始 believe in 信任/信赖/信仰 belong in/on/under 在…中/上面/下面有适当位置 belong to 属于… break/burst into 闯入;突发 break through 冲破 call at 短暂访问/停靠(某地) call

for 要求/需要… call on 看望;号召(某人) care about 对…关心/感兴趣 care for 对…关心/喜欢/尊重/想要;照料 catch at 去接/抓… change for 转车去…处;于(某物)交换 change/turn into 变成(=become) come across 走过…来;偶然碰到/找到 come at 达到/了解/攻击… come from 来自/出身于… come into 进入;开始;得到;继承 come to (oneself) 苏醒(=come back come upon 偶然碰到/攻袭/发生/出现于 concern about 关心… connect with 连系/衔接… consist of 由…组成 count on 信赖/指望…

to life)

date from 始于… deal in 经营/从事… deal with 涉及/处理/应付…;与…打交道/做生意 depend on 依赖/依靠… die for 为…而死;渴望 die from/of 死于… dive for 冲向… dive into 潜入(水中)

declare against/for 声明反对/赞成… do for 适用于/替代/毁掉… engage in 从事/参加……

feed on 以…为(主)食/维持生活 feel like 如同/想要… finish with 完成;与…绝交 fit into 适合于… fly at 扑向… fly into 突然爆发 fool with 胡弄;玩弄 gasp at 因…倒抽一口冷气 get into 进入 get off 从(车、船等)下来 get on 上(车、船等) glare at 怒目注视 go over 复习/过一遍… go through 通过 hear hear insist from 受到…的音、信 of/about 听说;因…受责备 on 坚持要/坚决主张…

join in 加入/一起(做…某事) jump at/on 跃/扑向…;欣然接受…;匆匆作出(结论) jump into 跳入/踊跃投入… keep to 不离开/坚守/遵行… knock about 漫游… knock at/on 敲(门、窗等) knock against 偶然遇到(某人) knock into 撞到… laugh at 嘲笑…;因…而笑 lay for 埋伏等待… lay into 猛攻/痛击…

lead to/into 通向/导致… learn about/of 获悉/听说… learn from 向…学习;从…吸取教训 leave for 动身去…处 lie in 在于… listen for 注意想要听到… listen to 听/倾听… live by 靠…过活;住在…附近 live on 以…为主食;靠…生活 long for 渴望… look at 看… look for 寻找… look into 朝…里看;浏览/查阅/调查/顺便进入访看… look like 看起来像… look through 通看/复看/浏览/查看… look to 注意/照顾/依靠/朝向… make at 扑向/攻击… make for 走向/扑向/导致… manage with 驾驭…;用…来对付 manage without 没…而能对付 meet with (偶尔)遇到;符合 operate on 给…作手术

pay for 为…付款/受罚 play with 以…玩耍/消遣;和…开玩笑 point to/at 指向/指着… prepare for 为…作准备 quarrel 吵 about (sth.) with (sb.) 为(某事)而与(某人)争

refer to 指/谈到/参阅… rely on 依靠… result from 由…引起 result in 终至…的结果 run across 穿过/偶然发现… run after 追捕/追随/伺候…

run run run run rush

at 向…冲去/突袭 for 匆忙来/去拿…;竞选(公职) into 跑进…;与…相撞/相连接;延续到/共计达… to 跑向/求助于…;共达/值…;有(做…的) at 冲向/猛攻/匆忙处理…

serach for 搜寻 see about 照料/探寻/考虑… see after 照顾/照看… see to 照料/修理/注意… seek after/to 寻求 set about 着手/开始/攻击/散布 send for 派人请… share in 分享 shoot at 朝…射击 shout at 冲…吼叫/叫嚷 shout to 朝…喊 sit for 参加(考试);代表…当议员 stand by 与…站在一起 stand for 代表… stare at 盯着看… step on 踩在…上;用力踩…(加油门) stick to 粘住/坚持… struggle against 与…斗争 struggle for 为…而斗争 succeed in 在…获得成功 suffer from 受…之苦;患…(病) speak about/of 谈及 speak against/for 发言反对/为…辩护 talk talk think think turn turn twist urge about/of 谈到… with/to 与…交谈 about 考虑/想起/回想… of 考虑/想起/记得/想出/认为/设想/想要 against 背叛… towards 朝向/倾向于… around 缠绕/摆布… against 极为反对…

wait for 等待 wait on 伺候 win over 战胜/说服… wish for 想得到/渴望… work at 从事/致力于/学习… work on 从事/忙于/影响/安装好… work to 根据…行事 work towards 设法达到/获得… worry about 为…担心 write to 给…写信 2.动词+介词+名词 arrive at(come to) come come come come come come come come come come come come go go go go go go get on to to to to to in

a conclusion

得出结论

into being/existence 出现/成立/产生 into effect/force 生效 into operation 开始运行/生效 into use/service 开始被使用 into office/power 上任,执政 into leaf 开始长叶 into one's own 得到重视;被人认识 into play 行动起来 to an end 结束 to the point 说到要点 to school 到校 to a stop 停了下来 strike 举行罢工 bed 去睡觉 the cinema 去电影院/去看电影 college 去上 dxue the concert 去听音乐会 the meeting 去开会 sb.'s way 挡了某人的去路

3.动词+介词+名词+介词+… get in touch/contact with 与…取得联系 get out of touch/contact with 与…脱离联系

keep look think put

in

touch/contact A B as B

with

与…保持联系

on/upon of to A use as of

把 A 看作 B

把 A 看作 B

使用/利用…

4.动词+…+介词+… add A to B 把 A 加入 B 中 ask sb. for sth. 向某人请求要某物 base A on B 把 A 基于 B 之上 bring…into pravtice/operation 执行… bring…into effect 使…生效 change A into… 把 A 变成… compare A with B 把 A 与 B 比较 compare A to B 把 A 比作 B connect A with B 把 A 与 B 联系起来 devote A to B 把 A 贡献于 B divide A into B 把 A 分成 B 份 fill help join A with sb. sb. B 用 B 装满 A(容器) 帮助某人做某事 与某人一道做某事

with sth. in

(ding) sth.

keep A out of B 不让 A 进入 B 处 keep…under control 控制住… keep…in mind 把…记在心里 know…by heart 记忆 lead A to B 把 A 带到 B 处 lead sb. in doing sth. 带领某人作某事 learn…by heart 记/背诵… leave A for B 离开 A 处动身去 B 处

leave make make make

sth.

to/with/for

sb.

把某事物留给某人

oneself at home 不拘束 A of/from B 用 B 制成 A A into B 把 A 制成 B sth. 阻止 A 做某事

prevent/stop A (from) doing (=keep A from doing sth.) put A into B 把 A 输入 B regard A as B A from 把 A 看作 B B

separate

把 A 从 B 处分开

take A as B 把 A 当作 B take A for B 把 A 错当作 B take sth. for granted 把某事看作理所当然 translate A into B 把 A(作品)译成 B(语言) 5.动词+名(代)词+介词+… catch/get/take hold of catch sight of 看到… devote enter fix oneself (sb.) for to

抓住…

献身于/致力于…

(替某人)报名参加… on/upon 注视/盯着…

one's

eyes

give a lesson to 给…上课 give one's life for 为…牺牲 give (up) oneself/one's life for 溺于…

为…献身;致力于/沉

have nothing to do with 与…无关 have trouble/difficulty (in) (doing sth.) (做某事)费 力/有困难 have a word with 与…谈谈 have a few words with 与…说几句话

have have keep make make make make make make

words with 与…吵嘴/发生口角 oneself to 随便用/吃… pace with 跟上…

the best of 充分利用… friends with 与…交朋友 fun of 取笑… room for 为…腾出地方 a sentence with 用…造句 use of 利用/借用…

pay attention to 注意… put one's heart into 全神贯注于… say hello/goodbye/sorry/yes/no 歉/答应、赞同/拒绝、反对 set fire to 点燃/放火烧… shake hands with 与…握手 show sb. around 带某人参观… take take take take take take to 向…问候/道别/道

care of 负责;照顾/照料;揍、杀 a message for 给…捎个信儿 (an active) part in (积极)参加… the place of 替代/接替… pride in 以…自豪/骄傲(=be proud the side of 支持…的一方

of)

二、与副词搭配 (注:带*号者表示可作"动词+介词"结构用,后接宾语。) 1.动词+副词(不接宾语) break in* 闯入 come come come come come come about 发生 along* (沿…)过来;向前 back 回来 down* (沿…)下来 in* 进(入…)来;到达;流行;就任 up* (沿…)过来;上前,长出,被提出,发生

cut

in

插嘴

die away 衰减;昏厥 die down 变弱,渐息;停止 die out 死尽/绝 drop down* (沿…)下行;落 fall back 返回,撤退,食言 fall/lay behind 落后 get off/on* 下/上车 get here/there/home 到达这里/那里/家里 get together 相聚 give in 屈服,让步 go by* 经过(…);过去 go down* (沿…)走去;下去,下沉 go home 回家 go out 出去,熄灭,罢工,下台 grow up 成长,长大 hurry lie up 赶快 躺着/下,屈服

down

pass pass

by* 经过(…);过去 through* 穿过(…);经历…

rise up 起义,起来(反抗) roll over* (沿…)翻滚 rot away 烂掉 run away 逃跑 sit out 坐在外边;不参与 stand by* 站在(…)旁边 stand down 离开,退出 turn around 转身/反转/倒转

2.动词+副词(带宾语)

bring about 导致/产生… build up 逐步建立/增强/激励… call off 叫走/取消/读出 call up 打电话给/召集/叫醒… carry out 开展/执行/完成… cut down 砍倒/缩减… cut out 去掉/计划… do eat find gain hand hand hand knock up up 修缮/收拾/梳理/使完蛋 吃光/毁坏/全盘接受…

out 弄清/查出;使…受惩罚 on/upon 赶上/巴结上/侵蚀… in 呈交 on (to) 传递…(给) out 分发,取出 out 击(昏)倒,去掉,使震惊,粗率做成

lay aside 旁置/积蓄/取掉… lay down 放下/交出/制作… leave behind 遗留/超过… let in 放进/嵌入/弄窄… make out 写出/认出/想出/计划/论证…

pay back 付还/回报/报复… pick out 选出/辨别/衬托… point out 指出/指明… pull down 拉下/拆除/打到/得到/削弱… push aside 避免/排开/排除… put away 收存/放弃/杀死/埋… put off 推迟/除去/关掉/放下… put on 放上/穿戴/假装/扮演/增加 put up 举起/张贴/建起/举行/提高…/使…往下

see off 给…送行,赶走… send out 分发/发出/长出/派出… send up 送上/发射/毁坏/判刑 set about 着手/试图/攻击/散布 show out/in 把…领进/领出 smooth away 克服/清除… take away 拿走/消除/减损… take back 拿回/收回/使记起 take down 取下/写下/拆掉/压下… think over 仔细考虑… throw away 扔掉/乱花/轻轻带过… try on 试穿/耍弄… use use wipe wipe out 用完/用坏… up 用完/耗尽… away 擦掉/消除… out 擦净/消除/消灭…

3.动词+副词(可带宾语也可不带宾语) act out 把…付诸行动;表演(…) answer back 反驳;顶/回(…)嘴 break blow blow break break bring burn down 拆开/压倒/摧毁…;坏掉;停下 away 驱散…;(被)吹走 out 吹出…;被吹出/吹熄;爆掉 off 折断/中断…;停止 out 敲碎取出/说出…;爆发,发生,逃走 up 取出/培养…;停下 up 烧光/烧尽…;烧起来

call up 召唤…;大声呼喊 carry on 继续/执行…;发怒;胡闹 cut off 砍掉/切断…;跑掉 cut up 伤害/攻击…;(可被)切碎 draw out 拉出/取出…;充分发挥

draw up 提起/起草…;停住 drive off 赶走…;驶离 drop in 把…投进去;便中访问;坍塌下 dry up (使…)干透;住口 end up 结束(…)

fight back 抵抗/忍住… fill in 填满…;顶替,淤塞 fill out 填好/胀满…;便胖,鼓起 fit in 嵌入…;相适合 get away 移走…;出发/开始/逃走 get back 取回…;回来 get on* 登上/穿上/安上…;(使…)进展/继续 get out 取出…;出来 get through* 通过/完成/接通…;辞职 get up (使…)起床/登上…,搬上 give out 分发…;被耗尽/垮掉 go on 继续(…);穿得上 go over 检查/重温…;横过/变换/被接受 help out 帮助…脱出困境;协助/帮忙 hold back 阻止…;退缩 hold up 举起/停止…;不屈服 join up 连接…;参军 jump off 跳离(…) keep back 阻止/隐瞒…;不上前 keep off 挡开;(使…)离开 keep out 保留…;不让…进入;不介入 kick off 踢掉…;开球 knock down 击倒/拆掉/降低…;平静下来 leave off 停止(…) 向前移动 move up 提升…;上升,向前移动

pay off 还清…;获利/损失 pick up 捡起…;好转 pull on 穿戴…;继续划船 push on 促进…;前进 put down 放下/写下/镇压…;(使)降落 put out 拿出/熄灭…;出航 sell out/up 售完(…);背叛 set in 嵌入…;降临 set off 发射/衬托…;出发 set out 开始/安排…;出发.动身 settle down 使…平静;定居,停落,成家 sit down (使)坐下 sit out 不参加…;坐到(…)结束;坐在户外 sit up (使)坐端,熬夜 shut off 隔离…;中断(…) shut up 关;住口;禁闭 smooth down (使)平整/平静下来 speak out 讲出(…) stand up (使)站起,经得起 take in 收进/收紧/理解;开学 take off 取下/脱去…;起飞 take on 呈现/接纳…;激动,流行 take out 取出/除去/抵偿;出发 take up 拿起/开始/占用/接纳/责备;开学,缩小 throw off 扔掉/脱掉/放出…;开始,出发 turn about* 反复思考…;回转;以…为中心 turn around 转身,倒转 turn back 阻挡;返回 turn on/off 开/关 turn out 产生/结果是/关掉…;出来,外翻 turn over 翻转/移交/仔细考虑…;发动,欲吐 turn up 翻起/找到…;出现,发生 wake up (使…)醒来 warm up (给…)加热;暖和起来 wash away 冲掉…;不断地洗 wash up 洗(去)…;把…冲上岸;结束

wear wipe work work write

out 使…精疲力尽;(被)穿坏 off* (被)擦去 on* 忙于/作用于/安装…;继续工作 out 计算出/制订…,解决 down 写下…;降低(…)

4.动词+副词+介词+… add up to 总计达/意味着… answer up to 对…作出反应 beat down on 火辣辣地照晒 break away from 从…脱离;打破… bow down to 顺从/屈服于/崇拜… catch up with 赶上… come up to 到…跟前,达到/符合… come up with 赶上/胜过,提供… date back to 始于/追溯到… do away with 废除/杀掉… do well in 在…方面干/学得好 drop in on 顺便看望(某人) drop in at 顺便去(某处)看看 face up to 正视/勇敢面对… fall back on 撤退到/重提…;求助于… fall behind wih 拖欠… fall down on 不能完成… fall in upon 偶然遇到/顺便访问… fall in with 偶遇/同意/符合… fit in with 适应/符合… finish up with 以…结束 get get get get get get along/on with 进行/进展…;与…相处 away from 从…逃离 away with 假造/偷走/耗掉…;做…而逃脱应受的责罚 back to 回到/继续… down to 认真着手进行… out of 逃出/越出/摆脱…;从…下来/出来

get get get go go go go hold hold hold

rid of 除掉/去掉… through with 完成/熬过… up to 赶上/达到/乱整… in for 爱好/从事/习惯于… on with 继续…;用…暂时应付 out for 尽力争取… through with 把…完成/坚持到底 on to 紧紧抓住/克制… up with 跟上… up on 推迟/拖延… in with 与…搞好关系 up with 跟上/熟悉…;与…保持接触 on/up to 通向/导致/引入/表明… in to 收听… down on/upon 轻视/看不起… forward to 盼望/预期… out for 照料/提防/搜寻… up to 尊敬/赞美…

keep keep lead listen look look look look

make up for 弥补… match up to 比得上/对付得了… move in to 移近/控制/占有… pull in with 与…一致行动 put up with 忍受/容忍… run run run down to 延伸到… out of 从…出来;用完… over with 充满…

send away for 函索… sit down under 忍受… sit in on 被请/列席参加… stand out for 坚决要求… stand up to 抗拒/经得起… stop away from 不在/不出席

take away from 减损/贬低… take off from 从…分开/岔开/取下 take up for 支持/维护 take up with 赞同/结交/开始专心于… try out for 参加为…的选拔/竞争 wake walk warm work work work work write up to 意识到… away from 轻易击败…;从…中安然脱身 up to 对…热心起来 hard at 努力学校/干… in with 与…协调一致 round/around to 逐步处理/移向… up to 逐步发展到… back to 给…回信

三、与名词搭配 1.动词+名词 beg sb.'s pardon 请某人谅解/再说一遍 break the law 违反法律 catch catch a cold 伤风/感冒 fire 着火

do/try one's best 尽最大努力 do a good deed 做好事 do some cleaning/cooking/running/shopping/washing… 做饭菜/跑跑步/买东西/洗衣服… do good/harm (to sb.) 对某人有益/有害 do one's hormwork 做家庭作业 do one's lessons 做功课 do wrong 做错事/干坏事 draw a conclusion 得出结论 enjoy give give a a oneself 玩/过得快活(=have a

搞清洁/

good time)

concert 举行音乐会 report/talk 作报告/演讲

have breakfast/lunch/supper 吃早/午/晚饭 have a headache 头痛 have a lesson 上课 have/take a (last) look 看(最后)一眼 have a match 举行比赛 have some medicine 服药 have a meeting 开会 have/take a rest/break 休息一会 have/take a seat 请坐 have sports 进行体育活动 have a swim 游一次泳 have a test 进行测验/考察 join join keep keep the the army 参军 Legue/Party

入团/入党

(a) watch 守望/放哨 one's word 信守诺言

lead/live a…life 过着…的生活 lose one's life 丧生 lose one's way 迷路 make an apology (to sb./for sth.) (向某人/为某事) 道歉 make a face/faces 做怪相 make up one's mind 下决心 make a mistake 犯错误 make a noise 吵闹 make progross (in) (在…)取得进步 make/keep/break a promise 许下/信守/违背诺言 make repairs 修理/修补 make one's way 前行 place/give 购(某物) take a an order (for sth./with sb.) (向某人)订

picture/photo

照张相

take take place take take take

one's place/seat 就座/就职 sb.'s/sth.'s place 代替某人/某物(=take of sb./sth.) place 发生/出现 sb.'s temperature 量某人的体温 one's turn 依次/轮流

the

2.动词+名词+(其他) drive sb. mad 使人发狂 do sb. good/harm/wrong(s) 有益于/危害/冤屈、迫害某 人(=do good/harm/wrong(s) to sb.) do sb. a favour/favours 帮某人的忙(=do a favour/favours for sb.) give sb. some advice 给某人提出忠告 give sb. a lesson 给某人授一堂课(=give a lesson to sb.) have have 事 have sth.) sth. done (找人)把事做了;某物被… sb./sth. doing sth. 让/任/允许/使某人/某物做某 sb. do sth. 要某人做某事(=get sb. to do

persuade 做某事

sb.

to

do

sth./into

doing sth.

说服某人

set sb. free 释放某人 show sb. sth. 给某人看某物(=show take it easy 别紧张;慢慢来 teach sb. a lesson 教训某人一顿 tear sth. open 把某物撕开 leave sb./sth.+adj./done/doing 某种状态) sth.

sth.

to

sb.)

让某人/某物(处于

四、其他 be able to (do) 能(做…) be about to (do sth.) 即将(做某事)

be afraid to (do sth.) 不敢去(做某事) be determined to (do) 决心(做…) be eager to (do) 渴望/热切地要(做…) be going to (do) 打算/将要(做…) be likely to (do) 可能(做…) be meant to (do sth.) 必须/应该/意思是(做某事) be ready to (do) 准备好/乐意(做…) be said/reported to (do) 据说/据报道(做…) be supposed to (do) 应该/估计要(做…) be suer to (do) 务必/肯定要(做…) be fit/unfit to (do) 适于/不适于(做…) be/get/become used to (doing sth.) 习惯于(做某事) used to (do) 过去常常(做…) be willing to (do sth.) 愿意(做某事) come/get to (do) come true 实现 get/cut in a word 开始/终于(做…)

插句话(=get

a

word in)

happen to (do) 碰巧(做…) have (got) to (do) 不得不(做…) make make certain 弄清/确定 sure 弄确切/确保/确使… the trouble (of doing sth.) 要烦劳某

put sb. to 人(做某事) seem/appear take trouble

to to

(do) (do

似乎/显得是(做…) sth.) 不辞辛苦/努力地(做某事)


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