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2014届高考英语一诊考前专题训练 短文改错系列1


绵阳东辰国际学校 2014 届绵阳一诊考前专题训练 1:短文改错系列 编制:罗大洪

绵阳东辰国际学校 2014 届绵阳一诊考前专练:短文改错系列
短文改错 假定英语课上老师要求同学之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有 10 处语言 错误,要求你在错误的地方增加、删除或修改某个单词。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏词符号(/\) ,并在该句

下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。 修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2. 只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 1 Dear Jim, Thank you for your last letter telling me your recently news. I'd like to tell you something about our school sports meet. It was holding on Oct.20, which was a fine day. There were over 1,600 students and teachers attend it. Wang Lin, a student from my class won the 100-meter race. He finishes the race in 11.2 seconds and broke down the school record. They were all very excited. The sports meeting was great success. That was why we were all making every effort to our class honor. Although I was not one of the winner, I was proud of what we had done. Looking forward to receiving your letter. Yours, Li Ping 2 It has been years since the Chinese get plastic bags from supermarkets for free. China has banned free plastic bags at shops and supermarkets, but people have to pay for them. The Chinese once used about 300 million of plastic shopping bags a day, which has caused environmentally pollution because plastic bags are not easy to break down. So the Chinese is encouraged to take their own bags for shopping. Then what kind of shopping bag is the best to carry? Some student in Chongqing have a extraordinary idea. They use old clothes to make cloth bags, and then to ask their parents and friends to use these cloth bags instead of plastic ones. They do so because they think it is our duty to help protecting the environment.
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绵阳东辰国际学校 2014 届绵阳一诊考前专题训练 1:短文改错系列 编制:罗大洪

3 Dear Wang Ping, I’m very glad to have received a letter you sent me two weeks before. I’ve been thinking about the question you ask me. In my opinion,you should come back after you finish your studies at abroad. For one reason, what you are studying is bad needed nowadays in China. It will be quite easy of you to find a good job. In fact, I know that a few big company in our city are hoping to hire people like you. For other reason, I think it will be much more convenient for you to look after your parents as we are getting old. Therefore, I think it’s a good idea for you to return. So what are you waiting? Best wishes. Yours, Li Hua 4 This morning on my way to school I was deep moved by what I saw outside a bank. An old man was counting his money in the front of the bank. Suddenly a young man came running and knocked him down. To make things bad, his money was flying in all direction. At once the people around rush to pick the money up, while the old man stood there, not know what to do. Surprisingly, everyone gave back the money they had just picked. The old man counted the money again and found that not a single bill was missed. To my great joy, there are now a lot of nice people in your life. It’s true what honesty is more important than money! 5 I just come back from Britain last week. I was luckily enough to be one of the student from different countries to visit the UK from Feb. 16 to 28. We paid a visit to many places, like London, Oxford or the Lake District. I learned much about British culture and history in London, where was my favorite. I also liked Oxford, in which I saw much more old buildings. The Lake District was beautiful, but it was pity that it rained heavily
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绵阳东辰国际学校 2014 届绵阳一诊考前专题训练 1:短文改错系列 编制:罗大洪

when they were there. The most excited thing for me in the Britain was that I made a lot of friends there. 6 I’m a student in Senior Grade Three, study in a key school. Our life is busy and fairly boring. We often have to attend classes seven days a week with only one day is off each month. The extra class at weekends almost make us to break down. In addition to that, the examinations held once a month drive our mad. Hardly have we finish the last exam when the next one is just around the corner. But it is really difficult to keep good state of mind. I’m looking forward to June 7th next year, no matter which the result is. 7 In my hometown there used to a temple with a history of more than four hundred years. It lies in a valley with green hills around it. It was such beautiful and famous that many tourists came visit it every day. They took photo; they wrote down their names on the walls; they were brought food and drink and left rubbish everywhere. One day some tourists did a fire to cook food near the temple. All of sudden, a strong wind blew. The wooden temple caught fire. Soon the wholly temple was burned out and only a little walls remained.The beautiful temple disappeared. 8 When my father bought me a computer as a birthday gift for me in last year, I felt very excited. As we all know, computers are getting more and more usefully now. Much information can be stored in them. We can also learn that has lately happened in the world on Internet. In the past, people had to do lots of work which was very dangerous. Now, but, computers can do it instead. When an exam is coming, I often did some exercises on my computer. Then it will correct it and tell me the right answers. In this way it is very convenient for me to prepare the exam than before. The computer has become my real friend. 9 Here are two types of cars may some day take place of today’s big cars. If all the people drive such cars in the
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绵阳东辰国际学校 2014 届绵阳一诊考前专题训练 1:短文改错系列 编制:罗大洪

future, there will be fewer pollution in the air. There will also be more space for parking cars in the cities, but the streets will be less crowded. Three such cars can fit in the space now need by one car of the usually size. The little cars will cost much less to own and drive. Drive will be safer, too, though these little cars can go only 65 kilometers per hour. But it will not be of any use for long trips. 10 Dear Sir, How are you? As a exchange student, I am writing to tell you I would prefer to move into a single room in the next term, as I find that inconvenient to share a room with others. My roommate often held parties at night, made much noise. Besides, his friends are always visiting him, that disturb me a lot. So I hope to draw your attentions to this problem. If you think in my position, I am sure he will agree that the only solution for me is get a room of my own, one not in the same building but as near to the school campus as possible. I would be gratefully if you could do me the favor. Best wishes. Yours sincerely, Li Ming

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绵阳东辰国际学校 2014 届绵阳一诊考前专题训练 1:短文改错系列 编制:罗大洪

答案与解析
1.【答案】 【小题 1】recently 改 recent, 后面是名词 news,说明这里应该用形容词的形式。 【小题 2】holding 改 held, 指运动会被举行,这里应该使用被动语态。 【小题 3】attend 改 attending, 现在分词短语 attending it 修饰 students and teachers. 【小题 4】finishes 改 finished, 文章讲述的是运动会上发生的事情,故使用过去时。 【小题 5】去掉 down, break the school record 破了学校记录。break down 崩溃,机器坏了; 身体垮了; 【小题 6】They 改 We, we 指我们观看比赛的人。 【小题 7】great 前加 a, 本句的 success 是一个可数名词,指一件成功的事情,或一个成功的人。 【小题 8】why 改 because, That is because 后面接的句子是表示原因的。 【小题 9】to 改 for, for 为了…表示目的。我们是在为班级而努力的。 【小题 10】winner 改 winners, one of 后面接复数名词,表示…之一。 2.【答案】 【小题 1】get 改成 got, since 后面的句子用过去时表示自从过去发生的事情到现在 【小题 2】but 改成 and/so, 上下文之间存在着因果关系而不是转折关系 【小题 3】去掉 of , 量词前面有确定数词修饰时,后面通常不要 of,(除非表示特定范围) 【小题 4】environmentally 改成 environmental , 后面的名词,那么应该使用形容词修饰名词 【小题 5】is 改成 are, 中国人做主语,谓语动词用复数形式 【小题 6】student 改成 students, some 后面接复数名词 【小题 7】a 改成 an, 后面的词以元音开始 【小题 8】去掉 to, to 多余, 与前面的 use 并列。 【小题 9】our 改成 their, 句子主语是 they,他们认为是他们的责任 【小题 10】protecting 改成 protect, it 是形式主语,不定式是真正的主语 3.【答案】 【小题 1】a 改为:the, 特指你寄给我的信 【小题 2】before 改为:ago, 两周前用 two weeks ago 表达 【小题 3】ask 改为:asked, 你问我问题是过去发生的事情,使用用过去时。 【小题 4】at 去掉 abroad 是副词,前面不需要介词 【小题 5】bad 改为:badly 副词:迫切地 用 badly 表示。 【小题 6】of 改为:for , easy 不是表示性格特征的形容词,所以用 for,不用 of 【小题 7】company 改为:companies, a few 修饰可数名词复数形式 【小题 8】other 改为:another, 后面给的是单数名词,所以用 another:另外一个 【小题 9】we 改为:they, they 指代 your parents 【小题 10】waiting 加入 for, 固定词组 wait for 等待。 4. 【 答 案 】 【小题 1】deep 改成 deeply, 修饰动词 moved。故用 deeply. 表示抽象意义的深深地。 【小题 2】in 后面去掉 the,in the front of 表示里面的前面,in front of 就表示“在…的前面” 【小题 3】bad,改成 worse, 固定短语:To make things worse, 更糟糕的是 【小题 4】direction. directions 或 all 改成 any, in all directions 或 in any direnction 【小题 5】rush 改成 rushed, 讲述过去的事情,用过去时 【小题 6】know 改成 knowing, 现在分词做伴随状 【小题 7】picked 后面加 up, pick up 捡起 【小题 8】missed 改成 missing/lost, be missing/be lost 表示不见了 【小题 9】your 改成 our, 前面用的是 my,故这里应用 our
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绵阳东辰国际学校 2014 届绵阳一诊考前专题训练 1:短文改错系列 编制:罗大洪

【小题 10】what 改成 that, it 为形式主语,that 引导主语从句,在从句中不充当任何成分 5. 【答案】 【小题 1】come→ came, 因为时间状语为 last week 【小题 2】luckily→ lucky, lucky 在 be 动词后面作表语 【小题 3】student→ students, one of the +名词复数 【小题 4】or→ and, 这里表示“和”而不是“或者” 【小题 5】where→ which, 先行词在定语从句中作主语,故用 which 【小题 6】much→ many, 修饰 buildings 用 many 【小题 7】在 pity 前加 a; 固定句型:It was a pity that… 【小题 8】they→ we, 整篇文章都是第一人称 【小题 9】excited→ exciting, 修饰物,用 exciting 【小题 10】去掉 Britain 前的 the, 地名前不加定冠词 6. 【答案】 【小题 1】study--studying 或 study 加 and, I’m 与 study 之间缺连词,故将 study--studying 或 study 加 and。 【小题 2】fairly—rather, boring 是贬义词,修饰贬义词用 rather,不用 fairly 【小题 3】去掉 is, with 是介词后不能接谓语动词。去掉 is 【小题 4】class—classes, 谓语动词是 make,所以主语用 classes。 【小题 5】去掉第一个 to, make sb do sth 使某人做某事。 【小题 6】our—us, drive sb mad 使某人发疯。drive 后用宾格代词。 【小题 7】finish—finished, 与前面的 have 构成现在完成时。 【小题 8】But—So, But 前后两句是因果关系,改用 So 【小题 9】good 前加 a, keep a good state of mind 保持好的心态。 【小题 10】which—what, no matter what the result is 不管结果是什么。 7.【答案】 【小题 1】to 后加 be, there used to be 意为“过去曾经有”。 【小题 2】lies→lay, 讲的是过去的事,应用一般过去式。 【小题 3】such→so, 修饰形容词应用 so,不用 such。 【小题 4】came 后加 to, come to do sth 来做某事 【小题 5】photo→photos, take photos 拍照。 【小题 6】去掉 were, they 是 brought 的执行者,应用主动语态。 【小题 7】did→made, make a fire 生火。 【小题 8】of 后加 a, all of a sudden 突然 【小题 9】wholly→whole, 修饰名词 temple 应用形容词。 【小题 10】little→few, 修饰可数名词复数用 few;不用 little。 8. 【答案】 【小题 1】去掉 me, 因为后面已经用了 for me。 【小题 2】去掉 in, last year 直接做时间状语,不需要加 in。 【小题 3】usefully— useful, get 是连系动词,故用形容词 useful。 【小题 4】that —what, what 引导宾语从句,在从句中充当主语。 【小题 5】Internet 前加 the, 独一无二的事物名称前加 the. 【小题 6】but—however, but 后面不需要逗号,故改为 however. 【小题 7】did—do, 前面是 is coming,故这里应用现在时。 【小题 8】第二个 it—them, 此处代替的是 exercises,故用 them。 【小题 9】very—more, 这是比较级,故用 more。 【小题 10】the 前加 for, prepare for 为…做好准备。
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绵阳东辰国际学校 2014 届绵阳一诊考前专题训练 1:短文改错系列 编制:罗大洪

9. 【答案】 【小题 1】cars 之后加 which/that, which/that 引导定语从句,在句中作主语,不可省略。 【小题 2】take 之后加 the, take the place of 代替。 【小题 3】fewer 改为 less, pollution 为不可数名词,故用 less. 【小题 4】but 改为 and, 此处是并列关系,不是转折关系。 【小题 5】in 去掉, fit 是个及物动词,fit sth. 故去掉 in。 【小题 6】need 改为 needed,needed by 被…所需要的过去分词作后置定语。 【小题 7】usually 改为 usual, 形容词修饰名词 【小题 8】Drive 改为 Driving, 动名词作主语 【小题 9】though 改为 because, 解释驾驶更安全的原因,故用 because. 【小题 10】it 改为 they, 前面用的是复数 cars,故用 they 来代替。 10. 【答案】 【小题 1】a 改成 an, exchange 是以元音开始发音开头的,使用 an. 【小题 2】that—it, it 作为形式宾语,真正的宾语是后面的不定式。 【小题 3】held 改成 holds, 本文是以现在时为主的时候,这里用第三人称单数形式的一般现在时 【小题 4】made 改成 making, making 这里是伴随状语,make 与 my classmate 构成主动关系,使用现在分 词的形式。 【小题 5】that 改成 which, that 不能引导非限制性定语从句,用 which 引导。 【小题 6】disturb 改成 disturbs, Which 指代前面一句话的内容在句中作主语,谓语动词用单数 【小题 7】Attentions 改成 Attention, Attention 是不可数名词,没有复数形式。 【小题 8】he 改成 you, 根据上下文可知你会同意… 【小题 9】is 后面加 to,不定式在句中作表语。 【小题 10】gratefully 改成 grateful, 这里是形容词作表语

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