（二） 独立主格结构的特点： 1）独立主格结构的逻辑主语与句子的 主语不同，它独立存在。 2）名词或代词与后面的分词
，形容词，副词， 不定 式，介词等是主谓关系。
1. The test finished, we began our holiday. = When the test was finished, we began our holiday. 2. The president assassinated, the whole country was in deep sorrow. = After the president was assassinated, the whole country was in deep sorrow.
3. Weather permitting, we are going to visit you tomorrow. 4. This done, we went home. 5. The meeting gone over, everyone tired to go home earlier. 6. He came into the room, his ears red with cold. 7. He came out of the library, a large book under his arm.
表伴随时，既可用分词的独立结构， 也可用with复合结构。 with +名词 (代词)+现在分词/过去分词/形容词/ 副词/不定式/介词短语
He stood there, his hand raised.
= He stood there, with his hand raise. The murder was brought in, with his hands
___ behind his back. A. being tied C. to be tied B. having tied D. tied.
独立主格结构使用介词的问题： 当介词是in时，其前后的两个名词均不加任 何成分（如物主代词或冠词），也不用复 数。但 with 的复合结构不受此限制。
A robber burst into the room, knife in
hand. ( hand前不能加his)
过去分词。 He lay there, his teeth set, his hand clenched, his eyes looking
Weather ___, we'll go out for a walk. A. permitted B. permitting C. permits D. for
是并列句。 句中使用了逗号，且we 小写，可知其不
with的复合结构。据此判断，本句中使用的是独立 结构， 其结构为：名词+分词。 由于permit在这里 翻译为‘天气允许’，表主动, 用现在分词，故选B 。如果不会判断独立结构作状语的形式，不妨将句 子改为条件句，例如本句改为If weather permits, we'll go out for a walk. 然后将if 去掉，再将谓语动
1.____, we went home. A. Our homework finished
B. Our homework having been finished C. Our homework finishing
D. Our homework been finished
2.The meeting ____, he went back to his company. A. over B. been over
C. was over
D. have been over
3.Time ____,we shall visit the zoo.
A. been permitting
D. having been permitted
4. ____, he put on his coat. A. It being cold
B. It cold
C. Being cold D. It having been cold
5. He left the room ____. A. with the door closing
B. with the door closed
C. with the door being closed
? ? ? ? ? ? ? 中国信息网 http://www.zhongguoxinxi.com 中国信息网返利频道 http://fanli.zhongguoxinxi.com 中国信息网论坛频道 http://bbs.zhongguoxinxi.com/ 中国信息网分类信息频道 http://fenlei.zhongguoxinxi.com/ ? 中国信息网美女频道 http://meinv.zhongguoxinxi.com/