第 I 卷(共 75 分) I. Listening Comprehension
Section A (10%) Directions: In Section A, you will hear ten short conversations between two speakers. At the end of each conversation, a question
will be asked about what was said. The conversations and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a conversation and the question about it, read the four possible answers on your paper, and decide which one is the best answer to the question you have heard. 1. A. Allen is still in bed. B. Allen fell ill last week. C. The woman is Allen’s sister. D. The man is Allen’s brother. 2. A. He is a writer. C. He is a worker. 3. A. The woman doesn’t know the man. B. The woman and the man are friends. C. The man is very familiar with the women. D. The man often talks with women. 4. A. The woman bought too many shirts. B. The woman bought all the shirts in the store. C. He wanted to see what the woman bought. D. He didn’t like the style of the shirts. 5. A. In Chicago. 6. A. He is very shy. C. He is brave. B. In Boston. C. In Washington. B. He is open-minded. D. He is modest. D. In Manchester. B. He is a student. D. He is a tour guide.
7. A. No news is good news. C. The woman works in the post office. 8. A. He wants to play tennis outdoors. C. He doesn’t want to play tennis. 9. A. Kim should study up late for the exam. B. Kim should be well rested for the exam.
B. The man’s family has forgotten him. D. The man expects to hear from his family. B. He feels tired and sick. D. He wants to play basketball instead.
C. Kim will get some fresh air in the morning. D. Kim will be the top student in the exam. 10. A. The woman will rent the house. B. The woman likes the house very much. C. The woman is not satisfied with the house. D. The woman will buy the house. Section B(6%) Directions: In Section B, you will hear one short passage, and you will be asked three questions on the passages. The passage will be read twice but the questions will be spoken only once. When you hear a question, read the four possible answers on your paper and decide which one would be the best answer to the question you have heard. Questions 11 through 13 are based on the following passage. 11. A. The second Monday of every month. B. The Monday when the sky is blue. C. The day when people have to stop weekend to work. D. The day that most of the people feel blue. 12. A. Jobs make people get money and social identity. B. Jobs can only offer people a lot of money. C. Jobs make people be busy every day. D. Jobs let people know many other new friends. 13. A. How American workers are doing today. B. The current economic situation. C. What people say about the government. D. Th e history of work in U.S. Section C (4%) Directions: In Section C, you will hear a longer conversation. The conversation will be read twice. After you hear the conversation, you are required to fill in the numbered blanks with the information you have heard. Write your answers on your answer sheet. Blanks 17 to 20 are based on the following conversation.
Relieve Pressure How is John The reason caused stress Present situation Solution He looks pale and __14__. The manager assigned two __15__ to him. The deadlines are __16__. Need someone to __17__to.
Complete the form. Write ONE WORD for each answer.
II. Grammar and Vocabulary
Section A (15%)
Directions: After reading the passages below, fill in the blanks to make the passages coherent and grammatically correct. For the blanks with a given word, fill in each blank with the proper form of the given word; for the other blanks, use one word that best fits each blank. A What’s the frightening situation you can think of? For many people, it’s being shut somewhere they (18)____ not get out of. That’s exactly (19)____happened to an American tourist who said, “it feels good to be free” after he was locked inside a London bookstore for two hours. David Willis had been using the Internet inside the Waterstones store in Trafalgar Square, London, UK （20）____ he found that he had been shut inside, according to Sky News. He tried （21）____(get) out but failed, and it was only after posting messages on Twitter, a social network, that he （22）____( release). After he had spoken to the police but still not been released, he posted: “Hi Waterstones, I（23） ____(lock) inside of your Trafalgar Square bookstore for two hours now. Please let me out.” It got the attention of thousands of Internet users. The police arrived at（24）____ store, and they finally let him out just after 11 pm on Thursday. After he was released, he posted another,（25） ____(simple) message: “I’m free.” B Google has begun testing the electric car in Mountain View, California. The car does not have all the normal car controls. Instead, it has a smartphone app that calls it and tells （26） _____the destination, and a STOP button between the two seats in case the passengers need to override the computer. The company’s co-founder, Sergey Brin, says that they want to change the world for people (27)_____ do not find it easy to trav el around. The cars have been built specially by a company in Detroit. Google will now test the cars, (28)______ are not yet for sale. There need to be detailed scans of the roads before the cars can drive on them, (29)______ they cannot collect and process enough information in real time. Chris Urmso n, director of the driverless car project at Google, said: “The cars will be very basic. But they will take you (30)______ you want to go at the push of a button. And, that’s an important step towards (31)______(improve) road safety and helping millions of people travel around more easily.” So far, the driverless cars have driven 700,000 miles without an accident caused by the computer. The company says that thousands of people die each year on the roads and that about 80% of crashes are caused (32)______ human mistakes.
Section B (9%) Directions: Complete the following passage by using the words in the box. Each word can only be
used once. Note that there is one word more than you need. A. decided F. struggling B. especially C. abroad G. unemployment H. idea D. problem I. leave E. finding J. experience
Governments in Europe dream of finding a magic solution to rising unemployment. But, in the poorest parts of the EU, __33__ continues to rise. Now, in Sardinia, Italy, a mayor thinks he has found an answer to his town’s unemployment __34__. Valter Piscedda, the mayor of Elmas, a small town near Sardinia’s capital, Cagliari, wants to pay residents to __35__. The town will pay for ten unemployed local people to take English lessons, get on a cheap flight and look for jobs in other parts of Europe. “This __36__ comes from common sense and experience,” he told the Guardian. “In the past year and a half – __37__ in the past few months – I have seen young people, almost every day, who have lost hope that they will find work. Some ask for help in __38__ work here. Others have tried everything and, now, they want to go and gain work experience __39__; life experience, too.” So he __40__ to help people who want to gain experience abroad. Sardinia, and also much of southern and central Italy, is __41__ with high unemployment. Unemployment was at 17.7% in the second quarter of 2014, according to Italy’s National Institute of Statistics. More than 54% of people under 25 are out of work.
III. Reading Comprehension
Section A (10%) Directions: For each blank in the following passage there are four words or phrases marked A, B, C and D. Fill in each blank with the word or phrase that best fits the context. There are about 50,000 mystery shopping trips every month in the UK. Mystery shoppers pretend to be a cu stomer in a store but they are really__42__ information on the store and how good or bad its service is. The __43__ for mystery shoppers is growing because online shopping is becoming more popular. “Retailers (零售店) are becoming increasingly __44__ that shoppers who visit a physical store want a service and an experience they can’t get __45__,” says Simon Boydell, spokesman for Marketforce, which has more than 300,000 mystery shoppers. “Our customers want to know how well their __46__ are delivering on that experience.” “We assign different store locations to each shopper and take turns so that they never __47__ to the same shop within three months,” says Jill Spencer of mystery shopping company ABa. “Each day, they spend up to eight hours __48__ five to ten stores, plus another hour or two writing detailed __49__ on every part of their visit.” For that, the mystery shoppers can earn up to ?155 a day. Their expenses are also paid. Mystery shoppers who film their visits with a __50__ camera can earn even more – around ? 300 a day. Mystery shoppers are usually repaid any money they spend in the stores and may also be allowed to __51__ the products they buy. “I’m always given a specific task, such as buying something from a specific department or a new product range, but I can often buy whatever I want – and keep it.” says mystery shopper Laura. 42. A. collecting 43. A. foundation 44. A. popular B. checking B. satisfaction B. aware C. deleting C. decision C. detective
D. downloading D. demand D. imaginative
45. A. home 46. A. stores 47. A. round off 48. A. staring 49. A. bills 50. A. hidden 51. A. release
B. office B. customers B. pass on B. simplifying B. reports B. amused B. benefit
C. online C. headquarters C. get over C. visiting C. articles C. renewed C. keep
D. paid D. access D. go back D. predicting D. diaries D. displayed D. expand
Section B (15%) Directions: Read the following three passages. Each passage is followed by several questions or un finished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one that fits best according to the information given in the passage you have just read. A At the end of every British summer I find myself praying for a proper winter, one that will allow a bit of fun: sledging, snowballing, snowman-building. I’m not very demanding; I don’t need amazing downhill skiing and the Cresta Run. What I want is a few days out with the kids. And, much as I like blue skies and sun in summer, I’d swap it every time for frozen ponds, a hillside covered in fresh snow and ice hanging off the houses. Maddy, 11, wants the same and so, instead of waiting and hoping, we are going to make sure. We are going to S weden. Winter fun in Sweden is a bit more advanced than in most of the UK. They do snowshoeing, ice-fishing, snow house-building and so on. They also do lots of Father Christmas matter, which Maddy didn’t want: “I’m too old for that kind of nonsense, Dad.” Above all, what Maddy wanted was dogs with puppies. She’s not too old for that. We flew to Lulea, a city at the top of the finger of Baltic Sea that reaches out to the north between Sweden and Finland, almost touching the Arctic Circle, then transferred, with some other winter-hungry families, to woodland houses by the sea. There was plenty of snow and ice, but the guides were keeping a nervous eye on the instrument for which was dangerously close to zero. measuring temperature,
“Normally, we are 10C below,” said Roger, our guide, who was also handing out our equipment for the days ahead: snowshoes, boots, gloves and so on. A holiday that provides all the necessary outfits will save you a fortune. 52. “I find myself praying for a pr oper winter” because _________. A. winter is much more fun than summer B. I like playing exciting sports in winter C. I want a few days out with the kids D. the activities in winter are more demanding 53. What does the word “swap” mean in paragraph 1? A. offer B. exchange C. wait D. reject 54. Which best describes our trip to the city Lulea? A. We did not see any other people except the guides
B. The guides were nervous because of the low temperature C. We had everything prepared so that we could have a good journey D. The guides gave us the equipment in order to transfer quickly B BRANDON Carter-Chan has the world at his feet. The Dannemor a resident danced his way to victory in a number of individual performance grou ps at the Tauranga Festival of Performing Arts last month. It’s one of the major tap-dancing awards in New Zealand and offers $1000 in prize money to the winner. “I entered because the competition offers a lot of prize money, but also because it attracts a lot of really good dancers from around the country,” Brandon told the Times. “I really like competing. "If I’m entering a tap-dancing contest, I want to beat good dancers so I can learn and get better.” Brandon, 16, trains under tutor Simon Watts at the Carter-Chan Dance Performance Centre in East Tamaki, run by his mother Brigid. Mrs Carter-Chan says her talented son wasn’t as prepared for the contest in Tauranga as they would have liked. “It was a real struggle in a way,” she says. “Brandon had worked so hard on his school studies all year and was also quite sick. “One of the dances he was doing, a tango, he had to make up the week of the competition. “It was a different style to what he’s used to and that put pressure on him for the senior tap award. “He was totally out of his comfort zone.” Brandon is having a highly successful 2014. Brandon has only been competing in tap-dancing for two years and is also a highly skilled singer. He earned the people’s choice award, voted on by the viewing audience, at the Xtreme Talent Quest stage performance comp etition for teenagers in Howick in 2012. The rising star regularly performs in public as a singer and dancer, including as a cast member of the annual Coca-Cola Christmas in the Park entertainment showcase. 55. What is Tauranga Festival of Performing Arts probably? A. A competition held for tap-dancing lovers or dancers. B. A contest where dancers can get a lot of prize money as long as they join in. C. The dance centre owned by Brandon’s mom. D. A dancing game which only good dancers can sign up for. 56. Which is probably Brandon’s Mom’s job? A. A manager B. A designer C. A judge D. A school teacher. 57. Which does not describe Brandon having the world under his feet? A. He was the winner at the Tauranga Festival of Performing Arts. B. He earned the people’s choice award. C. He performs the annual Coca-Cola Christmas in the Park entertainment showcase. D. He regularly performs in public as a singer and dancer. C The Earth’s moon used to have a stronger magnetic field(磁场). During samples collected from
the Apollo task, researchers claimed that the moon featured a magnetic field as strong as 70 microteslas(单位：微特斯拉). That’s compared to 50 microteslas here on Earth. At present, the moon does not have a global magnetic field. Benjamin Weiss, the co-author of the new study, says, “Earth’s magnetic field is currently 50 microteslas in strength. The early moon may have had a magnetic field that was bigger, maybe up to more than 70 microteslas.” Weiss and Sonia Tikoo, who had their study published in Journal Sciences, suggest that the magnetic field of the moon can be the result of the molten liquid core that our satellite had taken for research. They believe that planets and other bodies move electrically conducting fluids around themselves, thus producing magnetic fields through a process which they compared to a dynamo(发电机). They note that earlier scientists did not understand whether the moon produced the magnetic field itself or if it was due to the outside forces. The group of researchers spent the last six years using new and advanced search methods in order to find strong signals that the moon might have had a magnetic core of its own. They believe that if the moon had a similar inner dynamo, it would allow them to better understand its inside structure and solve a problem scientists have grappled with for years. After several conducting studies, they could not say why the moon actually stopped producing the magnetic field. Researchers are also still confused at how such a small core on the moon could have created the original strong magnetic field it is originally believed to have produced. 58. The word " grappled" (paragraph 4) is closest in meaning to______. A. exchanged B. dealt C. connected
59. We can infer from the conclusion of Weiss and Tikoo’s research that______. A. the magnetic fields of the moon can produce its electricity owing to the outside forces. B. only planets move electrically conducting fluids around themselves. C. the result of the molten liquid core leads to the magnetic field of the moon D. the moon might have had a magnetic core of its own. 60. Which is true about the magnetic field of the moon? A. The moon did not have a global magnetic field in the past. B. The magnetic field of the moon is as strong as that on the earth. C. The satellite took it for finding strong signals. D. The moon could have created the original strong magnetic field due to its core. 61. What is the best title of the passage? A. The secret of the magnetic field of the moon B. The result of the magnetic field of the moon C. The moon can produce the magnetic field D. The process of the magnetic field of the moon Section C (6%) Directions: Read the passage carefully. Then answer the questions or complete the statemen ts in the fewest p ossible words. There are about 29,000 deaths annually in the UK from air pollution. PM2.5, carbon and other chemicals are linked to heart and lung diseases as well as cancer. Some particle matter lies in the lungs, while the finest particles can enter the bloodstream, risking damage elsewhere in the body.
There are nearly as many deaths now caused by air pollution as there are from smoking, so the main thing is we stop a new generation of children being exposed. It is said government has taken measures to make green air. Such as: Monitoring all over the country and predicting what result it will bring on time; A national plan for dealing with heavily polluting vehicles; Changes to fuel duty to encourage low nitrogen dioxide(二氧化氮) vehicles as well as low carbon dioxide(二氧化碳); Financial encouragement for other choices of fuels; Encourage walking and cycling, etc. Our dirty air will simply not clean itself, and this issue is one that will, without the government's involvement, continue to impact on present and future generations. Enough is enough. The government must act on these pieces of advice quickly if we are to improve the qu ality of the air we breathe and protect the nation's heart health." A government spokesperson said there would be a full response to the report in the future, but added: "Clean air is important for people's health and, while air quality has improved greatly in recent decades, we are investing heavily in measures across government to continue this, spending ?2 bn since 2011 in green transport." (Note: Answer the questions or complete the statements in NO MORE THAN TEN WORDS) 62. What harmful matters are connected to heart and lung diseases? 63. Give two examples of the measures of making green air according to the passage. 64. _________ is the key to improve air quality and impact on our current and future generations.
第 II 卷（共 25 分） IV. Translation (15%)
Directions: Translate the following sentences into English, using the words given in the brackets. Translation： 65.年轻人喜欢赶时髦。 （follow） 66.我父母有一周的春节假。 （have?off） 67.名人对学生的生活影响很大。 （influence） 68.与外国人用英语交谈，你会觉得很有趣。 （fun） 69.许多漫画不仅让人们娱乐，而且也提供了精神食粮。(?not only?）
V. Guided Writing(10%)
Directions: Write an English composition in 70-90 words according to the instructions given below in English. 70.你校将进行校“十佳学生（Top Ten Students） ”评选活动，号召全体同学做推荐工作。假如 你是李明，有推荐你班同学王华为候选人的意向，现请你写一封推荐信，简要介绍其典型事 迹及推荐理由。 注：①信中不必出现学校名称和个人真实姓名 ②推荐信字数为 80 左右 ③信的开头与结尾已写好 Dear to whom it may concern, I would like to nominate one person, who is in my opinion, the most excellent student in my class – Wang Hua.
I would greatly appreciate it if you could give Wang Hua a favorable consideration. Yours faithfully,
41—45 ADBCA 52—54 CBB
46—50DCBAC 55—57AAD 58--61BCDA
62.PM2.5，carbon and other chemicals 63.Financial encouragement and encouraging walking and cycling. 64. Government’s involvement 65. Young people enjoy/like following trends. 66. Famous people/Celebrities have a great(er) influence on/influence students’ life. 67. Both teachers and students have three weeks off school for the Spring Festival. 68. You can have a lot of fun chatting in English with foreigners. You can/will find it a lot fun chatting… 69. Many cartoons not only amuse people but also provide them with food for thought. 70.Writing: (omitted) 听力原文： Section A Directions: In Section A, you will hear ten short conversations between two speakers. At the end of each conversation, a question will be asked about what was said. The c onversations and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a conversation and the question about it, read the four possible answers on your paper, and decide which one is the best answer to the question you have heard. 1. M: How is your husband? W: Allen was sick last week, but now he feels better. Question: What do we learn about Allen? 2. W: What do you do for a living? M: I work for a travel agency, taking tourists to a place and showing them around. Question: What does the man probably do? 3. W: Excuse me, but have we met somewhere before? M: Sorry, I don’t think we have. Question: What do we learn from the conversation?
4. W: I bought some shirts in the new department store. H ow about having a look at them? M: Some shirts? It seems you have bought all shirts in the store. Question: What does the man mean? 5. W: Do you enjoy your life in Manchester? M: Yes, I do. I’m leaving for Chicago or Boston. Anyway, I’ve never regretted my earlier decision. Question: Where does the man live now?
6. W: What do you consider your weakness? M: I’m not good at speaking in public. I feel uncomfortable when I speak in public. Question: What’s the character of the man?
7. W:No mail for me today? They must have forgotten about me. I hope everything is all right at home. M: No news is good news. Remember many things are slow these days. Question: What do we learn from the conversation? 8. W: Let's play tennis outdoors today. M: Sounds good. But we’ve played tennis three times this week, I am tired. Question: What does the man mean? 9. W: Kim says he’s going to stay up all night studying for the exam tomorrow morning. M: Wouldn’t he be better off getting a good night’s sleep so he’ll feel fresh in the morning. Question: What does the man imply? 10. M: How about this house? Three bedrooms, a large kitchen, high ceilings and a big drawing room. W: Not bad. But it takes one hour to get to the station. Question: What’s the woman’s attitude towards the house? Section B Directions: In Section B, you will hear one short passage, and you will be asked three questions on the passage. The passage will be read twice but the questions will be spoken only once. When you hear a question, read the four possible answers on your paper and decide which one would be the best answer to the question you have heard. Questions 11 through 13 are based on the following passage. Whether you love it or hate it, work is a major part of most people’s lives in the world. Americans are no exception. Americans might complain about “blue Monday” when they have to go back to work after the weekend, but most of them put a lot of importance on their job, not only about
money but also about social identity. In fact, when Americans are introduced to a n ew person, they almost always ask each other, “What do you do?” They are re ally asking, “What is your job or profession?” Today, however, we won’t look at work in terms of what work means socially or psyc hologically. We’re going to take a look at work in the United States today in three different ways. First, we’ll take a historical look at work in America. Uh, we’ll do that by looking at how things changed for the American worker from the year 1900 to the year of the latest 2010. Th at is, from the beginning of the twentieth century to recent times. Then we’ll look at how U.S. workers are doing today. And after that, we’ll take a look at some possible reasons for the current economic situation. And finally, we’ll look at what people say about what the gov ernment should manufacture in factories. (Now listen to it again, please.) 11. What does the “blue Monday” mean? 12. Why do Americans put a lot of importance on their jobs? 13. What’s the first point discussed in this passage? Section C Directions: In section C, you will hear a longer conversation. The conversation will be read twice. After you hear the conversation, you are required to fill in the numbered blanks with the information you have heard. Write your answers on your answer sheet. Blanks 14 to 17 are based on the following conversation. Complete the form. Write ONE WORD for each answer. W: John, you look pale. What happened? M: I stayed up last night. W: Did you have something on your mind? You look so concerned! Maybe I can help you! M: Well, I'm under a lot of pressure. My manager assigned me two tasks. Now the deadlines are near but I have finished neither of them. W: Is there anything I can do for you? M: Well, I guess no one can help me but myself. For the moment, I just need someone to talk to so that I can relieve my stress. W: I know your feeling. Take it easy and say something to me if you like. M: Oh, you are so kind. Thank you! W: Not at all! (Now listen to it again, please.)