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锤炼句子-提高英语写作能力的基本之路


安 丘 一 中 曹 化 宗 安丘一中 曹化宗

1、 改变句子的开头方式
句子不要一味都用主语开头,接着是 谓语、宾语,最后再加一个状语。 可以把状语置于句首, 或用分词作状语等。 试比较:

My brother and I went to the cinema by bicycle the other day.


The other day my brother and I went to the cinema by bicycle.

2.The young man couldn’t help crying when he heard the bad news. Hearing the bad news, the young man couldn’t help crying.
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2、在整篇文章中,避免只使用一两 个句式。

在一篇文章中,要灵活运用诸如 强调句、主从复合句、分词短语、 倒装句、省略句等。

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A.强调句 The dog has saved my Little sister bravely. It is the dog that has saved my little sister bravely.
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B.主从复合句 We had to stand there to catch the offender. What we had to do was to stand there,trying to catch the offender.
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C.分词短语,由with或without 引导的短语 The driver escaped and didn’t stop.He left the old man lying on the road. The driver escaped without stopping, leaving the old man lying on the road.
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D.倒装句
I went to bed at 11:30.

Not until 11:30 did I go to bed .

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E.省略句 While you are crossing the street,you should be careful.
(省略结构)

While crossing the street, you should be careful.
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F.通过分句和合句 ,增强句子 的连贯性和表现力 1.He stop us an hour ago .He made us catch the next offfender. He stopped us an hour ago and made us catch the next offender.
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We had a short rest. Then we began to play happily. We sang and danced. After a short rest, we had great fun singing and dancing.
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试改变下列句子,使之变化多样,生动有力

We met at the school gate and went there together early in the morning .
(句序)

Early in themorning, we met …….
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Although I am weak, I will make the effort.
(用as结构)

Weak as I am , I will make the effort .

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They sang and laughed as they went back to school.

(分词)

Singing and laughing, They went back to school.
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He left and didn’t say good-bye.
(with或without结构)

He left without saying goodbye.

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病句

:Open the door, you can see a bed on your left.

Open …, and you….
If you open …, you….
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病句

:Hear the news, I was shocked.

Hearing the news, I was shocked. I was shocked at the news.
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chz

About on-line friends

More and more people make on-line friends on the internet. Differentpeople have different opinions. Some people agree to make on-line friends. It make us can make more friends. They can express their ideas to others. Moreover, it help them to study foreign language. But some people Don’t think is good to make on-line friends. Because they think it is waste of time and it effects our study. Maybe some people to be cheated. We can’t know any on-line friends clearly, so not any of them is goodI think make some online friends is good for us. But we shouldn’t spend too much time on it. Study is more important than it.

视听的时候,只听其音量, 不要试图听明白其内容.

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Opinions. Some people agree to make on-line friends. It make us can make more friends. They can express their ideas to others. Moreover, it help them to study foreign language. But some people
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Don’t think is good to make on-line friends. Because they think it is waste of time and it effects our study. Maybe some people to be cheated. We can’t know any on-line friends clearly, so not any of them is good.
chz

I think make some on-line friends is good for us. But we shouldn’t spend too much time on it. Study is more important than it.

More and more people make on-line friends on the internet. Nowadays, More and more people make on-line friends on the internet. Different people have different

However, ……
chz

Some people agree to make on-line friends.. Some people think it Ok / all right to make on-line friends. It make us can make more friends. It makes it possible for us to make more friends. / It enables us to make more friends.

Moreover, it help them to study foreign language. Moreover, it helps them study foreign languages.

…don’t think is good to make on-line friends …don’t think it good to make on-line friends./ But some people don’t agree/ don’t think so.

We can’t know any on-line friends clearly, We are unable to know any online friends well. so not any of them is good. So be careful! A man’s meat may be another man’s poison!

I think make some on-line friends is good for us. I think making some on-line friends is good for us.
Study is more important than it.

As a student, study is the most important thing. Rember, study always comes first.

? 完成句子

1. She bought a big sofa,___ (serve)(它也可以当床用).

which could also be served as a bed.

2.It takes about two hours to get to their office building,___ (allow) (考虑到路上可能遇到交通耽搁).

allowing for possible traffic delays.

3.Though it looked like rain this morning,___ (turn out)(结果却是晴天).

It has turned out to be a fine day.

4.The audiences ___ (get)(变得慌乱起来) about the fire in the theatre. got into a panic.

5 He___ (witness)(作证说看 见) the man enter the shop. witnessed to have seen.

6.He drove his car slowly ___(avoid)(以免撞着行人或被撞). to avoid hitting passengers or being hit.

7. ___(give)(多给我们一点时 间), we could do much better.

given more time

8.___ (difference)(无所谓) whether he comes or not. It makes no difference.

9.Do you have any difficulty in reading ___ (document)(所有法律文件) on foreign trade?

all the legal documents.

10.______ (belief)(是我们的 信念) that improvements in health care will lead to a stronger, more prosperous economy.

It is our belief

Bye-bye

一 中 曹 化 宗


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