2015 学年第一学期交大附中诊断测试 高三年级 英语
(2015 年 10 月 23 日)
考生注意： 1. 考试时间 120 分钟，试卷满分 150 分。 2. 本考试设答题卡和答题纸两部分。答题卡题号(第 1-16 题，41-77 题)必须和试卷题号一一对应，不 要错位(答题卡题号 17-40 是空着的)。
第 I 卷 (共103分)
I. Listening Comprehension Section A Directions: In Section A, you will hear ten short conversations between two speakers. At the end of each conversation, a question will be asked about what was said. The conversation and the question will be spoken only once. After you hear a conversation and the question about it, read the four possible answers on your paper, and decide which one is the best answer to the question you have heard. 1. A. At 10:30. B. At 10:50. C. At 11:20. D. At 11:30. 2. A. Having an interview. B. Filling out a form. C. Talking with his friend. D. Asking for information. 3. A. A shop assistant. B. A telephone operator. C. A waitress. D. A clerk. 4. A. At home. B. In an office. C. In a car. D. On the street. 5. A. A railway porter. B. A telephone operator. C. A bus conductor. D. A postal clerk. 6. A. A father and a son. B. A teacher and his student. C. A student and his classmate. D. A librarian and a student. 7. A. A movie. B. A lecture. C. A play. D. A speech. 8. A. The man won’t become a superstar. B. The man has no gift for table tennis. C. The man should find a new partner. D. The man should not give up. 9. A. His injury kept him at home. B. He didn’t consider it necessary. C. He was too weak to see the doctor. D. He failed to make an appointment. 10. A. He wants to get a new position. B. He is asking the woman for help. C. He has left the woman a good impression. D. He enjoys letter writing. Section B Passages Directions: In Part B, you will hear two short passages, and you will be asked three questions on each of the passages. The passages will be read twice, but the questions will be spoken only once. When you hear a question, read the four possible answers on your paper and decide which one would be the best answer to the question you have heard.
Questions 11 through 13 are based on the following passage. 11. A. On Tuesdays and Wednesdays. B. On Tuesdays and Thursdays. C. On Wednesdays and Thursdays. D. On Tuesdays and Fridays. 12. A. Once a week. B. Twice a week. C. Once a month. D. Twice a month. 13. A. Classroom tests. B. Attendance rate. C. Research papers. D. Final exam. Questions 14 through 16 are based on the following passage. 14. A. Music. B. Books. C. Films. D. Photographs. 15. A. Poverty. B. Disasters. C. Racial injustice. D. Crime. 16. A. He was the first director of Hollywood. B. He was born in Middle Eastern Africa. C. He lived a poor life in his childhood. D. He picked up photography in 1912. Section C Longer Conversations Blanks 17 through 20 are based on the following conversation. Name of the restaurant: Day reserved for: Number of people to come: Family name of the customer: Pink __17__ Restaurant. __18__, 22nd. __19__. __20__.
Complete the form. Write ONE WORD for each answer. Blanks 21 through 24 are based on the following conversation. Why does the man do sports in his spare time? What kind of sports does the man prefer? How often does the woman do yoga? What does the woman enjoy reading? Because he wants to __21__. He enjoys __22__. __23__. Novels, __24__, biographies…
Complete the form. Write NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS for each answer. II. Grammar and Vocabulary Section A Directions: Read the following passage. For some blanks, there is a word given in the brackets. Fill in each of these blanks with the proper form of the given word. Fill in the other blanks with words that are correct in structure and proper in meaning. There is a picture in my living room that advises me to “Bloom where you are planted.” It reminds me of Dorothy. I got to know Dorothy in the early 1980s, (25) __________ I was teaching Early Childhood Development through a program with Union College in Barbourville, Kentucky. The job responsibilities required occasional visits (26) __________ the classroom of each teacher in the program. Dorothy stands out in my memory as one who “bloomed” in her remote area. Dorothy (27) __________ (teach) in a school In Harlan County, Kentucky, Appalachian Mountain area. To get to her school from the town of Harlan, I followed a road (28) __________ (wind) around the mountain. In the eight-mile journey, I crossed the same railroad track five times, giving (29) __________ possibility of getting caught by the same train five times. Rather than feeling excited by this drive through
the mountains, I found it depressing. The poverty level was shocking and the small shabby houses gave me (30) __________ (great) feeling of hopelessness. From the moment of my arrival at the little school, all gloom disappeared. Upon arriving at Dorothy’s classroom, I (31) __________ (greet) with smiling faces and treated like a queen. The children had been prepared to show me their latest projects. Dorothy told me with a big smile (32) __________ they were serving poke greens salad and cornbread for dinner. In case you don’t know, poke greens are a weed-type plant that grows wild, especially on poor ground. B In W. H. Armstrong’s opinion, reading doesn’t just mean (33) __________ (recognize) each word on the page; it means taking in the information, digesting it and incorporating it into oneself just (34) __________ one digests a sandwich and makes it a part of himself. The goal is (35) __________ (bring) the information back to life, not just to treat it as dead facts on paper from dead trees. Reading and writing cannot be completely separated from each other; in fact, the aim of reading is to express the information you have got from the text. I’ve seen it again and again: (36) __________ who can’t express an idea after reading a text is just as ineffective as someone who hasn’t read it at all. Only a third of the book remains after that discussion, (37) __________ Armstrong devotes to specific tips for studying languages, math, science and history. Well, he was a history teacher — if (38) __________ (convey) only a tenth of his passion to his students, that was a hundred times more than my history teachers ever got across. To my disappointment, in this part of the book he ignores the arts. As a matter of fact, they demand all the concentration and study that math and science do, (39) __________ the study differs slightly in kind. Although it’s commonly believed that the arts (40) __________ only be naturally acquired, actually, learning the arts is no more natural than learning French or mathematics. My other comment is that the text aged. The first edition apparently dates to the 1960s —none of the references seem newer than the late 1950s. As a result, the discussion misses the entire computer age. Section B Directions: Complete the following passage by using the words in the box. Each word can only be used once. Note that there is one word more than you need. A. academic G. surrounded B. interracial H. resulting C. provided I. slowly D. decrease J. interacted E. likely K. randomly F. live
Several recent studies have found that being randomly assigned to a roommate of another race can lead to increased tolerance but also to a greater likelihood of conflict. Recent reports found that lodging with a student of a different race might (41) __________ prejudice and compel students to engage in more ethnically diverse friendships. An Ohio State University study also found that black students living with a white roommate saw higher (42) __________ success throughout their college careers. Researchers believe this may be caused by social pressure. In a New York Times article, Sam Boakye, the only black student on his freshman year floor said that "if you're (43) __________ by whites, you have something to prove." Researchers also observed problems (44) __________ from pairing interracial students in residences. According to two recent studies, randomly assigned roommates of different races are more (45) __________ to experience conflicts so strained that one roommate will move out. An Indiana University study found that interracial roommates were three times as likely as two white roommates to no longer (46) __________ together by the end of the semester.
Grace Kao, a professor at Penn said she was not surprised by the findings. "This may be the first time that some of these students have (47) __________, and lived, with someone of a different race," she said. At Penn, students are not asked to indicate race when applying for housing. "One of the great things about freshman housing is that, with some exceptions, the process throws you together (48) __________," said Undergraduate Assembly chairman Alec Webley. "This is the definition of integration." "I've experienced roommate conflicts between (49) __________ students that have both broken down stereotypes and reinforced stereotypes," said one Penn resident advisor (RA). The RA of two years added that while some conflicts (50) __________ more multicultural acceptance and mixing, there were also more cultural confrontations. The RA said that these conflicts have also occurred among roommates of the same race. III. Reading Comprehension Section A Directions: For each blank in the following passage there are four words or phrases marked A, B, C and D. Fill in each blank with the word or phrase that best fits the context. On Monday, nearly half a century after her life-changing quest began, Tu was awarded the Nobel Prize in medicine for her role in creating a drug that helped reduce malaria (疟疾) death rates in Africa and Asia, saving millions of lives. Yet for all her (51) __________, Tu, who is now 84, remains a little known figure, even in her native China where she had drifted into (52) __________ despite the achievements of her discovery. As news of Tu’s victory reached her native land on Monday night, one fan wrote on Weibo, China’s Twitter: “(53) __________ at last!” Tu was born in Ningbo, a port city about 140 miles south of Shanghai, in 1930. She was named after a verse in the Book of Songs, a collection of ancient Chinese poetry that is believed to have been (54) __________ by Confucius. She enrolled at the Peking University School of Medicine and graduated from its Department of Pharmacology four years later. From university Tu moved to the Academy of Traditional Chinese Medicine. She married Li Tingzhao, a (55) __________ school classmate and factory worker with whom she would have two daughters, and (56) __________ down in Beijing. Then, in 1969, everything changed when Tu was (57) __________ to a medical research project so secret it was known only as “523”. Tu was tasked with searching in nature for a new malaria (58) __________ and was sent to Hainan, a tropical island off China’s southern coast that has long (59) __________ with its blight. There, in the hot rainforests of southern China, Tu witnessed up close the mosquito-borne disease’s devastating toll on the human body. “I saw a lot of children who were in the latest (60) __________ of malaria,” she told New Scientist in 2011. “Those kids died very quickly.” But it was in ancient Chinese (61) __________ that Tu found the key to beating the disease. Back in Beijing, Tu and her team searched books about traditional Chinese medicine for leads on (62) __________ that might help them defeat malaria. Tu’s team put it to the test. At first the results were (63) __________ but after much persistence the researchers identified an active compound in the plant that attacked malaria-causing parasites (寄生物) in the blood and would later become known as artemisinin(青蒿素). Not (64) __________ with identifying the remedy, which thus far had only been tested on animals, Tu took it upon herself to test it. “As the head of this research group, I had the (65) __________,” she said. 51. A. ambitions 52. A. obscurity B. dreams B. community
C. achievements C. sincerity
D. beliefs D. security
53. A. Risked 54. A. made 55. A. former 56. A. maintained 57. A. utilized 58. A. treatment 59. A. contributed 60. A. collections 61. A. compositions 62. A. puzzles 63. A. combined 64. A. complex 65. A. responsibility
B. Spoken B. compiled B. formal B. resolved B. created B. addition B. devoted B. connections B. manuscripts B. subjects B. interrupted B. similar B. devotion
C. Agreed C. invented C. mature C. adopted C. recruited C. conclusion C. fought C. stages C. preferences C. substances C. mixed C. dependent C. creativity
D. Recognised D. discovered D. complicated D. settled D. cultivated D. therapy D. struggled D. links D. theories D. matters D. organized D. content D. innovation
Section B Directions: Read the following four passages. Each passage is followed by several questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one that fits best according to the information given in the passage you have just read. (A) Merchant and passenger ships are generally required to have a life preserver (救生衣) for every person aboard and in many cases, a certain percentage of smaller sizes for children. According to United States requirements, life preservers must be designed to be worn with either side of the cloth showing, capable of being quickly adjusted to fit the inexperienced individual, and must be so designed as to support the wearer in the water in an upright or slightly backward position. Sufficient buoyancy (浮力) to support the wearer should be retained by the life preserver after 48 hours in the water, and it should be reliable even after long period of storage. Thus it should be made of materials resistant to sunlight, gasoline, and oils, and it should be not easily set on fire? The position in which the life preserver will support a person who jumps or falls into the water is most important, as is its tendency to turn the wearer in the water from a face-down position to an upright or slightly backward position, with his face clear of the water, even when the wearer is exhausted or unconscious. The method of adjustment to the body should be simple, and self-evident to inexperienced persons even in the dark under the confused conditions, which follow a disaster. Thus, the life preserver should be reversible that it is nearly impossible to get it on wrong. Catches, straps, and ties should be kept to a minimum. In addition, the life preserver must be adjustable to the wide variety of shapes and sizes of wearers, since this greatly affects the position of floating and the self-righting qualities. A suitable life also be comfortable to wear at all times, in and out of the water, not so heavy as to encourage to take it off on shipboard while the ship is in danger, nor so burdensome that it hinders a person in the water while trying to swim. 66. The passage is mainly about __________. A. the uses of life preservers B. the design of life preservers C. the materials for life preservers D. the buoyancy of life preservers
67. According to the passage, a life preserver should be first of all __________. A. adjustable B. comfortable C. self-evident D. self-righting 68. United States Coast Guard does NOT require the life preserver to be made __________. A. with as few strings as possible B. capable of being worn on both sides C. according to each wearer's size D. comfortable and light to wear 69. What would happen if a person were supported by the life preserver in a wrong position? A. The waves would move him backwards. B. The water would choke him. C. He would immediately sink to the bottom. D. He would be exhausted or unconscious. (B) Women, drinking three or more cups of coffee a day, were 30 percent less likely to have memory decline at age 65 than those drinking one cup or less daily. And the benefit increased with age. Women over age 80 who drank three or more cups of coffee a day were about 70 percent less likely to have memory decline than those who drank one cup or less, the researchers said. Caffeinated tea had the same effect in the women，the study found, although more was needed to get the same caffeine boost. "Count roughly two cups of tea for a cup of coffee," said study leader Karen Ritchie of INSERM, the French National Institute for Health and Medical Research. But the researchers didn't find a similarly protective effect in men, although other studies have found a benefit to males. How might caffeine help ward off cognitive decline? "It is a cognitive stimulant." said Ritchie. It also helps to reduce levels of the protein called beta amyloid in the brain, she said, "whose accumulation is responsible for Alzheimer's disease but which also occurs in normal aging." Ritchie said she wasn't sure why men in the study didn't benefit from caffeine. "Our hypothesis is that either women metabolize caffeine differently than men, or there may be an interaction of the caffeine with the sex hormones, the estrogen-progesterone balance," she said. The French study confirms previous research, said William Scott, professor of medicine at the University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, who has researched caffeine's beneficial effects against Parkinson's disease, also a neurodegenerative disorder. As for caffeine only protecting women, Scott noted that just 2,800 of the 7,000 study participants were men, and the results might have differed if more men were included. A study published in February in the European Journal of Clinical Nutrition looked at 676 healthy men and found that regular coffee drinkers had a lower rate of cognitive decline over a 10-year follow-up than those who didn't drink coffee. Those who drank three cups daily had the least signs of decline. Both Scott and Ritchie agreed that more study is needed. Ritchie's research will next look at the relationship between caffeine and Alzheimer's. 70. As it is indicated in the 1st paragraph, how does coffee influence women’s memory? A. The older the woman was, the more slowly her memory declined. B. The more coffee the woman drank, the more slowly her memory declined.
C. The older the woman was, the more remarkable her memory was. D. The more coffee the woman drank, the more remarkable her memory was. 71. What is true about caffeinated tea? A. It affected women’s memory in the same manner as coffee. B. It influenced women’s memory as effectively as coffee. C. It boosted women’s memory in the same rate as coffee. D. It contained the same amount of caffeine as coffee. 72. According to Ritchie. Alzheimer's disease is resulted from __________. A. the lack of caffeine in the brain B. the accumulation of beta amyloid C. high level of proteins in the brain D. abnormal metabolism in normal aging 73. William Scott would most probably agree that caffeine helped __________. A. reduce the risk of Alzheimer's disease B. protect both men and women from diseases C. balance the production of female hormones D. delay the process of cognitive decline (C) If our solar system has a Hell, it's Venus. The air is choked with foul and corrosive sulfur from ancient volcanoes and feeding acid clouds above. Although the second planet is a step farther from the sun than Mercury, a runaway greenhouse effect makes it hotter indeed. It's the hottest of the nine plants, a toasty 900 degrees Fahrenheit of baking rocky flats from equator to poles. All this under a crushing atmospheric pressure 90 times that of where you're sitting now. From the earthly perspective, it is a dead end. It must be lifeless. "Venus has nothing," is the blunt word from planetologist Kevin Zahnle of NASA Ames Research Center in California's Silicon Valley. "We've written it off. " Yet a small group of advanced life-forms on Earth begs to differ, and theorizes that bizarre microbial ecosystems might have once populated Venus and, in fact, may be there still. Members of this loose band of researchers suggest that their colleagues have water too much on the brain, and are, in a sense, H2O chauvinists（盲目者）． "Astrobiologists are neglecting Venus due more to narrow thinking than actual knowledge of the environment, or environments, where life can thrive." says Dirk Schulze-Makuch, a geobiologist at the University of Texas at El Paso who recently co-authored a Venus-boosting paper in Astrobiology with colleague Louis Irwin. The bias against life on Venus is partly rooted in our own biology. Human experience instructs that liquid water, preferably lot of it, is essential for life. In search for extraterrestrial life, we obsess over small rivers in Mars' surface apparently carved by ancient gushes of water, and delight in hints of permafrost just underneath its surface. (By comparison, Venus isn't even that interesting to look at: A boring cue ball for backyard astronomers, its clouds reflects 75% of visible light.) Attention and then funding follow the water: Three more landers will depart for Mars this spring, and serious plans for sample-return missions hover in the midterm future. "If you have limited resources, you base exploration on what you know." says Arizona State University planetary geologist Ronal Greeley. It's like losing your keys on the way home at night: The first
place you look is under the streetlights not because they're more likely to be there, but because if they are. You’ll spot them. For astrobiologists, the streetlights are the spectral lines for water, and they've spotted that potential on Mars, Jupiter's moon Europa, even Neptune's moon Triton. Not on the baking rocky flats of Venus. 74. Venus is the hottest of all the nine planets in the solar system because __________. A. it is not so close to the sun as Mercury B. greenhouse effect is uncontrollable on it C. it is covered by a thick layer of cloud D. many volcanoes spread the whole planet 75. Some planetologists believed there had never been lives on Venus because __________. A. they couldn't find any trace of water on it B. they found Venus is too hot for any Jives C. Venus is covered by dirty and poisonous cloud D. Venus is the second nearest planet to the sun 76. It can be inferred from the passage that the small group of advanced life forms on Earth believed that __________. A. life could exist in hot environment B. life could exist without water C. there are still lives on Venus D. there used to be lives on Mars 77. What do we learn from the passage about Venus and Mars? A. The atmospheric pressure of Venus is stronger than that of Mars. B. Venus attracts more attention and funding than Mars. C. Venus is closer to the sun than Mars. D. Venus looks more beautiful than Mars. Section C Directions: Read the passage carefully. Then answer the questions or complete the statements in the fewest possible words. In fact, Chinese have been in the United States for almost two hundred years. The Chinese had business relations with Hawaii prior to relations with the mainland when Hawaii was not yet part of the United States. But United States investments controlled the capital of Hawaii at that time. In 1788,a ship sailed from Guangzhou to Hawaii. Most of the crewmen were Chinese. They were considered the pioneers of Hawaii. The Immigration Commission reported that the first Chinese arrived in the United States in 1820. eight in 1830 and seven hundred and eighty in 1850. The Chinese population gradually increased and reached 64,199 in 1870. For many years it was common in the United States to associate Chinese Americans with restaurants and laundries. People did not realize that the Chinese had been driven into these occupations by the prejudice and discrimination that faced them in this country. The First Chinese to reach the mainland United States came during the California Gold Rush of 1849. Like most of the other people there, they had come to search for gold. In that largely unoccupied land, the men staked a claim for themselves by placing markers in the ground. However, either because the Chinese were so different from the others or because they worked so patiently that they sometimes succeeded in
turning a seemingly worthless mining claim into a profitable one, they became the scapegoats of their envious competitors. They were harassed in many ways. Often they were prevented from working their claims; some localities even passed regulations forbidding them to own claims. The Chinese therefore started to seek out other ways of earning a living. Some of them began to do the laundry for the white miners; others set up small restaurants. (There were almost no women in California in those days, and the Chinese filled a real need by doing this “woman's work”.) Some went to work as farmhands or as fishermen. In the early 1860's many more Chinese arrived in California. This time the men were imported as work crews to construct the first transcontinental railroad. They were sorely needed because the work was so strenuous and dangerous, and it was carried on in such a remote part of the country that the railroad company could not find other laborers for the job. As in the case of their predecessors, these Chinese were almost all males; and like them, too, they encountered a great deal of prejudice. The hostility grew especially strong after the railroad project was complete, and the imported laborers returned to California-thousands of them, all out of work. Because there were so many more of them this time, these Chinese drew even more attention than the earlier group did. They were so very different in every respect: in their physical appearance, including a long “pigtail” at the back of their otherwise shaved heads; in the strange, non-Western clothes they wore; in their speech (few had learned English since they planned to go back to China); and in their religion. They were contemptuously called “heathen Chinese” because there were many sacred images in their houses of worship. When times were hard, they were blamed for working for lower wages and taking jobs away from white men, who were in many cases recent immigrants themselves. Anti-Chinese riots broke out in several cities, culminating in arson and bloodshed. Chinese were barred from using the courts and also from becoming American citizens. Californians began to demand that no more Chinese be permitted to enter their state. Finally, in 1882, they persuaded Congress to pass the Chinese Exclusion Act, which stopped the immigration of Chinese laborers. Many Chinese returned to their homeland, and their numbers declined sharply in the early part of this century. However, during the World War II, when China was an ally of the United States, the Exclusion laws were ended; a small number of Chinese were allowed to immigrate each year, and Chinese could become American citizens. In 1965, in a general revision of our immigration laws, many more Chinese were permitted to settle here, as discrimination against Asian immigration was abolished. (Note: Answer the questions or complete the statements in NO MORE THAN 10 WORDS.) 78. 79. 80. 81. Most Chinese Americans worked in restaurants and laundries because of _______________________. In the early l860's, more Chinese were shipped to California to work as ________________________. Few Chinese learned English at that time because __________________________________________. The Immigration laws were at last revised so that __________________________________________.
第 II卷 (共 47分 )
I. Translation Directions: Translate the following sentences into English, using the words given in the brackets. 1. 只要你不断努力，迟早会实现你做一名教师的理想。 （as long as） 2. 在美国许多父母在孩子出生之前就为他们的未来教育留出一笔专款。(set aside)
3. 教授走进教室时，学生们正兴致勃勃地谈论习主席出访美国的情况。(the moment) 4. 人类历史上从来没有像今天这样人们如此依赖汽油，也从未对环境造成过如此严重的污染。 (Never) 5. 如果极地的冰帽开始融化，沿海城市中一半的建筑物很可能会消失在噼啪飞溅的海浪下面。 （it is likely …） Ⅱ. Guided Writing Directions: Write an English composition in 120 - 150 words according to the instructions given below in Chinese. 北京、上海等城市的公交车和地铁车箱内，有禁止吃早点饮食的详细明文规定。对于禁止在地铁和 公交车上吃东西， 有人表示赞成， 有人则表示反对。 请以 Should Food Be Banned on the Subway?为题， 写一篇短文，说说你的看法。