北京四中 2009-2010 学年度第一学期期中测验高三年级英语试卷
(本卷满分 150 分，考试时间 120 分钟)
第一卷 （三部分，共 115 分） 第一部分：听力（共两节，满分 30 分）
第一节（共 5 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 7.5 分） 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选
出最佳 选项，并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后，你都有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和 阅读下一小题。每段对话你将听一遍。 1. What has the man bought for his wife? A. Tennis shoes. B. Music records. C. Nothing yet.
2. Who is the man? A. A seller. B. A writer. C. A publisher
3. What is the weather like now? A. Windy. B. Foggy. C. Sunny.
4. What does the man think of the woman’s worry? A. It’s reasonable. B. It’s unnecessary. C. It’s unthinkable.
5. Where are the English teachers meeting? A. In the teachers’ office. meeting-room. B. In the reading-room. C. In the
第二节（共 15 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 22.5 分） 听下面 5 段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选 项中选出最佳选项，并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前，你将有时间阅读各个小 题， 每小题 5 秒钟； 听完后， 各小题将给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。 每段对话或独白你将听两遍。 听第 6 段材料，回答第 6 至第 7 题。 6. What kind of room does the man want? A. A single room. B. A double room. C. Two single rooms.
7. When will the man leave the hotel? A. On July 11th. B. On June 14th. C. On June 15th.
听第 7 段材料，回答第 8 至第 10 题。 8. Who is the man? A. A doctor. B. A driver. C. A passenger.
9. What is the trouble with the woman in the car? A. She is going to give birth. B. She is suffering from some disease. C. She has been hurt in an accident.
10. Where is the man now? A. At the hospital nearby. B. In the Washington Tunnel. C. On the Lincoln Expressway.
听第 8 段材料，回答第 11 至第 13 题。 11. How long has the man been ill? A. Since Friday. B. Since Saturday. C. Since Sunday.
12. How should the man take the doctor’s medicine? A. Twice a day before meals. B. Three times a day after meals. C. Four times a day during meals.
13. What does the woman suggest the man do? A. Go to a dance. B. See the doctor again. C. Drink some special tea.
听第 9 段材料，回答第 14 至第 17 题。 14. What is the man’s uncle? A. A boat owner. B. A lab owner. C. A restaurant owner.
15. Where will the woman be working during July? A. In the lab. B. On a boat. C. On the shore.
16. What is the best time to go to the coast? A. June. B. July. C. August.
17. What can we learn from the conversation? A. The woman will keep in touch with the man. B. The woman will work in Nantucket in August. C. The town will get crowded with tourists in June.
听第 10 段材料，回答第 18 至第 20 题。(每空限填一个词) Advertising on 1. Be careful not to be (18)________ or tricked. the web (Warning) 2. A (19)________ doesn’t mean being cheap. 3. A new product may only change the package design.
Shopping Online When buying a camera, 1. Check its (20)___________. 2. Download pictures.
第二部分：英语知识运用（共两节，满分 45 分）
第一节 单项填空（共 15 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 15 分） 从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出可以填入空白处的正确答案，并在答题纸上将该项涂 黑。 21. ----Did you happen to see ____ black and ____ white cat? ----Is she missing? I told you to take care of her. A. the; the B. the; / C. a; / D. a; the
22. Of the two, I would prefer ____ camera, which is very easy for me to carry. A. a small B. a smaller C. the small D. the smaller
23. ____ you want to remember its usage, you’d better make a sentence with the new word. A. Unless B. While C. Now that D. Even if
24. I _____ on a sofa because my grandparents have come for the weekend. A. slept B. was sleeping C. have slept D. am sleeping
25. I am glad that you have managed to come. You ___ have brought wine. We’
ve got plenty. A. wouldn’t B. couldn’t C. mustn’t D. needn’t
26. I would rather buy a house in the suburb than ____ in the city. A. it B. one C. this D. that
27. He feels that his health ____ owing to ____ a long walk every other day. A. is improving; taking C. improved; taken B. has been improved; being taken D. is improving; have taken
28. She might have been in time for the train, but she _______late. A. started B. has started C. was to start D. had started
29. --- I think we have met the word before. --- Yes. It is in the reading material ____ we ____ reading yesterday. A. that; did B. that; were C. when; were D. when; did
30. --- What do you enjoy most ____ in the summer holidays? --- Playing table tennis. A. killing time C. spending the time B. to kill time D. to spend the time
31. --- Shall I give you a ride since you live so far away? --- Thank you. ____. A. It couldn’t be better C. If you like B. Of course you can D. If you are convenient
32. ----I didn’t pass the English exam. ----____ next time, and you’ll succeed. A. Working hard C. To work hard B. Work hard D. With hard work
33. With the weather getting colder, visitors from Australia spent their _____ days in Beijing.
A. a few last
B. last few
C. few last
D. last a few
34. --- Have you thought of the topic for the composition? ---Not yet, I _______ it very carefully, but I haven’t decided. A. will consider C. had considered B. have been considering D. was considering
35. Her question was so difficult that I could hardly make any ____ of it at all. A. explanation B. meaning C. sense D. idea
第二节 完形填空（共 20 小题；每小题 1.5 分，共 30 分） 阅读下面短文，掌握其大意，然后从各题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出可以填 入空白处的最佳选项，并在答题纸上将该项涂黑。 I had my first job at the age of thirteen, when a friend of my mother’s who owned a book shop 36 me for six hours a week to help her in the shop. I was very 38 interfered with how I spent
37 to earn my own pocket money and my parents it, even when I was spending it it, and learning from the 39
. They believed that by earning money, spending 41 about how
40 , I would become more mature and
to handle work, relationships with others, and money. Like many which they 42 parents, my parents also let me and my brothers do things over 43 a great deal. When I was sixteen, for example, after I finished
high school and before I entered university, I wanted to spend the summer months traveling around 44 . My mother was against the idea of my traveling alone at 45 for me. In the
such a young age, but my father felt that it would be a great end, my father won the
46 on the condition that I limited my traveling to France, 47 through the
my mother’s home, where I had many uncles, aunts and cousins country who could 48 shelter and help if I needed them. 49
Three years later, my younger brother decided to
a year off after his first
year in university and travel through the United States and the Caribbean. Again my mother was very worried and not 50 to see my brother leave school, but my father 51 year working his way on trains and ships
encouraged him and my brother had a(n) to 52
passage to different ports and cities, and discovering many fascinating
places and people. These kinds of experiences are probably rare for children in many countries but
in the US they are fairly
53 . Most parents start
54 their children at a young
age to do small things by themselves. By the time they have finished high school, many American kids have already had part-time jobs, traveled around the US or other countries on their own, have 55 the university they plan to attend and maybe even
decided on their future career, and so on. 36. A. taught 37. A. anxious 38. A. never 39. A. quickly 40. A. work 41. A. strict 42. A. American 43. A. helped 44. A. Asia 45. A. journey 46. A. argument 47. A. send out 48. A. promise 49. A. leave 50. A. angry 51. A. unusual 52. A. accept 53. A. welcome 54. A. bringing 55. A. selected B. allowed B. content B. ever B. foolishly B. mistakes B. reasonable B. Japanese B. supported B. Africa B. experience B. game B. give out B. afford B. make B. eager B. hard B. earn B. fit B. forcing B. admired C. treated C. proud C. always C. seriously C. others C. polite C. Chinese C. shared C. Europe C. chance C. discussion C. carry out C. provide C. take C. sorry C. strange C. find C. necessary C. pushing C. afforded D. hired D. hopeful D. even D. honestly D. books D. responsible D. British D. worried D. Oceania D. possibility D. plan D. spread out D. serve D. prepare D. sad D. busy D. search D. common D. protecting D. left
第三部分：阅读理解（共 20 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 40 分）
阅读下列短文，从每题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出最佳选项，并在答题纸上 将该项涂黑。 A Stepping into a pool of water is common enough, but who could ever imagine stepping into a pool of fish? In February of 1974, Bill Tapp, an Australian farmer, saw a rain of fish that covered his farm. How surprised he must have been when he heard many fish hitting against his roof! What caused this strange occurrence? This is a question that had long puzzled
people who study fish. The answer turned out to be a combination of wind and storm. When it is spring in the northern part of the world, it is fall in Australia. Throughout the autumn season, terrible storms arise and rains flood the land. The strong winds sweep over Australia like huge vacuum cleaners, collecting seaweed, pieces of wood, and even schools of fish. Strong winds may carry these bits of nature for many miles before dropping them on fields, houses, and astonished people. Although they seem unusual, fish-falls occur quite frequently in Australia. When Bill Tapp was asked to describe the scene of fish, he remarked, “They look like millions of dead birds falling down.” His statement is not surprising. The wonders of the natural world are as common as rain. Nature, with its infinite wonders, can create waterfalls that flow upward and fish that fall out of the sky.
56. What is this passage about? A. A sad story. C. Australia’s northern part. B. A rain of fish. D. The damage done by floods.
57. Fish-falls occur in Australia_________ . A. quite often C. only in winter B. on large farms D. when the air is calm
58. It is a known fact that ________. A. one should watch where one steps B. Bill Tapp is a scientist who studies farming C. the natural world can never create waterfalls that fall upward D. the seasons in the southern part are different from those in the northern part
59. The word “infinite” is closest in meaning to _________. A. easy B. difficult C. countless D. dangerous
B Exchange a glance with someone, and then look away. Do you realize that you have made a statement? Hold the glance for a second longer and you have made a different statement. Hold it for 3 seconds, and the meaning has changed again. For every social situation, there is a permissible time that you can hold a person’s stare without
being friendly, rude, or aggressive. If you are on a lift, what stare-time are you permitted? To answer this question, consider what you typically do. You very likely give other passengers a quick glance to size them up and to assure them that you mean no harm. Since being close to another person signals the possibility of interaction, you need to send out a signal telling others you want to be left alone. So you cut off eye contacts. That is what sociologist Erving Goffiman calls “a dimming of the lights”. You look down at the floor, at the indicator lights, anywhere but into another passenger’s eyes. Should you break the rule against staring at a stranger on a lift, you will make the other person extremely uncomfortable, and you are likely to feel a bit strange yourself. If you hold eye contacts for more than 3 seconds, what are you telling another person? Much depends on the person and the situation. For instance, a man and a woman communicate interest in this manner. They stare at each other for about 3 seconds at a time, and then drop their eyes down for 3 seconds, before letting their eyes meet again. But if one man gives another man a 3-second-plus stare, he signals, “I know you”, “I am interested in you” or “You look peculiar and I am curious about you.” This type of stare often produces hostile feelings.
60. It can be inferred from the first paragraph that ______. A. every glance has its significance B. a glance carries more meaning than words C. a stare longer than 3 seconds is unacceptable D. staring at a person is an expression of interest
61. If you want to be left alone on a lift the best thing to do is ______. A. to look into another passenger’s eyes B. to keep a distance from other passengers C. to avoid eye contacts with other passengers D. to signal you don’t mean to do harm to anyone
62. By “a dimming of the lights”, Erving Goffiman means ______. A. closing one’s eyes C. stopping glancing at others B. turning off the lights D. reducing stare-time to the minimum
63. The passage mainly discusses ______.
A. the limitations of eye contacts B. the exchange of ideas through eye contacts C. proper behavior in different situations in people’s daily life D. the role of eye contacts in communication between people
C The Festival of Cultures August 11-14 City Park The Festival of Cultures is an annual event to celebrate the wide range of cultures found in our great state. People representing 40 cultural groups will share their traditions and customs. Here are just a few of the festival’s many activities. Crafts: See the fine art of basket weaving from Vietnam and Zimbabwe. Watch the delicate art of making paper umbrellas from Thailand and the decorative craft of paperl picado, or paper cutting, from Mexico. All craft demonstrations provide a firsthand view of how things are made. You will appreciate the process involved in making these products. Music and Dance: Experience musical instruments that you have never heard before. Listening to the music of a sho from Japan, a bull-roarer from Australia, a sitar from India, and a chakay from Thailand. You will also be entertained by folk dances from around the world, such as the troika from Russia and the mayim mayim from Israel. From 1:00 P.M. to 3:00 P.M. on August 14, special folk-dancing classes for children will be offered. Children ranging in age from 6-8 can learn the kinderpolka from Germany. Children ranging in age from 9-12 can learn the raspa from Mexico. Storytelling: Listen for hours as professional storytellers charm you with captivating tales. Fables, folktales, and ballads from various countries will be told. By popular demand, Gwendolyn Washington, a famous African American storyteller, is back. Food: Enjoy irresistible foods from other countries, such as gyros from Greece, seafood paella from Spain, crepes from France, and tandoori chicken from India. These tasty dishes will be difficult to pass up. Tickets Adults Ages 13-18 August 11-13 $3 $2 Tickets Adults Ages 13-18 August 14 $3 $2
Ages 6-12 Ages 6 and under Free
Ages 12 and under Free
The Festival of Cultures is sponsored by the World Marketplace. For more information about the festival, call (800) 555-0199.
64. Which of the following are from Mexico? A. The paper cutting and troika. C. The paperl picado and the raspa. B. The kinderpolka and sitar. D. The mayim mayim and the gyros.
65. A family with two children at the age of 8 and 16 are going to the festival on August 12. How much money will they pay for the festival? A. $5. B. $6. C. $8. D. $9.
66. What do we know about the festival? A. Children will have a chance to learn different folk-dancing. B. Storyteller Gwendolyn is invited to the festival for the first time. C. People will be offered opportunities to play musical instruments. D. Visitors can make paper umbrellas from their first-hand experience.
67. What’s the purpose of writing this passage? A. To advertise for the World Marketplace. B. To introduce a wide range of cultural traditions. C. To explain the great significance of popularizing the festival. D. To persuade readers to attend the festival held in the City Park.
D Like most people, I’ve long understood that I’ll be judged by my occupation, that my profession is used by people to see how talented I am. Recently, however, I was disappointed to see that it also decides how I’m treated as a person. Last year I left a professional position as a small-town reporter and took a job waiting tables. As someone paid to serve food to people, I had customers say and do things to me I suppose they’d never say or do to the people they know. One night a man talking on his cell phone waved me away, then called me back with his finger a minute later, saying angrily that he was ready to order and asking where
I’d been. I had waited tables during summers in college and was treated like a peon（勤 杂工） by plenty of people. But at 19 years old, I believed I deserved inferior （低等的）treatment from professional adults. Besides, people responded to me differently after I told them I was in college. Customers would joke that one day I’d be sitting at their table, waiting to be served. Once I graduated I took a job at a community newspaper. From my first day, I heard a respectful tone from everyone who called me. I assumed this was the way the professional world worked--- politely and formally. I soon found out differently. I sat several feet away from a person in advertising department with a similar name. Our calls would often get mixed up and someone asking for Kristen would be transferred to Christie. The mistake was immediately clear. Perhaps it was because of money, but people used a tone with Kristen that they never used with me. It’s no secret that there’s a lot to put up with when waiting tables, and fortunately, much of it can be easily forgotten when you pocket the tips. The service industry exists to meet others’ needs. Still, it seemed that many of my customers didn’t get the difference between server and servant. I’m now applying to graduate school, which means someday I’ll return to a profession where people need to be nice to me in order to get what they want. I think I’ll take them to dinner first, and see how they treat someone whose job is to serve them.
68. What makes the author disappointed? A. Professionals tend to look down upon workers. B. Talented people have to do the job waiting tables. C. One’s position is used to measure one’s intelligence. D. Occupation affects the way one is treated as a person.
69. What does the author intend to say by the example in Paragraph 2? A. Waiting tables is a hard job. B. Some customers are difficult to deal with. C. The man making a phone call is absent-minded. D. Some customers show no respect to those who serve them.
70. How did the author feel when waiting tables at the age of 19? A. She felt it unfair to be treated as a servant. B. She found it natural for professionals to treat her as inferior. C. She was embarrassed each time her customers joked with her. D. She felt badly hurt when her customers regarded her as a peon.
71. The author says one day she’ll take her customers to dinner in order to _______. A. see what kind of person they are B. experience the feeling of being served C. share her working experience with her customers D. help them realize the difference between server and servant
E Fear can be fun. Many young people queue up to ride very fast and scary roller coasters, screaming but enjoying themselves. Other people like to read “goose bumps (鸡皮疙瘩)” books or watch horror movies at night, scared to death but feeling excited. Why do people like being scared? Fear is an ancient way of surviving. Being scared makes animals, including humans escape from danger and save themselves. It is because of fear that we have lived through millions of years of evolution. Those who lacked a strong fear response were more likely to be killed, leaving the more fearful and careful to pass their genes onto the next generation. How do scientists explain why shaking over such scary things is fun? “Some kids will go to a scary movie and love it and laugh over it, others will feel anxious and hide their faces and some won’t even set foot in the cinema,” said Ned Kalin, a US scientist. “Which kind of person you are depends partly on experiences you’ ve had and partly on your genes.” What happens in the brain when something frightens you? Nerves that begin at the eyes and ears lead to a part of the brain called the amygdale. When you suddenly see a snake, for example, the amygdale makes you freeze, sweat, have a quickened heartbeat, or run very fast. However, seeing the snake also uses another part of the brain, the cortex. It analyzes the situation, and if it finds that the snake is only made of rubber it tells your heart and the rest of your body to calm down. Think of the amygdale as the engine and the cortex as the brake.
Back to the first question: Why do some people like to make themselves scared? “One reason is that we can play games with fear, find ways to reduce the scariness by looking away or thinking of something else,” Kalin said. “To believe we have control over a situation gives us a feeling of power.” “Scary movies or novels are good practice to prepare young people for the real thing. Thrills such as roller coaster rides also go to the brain’s pleasure centre.” And there might be some evolutionary advantage to being able to adjust this system that is there to protect people.
72. How many questions are answered in the passage? A. 2. B. 3. C. 4. D. 5.
73. Some people like to be scared because______. A. they are afraid that the fear genes will be passed onto their children B. it’s a good practice to get prepared for the real frightening situation C. it can help them show their own personalities D. they will feel powerful after getting rid of fear
74. Which of the following is true about the people who are not easily scared? A. Their cortex is better at analyzing the situations. B. They are more likely to suffer from potential danger. C. They are born unaffected by anything horrible. D. They lack a strong response towards threat.
75. What is the best title of the passage? A. Ready to scream? C. Willing to shake? B. How to be scared? D. Why to be scared?
第二卷（共 35 分） 第四部分：写作（共 2 小题，满分 35 分）
第一节：情景作文（满分 20 分） 作为社区的志愿者，你与你同班的几名同学每隔一周的星期六到学校附近的社会救济 站， 为暂时无法回家的老人和儿童做一些力所能及的事。 请根据提示及下面图画的内容为学 校的壁报写一篇报道。 注意：词数不少于 60；
参考词汇：社会救济站 drop-in centre
第二节：开放作文(满分 15 分) 请根据下面提示，写一篇短文。词数不少于 50 字。 Your English teacher shows the picture below and asks the class to discuss it. Your classmates have different understandings. Look at the picture carefully and tell the class how YOU understand it.
1-5 CABBC 6-10 ACBAC 11-15 CBCCB 18. fooled 19. bargain 20. quality 21-25 BDCDD 26-30 BAABB 31-35 ABBBC 36-40 DCABB 41-45 DADCB 46-50 ADCCB 56-60 BADCA 61-65 CCDCD 66-70 ADDDB 16-17 AA
51-55 ABDCA 71-75 ABDBA
Possible Version As volunteers in the neighborhood, my classmates and I visit a nearby drop-in centre every other Saturday afternoon. We usually get there at 2:00 pm and leave two hours later. At the drop-in center we visit those who have to stay there for some reason. Some of us chat with the old or read newspapers for them to help relief their loneliness. Some play games with the children to make them happy and forget their troubles. A few of us help to do some cleaning and collect waste there to make everything tidy. During our stay there, each of us does his best to let them know they are taken good care of by society, and we hope they will return home happily as soon as possible.
Possible version: As we can see in the picture, a student, Xiao Ming stands at a table staring at a birdcage with a cat in it. He looks puzzled. How can the cat be kept in the birdcage when it should feel free to play inside or outside the house? It is certainly feeling uneasy, unhappy and uncomfortable. Its owner should have thought about its nature --- it loves freedom. The picture attempts to convey a message that whether children or small animals, they should have their own place suited to their nature. Unnecessary limitation should be removed. Only in this way can they have healthy development both physically and mentally.
21．从 Is she missing？可以判断上文提到的猫是双方都知道的，是特指的 the cat；而 black and white 是固定表达，不加冠词。故本题选 B。 22．Of the two 给出了比较的范围，所以要选 D. the smaller。 23．题意为：既然你想记住这个生词的用法，你就最好用它造个句子。now that 既然； unless 除非； while 当??时候；even if 即使。故本题选 C。 24．从题干中 my grandparents have come for the weekend 判断主句应用现在的时态，而 且我只是因 为祖父母来度周末临时睡沙发，所以选 D，现在进行时表示临时性的动作。 25．needn’t have brought wine 你不必带酒来（实际上酒已经带来了） 。其它不符合句 意。 26．one 用于替代上文提到的可数名词单数，表示泛指；本句 one 用来替代上文表泛指
的 a house；it 用 于替代上文出现的同一事物；that 用于替代上文出现的可数名词单数或不可数名 词，特指。 27．他觉得每隔一天的长距离散步使自己的健康状况每天都在改善。owing to 的 to 是 介词，后面要加名 词或动名词，而他散步，是主动的动作，故选 A。 28．她本来或许会来得及赶上火车，但是她出发晚了。本句 but 以前是虚拟语气，而 but 后面的句子表示 的是真实的事实； might have been 判断谈论的是过去的事情， 从 所以要用过去时 A。 29．本题是强调句，选 B。 30．把对话中的答语带回答问句中可得 I enjoy playing table tennis most?in the summer holidays。 由此可知本题设空处应给是句子的目的状语而不是 enjoy 的宾语。 故选 B。 31．A．太好了。B. 当然可以了。C. 如果你愿意的话。B、C 均显得不礼貌。D. 不正 确的表达。应该说 If it is convenient for you。 32．从答句中的 and 判断，and 前后应为两个独立的分句，所以不能用非谓语动词的形 式。故选 B。Work hard, and you’ll succeed.努力工作，你就会成功。这是常见的祈使句+and/or+sb will do?的 句式。祈使句表示条件，后面的句子表示结果。 33．多个限定词或形容词修饰一个名词要按一下顺序：限定词+数量词+主观性形容词+ 客观性形容词+名 词；last 是限定词，few 表数量；而 few 前面有了 last 就不能同时用 a，故选 B。 34．I haven’t decided yet 说明一直在考虑，还没决定，故选 B。 35．make sense of sth.弄清??的意思。其它搭配不对。
36. A. taught 教；B. allowed 允许；C. treated 对待；D. hired 雇佣。从下文 help her in the shop 可知选 D。 37. A. anxious 焦急的；B. content 满意的；C. proud 自豪的； D. hopeful 有希望的。因 为自己挣钱 自己花，当然是值得骄傲与自豪的了。 38. 从下文看她的父母很开通，支持孩子独立自主，给孩子锻炼机会，所以判断它们不 会干涉孩子如何 花零花钱的。故选 A. never。 39. 根据上下文，可知作者的父母给孩子充分的锻炼机会，哪怕是犯错误。这里只即使 他不理智的花 钱， 父母也不会干涉； 好让他在错误中吸取教训， 学会合理地消费。 故选 B. foolishly 40. 选 B. mistakes。同上。 41. 选 D. responsible。作者的父母希望孩子经历过错误后，变得更成熟，在与人交往和 处理事情时更 有责任心。 42. 选 A. American。从最后一段第一句话 but in the US they are fairly?可知。 43. 选 D. worried。从第三段第二行 Again my mother was very worried 可知。
44. 选 C. Europe。从下文 I limited my traveling to France, my mother’s home 可知。 45. A. journey 旅行，旅程；B. experience 经历；C. chance 机会；D. possibility 可能性。 从文中以 及最后一段 These kinds of experiences 可知作者希望通过独自旅行锻炼自己，对自 己的成长来说 应该是一次难得的经历。 46. 父母对儿子独自旅行的态度不一样，所以应选 A. argument 争论；B. game 游戏，比 赛；C. discussion 讨论；D. plan 计划。 47. A. send out 发送; 放出; 派遣； give out 分发, 发出(气味、 B. 热等)； carry out 完成; C. 实 现；选 D. spread out 这里指母亲的亲属分散在法国各地，都可以为他提供帮助。 48. 选 C. provide 同上。 A. promise 保证，允诺；B. afford 负担得起；D. serve 服务。 49. take a year off 请一年假。 50. 从 Again my mother was very worried 可知母亲像当年担心我一样担心弟弟， 不愿意 他离开学 校，故选 B. eager 热切的，渴望的，热心的。 51. 因为弟弟是主动选择边打工边旅行， 因而他一定觉得这样的经历 unusual 不同寻常， 而非 hard 艰 苦，strange 奇怪或 busy 繁忙。 52. 这里 passage 指乘船或飞机的）航程, 旅行, 旅费；earn passage to different ports and cities 自己挣钱到各处旅行。 53. 从 These kinds of experiences are probably rare for children in many countries but in the US they are fairly ?句中 but 可知前后表达对比的意思,因此选 rare 的反义词 common 常见的. 54. A. bringing 带来；B. forcing 迫使；C. pushing 促使；D. protecting 保护。这里指父母 推动孩子 做自己想做的事，而不是强迫，故选 D。 55. 指孩子们自己选好了大学，故选 A. selected。B. admired 羡慕，钦佩；C. afforded 负 担得起； D. left 离开。
A篇 56．选 B。文章主要讨论了问什么会下鱼雨这种奇异的自然现象。A. A sad story 与文章 无关；文章只 在解释鱼雨的成因是提到 Australia’ northern part 与南部季节不同， s 以及与会带来 的洪水，但 并非主要话题。 57．选 A。从最后一段 Although they seem unusual, fish-falls occur quite frequently in Australia 中的 frequently 可知。 58．选 D。从文章第三段 When it is spring in the northern part of the world, it is fall in Australia.可知。A 选项内容文章没有提到过。文章第二行 Bill Tapp, an Australian farmer 可知
B 选项错。从文章最后一句 Nature, with its infinite wonders, can create waterfalls that flow upward and fish that fall out of the sky 可知 C 选项错。 59．选 C。从上文 The wonders of the natural world are as common as rain 中的 as common as rain 可推知 C 对。 B篇 60．选 A。文章仅仅谈论了目光接触的含义，并未涉及与语言表达的对比，因此 B 不 对。文中只提到 a stare longer than 3 seconds is different 而没提到 unacceptable，所以 C 不对。文中提 到 Hold the glance for a second longer and you have made a different statement. Hold it for 3 seconds, and the meaning has changed again；即 staring at a person 的含义因时间长短 而不 同；而且 Much depends on the person and the situation，也因人、场合的不同而不同， 并非仅 仅代表有兴趣。所以 D 不对。 61．选 C。从下文 cut off eye contacts 可知。 62．选 C。从上文 you need to send out a signal telling others you want to be left alone. So you cut off eye contacts 中的 cut off eye contacts 可知。 63．选 D。A 选项意思为“目光接触的局限/不足” 选项意思是“通过目光接触进行 。B 的思想交流” 。而 本文中要讲的是目光接触所代表的含义而非主动的思想交流。C 选项意思是“人们 日常生活中的不 同情境中的恰当行为” 。与本文中心不符。D 选项意思是“目光交流在人与人的交 流中的作用。 ” 通过本文所举的例子可以看出 D 正确。 C篇 64．选 C．从文章地二段第二行和第三段最后一行可知。 65．选 D。成人票价 3 元，父母共 6 元；8 岁孩子票价 1 元，16 岁孩子票价 2 元，共计 9 元。 66．选 A。从第三段 special folk-dancing classes for children will be offered 可知。 67．从文章内容可知是宣传文化节的活动，欢迎人们前往参与。 D篇 68. 选 D。原文首段第 2 句 Recently, however, I was disappointed to see that it also decides how I’ treated as a person.可知。 m 从句中的主语 it 指代前一句中的 my occupation(职 业)，由 此可以看出，让作者感到失望的是“我的工作也能决定我身而为人是如何被对待 的” ，选项 D“人 的工作可以影响到他作为一个人被对待的方式”与原文是同义转述，因此 D 为答 案。 69. 选 D。第 2 段所举事例是说，作者在当饭店招待员时碰到了一位蛮横无礼的顾客，
对她随意地呼来唤 去。由此可见，作者想表达的意思是：很多顾客不尊重为他们提供服务的人，所以 D 正确。 70. 选 B。 原文第 3 段第 2 句 But at 19 years old, I believed I deserved inferior treatment from professional adults 可知作者 19 岁时在饭店当招待员，不被顾客尊重，她对此的看 法是 “deserved inferior treatment” ，即“比别人低人一等是理所应当的” ，换句话说，作 者认为 这是十分自然的，即选项 B 所述的“natural” 。正确答案为 B。 71. 选 A。由原文末段最后一句 I’ll take them to dinner first, and see how they treat someone whose only job is to serve them 可知对于有求于她的人，作者会先带他去吃饭，看看 他是如何 对待那些为他们提供服务的人。结合前文作者的经历和感受，可以看出，作者是想 通过观察他对服 务生的态度和举止来了解这个人的品性，故选项 A 为答案。 E篇 72．选 B。作者先后回答了一下这三个问题：Why do people like being scared?/ How do scientists explain why shaking over such scary things is fun?/ What happens in the brain when something frightens you? 73．选 D。从原文第五段 To believe we have control over a situation gives us a feeling of power 可知 D 正确。 74． B。 选项所提的遗传问题在文章第二段 选 A “leaving the more fearful and careful to pass their genes onto the next generation.”是用来解释“Fear is an ancient way of surviving.” 与 A 选项表述完全无关。原文第五段提到“Scary movies or novels are good practice to prepare young people for the real thing.”这里的 good practice 值得是看恐 怖 电影和读恐怕小说； B 选项中所说的 good practice 指的是 “to get prepared for the 而 real frightening situation” ；二者完全不同。C 选项内容文章没有涉及。 75．选 A。从文章中“Fear can be fun”“screaming but enjoying themselves”“like to ， ， read “goose bumps” books? but feeling excited ”“shaking over such scary things ， is fun”等文字中可以看出文章时围绕着恐惧带给人们刺激与兴奋而言的。Scream 一词指（因恐 惧﹑ 痛苦或兴奋）尖声喊叫； shake 则 而 （指人）发抖, 打颤； 脱离了文章的语境， willing to shake 不能表达文章的核心内容；而 B、D 则与文章中心不符。