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2015 届高三英语周日第四周测试
高三英语备课组 2015-3-28
Ⅰ 语言知识及应用 (共两节,满分 45 分 ) 第一节 完形填空 (共 15 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 30 分 ) 阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从 1~15 各题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 项中,选出最佳 选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 Monarch butterflies(黑脉金斑蝶 ) are a common summer sight in the northern United States and Canada. These large orange and black 1 brighten parks and gardens as they fly 2 among the flowers. What makes monarchs particularly interesting is that they travel 3 from one part of the world to another every year---- all the way to California or Mexico and back. They are thought to be the only insect that does this. Every year in the late summer monarchs begin their journey to the south. Those 4 for Mexico go first for the Louisiana—Mississippi area, then 5 across the Gulf of Mexico into Texas. Once in Mexico, they 6 themselves in one of about fifteen places in a mountain forest filled with fir trees. Each place provides a winter home for millions of monarchs. The butterflies are so many that they often cover 7 trees. When spring comes, they begin their long journey 8 . The question is often asked whether every butterfly makes the round-trip journey every year. And the answer is no. the 9 monarch lives about nine months, and some cannot even live that long. So one flying north might lay eggs in Louisiana and then die. The eggs of that generation may be found in Kentucky; the eggs of the next generation may 10 up in Wisconsincan or Michigan. The last generation of the season, about the fourth, will make their way back to Mexico and 11 the journey. Scientists learn about monarchs’ migration by catching and making 12 on the insect. By 13 a monarch with such a mark and noticing where it came from, the next 14 can get to know things like the butterfly’s 15 and its route. 1.A. animals 2.A. lightly 3. A. occasionally 4.A. sailing 5.A. fly 6.A. land 7.A. big 8.A. east 9.A. general 10.A. build 11.A. restart B. insects B. heavily B. universally B. landing B. climb B. settle B. tall B. north B. normal B. live B. replan C. trees C. highly C. regularly C. searching C. sweep C. set C. entire C. west C. usual C. end C. reset D. eggs D. slightly D. frequently D. heading D. swim D. pause D. short D. south D. average D. come D. recover

12.A. signs 13.A. replacing 14.A. scientist 15.A. size

B. marks B. rescuing B. geographer B. shape

C. spots C. recatching C. scholar C. weigh

D. dates D. resettling D. expert D. age

第二节 语法填空(共 10 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分) 仔细阅读下面短文,短文中有 10 个空格,请按照语境以及括号里所给的词完成短文,答案填写在 答题卡标号为 16~25 的对应位置。

Anthony Burgess was 40 when he learned that he had only one year to live. He had a brain tumor(肿瘤) that 16 (kill) him within a year. He knew he had a battle on his hands. He was completely broken at the time, so he had 17 to leave behind for his wife, Lynne. Brugress had never been a professional novelist in the past, 18 he always know the potential was inside him to be a writer. So, for the purpose of 19 (leave) something behind for his wife, he put a piece of paper into a typewriter and began writing. He was not sure 20 the book would be published nor not, but he couldn’t think of anything else to do. “ 21 was January of 1960,” he said, “and according to the prognosis, I had a winter and spring and summer 22 (live) through, and would die with the fall of the leaf.” In that time Burgress wrote energetically, finishing a lot of novels before 23 year was through. Burgress did not die. His cancer had gone into remission and then disappeared 24 (magic). In his long and full life as a novelist, he wrote more than 70 books, 25 turns out to be an amazing achievement. Without the death sentence from cancer, he may not have written at all. Ⅱ 阅读 (共两节 , 满分 50分 ) 第一节 阅读理解 (共 20小题;每小题 2分,满分 40分 )

Liz had been bleeding for a long time! She was my closest professional colleague and good friend at the time when we worked in an IT company. It was her first day back at work after an operation and I thought she should have taken a few more days to recover. Realizing that we couldn’t stop the bleeding, we headed to the emergency room and spent hours there waiting to be seen. After the treatment, I drove her to my apartment. I had to leave her in my apartment while I dashed off to take a final exam for a very important course I was taking. Upon my return, we decided Liz was in a good enough condition to sustain a trip back from my Northern Virginia apartment to her home in Maryland. Although it was nearly midnight and we were both exhausted, we still decided to set off. Unfortunately, in a not particularly safe part of town, we heard my car make a strange noise, and then it was shaking violently as we drove along. Quickly, I stopped the car in the road and found

a tire had blown out. Not knowing how to change a tire and feeling scared, I was trying out to figure out what to do next. Liz, weak from losing all that blood all day and weighing only about eighty pounds to begin with, came out and tried to help me. I had to scream at her to get back in the car and relax. Within seconds, a taxi pulled up behind us. A huge man appeared and began walking toward us. I felt that the blood drained out of my face and I nearly fainted in fear. “Got a flat tire, girls?” he asked. “Yes,” I answered in a trembling voice. In no time at all, the man changed the tire for us and rushed off back to his taxi. He refused any payment and did not even tell me his name. He would never know how badly we needed his services that particular evening. And I, with a grateful heart, will never forget his kindness. 26. The author thought that Liz was bleeding because . A. she worked too hard in an IT company B. she had an operation but didn’t rest enough C. she hurt herself in the workplace carelessly D. she had a long trip from her house to the company 27. What was the author doing when Liz was in her apartment? A. She was seeing a doctor. B. She was waiting for help. C. She was taking an exam. D. She was travelling in Maryland. 28. According to the paragraph 3, which of the following is true? A. The author decided to send Liz back because they rested well. B. The car ’s tire blew out when they reached a safe place in the town. C. The author felt puzzled as she didn’t know how to change tire. D. Liz came out to help because she was strong enough. 29. Seeing the man coming out of the taxi, the author felt . A. frightened B. delighted C. annoyed D. Excited 30. The passage is intended to . A. report a medical emergency B. show us how to change a car tire C. warn us of the danger in the town D. tell us about a midnight assistance

B The deadliest Ebola(埃博拉病毒) outbreak in recorded history is happening right now. The outbreak is unprecedented(空前的) both in the number of people who have gotten sick and in the geographic scope. And so far it’s been a long battle that doesn’t appear to be slowing down. Ebola is both rare and very deadly. Since the first outbreak in 1976, Ebola viruses have infected thousands of people and killed roughly killed 60 percent of them. Symptoms can come on quickly and kill fast. The current outbreak started in Guinea sometime in late 2013 or early 2014. It has since

spread to Sierra Leone and Liberia, including some capital cities. And one infected patient traveled on a plane to Nigeria, where he spread the disease to several others and then died. Cases have also popped up in various other countries throughout the world, including in Dallas and New York City in the United States. The Ebola virus has now hit many countries, including Guinea, Liberia, Sierra Leone, Nigeria, Senegal, and the United States. The virus, which starts off with flu- like symptoms and sometimes ends with bleeding, has infected about 6,500 people and killed more than 3,000 since this winter, according to the World Health Organization on September 30, 2014. There are some social and political factors contributing to the current disaster. Because this is the first major Ebola outbreak in West Africa, many of the region’s health workers didn’t have experience or training in how to protect themselves or care for patients with this disease. Journalist David Quammen put it well in a recent New York Times article, “Ebola is more dangerous to humans than perhaps any known virus on Earth, except rabies( 狂犬病) and HIV. And it does its damage much faster than either.” Hopefully, researchers are working to find drugs, including a recent $50 million push at the National Institutes of Health. And scientists are working on vaccines(疫苗 ), including looking into ones that might be able to help wild chimpanzees, which are also susceptible to the disease. The first human Ebola vaccine trial is scheduled to start in the spring of 2015. 31. According to the passage, which of the following about Ebola is true? A. The Ebola outbreak now is the biggest one in history. B. Ebola breaks out quickly but it is under control now. C. Ebola is deadly and common so it kills a lot of people. D. Ebola killed about 60 thousand people quickly in 1976. 32. The Ebola virus was brought to Nigeria by . A. a flying bird B. an infected passenger C. hot African weather D. a health organization 33. The symptoms of Ebola at the beginning are more like those of . A. flu B. rabies C. HIV/AIDS D. internal bleeding 34. The last paragraph mainly tells us that . A. it will be a huge waste when researchers spend lots of money finding a cure B. the vaccines can be effective to wild chimpanzees but not to the humans C. there will be an optimistic future in which we can defeat the disease D. we can use the vaccine to cure the patients completely in 2015’s spring 35. What is the best title of the passage? A. Ebola ---- The African Local Disaster B. Ebola ---- The Newly-Found Disease C. Ebola ---- A More Effective Vaccine D. Ebola ---- The Deadly Virus Outbreak

C Finding a friend doesn’t seem like a difficult job. However, bad friends are easier to find than good friends these days. If you’re sitting there and wondering if you have a bad friend, let me define it for you. A bad friend is someone whose jealousies and insecurities outweigh their love for someone. They night want to be a good friend but they’re too messed up in their own head to ever actually do it. They wonder if their friends are going out without them or if they’re being forgo tten and left behind. People who are violently insecure don’t have what it takes to be the quality of a friend. Bad friends are narcissistic( 自 恋 的 ). They look for any opportunity to bring the conversation back to them. Worse, they might not even be aware that they’re doing it. In their mind, they might think they are the best friend ever, which is truly frightening. Bad friends are quick-change. They’re by your side when you’re fun and you have something to give them but as soon as you’re going through a difficult time, they will become indifferent quickly. They won’t bring you cold medicine. They won’t give you a ride to the doctor, everything they do is self-serving. If you find a friend who has these same characteristics, send them to your bad friend list immediately. Your friends are supposed to be the solution to your problems, not the source. I believe your twenties are a time when you need positive and helpful friends. In such a time, friendships aren’t easy to maintain like they once were in school. Now we actually have to put work into it, we have to make a conscious effort to keep the friendship going. You need to ask yourself, “Is this person worth it? Do they treat me like a fool or what?” if your have doubts, try to make them clear by considering the past experiences. Toxic(有毒的 ) friendships do nothing but drag you down. My point is that you have to take care of yourself and stop getting in touch with your bad friends. Only surround yourself with people who bring out the best qualities in you. It may sound cruel but it’s true,. 36. The author believes that we can easily find a . A. close friend B. poor friend C. good friend D. bad friend 37. Bad friends give the author the following impressions EXCEPT being . A. outgoing B.insecure C. narcissistic D. self-centred 38. We can infer from the passage that a bad friend will when you have trouble. A. feel worried as you do B. try hard to help you out C. do nothing but leave you D. pay more attention to you 39. In the last paragraph, you are advised . A. not to treat your friends like fools B. not to keep a terrible friendship C. not to be a bad friend of others D. not to doubt but ask yourself 40. What is the purpose of the passage? A. To tell us finding a friend is not an easy job for everyone.

B. To help us know about bad friends and get rid of them. C. To encourage us to make more friends in school. D. To advise us not to treat our close friends badly. D Americans gave nearly $300 billion away last year. Do you know the reason? Beyond the noble goals of helping others, it is that giving will make them happier. It is a fact that givers are happier people than non-givers. According to the Social Capital Community Benchmark Survey, a survey of 30,000 American households, people who give money to charity are 43% more likely than non- givers to say they are “very happy” about their lives. Similarly, volunteers are 42% more likely to be very happy then non- volunteers. The happiness difference between givers and non- givers is not due to differences in their personal characteristics, such as income or religion. Imagine two people who are identical in terms of income and faith, as well as age, education, politics, sex, and family circumstances, but one donates money and volunteers, while the other does not. The giver will be, on average, over 40 percentage points more likely to be very happy than the non-givers. A number of studies have researched exactly why charity leads to happiness. The surprising conclusion is that giving affects our brain chemistry. For example, people who give often report feelings of euphoria, which psychologists have referred to as the “Helper ’s High”. They believe that charitable activity produces a very mild version of the sensations people get from drugs like morphine and heroin. Of course, not only does giving increase our happiness, but also our happiness increases the possibility that we will give. Everyone prefers to give more when they are happy. Researchers have investigated this by conducting experiments in which people are asked about their happiness before and after they participate in a charitable activity, such as volunteering to help children or serving meals to the poor. The result is clear that giving has a strong, positive causal impact on our happiness, so does happiness on giving 41. According to Paragraph 2. We can learn that . A. only those people who gave money to charity will be happy B. more givers say they feel having happy lives than non-givers C. those who donate money are happier than those who volunteer D. 42% of the volunteers say they are as happy as the non- volunteers 42. What causes the happiness difference? A. Income. B. Faith. C. Education. D. Donation. 43. The underlined word “euphoria” in Paragraph 4 is closest in meaning to . A. relaxation B. uncertainty C. nervousness D. pleasure 44. If a person feels happy, he may . A. ask for more donations B. stop charitable activity C. be likely to give more D. cook food for the poor

45. Which of the following is the main theme of this passage? A. Giving brings happiness. B. Americans love donating. C. The happiness difference. D. Feelings of volunteers. 第二节 信息匹配 (共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 10 分 ) 阅读下列应用文及相关信息,并按照要求匹配信息。请将答案填涂在答题卡标号为 46-50 的相应位置上。 首先请阅读以下几种巧克力的广告: A Guittard Chocolate Truffles Favors . We have got the perfect wedding favor for your guests, which will really win your guest over. Each truffles are made with some of the finest ingredients from Guittard with vintage chocolate. Available in 24 pcs per box. Don’t worry about left over, you will be hav ing fun eating them while you assemble the favors together. B Chocolate Covered Delight Square . Come in our beautiful square, you can find a variety of chocolate such as Pastel chocolate covered apricots and cranberries, chocolate covered espresso mix, and powder dusted chocolate almonds make for a really fine gift. Everyone loves to choose chocolates freely! Furthermore, they are fresher than packaged ones. C Dove Milk Chocolates Bouquet . What better way to celebrate a special day than adding a little sweetness with luscious dreamy Dove Chocolate. It can let them know you are thinking of them and loving them. Two Dozen stemmed chocolate square dove chocolates, rose shaped. All bouquets include your gift message and a reusable container. D Ferrero Rocher 48 count box . At the heart of Rocher chocolates are a whole roasted hazelnut and creamy chocolaty filling inside a light, crispy wafer, all wrapped in milk chocolate and finely chopped hazelnuts. This beautiful clear box contains 48 gold foil wrapped chocolates, enough and perfect for your special gathering. E. Kinder Surprise Chocolate Egg Kinder Surprise eggs are those lovely milk chocolate eggs with white chocolate lining and a surprise toy, which often requires adults to figure out how to put it together! Kids all love Kinder eggs, because it is one of their favorite treats. The toys sometimes turn out to be collectors’ items too!


Mars Snickers Bar The Snickers candy bar was introduced in 1930. Packed full of roasted peanuts caramel and milk chocolate. Packed with roasted peanuts, creamy nougat, rich caramel, and milk chocolate. Snickers candy bars will drive your taste buds wild. Snickers handles your hunger, so you can handle everything else!

下面是一些需要购买巧克力的人,请为她们选择相适合他们的巧克力: 46. Mr. And Mrs. Johnson are going to buy a gift fro their nephew Mike, who likes chocolate very much. They hope their gift can offer Mike more than delicious food, like bringing more fun and helping him develop a good hobby. 47. Aron is going to marry Maggie in this month, but this Valentine’s Day he can’t be with his fiancee because he is on a business trip. Therefore, he decides to buy some chocolates in special shape to express his love and missing. 48. After a 10 years’ leave, Isabe lla and her high school classmates will have a great party to celebrate the anniversary of graduation. Isabella hopes to share her favorite chocolate, which is with wafer and nuts, with her classmates. 49. Emma and her husband have a habit to enjoy chocolate with their children every night when watching TV. In order to buy fresh and various chocolates at a lower price, she will choose those unpacked ones. 50. Cooper Smith is an enthusiastic fan of out-door sports. Each time he goes hiking or rafting, he will prepare everything carefully, including buying some handy chocolates for his body energy supply. 第三部分 写作(共两节, 满分 40 分) 第一节 基础写作(满分 15 分) 你是英语报的一名记者,最近对一位科学家进行了一次采访。以下是这次采访的情况: 【写作内容】 时间: 对象: 主题: 观点: 上周日 美国著名科学家 James Watson 如何成为一名成功的科学家 (1)成为一名科学家,首先要热爱科学; (2)更重要的是,要不断实践,向其他成功的科学家学习; (3)如果要成功,努力是不够的,还需要有明确的目标。 建议: 每一个对科学充满好奇的孩子都应该努力去实现自己成为科学家的梦 想。 【写作要求】只能使用 5 个句子表达全部内容 【评分标准】句子结构准确,信息内容完整,篇章结构连贯。

完型填空: 1-5 BADDC 语法填空: 16. would kill 17. nothing 24. magically 25. which 阅读理解: 26-30 BCCAD 31-35 ABACD 信息匹配: ECDBF 基础写作: Last Sunday, I conducted an interview with James Watson, a famous American scientist, talking about how to become a successful scientist. In his opinion, to be a scientist, you need to be fond of science at first. What’s more, you have to keep practicing as well as learn from other successful scientists. If you’d like to be a successful one, besides being hard-working, you are supposed to set a clear goal as well. James Watson also suggests that every child who is curious about science should make his effort to realize the dream of becoming a scientist. 36-40 DACBB 41-45 BDDCA 18. but 19. leaving 20. whether 21. It 22. to live 23. the 6-10 ACBBD 11-15 CCADA


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