当前位置:首页 >> 英语 >>

【外研版】2013版英语复习方略课件:必修1 Modules 1~3(山东天津专用)


必修1 Modules 1~3

点击进入相应模块

话题之一——校园学习

三年6考
[2011全国卷Ⅰ]假定你是李华,正在一所英国学校学习暑

期 课 程 , 遇 到 一 些 困 难 , 希 望 得 到 学 校 辅 导 中 心 (Learning
Center)的帮助。根据学

校规定,你需书面预约,请按下列要点 写一封信:1.本人简介;2.求助内容; 3.约定时间;4.你 的联系方式(Email:lihua @1236.com;Phone:12345678)。 注意:词数100左右。

Dear Sir/Madam,
I’m Li Hua, a Chinese student taking summer courses in your university. I’m writing to ask for help. I came here last month and found my courses interesting. But I have some difficulties with note-taking and I have no idea of how to use the

library.

I was told the Learning Center provides help for

students. I’m anxious to get help from it. I have no class on Tuesday mornings and Friday afternoons. Please let me know which day is OK with you. You may email or phone me. Here

are my email address and phone number: lihua @1236. com;

12345678.
Look forward to your reply.

Yours,
Li Hua

1.文章首先作自我介绍并说明写信意图和动机。接下来说明求

助内容和约定时间,最后介绍自己的联系方式。本文要点齐全,
符合试题要求。 2.文章用词得体地道,行文流畅。 ①高级短语:have some difficulties with, have no idea of, be anxious to do... ②语篇过渡语:but, and ③多样性表达:taking summer courses, I was told... ④语言地道得体:be OK with...

【佳作习得】一句多译 我记笔记有困难。 I have difficulty with note-taking. 1. ________________________________ 2. I have difficulty in taking notes. _______________________________ 3. It takes me great trouble to take notes. _____________________________________

基础指导(一) ——五种基本句型

1.主语(S)+谓语(不及物动词V) 此句型的共同特点为:句子的谓语动词都能表达完整的意 思,这类动词叫做不及物动词,后面可以跟副词、介词短语、状 语从句等。

①He went on holiday.

②I will stay in Shanghai for a week.
③The moon rose.

④The pen writes smoothly.

2.主语(S)+谓语(及物动词V)+宾语(O) 此句型的共同特点是:谓语动词都具有实义,都是主语产生 的动作,但不能表达完整的意思,必须跟有一个宾语,即动作的承 受者,才能使意思完整,这类动词叫做及物动词。作宾语的可以 为:名词、代词、动词不定式、疑问词+动词不定式、动词的ing 形式和从句。 ①My sister is writing a letter at this moment. ②Our teacher promised to see the movie with me.

③I don’t know which school he is in.

④Jack enjoys collecting stamps.
3.主语(S)+谓语(系动词V)+表语(P)

此句型的共同特点是:谓语动词都不能表达一个完整的意
思,必须加上一个表明主语身份或状态的表语构成复合谓语,才

能表达完整的意思,这类动词叫做系动词。除了be动词外,还
有一些动词也可以用作系动词:

(1)表感官的动词:feel, smell, taste, sound,look,appear等。

(2)表转变、变化的动词:become,get,grow,turn,go等。
(3)表延续的动词:remain, keep, hold, stay, rest 等。

(4)表瞬间的动词:come, fall, set, cut,occur 等。
①This is an English-Chinese dictionary.

②The dinner smells good.
③Everything looks different.

④The sky grew dark and it began to rain.

4.主语(S)+谓语(及物动词V)+间接宾语(IO)+直接宾 语(DO)

此句型的共同特点为:谓语动词必须跟有两个宾语才能表
达完整的意思,这两个宾语一个是动作的直接承受者,另一个是 动作的间接承受者,后接双宾语的动词有: (1)do, give, hand,lend, offer,owe, pass, pay, send, show, tell, wish, write等。 (2)buy, choose, fetch, bring, get, leave, make,order, play, save,sing,spare等。

①He brought you a dictionary. ②She cooked her husband a delicious meal. ③I showed him my pictures. 通常情况下间接宾语在前,直接宾语在后;有时也可把间 接宾语置于直接宾语后,此时间接宾语前需加介词for或to。

间接宾语后置与for连用的动词有buy,make,cook,get,choose,
sing,find等。

5.主语(S)+谓语(及物动词V)+宾语(O)+宾语补足语 (OC)

此句型的共同特点是:动词虽然是及物动词,但是只跟一个
宾语还不能表达完整的意思,必须加上一个补充成分来补足宾语, 才能使意思完整。可以作宾语补足语的为:名词、形容词、介 词短语、动词不定式、分词、从句等。 ①I heard my name called. ②I felt something moving. ③We elect him monitor.

④He asked me to come back soon.

Ⅰ.请判断下列简单句的类型 S+V+P 1.He looked unhappy at that time.(________) S+V+O 2.He lost the money on his way home.(________) S+V+IO+DO 3.Mr Wang taught us English last year.(____________) S+V 4.The time passed quickly.(_____) 5.We are making our country more and more

S+V+O+OC beautiful.(___________)

Ⅱ.请改正下列句子中的错误 1.Please speak louder so that everybody can listen you. ( listen→hear ) 2.Great changes have been taken place in the city. ( 去掉been ) 3.Listen! Someone knocking at the door. ( knocking→is knocking )

4.He told me don’t call him before 9 o’clock.

( don’t→not to )
5.Do your parents allow you make your own decision?

( make→to make )

Ⅲ.翻译下列句子 1.这故事听起来很有趣。 The story sounds very interesting. ——————————————— 2.我们只能给你腾出一个房间。 We can only spare one room for you. ———————————————— 3.在业余时间我喜欢听流行音乐和收集邮票。 In my spare time I enjoy listening to popular music and ———————————————————————— collecting stamps. ————————

4.在我14岁生日时,爸爸给我买了一辆新自行车。 On my 14th birthday, Father bought me a new bike. ______________________________________________ 5.我注意到凯特在图书馆里看书。 I noticed Kate reading in the library. _________________________________

时态和语态是高考必考考点,主要集中在各种时态的习惯

用法及对时态与主谓一致的综合考查。复习时态和语态时应注
意以下几点:1.进行时态与一般时态的区别;2.现在完成时与 现在完成进行时的区别;3.某些句式、从句以及虚拟语气中的 时态。

1.[2011全国卷Ⅰ, 23] Planning so far ahead _____ no sense—so many things will have changed by next year. A.made C.makes B.is making D.has made

【解析】选C。考查动词时态。句意:这么早就做计划是没有 意义的——到了明年许多事情会发生变化的。前半句说明的是 现在的事实,故用一般现在时。句中so far修饰的是副词ahead 意为:“如此之早”。

2.[2011辽宁,28]I’ll go to the library as soon as I finish what

I _____.
A.was doing C.have done B.am doing D.had been doing

【解析】选B。考查动词时态。句意:我一完成现在正在做的 事情就去图书馆。根据句意,现在需要完成的是“现在正在做” 的工作,要用现在进行时。而was doing过去某个时间段一直在 做??;have done已经做了??;had been doing过去的过去

一直在做??,均不合句意,故选B。

3.[2011北京,27]—That must have been a long trip. —Yeah, it _____ us a whole week to get there. A.takes C.took B.has taken D.was taking

【解析】选C。考查动词时态。句意:——那必定是一次长途 旅 行 。 ——是 的 , 到 那 里 花 了 我 们 一 整 周 时 间 。 根 据 语 境 “must have been”是对过去有把握的推测,可知讨论的是过去 发生的事,故用一般过去时,选C。

4.[2011浙江,15]The manager was worried about the press conference his assistant ______ in his place but, luckily, everything was going on smoothly.

A.gave
C.was giving

B.gives
D.had given

【解析】选C。考查动词时态。句意:经理对助手代替他举行
的新闻发布会很担心,但是,幸运的是,一切都很顺利。由第 二个分句everything was going on smoothly可知,空格处描述 的是当时的情景,所以要用过去进行时态。所以选C。

5.[2011陕西,12]His first novel _____ good reviews since it came out last month. A.receives C.will receive B.is receiving D.has received

【解析】选D。考查动词时态。句意:他的第一部小说自上个 月出版以来就受到了好评。since引导的时间状语从句用一般过 去时,主句用现在完成时。

6.[2011北京,23]Tom _____ in the library every night over

the last three months.
A.works C.has been working B.worked D.had been working

【解析】选C。考查动词时态。句意:在过去的三个月里的每 个晚上汤姆都在图书馆里工作。根据over the last three months 可知该空用现在完成进行时,over(in)the last (past)+时间段可 与现在完成(进行)时连用。

7.[2011江西,30]We arrived at work in the morning and found that somebody _____ into the office during the night.

A.broke
C.has broken

B.had broken
D.was breaking

【解析】选B。考查动词时态。句意:我们在早晨到达工作地
点时发现有人在晚上闯进了办公室。此处“闯入办公室”显然

发生在“发现”之前,故在时间上是“过去的过去”,用过去
完成时。

8.[2011全国卷Ⅰ,29]When Alice came to,she did not know how long she______ there. A.had been lying B.has been lying

C.was lying

D.has lain

【解析】选A。考查时态。句意:当Alice苏醒过来时,她不知

道她已经在那儿躺了多长时间了。根据句意以及时间状语从句
中谓语的时态,可知此处要用过去完成进行时。

9.[2011上海,34]Did you predict that many students _____

up for the dance competition?
A.would sign C.have signed B.signed D.had signed

【解析】选A。考查时态。句意:你预计会有很多学生将要报 名参加舞蹈比赛吗?由Did you predict可知that从句中的谓语 动词要用与过去有关的时态,又由动词predict“预计”可知从 句的谓语动词要用过去将来时。

10. [ 2011 天 津 , 4 ] On her next birthday , Ann ______ married for twenty years. A.is C.will be B.has been D.will have been

【解析】选D。考查动词时态。句意:到她的下一个生日, Ann就已结婚20年了。on her next birthday是将来时的标志,

for twenty years是表示时间段的时间状语,常与完成时连用,
两者结合在一起可确定此空格处应用将来完成时。

11.[2011北京,21]Experiments of this kind _____ in both the

U.S.and Europe well before the Second World War.
A.have conducted B.have been conducted

C.had conducted

D.had been conducted

【解析】选D。考查时态和语态。句意:早在二战前美国和欧

洲都进行过该类实验。conduct在the Second World War之前,
是“过去的过去”,用过去完成时,又因experiments 与conduct 之间为动宾关系,用被动结构,故句子谓语用过去完成时的被

动语态。

12.[2011安徽,26]—What do you think of store shopping in the future? —Personally, I think it will exist along with home shopping but

_____.
A.will never replace C.will never be replaced B.would never replace D.would never be replaced

【解析】选C。考查时态和语态。句意:——你认为未来的商 场购物会如何?——依我看,商场购物会和家庭购物并存,但 是永远不会被代替。根据but前用将来时,but后应该用一般将 来时;句中主语it指store shopping,由句意可知store shopping 和replace之间是动宾关系,应用被动语态,故选择C项。

13.[2011天津,3]In the last few years thousands of films

_____ all over the world.
A.have produced B.have been produced

C.are producing

D.are being produced

【解析】选B。考查动词时态和语态。句意:在过去几年里,

全世界成千上万部电影已被制作出来。由题干中的In the last
few years可知应用现在完成时,再根据films与produce之间的 关系可确定用被动语态,所以须用现在完成时的被动语态。

14.[2011上海,31]After getting lost in a storm, a member of the navy team _____ four days later. A.rescued C.has rescued B.was rescued D.had been rescued

【解析】选B。考查时态和语态。句意:在暴风雨中失踪了四 天后,一名海军成员被救起。由句中的时间状语four days later 可知句子要用一般过去时,又因为a member of the navy team 与rescue之间是被动关系,要用一般过去时的被动语态。

15.[2011四川,9]All visitors to this village _____ with kindness. A.treat C.are treating B.are treated D.had been treated

【解析】选B。考查被动语态。句意:所有到这个村庄的游客都 受到了友好的招待。visitors与treat之间是被动关系,用被动语 态,结合语境句子表示的是现在存在的情况,可确定用一般现

在时的被动语态。

16. [ 2010 浙 江 , 5 ] If you plant watermelon seeds in the spring,you _____ fresh watermelon in the fall. A.eat C.have eaten B.would eat D.will be eating

【解析】选D。考查时态。句意:如果在春天种下西瓜种子, 秋天你就会吃到新鲜的西瓜了。in the fall为表示将来的时间状

语,根据句意可知用将来进行时,表示将来某时间正在进行或
某一阶段内一直在进行的动作。

17.[2010上海,31]The church tower which _____ will be open to tourists soon. The work is almost finished. A. has restored B. has been restored

C. is restoring

D. is being restored

【解析】选D。考查时态和语态。前句句意:教堂的钟塔正在

修 复 , 不 久 就 会 对 游 客 开 放 。 根 据 语 境 主 语 tower 和 动 词
restore之间是被动关系,而且修复工作正在进行中,故选D。

18. [ 2009 上 海 , 36 ] During the period of recent terrorist
activities, people _____ not to touch any unattended bag. A. had always been warned B. were always being warned C. are always warning D. always warned

【解析】选B。考查时态和语态。句意:在最近恐怖活动频发 时期,人们总是被警告不要碰任何无人照看的包。people与 warn之间为被动关系,需用被动语态,故排除C、D两项;题

干中没有表示“过去的过去”的词语,故不能用过去完成时;
进行时可以用来表达某种抱怨、不满或赞许的情绪。故选B。

表1
时态

主要时态使用注意事项
典句例示

注意事项

一般 现在 时

用在时间、条件或让步状语 ①The train leaves at 5:00 am. 从句中,以及谈论按计划或 ②If it is fine tomorrow,we shall 时间表安排的活动时,表示 visit the Great Wall. 将来。

表示客观真理,科学事实。

Light travels faster than sound.

表示眼下或目前等现在时间 所发生的动作或存在的状态。 Here comes the bus.

时态

注意事项 表示说话人现在对主语的行 为的赞叹或厌恶等(常与 always,constantly,continually 等副词连用)。

典句例示

现 在 进 行 时

①She is always finding fault with others.(不满) ②He is always thinking of others.(赞许)

①My uncle is coming back 表示最近计划或安排要进行 from abroad. 的动作,常限于go,come, ②A foreign guest is giving a leave,start,arrive,return, lecture in English this afternoon. work,sleep,stay,have,wear ③He is staying with us for a few 等动词。 weeks next year.

时态

注意事项
表示过去一段时间内反复发 生的动作,常与every day, often,sometimes等时间状语 连用。 在时间、条件、方式、让步 状语从句中用一般过去时表 示过去将来的动作。

典句例示 During his middle school years, he played football every day.
①He promised that he would buy some copies for us when he went there. ②He said he would let us know if he got any news.

一 般 过 去 时

时态

注意事项
表示说话人过去对主语的行 为的赞叹、厌恶等(常与 always,constantly, continually等副词连用)。 表示过去将来发生的动作, 一般限于一些表示移动、方 向的动词。

典句例示
He was continually asking her questions.

过去 进行 时

He said that he was coming to see you the next month.

时态

注意事项 will+动词原形 1.(按自然规律)必然 会?? 2.表示事先未考虑的意图

典句例示

一 般 将 来 时

①He will be twenty years old next year. ②—You’ve left the light on. —Oh, so I have. I’ll go and turn it off.
①I am going to write to Henry this evening. ②Look at the clouds. It looks as if it’s going to rain.

be going to do... 1.(事先考虑)打算,决定 做?? 2.某种客观迹象预示即将 会??

时态

注意事项

典句例示

一 般 将 来 时

be to do... 1.(按计划、安排)打算;将要 做 ①I am to meet Mr. Brown at 2.(按命令、指示、约定、要 eleven o’clock this morning. 求、职责、义务等)必须、 ②We are to take good care of 必要、应该做,相当于should, all these children. ought to, must, have to ③His plan is to be a failure. 3.表示后来命中注定会发 生??

be about to do即将,正要做 (不与时间状语连用,意同 The meeting is about to begin. be on the point of doing)

时态 过去 将来 时

注意事项
常用在宾语从句或间接引语 中,表示从过去的某个时刻 看将来要发生的行为或存在 的状态。 瞬间动词的肯定式不能与表 示一段时间的状语连用,但 其否定形式可以。

典句例示 ①She said that she would wait for us at the station. ②They wanted to know when you would finish the article.
①He has joined the army for two years.(×) ②I haven’t seen Mary for two years.(√) He will come as soon as he has finished the homework.

现在 完成 在时间或条件状语从句中, 时 用现在完成时表示将要做某 个动作之前必须先完成的动 作。

时态

注意事项

典句例示 ①I had meant to come,but it rained. ②We had hoped to catch the 9:30 train,but we failed to. ①What will you be doing this time tomorrow? ②I shall be taking my holidays soon. Before long,he will have forgotten all about the matter.

表示过去本打算实现而未实 过去 现的希望或计划。常用此结 完成 构的动词有hope,want,expect, think,mean,suppose,plan, 时 intend等。 将来 进行 时 将来 完成 时 表示将来某个时刻正在进 行的或持续的动作。 表示在将来某一时间之前完 成的动作,并往往对将来某 一时间产生影响。

表2
时态 过去 进行 时与 一般 过去 时 注意事项

易混时态用法比较
典句例示

1.过去进行时可以表示过去 反复发生的动作,而一般过 去时则表示只做一次的动作。 2.过去进行时同forever, constantly,always等连用, 略带感情色彩,而一般过去 时则表示客观陈述。

①She was waving her hand.她 不断地挥手。 ②She waved her hand.她挥了 挥手。

时态

注意事项

典句例示

一般 过去 时与 现在 完成 时

1.一般过去时所表示的过去 时间是具体确定的,与其他 时间没有牵连。 2.现在完成时所表示的事情 发生在不能具体指出的,相 对现在而言以前的某个或某 段时间,它所表示的事情与 现在情况有关系,是过去事 情对现在造成的影响或产生 的结果。

①He served in the army from 2007 to 2010.(这是过去的事情) ②He has served in the army for five years. (现在他仍在军中服役,他是个 军人)

时态 现在 完成 时与 现在 完成 进行 时

注意事项 1.现在完成时强调过去某一 动作对现在产生的结果或影 响;现在完成进行时强调的 是在一段时期内某项活动的 持续性,强调的是动作本身。 2.现在完成进行时可以表示 动作的重复,现在完成时一 般不表示重复性。

典句例示 ①I have thought it over.我已经 考虑过这件事了。 ②I have been thinking it over. 我一直在考虑这件事。 ③Have you been meeting him recently? 你最近经常和他见面吗? ④Have you met him recently? 你最近见到他了吗?

特别 提醒

1.在句型It is/has been +一 段时间+since从句中,since 从句中谓语动词使用一般 过去时。但要注意如果 since从句的谓语动词为延 续性动词时,则表示从该 动作结束时算起。

①It is/has been three years since he joined the Party. 他入党已有三年了。 ②It is/has been three years since he lived here. 他不在这儿住已有三年了。

2. 在 句 型 This/It/That is the This is the second time that I have visited Beijing this year. first (second, etc.) time +that 从句中,that从句 这是我今年第二次参观北京。 使用现在完成时。

特别 提醒

3.by the time从句用一般现 在时时,主句用将来完成 时,by the time从句用一 般过去时时,主句用过去 完成时。

①By the time you wake up tomorrow, you will have found a nice present. 到你明天醒来时,你就会发现 一件很好的礼物。 ②By the time he arrived at the station, the train had left. 他到达车站时,火车早已离开 了。

特别 提醒

4.hardly...when...;no sooner...than... 句 式 中 hardly , no sooner所在句子用过去完成 时,when和than从句中用一般 过 去 时 , 表 示 “ 一 ?? 就 ??” 。 而 且 如 果 hardly/no sooner置于句首时,主句需用部 分倒装。 5.有些情况发生的时间没清楚表 明,但实际上是刚才/刚刚发生 的,属于过去时间,应使用过 去 时 态 , 常 见 的 有 I didn’t know...或I forgot...等。

Hardly had we started when the car got a flat tyre. 我们才刚刚开动,汽车的 轮胎就漏气了。

I didn’t know you were so busy. 我刚才不知道你这么忙。

表3
种类 连 系 动 词 (其主 语 主 要 指 物)

被动语态的特殊用法
典句例示 ①The cloth feels soft. 这种布摸着很柔软。 ②The music sounds inspiring. 这音乐听着很振奋人心。

主要用法 用主动形式表被动含义。例 如:feel,smell,taste, sound,prove,remain,stay,app ear等。

种类

主要用法 表示主语内在的品质或性能 的不及物动词,常用主动形 式表达被动含义。例如: sell,read,draw,wash,write, open,wear,run,burn等。

典句例示 ①This kind of book sells well. 这种书很畅销。 ②The shirt washes well.这衬衫 很好洗。

不及 物动 词 (其 不及物动词或某些短语无被动 ①The accident happened outside 主语 my house. 语态。例如: 多指 这起事故发生在我的房子外面。 物) last,cost,spread,happen ②It was almost midnight when a (to),take place,belong to, fire broke out in the break out,go out,run out, neighborhood. 快半夜时这儿附近发生了火灾。 turn off,work out等。

种类

主要用法

典句例示

Yao Ming fell and got hurt in get常与marry,break,hurt, wound等动词的过去分词形式 the match. 在比赛中姚明摔倒并受伤了。 构成被动语态。 特殊 结构 need/want/require/be worth+doing 在这个结构中 doing是主动 形式表被动含义 The film Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows is worth seeing. 电影《哈利· 波特与死亡圣器》 值得一看。

1.[2012潍坊模拟]—Thank you for your coffee. —But you _____ it. A.didn’t drink C.don’t drink B.aren’t drinking D.hadn’t drunk

【解析】选A。考查时态。句意:——谢谢你的咖啡。——但 是你根本没喝。“喝咖啡”是过去的事情,与现在无关,因此 用一般过去时。

2.—I have got a headache. —No wonder.You _____ in front of that computer too long. A.work C.have been working B.are working D.worked

【解析】选C。考查时态。句意:——我头疼。——怪不得呢。 你在电脑前面工作太久了。“在电脑前面工作”发生在过去, 持续到现在,并且现在仍然在进行,因此用现在完成进行时。

3.[2012济宁模拟]By next Monday,she _____ here for three years. A.will study C.studies B.will have studied D.has studied

【解析】选B。考查时态。句意:到下周一,她在这里学习就 要满三年了。用来表示在将来某个时间将要完成的动作,且与

by引导的时间状语连用,应用将来完成时。

4.He has promised me that upon my arrival he _____ for me at the airport. A.is waiting C.will have waited B.will be waiting D.waits

【解析】选B。考查时态。句意:他答应我,我一到达他就会
在机场等我。wait动作发生在将来,并且在将来某个时刻正在

进行,因此用将来进行时。

5.[2012重庆模拟]—May I see your ticket, please? I think you
_____ in my seat. —Oh, you’re right. My seat is upstairs. I’m terribly sorry. A. are sitting C. sat B. sit D. have been sitting

【解析】选A。考查时态。句意:——我可以看一下你的票吗? 我认为你在坐我的座位。——噢,对。我的在楼上。真的很抱 歉。sit动作正在发生,因此用现在进行时。

6.—Has Jenny finished her essay? —I don’t know.She _____ it this morning. A.had written C.wrote B.was writing D.has written

【解析】选B。考查时态。句意:——珍妮写完文章了吗?— —我不知道。今天上午她一直在写。根据句意可知“写”在 “今天上午”一直在进行,故用过去进行时。

7.—Why do you want to work for our company?

—This is the job that I _____ for.
A.looked B.am to look

C.had looked

D.have been looking

【解析】选D。考查时态。句意:——你为什么想为我们公司

工作?——这是我一直在寻找的工作。have been looking for表
示从过去到现在一直在寻找。

8.[2012杭州模拟]—Can you tell me the timetable of the
school bus? —Well, the bus ______ here for the campus at 6:30 am. A.will leave C.is leaving B.left D.leaves

【解析】选D。考查时态。句意:——你能告诉我校车的时刻 表吗?——嗯,车早晨6:30从这儿出发去校园。按时刻表运 行用一般现在时。

9.[2012滨州模拟]The telephone ______ continually in the office all morning.Why doesn’t someone answer it? A.phones C.has been phoning B.has phoned D.phoned

【解析】选C。考查时态。现在完成进行时表示一直到说话时
为止的一段时间内一再重复的动作。句意为:整个早上办公室

里的电话铃声不断。为什么没人接?

10.[2012宁波模拟]—You may find the key to the maths
problem on page 107. —Ah, it’s so simple.I wonder why I ______ of that. A.hadn’t thought C.didn’t think B.haven’t thought D.wasn’t thinking

【解析】选C。考查时态。句意:——你可以在107页找到这个 数学题的答案。——啊,这么简单啊,我很纳闷我为什么没想 到呢。“没想到”发生在过去,故用一般过去时。

11.[2012济宁模拟]When we got to the stadium hurriedly, the leaders _____ their speeches and the performance _____ . A.have finished;began

B.had just finished;had begun
C.had just finished;was about to begin

D.just finished;began

【解析】选C。考查时态。句意:当我们匆忙赶到体育馆时,

领导已经讲完话,节目就要开始了。“到达”发生在过去,
“讲完话”发生在到达之前,而“节目开始”发生在到达之后, 故C项正确。

12.Don’t ring me up at 3 this afternoon.I _____ an important meeting. A.attend B.attended

C.will attend

D.will be attending

【解析】选D。考查时态。句意:今天下午三点的时候不要给

我打电话,届时我正开一个重要的会议,将来某个时刻正在做
什么,用将来进行时。

13.The woman moved about outside the operation room ,
because her son ______ on. A.was being operated C.had been operated B.is operated D.was operated

【解析】选A。考查时态和语态。句意:这个妇女在手术室外 走来走去,因为大夫正在给她儿子实施手术。“做手术”发生 在过去,并且那时正在进行,又因her son与operate之间是动

宾关系要用被动语态,故用过去进行时的被动语态。

14.[2012临沂模拟]Linyi isn’t what it used to be.The last decade ______ great changes in the city images. A.witnessed B.was witnessed

C.has witnessed

D.had witnessed

【解析】选C。句意:临沂不是过去的样子了。过去的十年见

证了这个城市面貌的变化。由isn’t和the last decade可知用现在
完成时。

15.This kind of cloth _____ well.I think it is worthy _____ . A.washes;buying C.washes;to be bought B.is washed;buying D.is washed;to be bought

【解析】选C。考查动词形式和非谓语动词。句意:这种布好 洗,我认为它值得买。表示主语一般属性特征的动词,如

wash,write,tear,sell等常用主动形式表被动,这类动词常带有一
个修饰词。“值得干??”为be worthy to be done。

16.[2012西安模拟]—Was the driving pleasant when you went to Sichuan last summer? —No, it _____ for a week when we arrived, so the roads were

very muddy.
A. was raining B. has been raining

C. had been raining

D. would have rained

【解析】选C。考查时态。句意:——去年夏天你去四川时开

车(旅途)愉快吗?——不,当我们到达时已经下了一周雨了,
因此道路非常泥泞。下雨发生在到达之前,并且当时仍然在进 行,因此用过去完成进行时。

17.No one _____ this building without the permission of the police. A. is leaving B. is to leave

C. has left

D. will be leaving

【解析】选B。考查时态。句意:不经警察允许,任何人不准

离开这栋楼。be to do sth.表示按责任、义务做的事。

18.The wet weather will continue tomorrow, when a cold front
_____ to arrive. A. is expected C. expects B. is expecting D. will be expected

【解析】选A。考查语态。句意:湿润的天气明天还将继续, 届时预计冷锋会到达。主语为a cold front和expect之间是动宾 关系,因此用被动语态,时间状语从句中要用一般现在时代替将

来时。

19.[2012杭州模拟]—Why do you look so worried? —My computer broke down and my essay _____ unfinished since. A. was left C. left B. has left D. has been left

【解析】选D。考查时态和语态。句意:——你为什么看起来 这么焦虑?——我的电脑出故障了,自那时以来我的论文还没 有完成。由since可知用现在完成时,主语my essay与leave之间 为被动关系,因此用被动语态。

20.—I ran into the back of a truck yesterday and damaged my car badly. —I suppose you _____ too fast. A. had driven C. have driven B. drove D. were driving

【解析】选D。考查时态。句意:——昨天我撞上了卡车车尾, 我的车损坏严重。——我想那时你开得太快了。由句意可知, 在昨天撞车时开得快,因此用过去进行时。

21.This is the first time that he ______ his native land.

A. had left
C. left

B. leaves
D. has left

【解析】选D。考查时态。句意:这是他第一次离开祖国的土
地。This is the first time that...为固定句式,that从句用现在完

成时。

22.—Ann is in hospital.

—Oh, really? I _____ know. I _____ go and visit her.
A. didn’t; am going to B. don’t; would

C. don’t; will

D. didn’t; will

【解析】选D。考查时态。句意:——安住院了。——哦,真

的吗?我不知道。我要去看她。“不知道”是过去的动作,
will可以表示临时决定,故D项正确。

23.—Jane, have you finished your paper?
—No, I _____ my sister with her homework all the morning. A. help C. have been helping B. helped D. was helping

【解析】选C。考查时态。句意:——简,你完成你的论文了 吗?——没有,整个上午我一直在帮助妹妹做作业。帮助妹妹 做作业从过去到现在,并且一直在进行,故用现在完成进行时。

24.[2012吉林模拟]—I don’t think we have met before.
—Yes, once at a party, but we _____ . A. weren’t introduced C. haven’t introduced B. didn’t introduce D. weren’t introducing

【解析】选A。考查语态。句意:——我认为我们以前没见过 面。——不,在宴会上见过一次,但是我们没被介绍。根据句 意可知,在宴会上没被介绍,故用一般过去时的被动语态。

25.[2012北京模拟]The examination will begin at 10:30.Those
who come late ______ to the examination room. A. have not been admitted C. will not be admitted B. don’t admit D. didn’t admit

【解析】选C。考查动词的时态和语态。admit和定语从句的先 行词those是动宾关系,因此要用被动语态,由此可以排除B、 D两项;另外,根据题干中第一句话的时态可知,第二句话应

该用一般将来时。故选C。


相关文章:
(山东 天津专用)2013版高考英语复习方略 素能提升演练 Module 1 外研版必修1
(山东 天津专用)2013版高考英语复习方略 素能提升演练 Module 1 外研版必修1_英语_高中教育_教育专区。(山东 天津专用)2013 版高考英语复习方略 素能提升演练 ...
(山东 天津专用)2013版高考英语复习方略 素能提升演练 Module 2 外研版必修1
(山东 天津专用)2013版高考英语复习方略 素能提升演练 Module 2 外研版必修1_英语_高中教育_教育专区。(山东 天津专用)2013 版高考英语复习方略 素能提升演练 ...
【重大版】2013版英语复习方略课件:必修1 Challenging Yourself II Enjoying Sports.ppt.Convertor
英语【​重​大​版​】​2​0​1​3​版​英​语​复​习​方​略​课​件​:​必​修​1​ ​C​h​a​l...
【重大版】2013版英语复习方略课件:必修1 Unit 2 Helpful Schoolmates.ppt.Convertor
必修一 Unit 2 Helpful Schoolmates Ⅰ. 单词盘点 根据词性和汉语意思写出词汇 1. ___ (n. ) 减轻;解除 2. ___ (adj. ) 相反的;矛盾的 3. ___ (v...
【重大版】2013版英语复习方略课件:必修1 Challenging Yourself I Talking About Schools.ppt.Convertor
【重大版】2013版英语复习方略课件:必修1 Challenging Yourself I Talking About ...8 3. average n. /adj. 平均数;平均水平的 an average of 平均有 the ...
【重大版】2013版英语复习方略课件:必修1 Unit 4 Unforgettable Films.ppt.Convertor
【重大版】2013版英语复习方略课件:必修1 Unit 4 Unforgettable Films.ppt.Convertor...3. appeal v. 吸引;引起兴趣; 呼吁,恳求;上诉 n. 吸引力,感染力;呼吁,...
【重大版】2013版英语复习方略课件:必修1 Unit 1 Favourite Teachers.ppt.Convertor
【重大版】2013版英语复习方略课件:必修1 Unit 1 Favourite Teachers.ppt.Convertor_英语_高中教育_教育专区。必修一 Unit 1 Favorite Teachers Ⅰ. 单词盘点 根据...
【重大版】2013版英语复习方略课件:必修1 Unit 3 Powerful Music.ppt.Convertor
60页 免费 重大版高一英语_必修一_... 12页 免费【​重​大​版​】​2​0​1​3​版​英​语​复​习​方​略​课​件​...
【复习方略】2014版高考英语(外研版通用)课时作业:(十三) 必修3 Module 1 Europe]
复习方略】2014版高考英语(外研版通用)课时作业:(十三) 必修3 Module 1 Europe]_高中教育_教育专区。【复习方略】2014版高考英语(外研版通用)课时作业:(十三)...
更多相关标签: