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人教版必修3高中英语 必修3 Unit 5 Grammar


惠东中学 高一导学案

学科:英语

编号:B3U5-4

编制人:巫梅香

审核人: 邱少君

Unit 5 Canada ---“The True North” Period 4 Grammar 同位语从句
【学习目标】 Get the Ss to know more

about Noun Clauses and the Appositive Clouse 【重点难点】 1.Get the Ss to learn how to use the Noun Clauses 2. How to distinguish and correctly use leading words 【学法指导】 Learn Noun Clauses exactly in the sentences

课前预习案 Previewing Case
Task 1 : Revision of the Noun clauses(复习名词性从句) 1. 名词性从句一共有___________、___________、___________、_____________ 四种。 2. 引导名词性从句的三类关联词: 1). that /whether/ if (在从句中不做成分,只起连接作用) 2). what/ who /whom /which/ whose (在从句中做主、表、宾、定语) 3). when /why/ when/ where (在从句中做状语) 其它关联词: That he didn’t come to school is because he was ill. She looks as if she has really been there. Things are not as they seemed to be. Task 2 体会高考: 1. You are saying that everyone should be equal, and this is _____ I disagree. [2004 全国卷 I] A. why B. where C. what D. how 2. The road is covered with snow. I can’t understand _____ they insist on going by motorbike. [2004 全国卷 IV] A. why B. whether C. when D. how 3. A modern city has been set up in _____ was a wasteland ten years ago. [天津 2004] A. what B. which C. that D. where 4. After Yang Liwei succeeded in circling the earth, _____ our astronauts desire to do is walk in space. [上海 2004] A. where B. what C. that D. how 5. Along with the letter was his promise _____ he would visit me this coming Christmas. [上海 2004 春] A. which B. that C. what D. whether 6. A story goes _____ Elizabeth I of England liked nothing more than being surrounded by clever and qualified noblemen at court. [上海 2004] A. when B. where C. what D. that 7. I think Father would like to know _____ I’ve been up to so far, so I decide to send him a quick note. [湖南 2004] A. which B. why C. what D. how 8. The Foreign Minister said, “______ our hope that the two sides will work towards peace.” [北 京 2004] A. This is B. There is C. That is D. It is
Many heads are better than one.三个臭皮匠,赛过诸葛亮 Many hands make light work. 众人拾柴火焰高

惠东中学 高一导学案

学科:英语

编号:B3U5-4

编制人:巫梅香

审核人: 邱少君

9. We cannot figure out ______ quite a number of insects, birds, and animals are dying out. [北京 2004] A. that B. as C. why D. when 10. I have always been honest and straight forward, and it doesn’t matter _____ I’m talking to. [广东 2004] A. who is it B. who it is C. it is who D. it is whom Task 3: Read the text again and underline the sentences containing noun clause used as appositives 细读课文,找出含有同位语从句的句子。

课堂探究案 Exploring Cases
探究一:观察下列句子 1. The news that we won the game is exciting. 2. I have no idea when he will come back home. 3. Word came to him that Mary had probably fallen ill. 4. They are investigating the question whether the man is trustworthy. 同位语从句 1. 概念: 在复合句中作 2. 功能: 同位语从句 3. 用法: 常跟的抽象名词有 4. 连词:

名词性从句。 。

1)连接词 that 引导的同位语从句 that 在从句中 , , 。 He told me the news that he would come home from aboard soon. There is no doubt that the prices of cars will go down. 2)连接词 whether 引导的同位语从句 只用 whether 引导, 不用 ___ ,而且 whether 这个问题是否正确还未被证实. The problem ________ is right hasn’t been proved. 3)连接词代词 what/which/who 引导的同位语从句 what/which/who 在从句中 1.谁会出国这个问题还未决定. The question _____ should go abroad hasn’t been decided yet. 2.我不知道该选哪个. I have no idea ______ one I should choose. 4)连接词副词 when/where/why/how 引导的同位语从句 1.我了解他们为什么离开得那么早. I’ve got a good idea _____ they left early. 2. 我们还没决定好去哪儿.
Many heads are better than one.三个臭皮匠,赛过诸葛亮 Many hands make light work. 众人拾柴火焰高



惠东中学 高一导学案

学科:英语

编号:B3U5-4

编制人:巫梅香

审核人: 邱少君

The question _______ we should go has not been decided. 探究二:同位语从句与定语从句区别: 1. 从词类上区别: 同位语从句前面的名词只能是 等有 一定内涵的名词,而定语从句的先行词可以是 。 He told me the news that he would come home from aboard soon. Word came that he had been abroad. 据说他已经出国了。 Our team has won the game, which made us very happy. 我们的队赢了, 这让我们很高兴。 2.从性质上区别: 定语从句是从句对其先行词的 或 ,属于 从句的范畴;而同位语从 句是从句对前面抽象名词 的进一步的说明和解释,属于 的范畴 The news that our team has won the game was true. 我们队赢了那场比赛的消息是真的。 (同位语从句, 补充说明 news 到底是一个什么消息) The news that he told me yesterday was true. 昨天他告诉我的那个消息是真的。(定语从句, news 在从句中作 told 的宾语) 3. 从引导词及其在句子中的成分上区别: 有些引导词如 可以引导同位语从句, 但 定语从句。 That question whether we need it has not been considered. 我们是否需要它这个问题还没有考虑。 (同位语从句) that 引导定语从句时, 在从句中一般作 (指物时还可以用 代替), 并且 作宾语时 ; that 在同位语从句中仅起 作用, 不充当任何成分, 并且 , 也不能用 来代替. The order that we should send a few people to help the other groups was received yesterday. 我们应派几个人去帮别的几个小组的命令昨天收到了。 (___________从句, 是对 order 的具体解释, that 虽不作成分, 但不能省略) The order that we received yesterday was that we should send a few people to help the other groups. 我们昨天收到的命令是我们应该派几个人去帮助别的几个小组。 (___________从句, 是名词 order 的修饰语, that 在从句中作 received 的宾语, 可以省略) 判断同位语从句与定语从句: 1.The news that there are no lives on the moon is known to us all.( 2.The news that you heard is not true. ( ) 3.Have you any idea who he went with? ( 4.Is there any hope that they will be home in time? ( 5.The problem that you r eferred to doesn’t exist at all. ( 课后训练案: Ex.1: 1.The fact ____ she works hard is well known to us all. A.that B.what C.why D.which 2.The fact ____ he was successful proves his ability. A.that B.what C.which D.why
Many heads are better than one.三个臭皮匠,赛过诸葛亮 Many hands make light work. 众人拾柴火焰高

) ) ) )

惠东中学 高一导学案

学科:英语

编号:B3U5-4

编制人:巫梅香

审核人: 邱少君

3.The news ____ he was kidnapped surprised us greatly. A.what B.that C.why D.when 4.His suggestion ____ the meeting be delayed was turned down. A.which B.that C./ D.it 5.I have no idea ____ he will start. A.when B.that C.what D./ 6.I've come from the government with a message ____ the meeting won't be held tomorrow. A.if B.that C.whether D.which 7.The thought ____ he might fail in the exam worried him. A.when B.which C.what D.that 8.The order ____ the prisoner be set free arrived too late. A.which B.whether C.that D.what 9.The nurses are trying their best to reduce the patient's fear ____ he would die of the disease. A.that B.as C.of which D.which 10.He often asked me the question ____ the work was worth doing. A.whether B.where C.that D.when Ex.2 合并句子: 1.We were excited at the news. Our football team had won a third match . 2. They have made a new plan. Another experiment building will be put up beside the library. 3. They had the question. Could he pass the final exam? 4. Who did the damaged computer belong to? No one had any idea. 5.The problem has been solved. Why were so many areas flooded during the heavy storm?

Ex. 3 用适当的连接词填空: It worried her a bit _______ her hair was turning gray. 2.I have no idea _________ we can do with these waste materials. 3._______the doctor really doubts is______my mother will recover from the serious disease soon. 4.It is hoped________nature will never be destroyed. 5.________do you guess will give a talk on English tomorrow? 6.-- I drove to Zhuhai for the air show last week. -- Is that _________ you had a few days off? 7. Word came_________I was wanted at the office. 8.Do you know _________of them will be our new headmaster? 9.The teacher didn’t tell me _________we were wrong. 10. It’s generally considered unwise to give a child _________he or she wants. Ex 4 Complete the following sentences 1.我们邀请他这个主意太好了。_________________________________________is quite good. 2.光传播的速度比声音快的事实是大家知道的. _______________________________________________________ is known to everyone.
Many heads are better than one.三个臭皮匠,赛过诸葛亮 Many hands make light work. 众人拾柴火焰高


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