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阅读理解与完形填空专题复习


期末专题——阅读理解与完形填空
[学习过程] 一. 阅读理解 阅读理解:在中考中占的比重很大。阅读理解能力属于语言的领会技能。包括对书面 语言的识别、理解、推理、判断和快速记忆等几个方面。不仅仅涉及到语音、语法、词汇 这些语言因素、还涉及到非语言因素,即:阅读者对所学语言国家的社会和文化背景知识 的掌握、对所读材料内容的熟悉、个人经历、生活常识、逻辑知识和语言修养等各方

面。 阅读技巧之一是阅读时要扩大视距。 二是不要心读或朗读; 三是要理解段落或文章的细节。 四是要学会猜测词义,五要理解中心思想。六要具备合理推理和判断的能力。 初中阶段阅读题重点考查的内容是事实认定、 词语理解、 数量计算, 主要思想归纳等。 而从考查方式来看,则以直接型、转换型和归纳型的试题为主,需要依据文章事实和作者 思路进行推理的题次之。 文章主旨和大意的考查。这类试题主要是考查对文章的理解程度,考查内容包括作者 的写作目的,文章的中心思想等内容。考生只有读懂全文,才能选出正确答案。 细节和事实的考查。做此类试题一定要抓住事件发生的时间、地点、人物、发展过程 和结局等环节,所选答案一定要符合原文,切不可望文生义。 词义或句义的考查。这些词句往往具有深层意义,要透过表层意义来理解深层意义, 或根据句子的语法关系分析其含义,要反复琢磨,仔细推敲,弄清作者的真正意图,从而 选择正确答案。遇到生词,要根据上下文和一定的构词法知识,如前缀、后缀来分析、判 断、猜测其词形和含义。 结论或推论性考查。这类考题答案的选择往往无所谓正确与错误之别,而是最佳与非 最佳之别。因此,须读懂通篇文章,弄懂作者的写作要旨,按照文章的内容和逻辑关系, 做出符合原文逻辑或主旨的结论或推论,才能选出最佳答案。 拟选题目考查。 一篇文章究竟应加一个什么样的题目为最佳, 主要取决于文章的内容, 英语文章标题的特点一般多以短语或简单句为主。选择标题的一般标准是:一要切题,即 能够概括出全文的主旨;二要简洁,即文字要简单明了。 阅读理解题型介绍: 1. 选择答案型阅读理解 2. 判断正误型阅读理解 3. 完成句子型阅读理解 4. 回答问题型阅读理解 阅读理解解题指导: 1. 客观信息题 所谓“客观信息”,是指在短文中客观存在的事实,客观信息的答案一般都可以在原 文中找到。完成客观信息题应注意以下三点: (1)辨认事实,注意细节

(2)同义转换,着重内涵 (3)把握数据,注意推算 在有关数据推算的试题中,根据短文所提供的数据进行必要的运算时所涉及的数学知 识一般都比较简单,关键在于理解原文。 2. 主观判断题 一般来说, 这类问题都不可能直接从原文中找到答案, 必须根据原文提供的有关信息, 进行合理的推理和判断才能回答。完成主观判断题能常应注意以下四点: (1)运用常识,合理判断 (2)根据情景,进行猜测 (3)利用情景,举一反三 (4)纵观全文,概括大意 3. 细节辨认题 文章的中心思想或主题是通过一系列的事实、细节来说明和支持的,要透彻地理解段 落、文章的中心思想,就必须理解文章中的重要事实和细节。只有真正理解了全部细节, 才能深刻地领悟大意,理解短文细节分下面三个步骤: (1)首先找出文章或段落的中心思想。文章的中心思想主要体现在首句和尾句中, 有时在文中的某一句话当中。 (2)寻找重要的事实与细节,不是所有的事实和细节都重要,那些与中心思想有关 的事实和细节才重要。 (3)检查已确定的事实与细节,看它们是否支持中心思想。如果这些事实与细节不 能支持中心思想,就说明原来所确定的中心思想不明确或者这些事实和细节没有找准。 属于细节类的阅读理解题一般只针对某个特定的细节,题型可以多种多样,没有固定 模式。常见的设题方式有: (1)Which of the following is TRUE according to the passage? (2)All the following statements are not true except. (3)Which of the following facts is not mentioned in the supporing details? 4. 词汇障碍题 在中考阅读题中,考生遇到的最大障碍往往有两个:一是被已认识的单词的某一熟知 含义所误导;二是被完全不认识的单词的意思所阻碍,从而出现理解偏差或理解困难,影 响阅读的速度。其实解决这两个困难的一个重要法宝是考生在心目中树立起上下文观念, 用上下文去确定词汇的含义。在阅读解题时要注意从以下七个方面着手: (1)根据定义或解释、说明猜测生词的词义 在 be,be called,call 等判断词出现的判断句中,可以根据已知部分,猜测生词的含 义。例如: A person who is skilled at making or repairing wooden objects is called a carpenter. 通过理解定语从句的意思,能猜出 carpenter 是“木匠”

(2)根据对比关系猜测生词的词义 在 but,however,yet,otherwise,though 这些表示意义转折的连词出现的句子中,其 前后的词有明显的对比关系,根据已知的内容,通过这种对比关系,就很容易猜出生词的 词义了。例如: Though Tom’s face has been washed quite clean, his neck still remains grubby. 和 clean 意思相对的便是“肮脏的”了,因此可猜出句中 grubby 的意思是“肮脏的” (3)通过因果关系猜测词义 because, since 与 as 是连接原因状语从句的从属连词,so 是连接表示结果的状语从句 的连词,so...that 与 such...that 中的 that 是连接结果状语从句的。当这些信息词出现在有生 词的句子中,通过因果关系,依据已知部分就能猜出生词的词义。例如: She wanted the bairdresser to trim her hair a bit because it was too long. 根据 because 从句所讲的意思,我们就可推测 trim 就是“修剪”之意 (4)根据生活常识猜测词义 运用逻辑推理能力,自身的生活经验及生活常识。再联系上下文能读懂的部分,可以 正确猜出词义。例如: Most of the roses are beginning to wither because of the cold. 根据句子意思及生活经验,wither 表示“枯萎” (5)根据同等关系猜测词义 同等关系,指的是一个词,一组词或短语在句中作同一成分,而且它们的词义都属于 同一范畴。 明显的标志是, 这样的词组或短语中间常常用并列连词 and 或 or 来连接。 例如: At forty-two he was in his prime and always full of energy. 从“年龄 42 岁”以及与 prime 具有同等关系的 full of energy 可以猜出 prime 的意思是 “盛年时期”。 (6)根据列举的事例猜测词义 You can take any of the periodicals: “The World of English” “ . Foreign Language Teaching in Schools”, or “English Learning”. 从后面列举的例子中,可以猜出 periodical 是“期刊,杂志”的意思。 (7)根据构词法知识猜测词义 根据学过的构词法知识,知道词根和前缀或后缀的意义,就可猜出由它们组成的新词 词义。例如: The colors of Hawaii in Summer are unforgettable. 利用构词法常识和我们已熟悉的词 forget,我们可以知道 unforgettable 就是“令人难 忘的”意思。 阅读理解解题步骤: 1. 浏览全文,捕捉信息。要求考生通过浏览全文,掌握其大意了解作者的观点和写作意 图。 2. 细读思考题,分析信息。通读(浏览全文)短文后,已对文章或段落大意有所了解再 读考题,对要捕捉的信息进行分析、推理,这样便可先解答与主题思想有关的问题。

3. 复读全文, 抓住细节。 带着问题去复读, 可缩小复读的范围, 更便于捕捉关键的信息。 复读时可边读边用铅笔做些标记,把有关的人物、事件、时间、地点、起因(即 5W:who, what, when, where, why)划出来。例如:凡逢人物就圈起来,看完一遍,有几个圈就是几 个人,一目了然。经过这样的处理,你对文章的内容和细节便清楚了,对其中矛盾的产生、 发展和解决心里就会有底了。 另外,在复读全文时,还应特别注意首段或每一自然段的首句,以及结尾句。因为短 文的首句和首段往往是作者要说明的对象或事件的起因;作者阐述自己的观点或事件发生 的时间、地点与人物的联系。结尾句、段是事件的结论或作者表达的态度、意图、目的等。 这样一来便容易抓住中心,为准确、快速地解题打下良好的基础。 4. 解答问题,选定答案。对那些明显的,有把握的题可以断然圈定。遇到不会做的问题 可暂时不做,把每个问题阅读完毕,等会做的题已做完,然后再回头做剩下的题目。在做 题时,如果遇到困难,再重新查阅。这次重读,要针对问题的要求,抓住重点,一次求得 正确答案。 5. 再读全文,核对答案。这是最后一步,也是重要的一步,不能疏忽。这一步骤要用全 文的主题思想统率各考题,把我们在阅读和答题时所得到的信息归纳整理一遍后重新再读 一遍短文检查答案, 看是否前后一致; 意义和语言知识是否和原文相符; 是否符合逻辑等。 发现前后矛盾、遗漏要点等错误,要立即纠正。 要注意的是,改正原来选定的答案,一定要慎之又慎。一定要有充分的理由,才可改 前答案。 阅读理解解题技巧分析 一. 事实询问题 此类题型的问题以 what、who、which、when、where、how 或 why 等词引导,就文中 某句、某段或某一具体细节设问并要求考生回答:如: The Internet can show you a lot of jobs all over the world. If you want to find a job on the Internet, use the words “job search”or“employment”to find the websites you need. ( )What does the passage tell you to do first if you want to find a job on the Internet? A. To type in “job search”to find the websites. B. To write a good resume. C. To prepare for an interview D. To get an English dictionary 这是一道典型的事实询问题,因为它的答案可以直接从文段中找到。根据第二句话, 可以得知 A 为正确答案。 解这类题的主要方法是:1. 明确题意。2. 寻找答案来源。3. 找准关键词。4. 反复阅 读。 二. 推理判断题 既要求学生透过文章表面文字信息推测文章隐含意思,又要求学生对作者的态度、意 图及文章细节的发展作正确的推理判断,力求从作者的角度去考虑,不要固守自己的看法

或观点。这类试题常以如下句式发问: What can you conclude(下结论)from this passage? What’s the author’s attitude(态度)towards...? We can infer from the passage that... Which statement is ( not ) true? 做这类题要求考生在阅读同时,抓住文章的主题和细节,分析文章结构,根据上下文 内在联系,挖掘文章的深层含义。其次,对于暗含在文章中的人物的行为动机、事件中的 因果关系及作者未言明的倾向、意图、态度、观点等要进行合乎逻辑的判断、推理、分析, 进一步加强理解,抓住实质性的东西。如: Once there was something wrong with a machine in a factory. The workers could do nothing but turn to a German engineer for help, who drew a line on it and said, “Take off the part where the line is and change it for a new one.”The machine, with a new line on, began running well again. The engineer then asked for $ 30,000 for what he had done. The following were what he wrote on a bill, “The new part only costs one dollar, and knowing where the problem with the machine is costs $ 29,999.” ( )What can you conclude from this passage? A. the engineer asked for too much money B. the workers should pay the money C. the knowledge is worth money D. the new part could cost more 这篇短文是作者讲的一个故事,那么通过这个故事我们可以判断出什么呢?虽然作者 没有言明, 但是我们可以断定, 发现问题的所在需要智慧和知识, 知识是创造价值的源泉, 因此此题的正确答案应为 C。 三. 数据推算题 此题要求学生就文章提供的数据,以及数据与文中其他信息的关系做简单计算和推 断。 Visit Swansea Zoo Come and see the Indian elephants and the new tigers from America. The bears are waiting to meet you, and the monkeys from China are waiting to throw things at you. The lovely dogs from Australia are waiting to laugh at you, and the giraffes from Zambia are waiting to look down on you. Tickets Opening time Grown-ups: $ 3 9:00 am ––– 4:00 pm Children: Over 12:$2 except Friday Under 12: Free 10:00 am –– 3:00 pm ( )1. How much does Mr Smith have to pay if he visits the zoo with his sons of fourteen and ten? A. $2.00 b. $5.00 C. $4.00 D. $3.00



)2. Which of the following is the visiting time?

A. 8:30 am, Wed B. 9:30 am, Fri C. 3:00 pm, Sun D. 4:00 pm, Tue 做此类题一要抓住有关的数据,二要从众多的信息中找出那些有用的信息,三要抓住 一些关键词。实际上,上述两题都可看作数据推算题,一题是算钱,另一题是算时间。 通过阅读我们发现布告中的所有数据都是有用的, 那么关键词是: grown-ups, children, over 12, under 12, opening time, except Friday。第一题中 Mr Smith 是成人,须买 3 块钱的门 票, 他一个 14 岁的儿子需买 2 块钱的门票, 另一个不满 12 岁的儿子可免票, 所以 Mr Smith 先生需花 5 块钱,B 是正确答案。第二题 C 是正确答案。 四. 主旨大意题 此类题型用以考查学生对文章主题或中心思想的领会和理解。如: What does the passage mainly talk about? What is the main idea of this passage? What does the writer want to tell us? What is the best title of this passage? 每一篇文章都有它的主题句,而每一个段落也各有主题句,它一般都用来表示一篇文 章或一个段落的主旨大意。 因此, 找出文章和各段落的主题句 (往往为第一句或最后一句) 是解题的关键。抓住了主题句,文章的最佳标题也就不难确定了。如:推理判断题哪一节 中的例文我们给它起个什么标题好呢?我们在它后面再加上一段话: One dollar for changing a new part sounds reasonable (合理的) , but the $ 29,999 is exactly the value of wisdom and knowledge. ( )The best title for the passage should be ________ . A. The Value of Knowledge B. Helpless Workers C. The Expensive Machine D. The Lucky Factory 文中的最后一句是整篇文章的主题句, 也就是文章的标题, 即: The Value of Knowledge “知识的价值”,A 为正确答案。 五. 经验常识题 此类题主要是考查中学生应有的多项综合知识,包括:社会、天文、史地、科普及生 活常识等。此类题往往与文章没有直接关系,学生只能凭自己的常识进行判断,然后做出 符合规律的正确选择。如: ( )We can guess when a giraffe sees a tiger ______ . A. it will run away as fast as possible B. it will run to eat the tiger C. it will make the tiger bring it something to eat D. it will make one of the smallest animals bring the tiger something to eat

这就是一道考查常识的题,长颈鹿看到老虎当然是尽快跑开,故 A 是正确答案。 六. 任务型阅读 任务型阅读是近几年随着任务型教学出现的新题型,它往往集中了上面所述的几种 题,以看图或阅读文章填表,填空等形式出现。要求考生通过阅读完成所给任务。考查学 生对图表或文章的理解程度以及表达自己观点的能力。 请看下例: 根据题目要求完成任务。 (2004,北京海淀) 假如你正在为一些中国学生做导游,参观,游览英国伦敦的一个公园。请你根据下面 公园的示意图,为他们说明 a、b、c、d 四项公园规则。(请写关键信息,句式不限。)

例:No recorders, please. 62. Sign a: ________________________ Sign b: ___________________________ 63. Sign c :_________________________ Sign d: ____________________________ 这道题让考生辨认图标,是一道常识和识图解意相结合的题,同时也是读写结合题。 通过考生所写文字判断他对图的认识程度和根据语言功能造句的能力。本题答案如下: Sina a: Don’t play football here! Sign b: No bikes here! Sign c: Don’t throw bottles into the lake Sign d: No swimming! 近年来,阅读理解在中考英语试题中的比分越来越大,不少省份的阅读理解占到了总 分的 30%,阅读量一般都升至四篇,难度在不断加深,题型也在不断翻新。中考阅读理解 短文的题材广泛,包括:政治、经济、文学、史地、社会生活、科普知识、人物传记等。 体裁以叙述文、议论文、说明文、应用文为主。叙述文描述人或事及相关情景的发生和发 展经过。说明文是对事物现象的说明或解释。议论文论证某一观点是否正确,由论点、论 据与论证构成。应用文以广告为主。中考阅读理解题主要考查考生对单词、词组、语法、 句型、惯用法的综合运用及其英语思维的能力。其文段长度一般为 200-300 单词,生词 率不超过 3%,要求考生阅读速度为每分钟 50-70 个词。 二. 完形填空

完形填空是关于语言总体理解的一种测试形式,是典型的“智能混合”题型,它融单 项选择与阅读理解为一体,涉及到词汇、语法、逻辑推理等各种知识。对于这类题目,要 求学生知识面要广,要有比较扎实的基本功;要掌握大量的单词、词组和习语,了解他们 的各种变化形式和用法;要有坚实的语法基础,熟练掌握和运用动词的时态、语态及句子 结构的能力。除此之外,还要有较强的语感,能够根据上下文的语境进行猜测,推断,作 出正确的选择。其考查点有: 能够掌握足够的词汇量,正确运用词类和词语的习惯搭配。包括名词、代词、冠词、 动词等词类和短语。 基础语法知识。包括句法、固定搭配、句型、词语习惯用法、时态、语态、主从复合 句和非限定动词等。 还应具有一定的语言运用能力、 阅读能力、 理解能力、 综合分析能力和逻辑判断能力。 (1)以语篇为载体,测试语言知识和语言能力。试题既考查学生对短文的整体理解 能力, 也考查学生运用语法知识、 词汇知识的能力以及对事物的逻辑推理、 分析判断能力。 (2)以意义填空为主。试题在着重考查考生阅读理解能力的前提下,兼顾对语言知 识、常识、逻辑推理能力的考查。 (3)降低对单词本身词义的考查要求,注重考查对全文意义的理解。中考完形填空 预备选项中所涉及的词汇基本上都是常见的初级词汇。 (4)考点分布符合考查目的。试题以名词、动词、形容词和副词等信息词汇为考查 重点,淡化对介词、连词、冠词等结构词的考查,以检测学生在具体情境中灵活运用所学 知识的能力。所设空白处,名词、动词、形容词、副词和代词这五类词共占 80%。 (5) 有的采用主观试题形式。 有些完形填空题全部舍弃了学生们平时接触较多的 “四 选一”形式,而改之以“自由完形填空”形式,除了要求填入单词外,有的还设置了要求 填入词组或短语的空格。 (一)题型介绍 完形填空是各类英语试题中固定而重要的题型。这种题型归纳起来有如下特点: 1. 在整份试卷中所占的分值较重,占 10-15 分,长度一般在 130-200 个单词左右。 2. 降低了对单词本身的考查要求, 重点考查考生对短文的整体理解, 上下文的段落衔接, 理解分析及推理判断能力。 3. 针对初中学生的实际水平,一般采用以故事为主的记叙文,尽量避免专业性太强的文 章或议论文体。近年来出现了以意义选择为主,语法选择逐渐减少的趋势。 完形填空有多种形式,但它在基本设计原则上都是一致的。形式都是从短文中抽去若 干词,让考生根据上下文填入适当的词,为了有助于考生填入适当的词,可以提供四个答 案(其中包括一个正确答案),让考生选出正确的答案;也可以给出单词首字母进行完形 填空,或者给出字母及单词长度(由几个字母组成);也可以不给考生提供任何线索,完 全凭借考生对文章的理解和现有的语言能力完成。 完形填空要求学生不仅要会运用自己学过的词汇和语法知识妥善地处理好每个单词, 理解句意,还要处理好单句之间以及单句与全文之间的内在关系,选出适当的词填空,使 文章完整与通顺。 完形填空题要求填入的词主要有:构成各种时态和用法区别的动词及短语动词;名词

和介词;根据上下文意思及结构必须填入的形容词、副词、代词和连词;同义词、近义词 等易混词。考查以实词为主,兼顾虚词和语法结构、难点主要集中在根据上下文正确判断 词的用法上。 1. 选择型完形填空 2. 短文缺词填空 (二)解题指导 1. 选择型完形填空解题方法 完形填空对考生的能力要求比较高。要顺利解答这类考题,必须要有扎实的语言基础 知识和综合运用所学英语知识的能力以及一定的分析、 推理判断能力。 还应熟悉各种体裁、 题材的文章,具有一定的语感和快速阅读能力。 完整填空:一般在文中的第一句和最后一句不会挖空。主要涉及到动词、名词(含代 词)、形容词、副词、介词、连词也常出现。做完形填空题要注意整体性原则,强调对文 章整体的理解。就内容而言,它又有前因后果、地点、时间、人物等要素。所以,第一步 应通读全文,了解大意。其次注意词与词、句与句、主句与分句之间的连贯性与衔接性。 因此, 在做题时必须始终注意上下文之间, 词与词之间从意义到语法上的合理搭配。 诚然, 弄懂第一句和最后一句也事关全局。与此同时,还不可忽略文中的过渡词。 在解题时可按以下步骤和方法进行。 (1)通读全文,了解大意。 通读全文时,跳过空格快速阅读,弄清文章的基本含义。先快速阅读全文,可使我们 对文章的整体结构和中心思想有个基本的了解。有利于进一步把握全文所讲内容,篇章结 构,时态语态的变化,为后面的答题创造条件,但通读宜粗、直、快。切忌看一句做一句, 看一空填一空,断章取意,那会进入误区,即使所填答案符合本句要求,也未必符合全文 的要求。通读的目的仅在于掌握大意,切不可把宝贵的时间浪费在个别字句的推敲上。 (2)重视首句的开篇启示作用 完形填空所采用的短文一般不给标题,但短文的首句通常用以点明短文的性质,如叙 事、议论等,这是我们探索短文全貌的“窗口”,可以以首句的时态、语态为立足点进行 思考,判断文章的体裁,推测全文的大意及主题,所以应该重视首句的启示作用。 (3)抓住关键词,根据上下文解题 解题时,要遵循忠于全文大意和主题这一原则,联系上下文展开逻辑推理分析,要迅 速找出那些在短文中起重要作用的关键词, 了解所提问题的特定语境, 语篇中的内在关系。 在解题过程中,应遵循“先易后难”的原则,遇到个别难题不易判断时,可先跳过去, 去解决那些靠上下文能确定的,比较直接明确的问题,随着下文的展开和文章的深入,或 许在前面难以判断的题,下文就有暗示,甚至有明确的表示。因此,在选择答案时,应特 别注意联系前后句,充分利用上下文为确定答案提供有用信息。 (4)重读全文,验证答案 在全部空格补全以后,一定要根据填好的答案重读全文,看文章是否流畅,前后是否 矛盾,语法结构是否无误。如果发现哪些地方读起来不流畅,那就说明那里有毛病,就要 进行仔细推敲,验证。

总之,解答完形填空题,不仅需要扎实的语言基本功与严密的逻辑推理能力,还需要 加强阅读训练,掌握正确的解题方法和技巧,只有这样,才能在考试时得心应手,考出好 成绩。 2. 短文缺词填空解题步骤 短文缺词填空是要求学生在正确理解和把握文章意思的基础上通过分析行文线索来 填写空缺单词的一种考查形式,它是考查学生综合运用英语思维能力的一种有效方法。要 完成好这类题,做到事半功倍,需要掌握一定的方法与技巧。 (1)从全局把握文章大意 要填的单词肯定是在一定的语言环境中才能确定,只有把握全局才能有主导方向,才 能有助于正确理解空缺词所在的句子,从而缩小词意的选择范围。 (2)从语法上加以把握 一般的空缺词都可以通过其所在的句型结构和句法成分来判断其词性,这样可以缩小 词的选择范围。 (3)从行文上确定词的形式 当确定一个单词的词性后可通过其上下文来帮助判断其形式,如动词的第三人称单数 形式,过去式、过去分词、现在分词、名词的单复数、代词的各种所有格及单复数,形容 词的比较级与最高级等。 (4)通读全文,验证答案。 填完所有单词后,不可孤立地逐个词检查,而必须将所有填入的词代入文章中,复读 全文,仔细检查所填词是否符合文章的情景内容,读起来是否流畅,合乎句法,单词拼写 是否有误,单词形式是否正确等,发现问题及时更正。通过再读全文,很可能利用语感将 个别特别难的空处顺口“读”出来。

【模拟试题】(答题时间:120 分钟)
阅读理解练习: (一) Hi, Louis! I’m writing to tell you something about the customs and festivals. Everyone loves holidays since one doesn’t need to go to school or work. Although all holidays mean no school and work, but not all of them are the same. On some of them you go out with friends; on others you stay home to eat, talk, and have fun with your family. For example in the U.S., everyone thinks New Year’s Eve and New Year are both for partying with friends. Christmas is the time to stay home and exchange gifts with family members. The opposite is true in Japan though. For example, in Japan, New Year is for spending time with the family to eat, talk, have fun, and go to the temples. But Christmas is for boy and girl friends to go out and exchange gifts. Originally Christmas should be to celebrate the birth of Christ. I have been interested in foreign customs since I was little. If you learn these different holiday customs, you will learn about different histories and cultures. This is much more interesting than learning them at the library from morning to evening.

Love, Sue 根据短文内容,判断正误。正确的用“T”表示,错误的用“F”表示。 1. Usually, nobody goes to school or works during holidays. 2. Christmas is the time to stay home to eat, talk and have fun with the family. 3. All the countries have the same way to celebrate the holidays. 4. Being interested in foreign customs means being interested in different histories and cultures. 5. This passage is about the customs and holidays in Japan. (二) Can dolphins talk? Maybe they can’t talk with words, but they talk with sounds. They show their feelings with sounds. Dolphins travel in a group. We call a group of fish a “school”. They don’t study, but they travel together. Dolphins talk to the other dolphins in the school. They give information. They tell when they are happy or sad or afraid. They say “welcome”when a dolphin comes back to the school. They talk when they play. They make a few sounds above water. They make many more sounds under water. People cannot hear these sounds because they are very, very high. Scientists make tapes of the sounds and study them. Sometimes people catch a dolphin for a large aquarium(水族馆). People can watch the dolphins in a show. Dolphins don’t like to be away from their school in an aquarium. They are sad and lonely(孤独的). There are many stories about dolphins. They help people. Sometimes they save somebody’s life. Dolphin meat is good, but people don’t like to kill them. They say that dolphins bring good luck. Many people believe this. 1. Dolphins show their feelings with ___________ . A. pictures B. words C. water D. sounds 2. People can’t hear the dolphin’s sounds because ________ . A. they are above the water B. they are under the water C. they are very high D. they are very low 3. Which one is true according to the passage? A. Dolphins swim together in a school because they want to study B. They don’t study, but they travel in a group C. Dolphins like to be away from their school on an island. D. Dolphins like to kill people

(三)
Driver Wanted ①Clean driving licence. ②Must be of smart appearance. ③Aged over 25. Apply to: Capes Taxi, 17 Palace Road, Roston

Air Hostess for International Flights Wanted ①Applicants must be between 20 and 33 years old. ②Height: 1.6 m to 1.75m. ③Education to GGSE standard ④Two languages, must be able to swim. Apply to: Recruitment Office, Southern Airlines, Heathrow Airport West, HR 37KK.
Teachers Needed For private language school teaching, experience unnecessary. Apply to: The Director of Studies, Instant Languages Ltd., 279 Canal Street, Roston

1. You are 26 years old and want to be a teacher. You should apply to ________ . A. Capes Taxi, 17 Palace Road, Roston B. Recruitment Office, Southern Airlines, Heathrow Airport West, HR 37KK C. the Director of Studies, Instant Languages Ltd., 279 Canal Street. Roston. D. a private language school. 2. What stops Jack, an experienced taxi driver, working for Capes Taxis. A. Fond of beer and wine. B. Punished(处罚)for driving too fast and wrong parking. C. Unable to speak a foreign language. D. Not having college education. 3. Ben, aged 22, fond of swimming and driving, has just finished college. Which job might be given to him? A. Driving for Capes Taxi B. Working for Southern Airlines C. Teaching at Instant Languages Ltd. D. Working for Northern Airlines.

4. What prevents(阻止)Mary, aged 25, from becoming an air hostess A. She once broke a traffic law and was fined B. She can’t speak Japanese very well. C. She has never worked as an air hostess before D. She doesn’t feel like working long hours flying abroad. 5. Which of the following is NOT talked about in the three advertisements? A. Whether he or she is married B. Whether they are men or women C. Their education D. The ages (四) All my friends at school smoked. My dad smoked; he didn’t want me to smoke but my friends kept saying I was stupid. They asked when I was going to grow up. So I started when I was sixteen and after a month I couldn’t stop. But two years later I could feel what smoking was doing to me. I couldn’t run far, and I coughed every morning. I got very ill and decided to stop. It wasn’t easy, but now I’ve done it, and I feel better. Now I have money for other things. If you smoke, you are twice as likely to die from a heart attack. And the more you smoke, the earlier the heart attack is likely to be. For example, a 50-year-old who smokes more than 20 cigarettes a day, is four times more likely to have heart disease than a non-smoker of the same age. What does smoking do to the heart? First of all, it makes the heart beat faster and increases the blood pressure. The cigarette smoke also reduces the amount of oxygen in the blood. Consequently, the heart has to work harder, with less oxygen. Finally, your arteries will narrow faster if you smoke. So if you want to reduce your chances of getting heart disease, the answer is easy –– not to smoke. Don’t copy your friends and other people who smoke. If you smoke, find out how to stop. Stopping isn’t easy, but you’ll be healthier, and .... 1. Who is more likely to have heart disease? A. A smoker B. A non-smoker C. A 50-year-old person 2. What does the writer think of smoking? A. It is good for his health B. Smoking is bad for him C. Is it neither good nor bad for his heath 3. What happens after the writer stopped smoking? A. He becomes rich B. He has more friends

C. He becomes healthier and has money to do other things. (五) New York is one of the most exciting cities in the world. You might want to do some shopping in New York. Fifth Avenue is probably New York’s most famous shopping street, but if you go, be prepared to “window shop”only. This is shopping for the rich. There are other, less expensive shopping areas nearby, and you’ll soon come across famous stores such as Bloomingdales, Macy’s and FAO Schwartz. And if you’ve brought your rollerblades, then a visit to Central Park is a must. This is a large, open park right in the middle of Manhattan, but if you thought that people came here to relax, sit down for a few minutes and get away from the rush of New York life, then you’d be wrong. Nobody sits in Central Park: they run, jog(慢跑), and most of all they rollerblade. When you leave New York, you might be tired, even poor and overweight, but the one thing you won’t be is bored! 根据短文内容,回答问题。 1. Why would you probably only “window shop”in Fifth Avenue? _____________________________________________________________ 2. What do some waiters and waitresses in New York wear on their feet? _____________________________________________________________ 3. What don’t people do in Central Park? _____________________________________________________________ (六) In the USA, there are many types of restaurants. Fast food restaurants are very famous. You can find McDonald’s and Kentucky Fried Chicken in many countries around the world. You look at a menu above the counter, and say what you’d like to eat. You pay the person who serves you. You take your food and sit down or take it away. There’s no need to leave a tip. In a coffee shop you sit at the counter or at a table. You don’t wait for the waitress to show you where to sit. She usually brings you coffee when you sit down. You tell her what you’d like to eat and she brings it to you. You pay the cashier as you leave. A diner is like a coffee shop but usually looks like a railway carriage. In a family restaurant the atmosphere is casual, but the waitress shows you where to sit. Often the waitress tells you her name, but you don’t need to tell her yours. If you don’t eat everything, your waitress gives you a doggy bag to take your food home. You add an extra fifteen percent to the bill as a tip. In top class restaurants, you need a reservation and you need to arrive on time. The waiter shows you where to sit. If you have wine, he may ask you to taste it. You can only refuse it if it tastes bad, not if you don’t like it. When you get your bill, check it and then add fifteen to twenty percent to it as a tip for the waiter.

1. counter 柜台 3. carriage 火车车厢 5. percent 百分之?? 7. refuse 拒绝

2. tip 小费 4. casual 随意的 6. reservation 预定

1. There are ______ types of restaurants here. A. three B. four C. five D. six 2. We should sit ______ in a coffee shop. A. near the door B. in the corner C. at a counter D. on the floor 3. In what kind of restaurant does the waitress often tell you her name? A. In a top class restaurant B. In a fast food restaurant C. In a coffee shop D. In a family restaurant 4. How much do you need to tip in a top class restaurant? A. Ten percent B. Fifteen percent C. Thirty percent D. Forty percent (七) If you ask Daniel Radcliffe who acted Harry Potter to pick a special moment from the last year of his life, you will find it almost impossible. “Oh, wow, that’s really difficult,” he says with a smile. “There have been so many things, so many memories that at times it’s hard to recall them all,” says Daniel. “But I guess one of the best ones was the London premiere for Tbe Pbilosopber’s Stone. It was just amazing, one of the best nights of my life.” “But I’ve had such a great time doing Tbe Cbamber of Secrets. I love doing the work. I love meeting new people and being part of the team. It’s been great.” Daniel has changed. He turned 14 in July, 2002. He is taller, his voice is deeper and his frame is filling out as he begins his teenage years, and he has become an excellent actor, too. Daniel was born in London where his father, Alan, worked as an agent and his mother, Marcia, as a casting director, and both have been an essential guiding influence on their only child. 1. impossible 不可能的 2. recall 回忆 3. premiere 首映 4. amazing 令人惊异的 5. the Chamber of Secrets《密室》 6. agent 经纪人 7. casting director 负责物色演员的人 8. essential 极为重要的 根据短文内容,判断正误。正确的用“T”表示,错误的用“F”表示 1. Daniel Radcliff is fifteen years old in 2003. 2. Daniel didn’t have many special moments in 2002. 3. One of his best memories was the London premiere for 7 Pbilosopber’s Stone.

4. Daniel likes making friends. 5. Daniel’s father is an agent in America. 完形填空练习: (一) Have you ever talked with friends in class? Putin did the 1 . He would secretly tell others what to say when the teacher was asking them for a(n) 2 . It seemed that young Putin was not good at 3 things. He sometimes forgot to finish his maths homework. Once he forgot to wear school uniform (校服) . His teacher had to ask him to 4 the classroom. But young Putin did very well in the moral class(品德课). He 5 got full marks. He also showed a strong love of his motherland at an early age. 1. A. some B. same C. so D. it 2. A. question B. problem C. answer D. sentence 3. A. forgetting B. learning C. making D. remembering 4. A. get into B. get off C. get on D. get out of 5. A. always B. never C. sometimes D. seldom (二) We are going to take a test today. It will show if we are 1 to get in an honours class next year. But, I don’t think it is 2 for me. It is the maths part –– my favourite. We take the test by computer. There 3 52 questions for us to do in one hour. The boy behind me 4 nervous. The girl to my left was nervous, 5 . But 6 I began answering the questions, I saw the whole thing 7 a game. I tried to 8 easy ways to do the maths problems. At the end of the test, my score was 307. but what does it mean? I have no idea. I asked my friend John. He got 227. When he knew my score, he said. “Oh my God. You’re a genius!” So, I asked 9 people, and got the same answers. Finally, I walked up to Lauren. “David! How did you do on the MAP test?”I answered, “If I me?” 1. A. enough smart 2. A. hard 3. A. was 4. A. was looking 5. A. either 6. A. when 7. A. for 8. A. look 9. A. other B. too smart B. easy B. had B. looked B. also B. after B. like B. find out B. another C. smart enough C. different C. were C. looks C. yet C. before C. to C. find C. the other 10 you, will you kill D. very smart D. interesting D. have D. was looked D. too D. while D. as D. search D. others

10. A. told

B. am telling

C. will tell

D. tell

(三) Two days ago I was quite sure of getting an “A”for my Spanish. I had got myself

1 .

I looked for 2 on the Internet for a week. I wrote a 3 and I even drew a few pictures of Spain. I practiced the speech a lot. On the day of my speech, I didn’t get nervous or forget 4 I was going to say. However, everybody has one thing they are 5 at. Some people are bad at drawing pictures. 6 are bad at typing. My problem is that my stories about Spanish history sounded boring. After giving my speech and showing my pictures I 7 I was going to get a bad grade. Big projects are very difficult for me to finish. They 8 a lot of time, and I always 9 the day it has to be finished and the grade I’ll get . Anyway, I ended up getting an “A-”. The teacher said I 10 all my classmates listen - I was talking very loudly! 1. A. ready B. excited 2. A. news B. information 3. A. book B. story 4. A. who B. where 5. A. good B. bad 6. A. The other B. Another 7. A. thought B. though 8. A. cost B. spend 9. A. worry about B. think about 10. A. make B. made C. interested C. dictionaries C. speech C. when C. interesting C. Others C. taught C. pay C. tell about C. am making (四) David is a middle school student. He lived in a small 1 for fifteen years. His father, Mr Hill, was a rich farmer and later on he 2 a shop in our town. He bought a house here last month. His 3 moved to the new house and his son began to study in our class. But he had 4 friends here. At first he often played by 5 . His neighbour Cathy is a kind girl. She has many friends. She finds the boy never talks with anybody and decides to help him. David 6 to stay with her and talks to her a lot. Now they’re good friends. One afternoon, Cathy told David. “It’ll be my sixteenth birthday tomorrow. I’ll have a birthday party. Will you please come?” “ 7 . I’m glad to,” the boy said happily. David got home and thought of a 8 he could give to Cathy. He was sorry that he 9 to ask the girl what she liked. He couldn’t call her because he didn’t know her telephone 10 . At that moment Mrs Hill came and asked, “What’s the matter, dear?” D. worried D. papers D. joke D. what D. glad D. Other D. brought D. take D. know about D. has made

“What would you like if it was your sixteenth birthday, Mummy?” “Nothing,”the woman said, “I just with I were 16.” 1. A. town 2. A. open 3. A. home 4. A. a few 5. A. himself 6. A. enjoy 7. A. Well 8. A. prize 9. A. forgot 10. A. code(密码) B. city B. opens B. house B. few B. him B. enjoys B. Oh B. praise B. forget B. number C. village C. opened C. building C. a little C. his C. like C. Mm C. present C. remember C. place (五) The world 1 many interesting sounds. Some are unpleasant to our ears while 2 are very pleasant to hear. In single day you probably hear 3 sounds. All sounds are different. Some 4 loud, some sounds are high, others are low, some sounds are useful. 5 sound we can’t talk or listen to each other. The ringing of the alarm clock wakes people up. The hooting(鸣笛声)of a car warns people of danger. Some sounds are harmful. When planes fly low 6 the land; the very loud sounds can damage the house. Very loud sound can even make people deaf. We know sound travels about one kilometer in three 7 . In a thunder storm you see the lighting first and then hear the thunder. This is because light travels 8 than sound. Next time you see lighting count the number of seconds before you hear the thunder. Divide this number 9 3. This will tell you 10 kilometers away the thunder storm is. 1. A. full of B. fill with C. is filled of D. is filled with 2. A. others B. the other C. another D. the others 3. A. hundreds of B. hundred of C. hundreds D. hundred 4. A. may B. maybe C. may be D. can 5. A. Of B. With C. Without D. By 6. A. in B. on C. above D. over 7. A. hours B. days C. minutes D. seconds 8. A. more fast B. much faster C. more faster D. much fast 9. A. in B. of C. by D. at 10. A. how much B. how many C. how far D. how long (六) I have visited many places: the states of Missouri, Michigan, Florida, Wisconsin, and D. country D. opening D. family D. little D. he D. likes D. Certainly D. price D. remembered D. address

Washington D.C. But, I think Chicago in Illinois is the 1 place. When I come home from school, I see a beautiful 2 . A rabbit is running in the garden, a squirrel 3 on a tree, and a robin is in the branches. In the summer it gets hot, 4 not as hot as Nanjing. Autumn and spring are cool and bright. I can see flocks of 5 flying south for the winter. I can hear crickets(蟋蟀)in the evening, 6 during the winter. of course. Today, when I come home, there are dry 7 leaves on the ground. Not 8 in the world has robins, crickets, rabbits and squirrels. There’s no 9 the equator(赤道). Every place is beautiful, but this place is 10 more beautiful. 1. A. biggest 2. A. car 3. A. walks 4. A. but 5. A. tigers 6. A. for 7. A. falling 8. A. anywhere 9. A. sun 10. A. no B. nicest B. girl B. sits B. so B. planes B. except B. fell B. somewhere B. snow B. even C. coldest C. picture C. talks C. then C. ducks C. expect C. fallen C. nowhere C. wind C. ever

near

D. must expensive D. dance D. swims D. or D. wild geese D. besides D. falls D. everywhere D. animals D. never

【试题答案】
阅读理解参考答案: (一)TFFTF (二)DCB (三)CBCDA (四)ABC (五)1. Because it is shopping for the rich 2. Rollerblades 3. Sit (六)BCDB (七)TFTTF 完形填空参考答案 (一)BCDDA (二)CABBD,ADCAD (三)ABCDB,CADAB (四)CCDBA,DDCAB (五)DAACC,DDBCB (六)BCBAD,BCDBB


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