（2014 秋）高三 · 广东专版
选修七 Modules 1-2 综合能力测试题
I 语言知识及应用（共两节，满分 45 分） 第一节 完形填空（共 1 5 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 30 分） 阅读下面短文，从短文后所给各题的四个选项（A、B、C 和 D）中，选出可以填入空 白处的最佳选项，并在答题卡将该项涂黑。 After a
long day at the office, I drove home and looked forward to relaxing with a nice cup of tea. While __1__ on my way, I noticed that a crowd had gathered around someone who was lying on the ground. I had completed a first aid course with the British Red Cross, so I pulled over to see if I could offer any __2__. There was a first aid kit in my car, so I took it and walked to the __3__. It turned out the girl had been __4__ by a car. People who stood around her looked __5__ and they didn't know what to do at all. They had not even __6__ to call for an ambulance yet. So I called the emergency services and explained the actual situation. I was __7__ about the girl because she had not been wearing a helmet when she got __8__. I was not sure if there was a spinal (脊柱的) injury, so I daren't __9__ her. But after looking her over, I was sure she wasn't __10__ injured. Then I dealt with some scratches in her hands. As time passed and we continued to wait for an ambulance, the amount of pain that the girl suffered was increasing. To distract her and __11__ the risk of her going into shock (休克) , I talked to her __12__. We talked about her boyfriend, football, the weather, pretty much anything I could think of to keep her mind off the __13__. Finally, the __14__ came and the girl was taken away. I felt __15__ at the news that the girl was safe at last. I felt I had made a difference. 1. A. running 2. A. time 3. A. crowd 4. A. removed 5. A. exhausted B. driving B. money B. road B. hit B. indifferent C. moving C. help C. car C. driven C. frightened D. walking D. advice D. shop D. killed D. bored
6. A. stopped 7. A. puzzled 8. A. lay 9. A. move 10. A. gradually 11. A. predict 12. A. emergently 13. A. curiosity 14. A. ambulance 15. A. dependent
B. decided B. worried B. killed B. hug B. slightly B. reduce B. quickly B. trouble B. taxi B. embarrassed
C. refused C. delighted C. pulled C. watch C. severely C. face C. constantly C. danger C. car C. relieved
D. thought D. amused D. knocked D. touch D. necessarily D. ignore D. instantly D. pain D. bus D. exhausted
第二节 语法填空（共 10 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 1 5 分） 阅读下列短文， 根据上下文在空白处填写适当的词语， 或使用括号中所给词语的适当形 式填空。答案填写在答题卡上标号为 16-25 的对应位置。 In October 1987, I became a father. My mind was filled with a question, “__16__ can I make the world a safe one for my baby to grow up in?” I __17__ (bring) this question to the Wharton MBA students I was teaching. “What __18__ (responsible) do you have as future business leaders? If you become parents, __19__ will you manage to do for your family?” After a while, they replied to __20__ with a question “You're the professor. Can't you just tell us?” Thus I began to have a conversation with students, colleagues, and thousands of people in public and private organizations __21__ I had been engaged in ever since. Over the last twenty years, we have surveyed hundreds of undergraduates. We wanted to find out how these students thought __22__ work, life, and family — and how their ideas varied. In 1992, three fourths of the __23__ (survey) students said they planned to have children. Twenty years __24__ (late), that number dropped to less than half. __25__ most striking one was that they didn't want to have more than two children. II 阅读（共两节，满分 50 分） 第一节 阅读理解（共 20 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 40 分） 阅读下列短文，从每题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 项中，选出最佳选项。 A Australian Pink Floyd
In celebration of the 41st anniversary of the Dark Side of the Moon album, the Australian Pink Floyd will return to play here on March 18th, 2015. Since forming in 1988, the Australian Pink Floyd has become one of the most successful bands. The band will play for over two hours. Black Sabbath Known as one of the most successful and iconic heavy metal bands, Black Sabbath will be kicking off their UK tour here on March 10th, 2015. Since they announced the production of their new album, their first studio album since 1978's Never Say Die, the world has been waiting to see what they will bring to the stage. Don't miss out on your chance to see Black Sabbath on the very first date of their UK tour. Caro Emerald Caro Emerald is back! She is performing here on March 24th, 2015. Don't miss tickets to Caro Emerald and “The Shocking Miss Emerald 2015 Tour.” As she is a chart-topping artist with more than 2.5 million record sales and a multitude of awards, fans can't wait to see her. After her second album reached number one in the UK charts, Caro has gone from strength to strength in the music world. She will offer different musical styles here. You can enjoy a night of musical talent from a modern-day singing icon. Ellie Goulding After recent chart-topping success with the single Burn, Ellie Goulding has announced that she will perform on March 9th, 2015. Make sure you won't miss out on limited tickets. She is enjoying a hugely successful year after achieving her first UK number one single and reaching three million albums and ten million singles sales. The information is from the O2 Arena, London. Book a trip to the musical events mentioned above on the website: http://www.superbreak.com. 26. What makes it possible for Black Sabbath to start a music tour in UK? A. Caro Emerald. B. Australian Pink Floyd. C. Their first studio album. D. Their heavy metal music. 27. In the UK charts, the album once reaching NO. 1 is ________. A. Ellie Goulding's album B. Black Sabbath’s album
C. Pink Floyd's album
D. Caro Emerald's album
28. Which of the following is TRUE according to the passage? A. Ellie Goulding has achieved ten million singles sales. B. Carol Emerald will perform Never Say Die at her concert. C. Black Sabbath has produced the single Burn since forming in 1988. D. The Australian Pink Floyd has become the most successful band. 29. We can learn from the passage that the O2 Arena may be __________. A. a movie theater C. an exhibition hall B. a concert hall D. a garden
30. The author's main purpose of writing the passage is to ________. A. introduce some musical talents B. advertise some musical events in London C. remind readers of some great albums in history D. offer readers some famous attractions in London B I am a 26-year-old woman, working as a flight attendant. I'm a realist, so I am clear that I am never going to be Mother Teresa. But I hope I can help people every single day in my work. Everybody thinks we just serve food and soda. However, the planning is incredible. The safety training is intense. Caring for 49 people in business class in 90 minutes takes a fine-tuned machine. I had a roommate who was a waitress; she just assumed we had the same job. Once, she left a candle burning, and I used a fire extinguisher to put it out. If something goes bad at her job, she calls the police. If something happens up in the air, it's up to us. I'm single and have no kids. I've flown every Christmas since 1995. If I fly, someone else can be with their kids. Christmas in an airport can be depressing, but it's the little things that make a difference. If you think you're helping co-workers be with their kids, that changes everything. We're not robots. It's hard to put on a smile and just pretend everything is great when it isn’t. I've seen co-workers lose a family member the day before a trip and just pull themselves together. At the end of a 14-hour flight, it's like, “It was really nice helping you, but I'm ready for you to get off the plane.” Those last 15 minutes can be the longest 15 minutes of your life. You can't wait to turn off the flight attendant's voice and get something to eat without someone saying, “Excuse
me.” Sometimes I go all day and never hear a “please” or a “thank you.” When you take your headphones off and say “thank you”, it's huge. It makes us feel like you actually see us as fellow humans. We’re up here together at 30,000 feet, enjoying the miracle of modem flight. 31. What's the author's attitude towards Mother Teresa? A. Tolerant. B. Fearful. C. Doubtful. D. Admiring.
32. In the second paragraph, the author introduces her job by __________. A. explaining the details B. persuading others to agree with her C. comparing with her roommate's job D. stating the difficulties in doing the job 33. The author flies every Christmas because ____________. A. she has nowhere to go B. she'd like to earn more money C. she owes her colleagues some favors D. she's trying to be a5helpful co-worker 34. By saying “We're not robots”, the author implies that flight attendants _________. A. also get emotional sometimes B. are not as precise as robots C. get tired while robots don't D. need to take trips now and then 35. What does the author expect her passengers to do in the last paragraph? A. To be warm and appreciative. B. Not to always wear their headphones. C. Not to call the flight attendants frequently. D. To have an understanding of modern flight. C In Washington, Bread for the City is providing food, medical aid and legal services under one roof. George Jones is a chief executive officer. “Probably one in three families in the district lives in poverty. So, even though this region is one of the wealthiest regions in the country, there are
literally 200,000 people in Washington, DC living in poverty, in a city of 600,000 people,” said Jones. Not far away on Capitol Hill, Republican Congressman (共和党国会议员 ) Paul Ryan, chairman of the powerful House Budget Committee, says the government is losing the war on poverty. “I think we can all agree that Washington isn't making anybody proud these days. Right now, the federal government spends nearly $800 billion a year on 92 different programs to fight against poverty. Yet the official poverty rate is the highest in a generation,” said Ryan. Some advocates agree with Ryan, saying private industry can change people's life forever by giving them jobs. Most Democrats (民主党) disagree, and blame House Republicans for passing a budget that would cut down spending on programs that benefit the poor, such as Medicaid. At Bread for the City, client Mark Smith Sims said cuts in Medicaid would be devastating for him and many others. “It would mean actually having to live in pain, because when you are in a situation where you have no other place to go for medical treatment, pain is a lot worse, and it disorders every other aspect of your life,” said Sims. George Jones of Bread for the City says lawmakers may be asking the wrong question, “The question is really not whether or not these government programs have worked. The question is how bad things would have been if we had not made these sorts of progressive programs,” he said. As the poverty debate continues in Washington, Bread for the City and other food pantries around the country will continue to help one person at a time. 36. What can we learn mainly from Paragraph 1? A. Washington DC is the wealthiest region in the United States. B. Bread for the City is an organization only providing food. C. George Jones is one of the founders of Bread for the city. D. About one third of the people in Washington DC are poor. 37. From the chairman's words in Paragraph 2 we can know that __________. A. the government is responsible for poverty B. the poverty problem becomes more serious C. no program can be taken to reduce poverty D. the present situation of poverty has been improved
38. What does the underlined word “devastating” in Paragraph 3 mean? A. Beneficial. C. Terrible. B. Encouraging. D. Unimportant.
39. From the last paragraph, it can be inferred that ____________. A. the poverty problem still remains to be solved B. the government won't make progressive programs C. food pantries will help most of the poor people D. George Jones is a lawmaker to offer legal service 40. What does the text mainly talk about? A. The present situation in Washington. B. A debate over poverty solutions. C. Measures to fight against poverty. D. Paul Ryan's opinions on poverty. D Some people really don't like to be alone with their thoughts. For example, some people taking part in a new study preferred to receive an electric shock rather than spend 15 minutes alone in a room with nothing to do. “The human mind wants to engage with the world, even, it appears, if that involves pain,” Timothy Wilson concludes. He is a psychologist who works at the University of Virginia in Charlottesville. The brains of mammals evolved or changed slowly over generations to watch for dangers and opportunities. “Only humans evolved the ability to think,” he says. “Still, people can become uncomfortable controlling their own thoughts.” They may not be able to guide those thoughts in a pleasing or comforting direction. And that may help explain the popularity of meditation. It's a process in which people learn to control their thoughts and benefit from quiet contemplation (沉 思). For its new study, Wilson's group recruited (招募) 146 college students. The researchers asked each student to sit alone in a room at their lab without any devices, such as cell phones. This solitude lasted for 6 to 15 minutes. Most participants said they not only had trouble concentrating but also found the experience unpleasant. The researchers then asked 44 of these people to sit alone at home, too. Again, the students had the same reaction as they had in the lab. They found
the experience very uncomfortable. But here's the shocker — quite literally. The scientists asked 18 men and 24 women to sit quietly and just think about anything. Their quiet, alone time lasted for entire 15 minutes. But in this experiment, the participants could give themselves a painful electric shock if they wished. That shock, though, would not make their participation in the experiment end any earlier. Still, 12 men and 6 women chose to receive a shock, rather than just continue to sit in silence. Psychologist Jonathan Schooler of the University of California, Santa Barbara, did not work on the new study. He says its findings point out how many people find it unpleasant to reflect on issues by themselves. They’d rather suffer pain than bear quiet time alone. 41. The author mentioned mammals in Paragraph 2 to show that _________. A. keeping control of thoughts is very difficult B. thinking is a kind of activity limited to humans C. mammals evolved much more slowly than humans D. mammals had poor awareness of dangers and opportunities 42. The underlined word “solitude” in Paragraph 3 can be replaced by ___________. A. disappointment C. emotion B. loneliness D. worry
43. According to the new study, it's proved that most people __________. A. had no trouble concentrating B. enjoyed the feeling of being busy C. didn't know how to enjoy their life D. didn't like being alone and doing nothing 44. How did the scientists like the results of the experiment? A. Disappointed. C. Surprised. 45. What's the main idea of the passage? A. Scientists found humans were not afraid of pain. B. The brains of humans changed slowly over generations. C. Humans prefer spending time with others to staying alone. D. People would choose pain rather than bear quiet time alone. B. Relieved. D. Worried.
第二节 信息匹配（共 5 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 10 分） 下面是一些应用文及其应用场合的信息， 请阅读下列应用文和相关信息， 并按照要求匹 配信息。 首先请阅读下面联合国网站最近推介的富庶国家的简介及附图： A. Norway Norway ranks the second-wealthiest country in the world. It has a very low unemployment rate. Public education (including college education) is totally free. Norwegian is their native language but most people can speak fairly fluent English as a se8cond language. B. Sweden Sweden has one of the most highly developed welfare states in the world. In 1895 Alfred Nobel, the Swedish chemist established the world-famous Nobel Prizes, which is a huge achievement to the world. Sweden also celebrates some unique holidays including Midsummer. C. Canada Canada is one of the richest countries in the world and the living cost is low. In many parts of the country in winter, it is very cold, particularly in the interior and Prairie provinces, where temperatures can drop below —40℃. Canada s two official languages are English and French. D. Belgium Belgium has three official languages, which are Dutch, French and German. Roman Catholicism has traditionally been Belgium's majority religion. The Belgians are known to enjoy good health, and the average life is 79.65 years. The King is the head of Belgium. E. Australia
Australia is a wealthy country rich in natural resources. It is a major exporter of agricultural products, particularly wheat and wool, minerals such as iron and gold, natural gas and coal. There are many unique animals in Australia including the kangaroo and koala. The summer there is opposite to that in China. F. Iceland Iceland has a high level of car ownership. Averagely each person has 1.5 cars. The country has renewable sources, geothermal (地热) and hydropower, effectively providing electricity for the whole country. Sport is an important part of Icelandic culture, as the people are generally quite active. 下面是五位公民的自述，请将其自述与相应的国家匹配起来。 46. I move to the new country from Guangdong province of China. I like the scenery of my new living place. The food, vegetables and everyday items are very cheap there. But I hate the cold weather in winter. It is terribly cold and I can't bear it. I live in the Prairie province where the temperatures drop below -40℃ sometimes. So I am going to return to my motherland in spring next year. 47. In my country finding a job is not difficult and few people are unemployed. I am very satisfied with my present life. My three children all have gone to school and my eldest son is in the famous college in the country. I am not worried about their schooling, because it is free. All my children like English. That people here speak fluent English is very common. 48. Last month I went to Germany to have a holiday. I talked with the local people fluently in German. They thought I was a German, but I am not in fact. All the people in my country can speak German, because German is also one of our native languages. I like my country. Although the King rules the country, we have freedom and human rights. Every Sunday I go to church and I live happily. 49. There are many volcanoes in my country. The electricity we use every day is produced by geothermal or hydropower. We are much better off now than before. There are four people in my family but we have 6 cars. We like outside activities very much. After work we take part in
all kinds of activities and every year we, together with our two children have a holiday and we have a lot of fun. 50. I have a farm and live in the countryside. On my farm I raise some sheep and sell wool. My crops are mainly wheat. I have to keep watch on my wheat every day because kangaroos may do harm to the wheat. We have no white Christmas because it is hot in December. We pay attention to our living environment, which has improved a lot now. Ⅲ写作（共两节，满分 40 分） 第一节 基础写作（共 1 小题，满分 15 分） 以下是你毕业前想写给英语老师的一张感恩卡，相关内容如下： 学习情况：高二英语成绩很糟糕，现在是班上的前三名； 感谢老师： 感谢老师及时鼓励和严格要求； 没有老师耐心的指导， 不可能取得如此大的进步； 真诚期望：老师每天多锻炼身体，注意自身健康； 衷心祝愿：祝老师日后身体健康，事业有成，生活幸福！ 【写作内容】 根据以上相关内容，用英语写一张感恩卡。内容包括： 1．简介学习情况； 2．表达感谢老师； 3．表明期望和祝愿。 【写作要求】 1．只能用五个句子表达全部内容； 2．文中不能出现真实的学校姓名； 3．文章开头结尾已经给出，不计入总句数。 Dear Mr Li, I'd like to express my sincere appreciation to you for your generous help in the past three years. _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ Yours, Li Hua
第二节 读写任务（共 1 小题，满分 25 分） 阅读下面的短文，然后按照要求写一篇 150 词左右的英语短文。 It was in senior high school that I got to know a friend, Mike, who always got a full scholarship. His father had been dead for years and his mother worked as a waitress m a restaurant. Hard as his mother worked, she could hardly support the family. One day, I invited Mike to my birthday party, but Mike replied that he couldn't come. I would like him to come so much that I insisted on his coming. After a brief hesitation, Mike agreed but he asked me whether I would mind lending him a shirt. I ran home excitedly and asked my mother whether I could lend Mike one of my shirts. To my surprise, she turned down my request. I felt so depressed that I yelled at her, saying that as a real friend, I'd rather share everything I had with Mike, my intimate friend. To persuade my mother, I calmed myself down and continued to tell her about the circumstances of Mike’s family. Deeply moved, she instantly changed her mind and took great pride in my generosity and sincerity towards Mike. 【写作内容】 1.以约 30 词概括上文的主要内容； 2．以约 120 词就“患难见真情”进行议论，内容包括： (1)你如何看待作者的行为； (2)简述真情所需要的品质； (3)怎样维系友谊，给出你的建议。 【写作要求】 1．作文中可以使用亲身经历或虚构的故事，也可以参照阅读材料的内容，但不得直接引用 原文中的句子； 2．作文中不能出现真实姓名和学校名称。 【评分标准】 概括准确，语言规范，内容合适，语篇连贯。 _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________ 参考答案 1-5 BCABC 11-15 BCDAC 16-25 (One possible version) 16. How 18. responsibility 20. me 24. later 26-30 DDABB 36-40 DBCAB 46-50 CADFE 基础写作(One possible version) Dear Mr Li, I’d like to express my sincere appreciation to you for your generous help in the past three years. I used to be weak in English when I was in Grade one, but now I am among the top three students in my class. Now allow me to say thanks to you for your timely encouragement and your strict requirement. But for your patient guidance, I would not have made such progress in three years. So before my graduation, I sincerely hope you will pay more attention to your health and take more exercise every day. Once again, thank you a lot and I wish you healthy, successful and happy in the days to come! Yours, Li Hua 读写任务(One possible version) The author’s friend, Mike, was from a poor family. To attend the author’s birthday party, he had to borrow a shirt from the author. At first, the author’s mother disagreed but finally supported and took pride in her son. The author did what he should do for his true friend. He shows selflessness and caring, which are important to genuine friendship, I think. As the famous saying goes, “A friend in need is a friend indeed”. Real friends ought to help 17. brought 19. what 21. that 25. The 31-35 DCDAA 41-45 BBDCD 22. about 23. surveyed 6-10 DBDAC
each other when being in trouble. In addition, friends should show respect for and have confidence in each other. It is unacceptable to judge a friend by appearance or economic conditions. To maintain lasting friendship, friends are supposed to live in harmony and treat each other sincerely and equally. More importantly, friends should share happiness and sorrow together. Above all, never should they betray each other.