贵安三中 2015-2016 学年度下学期半期考试试题
2015.5.9 命题人：杨颖姝 校对：彭德军
A . They had a happy life.
B They were hard-working.
C They were
lucky to be in heaven. D It was wrong for them to enjoy themselves alone 4. The underlined word “well-nourished” means ______ in Chinese. A. 互助的 B. 幸灾乐祸的 C. 不可思议的 D. 滋养的 5 What’s the best title for this passage? A Rich and Poor B Hell and Heaven C Man and Lord D Long-Handle Spoons B In the last 500 years, nothing about people---not their clothes, ideas, or languages---has changed as much as what they eat. The original chocolate（巧克力） drink was made from the seeds of the cocao(可可) tree by South American Indians. The Spanish introduced it to the rest of the world during the 1500's. And although it was very expensive, it quickly became fashionable. In London shops where chocolate drinks were served became important meeting places. Some still exist today.The potato is also from the New World. Around 1600, the Spanish brought it from Peru to Europe, where it soon was widely grown. Ireland became so dependent（依赖的） on it that thousands of Irish people starved when the crop failed during the "Potato Famine（土豆荒）" of 1845-1846, and thousands more were forced to emigrate.（移居） to America. There are many other foods that have traveled from south America to the Old World. But some others went in the opposite direction. Brazil is now the world's largest grower of coffee, and coffee is an important crop in Colombia and other South American countries. But it is native to Ethiopia. It was first made into a drink by Arabs during the 1400's. According to an Arabic story, coffee was discovered when a goat keeper named Kaldi noticed that his goats were eating the red fruits on a coffee tree. He tried one and experienced the "wide-awake(彻底清醒的)" feeling. One-third of the world's population now starts the day with it. 6. According to the passage, which of the following has changed the most in the last 500 years? A Foods. B Clothes C Languages. D Ideas 7. Chocolate drink was first invented in ________while coffee was first invented in _____ A: South America; Ethiopia B: Spain; Brazil C: Spain; the Old World D: London; Rent 8. Thousands of Irish people were forced to live in America mainly because__________ A they were so dependent on potato that they refused to eat anything else. B they could easily get potato in America. C the weather conditions in Ireland were not suitable for growing the potato. D the potato harvest was bad.
本试卷分第 l 卷(选择题)和第Ⅱ卷(非选择题)两部分，共计 120 分。考试结束后，将答案卡交回即可。
1．答第 l 卷前考生务必将自己的姓名、准考证号填写在答题卡上。 2．选出每小题答案前，用 2B 铅笔把答题卡上对应题目的答案标号涂黑。如需改动,用橡皮擦干净后,再选涂其他答案 标号框,不能答在本试卷上，否则无效。
第一部分：阅读理解（共两节，每小题 2 分， 满分 40 分）
第一节 阅读下列列短文，从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出最佳选项。并在答题卡上将该选项涂黑（每空两 分共 30 分)．
A Once a man wanted to know what makes hell(地狱) and what makes heaven. So he asked the Lord about it. The Lord said to the man, “Come, I will show you what the hell is like.” They entered a room where a group of people sat around a huge pot(锅) of meat. Everyone was pretty hungry. Each held a spoon that reached the pot, but each spoon had a handle(把手) so much longer than their own arms that it could not be used to get the meat into their own mouths. They were feeling terrible. “Come, now I will show you what the heaven is like.” The Lord said after a while. They entered another room. There was also a large pot of meat. A group of people were sitting around the pot. The people also have the same long-handle spoons. But there everyone was happy and well-nourished. “I don’t understand, ”said the man. “Why are people happy in the heaven while people in the hell were terrible and everything was the same? ” The Lord smiled. “Ah, it is simple,” he said. “Here in the heaven people have learned to feed each other.” 1. The man went to the Lord ______ A. to get a chance to go to the heaven B. to ask for some money C. to know about hell and heaven D. to eat some meat in heaven 2 .The people in the hell felt terrible because ______ A. they were too poor B .they didn’t know what happiness was C. there was no food in the hell D. they couldn’t eat food 3 What did the man think of people in the heaven?
C．Mark Twain didn’t have a good rest that night C Mark Twain was a great writer. He was from the USA. He was born in 1835. He was also a famous speaker. He was famous for his sense of humour. Many people liked to listen to him talk because he liked to tell some interesting stories to make people laugh all the time. One day Mark Twain was going to a small town because of his writing. Before he was going to leave, one of his friends said to him that there were always a lot of mosquitoes in the town and told him that he’d better not go there. Mark Twain waved (摇动) his hand and said, “It doesn’t matter. The mosquitoes are no relatives of mine. I don’t think they will come to visit me.” After he arrived at the town, Mark Twain stayed in a small hotel near the station. He went into his room, but when he was just about to have a rest, quite a few mosquitoes flew about him. The waiters felt very sorry about that. “I’m very sorry, Mr Mark Twain. There are too many mosquitoes in our town.” One of them said to him. Mark Twain, however, made a joke, saying to the waiter, “The mosquitoes are very clever. They know my room number. They didn’t come into the wrong room.” What he said made all the people present laugh heartily. But that night Mark Twain slept well. Do you know why? That was because all the waiters in the hotel were driving the mosquitoes away for him during the whole night. 9．That day Mark Twain went to the town _____. A．to see one of his friends B．because he was told there were a lot of mosquitoes there C．because he wanted to do something there for his writing D．to see one of his relatives 10．The waiters felt sorry because _____. A．they did something wrong to Mark Twain B．their hotel was too small C．the room was not very clean D．there were quite a few mosquitoes in Mark Twain’s room 11．All the people present laughed heartily because _____. A．the mosquitoes were very clever and they didn’t come into the wrong room B．the mosquitoes knew Mark Twain’s room number C．Mark Twain made a joke D．Mark Twain gave the waiters some nice presents 12．From the story we know _____. A．no mosquitoes troubled Mark Twain in the night B．the owner of the hotel told the waiters to look after Mark Twain well at night
D．there were not mosquitoes in the hotel any longer D Have you heard about “Survival(生存) Holidays”? “Survival Holidays” is for children to go into the lonely place for exciting activities. Now about 1,100 companies are allowed to take children into the great outdoors without their parents. The reason why people like “Survival Holidays” is that they think being close to nature is good for children. Many children in big cities spend all time watching TV and playing computer games. “Survival Holidays” gives them an important change. Is “Survival Holidays” a wonderful idea? Maybe it is. Children need more free time to play. They need to be left on their own, without adults disturbing(打扰) them. Parents care too much about their children. They like to see the children being busy with activities that are controlled by adults but children don’t know what to do when they are in danger. Even something like crossing a small river seems to be a hard challenge. Children are not comfortable with danger. Even small danger like getting their feet wet or falling down seems very terrible to them. Many people think the survival activities are good for children. Even years later, they will still remember what they have learned. Some have learned to stay calm in different times. Some have learned how to keep safe. Others have learned how to work in a team. All these skills will help them a lot in their lives 13 What is “Survival Holidays” according to the passage? A:It is winter holidays B: It is summer holidays C: it is a kind of holiday to escape from danger. D It is for children to go into the lonely place for exciting activities. 14 Which children are more likely to take part in “Survival Holidays”? A: Poor children B: Rich children C: Children from cities D Children from rural areas 15. The last paragraph is mainly about _________. A: why people dislike “Survival Holidays”. B: the advantage of “Survival Holidays” C: The disadvantage of “Survival Holidays” D: the suggestions of taking part in “Survival Holidays”
第二节：根据短文内容，从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为 多余选项。 （每空 2 分满分 10 分） Not next to me , please！ When you are traveling by plane, there are some passengers you just don’t want to have next to you. A_____16____ Perhaps you normally like them, but when you are sitting next to them on a plane it’s a different thing. They usually spend all the flight moving around and dropping their toys on the floor, and when they’re drinking their orange juice it ends up on your trousers. ____17____. So you can’t have the little sleep that you were panning. B Conversation makers You recognize this type as soon as you sit down they immediately start talking about the plane, or the weather, or they ask you a personal question. It’s very difficult not to talk to these people.______18__ C Nervous fliers These are the people with white faces who sit down and immediately ask for something to drink. Every five minutes they call a flight attendant to ask if are any problems with the plane.____19____ The best thing to do is to pretend to sleep. D Space invaders _____20_____But they have a terrible habit of taking up all their room, and some of your room too. They usually sit so that you can’t move, with their arms and legs in your space. A:Small children B: Careless parents C: They also tell you about air disasters. D: These people are not necessarily very big. E: Then they decide they want to play with you. F: Some people want to talk all through the flight. G: You’ll probably have to keep talking until the plane lands 第二部分 语言知识运用 第一节 完形填空（共 20 小题；每题 1.5 分，满分 30 分） 阅读下面短文，从短文后各题所给的四个选项（A, B, C 和 D）中，选出可以填入空白 处的最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 Mars is not, it seems, the dry old planet we once believed it to be. Astronauts who are__21__ to go there in the next decade may find plenty _22__ water to slake (消除) their thirst.
And with water present the _23__ of finding some sort of life on Mars are __24__ brighter. This is the view of 40 __25__ all over the world who have been analyzing __26__ of pictures and other scientific __27__ obtained by robot explorers in the sixties and seventies. To begin with, scientists thought the Red Planet was as _28_ as the Moon with dust storms swirling over vast sandy __29__. But now the picture is very different with mountains and valleys carved by __30__ glaciers and torrential rivers rushing and rumbling deep underground. In a report on the __31__ of the Martian pictures Dr. Michael Car of the US Geological Survey comments: "I am convinced___32__ lots of water on Mars. " Any surface water will be in the __33__ of ice. But it could save explorers __34__ to take so much fresh __35__ with them. The report says __36__ Mars probably had a warmer climate in ages __37__ due to its axis having been more steeply tilted towards the Sun. __38__ convincing signs of plant or animal life have been __39__ by instruments soft landed on Mars, __40__ only the immediate vicinity (靠近) of landing vehicles could be examined. 21A. expected 22. A. to 23. A chances 24. A quite 25 A. biologists 26 A. a few 27 A. skills 28 A. peaceful 29 . A. deserts 30 A. energetic 31 . A. diagnosis 32 A. there’s 33. A. appearance 34 . A. have 35. A. water 36. A. what 37. A. pass 38 A. Not 39. A. detected 40. A. probably B. hoped B. of B. openings B. very C. required C. more C. occasions C. much D. eager D. in D opportunities D. more D.psychologists D. thousands D. information D. dead D. rivers D. heavy D. analyses D. here’re D shape D. carrying D. vegetable D. that D. before D. Never D. felt D.although
B. geologists C. sociologists B many C. thousand B. news C. intelligence B quiet C. lifeless B. mountains C. seas B. great C. powerful B. syntheses C. analysis B. there’re C. here’s B. way B. having B. ice B. if B. past B. No B. touched B. perhaps C. form C. carry C. food C. how C. ago C. Nor C. seen C. supposed
第二节 语法填空（共 10 题，毎小题 1.5 分，满分 15 分） 阅读下面短文，按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求，在空格处填入一个适当 的词或用括号中的词语的正确形式填空，并将答案填写在答题卡上。 Walking around the town ___41_________I live in France is a little like stepping back in time. There are hardly any cars on the streets. Since I __42________(arrive) two weeks ago I have taken the e opportunity to explore the town by bike or on foot. A beautiful canal _______43___(call) “le canal du Berry” runs through the centre of the town. The canal __________44______(surround) by sandy paths, large chestnut trees and old-fashioned streets lamps. I was lucky enough __45__________(be) able to borrow a bike and take _________46______evening bike ride through the town. This was ________47_______(especial) interesting as there is a pathway of lights that guides you around the historical sights of the town. The paths also lights up many old houses which really show the ___48_______(tradition) style of the town. I love going on this bike ride as I got to learn a bit about the history of the town. The best part of it is ___49__________it was free! The weather is great with an average of 20 ℃ and I spend much time ___50______(walk) a lot each day. It is a great way to keep fit and discover places close by and away if you are feeling energetic. 第三部分 写作（共两节，满分 35 分） 第一节短文改错（共 10 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 10 分） 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文，请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共 有 10 处语言错误，每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加：在缺词处加一个漏字符号（∧） ，并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除：把多余的词用斜线〔\〕划掉。 修改：在错的词下划一横线，并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意：1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词； 2.只允许修改 10 处，多者（从第 11 处起）不计分。 During the weekend I traveled by air the first time in my life. I generally travel by train and bus. It is both cheaper and safe. But this was a short journey. In the beginning I did not feel very happily, but this feeling did not last longer. The journey was very exciting. I was soon high up in the sky among the cloud. The views of mountains, fields and rivers were interested. I was enjoyed my short and comfortable journey very much. This experience has shown that traveling in air is actually the safest way of make journeys.
第二节书面表达（满分 25 分） （注意：在试题卷上作答无效）
假如你是贵安三中学生李华，学校拟选拔一些优秀学生，利用暑假到贵安实验小学为学生辅导英语。你 希望参加此活动。请根据以下提示，用英语给学校评选组写一封申请信： 对此活动的认识（对本人、学生和社会的益处等） 个人优势（如性格、独立生活能力、语言能力等） 你的计划（如将怎样进行辅导等） 注意：字数不能少于 100 字，可适当加入细节，以使内容充实、行文连贯；信的开头和结尾已给出不计 入词数。 参考生词：Guian No.3 senior high school, Guian Exprimental primary school Dear Sir or Madam: I’m Li hua from Guian No.3 Senior High School,. __________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________
Yours Sincerely, Li Hua
参考答案： 选择题： 1-5 CDADB
11-15 CADCB 16-20 AEGCD
21-25 ABACB 26-30 DDCAC 31-35 DBBAD 36-40 DBBAD 语言知识运用题： 41 where 42 arrived 43 called 44 is surrounded 45 to be 46 an 47 especially 48 traditional 49 that 50 walking 改错： 1 air∧---------for 2 and---------or 3 safe--------safer 4 happily---happy 5 longer------long 6 cloud--------clouds 7 interested-----------interesting 8 was----- ＼ 9 in------by 10 make----------making 参考作文： Dear Sir or Madam, I am Li Hua from Class one, Senior Two. I’m confident that I’m suitable for the kind of the job you are providing. On the one hand, I think the voluntary work can build up my confidence, develop good ability of social gatherings and broaden my horizons. But most importantly, I would like to do something for the children in Guian Experimental Primary School in need. On the other hand, I’m an active boy with the ability to live independently. I am interested in and good at English. My plan can be seen as follows. First, I will teach the children to sing English songs. Besides, I will often go to the English Corner with them to practice their spoken English. In addition, I will tell them English Corner with them to practice their spoken English. In addition, I will tell them English stories. I’m looking forward to your reply at your most convenience. Yours Sincerely, Li Hua