A Test on Reading Skills
I. Grammar (38points:32+6) （A） One day, Nick invited his friends to supper. He ____1___ (cook
) some delicious food in the kitchen. Suddenly, he found that he ___2___(run) out of salt. So Nick called to his son, “Go to the village and buy some salt, but pay a fair price for it, neither too much ___3___ too little.” His son looked surprised, “ I can understand why I shouldn?t pay too much, Father , But if I can pay less, ___4___ not save a bit of money?” “That would be a very ___5___ (reason) thing to do in a big city, but it could destroy a small village like ___6___ (we) Nick said. Nick?s guests, ___7___ had heard their conversation, asked why they should not buy salt more cheaply ___8___ they could. Nick replied, “The only reason why a man would sell salt ___9___ a lower price would be ___10___ he was desperate for money. And anyone who took the advantage of that situation would be showing a lack of respect ___11___ the sweat and struggle of the man who worked very hard to produce ___12___” “But such a small thing couldn?t ___13___(possible) destroy a village.” “In the beginning, there was only ___14___ very small amount of unfairness in the world, but everyone added a little, always ___15___ (think) that it was only small and not very important and look where we have ended ___16___ today.” (B) Sports and games make our bodies strong, prevent us from getting too fat, and keep us health y. ___17___ these not their only uses. They give us valuable practice in making eyes, brain and muscles ___18___ (work ) together. In tennis, ___19___ our eyes see the ball coming, our brain has to decidewhat to do, a nd so send its orders to the muscles of the arms, legs and so on, so that the ball is met and hit back ___20___ it ought to go. All this must hap pen with very greatspeed, and only those who have had a lot of practice at tennis can carry out this chain of events successfully. For those who work with their brains most of the day, the pracice of such skills is espcially useful. Sports and games are also very useful for character-training. ___21___ each of students lear n to work for his team and not for himself on the football field, he will ___22___ (late) find it natu ral to work for the good of his country instead of only for his own benefit. II. Vocabulary (27 points:3*9) A. restore F. locating B. recall G. instead C. processing H. fascinating D. previously I. elsewhere E. necessary J. composition
As infants, we can recognize our mothers within hours of birth. In fact, we can recognize the 23 of our mother ?s face well before we can recognize her body shape. It?s 24 how the brain can carry out such a function at such a young age, especially since we don?t learn to walk and talk until we are over a year old. By the time we are adults, we have the ability to distinguish around 100,000 faces. How can we remember so many faces when many of us find it difficult to
25 such a simple thing as a phone number? The exact process is not yet fully understood, but research around the world has begun to define the specific areas of the brain and processes 26 for facial recognition. Researchers at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology believe that they have succeeded in 27 a specific area of the brain called the fusiform face area (FFA), which is used only for facial recognition. This means that recognition of familiar objects such as our clothes or cars, is from 28 in the brain. Researchers also have found that the brain needs to see the whole face for recognition to take place. It had been 29 thought that we only needed to see certain facial features. Meanwhile, research at University College London has found that facial recognition is not a single process, but 30 involves three steps. The first step appears to be an analysis of the physical features of a person?s face, which is similar to how we scan the bar codes of our groceries. In the next step, the brain decides whether the face we are looking at is already known or unknown to us. And finally, the brain furnishes the information we have collected about the person whose face we are looking at. This complex 31 is done in a split second so that we can behave quickly when reacting to certain situations.
III. Reading Comprehension (24points:3*8)
A For some people, music is no fun at all. About four percent of the population is what scientists call “amusic.” People who are amusic are born without the ability to recognize or reproduce musical notes (音调). Amusic people often cannot tell the difference between two songs. Amusics can only hear the difference between two notes if they are very far apart on the musical scale. As a result, songs sound like noise to an amusic. Many amusics compare the sound of music to pieces of metal hitting each other. Life can be hard for amusics. Their inability to enjoy music set them apart from others. It can be difficult for other people to identify with their condition. In fact, most people cannot begin to grasp what it feels like to be amusic. Just going to a restaurant or a shopping mall can be uncomfortable or even painful. That is why many amusics intentionally stay away from places where there is music. However, this can result in withdrawal and social isolation. “I used to hate parties,” says Margaret, a seventy-year-old woman who only recently discovered that she was amusic. By studying people like Margaret, scientists are finally learning how to identify this unusual condition. Scientists say that the brains of amusics are different from the brains of people who can appreciate music. The difference is complex, and it doesn?t involve defective hearing. Amusics can understand other nonmusical sounds well. They also have no problems understanding ordinary speech. Scientists compare amusics to people who just can?t see certain colors. Many amusics are happy when their condition is finally diagnosed ( 诊断 ). For years, Margaret felt embarrassed about her problem with music. Now she knows that she is not alone. There is a name for her condition. That makes it easier for her to explain. “When people invite me to a concert, I just say, ?No thanks, I?m amusic,?” says Margaret. “I just wish I had learned to say that when I was seventeen and not seventy.” (335 words) 32. Which of the following is true of amusics? A. Listening to music is far from enjoyable for them.
B. They love places where they are likely to hear music. C. They can easily tell two different songs apart. D. Their situation is well understood by musicians. 33. According to paragraph 3, a person with “defective hearing” is probably one who __________. A. dislikes listening to speeches B. can hear anything nonmusical C. has a hearing problem D. lacks a complex hearing system 34. In the last paragraph, Margaret expressed her wish that __________. A. her problem with music had been diagnosed earlier B. she were seventeen years old rather than seventy C. her problem could be easily explained D. she were able to meet other amusics 35. What is the passage mainly concerned with? A. Amusics? strange behaviours. B. Some people?s inability to enjoy music. C. Musical talent and brain structure. D. Identification and treatment of amusics. Directions: Read the passage carefully. Then answer the questions or complete the statements in the fewest possible words. A study of more than five million books, both fiction and non-fiction, has found a marked decline in the use of emotional words over time. The researchers form the University of Bristol used Google Ngram Viewer, a facility for finding the frequency of terms in scanned books, to search for more than 600 particular words identified as representing anger, dislike, fear, joy, sadness and surprise. They found that almost all of the categories (类别) showed a drop in these “mood words” over time. Only in the category of fear was there an increase in usage. “It is a steady and continuous decrease,” said Dr Alberto Acerbi. He assumed that the result might be explained by a change in the position occupied by literature, in a crowded media landscape. “One thing could be that in parallel to books the 20th century saw the start of other media. Maybe these media—movies, radio, drama—had more emotional content than books.” Although both joy and sadness followed the general downwards trend, the research, published in the journal PLOS One, found that they also exhibited another interesting behaviour： the ratio (比率) between the two varied greatly, apparently mirroring historical events. During the Roaring Twenties the joy-to-sadness ratio reached a peak that would not occur again until before the recent financial crash. But the ratio plunged at the height of the Second World War. Nevertheless, the researchers held a reserved opinion about their claim that their result reflected wider social trends. In the paper, they even argue that the reverse could be true. “It has been suggested, for example, that it was the suppression (压抑) of desire in ordinary Elizabethan English life that increased demand for writing ?filled with romance and sex?… perhaps,” they conclude, “songs and books may not reflect the real population any more than catwalk models reflect the average body.” (Note： Answer the questions or complete the statements in NO MORE THAN TEN WORDS.) 36. A study of more than five million books indicated a decline in “mood words” over time except
_______________. 37. According to Dr Alberto Acerbi, one reason for the drop of “mood words” in books may be that _______________. 38. What were the two periods when the joy-to-sadness ratio was at its highest? 39. While the researchers found some changes in the use of “mood words” in books, they were not sure that _______________. V. Translation (36points)(5+6+8+8+9) 40. 今年元旦我们玩得很开心。(enjoy)
41. 舅舅昨天寄给我一张卡片，祝贺我 18 岁生日。(congratulate)
44. 她一看完那个关于已灭绝物种的电视节目，就立志加入野生动物保护组织。(No sooner)
45. Speaking/Writing (25 points) Directions: Write an English composition in 120-150 words according to the instructions given below in Chinese. 上海博物馆拟举办一次名画展， 现就展出场所 （博物馆还是社区图书馆） 征集公众意见， 假设你是王敏，给上海博物馆写一封信表达你的想法。你的信必须满足以下要求： 1. 简述你写信的目的及你对场所的选择； 2. 说明你的理由（从便利性，专业性等方面对这两个场所进行对比） 。
英语能力测试参考答案及评分标准 32points 1. was cooking 7. who 13. possibly 6points 17. But
2. had run 8. if 14. a 18. work
3. nor 9. in
4. why 10. that
5.. reasonable 11. to 16. up 20. where
6. ours 12. service
15. thinking 19. when
21. If 22. later
27points 23-31 JHBEF IDGC 24points 32-35 A C A B 36. in the category of fear 37. the literary position has changed in a crowded media landscape / other media—movies, radio, drama— had more emotional content 38. During the roaring Twenties and before the recent financial crash. 39. their research result reflected wider social trends / songs and books reflected the real population 36points 40. We enjoyed ourselves this New Year?s Day this year. 41. My uncle sent me a card yesterday to congratulate / congratulating me on my 18th birthday. 42. After years of / years? construction, the little town is now as lively as it was before the earthquake / it used to be before the earthquake. 43. The performance began with a piece of classical music which was familiar to people in their fifties. 44. No sooner had she watched the TV program on the extinct species than she made up her mind to join the wildlife protection organization.