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2013高考英语一轮复习精品课件:Module 2 No drugs 外研版必修2


Module 2

No Drugs

基础梳理
Ⅰ.单词荟萃 1.addict n. 入迷的人;瘾君子→ addictive adj.使人上瘾的, ________ 使人入迷的→ ________ adj. 上瘾的, 入迷的→ addiction addicted n. 瘾, 入迷, 嗜好 2.danger n.危险→ ___

_____ adj.危险的→ endanger vt. ________ dangerous 危及;使遭到危险 3. _________ adj. 有力的;有功效的→ _________ adj. 没有力 powerful powerless 量的→power n. 力量;权利

4. __________ n. 联系;关系;关联→connect v. 联系→ connection _________ adj.有关联的 connected reduce 5. ________ vt. 减少→reduction n. 减少 6. ______ adj. 违法的;不合法的→legal adj. 合法的 illegal 7. _______ v.不同意;意见不合→ ___________ n.不一致; disagree disagreement 争论→agree vt.同意→ ___________ n. 协议;(意见等)一 agreement 致 8. _________ n.治疗→treat v.治疗 treatment 9. ______ v. 影响→ _______ n. 影响, 作用 affect effect

10.participant n.参与者;参加者→ _________ v.参加, participate 参与→participation n.参加, 参与 11. ________ v.认出, 识别;认可→recognition n. 认出, 识 recognize 别, 承认

Ⅱ.短语检测 1.与……有关系 2.破门而入 3.与……共享 4.处于危险中 5.对……上瘾 6.处于痛苦中 7.听取某人的建议 8.为了 9.提高(价格等) 10.由于……的结果

be related to break into share with be in danger be addicted to… be in pain take one’s advice so as to/in order to put up as a result of

11.设定一个日期 12.制订计划 13.列出一个……的单子 14.培养新的兴趣 15.参加……班/课程的学习

set a date make plans make a list of… develop new interests take a…class/course

Ⅲ.佳句再现 1.Thirteen people die every hour from illness related to smoking tobacco, such as cancer, bronchitis and heart ______ disease. 每小时有13个人死于与吸烟有关的疾病, 例如癌 症、支气管炎和心脏病。 2.It was ______ dangerous drug ____ he nearly died. such a that 这是一种如此危险的药品, 以至于让他差点丧命。 3.Now I work in a centre for drug addicts, ______________________________. helping others to stop taking drugs 我现在在一个戒毒中心工作, 帮助人们戒毒。

4.In most states in the US, _________________ to smoke in it is against the law public buildings. 在美国的很多个州, 在公共场所吸烟是违 法的。 5.I couldn’t _________ .我完全同意。 agree more Ⅳ.单元语法 Infinitive of purpose; Adverbial clause of result

单词点睛
1 addict n. 入迷的人, 有瘾的人 (1) addictive adj. 使人上瘾的;使人着迷的 addicted adj. 入迷的, 有瘾的 addiction n. 瘾, 入迷, 嗜好 (2) be/get addicted to 热衷于;对……上瘾 【温馨提示】 和addicted搭配的to为介词, 后面若加动词要用动名词形式。

第8讲 │ 单词点睛
【活学活用】 (1) Smokers are likely to be addicted to nicotine. ______________ 吸烟的人容易对尼古丁上瘾。 (2) I took up skiing a couple of years ago and I ___________________. find it quite addictive 我几年前开始练滑雪, 发现这项运动挺让人着迷。

第8讲 │ 单词点睛
2 likely adj. (probable)很可能的 adv. 或许, 很可能 (1) unlikely adj. 不太可能的 (2) be likely/unlikely to do sth. 很可能/不太可能做某事 It is likely/unlikely that… 很可能/不太可能……

第8讲 │ 单词点睛
【易混辨析】 likely, possible和probable (1) 意义上:likely 和probable表示的可能性都较大, possible 表示的可能性则较小。 (2) 搭配上: sb./sth. be likely to do … It is likely/possible/probable that… It is possible (for sb.) to do sth.

第8讲 │ 单词点睛
【易错警示】 likely的主语既可以是物, 也可以是人, 但不能说It is likely (for sb.) to do; probable和possible的主语则必须是形式主语it。 如: He is likely to take the job. It is likely/probable/possible that he will take the job. It is possible for him to take the job. 他(很)可能接受这份工作。

第8讲 │ 单词点睛
【活学活用】 (1) The war _________ continue. 战争很可能会继续。 is likely to (2) Is it _______ to get tickets for the game? possible 有没有可能弄到比赛的票?

第8讲 │ 单词点睛
3 affect vt. (to produce an effect or change)影响;(to touch or move)感动;[(of disease) to attack; to infect](疾病) 侵袭 be deeply affected by…被……所深深感动 【易混辨析】 affect, effect和influence 三个词都含“影响”的意思。

第8讲 │ 单词点睛
(1) affect v. 指“产生的影响之大足以引起反应”, 着重“影 响” 的动作, 有时含有“对……产生不利影响”的意思。 (2)effect n. 效果, 影响, 作用, 常用于短语 have an effect on 中。 (3)influence n.&v. 影响, 指“通过说服、举例等对行动、 思 想、性格等产生不易觉察到的、潜移默化的影响”。作名 词 时可以构成短语have an influence on。 【温馨提示】 effect作名词时表示“影响, 作用”, 而作动词时意为“使发 生,实现,引起”。 学生容易混淆。

第8讲 │ 单词点睛
【活学活用】 (1) Your opinion will not ______ my decision. affect 你的意见不会影响我的决定。 (2) What ______ do you think the changes will have ____ you? effect on 你认为这些变化会给你带来什么样的影响? (3) Influenced by a high school biology teacher, he took up the _________ study of medicine. 在一位高中生物老师的影响下, 他开始从事医学研究。

第8讲 │ 单词点睛
4 ban vt. [to officially forbid (sth.)] 明令禁止n. 禁止, 禁令 (1) ban sb. from (doing) sth. 命令禁止某人做某事 a ban on sb./sth. 对……的禁令 (2) forbid sb. from doing sth./forbid sb. to do sth. 禁止某人做某事 prevent/stop/keep sb. from doing sth. 阻止某人做某事

第8讲 │ 单词点睛
【易混辨析】 ban和forbid (1) ban指官方正式地禁止危险的、危害公众的事物, 含谴责 或不赞成的态度。 (2) forbid是普通用语, 表示清楚地、态度强硬地直接禁止某 人做某事,用于较小事物, 或由个人、上级、官方、长辈 发出的正式规定或规则, 或客观条件不允许。

第8讲 │ 单词点睛
【活学活用】 1. 根据汉语意思完成句子 (1) Charlie’s been __________________ for a year. banned from driving 查理被禁止驾车一年。 (2) We have put a _______ smoking. ban on 我们已颁布了禁烟令。

第8讲 │ 单词点睛
2. 单项填空 The rain ________ us to go out yesterday. A.banned B.forbade C.prevented D.made 【解析】 B 考查动词辨析。句意:下雨阻止了我们出去。 此处指客观条件不允许,因此用B。prevent 要用于 搭配 prevent sb. from doing。

第8讲 │ 单词点睛
5 recognize vt. 认出, 识别;认可, 承认;公认;赏识 (1) recognition n. 认出, 识别;承认;公认 recognizable adj. 可辨认的, 可识别的;可承认的 (2)recognize… __ 公认……为;承认……是 as It is recognized that… 人们承认…… 【易混辨析】 recognize和know recognize意为“认出, 辨别出”, 强调从外表上辨认出, 指 一时性的动作;know是状态性动词, 表示知道某个人并认 识他, 在一定程度上还对他有所了解, 指长久性的一种情况。

第8讲 │ 单词点睛
【活学活用】 (1)I ______ him, but I could hardly recognize him when I saw ________ know him last night. 我认识他, 但当我昨晚看到他时, 我几乎 认不出他了。 is recognized as (2)He ______________ a talented writer. 他被公认为是一个有天分的作家。 (3) ____________________ the project was much harder than It was recognized that expected. 人们认识到这个工程比预料的要难得多。

第8讲 │ 短语储存 短语储存
1 be related to 和……有关系, 和……有联 系 in relation to with 关于;涉及 be connected ____ 和……有联系 have sth./nothing to do with 和……(没)有关系 【温馨提示】 be related to中to为介词, 后面要加名词或动名词。

第8讲 │ 短语储存
【活学活用】 The theme of the reading passageis related to/is connected ____________________ ____________________________ with/has something to do with the theme of the dialogue. 阅读文章的主题与对话的主题有关。

第8讲 │ 短语储存
2 be in danger be in danger of… be out of danger 在危险之中 有……的危险 脱离危险

【易混辨析】 danger和risk (1) danger是常用词, 指“目前的危险, 也可指今后的或不一 定发生的危险”; (2) risk指“风险”, 含有“主动冒险”的意思。

第8讲 │ 短语储存
【活学活用】 (1) Children’s lives ___________ every time they cross this road. are in danger 孩子们每次过这条马路都面临着生命危险。 (2) He rescued the child at the ____ of his own life. risk 他冒着生命危险把那个孩子救出来了。

第8讲 │ 短语储存
3 break into (to enter a building or car by using force, in order to steal sth.) 强行闯入 break into tears/laughter/cheers 突然大哭/大笑/欢呼起来 break away from 逃走;逃脱 break down (机器等)出故障, 坏掉;(身体)垮 掉, (精神)崩溃;失败;划分;使分解(为) break in 闯入, 强行进入;打断, 插嘴 break out 突然发生 break through 突破, 冲破;克服, 战胜 break __ up 粉碎, 分裂;(婚姻等)结束

第8讲 │ 短语储存
【温馨提示】 break into 和break in 都有“闯入”的意思, 但break into是及 物动词, 后面要加宾语, 而break in是不及物动词, 后面不 加宾语。如: Burglars broken in while they were away on holiday. 他们假日外出时, 有窃贼进入了屋内。

第8讲 │ 短语储存
【活学活用】 根据语境选择break合适的短语填空 (1)The thieves broke intothe office and stole some money. ________ (2) Please don’t _________on our conversation. break in (3) He ___________and cried when he heard the news. broke down (4) Scientists think they are beginning to break through in the ____________ fight against cancer. (5) Their marriage has _________. broken up (6) Our car __________ on the way home. broke down (7) I was in a nightclub in Brixton and a fight _________. broke out

第8讲 │ 短语储存
4 so as to=in order to 为了 【温馨提示】 so as to 不能放于句首, 而in order to 或不定式to短语则可以 放于句首。 so as to 为了, 表目的。 so…as to 如此……以至于, 表结果。

第8讲 │ 短语储存
【活学活用】 (1)He ran ____________________ catch the first bus. fast so as to/in order to 他飞快地跑以便赶上第一班车。 (2)He ran _____________ his balance and fell. so fast as to lose 他跑得太快了, 结果失去平衡摔倒了。

第8讲 │ 句型透视 句型透视
1 It was such a dangerous drug that he nearly died. 这是一种如此危险的药品, 以至于让他差点丧命。

第8讲 │ 句型透视

句型公式 such/so…that “如此…以至于”, 用来引导结果状语从句。 a/an+adj. +单数可数名词 +that从句 such+ adj. +复数名词 adj. +不可数名词 adj./adv. so+ adj.+a/an+单数可数名词 +that从句 many+名词复数 few+名词复数 so+ +that从句 much+不可数名词 little+不可数名词

第8讲 │ 句型透视
【温馨提示】 “such + a/an +adj. +单数可数名词+ that”可以与“so+adj. +a/an+单数可数名词+that”互换, 要注意不定冠词的位置。 【句式点拨】 (1) so 或such与所修饰的部分放于句首时会引起部分倒装。如: So attracted was he by the game that he forgot the time. 他被这种游戏深深吸引了, 竟忘记了时间。 Such a lively lesson did he give us on my first day at school that I still remember it today. 在我上学的第一天他给我们 上的课非常生动, 我至今还记得。

第8讲 │ 句型透视
(2) so后面也可以直接加动词的过去分词。如: The book is so written that it gives a quite wrong idea of the facts. 这本书写成了这个样子, 给出了完全错误的事实。 (3) 当前后主语相同时, 我们还经常用到so…as to…和 such…as to…来表示“如此……以至于”。如: I was so stupid as to play football in the rain. 我竟愚蠢到在雨中踢球。

第8讲 │ 句型透视
【活学活用】 (1) He made _______________________________________ that such an excellent speech/so excellent a speech everyone admired him. 他做了如此精彩的演讲, 所有的人都很佩服他。 (2) There were _____ a lot of people that we didn’t have ____ such enough seats for everyone. 人太多了, 没有足够的座位给每个人坐。 (3) ___________ the force of the explosion that windows were So great was broken.爆炸的威力相当大, 窗子都碎了。

第8讲 │ 句型透视
2 I couldn’t agree more. 我非常赞同。 【句式点拨】 此句中, “couldn’t+比较级”表示肯定意义, “再……不过 了;非常”。在比较级中, 经常用比较级和否定结构结合表 示最高级含义或表示肯定强调。如: We couldn’t have found a better place for a picnic. 我们不可能找到比这儿更适合野餐的地方了。(即:这是我们 所找到的最适合野餐的地方。) I have never seen a more interesting film. 这是我看过的电影中最有趣的。

第8讲 │ 句型透视
【活学活用】 1. 根据汉语意思完成句子 The weather couldn’t be worse. 天气再糟糕不过了(非常糟糕)。 2. 单项填空 —How was the movie last night? —I’ve never seen ________ before. It was so breathtaking! A.the best one B.the better one C.a good one D.a better one 【解析】 D 从回答者的第二句话可知,电影非常棒,因 此,用比较级和否定结构可以表示最高级概念,因此选D。

第8讲 │ 跟踪训练 跟踪训练
Ⅰ.单词拼写 1.Smoke a______ health, so you’d better give it up. ffects 2.You will be a______ to the drug if you keep on taking it. ddicted reated 3.The stepmother t______ the girl better than her own child. 4.I think it would be good if they b_____ smoking in anned restaurants and cafes as well. 5.No, I d______. I don’t think it would be the right thing to do. isagree

第8讲 │ 跟踪训练
Ⅱ.选词填空 be related to, share with, take my advice, so as to, put up 1.The test questions are kept secret _______ prevent cheating. so as to 2.More and more people die from illnesses related to pollution. ________ 3.If you don’t ______________, you will be sorry one day. take my advice put up 4.The government _______ the price of cigarettes to stop people buying them. 5.I have an office that I share with some other teachers. _________

第8讲 │ 跟踪训练
Ⅲ.单项填空 1.[2010· 陕西卷] Studies show that people are more ________ to suffer from back problems if they always sit before computer screens for long hours. A. likely B. possible C. probable D. sure 【解析】 A 考查形容词的用法区分。根据句子意思表示可 能性,排除D;另外,sb. is likely to do sth.这一句式中,不 能用possible和probable,它们可用于:It is possible/probable that…。

第8讲 │ 跟踪训练
2.Scientists have been worried for years about the _________ of air pollution on the earth’s natural conditions. A.effect B.reason C.account D.cause 【解析】 A 考查名词辨析。根据语境“……担心空气污 染对地球自然状况的影响”,选A。

第8讲 │ 跟踪训练
3.Every weekend, Mrs Green asked her daughter to visit the museum to ________ her interest in science. A.grow B.develop C.make D.build 【解析】 B develop意为“培育;使形成”,符合句意。

第8讲 │ 跟踪训练
4.It was ________ that the tourists wanted to spend more time taking pictures outdoors. A.so fine weather B.such fine weather C.so fine a weather D.such a fine weather 【解析】 B 能用so。 weather是不可数名词,因此要用such,而不

第8讲 │ 跟踪训练
5.The computer system ________ suddenly while he was searching information on the Internet. A.broke down B.broke out C.broke up D.broke in 【解析】 A 考查break短语辨析。 break down意为“(机器) 损坏”;break out意为“逃脱;逃出;突然发生”;break up意为“分裂;结束;解散”;break in意为“闯入”。

第8讲 │ 跟踪训练
6. ________ that Maric was able to set up new branches elsewhere. A.So successful her business was B.So successful was her business C.So her business was successful D.So was her successful business 【解析】 B 考查so…that句型的倒装形式。在 so/such…that结构中,如果把so或such所修饰的形容词或 副词提前,主句要倒装,因此答案为B。

第8讲 │ 跟踪训练
7.Yao Ming was recognized ________ one of the best basketball players in China. A.as B.for C.with D.like 【解析】 A be recognized as…意为“被认为是……”。句 意:姚明被认为是中国最伟大的篮球运动员之一。

8.The couple finally bought the house they wanted, for they ________ enough money. A.had saved B.were saving C.would save D.were to save 【解析】 A 考查时态。句意:夫妇俩终于买了他们想要的 房子,因为他们已经攒了足够的钱。“攒钱”是在“买房 子”之前,所以用过去完成时。

9.The matter ________ your fate(命运) can not be taken for granted. A.has to do with B.related to C.referred to D.connecting with 【解析】 B 考查relate短语。related to 作后置定语,相当 于connected with。

10.—It is not a good idea to go hiking on such a day. — ________ It looks like rain. A.Yes. B.Why not? C.Certainly. D.Absolutely. 【解析】 D 考查交际用语。Absolutely可以表示同意,意 为“当然,对极了”。

阅读写作(四)[应用文写作之投 诉信]

写作点拨
在生活中,人们经常会遇到一些令人伤脑筋的事情,比如 消费利益受损、正常生活和工作受到干扰等,此时写封投诉信 不失为一个解决问题的办法。 投诉信通常包括以下几个方面的内容:说明投诉的原因并 表示遗憾;实事求是地阐述问题发生的经过,切记不要夸大其 词;指出问题引起的后果;提出批评及处理的意见或敦促对方 采取措施,或者提出所希望的赔偿以及补救方式。组织提纲时 要遵循“三步走”的写作规律:

阅读写作(四) │ 写作点拨
第一段:表明来信所要投诉的问题,尽可能做到客观礼貌, 给读信人留下好印象。应该记住读信人不一定就是错误的责任 人,他的合作对事情的最终圆满解决有着非常重要的作用。 第二段:写明投诉的原因、问题的经过及产生的后果。可 以说具体的理由,也可以说问题的具体体现方式。 第三段:提出解决方案,不需展开。这段应体现书信的礼 貌原则,可以用类似“如果你能……,我将十分感激”这样的 表达方式。还要注意做到公平、公正。

词句模板
1.段首常用语: (1) I am writing to make a complaint about… (2) I am most reluctant to complain,but… (3) One annoying aspect of your service is… (4) I have been pleased with your services for years,but now I feel very disappointed. (5) I would like to draw your attention to the problem/fault…

(6) I am writing to inform you that I find…unsatisfactory. (7) I wish to express my dissatisfaction/disappointment about… 2.段尾常用语: (1) It would be highly appreciated if you could… (2) I believe you will take my complaints seriously and… (3) I hope you will give due attention to this matter. (4) I would like to get this matter settled by the end of this month. (5) I could not be more satisfied if you can kindly… (6) I would appreciate it very much if you could…

3.投诉信格式模板: Dear ______, I am ______ (自我介绍). I feel bad to trouble you but I am afraid that I have to make a complaint about ______ (抱怨的事情). The reason for my dissatisfaction is ______ (总体介绍). In the first place, ______ (抱怨的第一个方面). In addition, ______ (抱怨的第二个方面). Under these circumstances, I find it ______ (感觉) to ______ (抱怨的方面带来的后果).

I appreciate it very much if you could ______ (提出建议和 请求), preferably ______ (进一步的要求), and I would like to have this matter settled by ______ (设定解决事情最后期限). Thank you for your consideration and I will be looking forward to your reply. Yours sincerely, Li Ming

【活学活用】 假定你是李华,学校广播站英语节目向全校学生征求英文 稿件,请根据下面提示写一封英文投诉信: 1.我收到你们上个月的话费单后发现有些计算错误,我 觉得我被多收(overcharge)了两个国际长途费用。 2.但当我打电话询问客服部门时,接电话的女孩态度非 常粗鲁。一方面她总是打断我的话,另一方面她甚至说错误在 我。 3.我建议对这个女孩进行处罚,另外告诉她该如何对待 客户。我希望她能正式向我道歉。

阅读写作(四) │ 词句模板
注意: 1.此投诉信应写给中国电信公司(China telecom)服务经 理。 2.信的开头与结尾已给出。 3.词数:100左右。 Dear Sir, I am writing to let you know the deplorable attitude of one of your staff members.______________________________________________ An early response will be appreciated. Sincerely yours, Li Hua

【参考范文】 Dear Sir, I am writing to let you know the deplorable attitude of one of your staff members. I received my telephone bill for the previous month from you and thought there were some errors in calculation; I had been overcharged for two overseas calls. However, when I called your Complaints Department, the girl who answered my phone was very rude. For one thing she interrupted me continually, for another she even said that it was my own fault. Needless to say, such a way of dealing with customers is unacceptable.

I would like to suggest that the girl in question should be disciplined, and instructed on the proper way to deal with clients. And I hope she can make a formal apology to me. An early response will be appreciated. Sincerely yours, Li Hua


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