Unit 2 The Environment Reading
Teaching aims: (1) To read a passage about economy and environment to improve their reading ability. (2) To make them aware of the problems caused by man w
ith the development of economy. (3) Make students pay attention to the environment problems and think about what they can do to help protect the environment. (4) To learn how to read a debate. Important points & difficult points: (1) To help the students learn how to keep the balance between economy and environment. (2) To help the students learn how to read a debate. Teaching methods: (1) Fast reading to get a general idea of the passage. (2) Careful reading to understand the passage better. (3) Discussion to help the student understand what they have learnt. (4) Individual, pair work and group work to enable the students participate in the activities in class. Teaching aids: (1) A tape recorder (2) A multimedia (3) The blackboard Teaching procedure: Step 1: Leading-in T: Tell them what they have learnt in the last period and with the development of economy all over the world, the environment problems are becoming more and more serious, especially in developing countries. Then let them look at the pictures
on the screen carefully. Answer the following questions: (1) What can you see in the pictures? (2) What are the caused of them? (2) How to solve these problems? (Give them a few minutes to prepare. They can choose one or more to talk about. Any related opinions are accepted. Later tell them that humans should develop the economy to meet the need of their own but on the other hand, with the development of economy, it causes serious environmental problems. Ask them to think about the question below. Let them express themselves freely.) ? The economy or the environment—which will you choose?
Step 2: Fast reading T: Let them go on with the passage to get more information about the topic. Read the debate quickly as possible and answer the questions： 1) What side does Mr Lin Shuiqing and Mr Qian Liwei each represent? (Mr lin represents the society for Environment Preservation while Mr Qian an business development consulant) 2) By how many times has the world’s population increased since 1800? (More than six times) 3) According to Mr Qian Liwei, What should be done to factories that pollute the environment? (Those factories should have to pay higher taxes) Step 3: Careful reading T: Tell them to read the passage again and pay attention to some detailed information and try to fill in the following table. Give them two or more minutes to read the table first and keep it in mind. Later while checking the answers teacher can ask them the following questions to help them. Of course teacher can add more. 1. What society does Lin Shuiqing belong to? 2. What does Lin Shuiqing started his speech by talking about? 3. What is happening to large amounts of fish?
4. What does Lin Shuiqing think we should teach people about? 5. Why does Qian Liwei think production should be not be cut back.? 6. What does Qian Liwei say we should produce more? 7. What does Qian Liwei say we need more of? 8. What does Qian Liwei say many people are willing to do?
Lin Shuiqing’s points Cut back on production because Industry industry produces waste, and pollutes the environment
Qian Liwei’s points A healthy environment and a stable economy should be possible at the same time
More people need more land to live People are more important than Population on and more food to eat Expend our recycling industry Recycling recycling materials ① cut back on production, ② recycle rubbish, ③ teach people about Solutions environmentally friendly ways of living ① recycle rubbish, ② effective laws, ③ control how many trees are cut down and how many fish boats can catch ④ Heavy taxes on the factories producing pollution. fish and trees Produce more things from
Step 4: Reading strategy: T: Tell them from the table above, they can see how the debate is organized. So in today’s reading strategy, they are going to learn how to read a debate. Let them go through the reading strategy on page 23 and at least make sure they understand the following rules: (1) In a debate, one side gets the opportunity to present their points first. The other side follows and presents theirs. (Lin Shuiqing and Qian Liwei)
(2) Speakers in a debate will represent opposite views on the subject being discussed. (the environment versus the economy) (3) While reading or listening to a debate, remember that each speaker’s speech is meant to convince you. (which to choose) Step 5: Discussion T: Tell them they have learned the debate about the economy and the environment. They have learned much detailed information about the problems caused by the development of economy and some advice on how to solve them. So, finally let them discuss the following questions. Let them do it in pairs. ? In your daily life, where have you seen pollution? How did it make you feel? ? Who should be responsible for this? ? What do you think is the biggest danger to our environment today? ? What can you do to help clean up the environment? (T can show them a sample discussion first. After a while let some pairs to present their opinions and tell them the earth is our only home. To damage the earth is to kill ourselves. Make them aware of their responsibility to polluting the environment) Step 7: Summary and homework T: Tell them in this period they’ve learnt something about the relationship between economy and environment. Tot protect the earth is to protect ourselves. Ask them to go through the passage again and tick out the important and useful phrases and sentence structures after class. Meanwhile, complete the left exercised in the post reading.