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总复习 七选五专项训练


七选五的解题技巧
该题型主要考查考生对文章的整体内容和结构以及上下文逻辑意义的理解,文章一 般在 300 词左右,体裁多以说明文、议论文、夹叙夹议文为主。该题型实行差额选项, 即从七个选项中选出五个符合文章结构及逻辑意义的选项。 从题型和内容可看出, 选项可分为.a.主旨概括句 (文章整体内容) 、 b.过渡性句子 (文 章结构)c.注释性句子(上下文逻辑意义)三类。

一、解题步骤: 1. 通读全文,了解大意 用跳读、略读等快速阅读全文,了解其大意及框架,阅读时应注意段首句和段尾句。 2. 详读段落与选项,找关键词 在读段落与选项时,应划出些关键词,尤注意表转折、递进、承接关系的连词。 3. 定位选项,逐句填空 选择选项时,要联系上下文,紧扣前后逻辑,先易后难,逐句填空。 4. 通读全文,验证复查 题做完后,全文大意清晰明了,验证复查是关键,应做到通读复检。 二、解题方法 1. 从意思上判断 做题时需读懂空白处前后的句子,再根据上下语境的连贯性或逻辑性从选项中选,如: If he wants to have a toy, give him the money and let him hand the money to the cashier. __1__When your child grows a bit older and understands the basic function of money, you can start explaining more complex ways of using money. ... F. Talk about how the money bought the thing after you leave the toy store. 2. 从词汇上判断 运用上下文重复的关键词(同义词、近义词或反义词) 判断。如: You can show your child how to make choices between different brands of a product so that you can save money. 2 If he chooses the cheaper brand, allow him to make another purchase with the money saved.... C. Permit the child to choose between them.... 3. 从关联词上判断 文章和选项中常出现表示转折、平列、承接、层递、因果等关系的关联词在选择答案 时是非常重要的线索。 1.)并列与递进关系:and, or, also, neither...nor..., either...or...,likewise, similarly, equally, in the same way, that is to say ,as well as, the same...as, besides,additionally, furthermore, moreover, in addition to ,what is more... 2.) 因果关系: because, for, since, as, thus, hence, therefore, so, so...that, consequently, accordingly, due to, thanks to, as a result, because of, in that, for this reason, of course... 3.)转折与让步关系:but, however, yet, on the contrary, by contrast, on the other hand, unfortunately, while, whereas, unlike, rather than, instead of, it is true that, of course,although, though, even though, even if, nevertheless, despite, in spite of... 4.)时间关系:afterwards, at first, at last, finally, first, firstly, in the first place, to start with, to begin with, in the mean time, last, later, next, second, secondly, then, third, thirdly 及一些具 体的时间。 4. 从设题位置上判断
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1)问题设于段首 问题设于段首的,多为主题句,下文一般是对这一主题句的阐述,如果阐述的是事 件、事例、人物、地点等,要注意他们的共性,用归纳法得出结论。如: 3 You should all sit down somewhere together with lots of pieces of paper and write down every name you can think up. That will keep you busy for ages.... F.Then you need to pick a name for your club. 2)问题设于段尾(一般有三种情况:) a.答案选项为概括性结论 通常要仔细阅读空白前的一句或两句,才能确定选项。连接词有:in a word, in brief, in short, in conclusion, as a result, therefore, so, thus, to sum up 等。如: …A large number of workers may find themselves without jobs if a car factory closes down.__4__... A. Thus the problem of air pollution would become less important than that of unemployment.... b.答案选项为转折性结论 要注意文章中或选项中表转折关系的信号词,这类词表下文与前文意思相反,为转折 性结论。如: You might want to start by preventing your teen from driving with their friends, and then loosen the restriction as your teen gains experience. __5__... F. But remember: the more teen passengers in the car, the greater the crash risk. c.答案选项为承上启下的句子 如在选项中找不出与前文关联的句子,则要考虑与下一段的开头一句或几句有紧密衔 接关系的句子,反复推敲,从而确定答案。如: …And the WHO found that being on the road or in a car is dangerous for children anywhere in the world.__6__In Asia, deaths are most often caused by two-wheeled motorized vehicles... A. It is much more serious in developing countries.... 3)问题设于段落中 问题设于段落中,选项内容一般是阐述性句子、事例、事实细节或推理等。 Try this ---- hold your pencil at the top and try to write your name. Pretty hard? But when you hold your pencil the correct way, writing is much easier. __7__ Hold it in place with your thumb, and your index(食指) and middle fingers. ... G. The best way to hold a pen or pencil is to let it rest next to the base of your thumb. 5. 根据文章类型判断 七选五文章类型多为有标题和无标题两种类型,个别省份采用对话类型。现谈谈标 题型的解题方法—如何选择标题。标题型的文章因为设有小标题,文章结构明显、思路 清晰。标题就是段落的主旨大意,段与段之间的大意处于平行关系(除中心段) ,每一 个段落就是一个独立的意群,易于把握句与句之间的逻辑关系。 例题具体步骤参考: 1 You don’t show your secret personality when you are awake because you can control your behavior, but when you are asleep, your sleeping position shows the real you. 2 The important position is the one that you go to sleep in. If you go to sleep on your back, you’re a very open person.You normally trust people and you are easily influenced by fashion or new ideas. You don’t like to displease people. So you never express your real feelings. 3
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If you sleep on your stomach, you are a rather secretive person. You worry a lot and you’re always easily upset. You always stick to your own opinions or judgment, but you aren’t very ambitious(上进心). 4 .This means that you enjoy having a good time. If you sleep curled up, you are probably a very nervous person. You have a low opinion of yourself and so you’re often delusive. You’re shy and you don’t normally like meeting people. You prefer to on your own, You’re easily hurt. If you sleep on your side. yon have usually got a well-balanced personality. 5 You’re usually careful. You believe in yourself. Yon sometimes feel anxious, but you don’t often get sad. You always say what you think even if it makes people rather angry. A. You’re quite shy and you aren’t quite sure of yourself. B. You know your strengths and weakness. C. Normally people seldom change their sleeping position. D. Everyone has got two personalities-the one that is shown to the world and the other that is secret and real. E. Maybe you don’t want to make friends with a person who sleeps curled up. F. You usually live for today not tomorrow. G. In a normal night, of course, people frequently change their positions. 按解题步骤参考: 1.标记空前后句中的关键词 本文主要讨论各种睡眠姿势反映出的各种性格。各个空前后句的关键词标记如: a.空后:名词词组 secret personality , don’t show b.空前 position 空后 important ,position, the one 等。 c.关键词:never express your real feelings. d.关键词:aren’t very ambitious(上进心)。空后,you enjoy having a good time. e.空前句中的关键词:well-balanced ,空后为 careful. 2.标记选项中的关键词 a. shy, aren’t quite sure 表空的前一句可能提到过一种不敢干什么。 b. know your strengths and weakness 表一个人性格是好的,优缺点都知道且能调控。 c. seldom change their sleeping position 表前后句可能提到数字,且是很少的。 d. two personalities, shown secret e. don’t want to make friends, sleeps curled up.前或后定提到蜷身子睡觉人的各种个性。 f. live for today not tomorrow 活在当下,没抱负。 g. frequently change their positions. 3.比较两类关键词 将 7 个选项的关键词与 5 个空的前后句中的关键词进行比较,得出:1 与 D、2 与 G、 3 与 A、4 与 F、 5 与 B。 4.代入原文 将确定的选项代入原文,发现意义上与逻辑上都通顺,因此为正确答案。 跟踪练习 A My mother is a diligent and kind woman. She is very busy from morning till night. As a teacher, she works hard. 1 Both my brother and I love her dearly as she loves us. My mother has been teaching math at a middle school in my hometown. She goes to work early in the morning and does not return home until late in the afternoon. 2 She
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treats them with patience and teaches them well. For her excellent quality and very good teaching results, she has been elected as a model teacher several times. 3 Every day, when she comes back home from work, she sets about doing housework, sweeping the living room and bedrooms or cleaning the furniture, and putting everything in good order. She seems to be busy all the time. As she has been very busy working every day, she looks older than her age. But she looks as cheerful and happy as ever. Mother never buys expensive dresses for herself, but she often buys some inexpensive but high quality clothes for us. 4 She just eats a plain meal outside when she is too busy to cook herself. She lives a busy yet simple life, without any complaints. Often she says to us, “work while you work, and play while you play. That is the way to be happy and gay. “If you do not work, you will become lazy and be of no use to society”. What a piece of good advice this is! 5 This advice of hers will always serve as a guide to my behavior. My mother is great indeed, and I always feel proud of her. A. She enjoys listening to classic music. B. As a mother, she takes good care of us and gives us every comfort. C. She loves her students and cares for them. D. She never goes to expensive restaurants to enjoy meals. E. My mother is hard-working and never wastes money. F. I never forget it and always bear it in my mind. G. Can you tell us something about your mother? B 1 One of the best things you can possibly do is to start you own club. It’s great fun especially if you are the sort of person who feels there’s never anything to do during the school holidays. The first thing you need to come up with is an idea for your club. 2 Pets, clothes, pop music or dancing groups, sports, making things? The list is endless. Next you need some friends to be in your club with you. 3 All you need is three or four other people who are interested in the same thing as you. 4 You should all sit down somewhere together with lots of pieces of paper and write down every name you can think up. That will keep you busy for ages. At your first meeting you should make up a rule book. And the first rule should be no grown-ups or little/big brothers or sisters! The best clubs are always secret! Now you have just about everything you need, except membership cards. These are very important and again you can speed a lot of time making them. 5 Why not leave some space for a photo of yourself? That will make the membership card really look like it. So there you are, get clubbing! Once you get started you’ll think of loads of more interesting things to do! A. That’s easy. B. Enjoy your own club! C. Invite a designer to join you. D. What are you interest in? E. Some vacation is just around the corner. F. Then you need to pick a name for your club. G. Use a bright thick pen to make a special design.
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