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高三英语基础知识整合信息


基础写作专题 2 整合信息
高考作文, 特别是基础写作, 提供的信息点多, 信息的方法非常重要。 但句数有限, 熟练掌握以下四种整合

第一招: 使用介词短语:用介词短语合并句子有两种情况我们常常可以用到:(1)介词短语作 定语, (2)介词短语作状语。 [典型例题] 用介词短语将下列句子合并成一句。 (1) Waste water is makin

g the river worse and worse. (2) The waste water is from a factory. (3) The factory lies on the river. _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ [课堂练习] 用介词短语合并每一组句子, 然后将这五组句子合并成一段五句话的连贯 的短文。 1. Xiaxi Town is not big but beautiful. It has an area of about 8 square kilometers. 2. There is an old tower there. The tower lies in the east of the town. There is a river behind the tower. 3. (此题用并列结构合并) The sun rising from the river was very beautiful. Yesterday we took a bus there to visit the tower. 4. We started early. We wanted to enjoy the sunrise on the top of the tower. 5. As soon as we got there, we began to take photos. _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ [课外作业] 用介词短语合并每一组句子, 然后将这五组句子合并成一段五句话的连贯的短 文。 1. A professor gave us a talk this morning. He came from Beijing University. He talked about how to learn English well. 2. He told us of his own interesting experiences of learning English. We laughed a lot. 3. His talk lasted an hour. He asked us some questions. 4. His talk was vivid and instructive. I learned a lot from his talk. 5. I went back home. I decided to work hard at English. _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________

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_______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ 第二招:使用非谓语动词 在写作中, 正确使用非谓语动词, 无疑为文章增色不少。非谓语动词包括不定式、现在 分词和过去分词。使用时应注意以下几点: (1) 不定式的动作发生在谓语动词之后(一般情况下, 尽量用不定式的主动式)。 (2)现在分词表主动, 该动作与谓语动词的动作同时发生或紧接着发生。 (3)过去分词表被动, 或表示该动词的动作在谓语动词的动作之前发生, 或没有时间性。 (4)现在分词的被动式表被动, 与谓语动词的动作同时发生。 [典型例题] 用非谓语动词将以下各组 句子分别合成一句话。 1. (1)He looked up. (2) He saw a bird in the tree. 用不定式合并:____________________________________________________________. 2. (1) I don’t like the man. (2) The man is wearing a pair of dark glasses. 用现在分词合并:___________________________________________________________ 3. (1) The temple is visited by thousands of people every year.(2) It was built 1, 000 years ago. 用过去分词合并: ________________________________________________________________ [课堂练习] 用非谓语动词合并每一组句子, 然后将这五组句子合并成一段五句话的连贯的短文。 1. I’m writing to you. I want to express my sincere thanks to Good Man. 2. Yesterday morning I was knocked down by a car. I was walking on the road at that time. 3. I was seriously injured. I couldn’t stand up. 4. A man saw what had happened to me. He stopped a taxi and sent me to a hospital. 5. I don’t know his name. I call him Good Man. _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ [课外作业] 用非谓语动词合并每一组句子, 然后将这五组句子合并成一段五句话的连 贯的短文。 1. On the morning of last Sunday I went to the park. I wanted to take a walk there. 2. After one hour’s walk, I got tired and sat down on a stone by the road. I wanted to have a rest. 3. Suddenly I saw an ant. She was trying hard to move another ant who was dead. 4. She failed many times. She managed to carry him away.

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5. I saw that little creatures also have sincere love as human beings. I was greatly moved. _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ 第三招:使用并列连词 在写作中, 我们运用并列连词合并句子是最常用的手段。常用的并列连词有 and, but, or, nor, so,yet,for, as well as, both...and, not only... but(also), either... or, neither...nor, (and) then, since 等。 [典型例句] 用并列连词合并下列各组句子。 1. (1) He is a friend in word. (2) He is a friend in deed; too. 用 as well as 合并:______________________________________________________________ 2. (1)I know her. (2)I am her best friend. 用 not only...but also 合并:________________________________________________________ [课堂练习] 用并列连词合并每一组句子, 然 后将这五组句子合并成一段五句话的连贯的短文。 1. Nowadays, a lot of attention is focused on education. The fact that many children from migrant workers’ families have dropped out of school is ignored. 2. These children are wandering in the streets and other public places. Some of them commit crimes, such as theft and robbery. 3. The government should be aware of the importance of providing education for all the children. The average people should be aware of the importance, too. 4. Children from native families can enjoy good education. I hope children from peasant workers’ families can also enjoy good education. 5. Children from peasant workers’ family are part of our society. They will also play an important role in building our country in the future. _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________

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[课外作业] 用并列连词合并每一组句子, 然后将这五组句子合并成一段五句话的连贯的短 文。 1. Today, two of my friends went fishing by bike. I also went fishing by bike. 2. We started off at 6: 00 We got to Longwang Lake at 6: 30. 3. It was a little hot. The fish didn’t seem to have a good appetite. I only got 10 fish during the day. 4. We had lunch in a little restaurant by the lake. We returned home at 5: 30 p.m. 5. Tired though I was, I felt happy. I thought it was one of my most meaningful days during the summer holidays. _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ 第四招:运用主从复合句 要使文章漂亮, 在写作中不可能不使用主从复合句, 最常用的从句是状语从句、主语从 句、表语从句、宾语从句和定语从句。 [典型例句] 1.(1) China is the third largest country in the world. (2)Everyone knows it. 用定语从句合并:_______________________________________________________________ 2. (1) It was raining hard. (2) We kept on working. 用状语从句合并: ________________________________________________________________ [课堂练习] 用主从复合句合并每一组句子, 然后将这五组句子合并成一段五句话的连贯的短文。 1. I live in a small town. It is about 20 kilometers away from the city. 2. In the past, we planted many trees here. Now, no trees can be seen except heavy smoke and dark rivers. 3. Ten years ago, many factories have been built. Heavy smoke and waste water from the factories are let into the sky and the rivers without anything done to them. 4. Some more factories are going to be set up. People told me that. 5. The government should take measures to stop the town from being further polluted. This is my opinion. _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________

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_______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ [课外作业] 用主从复合句合并每一组句子, 然后将这五组句子合并成一段五句话的连贯的 短文。 1. The drought is likely to continue till May and no substantial rainfall is expected ahead of the rainy season. The drought started from last autumn. 2. It has left 18 million residents and 11.7 million heads of livestock in the region with water shortages and caused direct economic loss of 23.7 billion yuan. Experts estimate. 3. The government would organize more than 1, 100 engineers and workers from across the country to dig wells in the country’s southwest. It is reported. 4. More than 1, 600 wells will be drilled. They will provide 200, 000 cubic meters of drinking water per day for 2 million people and 1 million heads of livestock. 5. 1, 400 of the wells are expected to finish digging by May 10. One of the engineers told me. _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ 四种方法综合运用: 一、合并句子 用以上四种手段合并下列各 组句子, 然后将这 5 组句子组成一篇通顺自然的短文。 1.A traffic accident happened at the crossroad of Yuanlin Road, Yangguang Town. The accident happened at 9: 00 a.m. on February. 2. A taxi crashed into the left side of a truck. It caused one death and two injuries. 3. The truck driver was slightly injured. The taxi driver was killed and the passenger in the taxi was seriously injured. 4. “The taxi didn’t stop at the traffic lights. It went on running at a high speed when the red light was on.” said a witness. 5. The police want to know the real reason. The real reason is being investigated. _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________

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_______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ 二、翻译合并 1. 昨天, 我们在班里进行了一场讨论。 2. 我们讨论是否应该帮助那些困境中的人。 3. 我的一些同学说应该 4. 他们认为帮助他人是我们中华民族的传统美德。 5. 一些人认为帮助他人不是个好主意。 6. 现在的人忘恩负义。 7.我们可能受到我们想帮助的人的伤害。 8. 依我之见, 我们应伸出援助之手给那些需要帮助的人。 9. 人人能互相关心。 10. 这个世界会更美好。 _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________

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