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必修5 Module 1


必修5
Module 1 British and American English

【话题词汇】 1. dialect 2. vocabulary 3. nervous 4. frequent 5. gradually n. 方言 n. 词汇 adj. 焦虑的, 紧张的 adj. 频繁的 adv. 逐渐地

6. commun

icate
7. express

vt. 交际; 交流
vt. 表达

8. practise 9. memorize 10. master 11. benefit from

vt. 练习 vt. 记忆, 背诵 vt. 掌握 从??中获益

12. cultural differences 文化差异 13. adapt to 适应??

14. be used to doing sth.
习惯于做某事 15. form a habit 16. insist on 养成一个习惯 坚持

【经典语篇】
(2012· 四川高考 )假如你是大学一年级新生李华。开学之

初, 你的英语老师Ms Li希望了解每位同学的英语学习情况, 并
征求教学建议。请按以下要点用英语给她写一封信。 1. 对英语学习的认识; 2. 自己目前的英语水平; 3. 自己英语学习存在的主要问题; 4. 对英语教学的两点建议。

Dear Ms Li,
[客套寒暄]I’m very happy to have you as our English teacher. [对英语的认识]As the world is becoming a global village, ①English is getting more and more important, so mastering English means we can see the world through a new window. [目前水平及存在问题]My English is just OK and the

two main problems in my study are that ②I feel it difficult to
learn words by heart, and that I often feel nervous when speaking English.

[两点建议]I really hope that you can give me some good
advice on how to memorize new words. Another suggestion is

to give us more chances to practise speaking. ③I believe we
can make much progress in English with your help. Thank you! Li Hua

【厚积薄发】

Ⅰ. 完成句子
(1)养成一个经常说英语的习惯非常重要。

form a habit speaking English _________. frequently It is important to ___________of
(2)你会逐渐适应文化差异。 adapt to cultural differences You will gradually ________some _________________.

Ⅱ. 句子仿写 (1)根据①句:你需要掌握越来越多的词汇。 You need to master more and more vocabulary. _________________________________________ (2)根据②句:我觉得坚持练习说英语很有必要。

I feel it necessary to keep practising speaking English. ______________________________________________ (3)将③句中的画线部分改为双重否定句。
Without your help, we couldn’t make much progress in English. _______________________________________________________

Ⅰ. 单词?分类记忆 【核心单词】不可不记 compare vt. ) 1. ________( 比较 present vt. ) 2. _______( 陈述; 提出(观点、计划等) attempt n. ) 3. _______( 努力; 尝试 confusing adj. )令人困惑的; 难懂的→_______( confuse v. )使困惑; 4. _________( confused adj. )困惑的, 不解的 使迷惑不解→________( differ vi. )不同, 有区别→_________( difference n. )区别; 差异→ 5. _____(

different adj. )不同的 ________( add vt. )加; 增加→________( addition n. )增加 6. ____(

【高频单词】不可不知 distinctive adj. ) 7. _________( criticise vt. ) 8. _______( standard adj. ) 9. ________( 与众不同的 批评 标准的

obvious adj. )显然的, 显而易见的→_________( obviously adv. )显然地 10. _______(

variety n. )种类→_______( various adj. )各种各样的→____( vary v. )改变; 11. _______( 变化
remark n. )评论; 讲话→___________( remarkable adj. )显著的; 非凡的 12. _______(

steadily adv. )不断地; 持续地→______( steady adj. )持续的, 逐渐 13. _______( 的; 稳定的, 牢固的 announcement n. )声明; 宣告→_________( announce v. )声明; 宣告 14. _____________( simplify vt. )简化→______( simple adj. )简单的 15. _______( reference n. )参考; 查阅→_____( refer v. )查阅; 提到; 涉及(to) 16. ________(

Ⅱ. 短语?双语互译
1. 有相同的特点 2. 有影响, 使不相同 3. 四处走动(旅行) 4. 与??相似 5. 做某事有困难 6. lead to have. . . in common _________________ make a difference ________________ get around __________ be similar to ___________ have difficulty(in)doing sth. ________________________ 引起; 导致 __________ 同意; 支持 __________

7. in favour of

8. refer to. . . as. . .
9. thanks to

称??为?? _____________
幸亏, 多亏 __________ 学会; 拾起; 收听(广播); 接人 _________________________

10. pick up

语境取词——选用上面的单词或短语填空 remarks (评论,讲话) suggested that his _______ attempt (尝 ①His ________

simplify (简化) the _________ confusing (难懂的) plan had been 试) to _______ criticised (批评). ________
announces (声明) that he isn’t ___________( in favour of 支持) only ②He __________ adding (接着说) that we using one language in the meeting, ______ have difficulty in 做某事有困难)finding a _______ variety (种类) of _______________( differences (区别) in ________ different (不同的) languages, but if we __________ have a lot in compare (比较) them, we will find they still_____________ ________ common (有很多相同的特点). ________

Ⅲ. 句型?超级仿写 1. 特殊疑问词+ do you think +其他? Which do you think 你认为哪一些) are funny? _________________( 【仿写】你认为我们应选哪一个? Which one do you think we should choose? _____________________________________

2. while“而,然而”

while for the British 然而对于英 Americans use a flashlight, __________________(
国人来说), it’s a torch.

【仿写】有些人浪费粮食,而有些人却吃不饱。
while others don’t have enough Some people waste food ___________________________.

3. make it+adj. + for sb. to do sth. made it This non-stop communication, the experts think, has _______ easier for British people and Americans to understand each ___________________________________________________ other (使英国人和美国人相互理解起来更加容易). _____ 【仿写】王亚平的授课使得我们理解这些物理定律更容易了。

makes it easier for us to understand Wang Yaping’s lecture _______________________________ the laws of physics.

4. 动词-ing形式作结果状语 making it By the 1850s it was selling one million copies a year, _________ one of the most popular school books ever 使得它成为有史以 ____________________________________( 来最受欢迎的学校用书之一).

【仿写】公共汽车被暴风雪阻碍,因而耽误了。 causing the delay The bus was stopped by the snowstorm, thus _______________.

【重点单词】 1. compare v. 比较;匹敌;比喻;相比 n. 比较 【填一填?激活思维】用适当的介词填空。 with/to his, you’ll find hers is ①If you compare her work _______

much better. 要是你把他俩的工作比较一下,就会发现她的
好得多。 to death. 诗人把睡眠比作死亡。 ②Poets have compared sleep __

【记一记?构建知识】

compare. . . with/to. . .
compare. . . to. . .

把??和??相比较
把??比作??

compared with/to. . .
compare notes

和??相比(通常作状语)
交换意见

beyond/without compare 无与伦比

*Compared with/to you, we still have a long way to go.
和你比起来,我们还有很大差距。

【看一看?巧学助记】比较compare

2. differ vi. 不同,有区别;相异;意见不同
【填一填?激活思维】一句多译。

英式英语和美式英语在很多方面有区别。
different _____ from American English in many ①British English is ________ ways. differs _____ from American English in many ②British English ______ ways. differ in many ways. ③British English and American English _____

differences ________ between British English ____ and American ④There are __________ English.

【记一记?构建知识】 (1)differ in differ from 在??方面不同 与??不同

differ with sb. about/on sth. 关于某事与某人意见不同

(2)difference make a difference

n.不同;区别 有影响;重要,要紧

tell the difference between. . . and. . .
分辨??与??的不同

(3)different
be different from be different in

adj. 不同的;相异的
与??不同 在??方面不同

*Singapore differs from China in social system.

新加坡在社会体系方面不同于中国。
*One false step will make a great difference. 失之毫厘,谬以千里。

3. present vt. 陈述;提出(观点、计划等);赠送;颁发 adj. 出席的;在场的;现在的 n. 礼物;赠品;现在

【填一填?激活思维】一句多译。 presented the gold medal __ to Sun Yang at the ①An official _________ 30th Olympics. presented Sun Yang ____ with the gold medal at the =An official _________

30th Olympics.
一名官员在第30届奥运会上向孙杨颁发了金牌。

present situation. ②We must adapt to the _______
我们必须适应当前的形势。

【记一记?构建知识】 present sb. with sth. present sth. to sb. be present at at present 向某人赠送某物 出席 目前,现在

for the present

眼前;暂时

*We will give a present to every guest present. 我们会给每一位到场的客人一件礼物。

【悟一悟?参透误区】

present表示“出席,到场”之意时,作后置定语或表语;
表示“现在的,目前的”时, 作前置定语。

【看一看?巧学助记】情景记忆present

An expert present at the meeting presented me with a book on present financial crisis as a present. 出席会议的一位专家送给 我一本关于当前金融危机的书作为礼物。

4. attempt n. 努力;尝试;企图
vt. 试图;企图

【填一填?激活思维】句型转换。
①The boy attempted to jump over the fences. at ________ jumping over the fences. =The boy attempted __ 男孩企图跳过篱笆。 ②He attempted at passing the exam, but he failed in the end. made ___ an _______ attempt at passing the exam, but he failed in =He _____ the end.

他努力要通过考试,但是最终失败了。

【记一记?构建知识】

attempt to do/at doing sth.
make an attempt to do/at doing sth.

试图做某事

at one’s first attempt
attempted

某人第一次尝试
adj. 未遂的

*(2013· 广东高考)We all have the power to use our fantasies to attempt things we never thought possible. 我们都有能力利用

想象力去尝试一些我们过去认为不可能的事情。
*The young man is being questioned by the court in relation

to the attempted murder at present.
目前这个年轻人因为和未遂的谋杀案有关正在法院接受调查。

【拓展延伸】表示“尝试”的表达方式 常指一次而不是连续的尝试, 往往暗示这种尝试 达不到目的, 常包含“冒险”的意义 指为成功做某事而付出努力或花费一定代价。 try 后接不定式时, 表示“尽力做某事”; 后接动名

attempt

词时, 表示“试着做某事”
manage 指(成功地)做成(某事), 强调结果

*Mary attempted/tried to work out the maths problem alone, but failed. She didn’t lose heart, and tried again. At last, she managed to solve the problem.

【核心短语】 5. have. . . in common有相同的特点

【填一填?激活思维】
have _______ nothing __ in ________ common with each other. ①They _____

他们彼此没有一点共同之处。 In ________ common ____ with most boys, he enjoys playing football. ②__
和大多数男孩一样,他喜欢踢足球。

【记一记?构建知识】 have a lot/much/a great deal in common with. . . 与??有很多共同之处 have nothing/little in common with. . . 与??没有/几乎没有共同之处 in common with. . . 与??一样

6. have difficulty (in) doing sth. 做某事有困难 【填一填?激活思维】 have ________ difficulty ____ (in) ______ paying ________ attention __ to ①Some students _____ their study. 有些学生很难集中精力学习。 persuading ②You can’t imagine the difficulty we have ever had __________ them 你想象不到我们说服他们所遇到的困难。 _____.

【记一记?构建知识】 “做某事(没)有困难”的其他表达方式: have (no) difficulty/trouble with sth. have (no) trouble/problems (in) doing sth. have a hard time (in) doing sth.

there’s (no) difficulty/trouble (in) doing sth. /with sth.

【悟一悟?参透误区】 此短语在设题时经常将have difficulty (in) doing sth. 中 的difficulty提前作先行词,因此定语从句中have后常为doing 形式。

7. lead to引起;导致;通往 【填一填?激活思维】 lead __ to your failure. ①A lack of confidence can ____ 缺乏自信有可能导致你的失败。

leads __ to the small village. ②This path _____
这条路通向那个小村庄。

【记一记?构建知识】

lead sb. to+n.
lead sb. to do sth.

带领某人前往某处;使某人得出(观点)
使得某人做某事

lead a. . . life

过??的生活

*The evidence led us to a different conclusion.

这个证据使我们得出一个不同的结论。
*What led the boy to commit a crime? 什么使得男孩犯下了罪行呢?

8. in favour of同意;支持 【填一填?激活思维】 in ______ favour __ of the scheme. ①Personally speaking, I’m __ 就个人而言,我赞成这个计划。 do ___ me __ a ______ favour and tell me when to get off? ②Could you ___ 你能帮我一个忙告诉我什么时候下车吗?

【记一记?构建知识】

in one’s favour
do sb. a favour =do a favour for sb. ask sb. a favour

对某人有利
帮某人一个忙 请求某人帮忙

【拓展延伸】“ in + n. + of ”短语 in case of in memory of 如果,假使 纪念

in need of
in search of

需要
寻找

in honour of
in praise of in spite of in terms of

为表达敬意
赞扬 尽管,虽然 按照;从??方面来说

【经典句式】 9. By the 1850s it was selling one million copies a year, making it one of the most popular school books ever. 到19世纪50年代为止,该书以每年一百万册的速度销售,成 为有史以来最受欢迎的学校用书之一。

【填一填?激活思维】仿写句子。 leaving nothing valuable ①The fire lasted nearly a month, _____________________. 大火持续了将近一个月,没留下什么值钱的东西。

making him the best student the class. ②He works hard, _________________________in
他努力学习,成了班里最好的学生。

【记一记?构建知识】
(1)动词的-ing形式作结果状语,表示一种自然而然的结果。

(2)常置于句尾,其前用逗号隔开。

【辨一辨?明晰异同】动词的-ing 动词的-ing 形式 不定式 作结果状语表示正常出现的、自然而然的 或意料之中的结果 作结果状语表示偶然的、出乎意料的结果,

前面可加only

*Yesterday a street-beggar bought a lottery ticket, only to make him a millionaire overnight. 昨天一个街头乞丐买了一 张彩票, 结果使他一夜间成了一个百万富翁。

【要点拾遗】
confusing adj. 令人困惑的;难懂的 【填一填?激活思维】用confuse的适当形式填空。 ①(2012· 广东高考)However, some people argue that rules confusing may be _________. 然而,一些人认为规章制度也可能是令人困惑的。

confused ②The question is so hard, and we’re getting ________. 这个问题太难,我们感到困惑。

【记一记?构建知识】 (1)confuse confuse A with B vt. 使困惑;使难以理解 把A和B混淆

(2)confused
be confused about be confused by (3)confusion in confusion

adj. 感到迷惑的;感到难懂的
对??感到困惑 被??搞糊涂了 n. 困惑;混乱;混淆 困惑地;困窘地

*I always confuse him with his twin brother, because they are so alike. 我总是把他和他的双胞胎哥哥弄混,因为他们太像

了。
*Looking at his confused expression, I decided to explain it to him again. 看着他困惑的表情,我决定再次给他解释一遍。

【悟一悟?参透误区】

以-ing结尾的形容词一般修饰事物,而以-ed结尾的形容
词 一 般 修 饰 人 , 但 有 时 可 用 以 -ed 结 尾 的 形 容 词 修 饰 look/expression/tears。例如:excited tears (激动的泪水)。

【看一看?巧学助记】
These signs are so confusing that I often get confused about them. 这些符号如此难懂,以至于我常对它们感到困惑。


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