选修九 Module Five The First Americans 辅导 Language Points
1. colony: n.殖民地 colonial: adj. 殖民的 colonialism: n. 殖民主义 colonize: v. 在..建立殖民地 colonization: n. 殖民 2. may +have +过去分词:表示对过去的事
作推测”可能做了某事” e.g. heng He may have been the first foreign to visit America. 3. on the map:在地图上 in the paper:在报纸上 4.engage sb.to do sth.: 聘请某人做某事 be engaged:订婚 5. inhabit v. 居住 inhabitation: n. 居住 inhabitant: n.居民 6. prefer---preferred--- preferred---preferring 喜欢 1) prefer + n. 喜欢…. Which do you prefer, rice or bread? 2) prefer to do sth. 喜欢做… refer to have some Chinese food. prefer not to have some Chinese food. 3) prefer sb. to do sth. 喜欢某人做…prefer him to study English. I prefer him not to study English. 4) prefer doing sth. 喜欢做… prefer going swimming. 5) prefer doing sth. to doing sth. 喜欢做 … 而不喜欢做 … playing outsides to watching TV. 6) prefer to do rather than do 宁愿做…二不愿做… = would rather do than do = would do rather than do. 7. eventually = at last 最终,最后 8. Zheng He was originally supported by Emperor Chengzu, whose name was Zhu Di. whose name was …. 定语从句 whose 表示所属,也可以将 whose 引导的定语从 句转换成介词 of 加关系代词.即: whose name…= of whom the name = the name of whom e.g. Look at the house whose windows face south =Look at the house of which the windows face south. = Look at the house the window of which face south. 9. make sure: 确信,弄清楚 make sure of….. e.g. Make sure of the time and place. 弄清楚时间和地点。 make sure that….: e.g. She made sure that she had turned off the gas. 他确保已经 关上煤气了. be sure 1) be sure of…:主语是人, 有把握, 一定 He is sure of success. 2) be sure to do sth. : 一定会… You are sure to succeed. 3) be sure that: 确信 He is sure that he will succeed. 10.oppose = be opposed to = object to : 反对 e.g. Tom opposed the plan / Tom was opposed to the plan. / Tom objected to the plan. 注意: to 是介词。 以下短语中 to 均为介词.look forward to, pay attention to, stick to, devote to, lead to, listen to, get down to, get used to….. 11. immigrate v. (从外国)移入 --- immigration n. 移民入境 ---immigrant n. 外来移民
【拓展】: emigrate v. 移出(移居外国) –emigration n.移民处境 – emigrant n. 移民 12. be eager to do sth. = be dying to do sth.: 渴望做… 【拓展】be starved for / starve for /starve to do / be desperate for… 13. pursue : 1) 追捕 e.g. pursue an escaped prisoner: 追捕逃犯 2) 追求 e.g. pursue the opportunity: 追求机遇 14. await vt. 等候,期待(较正式用语) wait for… 15. in search of : 寻找 16. strike it rich : 暴富, 发达 strike it lucky: 交好运 17. credit : 认为是… 的功劳, 把…归功于 credit A with B / credit B to A e.g. 1) Credit the success to the Party’s leadership 把成就归功于党的领导 2) He was credited with some achievement. 他被认为取得了一些成绩 18. when 1) 既然 How can you expect to learn anything _______ you never listen? A. in case B. even if C. unless D. when 2)宾语从句 As soon as he comes back, I will tell him when _____ and see him. A. you will come B. will you come C. you come D. do you come 3)表语从句 ---- I rang you at about nine, but there was no reply. ---- Oh, that was probably _______ I was seeing the doctor. A. why B. when C. what D. that 4) 主语从句 When we will hold a meeting has not been decided. 5) 同位语从句 I have no idea when she will be back. 19. in the middle of the 19th century : 在 19 世纪中期 【拓展】in the early / late 19th century : 在 19 世纪早期/ 晚期 20. take up (1) 拿起, 提起 e.g. The carpets had to be taken up when the house was rewired. 这房子重新安装电线时,把地毯都掀起来了. (2)着手处理… 开始对…感兴趣 e.g. When did you take up football? (3) 继续 e.g. Let’s take up the text where we finished yesterday/ 我们从昨天停下的地方继续学课文. (4) 占(时间,场所等) e.g. The desk took up too much room. 21. be acquainted with : 与….相识 e.g. Being acquainted with many of the Indians and able to fluently speak their language, I was sent as interpreter.
22. remove …. from…: 从…. 中除去 23. refer to sb/sth as…:称某人/某物为…. 【拓展】refer to (1) 提到,说道 In his speech, he referred to your name several times. (2)查阅,求助于 Please refer to the notes after class if you want to know more. (3)与…有关 What I have to say refers to all of you. (4)refer to sb for information: 向某人打听消息 24. insist on doing sth:坚持要做某事 24. can (1) can 和 be able to 都可以表示有能力做某事,一般可以互换使用; can 有现在 时和过去时两种时态而 be able to 有更多的时态 He can / is able to drive a car. (2) 表示经过努力而成功的具体的一次动作,只能用 be able to. How much were you able to make in the market yesterday/ (3) 在肯定句中,can 表示理论上或逻辑上的可能性,而 may 则用于肯定句中表 示实际上的可能性. e.g. Mr. Smith is in poor health. He can be ill at any time. 史密斯先生健康状况不佳,他随时可能生病. Mr. Smith looks pale. He may be ill. 史密斯先生脸色苍白,他可能生病了. 【拓展】 1) A wise man ______ sometimes make a mistake. A. may B. must C. would D. can 2) The fire spread through the hotel very quickly, but everyone _______ get out. A. had to B. would C. could D. was able to