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2014版英语复习方略课件(人教版通用):必修1 Unit 4 Earthquakes


Unit 4 Earthquakes

【诵读·积累】 (2011· 福建高考)为纪念汶川大地

震三周年, 某英文报发起关于灾区新貌
的征文活动。请根据图片提示, 以“Great Changes”为题, 用英语写一篇短文应征。 内容要点如下: 1. 某中学灾后三年来的变化, 如教学与活动场所, 以及师生精

>神面貌等;
2. 发生变化的原因; 3. 你的感想。

Great Changes I am deeply impressed by the great changes that have taken place in the school over the past three years. ①On May 12, 2008, a severe earthquake destroyed almost everything in the school. It is now, however, taking on a new look. Tall buildings have been put up, including classrooms

and laboratory buildings, and a library. There is also a newlybuilt standard playground. In the new environment, teachers and students are living happily and working hard. ②It is

really amazing that the once-ruined place has now been turned into a beautiful school, full of life. ③Obviously, without the help of the whole society, there would be no new school today. It is love and concern that have brought about the great changes. We can work wonders if we unite as a family, caring for each other and helping those in

need. Union is strength.

【尝试运用】 词汇翻译 呈现新面貌

take on a new look ________________
put up ______ newly-built __________ once-ruined ___________

搭造;建起
新建的 一度成为废墟的

充满生机 引发;带来 创造奇迹 相互关心 句型改写 (1)用witness改写句①

full of life _________ bring about ___________ work wonders _____________ care for each other _________________

May 12, 2008 witnessed a severe earthquake, destroying ________________________________________________ almost everything in the school. ___________________________

(2)用amazingly改写句②
Amazingly, the once-ruined place has now been turned into a _____________________________________________________ beautiful school, full of life. ________________________ (3)用It is obvious改写句③ It is obvious that without the help of the whole society, there ____________________________________________________ would be no new school today. __________________________

Ⅰ. 单词盘点 核心速记

burst (vi. ) 1. _____
(n . ) event (n. ) 2. _____ ruin (n. ) 3. ____

爆裂;爆发 突然破裂;爆发

事件;大事
废墟;毁灭

(vt. )

毁灭;使破产

extreme (adj. ) 4. _______ destroy (vt. ) 5. _______ shock (vt. &vi. ) 6. _____ (n . ) rescue (n. &vt. ) 7. ______ trap (vt. ) 8. ____ (n . ) disaster (n. ) 9. _______

极度的
破坏;毁坏;消灭

(使)震惊;震动
休克;打击;震惊 援救;营救 使陷入困境 陷阱;困境 灾难;灾祸

bury vt. ) 10. _____( shelter (n. ) 11. ______ damage (n. &vt. ) 12. _______ judge (n. ) 13. _____ (vt. ) express (vt. ) 14. _______ (n. )

埋葬;掩埋;隐藏
掩蔽;掩蔽处;避身处

损失;损害
裁判员;法官 断定;判断;判决 表示;表达 快车, 速递

联想串记 injury n. ) 伤害;损害→ injure (vt. ) 损害;伤害→______( 15. ______ injured (adj. )受伤的 _______

electricity (n. ) 电;电流;电学→_______ electric (adj. )用电的; 16. _________
electrical (adj. )与电有关的;电学的 带电的→________ frighten vt. ) 使惊吓;吓唬→_________ frightened (adj. ) 受惊的;受 17. _______( frightening adj. )令人恐惧的 恐吓的→__________( congratulation (n. ) 祝贺;(复数)贺词→___________ congratulate (vt. ) 18. _____________ 祝贺

Ⅱ. 短语互译
1. 轻视;认为??没价值 think little of ____________ as if ____ dig out ______ raise money ___________

2. 仿佛;好像
3. 掘出;发现 4. 集资;筹款;募捐

5. right away
6. at an end

立刻;马上 ___________ 结束;终结 ___________ 严重受损;破败不堪 ___________________ 许多;大量的 _____________ 在户外 _______ 作演讲 _______

7. in ruins
8. a (great) number of 9. in the open air 10. give a speech

Ⅲ. 句型透视

1. too. . . to. . . 太??以至于不能?? too In the farmyards, the chickens and even the pigs were ___
nervous to eat 太紧张而不敢吃东西). _____________( 2. It seems as if. . . 看起来好像??

It seemed as if 看起来好像)the world was at an end! _____________(

3. “leave+宾语+宾语补足语”的被动语态
were left Thousands of families were killed and many children ________ without parents 成了孤儿). ______________( 4. all. . . not. . . 并非所有的??都?? All hope was not 不是所有的希望)lost. _______________(

Ⅳ. 语篇完形 Before Tangshan earthquake, strange things happened. A smelly gas came out from the cracks of wells and animals 1. ______ nervous At 3: 42 am, everything began to shake. It became 2. _______.

an end. In fifteen seconds, a seemed as if the world was at 3. ___ ruins and the number of people 5. _______ injured large city lay in 4. _____,
or killed reached more than 400, 000. Water, food and off and the railway tracks were useless electricity were cut 6. ___

all hope was not lost. The soldiers were pieces of steel. But 7. ___ rescue workers. The trapped were dug out, sent to help the 8. ______ buried and the shelters were built. Slowly the the dead were 9. ______ breathe again. city began to 10. _______

1. 选用框中词汇的适当形式完成句子 bury;rescue;burst into;a great number of;at an end burst into (1)The police _________the room and took the young man away.

Buried in his study, he didn’t know that all the others had (2)______
left.

A great number of (3) ________________new factories have been set up in my
hometown. rescued five children from the burning house (4)The firemen _______ yesterday.

at an end (5)The war was finally ________and the peace came at last.

2. 选用句型透视中的句式仿写句子 (1)由于日程紧张(tight), 他一度因过度疲劳而不能继续工作。 Because of the tight schedule, he was once too tired to continue _____________________________________________________ his work. ________ (2)看来好像很快就要有一场大雨。 It seems as if there will be a heavy rain soon. ______________________________________ (3)你为什么让客人站在那儿? Why did you leave the guests standing there? _______________________________________

end短语 核 心 考 点 a number of as if

3年 1考 3年 1考 3年 6考

1. burst vi. 爆裂;爆发;突然闯入 n. 突然破裂;爆发

(1)burst in/into
burst out

闯入;突然破门而入
突然迸发;爆发 突然哭起来/笑起来 勃然大怒/乐不可支 一阵??

burst out crying/laughing
burst into tears/laughter burst with anger/joy (2)a burst of

①On hearing that he was elected to attend the conference, the street sweeper burst into laughter with joy. 当听说被选参加这次会议时, 这位街道清扫工高兴地笑了起来。

②Everyone was quiet when Jenny suddenly burst out crying.
大家都没出声, 珍妮突然大哭起来。

a _____ burst __ of laughter, Wang Xifeng _____ burst ____ into the ③With __ burst ____ with joy. room, whose flattering words made Mrs. Jia _____
随着一阵笑声, 王熙凤突然走进了房间。她的一席谄媚的话说得 贾母乐不可支。

【助记】

burst的多层含义

2. ruin n. [U]毁灭;毁坏;崩溃;[常用复数]废墟;遗迹 vt. (使)毁坏;毁灭;成为废墟;使破产 (1)lie/be in ruins come/go/fall to ruin 成为废墟 毁灭;灭亡;崩溃

bring . . . to ruin

使??毁灭;使??没落;
使??破产

(2)ruin oneself
ruin one’s pleasure/fame

毁掉自己;自取灭亡
毁坏某人的乐趣/声誉

①With time going on, the castle which once was very beautiful

is now completely in ruins.
随着岁月的流逝, 曾经非常漂亮的城堡现在是一片废墟。 ②The old farm has long been abandoned and come to ruin. 这家农场很早就已废弃了, 成了废墟。 ③The bad weather had ruined my pleasure for the holiday. 糟糕的天气毁掉了我度假的好心情。

【辨析】理解下列区别并选词填空
ruin 表示“毁灭, 毁坏”, 是指在一定过程中逐渐对 物体进行破坏, 使其毁灭。也可用于抽象意义

damage

表示“损害, 损坏”, 通常是指对物体的部分的 损害, 往往暗示损坏后价值、效率、功能可能降 低, 但这种破坏具有可修复性。 damage也可用 于指抽象意义。可用作动词或名词, 作名词时与 介词to搭配, 如cause damage to
表示“毁坏”, 通常指彻底毁掉或毁灭, 其功能 无法或难以修复, 也可用于损坏抽象的东西, 如 名誉、计划、契约等

destroy

damaged by the storm, ④Thousands of houses were seriously ________

and the repair work would last half a month.
destroyed in the sudden ⑤The whole city was completely _________ flood, leaving nothing to the native people. ⑥The constant rain in the north of China this summer has

ruined cash crops such as cotton and peppers. ______

3. bury vt. 掩埋;埋葬;使专心, 使沉浸;隐藏 (1)be buried in be buried in thought 埋头于;专心于 沉思

(2)bury oneself in study
bury one’s face in one’s hands

埋头研究;专心学习
双手掩面

①(2012· 湖北高考)The document was discovered buried in the university archives (档案). 这个文件被发现藏在大学的档案中。

②由于他埋头于书本, 他不知道外面下雨了。(一句多译) As ___ he ______ buried _______ himself __ in a. ___ As ___ he ____ was ______ buried __ in b. ___ Buried __ in c. ______ his books, he didn’t know it was raining outside.

【助记】

【想一想】表示“专注于某事”的动词短语还有哪些?
【参考答案】 be absorbed in, be devoted to, be lost in, focus on, concentrate on等。

4. at an end 结束;终结
① My holiday is at an end and I must go back to work

tomorrow.
我的假期结束了, 明天我得回去工作了。 ②Laura, with a sigh, had to admit that the romantic part of her first friendship was at an end. 劳拉叹了口气, 只得承认她的第一次友谊的浪漫阶段已结束。

【拓展】补全下列短语
at the end of __ by the end of ___ in the end __ come to an end _____ put/bring sth. to an end _________ meet make (both) ends _____

在??的尽头/末端(指时间 或空间) 到??时候为止 (常与完成 时态连用) 最后;终于

结束
结束?? 使收支相抵;量入为出

5. a (great) number of许多;大量的

①(2011· 广东高考)I observed a number of intelligent children
who were taken out of a special class and placed in a regular class. 我观察过许多被从特殊班选出来, 放进普通班的聪明的孩子。

【辨析】理解下列区别并选词填空 a number of, the number of 相同点

意为“若干, 许多”, 其后 a number 接名词复数。用作主语时, of 谓语动词一般用复数形式
the number of 意为“??的数量”, 其后 接名词的复数或具有复数意 义的名词。用作主语时, 谓 语动词一般要用单数形式 都可用large, small等修饰

a _______ number __ of college graduates are seeking to get a ②Now __ the _______ number __ of posts available for them is high-paid job. But ___ often not enough.

【想一想】还有哪些表示“许多, 若干”的短语, 它们修饰 的名词作主语时, 谓语动词用什么形式? 【参考答案】表示“许多, 若干”的短语的用法

a(great/good/ large) number of (1)修饰可数名词 a good/great many quite a few 谓语动词用复数

a good/great deal of (2)修饰不可数名词 谓语动词用单数

a large amount of
quite a little

a lot of/lots of

(3)修饰可数或 a(large) quantity of
不可数名词 (large)quantities of plenty of

quantities of后谓语动词用
复数形式;其他短语后谓语动 词用的形式取决于of后的名词

6. It seemed as if the world was at an end!

仿佛到了世界末日!
as if(=as though)在句中引导表语从句;也可以引导状语从句。

类 型

表语从句 状语从句 陈述语气

接在动词look, seem之后 接在常见的实义动词之后 所述的是真实的或极有可能发生 的 所述不真实或极少有可能发生 过去时(be动词用were) 过去完成时(had done) 过去将来时(would/could/might do)

从 句 语 气 时 态

虚拟语气 与现在事实相反 与过去事实相反

与将来事实相反

①It looks as if it isn’t clean enough to swim here. 看起来这儿的水好像不干净, 不宜游泳。 ②It seems as if he knew the secret. 他看上去好像知道这个秘密。

③(2011· 湖南高考)Jack wasn’t saying anything but the teacher
had _____ done (do) something very clever. smiled at him as if he ____ 杰克没说什么, 但是老师向他微笑, 好像他之前做的是明智之 举似的。

【高考链接】 (2012· 北京高考)Don’t handle the vase as if it ______ made of steel.

A. is

B. were

C. has been

D. had been

【解析】选B。考查虚拟语气。句意:不要把那个花瓶当作是 钢铁做的那样处理。as if引导的是状语从句, 从句中用虚拟语 气;与现在事实相反的虚拟语气, 应用一般过去时。在虚拟语 气中, 常用were代替was。

7. All hope was not lost. 不是所有的希望都破灭了。

(1) 当 not 与 all, both, complete, each, every, everyone,
everything, whole等具有全部意义的不定代词或形容词连用时, 无论not的位置如何, 皆表示不完全否定, 意为“并非都”。 (2)no, none, no one, neither, nothing, nowhere等表示完全否定。

①(2010· 天津高考)Nothing in my life impressed me so deeply

as my first visit to the Palace Museum.
我的一生中, 印象最深的就是第一次参观故宫博物馆。

②All my friends do not study well.
并不是我所有的朋友都学习好。

Not all my friends study well. /All my friends don’t study →_________________________________________________
well. 变为同义句) ____( None of my friends study well. 变为完全否定) →__________________________(

【高考链接】
(2010· 江西高考)Swimming is my favorite sport. There is _____ like swimming as a means of keeping fit. A. something C. nothing B. anything D. everything

【解析】选 C 。句意:游泳是我最喜欢的运动。作为保持健 康的方式, 没有什么能比得上游泳了。根据句意可知, 空格处

需要一个表示完全否定意义的词, 所以选用nothing。

【想一想】not除了和具有全部意义的一些不定代词或形容词

连用表示部分否定外, 还可以和哪些词连用表示部分否定?

【参考答案】表示部分否定的其他形式

not与always, altogether, completely, everywhere, entirely, totally,
wholly等具有总括意义的副词连用时, 皆表示部分否定。 A man of learning is not always a man of wisdom. 有学问的人并不一定都是有智慧的人。 It’s not altogether bad. 这并非完全不好。 I don’t wholly agree with him. 我并不完全同意他的看法。

注意:只要表示“全体”意义的词与否定词连用, 都表示部分否
定。

1. injure vt. 损害;伤害

(1)injured
the injured (2)injury

adj. 受伤的
伤员 n. 伤;伤口;伤害

do sb. an injury/do an injury to sb. 伤害某人

①(2011· 湖北高考) The young woman entered the pool where an injured dolphin (海豚) was swimming.

那位年轻妇女进入那个水池, 一头受伤的海豚正在水池里游动。
injured and he ②In that accident, most of the passengers got _______ injuries to arms and legs. Luckily, the _______ injured suffered serious _______ were sent to the hospital in time. 在那场事故中, 大部分乘客都受伤了, 他的胳膊和腿都受了重 伤。幸运的是, 伤者都被及时送往医院。

2. shock vt. & vi. (使)震惊;震动

n. 休克;打击;震惊
(1)be shocked to do sth. be shocked at. . . be shocked that. . . (2)shocking (3)a shock to. . . adj.令人吃惊的 一件让??吃惊的事情 做某事很震惊

对??感到震惊

①He was taken to hospital suffering from shock. 他因休克被送进医院。

shocked to see that the UFO was flying over the ②People were _______
shocking news _______ shocked all the people around, which city. The ________ shock to people all over the country. was also a great _____ 人们十分吃惊地发现不明飞行物在这座城市的上空飞行。这 个令人震惊的消息震动了周围的人们, 也震动了全国各地的 人们。

3. rescue n. &vt. 援救;营救 ①Tom rescued a boy from the river on his way home. 汤姆在回家的路上从河里把男孩救了起来。 ②The police came to his rescue and sent him home. 警察来救他, 并把他送回了家。 【归纳】填写适当的介词 from . . rescue. . . _____. to sb. ’s rescue come __

把??从??营救出来
(= rescue sb. )援救某人

4. express vt. 表示;表达 n. 快车;速递

①She expressed her satisfaction with the work.
对这项工作, 她表示满意。 ②Perhaps I have not expressed myself very well. 我大概未把自己的意思表达清楚。 【归纳】写出下列短语

express one’s satisfaction with __________________________
express oneself _____________

表达某人对??的满意 表达自己的思想

Ⅰ. 用所给词的适当形式填空 ruined 1.His family business was ______(ruin)in the Great Depression of the early 1930s. trapped 2. Many students are _______(trap) in the burning building. 3. After finishing my homework, I wandered into the dining buried (bury) under piles of law books. room where you were ______ damaged 4. This lock is ________(damage). This door will never open!

frightened 5. The man was too _________(frighten)to stand up. congratulations 6. We sent our ______________(congratulate)to her when she
passed the exam. judgment 7. In my _________(judge), it is a wise choice. sincerely 8. I wish you success in the future ________(sincere). express 9. I wish to _______(expression) my delight on this occasion. 10. The pleasant and charming environment of the city makes burst (burst)into it. many tourists _____

Ⅱ. 完成句子 at the end My uncle will go to China to visit the Great Wall _________ of this year (end) __________.

在今年年底, 我叔叔要去中国参观长城。 was rescued from 2. The mother, along with her two children, _______________ the sinking boat by a passing ship. (rescue v. )
妈妈和两个孩子被一艘过往船只从这艘正在下沉的船上救了出 来。

in the burning building they were eager to wait for 3. Trapped ____________________________, rescue. (trap) 他们困在燃烧的建筑物中, 焦急地等待救援。 a large/great 4. During the rush travel ahead of holidays, ___________ number of passengers ___________________waited to board trains at the Nanjing Railway Station. (number)

在假前的旅游高峰期, 很多的乘客在南京火车站等待上车。 and left/leaving much work 5. He left for the United States, ________________________ unfinished (leave) __________.
他动身去美国了, 留下了许多工作没有完成。

were 6. This autumn, a great number of crops in the area _____
damaged by the storm (damage) ____________________. 今年秋天这个地区的许多作物都被暴风雨毁坏了。 Judging by/from 7. _______________her last letter, they are having a wonderful time. (judge) 从她上封信看, 他们过得非常愉快。 to express our own ideas 8. In fact, we were not encouraged _____________________ freely in the past (express) _______________. 事实上, 在过去我们不被鼓励自由表达自己的想法。

he wanted us to leave 9. He was unhappy;it seemed as if ___________________.

(want)
他不太高兴, 好像要我们离开。 are not popular with people 10. All these TV programs ________________________. (popular) 这些电视节目并非全都受人们的欢迎。

Ⅲ. 话题写作

先将下面几个句子翻译成英语, 然后连成一篇小短文。
1. 一天夜里, 一切都开始摇晃起来。 2. 水管爆裂, 电力中断。 3. 世界似乎到了末日。 4. 有些人受伤, 有些人被埋在废墟下, 还有些人失踪。

5. 大量的被困群众等待着救援。
6. 并不是没有了希望。 7. 很快军队就被派来帮助他们。 _____________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________

【参考范文】

One night, everything began to shake, with the pipes burst
and the electricity cut off. It seemed as if the world was at an end. Some people were injured, some were buried in the ruins and some were missing. A number of trapped people waited for the rescue. All hope was not lost. The soldiers were soon sent to help them.


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