Unit 5 The power of nature
Ⅰ. 单词盘点 核心速记
volcano (n. ) 1. _______ alongside (adv. ) 2. _________ (prep. )
wave (n. ) 3. _____
potential (n. ) 4. ________ (adj. ) shoot (vt. ) 5. _____ diverse (adj. ) 6. _______ guarantee (vt. ) 7. _________
erupt (vi. ) (指火山)爆发；突然发生→________ eruption (n. )火山爆 8. _____
发；(战争等)爆发 appoint (vt. )任命；委派→___________ appointment (n. )约定；任命 9. _______ evaluate (vt. )评估；评价；估计→_________ evaluation (n. )评估 10. ________ absolute (adj. )绝对的；完全的→_________ absolutely 11. ________ (adv. )绝对地；
suit (n. )一套外衣；套装；(vt. )适合；使适宜→_______ suitable 12. ____
actual (adj. )实在的；实际的→_______ actually (adv. )实际地 13. ______
anxious (adj. )忧虑的；不安的→_________ anxiously (adv. )不安地 14. _______ anxiety (n. )担心；焦虑；渴望 →_______ panic (vi. & vt. )惊慌；(n. )惊慌；恐慌→________( panicked 过去式/ 15. _____ 过去分词) appreciation (n. )欣赏；感激；感谢→__________ appreciate (vt. )欣 16. ___________ 赏；感激
1. 有??天赋 have a gift for ____________ be appointed as ______________ burn to the ground _________________ make one’s way ______________ be anxious about _______________
3. 全部焚毁 4. 前往 5. 对??忧虑/不安
6. glance through 7. vary from. . . to. . .
生孩子；产仔 _____________ 被埋在废墟下 _____________ 适合?? _________
8. give birth to
9. be buried under the ruins 10. be suitable for
Ⅲ. 句型透视 1. 动词-ing形式的完成时态作状语 Having collected and evaluated the information 收集和评估完 _________________________________________( 这些信息之后), I help other scientists to predict where lava from the volcano will flow next and how fast. 2. be about to do. . . when. . . 刚要??这时?? was about to 刚要) go back to sleep _____ when (这时) suddenly I ___________( my bedroom became as bright as day.
3. 独立主格结构 The other two climbed down into the crater to collect some this being my first experience 这是我 lava for later study, but __________________________( 的第一次经历), I stayed at the top and watched them. 4. It is said that. . . 据说?? It is said that 据 说 ) this boy, who had a great gift for ____________( languages and persuasion, is the father of the Manchu people.
working for the Hawaiian Volcano I’m a volcanologist 1. ________ Observatory. The most important thing about my job is to help
protect 2. _______ people from one of the most powerful natural forces saved people by on earth－the volcano, and we have 3. _____ many warning them to leave their houses.
Unfortunately we cannot move their homes out of the way. 4. _____________,
that It was in the second week after I arrived in Hawaii 5. ____ I saw the first eruption. Having experienced quite a few notice at earthquakes in Hawaii already, I didn’t take much 6. ______ fountaining first. Then I saw the hot lava 7. __________ high into the air. eruption the other two scientists and I The day after this 8. ________, had a much closer look at it. But this being my first experience, I only stayed at the top and watched them.
Having studied volcanoes for many years, I am still
potential to amazed at their beauty as well as their 10. ________ 9. _______ cause great damage.
1. 用所给词的适当形式填空 appointment with his girlfriend (1)He had to cancel the ___________ appointed leader of the rescue team and because he was _________ requested to start at once. (appoint) evaluation of the (2)Someone told him his painting needed an _________ specialists, so he decided to go to town to have the painting
evaluated (evaluate) _________. suit ____ suits you well but it is not _______ suitable for this (3)The dark ____
anxious mother was asking about her lost child (4)The _______
anxiously Her _______ anxiety lasted a whole afternoon until she saw _________. her child at the police station. (anxious) appreciation to you all. What (5)I would like to express my ___________
appreciated (appreciate) you did should be highly ___________.
2. 选用句型透视中的句式仿写句子 (1)受到老师的批评后, 王明戒烟了。
Having been criticized by the teacher, Wang Ming gave up
smoking. (2)我正要上床睡觉, 这时电话响了。 I was about to go to bed when the telephone rang. (3)天气很好, 我们决定去野炊。 The weather being fine, we made up our minds to go for a picnic.
It is said that the film is fairly good.
anxious 核 心 考 点
1. appoint vt. 任命, 委派；指定；约定
(1)appoint sb. as/to be. . .
appoint sb. to do sth. appoint a time/place for (2)appointment
委派某人做某事 为??约定时间/地点 n. 任命；约会
make/have/fix an appointment with sb. 与某人预约 keep/break an appointment 守 / 违 (失 )约
①The time appointed for the meeting was 10: 30 am.
appointed ____ him __ as captain of the team. ②They _________
made ___ an ___________ appointment ____ with the manager ③(语境填词)Xiaoli _____ appointed time. Later, he was _________ appointed to and arrived at the _________ an important post. 小李和经理预约并在约定的时间到达。后来他被任命了一个 重要的职务。
2. suit n. 一套外衣；套装 vt. 适合；使适宜 (1)suit sth. to sth. 使某物适合于另一事物
(2)be suitable for sb. /sth.
be suitable to do sth.
①If you want to go by bus, that suits me fine. 要是你想坐公共汽车去, 那对我很合适。 suits his lessons __ to the age of his pupils. ②A good teacher ____ 一位优秀的老师应使他讲的课适合学生的年龄。
【辨析】理解下列区别并选词填空 suit match fit
多指大小、色调、形状、性质等方面的搭配 多指大小、形状合适, 引申为“吻合, 协调”
fits me well and its color 填空： The size of the shirt ___ matches my tie, so it ____ suits me fine. ________
3. anxious adj. 担心的, 忧虑的, 焦急的, 不安的 (1)be anxious about sth. be anxious for sth. be anxious to do be anxious that 为某事忧虑/担心 渴望某事 渴望做??, 急于做?? 渴望??
(2)with anxiety= anxiously 焦虑地；不安地
was _______ anxious __ to finish school and get a job. ①She ____
②I’m anxious about her safety. 我为她的安全担心。 ③We are waiting for the news with anxiety/anxiously. 我们在焦急地等待着消息。
4. panic n. 惊慌, 恐慌 vi. (十分)恐慌；惊慌 vt. 使恐慌 (panicked; panicked；panicking) (1)panic sb. into doing sth. 使某人因惊慌做某事
panic over/about/at. . .
(2)get into a panic
in a state of panic
①The gunfire panicked the horse. 炮火让马受惊了。 in _____ panic as the earth shook. ②All the people fled __ 当大地摇晃时, 所有的人都惊慌逃跑。 into __ a _____ panic when she thought she’d lost ③She really got ___ ____ her necklace. 想到自己把项链丢了, 她惊慌失措。
(2011· 湖北高考) “Tommy, run! Be quick! The house is on fire! ”
the mother shouted, with _____ clearly in her voice. A. anger B. rudeness C. regret D. panic
【解析】选D。考查名词词义辨析。句意：“汤米, 跑！快点！ 房子着火了! ”妈妈大喊道, 声音里明显带着恐慌。anger生气, 愤怒；rudeness粗鲁；regret遗憾, 后悔；panic恐慌, 惊恐。根 据句意选择D项。
5. guarantee vt. 保证；担保
n. 保证；保证书 (1)guarantee sb. sth. /guarantee sth. to sb. 向某人保证某事 guarantee to do sth. be guaranteed to do guarantee sth. (to be). . . 保证做某事 肯定会做??, 必定会做?? 保证某物是??
guarantee that. . .
(2)under guarantee give sb. a guarantee (that)
①Even if you complete your training, I can’t guarantee you a job.
② The plan would guarantee health care service to all Americans. 这项计划将保证所有美国人都能享受医疗保健服务。 ③Going out with friends is guaranteed to cheer you up. 和朋友一起出去玩肯定会让你高兴起来。
give ___ me __ a _________ guarantee that the work will be ④ Can you ____ finished on time?
6. make one’s way 前往；行进 made ___ his ____ way _______ towards the petrol station. ①He _____
②Will you be able to make your way to the airport by yourself? 你能自己去机场吗？ ③Gradually, Henderson began to make his way in politics. 亨德森逐渐开始在政界有所建树。 【点津】 make one’s way常与介词to/through/towards等连用。 make one’s way还有“慢慢成功, 逐渐有所成就”的意思。
【拓展】补全下列短语 feel one’s way ____ fight/force one’s way _________ push one’s way _____ wind one’s way _____
挤着前行 挤着前进；推开通过 蜿蜒向前 迷路 给??让路/让位
lose one’s way ____ make way for _____
7. vary from . . . to . . . 由??到??不等 ①These apples vary in size from small to medium. 这些苹果由小到中等大小不等。 ②People vary very much in their ideas. 人们在观念方面大不相同。
③The color of the leaves varies with weather.
叶子的颜色随着天气而变化。 ④Because of a variety of/varieties of/various reasons, he didn’t attend the meeting. 因种种原因, 他没参加会议。
【归纳】写出下列短语的意义 vary in. . . vary with. . . a variety of/varieties of/various 在??不同 ___________ 随??变化 ___________
8. The other two climbed down into the crater to collect some
lava for later study, but this being my first experience, I stayed
at the top and watched them. 另外两人攀下火山口去收集供日后研究用的岩浆, 我是第一次 经历这样的事, 所以留在山顶上观察他们。
独立主格结构的构成： n. /pron. ＋v. -ing/v. -ed/to do/adj. /adv. /prep. phrase。
状况或动作。 (2)独立主格结构本身不是句子 , 但在语意上相当于一个句子。 在句子中作状语, 表示时间、原因、条件、伴随等。 (3)独立主格结构一般用逗号与主句分开。
①The guide leading the way, we had no trouble getting out of the forest.
②He walked into the classroom, his head lowered.
There _____ being ___ no ____ one ____ else __ to ____ turn __, to I had to come to see ③______ you. 我没有其他可以求助的人, 只能来找你。 tears __ in eyes ④He left the office, _____ ____. 他眼里含着泪水离开了办公室。
1. potential n. 潜在性；可能性；潜能
realized ___ her ________. potential ①As a composer, she still hasn’t _______ 作为一名作曲家, 她还没有把自己的潜能发挥出来。 ②Denmark recognized the potential of wind energy early. 丹麦早就认识到了风能的潜力。 ③The disease is a potential killer. 这种疾病是潜在的杀手。
2. burn to the ground 全部焚毁
①The tower completed only a month ago was burnt to the
ground last night. 一个月前完工的那座塔昨天晚上被烧掉了。 was _____ burnt __ to ___ the _______, ground so he had to spend the ②His house ____ night on the streets. 他的房子被烧掉了, 因此他只得露宿街头。
【拓展】补全下列“burn+adv. ”短语 away burn _____ down burn _____ out burn ___ up burn ___
(建筑物)烧毁；火势减弱 烧坏；烧完 烧掉；烧光；烧得更旺
Ⅰ. 根据汉语提示写出适当形式的单词 panicked ( 惊慌 ) and screamed when the bomb 1. Guests ________ exploded. potential (潜能) to become a pianist, but 2. The boy has the ________ unluckily, it has never been developed because of poverty.
3. With competition becoming severer and severer, nowadays, guaranteed (保证) jobs when they graduate students are not __________ from college. 4. The fear of all kinds of examinations can be a source of deep anxiety (焦虑) to many students. _______
actually 实际上) she’s 50 years old. 5. She looks young, but _______(
make one’s way, burn to the ground, be anxious about, be
suitable for, vary from. . . to. . . burnt to the ground they had no place 1. With all the houses _________________, to live in. varied from to 2. The weather has ___________fine __terrible this month. make your way the 3. The snow being so thick, how did you ______________to top of the hill? is not __________growing suitable for 4. This kind of soil __ peanuts. were anxious about meeting which extended into 5. Members _________________a the weekend.
Ⅲ. 话题写作 先将下面几个句子翻译成英语, 然后连成一段小短文。 1. 与自然灾害, 如台风、飓风、洪水、地震和火山等相比, 人类很弱小。 2. 当火山喷发时, 炽热的岩浆像喷泉一样可喷到数百米的 高空中。
3. 岩浆流经之处, 一切都被掩埋在熔岩下面。人们惊慌失
4. 消防队员赶到起火的地方。虽然他们尽一切努力灭火 ,
【参考范文】 Compared with natural disasters, such as typhoon,
hurricane, flood, earthquake and volcano, humans are weak.
When a volcano erupts, hot lava fountains hundreds of meters
into the air. Wherever the lava flows, everything is buried
under the molten rock. People are in panic and anxious about their safety. The firemen make their way to the places on fire. Though they make every effort to put out the fire, many houses are burnt to the ground.