【2014 高考英语广东省华侨中学四模】 读写任务（共 1 小题，满分 25 分）
阅读下面短文，然后按要求写一篇 150 词左右的英语短文 In junior high school, one of my classmates, Ethan, was addicted to TV. Thi
s boy simply knew everything about such pop shows as Who’s the Boss? Then one day Ethan’s mother made him an offer in order to draw him back to his school subjects. She promised that she would give him $200 if he could go a full month without watching any TV. None of us thought Ethan could do it, but he did quit TV. His mom paid him $200. He went out and bought a TV, the biggest he could find. In recent years, hundreds of schools have carried out experiments with paying kids with cash for showing up or getting good grades. All school kids admire this trend. But it upsets adults. Teachers say that we are rewarding kids for doing what they should be doing of their own will. Psychologists warn that money can actually make kids perform worse by making the act of learning cheap. The debate has become a typical battle over why our kids are not learning at the rate they should be despite decades of reforms and budget increases. 【写作内容】 1. 以约 30 词概括上文的主要内容。 2. 以约 120 词对用金钱鼓励孩子学习的现象进行议论，内容包括： (1) 你对用金钱鼓励孩子学习的看法： (2) 你的父母（或其他亲人）是如何鼓励你学习的； (3) 你认为怎样才能更好地鼓励孩子学习 【写作要求】 1. 作文中可以使用亲身经历或虚构的故事，也可以参照阅读材料的内容，但 不得直接引用原文中的句子。 2. 作文中不能出现真实姓名和学校名称。 【评分标准】 概括准确，语言规范，内容合适，语篇连贯。
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【参考范文】读写任务： Ethan's mom used money for encouraging him to be devoted to learning, but she failed. In fact, kids are happy to be rewarded with money while some teachers and psychologists are upset. (32 words) Rewarding a child with cash is a common phenomenon in reality, and it does even become a trend. Form where I stand, I am not in favour of encouraging kids with cash. To get kids motivated to learn, we should not treat every child in the same way. To some students, oral praise is essential and adequate. However, this method may not work well with other kids. Maybe what counts more to them is to watch a movie or go on a trip together with their parents. It just depends. My parents used to encourage me by leading me to have more reading. Whenever I made progress in my studies, they bought me my favourite books, which not only motivated me, but also helped me get along well with my studies. In conclusion, schools and parents should educate their kids by teaching them to study for themselves and the society rather than simply offering them money to do something passively. Only by building up some noble and long-range aims can they study on their own initiative.
【江西省赣中四校高三第一次联考】书面表达（满分 25 分） 假如你叫李华，是一位高中生。随着科技的发展，iPod 已成为中学生的新宠。用 iPod 既 可听音乐、阅读纯文本电子书，又可玩电子游戏。请你用英语给某英语报社写一封信，谈谈 中学生使用 iPod 的情况。信的内容须包括以下几点： 使用对学习的好处。 对课堂纪律和学习可能产生的负面影响。 提出自己的建议并说明理由。 注意：①开头已经给出，不计入总词数；②词数 120 左右。 Dear Editor, I’m a senior high school student, named Li Hua
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Yours sincerely, Li Hua
【参考范文】One possible version Dear Editor, I’m a senior high school student, named Li Hua. Now many students have iPods and think it’s a fashion to use them. Using an iPod , we can listen to music, download a lot of learning materials and read them on the screen. Apparently, it is helpful to our study, especially to our English listening. Some students, however, bring their iPods to classroom and listen to music with earphones, which makes the teacher and other students greatly annoyed. What’s worse,some of them even waste precious time in class playing video games. In my opinion, as a student, we should make good use of iPod to help achieve academic success. Classroom is a place for students to study, and therefore concentration is awfully needed fo r us to learn our lessons. Furthermore, the school should make a rule to guide the students to use iPods in a proper way. Yours sincerely,
【湖北省荆州市高中毕业班质量检查 I】短文写作 (满分 25 分) 请你根据以下提示，结合你生活中的一个事例，用英语写一篇短文，谈谈诚信(honesty) 的作用。
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Honesty means always telling the truth and never cheating. Honesty is a kind of courage and responsibility, an invisible power and wealth. Honesty wins trust, respect and friendship. So it pays to be honest. 注意： ①无须写标题，不得照抄英语提示语； ②内容必须结合你生活中的一个事例； ③文中不得透漏个人姓名和学校名称； ④词数为 100 左右。
【参考范文】 (One possible version ) Honesty is a good virtue. If you are honest all the time, you'll be trusted and respected by others. I have learned a lot fro m my experience of dishonesty. When I was in Senior One, I was so eager to get a high score that I cheated in the exam. Although nobody discovered it, I had no sense of success at all. Instead, I felt guilty and it bothered me for a long time. What was worse, I was afraid that my friends would know about it and trust me no longer. So from then on, I have been determined never to be dishonest. Otherwise I will be looked down upon and lose all my friends. As you can see from my experience, if you ar e honest, you can say and do what you l ike without fear. In conclusion, to be honest will ensure you a happy life. [来源:学|科|网]
1．occur 替换 think of It occurred to me that someone had broken into my house.
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2．devote to 替换 spend He devotes all his spare time to reading. 3．seek to do 试图，企图干 seek after=seek for 寻求 They sought to hide themselves behind the trees. 4．average 替换 ordinary I’m an average student. 5．but 替换 very The film we saw last night was very interesting. → The film we saw last night was nothing but interesting. 6．seat 替换 sit He found an old lady seated (sitting) by the road, looking worried. 7．be supposed to=should He is supposed to have driven more slowly. 8．appreciate 替换 thank you for I deeply appreciate your kindness in coming so far to meet me. 9．on 替换 as soon as As soon as he arrived, he began his research. → On his arrival, he began his research. 10．due to 替换 because of Due to poor management, the factory is deeply in debt. 11．cover 替换 walk/read After covering 10 miles, we all felt tired. 12．contribute to 替换 write, donate 等
He contribute an article to China Daily. The association has contributed a sum of money to the Red Coss. Plenty of memory work will undoubtedly contribute to English study. 13．round the corner 替换 coming soon/ nearby The summer vacation is round the corner. Li Ming studies in a school round the corner.
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14．come up with 替换 think of Jack is very clever. He often comes up with new ideas. 15．set aside 替换 save Some students think that they should set aside some of their pocket money for books. 16．be of + n. 替换 adj. The products are of high quality and are sold everywhere in China. 17．refer to 替换 talk about/of, mention
The professor you referred to is very famous. Let me refer to my notes for the exact figures. 18．can not but do / can not help but do 替换 have to do 19．more often than not 替换 usually More often than not , the meaning of many words can be easily guessed. 20．be absorbed in 全神贯注于 be addicted to 沉溺于 替换 be lost in Now many kids are addicted to playing net games. 21．more than 替换 very If there is anything I can do for you, I would be more than glad to help. 22．do sb a/the favor 替换 help Would you please do me the favor to turn down the radio? 23．the other day 替换 a few days ago The other day my brother and I went to the cinema by bicycle. 24．in the course of 替换 during In the course of the mountain-climbing, please help each other and pay special attention to your safety. 25．the majority of 替换 most The majority of the interviewees prefer watching TV at home to going to the cinema. 26．consist of 替换 be made up of Our class consists of ( is made up of ) 50 students. 27．be worn out 替换 be tired / broken After five hours’ non-stop work, we were all worn out (tired). My shoes are worn out (broken). Please buy me a new pair.
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28．attend to 替换 look after She hanged up hurriedly and attended to the baby. Meanwhile, the meal got burnt. 29．on condition that 替换 as long as You can go out on condition that you wear an overcoat. 30．nevertheless 替换 however Freda knew that she would not win; nevertheless, she went on trying. 31．express one’s satisfaction with 替换 be satisfied with They expressed satisfaction with their lives. 32．spare no efforts to do 替换 try one’s best to do To be competitive on the world market, we must spare no efforts to improve the quality of our products. 33．many a 替换 many Many a quarrel has come about through a misunderstanding. 34．be occupied in doing 替换 be busy in doing Time spun away when we were occupied in repairing the farm tools. 35．a handful of 替换 some He allowed only a handful of his many compositions to be published during his lifetime. 36．(in the) meanwhile 替换 at the same time I went to college. Meanwhile, all my friends got well-paid jobs. 37．occasionally 替换 sometimes /once in while I like playing football best, but occasionally I play table tennis, too. 38．for instance 替换 for example For instance, the two patterns below are considered the same. 39．seldom 替换 not often I'm a night owl and seldom will I go to bed until after midnight. 40．wealthy 替换 rich A wealthy sponsor came to our rescue with a generous donation. 请同学们继续归纳：
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（A） （20 分钟） 在我们的生活和学习中， 与人合作是非常重要的。请你根据下表中所提供的 信息，写一篇题为 “Cooperate with others”的英文演讲稿。请写在答题纸相应横 线上。 可以高效地完成任务； 为何与人合作 可以节省时间和精力； 可以从合作者身上学到很多。 与 喜 欢 的 人 合 心情愉快，一起分享工作中的快乐和 作 与谁合作 痛苦。 能挑战自己与他人相处的能力。此外， 与不喜欢的人 合作 关注工作比关注合作者本人更重要。 日久，也许会发现他是一个很好相处 的人。 怎样做一个好的合作 者 注意： 1．对所给要点，逐一陈述，适当发挥，不要简单翻译。 2．词数 150 左右。 参考词汇：合作者 partner Good afternoon, everyone! The topic of my speech today is “Cooperate with others”. _________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ 高效地 efficiently 请你发表自己的观点……（至少 2 点看法）
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_____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ Thank you for your listening!
【参考范文】One possible version： Good afternoon, everyone! The topic of my speech today is “Cooperate with others”. In our daily life and study, if we want to accomplish our work efficiently, we must all learn to cooperate with others. Cooperation can save us a lot of time and energy. Additionally, we can learn much from our partners by cooperating with them. When we cooperate with someone we like, we will feel very happy. We can share our pleasure （joys） and sadness（sorrows） with him. But it challenges us to get along with others to cooperate with someone we dislike（hate）. Besides/Moreover/What’s more, we should focus on our work, instead of（rather than）our partners. Perhaps in working together with him for a long time, we’ll learn （find out） that he is a man to get along well with. How can we become a good partner? In my opinion, we should try to listen to others. If they make mistakes, we also try to point them out. Thirdly, we mustn’t embarrass others to make them in unfavorable position. Thank you for your listening! 要点供 9 个，每缺一个要点扣 2 分。9 个要点如下：可以高效地完成任务； 可以节省时间和精力；可以从合作者身上学到很多；心情愉快，一起分享工作中 的快乐和痛苦； 能挑战自己与他人相处的能力；关注工作比关注合作者本人更重 要；日久，也许会发现他是一个很好相处的人；自我观点 2 个
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