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牛津高二下前3章知识点详案


闸北区 2013 届高二年级全区统测·牛津高二(下)前 3 章教案学案(上大市北颜)

牛 津 高 二 下 前 3 章 教 案 学 案 及 相 关 真 题
2012.2 —— 2012.4

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闸北区 2013 届高二年级全区统测·牛津高二(下)前 3 章教案学案(上大市北颜)

牛津

高二(下) ·前 3 章·知识点详案
上大市北颜 2012.2

一、前 3 章词汇(按词性归类)
(一)前 3 章动词及动词词组(共 42 个) 1. look one’s best 4. endure 7. aim at 10. recommend 13. define…as… 16. reverse 19. roar with laughter 22. stick 25. undergo 28. volunteer 31. stimulate 34. depend on 37. offend 40. stick to 2. keep fit 5. alter 8. supply 11. overdo 14. play a trick on 17. depart 20. conceal 23. strengthen 26. cheer…up 29. remind…of… 32. think of A as B 35. make a difference 38. embarrass 41. unpack 3. stretch 6. set out 9. lose eight 12. sum up 15. proceed 18. exchange A for B 21. replace A with B 24. run 27. deny 30. associate A with B 33. symbolize 36. wrap 39. shed 42. mistake A for B

(二)前 3 章名词及名词词组(共 53 个) 1. lecturer 4. emphasis 7. rib 10. point 13. aerobics 16. fitness 19. practical joke 2. compliment 5. obsession 8. tribe 11. facelift 14. activity 17. workout 20. victim 3. cosmetic surgery 6. perspective 9. ear lobe 12. issue 15. lung 18. intensity 21. colleague

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闸北区 2013 届高二年级全区统测·牛津高二(下)前 3 章教案学案(上大市北颜)
22. inferior 25. diameter 28. proverb 31. emotion 34. clown 37. bureau 40. psychologist 43. injury 46. circumstances 49. mourning 52. purity 23. co-worker 26. belief 29. immune system 32. therapy 35. foundation 38. personality 41. firmness 44. travel agent 47. prosperity 50. bride 53. Brazil 24. peg 27. nonsense 30. rowing machine 33. comedy 36. charity 39. guesswork 42. peace and quiet 45. association 48. funeral 51. virtue

(三)前 3 章形副介连词及词组(共 37 个) 1. former a. 4. considerable a. 7. aerobic a. 10. moderate a. 13. practical joke 16. humble a. 19. at the end of 22. in the end 25. increasingly ad. 28. energetic a. 31. optimistic a. 34. rare a. 2. current a. 5. free (to do something) 8. optimal a. 11. suitable a. 14. unsuspecting a. 17. precisely ad. 20. on top of 23. immune a. 26. fascinating a. 29. adventurous a. 32. relaxed a. 35. thus ad. 36. reliable a. 3. ridiculous a. 6. quaint a. 9. intense a. 12. sharp a. 15. embarrassed a. 18. puzzled ad. 21. alternate a. 24. be equivalent to 27. emotional a. 30. ambitious a. 33. familiar a. 37. smart a.

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闸北区 2013 届高二年级全区统测·牛津高二(下)前 3 章教案学案(上大市北颜) 二、前 3 章课文词组
【注】 1-48组为U1Reading词组 1.为美受苦 3.让我们自己更美丽 5.一位前模特儿 7.一位作家兼讲师 9.感谢赞美之辞 11.你应该密切关注你所吃的并保持健康 13.你的观点是什么? 15.我确实觉得(对谓语进行强调) 17. 人们应该对自己感到满意 19. 人们很少想到(Seldom 引起倒装) 21. 既来自饮食疾病也来自外科手术 23. 社会当前的审美观 25. 给我们一个简洁的历史观点 27. 例如 29. 以便她们能拥有细腰 31. 在非洲曾有部落拉长耳垂或嘴唇 33. 被社会强迫忍受如此巨大的痛苦和折磨 35. 他们能自由来这里并且他们也喜欢来 2. 到何种程度 4. 在摄影棚里 6. 一位成功的女商人 8. 从你开始 10. 让你看上去最美是重要的(it) 12. 外科整容手术 14. 应该由每个人来决定什么是适合自己的 16. 不管长相如何 18. 如今对外表太过强调 20. 过分沉迷于长相的真正危险 22. 碰巧没有符合 24. 既然你是一个历史学者 26. 为使自己看上去更美做出可怕的事 28. 曾经抽掉肋骨 30. 在一些东南亚地区拉长颈部是时髦的 32. 我认为做某事是荒谬的(it) 34. 然而时代已经改变 36. 他们看上去好像年轻了十岁(虚拟)

37. 我认为讨论这些离奇古怪的习俗是没有意义的 38. 但是过去和现在之间是没有区别的 39. 这就是为何如今数百万妇女改变身体的原因 40. 她们动眼部手术、 拉皮以及其他手术 41. 只是为了让其他人认为她们更美丽 43.社会仍然根据长相如何来判断人们 45. 以貌取人是愚蠢的 47. 我觉得上述已很好地陈述了一些观点 【注】 49-82 组为U1MoreReading词组 49. 为了健康与美丽 50. 有氧运动是最有益最美丽的锻炼形式之一 42. 是的,但这是她们自己的选择 44. 因此迫得她们担心自己的外表 46. 我们应该整体判断一个人 48. 让我们接进第一个电话吧?

51. 任何使你的脉搏加快及呼吸加深的体育活动 52. 一种有氧运动形式 53. 目的在于/旨在
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54. 让心和肺以更高速率运转

闸北区 2013 届高二年级全区统测·牛津高二(下)前 3 章教案学案(上大市北颜)
55. 以便给肌肉提供更多的氧气 57. 更低的血压,更强健的骨骼 59. 更多的能量及更少的压力 61. 你每周进行有氧运动 3 到 4 次,每次 20 到 40 分钟 63. 达到整体健康的最佳水平 65. 你的脉搏频率 67. 不健康但又想减肥的人们 69. 做需要大量能量的运动 71. 有许多有氧运动的形式 73. 散步是最常见的有氧运动形式 75. 跑步适合几乎所有人 56. 有氧运动的好处包括有更强的心脏 58. 更好的睡眠,更低的身体脂肪 60. 有人建议?/据建议? 62. 只有到那时你才开始达到?(Only) 64. 你心脏跳动的速度 66. 你的训练有多激烈 68. 做较长时间的适度的运动 70. 竞争马拉松比赛 72. 包括跑步,游泳,骑车及滑雪 74. 它是低强度的,被推荐给初学者 76. 但重要的是记住别过度跑步

77. 你得保持适当的速度并穿上优质的鞋子(pace)78. 通过做这种均衡的轻松的锻炼 79. 我们的反应变得更快,头脑更为敏锐 81. 总之(sum),有氧运动对每个人都有好处 80. 我们变得更有效率更加高产 82. 它能导致更质量的生活!

【注】以下为第 1 单元 Notes 部分的补充知识点(属于 4 月区统测命题范围): 83. 在森林里住着一群外貌古怪的人(完全倒装) 84. 既是歌手又是演员的周杰伦 85. 很受年轻人的欢迎 87. 由?决定//是?的责任 86. 过马路时,注意汽车。 88. 由他自己决定十岁生日聚会的日期

89. 他不顾父亲的反对还是去踢足球了(regardless) 90. 他几乎没意识到自己多么在乎名利 91. 碰巧? 92. 昨晚她打电话时,我碰巧在外散步。

93. 不知什么原因,他工作多年的工厂倒闭了。 94. 随心所欲(做某事) 95. 如今,在大多数大学中 96. 学生可自由选择他们所喜爱的课程

97. 他说话的样子好像知道她去哪里了(虚拟) 98. 和他理论这样的事情没用 (point) 99. 建议他不要从事和他父亲一样的职业(It) 100. 只有通过广泛阅读,你才能扩大知识面 101.退休后 103. 工作时他没有注意调整节奏(pace) 【注】 105-144 组为U2Reading词组 105. 恶作剧 106. 幽默网页上的这篇文章 102.老人培养了很多爱好, 包括养猫养狗 104. 所以他的健康状况很快变差(fail)

107. 我们可以把笑话定义为能够引发笑声的话语 108. 而恶作剧则是能够引发笑声的行为 109. 恶作剧是对毫不怀疑的受害者实施的诡计
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110. 使他或她看上去愚蠢或尴尬

闸北区 2013 届高二年级全区统测·牛津高二(下)前 3 章教案学案(上大市北颜)
111. 作者讲述了在报社工作的波茨经历的恶作剧 112. 波茨把同事当下级的印象使他不得人心 113. 他的同事决定和他开个玩笑来挫挫他的傲气 114. 碰巧(it) 115. 波茨总是带同一顶帽子来上班 117. 在准十点整 119. 走向自己的桌子(proceed) 121. 把帽子放在头上(place) 123. 他的同事仔细检查了帽子 125. 买了极其相像但又大得多的另一顶帽子 116. 那是一种相当难看的绿色 118. 把帽子挂在门边的一个挂钩上 120. 把过程颠倒 122. 动身回家 124. 去了一家附近的商店 126. 当他们回到办公室

127. 所以他们用新帽子替换了旧帽子(exchange) 128. 在傍晚 129. 波茨起身离开 131. 每个人捧腹狂笑 133. 露面/出现 135. 他的同事对此很困惑 137. 从他们藏起帽子的壁橱里 139. 用旧帽子替换了新帽子(replace) 141. 正好黏在头顶上 130. 它掉下来盖住了眼睛 132. 令每个人惊讶的是 134. 帽子在正常位置 136. 减少它的直径 138. 用同样方式使它变小 140. 如往常一样 142. 在轮流的日子里

143. 波茨认为得了疾病,脑袋每天变大变小,于是去就医144. 没有这样的疾病 【注】 144-174 组为U2MoreReading词组 145. 一天一苹果,医生远离我。 147. 你是否曾经听过这样一句名言“笑是最佳良药”? 149. 医生和研究者正告诉我们笑对健康有好处 151. 笑能减少压力,降低血压及脉搏频率 153. 就像真正的药物一样帮助我们应对疼痛 146. 笑声在我们生活中的益处 148. 笑是有趣的(it) 150. 甚至能预防疾病诸如心脏病 152. 它能加强免疫系统 154. A相当于B;A等同于B

155. 每天笑100次等同于在划船器上锻炼10分钟 156. 笑对我们的头脑也有好处 157. 当人们感到压力时 159. 排遣种种情绪诸如愤怒、悲伤或者恐惧 161. 作为一种治疗形式 163. 他们已开始在医院电视里播放喜剧片 165. 小丑们造访医院以把笑声带给病人们 167. 幽默基金会,一个澳大利亚慈善组织
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158. 他们观看滑稽电影 160. 这就是为什么笑正日益被用于医院 162. 越来越多的医院正在鼓励病人笑 164. 在医院建议下 166. 安排此类造访的一个团体(定从) 168. 经历外科手术

闸北区 2013 届高二年级全区统测·牛津高二(下)前 3 章教案学案(上大市北颜)
169. 他们用笑话、魔术、歌曲和气球鼓舞孩子们 170. 你不能否认微笑有益于你这一事实 171. 任何具有幽默感及助人愿望的人都能申请 173. 请联系公共卫生局以得到更多详情 【注】 175-215组为U3Reading词组 175. 关于我们自身及周边事物,颜色告诉了我们什么 176. 颜色的诸多意义 172. 如果你愿意自发自愿 174. 记住——一天一微笑, 医生远离我!

177. 研究颜色及个性是科学事实及情感猜测的迷人混合 178. 瑞士心理学家Max花了几近毕生研究颜色 179. 研发了一种有助于解释你的个性的颜色测试 180. 在测试中选择红色的人们 181. 精力充沛、勇于冒险并寻求兴奋刺激 183. 冷静的、易受控的并偏爱安宁的生活 182. 偏爱蓝色的人 184. 绿色意味着稳定, 不喜欢变化且恐惧失败

185. 黄色意味着你是开放自由、野心勃勃且乐观开朗的 186. 每种颜色以不同的方式影响着我们 187. 蓝色和绿色往往提醒人们想到和平宁静 189. 绿色是植物和树木的颜色 191. 人们的脉搏频率降低并感到更加放松 193. 它是血液和肉类的颜色,是狩猎和伤害的颜色 195. 红色使人紧张,这是极其自然的(It) 197. 最黑暗的夜是黑色——一种常与恐惧相联的颜色 188. 蓝色是天空及海洋的颜色 190. 当人们看到蓝和绿等安全熟悉的颜色时 192. 然而,红色,在自然界中是罕见的 194. 它也是火的颜色 196. 当人们看到红色,脉搏频率会增加 198. 在日常生活中颜色常被食品业所用

199. 食品公司常使用红绿橙黄是不足为奇的(That)200. 所有这些均被视作主要的“开胃”颜色 201. 有助于说服人们买下更多食物 203. 它不仅刺激食欲,而且使人感觉精力充沛 202. 快餐店出于两个理由经常使用红色 204. 以便他们吃完后更快离开(so that)

205.从而为更多顾客腾出地方(thus) 206. 为何银行喜欢用蓝绿褐等更严肃宁静之色就不是秘密了 (It) 207. 这些颜色说服人们把银行看作安全可靠之地 208. 黄色使我们想到阳光和假日 209. 这就是为什么旅行社使用它(黄色)的原因 210. 颜色也被用于旗帜

211. 超过80%的国家使用红色——行动之色——在国旗上 212. 淡蓝色,象征着和平,是联合国的颜色 213. 许多环境组织选择使人想到大自然的绿色作为它们的颜色 214. 颜色是一种强大的工具

215. 它能被用于帮助我们,警示我们,抚慰我们,控制我们,还能促使我们买下东西。 【注】 216-236 组为U3More Reading词组 216. 不同的文化,不同的颜色 218. 取决于国家(现分作状语) 220. 那都是大有区别的(it) 217. 不同的文化在颜色联系方面并非总是达成一致
219. 无论你穿红或白去婚礼,还是你用什么颜色包装礼物

221.重要的是你应该记住在不同地方不同状况下使用何种颜色

222. 想要让你作为东道主在中国出差之旅给人留下深刻印象吗?223. 红色是包装礼物的最佳颜色
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闸北区 2013 届高二年级全区统测·牛津高二(下)前 3 章教案学案(上大市北颜)
224. 在春节期间它被用于红包及红灯笼上,甚至是婚服的颜色,象征着幸福和繁荣 225. 避免在美国把黑色用在礼物上!226. 在美国和欧洲,黑色是穿着去葬礼的颜色 227. 因为它是黑暗和夜晚的颜色 228. 在很多亚洲国家,若你身穿一身白色,就有可能毁掉聚会

229. 由于它是冬天的颜色,那时植物凋零死去,在一些国家它被认为是死亡和哀悼的颜色 230. 切勿在欧洲穿着白色去婚礼! 231. 只有新娘应该穿白色,因其是美德和纯洁的颜色 232. 坚持男士穿正装打领带,而女士则穿漂亮连衣裙 233. 在西班牙、意大利或巴西旅行吗? 234. 那么就别想着穿紫色衣服了,因为紫色在这些国家是哀悼的颜色 235. 如果你去美国又不想被误认为是医生或护士,那么就取出白色外套吧 236. 在许多国家人们穿白色是因为它是一种令人镇静及放松的颜色 【注】以下为第 2、3 单元 Notes 部分的补充知识点(属于 4 月区统测命题范围): 237. 把A定认为B 239. 由于她从不发脾气,孩子们总是捉弄她 241. 看在友情的份上,我用最爱的钢笔换了玛丽的书 243. 用B替代A 238. 捉弄某人 240. 用A交换B 242. 看在…的份上/出于…的缘故 244. 请用新电脑替换掉旧的

245. such的语序一般放在________________之后 246. 没有这样的疾病 247. 许多这样的案例 249. 这些的一个朋友 251. A等同于B 253. 付之一笑/一笑置之 255. 把A与B相联系 257. so that引导目的状从,从句中一般含有? 259. 为了减轻体重,她开始节食 248. 所有这样的文件 250. “强制语序”复习小结 252. 调他到另一个部门等于是解雇了他 254. 他总是对自己的问题一笑置之 256. 中国人常把红色与喜庆联系在一起 258. 此外,so that还可引导______状从 260. 为何/怎样/何时…不再是秘密(It)

261. 我们是否会羸这场比赛还不清楚(Whether) 262.我们是否会赢这场比赛还不清楚(It) 263. 坚持;信守 265. 尽管遇到一个又一个的失败 267. 别想着/放弃做 269. (打开箱子等)取出某物 271. 把A误认为B 264. 坚持计划并努力工作 266. 固执己见 268. 要是丢了工作,他就别想买新车了 270.女儿一到家,我就(打开箱)取出她的衣服 272. 我看你肯定是认错人了

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闸北区 2013 届高二年级全区统测·牛津高二(下)前 3 章教案学案(上大市北颜)

闸北区近年高二年级全区统测真题(语法·词汇·中译英)汇编
辑录: 上大市北颜 一、语法真题
(一) Grammar (15%)·2011 年 4 月闸北区高二年级统测语法真题 1. Little ____ about the reason for their quarrel so it was hard to say who was correct. A. we knew B. did we know C. has we known D. knew we 2. Though the complete name list was provided, we still had no idea ____ we could turn to when in trouble. (注意比较 2008 年 T3) A. what B. where C. who D. how 3. ____ the admission to the museum should be made free was still under discussion. A. That B. As C. Who D. Whether 4. Until the final group of citizens returned hom from Libya ______ how powerful our country was. (此为陷阱题,务必比较 2010 年 T3 及 2009 年 T4) A. we didn’t realize B. didn’t we realize C. didn’t realize we D. we realized 5. The couple were trying to buy a new apartment and it’s no wonder ____ they were saving every cent of their income. (注意比较 2009 年 T6) A. that B. as C. whether D. how 6. So hard ____ that he finally won the game. A. the sportsman trained B. the sportsman did train C. did the sportsman train D. trained the sportsman 7. Word came ____ the minimum monthly salary in Shanghai was increased. A. as if B. that C. how D. what 8. After the destructive earthquake in New Zealand, we had the slightest clue ____ those missing Chinese students could be found. A. that B. who C. what D. whether 9. Scarcely ____ that the famous singer would hold a concert in the city when he decided to buy a ticket. A. he had heard B. had he heard C. he heard D. did he hear 10. The question ____ the meeting would be held worried the organizers as all the conference rooms had been booked. A. that B. who C. whether D. where 11. On no account ____ such an unfair condition. A. the company will accept B. will the company accept C. accepts the company D. the company accepts 12. It is essential ____ in a good society. A. that public health should be improved B. that should improve public health C. whether public health should be improved D. whether should improve public health 13. Although the company spent a lot of money on the ads, the fact couldn’t be ignored ____ its product was of poor quality. A. why B. how C. that D. what 14. In many Arab countries, it’s not surprising ____ all the women have to cover their skin. A. that B. where C. how D. what

2012.2

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闸北区 2013 届高二年级全区统测·牛津高二(下)前 3 章教案学案(上大市北颜)
15. On the top of the mountain ____ which overlooks the whole town. A. does a five-star hotel stand B. a five-star hotel stands C. stands a five-star hotel D. does stand a five-star hotel (二) Grammar (10%)·2010 年 4 月闸北区高二年级统测语法真题 1. ____ can we expect to receive recognition from others. A. Now that we work hard B. Only through hard work C. By working hard D. Since we work hard 2. The new graduate had no idea ____ he should pay special attention to during a job interview. A. that B. where C. what D. which 3. Not until the French president saw the report on the newspaper ____ that his marriage was heatedly discussed. A. did he realize B. he realized C. didn’t he realzie D. he did realize 4. On the man-made island of Dubai(迪拜) ____ the Burj Al-Arab Hotle, the only sever-star hotel in the world. A. does stand B. stands C. has stood D. standing 5. It is advised by many economic experts and welcomed by ordinary people ____ a bigger part of the national income should be devoted to public health and education. A. when B. why C. whether D. that 6. What makes everyone uncertain is ____ the youn test-taker can pass the difficult language exam next week. A. that B. who C. whether D. when 7. Together with the present came her husband’s message ____ he would spend their first anniversary with her. A. what B. which C. where D. that 8. ____ means no difference to many American black people which white guy is elected president of the U.S. (注意比较 2009 年 T7 题干) A. What B. As C. It D. Whether 9. You never know ____ to take part in the eye-catching program. A. so eager I have been B. how I been have eager C. how eager I have been D. have I been so eager 10. So ____ that no one is willing to be involved. A. is the situation complicated B. complicated the situation is C. the situation is complicated D. complicated is the situation

(三) Grammar (10%)·2009 年 4 月闸北区高二年级统测语法真题 1. Given the look on Jane’s face, Jack really doesn’t know ____ will happen next. A. how B. what C. that D. when 2. Little ambition or desire for success ____ laziness and low efficiency at work. A. will it lead to B. will lead to C. it will lead to D. lead to will it 3. Peter promised his parents that he would take the IELTS exam this term and so ____. A. did he B. he did C. had he D. he had

10

闸北区 2013 届高二年级全区统测·牛津高二(下)前 3 章教案学案(上大市北颜)
4. Until nearly one month ago ____ his real being hidden behind the smiley face. A. did we not realize B. we didn’t realize C. didn’t we realize D. didn’t realize we 5. The announcement ____ the couple decided to break up came as a shock to all their friends. A. which B. what C. that D. as 6. Many accidents have happened in the food industry and it’s no woner ____ people are feeling so doubtful about the food they are eating now. A. now B. that C. what D. when 7. Jenny is a very independent girl and it makes no difference to her ____ the boarding school admits her or not. A. when B. why C. that D. whether 8. ____ can a language learner master a second language fluently. A. Through hard work B. Since he works hard C. Only work hard D. Only through hard work 9. ____ is disgraceful that he will not attend the meeting. (注意比较 08 年 T6) A. What B. Whatever C. How D. It 10. Nowhere else in the world ____ such a fool as Jack who was cheated by the same person three times. A. is there B. there is C. it is D. is it (四) Grammar (10%)·2008 年 4 月闸北区高二年级统测语法真题 1. Only ____ how to handle that tough problem. A. did she know B. she knew C. knew she D. she know did 2. Here ____. A. did the ants come B. the ants did come C. came the ants D. did come the ants 3. I have no idea ____ the terrible thing will happen again in the future. A. which B. that C. what D. whether 4. The feeling suddenly caught me ____ I might fail the English test. A. whether B. that C. what D. which 5. It depends largely on the weather _____ we will go outing that day. A. that B. whether C. what D. because 6. It’s most disgraceful that he ____ so badly by co-workers. A. should treat B. had treated C. should be treated D. being treated (本题被选作 2012.1.5 本校高二期末英语考卷语法试题 T___) 【注意】 should 主要用法可概括为 “___________” 具体为______________________________ , 7. In no time ____ inform him of the development of the case. A. I will B. will I C. will I be D. I will be (本题也被选作 2012.1.5 本校高二期末英语考卷语法试题 T___) 8. ----He finally passed the driving test. ---- So ____. A. Mary did do B. did Mary C. Mary did D. did Mary do

11

闸北区 2013 届高二年级全区统测·牛津高二(下)前 3 章教案学案(上大市北颜)
9. _____ is still not known when the meeting will end. A. Whether B. What C. As 10. ----I have never seen such a big shark before. ----_____. A. Neither have I B. Neither I have C. Have I neither

D. It

D. Have neither I

(五) Grammar (10%)·2007 年 5 月闸北区高二年级统测语法真题 1. He is still young. He can’t help ____ all the cleaning work. A. doing B. to do C. done D. to be done 2. I forgot _____ the key with me and now I can’t get into my apartment. A. to bring B. bringing C. brought D. had brought 3. Although he hasn’t been abroad, he talks as if he _____ a foreigner. A. is B. has been C. were D. be 4. When I opened the door, I saw him ____ an ice-cream. A. to eat B. eat C. eating D. eaten 5. The student _____ English novels every day to improve his English ability. A. makes to read B. is made to read C. is made reading D. made to read 6. I ____ you that your suggestion was refused. A. regret tell B. regret telling C. regret to tell D. regret to be told 7. If I were ten years younger, I _____ Africa next year. A. had visited B. visited C. should have visited D. would visit 8. I should have attended the meeting but I ____ abroad. A. was B. am C. will D. is 9. You will never know about him ____ yuou work with him. A. if B. because C. unless D. as if 10. _____ you have come 10 minutes earlier, he is still the first one to arrive. A. Because B. Unless C. As D. Even if (六) Grammar (20%)·2010 年 6 月闸北区高二·七校联合体·期末考试 1. He hasn’t prepared for the coming Physics exam and he _____ fail it. A. must B. might C. can D. should 2. He _____ for his room is locked. A. couldn’t have been out B. shouldn’t have been out C. must have been out D. needn’t be out 3. According to the regulation, internet bars _____ allow children under 18 years old. A. needn’t B. may not C. mustn’t D. ought not 4. You ____ to the boy in the first place but now it’s too late. A. may say no B. daren’t say no C. sholud say no D. ought to have said no 5. As many European countries are in big economic trouble themselves, they _____ help Greece out of the heavy debt. A. shall not B. are not able to C. need not D. should not 6. The 2010 Shanghai World Expo is in need of volunteers who ____ speak English fluently. A. should B. can C. must D. ought to

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闸北区 2013 届高二年级全区统测·牛津高二(下)前 3 章教案学案(上大市北颜)
7. Jack is looking everywhere for his sister. Where ____ she have gone? A. must B. could C. need D. should 8. He is already a grown young man. As his mother, you ____ be worried about him anymore. A. can’t B. aren’t able to C. needn’t D. mustn’t 9. President Obama asked ____ it’s time for the Wall Street to take its share of responsibility. A. that B. where C. whether D. what 10. The teacher asked _____ had made the boy cry so loudly. A. whether B. that C. when D. what 11. _____ by a famous TV health program, the price of some food is rising. A. Driving B. To drive C. Driven D. It driven 12. Many customers _____, the bank decided to lengthen its business hours. A. to complain B. complained C. complaining D. was complaining 13. ____ of failing to lead the UK out of the current economic situation, Gordon Brown stepped down as the British Prime Minister. A. Accused B. Accusing C. To accuse D. Having accused 14. The house price ____, many local governments were considering putting forward policies to solve the problem. A. rose B. risen C. rising D. to rise 15. ____ much money through lectures and publications, Bill Clinton became the richest US president in 40 years. A. Earned B. To earn C. He earning D. Having earned 16. Some players _____ badly, the Chinese women’s football team lost the game to Japan 0-2. A. to perform B. performing C. performed D. having been performed 17. ____ greatly from the recent quality affair, the world’s No.1 car maker Toyota lost many customers. A. Suffering B. Suffered C. Having been suffered D. To be suffered 18. Many people from other provinces ____ into Shanghai for the World Expo, Shanghai’s hotels are fully booked. A. flooding B. flooded C. to be flooded D. having been flooded 19. Thousands of the US fishermen’s lives ____, the US people criticized the BP oil company for the oil leak accident. A. threatening B. threatened C. threatens D. to threaten 20. ____ the world the fantastic 3D technologies, the new Hollywood film “Alice in Wonderland” climbed to the top of the US box office. A. To show B. Showing C. Shown D. Having been shown (七)2008/2009/2010/2011 年各区县高三统测(一模及二模) ·倒装及名从 辑录于“倒装及虚拟”语法详案。

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闸北区 2013 届高二年级全区统测·牛津高二(下)前 3 章教案学案(上大市北颜) 二、词汇真题
(一) Vocabulary (10%)·2011 年 4 月闸北区高二年级统测词汇真题 1. The boy’s _____ with the cartoon was the main reason why he performed poorly in study. A. obsession C. excitement B. intensity D. environment

2. Although today people are living in materialistic richness, the ____ emptiness has become more and more serious a problem. A. physical C. perspective B. emotional D. ambitious

3. In many rural areas, measures were taken to ____ the sales of electrical appliances. A. stimulate C. symbolize B. persuade D. puzzle

4. In the hope to win more honors for the country, many sportsmen ____ physical pains and loneliness to keep on training. A. replaced C. endured B. exchanged D. denied

5. In spite of the changeable world, the school ____ its policies and regulations formed long ago. A. sticks to C. reminds of B. depends on D. sums up

6. The newborn baby was so ____ that his mother was fully occupied by him. A. horrendous C. energetic B. optimistic D. tense

7. The guy talked loudly within the opera house, ____ other audience. A. offending C. impressing B. reducing D. reversing

8. The respect for the old is the _____ of the Chinese people. A. foundation C. consideration B. virtue D. firmness

9. A real expert can be ____ as someone who specializes and achieves a lot in a particular area. A. defined C. associated B. undergone D. produced

10. The ____ of language learning should be laid on the full use of the target language. A. system C. examination B. emphasis D. experience

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闸北区 2013 届高二年级全区统测·牛津高二(下)前 3 章教案学案(上大市北颜)
(二) Vocabulary (10%)·2010 年 4 月闸北区高二年级统测词汇真题 1. ____ the power of the Internet, consumers are now able to buy almost anything without leaving their home. A. Thanks to C. Regardless of B. Thanks for D. As well as

2. It never occurred to me that a man with so many achievements could be that _____. A. successful C. cosmetic B. humble D. suitable

3. The ____ of the sales information is the main reason for the monthly district sales net meeting of the company. A. impression C. exchange B. emphasis D. foundation

4. Though the mobile phone brought convenience to people, the ____ with it is regarded as a kind of psychological disease. A. intensity C. therapy B. suffering D. obsession

5. The government has taken many measures to fight the current economic crisis. ____, the economic situation is turning onto a positive channel. A. At beginning C. For instance B. As a result D. As usual

6. It was the encouragement from the Swedish audience that ____ the Sweden Women’s team to win the curling medal in the Winter Olympics 2010. A. stimulated C. symbolized B. persuaded D. strengthened

7. Now more and more ordinary people have realized the importance of _____ and are determined to throw themselves into helping others. A. adventure C. mourning B. charity D. ambition

8. The newly-elected governor is _____ to sweet words or compliments, which impresses the public. A. reliable C. immune B. unpleasant D. familiar

9. Among all the valuable things to a human, nothing is _____ to health. A. equivalent C. powerful B. considerable D. optimistic

10. It’s reported that the negotiation between Google and the Chinese government will ___ soon. A. replace C. proceed B. undergo D. offend

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闸北区 2013 届高二年级全区统测·牛津高二(下)前 3 章教案学案(上大市北颜)
(三) Vocabulary (10%)·2009 年 4 月闸北区高二年级统测词汇真题 1. Some wicked(不道德的) businessmen will take advantage of big sales to sell ____ products as qualified products to customers. A. horrendous C. alternate B. inferior D. reliable

2. The old dish-washer was not working well and they decided to buy a new one to _____ it. A. stimulate C. reduce B. symbolize D. replace

3. To any basketball team, a respectful team leader is _____ important because he acts as the soul of the whole team on the ground. A. precisely C. particularly B. probably D. ridiculously

4. Angelina was very happy about the promotion news and she found it difficult to _____ her feelings in front of her colleagues. A. emphasize C. overdo B. endure D. conceal

5. The new CEO’s company policies were so strict that many of his former co-workers _____ him. A. turned up C. turned against B. turned on D. turned in

6. The quaint actions of the prisoner gave us the _____ that he was planning something. A. emotion C. expression B. impression D. instance

7. The current ____ relationship between Israel(以色列) and its neighbour has shadowed the world oil market and economic recovery. A. familiar C. balanced B. unpopular D. tense

8. With the rise of the suicide(自杀) cases in Wenchuan, people have realized the importance of the ____ rescue of the earthquake survivors. A. political C. psychological B. material D. cultural

9. Although the couple’s ____ differ greatly, they have lived together happily for nearly 20 years. A. lengths B. obsessions C. energies D. personalities

10. He is such a(n) ____ boy that you can never see him sit on the chair for more than 10 minutes. A. restless C. peaceful B. ambitious D. adventurous

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闸北区 2013 届高二年级全区统测·牛津高二(下)前 3 章教案学案(上大市北颜)
(四) Vocabulary (10%)·2008 年 4 月闸北区高二年级统测词汇真题 1. It seemed that the red wine _____ him and he became very wordy tonight. A. reminded C. reversed B. fit D. stimulated

2. Jack is ____ to find that he can’t remember the girl’s name though they met each other just two days ago. A. inferior C. embarrassed B. free D. horrendous

3. If we allow the matter to _____, we will regret it some day. A. set out C. conceal B. depart D. proceed

4. Our new car is _____ though it doesn’t look beautiful. A. practical C. energetic B. ambitious D. familiar (务必比较 2007 年 T5) B. obsession D. lecture

5. With much progress having been made in economy, now ____ should be laid on the protection of nature. A. emotion C. emphasis

6. We normally _____ working efficiency ____ working attitude. A. replace, with C. remind, of B. associate, with D. think of, as

7. They share one kitchen and use it _____ to cook meals. A. precisely C. firmly B. ridiculously D. alternately

8. The mother’s _____ will greatly influence the growth of the kid, deciding whether the kid can grow into a positive man or not. A. compliment B. issue C. personality D. trick

9. The function of the machine was _____ the engineer and he quickly solved the problem. A. familiar in C. familiar with B. familiar to D. familiar on

10. In scientific research, we can never base our judgment on ____. A. obsession C. nonsense B. perspective D. guesswork

(五) Vocabulary (10%)·2007 年 5 月闸北区高二年级统测词汇真题 1. The businessman is very _____, hoping that his company will become the biggest one in the country. A. energetic C. fierce B. ambitious D. aimless

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闸北区 2013 届高二年级全区统测·牛津高二(下)前 3 章教案学案(上大市北颜)
2. Doing exercises does good to your body. ____, reading does good to your brain. A. Generally C. Formally 3. We can’t help laughing at his ____ clothing. A. negative C. restful B. emotional D. ridiculous B. Similarly D. Historically

4. Peter is trying to ____ a plan for the coming sports meeting. A. result in C. work out B. regard as D. come along

5. ____ should be put on improving students’ oral ability. A. Emphasis C. Implant B. Compliment D. Lecture

6. They ____ the old vase and placed a new sculpture in the room. A. removed C. affected B. disliked D. reduced

7. He _____ to report the case to the teacher if she didn’t act as was told. A. managed C. threatened B. provided D. considered

8. Always a(n) _____, she never worries about things she can’t control. A. optimist B. youngster C. psychologist D. historian

9. She decided to leave her husband as she couldn’t _____ his bad temper any more. A. endure C. stimulate B. measure D. endanger

10. They are leading such a(n) ____ life that they can hardly find time for entertainment. A. tense C. powerful B. common D. adventurous

(六) Vocabulary (10%)·2010 年 6 月闸北区高二·七校联合体·词汇真题 1. According to the American tax law, ____ people should pay more tax than poor people. A. wealthy C. persuasive B. advertised D. youthful

2. The problems in communication between people of different countries resulting from ____ differences are quite common in today’s business world. A. helpless C. emotional B. financial D. cultural

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闸北区 2013 届高二年级全区统测·牛津高二(下)前 3 章教案学案(上大市北颜)
3. Many peace-loving people knew very early that the evil Hiltler government was ____ to fail sooner or later. A. doomed C. hurried B. deserved D. encouraged

4. It is said that appropriate ____ plays an important part in the success of the film “Go LA LA Go”. A. publicity C. inspiration B. review D. principle

5. As several invaluable paintings are on display in the gallery, the guards are _____ all the time against any possible theft(偷窃). A. realistic C. vigilant B. worried D. unconventional

6. Having realized the importance of energy saving, many countries have decided to _____ projects to develop clean energy. A. transport C. recycle B. leak D. fund

7. _____ with computer technology, the student was determined to come into IT industry after graduation. A. Obsessed C. Revolutionized B. Argued D. Accepted

8. Due to the 2010 South Africa World Cup, the country’s tourism industry is _____. A. campaigning C. promoting B. prospering D. demanding

9. Scientists are _____ creating effective medicine for AIDS. A. applying to C. engaging in B. depending on D. taking up

10. The ____ breakup with his girlfriend kept the man in low spirits for a while. A. harmful C. painful B. appropriate D. magical

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闸北区 2013 届高二年级全区统测·牛津高二(下)前 3 章教案学案(上大市北颜)
三、全 6 章重点词汇句型精讲及拓展

【注】 1-28组为U1 Reading的知识点 1. suffer及相关词汇精讲与拓展 1)默写原文: 2)

2. length及相关词汇精讲与拓展 1) 默写原文: 2)

3. former及相关词汇精讲与拓展 1) 默写原文: 2)

4. compliment及相关词汇精讲与拓展 1) 默写原文: 2)

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闸北区 2013 届高二年级全区统测·牛津高二(下)前 3 章教案学案(上大市北颜) 5. up to 用法归纳 1) 默写原文: 2)

6. regardless of 精讲与拓展 1) 默写原文: 2)

7. emphasis及相关词汇精讲与拓展 1) 默写原文: 2)

8. Seldom的倒装结构及相关真题 1) 默写原文: 2)

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闸北区 2013 届高二年级全区统测·牛津高二(下)前 3 章教案学案(上大市北颜) 9. obsession, obsess, obsessed精讲与拓展 1) 默写原文: 2)

10. happen考点小结 1) 默写原文: 2)

11. fit精讲与拓展 1) 默写原文: 形容词原句:____________________________________________________ 动词原句:______________________________________________________ 2)

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闸北区 2013 届高二年级全区统测·牛津高二(下)前 3 章教案学案(上大市北颜) 12. historian history historic historical

13. horrendous horrendously horrible horribly horror

14. instance及相关词汇精讲与拓展 1) 默写原文: 2)

15. stretch, expand, extend, spread复习回顾 1) 默写原文①__________________ 2) stretch ②__________________________

expand

extend

spread

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闸北区 2013 届高二年级全区统测·牛津高二(下)前 3 章教案学案(上大市北颜) 16. ridiculous 精讲与拓展 1) 默写原文: 2)

17. endure 精讲与拓展 1) 默写原文: 2)

18. considerable, considerate, consider 复习回顾 1) 默写原文: 2) considerable

considerate

consider

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闸北区 2013 届高二年级全区统测·牛津高二(下)前 3 章教案学案(上大市北颜) 19. pain 及相关词汇精讲与拓展 1) 默写原文: 2)

20. as if 考点归纳 1) 默写原文: 2)

21. point 考点归纳 1) 默写原文: 2)

22. quaint 精讲与拓展 1) 默写原文: 2)

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闸北区 2013 届高二年级全区统测·牛津高二(下)前 3 章教案学案(上大市北颜) 23. custom 精讲与拓展 1) 默写原文: 2)

24. difference 考点归纳 1) 默写原文: 2)

25. alter 精讲与拓展 1) 默写原文: 2)

26. society social sociable socialist socialism

26

闸北区 2013 届高二年级全区统测·牛津高二(下)前 3 章教案学案(上大市北颜) 27. judge 考点归纳 1) 默写原文: 2) set out

28. set out 等系列词组复习 1) 默写原文: 2) set out

set about

set off

set up

set down

set … free

set aside

3)相关单项选择及中译英题见“高二上后3章词汇详案第9组” 。

27

闸北区 2013 届高二年级全区统测·牛津高二(下)前 3 章教案学案(上大市北颜) 【注】 29-56组为U1 More Reading的知识点 29. beneficial及benefit精讲与拓展 1) 默写原文 beneficial: 默写原文 benefit: 2)

30. form精讲与拓展 1) 默写原文: 2)

31. physical physics physicist physician

surgeon surgery

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闸北区 2013 届高二年级全区统测·牛津高二(下)前 3 章教案学案(上大市北颜) 32. aim at及相关词汇精讲与拓展 1) 默写原文: 2)

33. supply, provide, offer精讲与拓展 1) 默写原文: 2)

34. include考点复习回顾 1) 默写原文: 2)

35. lower及相关词汇精讲与拓展 1) 默写原文(U1MR): 默写原文(U2MR): 2)

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闸北区 2013 届高二年级全区统测·牛津高二(下)前 3 章教案学案(上大市北颜) 36. suggest与虚拟语气 1) 默写原文: 2)

37. only的倒装结构 1) 默写原文: 2)

38. intense及intensity精讲与拓展 1) 默写原文intense: 默写原文intensity: 2)

39. weight及weigh精讲与拓展 1) 默写原文: 2)

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闸北区 2013 届高二年级全区统测·牛津高二(下)前 3 章教案学案(上大市北颜) 40. moderate精讲与拓展 1) 默写原文: 2)

41. require考点复习回顾 1) 默写原文: 2)

42. compete考点复习回顾 1) 默写原文: 2)

43. cycle, recycle等词汇精讲与拓展 1) 默写原文: 2)

44. common考点复习回顾(异常重要) 1) 默写原文: 2)

31

闸北区 2013 届高二年级全区统测·牛津高二(下)前 3 章教案学案(上大市北颜) 45. recommend考点复习回顾 1) 默写原文: 2)

46. suit, suitable, fit, fitness考点归纳 1) 默写原文: 2)

47. overdo精讲与拓展 1) 默写原文: 2)

48. pace考点复习回顾 1) 默写原文: 2)

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闸北区 2013 届高二年级全区统测·牛津高二(下)前 3 章教案学案(上大市北颜) 49. balance, balanced精讲与拓展 1) 默写原文: 2)

50. response, respond精讲与拓展 1) 默写原文: 2)

51. sharp考点归纳 1) 默写原文: 2)

52. efficient efficiency effective effect sufficient sufficiency

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闸北区 2013 届高二年级全区统测·牛津高二(下)前 3 章教案学案(上大市北颜) 53. productive production product producer produce

54. sum及相关词汇精讲与拓展 1) 默写原文: 2)

55. “A对B有好处/有益”表达形式小结 1) 默写原文: 2)

56. lead及lead to 考点复习回顾 1) 默写原文(本课): 默写原文(U2Reading):

2)

34

闸北区 2013 届高二年级全区统测·牛津高二(下)前 3 章教案学案(上大市北颜) 【注】 57-86组为U2 Reading的知识点 57. practical及相关词汇精讲与拓展 1) 默写原文: 2)

58. define考点复习回顾 1) 默写原文: 2) define

definition

definite

definitely

59. cause考点复习与回顾 1) 默写原文: 2)

60. trick考点归纳 1) 默写原文: 2)

35

闸北区 2013 届高二年级全区统测·牛津高二(下)前 3 章教案学案(上大市北颜) 61. unsuspecting及相关词汇精讲与拓展 1) 默写原文: 2)

62. embarrassed

embarrassing

embarrassment

embarrass

牛津高二下U3MR课文: In this way, you will not offend anyone or embarrass yourself.

63. impression, impress考点复习回顾(异常重要,务必牢固掌握! ) 1) 默写原文(本课) : 默写原文(U3MR) : 2) impression的必背词组:

impress的必背词组:

36

闸北区 2013 届高二年级全区统测·牛津高二(下)前 3 章教案学案(上大市北颜) 64. regard考点复习回顾 1) 默写原文: 2)

65. inferior与superior 1) 默写原文: 2)

//

junior与senior

区别比较

66. co-workers 及 co-前缀小结 1) 默写原文: 2) co前缀意为__________________

3) 需要掌握的前缀为co-的词汇主要包括:

67. humble 精讲与拓展 1) 默写原文: 2)

37

闸北区 2013 届高二年级全区统测·牛津高二(下)前 3 章教案学案(上大市北颜) 68. happen 考点归纳 1) 默写原文: 2)

69. rather用法小结 1) 默写原文: 2)

70. precise, precisely 精讲与拓展 1) 默写原文: 2)

71. hang及hang系列词组小结 1) 默写原文: 2)

38

闸北区 2013 届高二年级全区统测·牛津高二(下)前 3 章教案学案(上大市北颜) 72. proceed 精讲与拓展 1) 默写原文: 2)

73. reverse 精讲与拓展 1) 默写原文: 2)

74. process 精讲与拓展 1) 默写原文: 2)

75. 英语中常考的3个“放置”(place, put, lay) 1) 默写原文place: 默写原文put: 2)

39

闸北区 2013 届高二年级全区统测·牛津高二(下)前 3 章教案学案(上大市北颜) 76. exact, exactly精讲与拓展 1) 默写原文: 2)

77. exchange, replace, substitute 精讲与拓展 1) 默写原文exchange: 默写原文replace: 2)

78. turn up及turn系列词组 1) 默写原文: 2)

40

闸北区 2013 届高二年级全区统测·牛津高二(下)前 3 章教案学案(上大市北颜) 79. puzzle 考点归纳 1) 默写原文: 2)

80. fix 用法小结 1) 默写原文: 2)

81. conceal 及相关词汇精讲与拓展 1) 默写原文: 2)

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闸北区 2013 届高二年级全区统测·牛津高二(下)前 3 章教案学案(上大市北颜) 82. stick 考点归纳 1) 默写原文: 2)

83. roar 精讲与拓展 1) 默写原文: 2)

84. result 考点复习与回顾 1) 默写原文: 2)

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闸北区 2013 届高二年级全区统测·牛津高二(下)前 3 章教案学案(上大市北颜) 85. alternate, alternative, alter 精讲与拓展 1) 默写原文: 2)

86. 以“no such”为代表的 such 语序小结 1) 默写原文: 2)

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闸北区 2013 届高二年级全区统测·牛津高二(下)前 3 章教案学案(上大市北颜) 【注】 87-108组为U2 More Reading的知识点 87. keep away 及 keep 系列词组小结 1) 默写原文: 2)

88. fun, funny 含义及用法区别 1) 默写原文fun: 默写原文funny: 2)

89.strengthen, strength, strong考点归纳 1) 默写原文: 2)

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闸北区 2013 届高二年级全区统测·牛津高二(下)前 3 章教案学案(上大市北颜) 90. immune精讲与拓展 1) 默写原文: 2)

91. deal with及do with考点归纳 1) 默写原文: 2)

92. equivalent精讲与拓展 1) 默写原文: 2)

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闸北区 2013 届高二年级全区统测·牛津高二(下)前 3 章教案学案(上大市北颜) 93. row精讲与拓展 1) 默写原文: 2)

94. laugh away及laugh系列词组 1) 默写原文: 2)

95. emotion, emotional及相关词汇精讲与拓展 1) 默写原文: 2)

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闸北区 2013 届高二年级全区统测·牛津高二(下)前 3 章教案学案(上大市北颜) 96. therapy精讲与拓展 1) 默写原文: 2)

97. encourage, discourage及相关词汇精讲与拓展 1) 默写原文: 2)

98. comedy及相关词汇精讲与拓展 1) 默写原文: 2)

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闸北区 2013 届高二年级全区统测·牛津高二(下)前 3 章教案学案(上大市北颜) 99. arrange, arrangement考点归纳 1) 默写原文: 2)

100. foundation及相关词汇精讲与拓展 1) 默写原文: 2)

101. charity, clarity精讲与拓展 1) 默写原文: 2)

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闸北区 2013 届高二年级全区统测·牛津高二(下)前 3 章教案学案(上大市北颜) 102. undergo精讲与拓展 1) 默写原文: 2)

103. cheer及相关词组精讲与拓展 1) 默写原文: 2)

104. deny, admit 考点归纳 1) 默写原文: 2)

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闸北区 2013 届高二年级全区统测·牛津高二(下)前 3 章教案学案(上大市北颜) 105. apply, application, applicant 考点复习回顾(异常重要) 1) 默写原文: 2)

106. volunteer 考点归纳 1) 默写原文: 2)

107. contact 考点复习回顾(异常重要)

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闸北区 2013 届高二年级全区统测·牛津高二(下)前 3 章教案学案(上大市北颜) 108. bureau 精讲与拓展 1) 默写原文: 2)

【注】 109-132组为U3 Reading的知识点 109. fascinating, fascinated, fascinate精讲与拓展 1) 默写原文: 2)

110. psychologist psychology psychological

physiologist physiology physiological

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闸北区 2013 届高二年级全区统测·牛津高二(下)前 3 章教案学案(上大市北颜) 111. energetic, energy精讲与拓展 1) 默写原文: 2)

112. adventure

adventurous

venture

venturous

113. calm及相关词组精讲与拓展 1) 默写原文: 2)

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闸北区 2013 届高二年级全区统测·牛津高二(下)前 3 章教案学案(上大市北颜) 114. control考点归纳 1) 默写原文: 2)

115. firm, firmness精讲与拓展 1) 默写原文: 2)

116. dislike考点归纳 1) 默写原文: 2)

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闸北区 2013 届高二年级全区统测·牛津高二(下)前 3 章教案学案(上大市北颜) 117. ambitious, ambition精讲与拓展 1) 默写原文: 2)

118. optimistic

optimist

pessimistic

pessimist

“乐观与悲观”_________________________________

119. affect, affection, effect, effective考点复习回顾 1) 默写原文: 2)

120. remind考点复习回顾 1) 默写原文: 2)

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闸北区 2013 届高二年级全区统测·牛津高二(下)前 3 章教案学案(上大市北颜) 121. rare及相关词汇精讲与拓展 1) 默写原文: 2)

122. associate, association精讲与拓展 1) 默写原文: 2)

123. industry

industrial

industrious

agriculture

agricultural

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闸北区 2013 届高二年级全区统测·牛津高二(下)前 3 章教案学案(上大市北颜) 124. next time 引导时间状从·相关知识点小结 1) 默写原文: 2)

125. appetite 精讲与拓展 1) 默写原文: 2)

126. persuade(异常重要)

persuasion

persuasive

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闸北区 2013 届高二年级全区统测·牛津高二(下)前 3 章教案学案(上大市北颜) 127. stimulate

stimulus

stimuli

以-us 结尾的名词如何进行“单变复”? 具体为:

128. restful 精讲与拓展 1) 默写原文: 2)

129. reliable, rely 精讲与拓展

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闸北区 2013 届高二年级全区统测·牛津高二(下)前 3 章教案学案(上大市北颜) 130. symbolize, symbol 精讲与拓展 1) 默写原文: 2)

131. warn 考点复习回顾 1) 默写原文: 2)

132. relax 考点复习回顾 1) 默写原文: 2)

【注】 133-组为U3 Reading的知识点 133. agree on 及 agree 系列词组(异常重要) 1) 默写原文: 2)

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闸北区 2013 届高二年级全区统测·牛津高二(下)前 3 章教案学案(上大市北颜) 134. make a difference 及相关考点归纳(异常重要) 1) 默写原文: 2)

135. wrap,

wrapping

wrapper

136. essential 考点归纳 1) 默写原文: 2)

137. circumstance 精讲与拓展 1) 默写原文: 2)

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闸北区 2013 届高二年级全区统测·牛津高二(下)前 3 章教案学案(上大市北颜) 138. offend, offensive 精讲与拓展 1) 默写原文: 2)

139. prosperity, prosper, prosperous 精讲与拓展 1) 默写原文: 2)

140. avoid 考点复习与回顾 1) 默写原文: 2)

141. funeral 及相关词汇精讲与拓展 1) 默写原文: 2)

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闸北区 2013 届高二年级全区统测·牛津高二(下)前 3 章教案学案(上大市北颜) 142. ruin 考点复习回顾 1) 默写原文: 2)

143. dress 考点复习回顾 1) 默写原文: 2)

144. shed 精讲与拓展 1) 默写原文: 2)

145. consider 考点复习回顾(异常重要) 1) 默写原文: 2)

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闸北区 2013 届高二年级全区统测·牛津高二(下)前 3 章教案学案(上大市北颜) 146. mourn mourning mourner

146. bride bridegroom

147. virtue 精讲与拓展 1) 默写原文: 2)

148. purity pure purely (词组 purely and simply:_________________________________________)

149. stick to 及相关考点归纳 1) 默写原文: 2)

150. formal 及相关词汇精讲与拓展 1) 默写原文: 2)

151. smart 精讲与拓展 1) 默写原文: 2)

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闸北区 2013 届高二年级全区统测·牛津高二(下)前 3 章教案学案(上大市北颜) 152. unpack 精讲与拓展 1) 默写原文: 2)

153. mistake 考点归纳(异常重要) 1) 默写原文: 2)

154.牛津高二下·前 3 章·课文中的倒装句·归纳汇总 1) 2) 3)

155.牛津高二下·前 3 章·课文中的名词性从句·归纳汇总 1) 2) 3)

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闸北区 2013 届高二年级全区统测·牛津高二(下)前 3 章教案学案(上大市北颜) 四、英语辅导报·上海牛津高二版(2012 年度) ·中译英试题汇编(自行抄录)
第1期 1. 为了看上去最美, 她不顾后果做了整容手术。(look one’s best, regardless) 译: 2. 我认为讨论这些离奇的古老习俗没有任何意义。(point) 译: 3. 尽管他想尽一切办法去弥补,公司还是遭受了巨大的损失。(length) 译: 4. 很多家长过于强调考试成绩了。(emphasis) 译: 5. 从他的话判断,他一定受了很多苦。(judge) 译: 第2期 1. 尽管你不是俱乐部的成员,但你是来去自由的。(free to do sth.) 译: 2. 为了减肥而节食对你来说是不明智的。(lose weight) 译: 3. 老师向我们推荐海伦·凯勒写的那本书。(recommend) 译: 4. 农夫真地过去同情那条蛇了,结果被蛇咬了。(overdo) 译: 5. 你能把近来经济形势概括一下吗?(sum up) 译: 第3期 1. 译: 2. 译: 3. 译: 4. 译: 5. 译:

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闸北区 2013 届高二年级全区统测·牛津高二(下)前 3 章教案学案(上大市北颜)
第4期 1. 译: 2. 译: 3. 译: 4. 译: 5. 译: 第5期 1. 译: 2. 译: 3. 译: 4. 译: 5. 译: 第6期 1. 译: 2. 译: 3. 译: 4. 译: 5. 译:

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闸北区 2013 届高二年级全区统测·牛津高二(下)前 3 章教案学案(上大市北颜)
第7期 1. 译: 2. 译: 3. 译: 4. 译: 5. 译: 第8期 1. 译: 2. 译: 3. 译: 4. 译: 5. 译: 第9期 1. 译: 2. 译: 3. 译: 4. 译: 5. 译:

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闸北区 2013 届高二年级全区统测·牛津高二(下)前 3 章教案学案(上大市北颜) 五、 “新东方阅读笔记”整理版

新东方阅读技巧
上大市北颜
一. 英语阅读的基本情况: 1. 重要性: “英语成败在于阅读” 2. 题型:见九大题型解题思路详解 3. 文章特点:三个特色。具体为: ⑴在内容上,分为三大类别: ① 科学即自然科学:出题不多,主要涉及医学、生物学,科学史等 ② 社会科学:强调时效性 ③ 人文科学:出题不多,主要涉及文学评论、杂文、散文、essay 等 从历年真题上看,出题以社会科学为主,特别强调时效性 社会科学涉及的领域:经济学、心理学、教育学、传播学等 一定不涉及的领域:政治科学、国际政治 ⑵在题材上,大纲要求四类文章:议论文、说明文、记叙文、应用文 从历年真题上看,出题以议论文和说明文为主 说明文:主要是科学类文章,要求抓住说明对象 议论文:主要是以第一人称议论,要求抓住作者观点 ⑶在语言文化上,以美国英语和文化为主 4. 大纲对于阅读理解的基本要求 ⑴ 阅读速度:每分钟 60 个英文单词(要求进行 close reading——精细阅读) ⑵ 理解文章主旨要意 ⑶ 理解文章具体信息(要求理解长难句) ⑷ 理解文章的概念性含义(concept) ⑸ 能进行相关的判断、推理和引申(imply infer 推理题的答案为原文概念的转述) ⑹ 能根据上下文推测生词的词意 ⑺ 理解文章的总体结构 ⑻ 理解作者的意图、观点和态度 ⑼ 能够区分论点和论据

整理

2012.2

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闸北区 2013 届高二年级全区统测·牛津高二(下)前 3 章教案学案(上大市北颜)
二. 英语阅读的整体解题思路:三步走 1. 第一步:通读全文,抓住中心。 (不推荐采用先看题目后读文章的做法) 在此过程中,注意把握三个阅读原则: ⑴原则一:1∶1 原则(通读时间与做题时间对等) ⑵原则二:首段原则(不要怕重复和回读)首段的作用:①中心段 ②抛砖引玉 ⑶原则三:首末句原则,即除首段和末段,其余各段首末句一定要读懂,其他各句正常阅读 2. 第二步:仔细审题,返回原文。 3. 第三步:重叠选项,得出答案。 具体来讲,可以设原文意思为 A,选项意思为 B ①若 A=B,则 B 为正确答案; ②若 A、B 不相关,则 B 不为正确答案,即原文没有提到的,一定不是答案; ③若 B 为 A 的反面,即 B 与 A 矛盾,则 B 不为正确答案; ④若 A 的内容包含 B,则 B 为正确答案; ⑤若 B 的内容包含 A,则 B 不为正确答案,属于扩大范围的错误; ⑥若 A、B 有交集不重叠,则 B 不为正确答案。 必须记住:选一个选项应有选的理由,不选一个选项也应有不选的理由。

三. 宏观阅读技巧: 1. 一种文章模式:花开两朵,各表一枝。即在文章开始提出两个核心概念,随后分段论述。 这种文章关键是两个概念的定义,以及它们的区别和联系。 2. 一种文章模式:出现独句段,即一个句子单独成段。特别是当其出现在文章最开始或结 束的时候,它一般是文章的中心思想。 3. 一种文章模式:层层递进。文章整体或几个段落论述的问题有从抽象到具体、从初级到 高级、从简单到复杂的过程,且各段开始都出现递进词。这种文章的中心或几段的核心观点 必然出现在层层递进各段的最后一段。 4. 一种文章模式:问题答案型(question-answer) 。文章第一段中出现一个问题,在随后 各段提供该问题的答案。这种文章的中心就是该问题最直接最主要的答案。 5. 时文的特点:⑴耸人听闻,吸引眼球 ⑵貌似客观 ⑶抛砖引玉 一般来说,时文的中心会出现在首段的最后一句话或第二段的首句。

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闸北区 2013 届高二年级全区统测·牛津高二(下)前 3 章教案学案(上大市北颜)
四. 微观阅读技巧: 1. 句子中的标点符号的作用: ⑴ 句号:用来分割句子,连接前后两个简单句。 ⑵ 逗号:两个逗号之间或一个逗号之后,是一个补充说明成分,可以先不看。 ⑶ 冒号:冒号前后是从抽象到具体的过程,后面进一步具体说明前面的内容。 ⑷ 分号:分号前后是并列关系。包括结构上并列和语义上并列两种。 ⑸ 破折号:两个破折号之间或一个破折号之后,是补充说明成分,可以先不看。 ⑹ 引号:一种是引用别人观点,其作用要么是作为支持的观点,要么作为批判的对象;另 一种是说反话,表示反语。 ⑺ 括号:括号内的内容起补充说明或解释词义的作用。

2. 长难句解析方法:先抓主干,找出复杂句最核心的成分,再层层扩展。 新东方的阅读长难句的剥洋葱法,非常实用 (1) 先判断句中有几个洋葱。方法(看句中有几个 and, or, but, yet....) (2) 对每一个洋葱进行剥皮。第一层为核心主谓宾,第二层为各个语法现象 (3) 把每一层分别翻译成中文 (4) 用设问的方式,把每一层链接起来,在剥皮处设问

3. 类比关系: ⑴ 可以把类比看作特殊的例证 ⑵ 识别一下,作者把什么比喻成了什么

4. 常见的长难句种的基本语法结构: ⑴ 形式主语或宾语 ⑵ 强调结构 ⑶ 非限定性定语从句 ⑷ 同位语从句 ⑸ 倒装结构 ⑹ 虚拟语气 ⑺ 省略
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5. 虚拟语气:表达一种反事实假设。 例如:If you were/had come here yesterday, you would have seen that famous professor. 作者用虚拟语气一般表示建议、态度和观点。

五. 九大题型解题思路详解: 1. 细节事实题: ⑴ 标志: ①题干中明确提到的时间、地点、人物等细节信息 ②针对文章中的一句或几句发问 ③题干和选项之间是因果关系

⑵ 做题的关键在于:返回原文 ①根据题干中的时间、地点、人物返回原文 ②根据出题顺序返回原文(60%的准度) ③根据题干的重点词或其同义词返回原文(如名词、动词、形容词,70%准确度) ④找原文中的难句定位,一般来说,难句都是出题点。

⑶ 迷惑人的手段: ①单词替换 ②颠倒因果 ③扩大范围 ④常识判断

2. 例证题: ⑴ 标志:case example illustration demonstration exemplify demonstrate illustrate ⑵ 做题的关键在于:是否能找到例子支持的论点,而不在于能否看懂例子 ⑶ 做题的步骤: ①首先返回原文定位该例子 ②然后 80%向上、20%向下搜索该例子支持的论点 ③在四个选项中寻找与找到的论点表达最一致、意思最接近的一个才是正确答案
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3. 词汇题: ⑴ 标志:在题干中明确指出原文中某处的单词或词组,要求辨别其意思 ⑵ 做题的关键在于:该单词本身并不重要,重要的是该单词的上下文 ⑶ 如果该单词认识,并不超出大纲,则其字面意思必然不是正确答案,其正确答案是根据 上下文推测的一个更加深刻的含义 ⑷ 做题的方法:可以使用两种方法从上下文进行推理: ①代入替换法 ②在上下文中寻找同词性的词或词组

4. 句子理解题: ⑴ 标志:在题干中明确指出原文中的一句话,要求理解其意思 ⑵ 做题的关键在于:返回原文对出题的句子进行语法解析,要精确理解其涵义 ⑶ 做此类题目时重要的并不是上下文,而是句子本身 ⑷ 正确答案与原句之间是一种同义关系,其中没有任何推理过程

5. 指代题: ⑴ 标志:在题干中明确指出原文中某处的指代词,要求辨别其指代关系。 常考的指代词有:it / that / one ⑵ 做题的步骤: ①首先返回原文定位该指代词, 并且 90%向上、 10%向下搜索其指代的词、 词组或句子; ②然后在四个选项中找出与找到的词、 词组或句子意思最接近的一个作为答案

6. 推理题: ⑴ 标志:关键词:infer imply ⑵ 整体思路: ①绝大多数推理题是原文意思的同义表达,正确答案与原文之间一般没有任何的推理关系 ②做题时可以寻找四个选项中三错一对的关系 ⑶ 如果四个选项中有两个或两个以上的选项都是成立的推理步骤, 那么与原文意思最接近、 所用推理最少的选项即是正确答案

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7. 作者态度题: ⑴ 标志:关键词:attitude believe deem consider regard ⑵ 作者态度只分为三大类: ①支持、赞同、乐观 ②客观、中立 ③反对、批评、怀疑、悲观 除此之外,没有其他的作者态度!

⑶ 有些选项是固定不能作为正确答案的:indifferent subjective biased puzzling ⑷ 识别作者态度有以下方法: ①找文中带有感情色彩的名次、动词、形容词、副词 ②根据作者举的例子判断

8. 判断题: ⑴ 标志: ①which of the following statement is not ture/correct/mentioned? ②All of the following statements are ture /correct/mentioned except? ⑵ 整体思路: ①首先应判断是三错一对还是三对一错 所谓“对”是指符合原文 所谓“错”是指和原文有矛盾,或原文未提及 ②每一个选项都应力争返回原文,不能通过印象进行判断 ⑶ 特别关注: ①转折处 ②最高级 ③感情色彩的词(褒贬含义)

9. 主旨题: ⑴ 标志:best title main idea main problem conclusion ⑵ 整体思路:利用宏观阅读技巧做主旨题 ⑶ 特别要小心首段、末段陷阱 ⑷ 做题的方法:快速作文法:依据选项、快速作文、与原文核对
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闸北区 2013 届高二年级全区统测·牛津高二(下)前 3 章教案学案(上大市北颜)
六. 复习策略和方法: 1. 精读真题:要求做到 标准一:真题中没有任何一个单词是生词 标准二:真题中没有任何一个长句是难句 标准三:真题中每个选项都知道其在原文中的相应出处

复习方法: ⑴ 朗读和背诵 ⑵ 制作三套卡片: ①单词:正面单词,背面音标及意思 ②长难句:正面原句,背面翻译 ③精彩表达的积累,用于写作

2. 快速重复背单词:强调背诵的“快”和“重复” ⑴ 要降低一次背诵的期望值,重复是解决遗忘的最好办法 ⑵ 背单词不要利用黄金时间和整块时间

3. 定量定范围泛读 ⑴ 推荐刊物: ①《China Daily》主要看的版面:business,world, economy, culture, opinion ②《21st Century》 ③《英语世界》 《新东方英语》 《经济学家(economist)》 《US news and world reports》 ⑵推荐小说:可以看看海明威的作品

4. 做少量模拟题 ⑴ 验证自己在真题中形成的解题思路 ⑵ 扩大阅读范围

注意:一定要做错误分析!

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