当前位置:首页 >> 农林牧渔 >>

朱顶红的养殖资料


1

(subclass Monocotyledonae) (Amaryllidaceae) (Hippeastrum) (Tunicated bulb) 50-60 1 2

2

Amaryllis
1. 2.

3. 4. 5. 6.

,

/>Red Lion

3

Amaryllis

4

Amaryllis
1.

(2007.04)

2.

2001

3.

5

Amarylis

(2n=22)

H. reginae

H. psittacinum

H. reticulatum

H. aulicum

H. vittatum

H. striatum

H. puniceum
6

Worsleva rayneri Brazilian blue amaryllis

Rhodophidla(

)

Sprekelia formosissima Aztec lily

H. angustifolium

H. cybister

7

History of amaryllis breeding
1979 England

Johnsonii

Hippeastrum

johnsonii

H. vittatum

H. reginae (Traub, 1934a)

8

Reginae group

H. vittatum

H. striatum

H. psittacinum

Leopodii group

Large- and very openflowered progeny were developed.

H. leopoii

H. pardinum

9

Vittatum group

The majority originated in France, England.

H. vittatum

Riticulatum group
Were generally smaller in stature than other hybrids, evergreen, and featured a white or yellowish stripe down the midrib of the leaf H. riticulatun var. striatifolium
H. riticulatun var. striatifolium 10

American: the late nineteenth to early twentieth centuries (Reginae, Leopodii)
– Faded due to disease, competition, and failures in quality control, much of this germplasm was lost.

Europe: declined—the two world wars

11

Netherland—today is the center of modern amaryllis production and breeding.
– Large-flowered Ludwig cultivars
Ludwig cultivars

--Gracilis dwarf, multiflora types
Gracilis cultivars

White Christmas Apple Blossom Gracilis
12

South Africa has also become an important breeding center and exporter of amaryllis.

Hadeco group (Barnhoorn, 1991)
13

The breeding objectives
1.Flower form (trumpet or long -tubed perianth, novel pigmentation patterns) (yellow, blue and purple system) 2.Reintroduction of fragrance 3.Evergreen foliage 4.Repeat bloom 5.More strictly cultural criteria (resistance to hippeastrum mosaic virus and red scorch) 6.Tolerant cold temperature

14

breeding and ploidy level
The majority of Hippeastrum species are diploid, with a somatic chromosome number of 2n=22.

Virtually all the complex hybrid materials presently in cultivation are tetraploid.

a few species of Hippeastrum have been reported with higher ploidy levels than 4n.

15

The concertration of recent commerical breeding efforts among the various populations of tetraploids may exist for several reason:
1.Desirable characteristics of flower size, scape number, and plant vigor are already stabilize in the hybrid races.

2.Sterile triploid progeny result when diploid species are crossed with tetraploid hybrids.

3.Many of the diploid species are not readily available.

4.self-incompatibility, which occurs in most diploid species and diploid hybrids, generally breaks down in the tetraploid hybrid.
16

( 1 2 3 4

) novel trait 18 F1

1

2 Leopoldii group
17

10

2n=2x=22

2n=4x=44

0x

1x

2x

2x

4x

0x

3x

1x

3x

4x

18

1.

diploid X tetraploid

Sterile (selfed and crossed)

2.Triploid X diploid

embryo rescue

3.Triploid X tetraploid perhaps due to some degree of random assortment of the third set of chromosomes during gamete formation

19

(
1.Readily self-pollinated 2.Intercrossed

)

3.Easiest breeding program This has largely been the source of today 's commercial amaryllis cultivars.

20

Lesser known species and species groups useful for breeding prograns
Hippeastrum papilio 1.1970 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. F1 7. F1 4-5 ( 20

F1 papilio )

21

Lesser known species and species groups useful for breeding prograns
Trumpet-flowered White Species 1. 2-4 2. 3. H. brasilianum 4. H. fragrantissinum 5. H. solandriflorum
H. brasilianum

H. candidum

H. fragrantissinum

H. candidum

H. solandriflorum
22

Lesser known species and species groups useful for breeding prograns
H. reticulatum var. striatifolium

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 3 ( 8. 9.
H. reticulatum var. striatifolium

(

)

1 )

23

Lesser known species and species groups useful for breeding prograns
breeding for yellow amaryllis

H. evansiae(

)

H. parodii(

)

Lemon Lime

1. 2.

H. evansiae

H. aglaiae(

)

Germa
24

Lesser known species and species groups useful for breeding prograns
Spider- or Orchid-flowered Species ( )

1. 2. H. cybister 3. H. angustifolium
H. cybister( )

4.

H. angustifolium(

)

25

Lesser known species and species groups useful for breeding prograns
Spider- or Orchid-flowered Species ( )

1. 2. H. cybister 3. H. angustifolium
H. cybister( )

4.

H. angustifolium(

)

26

Lesser known species and species groups useful for breeding prograns
Species with High Flower Number H. angustifolium, H. breviflorum, H. cybister, H. foster, H. reticulatum
H. angustifolium( )

H. reticulatum

6-9

H. cybister(

)

27

Lesser known species and species groups useful for breeding prograns
Smaller-statured Species ( )

1. Gracilis group H. striatum

2.
H. striatum(2n=4x)

H. petiolatum H. striatum

Gracilis group 3. H. reticulatum, H. espiritense

H. petiolatum(2n=4x)

28

Breeding for Specific Traits
color and pigmentation patterns

1.

2.

3.

4.

29

Breeding for Specific Traits
fragrance

1. 2. 3. F1 4. 5.

30

Breeding for Specific Traits
double flowers 1. form 2. 3. Double Picotee, Lady Jane, Pasadena H. puniceum

H. puniceum

4.

Lady Jane

Double Picotee

MILLENIUM STAR
31

Breeding for Specific Traits
resistance to disease

1.

amaryllis mosaic virus red scorch, Stagonospora curtisii H. papilio, H. reticulatum

2.

3.

32

Hybridization Mechanics
1. 2. (anther sacs) 10 50 75 (protandrous) 50 4-10 2-3 ( 4. 5. 75-80 3mm 6. 7. 2 4-6 2-3
33

3. 3-7 ( ) 3-5 24-30 50

)

Hybridization Mechanics

34

(

2004)

35

Hippeastrum equestre 1911

Hippeastrum reginae 1911

Hippeastrum reticulatum 1911

36

Hippeastrum vittatum 1911

1972

Hippeastrum gracile 1955

Hippeastrum hybridum 1967

1960

37

90 -----96 ----

--

--

38

39

Evaluating Hybrid Prpgeny 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

40

Breeding after the F1 generation at the diploid level
1. F2 F1 F1 F1

2. A F1 F2 C B

A B D F1

C D F2 F2

F1

3. 4.

F1 F2
41

Vegetative propagation of selected clones
Propagation by the twin-scale method 1. 2. 3. ( 4~16 )

4. 5. 6. 30 7.2~3

10~20 1 80 24-27 1 21

42

Vegetative propagation of selected clones
Propagation by the twin-scale method

(

2004)

43

Vegetative propagation of selected clones
Propagation by the twin-scale method

(

2004)

44

Vegetative propagation of selected clones
Propagation by the twin-scale method

(

2004)
45

Vegetative propagation of selected clones
Tissue culture (micropropagetion) ( 1. 1999)

(Hippeastrum hybridum Hort) ( 20-26cm) 2% Clorox( ) 'Apple Blossom' 20 0% 'Best Seller' 'Red Lion' 3% Clorox 30 30% 2. 3. 'Red Lion' MS 4. 60-80g/l 5. 'Apple Blossom' 'Red Lion'
46

1/4MS 30-40g/l

Vegetative propagation of selected clones
Tissue culture (micropropagetion) -6. 'Red Lion' 2mg/ l BA ( 1999)

2mg/l BA 0.75mg/l 2,4-D kinetin 0.25-2mg/l kinetin 0.1 1mg/l BA

7.

TDZ( TDZ

)

NAA 0.5-1.5mg/l

-1

-1 (380cm3) -1 (150cm3)

-2 (120cm3) -2

47

Vegetative propagation of selected clones
Induction of polyploidy and mutations

1.3 to 4 days after germination 0.05% aqueous solution of colchicine mixed with 7g/L agar 24 hours induced tetraploids, unstable 2. 0.001% Herbacide oryzalin ( ingredient twin-scale explants (Nerine) )

48

The end .
Thanks for your attention.

Piet Mondrian,1910
49

相关文章:
朱顶红养殖管理办法
朱顶红养殖管理办法_农林牧渔_专业资料 暂无评价|0人阅读|0次下载|举报文档 朱顶红养殖管理办法_农林牧渔_专业资料朱顶红养殖管理...
长寿、朱顶红养护经验(转载)
长寿、朱顶红养护经验(转载)_农学_农林牧渔_专业资料 暂无评价|0人阅读|0次下载|举报文档长寿、朱顶红养护经验(转载)_农学_农林牧渔_专业资料。2013 年 7 月...
朱顶红图鉴大全
朱顶红图鉴大全_林学_农林牧渔_专业资料朱顶红图鉴大全(不断更新) 来源:www...朱顶红养殖管理办法 11页 免费 朱顶红 12页 免费 朱顶红介绍 暂无评价 13页 ...
朱顶红图鉴
朱顶红图鉴_林学_农林牧渔_专业资料。荷兰名花朱 顶红朱顶红图鉴 Abba 阿巴 Alfresco Allure 诱惑 Amalfi 阿玛尔菲 Ambiance 环境 阿弗雷 Amico 埃美柯 Amigo 朋友...
朱顶红
朱顶红_专业资料。龙源期刊网 http://www.qikan.com.cn 朱顶红 作者:雪蓉花...朱顶红养护 591人阅读 7页 免费 朱顶红图片 157人阅读 8页 免费 朱顶红特性...
朱顶红如何播种
朱顶红如何播种_农学_农林牧渔_专业资料朱顶红是很容易结实,花期的时候可行...小 苗移栽后也要注意养护,照顾的好,一般在 3-4 年就可以开出美丽而 艳丽的...
朱顶红的养殖方法
朱顶红的养殖方法朱顶红的养殖方法相对君子兰要好养护一些, 非常适合家庭栽培养殖...朱顶红的养殖资料 49页 免费 西洋参的养殖方法 5页 免费 朱顶红养殖管理办法 ...
关于花的资料
。 关于花的资料,板报用 一、中国十大传统名花 1、 2、 3、 4、 5、 6...18.朱顶红,又名柱顶红、孤挺花。石蒜科,鳞茎有毒。 19.水仙。石蒜科,水仙...
花的资料
花的资料_生物学_自然科学_专业资料。花的种类,花的名称,花的颜色,花的英文名称...朱顶红 常夏石竹 玉簪 紫罗兰 仙人球 芦荟 藿 香蓟 熏衣草 风信子 石斛兰 ...
花卉养殖
花卉养殖_林学_农林牧渔_专业资料。1、 芦荟是最好养的植物,干了浇点水,这...朱顶红比较喜欢温暖、湿润、的地方。它 不喜欢高温,也不喜欢耐寒的地方,它的...
更多相关标签:
朱顶红的养殖方法 | 进口朱顶红的养殖方法 | 朱顶红的养殖方法视频 | 洋朱顶红的养殖方法 | 朱顶红的养殖 | 重瓣朱顶红的养殖方法 | 朱顶红图片和养殖方法 | 荷兰朱顶红养殖方法 |