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高二英语学考名词性从句课件


学习目标
1.掌握名词性从句的概念,分类 及引导词 2. 掌握名词性从句解题技巧 3.把握学考关于名词性从句的动 态

1.名词性从句定义
从句在句中起名词的作用,称之为名词性 从句

名词性从句分类
主语从句 宾语从句 表语从句 同位语从句

名词性从句引导词
分类 从属

连词 词形 that 词义 作从句中的成分

whether/ if
连接代词 who(ever) whom(ever) whose which(ever) what(ever) 连接副词 when(ever) where(ever) why how(ever)

是否 (无论)谁(主格) 主语,宾语,表语

(无论)谁(宾格)
谁的(宾格) (无论)哪一个 (无论)什么 (无论)什么时间 (无论)什么地方 为什么 (无论)怎样,如何

宾语
定语 主,宾,表,定 主,宾,表,定 状语 状语 状语 状语

如何判断名词性从句?

看从句的位置(从句充当什么成分就叫什么从句) ①(一般)位于句首,为
主语从句 宾语从句 表语从句

②位于行为动词或介词后,为
③位于系动词(be动词)后,为

④位于news, fact 等词后,并且从句是对前面名 词的解释,为 同位语从句

1.Don’t always believe him. Sometimes ______ he does is quite different from what he says.(09年学考真题) A. what B. that C. how D. who 2.__ we’ll go for a summer camp at the seaside hasn’t been decided yet. (2010年) A Who B Why C Whether D What

3.I hope _____ every one of us will be OK in the exam.(2011年) A whose B whether C what D that 4.The news _____ a storm was coming shocked everyone in the village . (2012年) A. where B. that C. when D. what

5.____ you said just now has really hurt my feelings.(2013年) A. That B. Why C. When D. What

解题技巧(如何选择引导词) ? ?判断考查什么从句 ? ?分析从句缺什么成分,从句缺主、 宾、表,选连接代词,不缺用从属连 词或连接副词,再检验句子意思。 ? ③ 有-ever时,优先考虑 ? who>whom ? ④ whether > if ? whether…or (not) ? doubt whether ? there is no doubt that
?

1. ________ the boy didn't take medicine made his mother angry. A. That B. What C. How D. Which 2.____ you said just now has really hurt my feelings. A. That B. Why C. When D. What

? ? ?

? ? ? ? ? ?

解题技巧(如何选择引导词) ?判断考查什么从句 ?分析从句缺什么成分,从句缺主、 宾、表,选连接代词,不缺用从属连 词或连接副词,再检验句子意思。 ③ 有-ever时,优先考虑 who>whom ④ whether > if whether…or (not) doubt whether there is no doubt that

You can choose ________ book you like among these. A. no matter what B. whatever C. no matter which D. whichever

? ? ?

? ? ? ? ? ?

解题技巧(如何选择引导词) ?判断考查什么从句 ?分析从句缺什么成分,从句缺主、 宾、表,选连接代词,不缺用从属连 词或连接副词,再检验句子意思。 ③ 有-ever时,优先考虑 who>whom ④ whether > if whether…or (not) doubt whether there is no doubt that

1. I don’t care _____ he will come or not. A. what B. that C. if D. whether 2. There is no doubt _____ he will come tomorrow. A. if B. that C. whether D. what 3. What I want to know is ______ she will come tomorrow. A. what B. if C. whether D. that

?

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?

? ? ?

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解题技巧(如何选择引导词) ?判断考查什么从句 ?分析从句缺什么成分,从句缺主、宾、表, 选连接代词,不缺用从属连词或连接副词, 再检验句子意思。 ③ 有-ever时,优先考虑 who>whom ④ whether > if whether…or (not) doubt whether there is no doubt that

? 学考要点:主语从句放在句首
? 1.____caused the accident is still a complete mystery. A. What B. That C. How D. Where ? 2.____he does has nothing to do with me. A. Whatever B. No matter what ? C. That D. If ? 3.____has passed the test will get a prize . A. Whoever B. No mater who ? C. Whomever D. Who

? 学考要点:宾语从句放在行为动词 后或者介词后
? 1. I don’t know ___ the girl is talking about. A. that B. what C. why D. whether ? 2. Can you tell me ___ is going to give us a talk next Monday . A, who B. whom C. whose D. what ? 3. I want to know ______ she will come tomorrow? A. what B. where C, whether D. that

? 学考考点:表语从句放在be动词后
? 1.That is _______ he likes the place so much. A. that B. what C. why D. how ? 2.That is ______ Lu Xun once lived. A. what B. where C. that D. why ? 3. That’s _____ we should do. A. that B. what C. how D. why

? 学考要点:同位语从句说明其前面的 名词的具体内容。同位语从句通常由 that引导,可用于同位语从句的名词 在学考中常见的有:fact(事实)、 news(消息)、promise(诺言)、 truth(真理)、word(消息)等。

? 1.We heard the news _____ our team had won. ? A. that B. what C. whether D. why ? 2.The fact___ he didn’t see Tom yesterday is true. ? A. what B. which C. when D. that ? 3.We all know the truth ____ the moon moves around the earth. ? A. that B. if C. what D. where

? 1. What I want to know is ______ he likes the gift given by us. A. that B. if C. whether D.不填 ? 2. We all know the fact_______he is an orphan. A. what B. which C. when D. that

? 3.I think________he is a clever boy. A. that B. who C. which D. what ? 4.______ I am most interested in is English. A. That B. What C. What D. That

? 5.It has not been decided ___ they will leave for New York. A. when B why C that D what ? 6.I don't doubt ________ he'll come back tomorrow. ? A. that B. if C. what D. whether

? 7.I doubt____________he'll come back tomorrow. A. that B. which C. what D. whether ? 8.——Do you remember_________ he came? ——Yes, I do. He came by train. A.how B.when C.where D.that

1.Don’t always believe him. Sometimes ______ he does is quite different from what he says. (09年学考真题) A. what B. that C. how D. who 2.__ we‘ll go for a summer camp at the seaside hasn’t been decided yet. (2010年) A Who B Why C Whether D What

3.I hope _____ every one of us will be OK in the exam.(2011年) A whose B whether C what D that 4.The news _____ a storm was coming shocked everyone in the village . (2012年) A. where B. that C. when D. what

5.____ you said just now has really hurt my feelings.(2013年) A. That B. Why C. When D. What


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