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高中英语必修1 Unit2 Reading教案


Unit 2 English around the world:Reading ——The Road to modern English 教案 课时:一课时 课型:讲授课 一、教材分析与学生分析 本单元的中心话题是“世界英语” ,具体涉及“英语在当今世界范围内人们生活中扮演 的不同角色及其重要意义,以及英美语言的差异” 。本课的语言知识及语言技能主要是围绕 “世界英语” 这一中心

话题进行设计的。 Reading 部分 The Road to Modern English 简要说 明了英语语言的起源、发展变化、形成原因,以及它的发展趋势。 二、教学目标: 1 知识目标: 了解英语在世界上的发展状况,认识各种各样带有民族、地域特色的英语;对英国英语和美 国英语的差异有所了解, 尤其是一些常用词汇, 比如 flat 和 apartment, lift 和 elevator, rubber 和 eraser 等; 掌握本课中出现的词汇、 短语的用法; 学会语言交际困难的表达法, 如 pardon, I beg your pardon?; 掌握祈使句及其间接引语的表达法。 2 能力目标: 训练学生的阅读技巧(略读、寻读等) ,形成用英语获取信息、处理分析信息的能力。并鼓 励学生开口说英语。 3 情感态度目标: ①了解英国英语和美国英语的区别,通过学习激发学生对英语学习的浓厚兴趣; ②使学生在领会语言丰富多彩性的同时更加热爱自己的祖国, 从而培养他们的祖国意识。 培 养他们的跨国文化意识和世界意识。 ③通过对课文学习的小组讨论等形式,帮助学生养成团结、协作的品质。 三、教学重点和难点: 重点: 1) 、让学生熟悉与本话题相关的一些重点单词、短语。 2) 、发展学生的阅读能力,尤其是归纳总结,猜词和查读(scanning)的能力。 3) 、使学生通过交际性任务和合作的机会,培养他们用谚语思维和交际的能力。 难点: Expressing one’s idea on which kind of English one should learn; guess the name of speaker’s country by listening; how to tell the differences between a command and a request; how to change the pronoun when turning the direct speech into indirect speech. 四、教学过程 (一) 导入:首先在学生对英语是世界上最广泛使用的语言和越来越多的人在学习英语现有 情况了解的基础上,引出问题: “Do you know how many countries use English as their mother tongue? Do you know something about English around the world?” 在学生思索时,引出课题 English around the world。接着再询问学生: What language has the largest number of speakers in the world? What language is the most widely spoken and used in the world? How many countries do you know use English as their mother tongue? (二) Pre-reading (读前准备) : 在学生回答了以上问题后,我让学生看这一部分课本上所设的两个问题: 1) How many languages do you speak? Which is your native language? 2) If you speak more than one language, in what situation do you use the languages? (三) Reading: 使学生了解英语在当今世界范围内人们生活中扮演的不同角色及其重要意义。
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任务 1:Listen to the tape ,听录音,然后让学生尽力得出大意并且回答问题 1. How many countries are there where the majority of people speak English? 2. How is English used in Hong Kong? 3. What language should we use on the Internet so that we can communicate with people around t he world? 任务 2:让学生带着问题阅读课文(scanning) 。有目的性阅读是阅读训练一种技巧,并且提 醒学生不用太多花大多注意力在地名和新单词上面, 集中精力探究文章内容。 概括每段段落 大意。 Paragraph 1: The spread of the English language in the world Paragraph 2: Native speaker can understand each other but they may not be able to understand everything. Paragraph 3: All languages change when cultures communicate with one another. Paragraph 4: English is spoken as a foreign language or second language in Africa and Asia. 任务 3:根据课文内容,判断句子对与错。 1、There are more than 42 countries where the majority of the people speak English in the world. 2、There are more than 37,500,000 people who learn English as a second language. 3、New Zealand, South Africa, the Republic of Ireland and the Philippines use English as their mother tongue. 4、More than 750,000,000 people learn English as a foreign language. 5.English is the only one working language of most international organizational trade and tourism. 任务 4:根据课文内容,完成以下五道阅读理解题。 1、 According to the text, which is TRUE about those who use English as a second language? A. English is also their mother tongue. B. They use more than two official languages in their country. C. People enjoy talking to their family members at home in their native language. D. They learn English at high school for about five years. 2、 What’s the situation of English used in China? A. Most Chinese students learn English at school as a foreign language. B. All Chinese students speak English as a foreign language. C. The majority of Chinese students speak English at school as a second language. D. The majority of people in Hong Kong use English as their mother language. 3、 What’s the main idea of the passage? A. There are more than 42 countries where the majority of the people speak English in the world. B. More than 750 million people learn English as a foreign language. C. English is the language of global culture such as popular music and the Internet. D. English is the language which is the most important and widely used in the world today. 4、 Which is right according to the text? A. Native speakers of English might find it unnecessary for them to learn a foreign language. B. English will be the only English to be used in the future. C. English is the working language of most international organizations, international trade and tourism. D. With the development of China’s economy, Chinese will be more and more important than English. 5、 Which is WRONG to answer the following questions. Why is it becoming more and more
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important to have a good knowledge of English? A. More and more people will become interested in English. B. English is one of the working languages of most international organizations, international trade and tourism. C. We can communicate with people around the world everywhere through the Internet by using English. D. English has developed into the language most widely spoken and used in the world. (四) Post-reading(Group-work) : 任务 5:分小组讨论: 1)Why is it becoming more and more important to have a good knowledge of English? 2)In which countries do we find most native speakers of English? Give the names of three counties. 3) Living in China you can use English every day in different situations. Give two examples. 给学生五分钟的时间分组讨论,然后让每组的代表给出答案(完成本课教学目标) 。 教师在 布置任务后,应监控各小组的活动,适当的时候可以参与到学生的活动中去。在活动中,教 师多用评价性语言:Marvelous /Excellent /Fantastic /Well done/Great? (五) Summing-up(总结) Through learning this passage, we have got to know that English is becoming more and more popular all over the world now. So English learning seems important to everyone, especially us students of the new century. With China’s entry into WTO, English will play a more important part in business, in tourism, and even in people’s daily life. So it’s no doubt that everyone should have a good knowledge of English. And I hope everyone in our class can make an effort to learn English well. But on the other hand, it doesn’t mean English is better than Chinese. We must keep it in mind that one’s mother tongue is the most beautiful language in the world. The reason why we learn English is that we should thus be more capable of building up our country. (六) 给学生讲解本课的生词。 1. include v. a) contain eg. The price includes both house and furniture. b) embrace thing as part of whole eg. I include him among my friends. 2. present a) adj: being at hand; being now 出席的, 在场的;现在的, 当前的;该词可做前置定语也可做 后置定语,当它做前置定语其义为“现在的” , 做后置定语其义为“出席的” eg. The present members 现在的成员 The members present 在场的成员 b) n: gift eg. He often gave his neighbor's kids little presents. C)vt: to offer 赠送,呈献[(+to/with)] eg. They presented him with a bunch of flowers. 3. culture n: [C][U] understanding of literature, art, music, etc eg. He has studied the cultures of many western countries. 4.identity n: who or what a person or thing is eg. You should show your identity card before you enter it.
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5.rule a) n:custom or statement about what must not be done eg. He’s made it a rule to rise early. It’s against the rules of the school to smoke. b) vt: to govern or control c) eg. The queen ruled her country for 20 years. 6. Request a)vt: to ask for eg. They requested financial support. 注意:这个词所接的宾语从句要用虚拟语气 I requested that he (should) come an hour earlier. b)n: asking or being asked eg. Mr. Paine made a request that I should help him. 7.command a) vt: give orders to eg. I command you to start at once. 注意:这个词所接的宾语从句要用虚拟语气 I command that you (should) start at once. b) n: order eg. The army received the command to fire. 8.Actually adv eg. She looks young, but she's actually 50. Did you actually see him break the window? 9.International adj: of relating to or involving two or more countries in the world 国际的 eg. They are dealing with the international affairs. Many African countries received international help. 10.modern adj: recent eg. This is a book of modern history. There is a modern hospital. 11. vocabulary n: all the words of language eg. Wide reading will increase your vocabulary. My English vocabulary is limited. 12.rapidly adv: quickly eg. Our country develops rapidly. The number of learning English is increasing rapidly. 13.retell v: tell something once more eg. Can you retell the story in your own word? The teacher asked you to retell it. 14.recognize v: to identify from previous experience eg. He looked at the envelope and recognized Jenny's handwriting immediately. The policeman recognized her as a thief. 15. government n: group which govern a country or a certain area eg. The government will decide the matter. The government is discussing the problem. Useful expressions 1.play a part/ role in: to act or to be involved in an activity eg. He has played an important part in carrying out the whole plan.
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English plays an important role in international communication. 2. because of:by reason of sb or sth eg. Because of the storm he didn't go there. because of 与 because 的区别,前者后接名词或代词,后者接句子 eg. He didn’t go to school because he was ill. He didn’t go to school because of his illness. 3.come up eg. She came up and said, "Glad to meet you." The moon came up gradually. I'll let him know if anything comes up. 4. such as: like; for example eg. I like drinks such as tea and coffee. such as 与 for example 的区别,前者用来罗列事物或人后者用来举例说明 eg. English is also spoken in many places, such as Africa and Asia. For example, Tom has the same opinion. (七) 布置作业 1、课后熟读课文; 2、完成 Post-reading Ex.2。 课后反思:本课是阅读课。英语阅读教学是高中教学的重中之重。许多英语教师对阅读训练 也给予了足够的重视, 但是在训练方式上却存在较多的问题。 多数教师过分注重语法结构的 分析和句子的机械翻译而忽视技巧培养。 只有在阅读教学中教给学生一些学习策略, 培养阅 读技巧, 才能让学生有可能通过课外自学来扩大知识的摄取量, 从而弥补课堂英语阅读教学 的不足。由于时间仓促以及学生口语水平的局限,本课时在学生让学生讨论的环节上,气氛 不够热烈,讨论时间不足,今后应尽量鼓励学生多开口说英语,以弥补这方面的缺陷。

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