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[精题分解]阅读理解分类汇编(1)(复习类)2012届


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[精题分解]阅读理解分类汇编(1) (复习类)2012 届
安徽省望江县 11-12 学年上学期高三第二次月考(英语) 第三部分 阅读理解(共 20 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 40 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出最

佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂 黑。 A How Much to Tip You‘re out to dinner. The food is delicious and the service is fine. You decide to leave a big fat tip. Why? The answer may not be as simple as you think. Tipping, psychologists have found, is not just about service. Instead, studies have shown that tipping can be affected by psychological reactions to a series of different factors from the waiter‘s choice of words, to how they carry themselves while taking orders, to the bill‘s total. Even how much waiters remind customers of themselves can determine how much change they pocket by the end of the night. ―Studies before have shown that mimicry (模仿) brings into positive feelings for the mimicker,‖ wrote Rick van Baaren, a social psychology professor. ―These studies show that people who are being mimicked become more generous toward the person who mimics them.‖ So Rick van Baaren divided 59 waiters into two groups. He requested that half serve with a phrase such as, ―Coming up!‖ Those in the other half were instructed to repeat the orders and preferences back to the customers. Rick van Baaren then compared their take-home. The results were clear — it pays to mimic your customer. The copycat(模仿者) waiters earned almost double the amount of tips to the other group. Leonard Green and Joel Myerson, psychologists at Washington University in St. Louis, found the generosity of a tipper may be limited by his bill. After research on the 1,000 tips left for waiters, cabdrivers, hair stylists, they found tip percentages in these three areas dropped as customers‘ bills went up. In fact, tip percentages appear to plateau (达到稳定水平) when bills topped $100 and a bill for $200 made the worker gain no bigger percentage tip than a bill for $100. ―That‘s also a point of tipping,‖ Green says. ―You have to give a little extra to the cab driver for being there to pick you up and something to the waiter for being there to serve you. If they weren‘t there, you‘d never get any service. So part of the idea of a tip is for just being there.‖ 56. Apart from service, how many other factors affecting the customers‘ tipping are mentioned in the passage? A. 1. B. 2. C. 3.
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D. 4.

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57. These studies show that _________.

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A. tipping can be affected by physical reactions to many different waiter‘s factors B. people who are being mimicked usually tip less to the person who mimics them C. the mimic waiters can get almost twice as much money as the other group D. mimicry makes the mimicker feel bad 58. According to the passage, which of the following will be likely to show the right change of the tip percentages? Tip ($) 30 20 10 30 20 10 Tip ($) 30 20 10 Tip ($) 30 20 10 50 D 100 ($) 150 Bill Tip ($)

50 100 150 Bill 50 100 150 Bill 50 C 100 150 Bill A B ($) ($) ($) 59. We know from the passage that the writer seems to __________. A. object to Mr. Green‘s idea about tipping B. think part of Mr. Green‘s explanation is reasonable C. give his generous tip to waiters very often D. support the opinions of Mr. Green and Rick van Baaren about tipping B

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―BEST PRODUCT WE'VE EVER SEEN‖-THIS REALLY WORKS-ON SALE NOW Need to lower your cholesterol(胆固醇)?We strongly recommend CholestrolblockTM. This really works, and now is the best time to buy,because of a special offer for the first 250 customers only for a limited time. * Takes cholesterol out of food,no matter what you eat. * Clinically demonstrated effective in university and hospital testing. * Lowers cholesterol absorption up to 42% or more. * ―NO SIDE EFFECTS unlike Liptor?, Zocor?,Crests?&other commonly prescribed (处方的) medications-safe and effective. * ―Outsells all other brands on Internet every month. LIMITED TIME ONLY 一 Try Cholesterol Watchers free with purchase.

60. If you happen to be the 200th customer to buy Cholesterolblock, you will A. be able to buy it at a low price C. try it free of charge 61. Liptor?, Zocor?, Crestor? are A. diseases B. side effects . C. medicines B. be the luckiest one online D. change your diet

.

D. cholesterol

62. CholestrolblockTM has the following advantages EXCEPT that _____________________. A. it helps take cholesterol out of whatever food you eat. B. it has been proved useful in hospital testing. C. it helps people absorb at least 42% cholesterol. D. it sells best on Internet every month. 63. Where can you most probably read this passage? A.In a travel guide book. C.In a health magazine. B.On a university bulletin board. D.In a doctor's prescription

C It‘s hard to track the blue whale, which has almost been killed off by commercial whaling. Attaching radio devices to it is difficult and visual sightings are too unreliable to give real insight into its behavior. So biologists were delighted early this year when, with the help of the US Navy, they are able to track a
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particular blue whale for 43 days recording its sounds. This was possible because of the Navy‘s former top secret system of underwater listening devices across the oceans. Tracking whales is but one example of an exciting new world just opening to civilian scientists after the cold war as the Navy starts to share and partly uncover its global network of underwater listening system built over the decades to track the ships of potential enemies. Earth scientists announced at a news conference recently that they had used the system for closely observing a deep-sea volcanic eruption for the first time and that they planned similar studies. Other scientists have proposed to use the network for tracking ocean currents and measuring changes in the ocean and global temperatures. Different layers of ocean water can act as channels for sounds focusing them in the same way a stethoscope(听诊 器) does when it carries faint noises from a patient‘s chest to a doctor‘s ear. This focusing is the main reason that even relatively weak sounds in the ocean, especially low-frequency ones, can often travel thousands of miles. 64. The underwater listening system was originally designed _________________. A. to trace and locate enemy ships B. to observe deep sea volcanic eruptions C. to study the movement of ocean currents D. to replace the global radio communications network 65. The deep-sea listening system makes use of __________________. A. the ability of sound to travel at high speed B. the top-level technology of focusing sounds under water C. the unique characteristic of layers of ocean water in carrying sound D. low-frequency sounds traveling across different layers of water 66. What can we infer from the passage? A. New radio devices are developed for tracking the blue whales. B. Blue whales are no longer endangered with the new system. C. Opinions differ on the use of military technology. D. Military technology has great potential in civilian use. 67. What is the passage chiefly about? A. An effort to protect an endangered marine species. B. The civilian use of a military detection system. C. The exposure of a US Navy top-secret weapon.
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D. A new way to look into the behavior of blue whales. D I needed to buy a digital camera, one that was simply good at taking good snaps (快照), maybe occasionally for magazines. Being the cautious type, I fancied a reliable brand. So I went on the net, spent 15 minutes reading product reviews on good websites, wrote down the names of three top recommendations and headed for my nearest big friendly camera store. There in the cupboard was one of the cameras on my list. And it was on special offer. I pointed at it and asked an assistant, ―Can I have one of those?‖? He looked perturbed (不安). ―Do you want to try it first?‖ he said. It didn‘t quite sound like a question. ―Do I need to?‖ I replied ,―There is nothing wrong with it?‖ This made him look a bit insulted and I started to feel bad. ―No, no. But you should try it,‖ he said encouragingly. ―Compare it with the others. ‖ I looked across at the others: shelves of similar cameras placed along the wall, offering a wide range of slightly different prices and discounts, with each company selling a range of models based around the same basic box. With so many models to choose from, it seemed that I would have to spend hours weighing X against Y, always trying to take Z and possibly H into account at the same time. But when I had finished, I would still have only the same two certainties that I had entered the store with: first, soon after I carried my new camera out of the shop, it would be worth half what I paid for it; and second, my wonderful camera would very quickly be replaced by a new model. But something in the human soul whispers that you can beat these traps by making the right choice, the clever choice, the wise choice. In the end, I agreed to try the model I had chosen. The assistant seemed a sincere man. So I let him take out of my chosen camera from cupboard, show how it took excellent pictures of my fellow shoppers… and when he started to introduce the special features, I interrupted to ask whether I needed to buy a carry-case and a memory card as well. Why do we think that new options still offer us anything new? Perhaps it is because they offer an opportunity to avoid facing the fact that our real choices in this culture are far more limited than we would like to imagine. 68. The shop assistant insisted that the writer should________. A. try the camera to see if there was anything wrong with it. B. compare the camera he had chosen with the others. C. get more information about different companies. D. trust him and stop asking questions.
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69. What does the writer mean by ―it would be worth half what I paid for it ‖(paragraph 2) A. He should get a 50% discount. B. The price of the camera was unreasonably high. C. The quality of the camera was not good. D. The camera would soon fall in value. 70. The writer decided to try the model he had chosen because he________. A. knew very little about it. B. didn‘t trust the shop assistant C. wanted to make sure the one he chose would be the best. D. had a special interest in taking pictures of his fellow shoppers. 71. It can be inferred from the passage that in the writer‘s opinion__________. A. people waste too much money on cameras B. cameras have become an important part of our daily life C. we don‘t actually need so many choices when buying a product D. famous companies care more about profit than quality E Beijing 13, July)China sent up a new data relay satellite, Tianlian I -02, on Monday at the Xichang Satellite ( Launch Centre in South-western Sichuan province.The new satellite will promote the country's satellite communication network for space docking. The satellite was launched on a Long-March-SC carrier rocket at 11:41 p.m., sources at the centre told Xinhua News Agency.The satellite separated from the rocket 26 minutes after its launch and was then successfully delivered into a geostationary transfer orbit. Developed by the China Academy

of Space Technology under the China Aerospace Science and Technology Corporation, the satellite is the country's second data relay satellite.The first, Tianlian I -01, was launched on April 25.2008. The two satellites will form a network to improve communications between China's spacecraft and bases on Earth, according to the centre.They will also be used to help the nation's first space docking, scheduled for the second half of this year. As planned, China will launch space module Tiangong-I, which was designed as a platform that will dock with an unmanned spaceship, Shenzhou, for the county's first space-docking mission this year. Two more Shenzhou spaceships will dock with Tiangong-I next year, and one will be manned by two or three
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astronauts, according to China Manned Space Engineering Office, which was the main user of the Tianlian I series data relay satellites. "The new satellite can cover a greater area to track and command the country's space vehicles in low-Earth orbits, such as manned spacecraft and remote sensing satellites, from a higher position in outer space.Only three satellites of this kind are needed to form a global communication network, and China has two now. Pang Zhihao, " a researcher and deputy editor-in-chief of Space International, said. The satellite could also equip astronauts with real-time communications, which will benefit the country's future manned space flights, he said. 72.What is the main purpose to send up Tianlian I -02 ? A.To test the function of a Long-March-SC carrier rocket. B.To carry some astronauts into space to do some research. C.To send more information and clearer pictures to mobile phones on the earth. D.To promote the country's satellite communication network for space docking' 73.From the passage we know .

A.one more such satellite is needed to form a global communication network B.the satellite was developed by China Manned Space Engineering Office C.it was less than three years since China launched its first date relay satellite of this kind D.the satellite could help track and command space vehicles in orbits because it's lower in position 74.Which of the following is TRUE according to the news report? A.Shenzhou Ⅷis a manned spaceship. B.Tiangong- I will dock with three Shenzhou spaceships next year. C.the satellite is of great importance to China's space exploration. D.china‘s first space docking will be done in the second half of next year. 75.The best title of the passage could be _____. A.China Launched a New Space Shuttle B.China's Plan for Space Exploration C.China‘s Progress in China's Space Exploration D.New Satellite Helps China's Space Exploration 第三部分:阅读理解 56—60 DCCDA 61—65 CCCAC 66—70 DBBDC 71—75 CDACD
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安徽省望江县 11-12 学年上学期高三第一次月考(英语) 第三部分:阅读理解(共20小题,每小题2分,满分40分) 阅读下列短文,从每篇短文后各题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该 项涂黑。 A A new research has uncovered that culture is a determining factor when interpreting facial emotions(情感). The study reveals that in cultures where emotional control is the standard, such as Japan, focus is placed on the eyes to interpret emotions. Whereas in cultures where emotion is openly expressed, such as the United States, the focus is on the mouth to interpret emotion. ―These findings go against the popular theory that the facial expressions of basic emotions can be universally recognized,‖ said University of Alberta researcher Dr. Takahiko Masuda. ―A person‘s culture plays a very strong role in determining how they will read emotions and needs to be considered when interpreting facial expression.‖ These cultural differences are even noticeable in computer emoticons(情感符号), which are used to convey a writer‘s emotions over email and text messaging. The Japanese emoticons for happiness and sadness vary in terms of how the eyes are drawn, while American emoticons vary with the direction of the mouth. In the United States the emoticons :) and :-) show a happy face, whereas the emoticons: (or : -( show a sad face. However, Japanese tend to use the symbol ( ? ? ) to indicate a happy face, and ( ;_; )to indicate a sad face. ―We think it is quite interesting and appropriate that a culture tends to mask its emotions. The Japanese would focus on a person‘s eyes when determining emotion, as eyes tend to be quite subtle(微妙的),‖ said Masuda. ―In the United States, where open emotion is quite common, it makes sense to focus on the mouth, which is the most expressive feature on a person‘s face.‖ 56. The text mainly tells us that __________. A. cultural differences are expressed in emotions B. culture is the key to interpreting facial emotions C. different emoticons are preferred in different cultures D. people from different cultures express emotions differently 57. Which emoticon is used by Americans to show a happy face? A. (;_;) B. :-( C. :-) D. ( ? ? )

58. If a Japanese wants to detect whether a smile is true or false, he will probably_______. A. read the whole face B. focus on the mouth
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C. judge by the voice D. look into the eyes 59. People used to believe that _______.

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A. some facial expressions of emotions were too complex to be recognized B. people in the world interpreted basic emotions in different ways C. people could only recognize the facial expressions of basic emotions D. people all over the world understood basic emotions almost in the same way B When you go to St. Petersburg, the number of attractions can seem large. If you are short of time, or just want to make sure to hit the highlights, these are the top must-see sights in St. Petersburg. 1.The Hermitage Museum The Hermitage Museum is one of the most important sights to see for any visitor to St. Petersburg. There are lots of different paintings by the old masters in the Hermitage. Prepare to come face-to-face with classic Western artists. 2. Kizhi Island Kizhi Island is an open-air museum of wooden architecture from the Karelia Region of Russia. These impressive structures are made entirely without nails—the wood fits together with joints and grooves(沟槽). 3. Peterhof Peterhof is as beautiful as it is fun. You‘ll be charged for admission, but go to Petethof when the fountains are working—during the day in the summer. They are shut off in winter evenings. 4. The Church of Our Savior on the Spilt Blood Love it or hate it, the Church of Our Savior on the Spilt Blood in St. Petersburg is an wonderful must-see sight. The beautiful look may make your eyes brighten, and the painting inside the church will make you say ―Wow!‖ 5. The Bronze Horseman Statue The so-called Bronze Horseman is a part of Russian culture and a symbol of St. Petersburg. Made famous by Alexander Pushkin, this statue of Peter the Great sitting on his horse can truly show Peter the Great‘s influence on the Russian idea of greatness. 60. If you are interested in paintings, you‘d better go to ________. A. Peterhof and Kizhi Island B. the Hermitage Museum and the Church of Our Savior on the Spilt Blood
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C. Kizhi lsland and the Church of Our Savior on the Spilt Blood D. the Hcrmitagee Museum and Peterhof 61. We can learn from the passage that ________. A. visitors can visit Peterhof for free B. the fountains in Peterhof can be seen all year round C. the buildings of Kizhi Island are made of wood D. the largest collection of Russian arts is in the Hermitage Museum 62. The main purpose of the passage is to ________. A. show the wonderful history of Russia B. persuade artists to study St. Petersburg C. recommend the famous buildings in Russia D. introduce the must-see sights in St. Petersburg 63. The underlined phrase (in Para 1) ―hit the highlights‖ means ________. A. to visit the most interesting sights C. to go to the high buildings B. to learn more knowledge D. to save more time C Are morning people born or made? In my case it was definitely made. In my early 20s, I rarely went to bed before midnight, and I would almost always get up late the next morning. But after a while I couldn‘t ignore the high relationship between success and rising early. On those rare occasions where I did get up early, I noticed that my productivity was almost always higher. So I set out to become a habitual early riser. But whenever my alarm went off, my first thought was always to stop that noise and go back to sleep. Eventually some sleep research showed me that I was using the wrong strategy. The most common wrong strategy is this: You assume that if you‘re going to get up earlier, you‘d better go to bed earlier. It sounds very reasonable, but will usually fail. There are two main schools(流派) of thought on sleep patterns. The first is that you should go to bed and get up at the same time every day. The second school says you should go to bed when you‘re tired and get up when you naturally wake up. However, I have found both of them are wrong if you care about productivity. If you sleep at set hours, you‘ll sometimes go to bed when you aren‘t sleepy enough. You‘re wasting time lying in bed awake and not being asleep. If your sleep is based on what your body tells you, you‘ll probably be sleeping more than you need. Also, your mornings may be less predictable if you‘re getting up at different times. The solution for me has been to combine both methods. I go to bed when I‘m sleepy and get up with an alarm clock at a fixed time. So I always get up at the same time (in my case 5 am), but I go to bed at different times every night — sometimes at 9:30pm, and other times at midnight. Most of the time I go to bed between 10-11 pm. However, going to bed only when I‘m sleepy, and getting up at a fixed time every morning is my way. If you
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want to become an early riser, you can try your own.

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64. According to the passage, the underlined phrase refers to ________. A. people who stay up until the next morning B. people who feel sleepy in the morning C. people who get up early in the morning D. people whose productivity is the highest in the morning 65. Why did the author want to become a habitual early riser? A. Because he / she wanted to form the habit of going to bed early and getting up early. B. Because he / she wanted to see which of the two main schools of thought on sleep patterns was right. C. Because he / she had found that his / her productivity was higher when he / she got up early. D. Because he / she was told the high relationship between success and rising early. 66. The author experienced all the following EXCEPT ________. A. asking scholars for advice on sleeping habits C. pressing off the alarm to go on sleeping 67. The passage is mainly about ________. A. how to have good sleep C. wrong strategies for getting up early B. how to become an early riser D. main schools of thought on sleep patterns D Writing articles about films for The Front Page was my first proper job. Before then I had done bits of reviewing—novels for other newspapers, films for a magazine and anything I was asked to do for the radio. That was how I met Tom Seaton, the first arts editor of The Front Page, who had also written for television. He hired me, but Tom was not primarily a journalist, or he would certainly have been more careful in choosing his staff. At first, his idea was that a team of critics should take care of the art forms that didn‘t require specialized knowledge: books, TV, theatre, film and radio. There would be a weekly lunch at which we would make our choices from the artistic material that Tom had decided we should cover, though there would also be guests to make the atmosphere sociable. It all felt like a bit of dream at that time: a new newspaper and I was one of the team. It seemed so unlikely that a paper could be introduced into a crowded market. It seemed just as likely that a millionaire wanted to help me personally, and was pretending to employ me. Such was my lack of self-confidence. Tom‘s original scheme for a team of critics for the arts never took off. It was a good idea, but we didn‘t get together as planned and so everything was done by phone. It turned out, too, that the general public out there preferred to associate a reviewer with a single subject area, and so I chose film. Without Tom‘s initial push, though, we would hardly have come up with the present arrangement, by which I write an extended weekly piece, usually on one film.
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B. getting up early occasionally D. going to bed after midnight

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The space I am given allows me to broaden my argument—or forces me, in an uninteresting week, to make something out of nothing. But what is my role in the public arena? I assume that people choose what films to go to on the basis of the stars, the publicity or the director. So if a film review isn‘t really a consumer guide, what is it? I certainly don‘t feel I have a responsibility to be ?right‘ about a movie. Nor do I think there should be a certain number of ?great‘ and ?bad‘ films each year. All I have to do is put forward an argument. I‘m not a judge, and nor would I want to be. 68. What do we learn about Tom Seaton from the first paragraph? A. He encouraged the writer to become a writer. B. He met the writer when working for television. C. He had worked in various areas of the media. D. He prefers to employ people that he knows. 69. The weekly lunches were planned in order to ________. A. help the writers get to know each other B. distribute the work that had to be done C. provide an informal information session D. entertain important visitors from the arts 70. What does the author mean when he says that Tom‘s plan never took off in Paragraph 4? A. Tom‘s plan was unpopular. C. Tom‘s plan wasn‘t planned properly. B. Tom‘s plan wasted too much time. D. Tom‘s plan wasn‘t put into practice.

71. Which of the following best describes what the writer says about his work? A. He can freely express his opinion. B. He prefers to write about films he likes.

C. His success varies from year to year.D. He writes according to accepted rules. E Though ―nanometer‖(纳米) is now a fashionable term all over the world, few people know exactly what it is. It has become a new favorite of manufacturers and sellers in recent years. Many ―high-tech‖ products bearing the name ―nano‖ have entered the market, bringing more mysterious feeling to surprised consumers. Nanometer is a very small length unit of measure, and is very small. One millimeter is 1000 micrometers, and one micrometer is 1000 nanometers. That is, one nanometer is one billionth of a meter. Nano materials are solid materials composed of particles(粒子) or crystallites(晶体) of less than 100 nanometer in size. Then, is a cup made of nano material really any different from an ordinary cup in function as far as how it works?
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Are nano cups really so wonderful? A reporter went to the Institute of Nanomedicine, which is the first such institute of such a sort in the world and the only one in China, specializing in researching the investigation of the application of nano technology into medicine. A water molecule(分子) is composed of 2 hydrogen atoms and 1 oxygen atom. It can be changed only by special working skillfully of the atoms. The material making up the cup can have nanometer particles . But it cannot change the chemical and physical properties of the water contained in it. The water in the cup is still water. When people drink it, it will produce no special effect on human body. Professor Ji who worked in the Instiute of Nanomedicine told the reporter, so far, the investigation of nano materials is still limited in the laboratory. No commercial micro products can be produced yet. With the present level of science and technology, the time of everyday goods made of nanometer materials is still years away. The products labeled with nano marks in the market now are only traditional products coated with a thin layer of nanometer material, which makes them more abrasion resistant(耐磨), much easier to be cleaned, or oil resisting or moth proof(防蛀). Professor Ji explained that nano cup is a real cup. It can also be included in the list of nano products in a certain sense. But the nano cup has not changed its property and function as a cup. It is not a magical medicine for curing and health care. 72. Which of the following shows the right relationship? A. nanometer<micrometer<millimeter<meter B. micrometer<millimeter<nanometer<meter C. nanometer<millimeter<micrometer<meter D. millimeter<micrometer<nanometer<meter 73. It can be inferred from the passage that ________. A. real nano products are being produced by some companies B. nano materials have been put into use in daily goods C. the nano cup is very effective in curing and health care D. real nano products haven‘t become available for people 74. The underlined word ―properties‖ in the fourth paragraph probably means ________. A. possessions B. reactions C. qualities D. symbols

75. What would be the best title for the passage? A. High-tech ProductsB. Nano Materials C. High-teach Research
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D. Nano Cups

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阅读理解:55—59 BCDD 60—63 BCDA

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64—67 CCAB68—71 CBDA 72—75 ADCB

甘肃省嘉峪关市第一中学 2012 届高三上学期期中考试试题(英语) 第二部分 阅读理解(共 20 小题。第一节每小题 2 分,第二节每小题 1 分;满分 45 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 A One night when my wife was preparing dinner, our little son took a piece of paper to her which read: For washing the car...........................................$5.00 For making my own bed this week...................$1.00 Going to the provision shop..............................$0.50 Playing with little sister ...................................$0.25 Taking out the rubbish......................................$1.00 Getting a good report card................................$5.00 And for sweeping the common corridor...........$2.00 Total .......................................................... ......$14.75 His mother looked at him standing there expecting payment. I could see a thousand memories flashed through her mind. So she picked up the pen and turning the paper over, this is what she wrote: For 9 months I carried you, growing inside me.....................................No Charge For the nights I sat up with you, doctored and prayed for you..............No Charge For the toys, food and clothes and wiping your nose............................No Charge When you add it all up, the full cost of my love...................................No Charge Well, when he finished reading, he had great big tears in his eyes. He looked at his mother and said, ―Mummy, I love you.‖ Then he took the pen and in great big letters wrote on the ―bill‖ ―All paid.‖. 41. What‘s the best title for this passage? A. Part-time Job C. Payment for House Work. B. Mother‘s Love, No Charge D. Greedy Mother

42. The writer wrote the passage in order to ______. A. show that children should be paid for their housework B. show that children should not be paid for their housework C. show a clever way of teaching children D. tell children how to spend their spare time
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43. How do you think of the mother in the passage? A. Clever. B. Greedy. C. Cold-hearted.

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D. Selfish.

44. From the last passage we know that ______. A. the boy got all the money he wanted B. the mother was unwilling to give the money to the boy C. the boy realized that it was not right to ask for money for the housework D. the mother was angry with what the boy said B HK‘s Family Affair The 32nd Hong Kong Art Festival, to be held early next year, will be based on the theme of ―family‖. The art festival, considered to be Asia‘s best, began in 1973. ―We hope that people from Beijing and from all over the world will go to Hong Kong to enjoy the multiple performances in our art festival,‖Douglas Gautier, the festival‘s management director, said in a press conference in the capital. In the 29 days of the festival, which runs from February 8 to March 7, 2004, the audience can choose from 111 performances of 51 programmes staged by 700 foreign performers, 450 local artists and 160 actors from the mainland. Programmes vary from classical music, jazz, world music, Western and Peking opera, drama and dance to outdoor spectaculars. The programmes include Beethoven‘s only opera Fidelio, Shakespeare‘s drama Rromeo and Juliet, the ballet Mozartina and African dances, to name just a few. The lineup (阵容) includes the English Touring Theatre, Prague Chamber Orchestra, Zurich Ballet, The Spanish National Dance Troupe, as well as Europe Galante, the Petersen Quartet, pianists Angela Hewitt and Marc-Andre Hamelin, and saxophonist Jan Garbarek. In an effort to increase attendance, hotels and airlines are offering discount packages along with art festival ticket sales, most of which are at 20% and 30% discounts. For more information, please check: www. hk. artsfestival. org 45.The press conference must have been held ________. A. in Hong Kong B. in Europe
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C. in Beijing

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D. in England

46.By means of―discount packages‖you can pay ________. A. nothing for the cost B. less than the usual cost C. for the air ticket but not for the festival ticket D. for the festival ticket but not for hotel rooms 47.According to the text, we do NOT have any information about ________. A. who will perform on stage C. when the 32nd Art Festival will be held B. what programmes there will be D. which theatres will put on performances

48.The main purpose in writing this text is ________. A. to make the 32nd Art Festival known C. to introduce the cost of the art festival B. to announce the plan of the art festival D. to sell a service during the art festival C That―Monday morning feeling‖could be a crushing pain in the chest which leaves you sweating and gasping for breath. Recent research from Germany and Italy shows that heart attacks are more common on Monday mornings and doctors blame the stress of returning to work after the weekend break. The risk of having a heart attack on any given day should be one in seven, but a six-year study helped by researchers at the Free University of Berlin of more than 2, 600 Germans showed that the average person had a 20 percent higher chance of having a heart attack on a Monday than on any other day. Working Germans are particularly not protected against attack, with a 33 percent higher risk at the beginning of the working week. Non-workers, by comparison, appear to be no more at risk on a Monday than any other day. A study of 11, 000 Italians proved 8 a. m. on a Monday morning as the most stressful time for the heart, and both studies showed that Sunday is the least stressful day, with fewest heart attacks in both countries. The finding could lead to a better understanding of what is the immediate cause of heart attacks, according to Dr Stefan Willich of the Free University. ―We know a lot about long-term risk factors such as smoking and cholesterol(胆固醇)but we don‘t know what actually causes heart attacks, so we can‘t give clear advice on how to prevent them, ‖he said. Monday mornings have a double helping of stress for the working body as it makes a rapid change from sleep to activity, and from the relaxing weekend to the pressures of work. ―When people get up, their blood pressure and heart rate go up and there are hormonal(内分泌)changes in
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their bodies, ‖Willich explained. ―All these things can have an unfavorable effect in the blood system and increase the risk of a clot(血凝块)which will cause a heart attack.‖ ―When people return to work after a weekend off, the pace of their life changes. They have a higher workload, more stress, more anger and more physical activities,‖said Willich. 49.Monday morning feeling, as this passage shows, ________. A. is not as serious as people thought B. is the first killer in Germany and Italy

C. is created by researchers in Germany and Italy D. is harmful to working people in developed countries 50.To protect people from a heart attack, doctors have paid much attention to ________. A. people‘s working time C. people‘s diet and lifestyle B. people‘s living place D. people‘s nationalities

51.It can be learned from this passage that the heart attack has something to do with all the following EXCEPT ________. A. blood pressure B. heart rate C. hormonal changes D. blood type

52.If the researchers give us some advice to avoid Monday morning feeling, what might it be? A. Improve working conditions. C. Stay with a doctor on Mondays. B. Never go to work on Mondays. D. Get up late on Monday mornings. D Some people believe that international sports create goodwill between the nations and that if countries play games together they will learn to live together. Others say that the opposite is true: that international competitions encourage false national pride and lead to misunderstanding and hatred. There is probably some truth in both arguments, but in recent years the Olympic Games have done little to support the view that sports encourage international brotherhood. Not only was there the tragic incident involving the murder of athletes, but the Games were also ruined by lesser incidents caused mainly by minor national competitions. One country received its second-place medals with visible indignation(愤慨)after a hockey final. There had been noisy scenes at the end of the hockey match, the loser‘s objection to the final decision. They were sure that one of their goals should not have been disallowed and that their opponents‘ victory was unfair. Their manager was very angry and he said, ―This wasn‘t hockey. Hockey and the International Hockey Federation are finished.‖ The president of the Federation said later that such behavior could result in the suspension(停赛)of the team for at least three years.
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The American basketball team announced that they would not give up the first place to Russia, after a disputable end to their competition. The game had ended in disturbance. It was thought at first that the United States had won, by a single point, but it was announced that there were three seconds still to play. A Russian player popped the ball into the basket. It was the first time the USA had ever lost an Olympic basketball match. An appeal jury discussed the matter for four and a half hours before announcing that the result would stand. The American players then voted not to receive the silver medals. Incidents of this kind will continue as long as sports are played competitively rather than for the love of the game. The suggestion that athletes should compete as individuals, or in non-national teams, might be too much to hope for. But in the present organization of the Olympics there is far too much that encourages aggressive patriotism(爱国主义). 53.According to the author, recent Olympic Games have ________. A. caused national pride for athletes B. created goodwill between the nations

C. hardly showed any international friendship D. led to less misunderstanding between countries 54.What did the manager mean by saying ―Hockey and the International Hockey Federation are finished‖? A. His team would no longer take part in international games. B. There should be no hockey matches organized by the Federation. C. Hockey and the Federation are both ruined by the unfair decisions. D. The International Hockey Federation should be dismissed forever. 55.By taking the basketball game for example, the author wants to prove that ________. A. too much patriotism was displayed in the games B. the announcement to prolong the match was wrong C. the appeal jury was too hesitant in making the decision D. the team was right in refusing to accept the silver medals 56.What conclusion can be drawn from the passage? A. Sports should be played for the love of one‘s nation. B. Unfair decisions are common in the Olympic Games. C. International competitions will lead to misunderstanding. D. The organization for the Olympic Games must be reformed. E
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When other nine-year-old kids were playing games, she was working at a petrol station. When other teens were studying or going out, she struggled to find a place to sleep on the street. But she overcame these terrible setbacks to win a highly competitive scholarship (奖学金) gain entry to Harvard University. And her amazing story has and inspired a movie, ―Homeless to Harvard: The Liz Murray Story‖, shown in late April. Liz Murray, a 22-year-old American girl, has been writing a real-life story of willpower and determination. Liz grew up in the shadow of two drug-addicted(吸毒)parents. There was never enough food or warm clothes in the house. Liz was the only member of the family who had a job. Her mother had AIDS and died when Liz was just 15 years old. The effect of that loss became a turning point in her life. Connecting the environment in which she had grown up with how her mother had died, she decided to do something about it. Liz went back to school. She threw herself into her studies, never telling her teachers that she was homeless. At night, she lived on the streets.―What drove me to live on had something to do with understanding, by understanding that there was a whole other way of being. I had only experienced a small part of the society,‖she wrote in her book Breaking Night. She admitted that she used envy to drive herself on. She used the benefits that come easily to others, such as a safe living environment, to encourage herself that ―next to nothing could hold me down‖. She finished high school in just two years and won a full scholarship to study at Harvard University. But Liz decided to leave her top university a couple of months earlier this year in order to take care of her father, who has also developed AIDS. ―I love my parents so much. They are drug addicts. But I never forget that they love me all the time.‖ Liz wants moviegoers to come away with the idea that changing your life is ―as simple as making a decision‖. 57.In which order did the following things happen to Liz? a. Her mother died of AIDS. c. She got admitted into Harvard. b. She worked at a petrol station. d. The movie about her life was put on.

e. She had trouble finding a place to sleep. A. b, a, e, c, d B. a, b, c, e, d C. e, d, b, a, c D. b, e, a, d, c

58.The main idea of the passage is ________. A. how Liz managed to enter Harvard University B. what a hard time Liz had in her childhood C. why Liz loved her parents so much 59.What actually made her go towards her goal? A. Envy and encouragement. B. Willpower and determination.
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D. how Liz struggled to change her life

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C. Decisions and understanding.

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D. Love and respect for her parents.

60.When she wrote ―What drove me to live on...I had only experienced a small part of the society‖, she meant that ________. A. she had little experience of social life B. she could hardly understand the society

C. she would do something for her own life D. she needed to travel more around the world 阅读 41-44 BCAC 45-48 CBDA 49-52 DCDA 53-56 CCAD 57-60 ADBC

广东省龙山中学 2012 届高三上学期 10 月月考 Ⅱ 阅读理解(共两节,满分 50 分) 第一节 阅读理解(共 20 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 40 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 A Few of us haven‘t read Cinderella, the story of a young woman living in poverty who meets the prince of her dreams. Some might not want to admit it, but there is a hidden Cinderella in everyone‘s heart—we all wish we could achieve recognition or success after a period of obscurity(默默无闻). Mary Santiago has that secret dream, too. Her story is featured in Another Cinderella Story, a film set in a US high school. Mary is shy but loves to dance. Compared with other girls, she is invisible. However, her world changes completely when a famous teenager pop singer, Joey Parker, appears. Joey is everything the rest of the boys in her class are not—kind, handsome and desirable. Mary and Joey‘s paths cross at a ball. They meet and fall in love with each other. But when Mary has to rush back home, she leaves behind her MP3 player, which becomes the only clue Joey has to find the girl of his dreams. Of course, there is a wicked(邪恶的) stepmother, who turns out to be Dominique Blatt and she takes in Mary after her dancer mother dies. Dominique treats Mary like a maid and does everything she can to make sure Mary doesn‘t get into the top dance school. Her two daughters are equally determined to stop Joey falling for Mary, even if that means embarrassing her. The story, though it mostly follows Cinderella, does add a few modern day twists to the classic fairy tale. Refreshingly, the film, unlike many high school films, does not focus on looks, although the actors are all beautiful. There is also a lot less materialism in Another Cinderella Story than in many similar movies. ―The movie takes the Cinderella fairytale as its jumping off point,‖ writes movie critic Amber Wilkinson. ―The focus is firmly on following your dream.‖
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26. The first paragraph is mainly to ____________. A. build interest and lead us to Mary‘s secret dream B. remind us why Cinderella is popular all the years C. inform us of the main topic of the whole passage D. tell us how interesting the fairy tale Cinderella is

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27. In the movie, Mary Santiago is the main character who _____________. A. is brave in expressing her love B. is attended badly by the stepmother C. has a dream of meeting a prince D. is embarrassed by the pop singer 28. What can we infer from the passage? A. Joey is just like other boys in Mary‘s class. B. Mary‘s mother influences her a lot in singing. C. Not many people have a dream to be realized. D. The MP3 player helps Joey in finding Mary. 29. The passage is mainly about ___________. A. an introduction to a film B. a review about a film C. an essay about dreams D. an advertisement of Cinderella 30. According to the passage, Another Cinderella Story ________. A. follows Cinderella with nothing new B. pays more attention to the looks of the actors C. encourages young people to follow their dreams D. focuses more on materialism than other films

B Engineering students are supposed to be examples of practicality and rationality (理性), but when it comes to my college education I am an idealist and a fool. In high school I wanted to be an electrical engineer and, of course, any reasonable student with my aims would have chosen a college with a large engineering department, many
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famous professors and lots of good labs and research equipment. But that's not what I did. I chose to study engineering at a small liberal-arts (文科) university that doesn't even offer a major in electrical engineering. Obviously, this was not a practical choice; I came here for more noble reasons. I wanted a broad education that would provide me with flexibility and a value system to guide me in my job. I wanted to open my eyes and expand my vision by communicating with people who weren't studying science or engineering. My parents, teachers and other adults praised me for such a wise choice. They told me I was wise and grown-up beyond my 18 years, and I believed them. I headed off to the college and sure I was going to have an advantage over those students who went to big engineering "factories" where they didn't care if you had values or were flexible. I was going to be a complete engineer: technical expert and excellent humanist all in one. Now I'm not so sure. Somewhere along the way my noble ideas crashed into reality, as all noble ideas finally do. After three years of struggling to balance math, physics and engineering courses with liberal-arts courses, I have learned there are reasons why few engineering students try to reconcile engineering with liberal-arts courses in college. The reality that has blocked my path to become the typical successful student is that engineering and the liberal arts simply don't mix as easily as I supposed in high school. Individually they shape a person in very different ways. The struggle to reconcile the two fields of study is difficult. 31. Why did the author choose to study engineering at a small liberal-arts university? A. He intended to become an engineer and humanist. B. He intended to be a reasonable student with noble ideals. C. He wanted to be an example of practicality and rationality. D. He wanted to communicate with liberal-arts students. 32. According to the author, by communicating with people who study liberal arts, engineering students can ___________. A. become noble idealists B. broaden their knowledge C. find a better job in the future D. balance engineering and liberal arts 33. Which word below can replace the underlined word ―reconcile‖? A. confuse B. compare C. combine D. compete
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34. The underlined sentence in 1st paragraph means ___________. A. he has failed to achieve his ideal aims B. he is not a practical and rational student C. his choice of attending to a small liberal-arts university is reasonable D. his idea of combining engineering with liberal - arts is noble and wise 35. The author suggests in this passage that ___________. A. liberal-arts students are supported to take engineering courses B. technical experts with a wide vision are expected in the society C. successful engineering students are more welcomed in the society D. engineering universities with liberal-arts courses are needed

C There are many older people in the world and there will be many more. A little-known fact is that over 60 percent of the older people live in developing countries. According to the World Health Organization, by 2020 there will be 1 billion, with over 700 million living in developing countries. It is a surprising fact that the population ageing is particularly rapid in developing countries. For example, it took France 115 years for the rate of older people to double from 7 percent to 14 percent. It is estimated to take China a mere 27 years to achieve this same increase. What are the implications of these increased numbers of older folk? One of the biggest worries for governments is that the longer people live, the more likelihood there is for diseases and for disability. Attention is being paid to the need to keep people as healthy as possible, including during old age, to lessen the financial burden on the state. Another significant problem is the need for the younger generations to understand and value the older people in their society. In some African countries, certainly in Asia, older people are respected and regarded as the ones with special knowledge. Yet traditions are fading away daily, which does not make sure the continued high regard of older people. As society changes, attitudes will change. Much needs to be done to get rid of age discrimination in employment. Life-long learning programs need to be provided to enable older people to be active members in a country's development. Social security policies need to be established to provide adequate income protection for older people. Both public and private schemes are vital in order to build a suitable safety net.
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36. The rate of older people________.

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A. is bigger in developed countries than in developing countries B. is one-seventh of the population in developing countries C. will increase much faster in China than in France D. will be sixty percent in developing countries by 2020 37. According to passage, which of the following are governments most worried about? A. The diseases and disability of older people. B. The longer life and good health of people. C. The loss of taxes on older people. D. The increasing respect for older people. 38. It is stated directly in the passage that older people should ________. A. be treated differently in different cultures B. enjoy a similar lifestyle C. be ignored as society changes D. be valued by the yonger generations 39. Which of the following measure is NOT mentioned to solve the population ageing problem? A. Getting rid of age discrimination in employment. B. Supplying life-long learning programs to older people. C. Making sure adequate income protection for older people. D. Providing free health care for sick older people. 40. The author concludes in the last paragraph that ________. A. governments have spent lots of time in solving the ageing problem B. population ageing is a hard problem, but it needs to be solved urgently C. people are too busy to solve the population ageing problem D. much time and effort will be lost in solving the ageing problem

D Dolphins and sharks are showing up in surprisingly shallow water just off the Florida coast. Mullets, crabs, rays and small fish gather by the thousands off an Alabama pirer. Birds covered in oil are crawling deep into marshes (沼泽), never to be seen again.
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Marine scientists studying the effects of the BP disaster(英国石油公司漏油事件)are seeing some strange phenomena. Fish and other wildlife seem to be fleeing the oil out in the Gulf and clustering in cleaner waters along the coast in a trend that some researchers see as a potentially troubling sign. The animals' presence close to shore means their usual habitat is badly polluted, and the crowding could result in mass die-offs as fish run out of oxygen. Also, the animals could easily be captured by their enemies. The nearly two-month-old spill(漏油)has created an environmental disaster in US history as tens of millions of gallons have flown into the Gulf of Mexico ecosystem. Scientists are seeing some unusual things as they try to understand the effects on thousands of species of marine life. For nearly four hours Monday, a three-person crew with Greenpeace cruised past delicate islands and mangrove-dotted inlets in Barataria Bay off southern Louisiana. They saw dolphins by the dozen frolicking(嬉 戏)in the oily sheen(光泽)and oil-tinged pelicans feeding their young. But they spotted no dead animals. "I think part of the reason why we're not seeing more yet is that the impacts of this crisis are really just beginning," Greenpeace marine biologist John Hocevar said. The counting of dead wildlife in the Gulf is more than an academic exercise; the deaths will help determine how much BP pays in damages. 41.What do the marine life react to the BP disaster? A.Birds crawl deep into caves. B.Dolphins and sharks show up in deep water. C.Tens of thousands of marine animals are found dead. D.Sea creatures flee from oil spill, gathering near seashore. 42.The environmental disaster was caused by A.the damage of the Mexico Gulf ecosystem B.the lack of environmental sense of BP C.the nearly two-month-old oil spill D.the crowding marine life 43.What is John Hocevar‘s attitude towards the disaster? A.Worried. B.Disappointed. C.Depressed. 44.From the passage, we can infer that . D.Neutral. .

A.BP will pay much money according to the number of dead wildlife there B.marine scientists have seen some strange phenomena
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C.the disaster has little influence on dolphins D.a three-person crew reached no conclusion 45. The test is most probably a ______ A.newspaper ad C.science news report .

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B.book review D.science fiction story

Ⅱ 阅读理解(共两节,满分 50 分) 第一节:阅读理解(共 20 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 40 分) 26-30 ABDBC 31-35 ABCAB 36-40 CADDB 41-45 DCAA C

广东省增城市 2012 届高三调研考试(英语)

II. 阅读(共两节,满分 50 分) 第一节 阅读理解(共 20 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 40 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 A Jean is a bright young lady who comes from a rich and famous family. She goes to a good university and has everything that money can buy. Well, almost everything is good. But the problem is that Jean‘s family are so busy that they can hardly find time to be with her. So Jean spends a lot of time on her QQ. She likes being anonymous(匿名), talking to people who do not know about her famous family and her rich life. She uses the name Linda on QQ and has made a lot of friends who she keeps in touch with quite often. Last year Jean made a very special friend on QQ. His name was David and lived in San Francisco. David was full of stories and jokes. He and Jean had a common interest in rock music and modern dance. So it always took them hours to talk happily on QQ and sometimes they even forgot their time. Of course, they wanted to know more about each other. David sent a picture of himself: He was a tall, good looking young man with big , happy smile. As time went by, they became good friends and often sent cards and small things to each other. When Jean‘s father told her that he was going on a business trip to San Francisco, she asked him to let her go with him so that she could give David a surprise for his birthday. She would take him the latest DVD of their favorite rock singer. But when she knocked on David‘s door in San Francisco, she found that her special friend was a twelve-year-old boy named Jim! 26. Jean spends a lot of her time on QQ because she is _________. A. rich B. young C. lonely
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D. talkative

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27. The reason why they even forgot their time is that they _________. A. talked in delight on QQ C. fell in love with each other B. hated study D. had similar hobbies

28. Why did Jean leave her home for San Francisco? A. To amaze David. C.To be invited to Jim's birthday party. B. To be on a business trip. D. To send some gifts to Jim. according to the passage.

29. The following states are true about Jean EXCEPT that A. she is a university student B. she was born in a wealthy family C. she made a friend named Jim younger than her D. she uses her family name on her QQ

30. We could believe that Jean was _________ when seeing Jim himself instead of David at his door. A. delighted B. disappointed C. regretful D. confused

B ―Today is the day I start the big healthy diet,‖ I told my wife as I raised my hand and promise,―No chocolate today!‖ ―Oh, has the hospital gift shop stopped selling it?‖ she asked. ―No,‖ I said. ―I‘ll just have to depend on my strong determination.‖ But when I arrived at the hospital, my little friend Benton had been there again. I knew my promise would quickly disappear. Because if Benton had things his way, I‘d always be eating a piece of candy from the bottomless bag he often shared with me. Benton was an eight-year-old boy who was blind because of a kind of cancer, which caused him to live in the darkness, when he was fifteen months old. For the next twenty-six months, he was in and out of our hospital. For nearly four years, it seemed as though Benton could beat the disease, until one Friday afternoon in April 2011, when he developed a headache and lost movement on his right side. His mom rushed him to the hospital. Over the next several months, Benton came to our hospital many more times. Each time he came, we would say hello, while Benton answered the greeting by holding out a candy from his bag. So, on that first day of my diet, I went to his room and found Benton lying in his bed, his eyes opened but not looking into this world.
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―We brought his candy bag with us. Would you like to have some?‖ his mother asked. Without thinking of my diet, I reached into the bag and pulled out the first piece my fingers touched. It was my favorite as if Benton had saved one last piece for me. At home that evening, I answered a phone about Benton‘s death. As I hung it up, I opened the candy and ate it. 31. What did the writer promise to do? A. To begin a healthy diet without chocolate. B. To go on selling candy. C. To share chocolate with his wife. D. To eat a piece of candy. 32. On what condition would the writer's promise be gone? A. If the shop had stopped selling chocolate. B. If he had reached hospital to see Benton. C. If he had shared chocolate with Benton. D. If his wife had seen him. 33. Which of the following shows the correct order of the events about Benton? a. he lived in the darkness c. he was in and out of the hospital. A. a d c b B. d c b a b. he lost movement on his right side d. his eyes opened, not looking into this world C. a c b d D. d b a c

34. What might the writer be? A. A doctor. B. A patient. C. A teacher. D. A cook.

35. From the passage, it implies that _________. A. the writer was kind to Benton C. the writer loved candy before B. Benton preferred sweets rather than his life D. the writer has been aware of the danger of chocolate

C Success does not belong to a select group of individuals; success belongs to those who are willing to go after it. Success belongs to those who are willing to look fear in the face, eyeball to eyeball, and then do what they have to do. Success belongs to those who realize that there is something more important than their fear. ―Desire is the key to motivation….‖ Desire is the longing to achieve a vision; without desire you have nothing. If you‘ve lost your vision, or if your desire is not strong, work to clarify your vision, use pictures, write
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the vision down. Habakkuk said, ―Write the vision, and make it plain, ‖ Before you can run with desire, your vision must be plain, it must be clear, it must be exciting. ―Seventy percent of success in life is showing up.‖ You can‘t get your dream job, if you‘re scared to turn in an application. You won‘t get the sale, if you don‘t try. Showing up doesn‘t guarantee success, but rest assured if you don‘t show up, you won‘t succeed. When it comes to your dreams, and the things you desire to achieve in this life, you have to show up. Thomas J. Watson said, ―Would you like me to give you a formula 公式) success? It‘s quite simple, really. ( for Double your rate of failure. You are thinking of failure as the enemy of success. But it isn‘t at all. You can be discouraged by failure or you can learn from it, so go ahead and make mistakes. Make all you can. Because remember that‘s where you will find success.‖ Never fear failure, it is failure that will bring you success. Embrace failure, become a student of failure, learn from failure, and soon you will succeed. Success is not about doing what the average person can‘t do, it‘s about doing what the average person is unwilling to do. And on a deeper level, it‘s about creating habits that the average person is unwilling to create. It‘s the habit of doing things with excellence that cause success. Success is the enjoyment of the journey. You have to enjoy the journey! Someone once said, ―Unless you change how you are, you will always have what you‘ve got.‖ You have to change…you will change, you will succeed. 36. If you want to succeed, you should _________. A. make efforts to achieve it C. face it with fear 37. What's Habakkuk's opinion? A. We should make our aims common. C. We should have motivation. B. We should set up a clear target. D. Desire is the key to motivation. B. be a special person D. do everything important

38. The main idea of the third paragraph is that _________. A. success needs showing up C. you should show your hope B. 70% of people can succeed D. you should fight for success

39. Thomas J. Watson encourages us to _________. A. retire from failure C. make double mistakes B. escape from failure D. grow from failure

40. Which is the best title of the passage? _________.
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A. Success and Failure C. Several Critical Steps to Success D

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B. Keys to Success D. Importance of Success

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The Tibetan Plateau(青藏高原) is the world's highest place. It's four times the size of France and home to most of the world's highest mountains. As you might expect, it's cold there. And it may be that the deep chill of the Tibetan Plateau played a role in the evolution of some of the world's most charismatic(魅力十足的) animals. That's the belief of a scientist who discovered the skull of a woolly rhino(长毛犀) on the Tibetan Plateau. The woolly rhino — two tons, two tusks, lots of hair and lots of attitude — was an Ice Age giant. It lived with other Ice Age beasts in Europe and Asia, starting about 2.5 million years ago. But Xiaoming Wang, from the Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, was shocked when he found a 3.5-million-year-old rhino skull(头骨化石) on the Tibetan Plateau. "It caught us by complete surprise that they are actually up in the high plateau well before the Ice Age has started," Wang says. That's about a million years before the Ice Age started, in fact. Wang thinks his discovery shows that at least some animals were prepared for the Ice Age. "At least in the case of the woolly rhino, it actually adapted itself in the cold environment in the Tibetan Plateau before the Ice Age has even started," Wang says. "The animal actually used its head to sweep snow," Wang explains, "so they can get at the vegetation below the snow cover." So Wang thinks the Plateau was a sort of evolutionary cradle(摇篮) for cold-weather animals. When the rest of the world eventually iced up, they moved out of Tibet and took over. Anthony Barnosky, a paleontologist at the University of California, Berkeley, says even now, these isolated "cradles" are important for evolution(进化). "The interesting thing," Barnosky says, "is on Earth today we have biodiversity(生物多样性) isolated in certain spots, and we just never know which of those isolated places will be the cradle of evolution for the next big environmental change coming down the pike(出现)." The only problem is that to be ready, you have to know what the next environment will be like. Or just be very lucky. 41. The underlined word "chill" in Para.2 could be replaced as ___________. A. hole B. cold C. shape D. lake

42. Which is NOTtrue about the woolly rhinos(长毛犀) on the Tibetan Plateau?
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A. They were Ice Age giants with two tusks, lots of hair and lots of attitude. B. They had lived on the Tibetan Plateau before the Ice Age has started. C. They were able to sweep snow with their heads. D. They hardly adapted themselves in the cold environment. 43. What did Anthony Barnosky think of the isolated "cradles" ? A. They adapted the cold weather. B. They played an important role in evolution. C. It was hard to know whether they would change. D. It was luck to change the next big environmental. 44. The research might appear in the A. journal science B. newspaper . C. English textbook D. blog

45. From the passage, we can infer that _________. A. Facing the cold, the animals continuously evolved B. Xiaoming Wang works in the USA C. Both Wang and Barnosky are paleontologists D. A Chinese scientist discovered the skull of a woolly rhino 阅读理解(每小题 2 分,满分 50 分) 26-30 CAADB 31-35 ABCAD 36-40 ABADC 41-45 BDBAA

河北省唐山一中 11-12 学年高三上学期期中考试(英语) 第三部分:阅读理解(共两节;满分 40 分) 第一节(共 15 小题:每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C、D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂 黑。 A About ten years ago, a young and very successful businessman named Josh was traveling down a Chicago neighborhood street. He was going a bit too fast in his shiny, black, 12 cylinder Jaguar XKE, which was only two months old. He was watching for kids rushing out from between parked cars and slowed down when he thought he saw something. As his car passed, no child came out, but a brick sailed out and-WHUMP!-it hit the Jag‘s shiny black side door! SCREECH... !!!! Immediately Josh stopped the car, jumped out, seized the kid and pushed him up
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against a parked car. He shouted at the kid, ―What was that all about and who are you? Just what the heck are you doing?!‖ Building up a head of steam, he went on. ―That‘s my new Jag, and that brick you threw is gonna cost you a lot of money. Why did you throw it?‖ ―Please, mister, please... I‘m sorry! I didn‘t know what else to do!‖ begged the youngster. ―I threw the brick because no one else would stop!‖ tears were streaming down the boy‘s face as he pointed around the parked car. ―It‘s my brother, mister,‖ he said. ―He rolled of the curb (路沿)and fell out of his wheelchair and I can‘t lift him up.‖ Sobbing, the boy asked the businessman, ―Would you please help me get him back into his wheelchair?‖ he‘s hurt and he‘s too heavy for me.‖ Moved beyond words, the young businessman tried hard to swallow the rapidly swelling lump in his throat. Straining, he lifted the young man back into the wheelchair and took out his handkerchief and wiped the scrapers and cuts, checking to see that everything was going to be OK. He then watched the younger brother push him down the sidewalk toward their home. It was a long walk back to the black, shining, 12 cylinder Jaguar XKE — a long and slow walk. Josh never did fix the side door of his Jaguar. He kept the dent (凹痕)to remind him not to go through life so fast that someone has to throw a brick at him to get his attention. Feel for the bricks of life coming at you. 56.The boy threw a brick at the businessman‘s car because ________. A. the businessman drove at a high speed B. he envied the brand-new car very much C. he wanted to ask for some money D. he wanted to get help from the driver 57.Which of the following is the right order of the story? a.The younger brother threw a brick at Josh‘s car. b.The elder brother fell out of his wheelchair. c.The younger brother begged Josh for help. d.Josh lifted the elder brother back into his wheelchair. e.Josh shouted at the younger brother. A. b, a, e, c, d B. a, c, d, b, e C. b, a, c, e, d D. a, c, b, e, d

58.What can we learn from the passage? A. Josh would accept the money from the kids. B. The two kids were Josh‘s neighbors.
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C. Josh was a kind-hearted man. D. Josh‘s new car broke down easily.

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59.According to the passage, the last sentence means ________. A. trying to get ready for the trouble in your future life B. driving fast in a neighborhood street is dangerous C. trying to be more understanding seeing others in trouble D. protecting oneself from being hurt B Everyone has got two personalities – the one that is shown to the world and the other that is secret and real. You don‘t show your secret personality when you‘re awake because you can control your behaviour, but when you‘re asleep, your sleeping position shows the real you. In a normal night, of course, people frequently change their position. The important position is the one that you go to sleep in. If you go to sleep on your back, you‘re a very open person. You normally trust people and you are easily influenced by fashion or new ideas. You don‘t like to upset people, so you never express your real feelings. You‘re quite shy and you aren‘t very confident. If you sleep on your stomach, you are a rather secretive person. You worry a lot and you‘re always easily upset. You‘re very stubborn, but you aren‘t very ambitious. You usually live for today not for tomorrow. This means that you enjoy having a good time. If you sleep on curled up, you are probably a very nervous person. You have a low opinion of yourself and so you‘re often defensive. You‘re shy and you don‘t normally like meeting people. You prefer to be on your own. You‘re easily hurt. If you sleep on your side, you have usually got a well-balanced personality. You know your strengths and weakness. You‘re usually careful. You have a confident personality. You sometimes feel anxious, but you don‘t often get depressed. You always say what you think even if it annoys people. 60. According to the writer, you naturally show your secret and real personality _______. A. B. C. D. only in a normal night only when you go to sleep only when you refuse to show yourself to the world only when you change sleeping position

61. Maybe you don‘t want to make friends with a person who sleeps curled up. Why?
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A. B. C. D.

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He or she would rather be alone than communicate with you. He or she is rarely ready to help you. He or she prefers staying at home to going out. He or she wouldn‘t like to get help from you.

62. It appears that the writer tends to think highly of the person who sleeps on one side because _______. A. B. C. D. he or she always shows sympathy for people he or she is confident, but not stubborn he or she has more strengths than weakness he or she often considers annoying people C Long bus rides are like television shows. They have a beginning, a middle, and an end with commercials thrown in every three or four minutes. The commercials are unavoidable. They happen whether you want them or not. Every couple of minutes a billboard glides by outside the bus window. "Buy Super Clean Toothpaste." "Drink Good Wet Root Beer." "Fill up with Pacific Gas." Only if you sleep, which is equal to turning the television set off, are you spared the unending cry of "You Need It! Buy It Now!" The beginning of the ride is comfortable and somewhat exciting, even if you‘ve traveled that way before. Usually some things have changed: new houses, new buildings, sometimes even a new road. The bus driver has a style of driving and it‘s fun to try to figure it out the first hour or so. If the driver is particularly reckless (鲁莽 的) or daring, the ride can be as thrilling as a suspense story. Will the driver pass the truck in time? Will the driver move into the right or the left hand lane? After a while, of course, the excitement dies down. Sleeping for a while helps pass the middle hours of the ride. Food always makes bus rides more interesting. But you‘ve got to be careful of what kind of food you eat. Too much salty food can make you very thirsty between stops. The end of the ride is somewhat like the beginning. You know it will soon be over and there‘s a kind of expectation and excitement in that. The seat of course, has become harder as the hours have passed. By now you‘ve sat with your legs crossed, with your hands in your lap, with your hands on the armrests even with your hands crossed behind your head. The end comes just at no more ways to sit. 63. According to the passage, what do the passengers usually see when they are on a long bus trip? A. Buses on the road. C. Advertisements on the billboards. 64. What is the purpose of this passage?
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B. Films on television. D. Gas stations.

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A. To give the writer‘s opinion about long bus trips. B. To persuade you to take a long bus trip. C. To explain how bus trips and television shows differ. D. To describe the billboards along the road. 65. The writer of this passage would probably favor___________. A. bus drivers who aren‘t reckless C. a television set on the bus B. driving alone D. no billboards along the road

66. The writer feels long bus rides are like TV shows because__________. A. the commercials both on TV shows and on billboards along the road are fun B. they both have a beginning, a middle, and an end, with commercials in between C. the drivers are always reckless on TV shows just as they are on buses D. both traveling and watching TV are not exciting. 67. The writer thinks that the end of the ride is somewhat like the beginning because both are__________. A. exciting B. comfortable C. tiring D. boring D Ad. 1 April fool‘s party On Friday, April 1, Inner Affair goes back to the days of funk! Classic Tunes from the 70‘s and 80‘s by DJs Den & Sion. 9pm till late. Tickets: Free entrance for those in costume, otherwise 50 yuan (US$6) Time/date: 9 pm, April 1 Place: Inner Affair, 1/F Qiankun Dasha, 6 Sanlitun Xiliujie, Chaoyang District Tel: 8454? 0321 Ad. 2 Language in use Enjoy free in house coffee, tea and beer as well as music and dancing. Practice your Chinese, make friends and have fun. Time/date: 7 to 9 pm, March 25 Place: Language In Use Club, 2/F, Science Fortune Center, 8 Xueqing Lu, north of Xueyuan Lu, Haidian District Ad. 3
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The "worst" party

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Organized by Ozone Productions, the party is set to be "the worst ever", with the lamest music from the 60s, 70s and 80s. Special prizes will be awarded to the worst dressed or for bad fashion sense. Tickets: Free entrance Time/date: 9 pm, April 1 Place: Pula Pula, Tianze Lu, Oriental Seven Colours Plaza, Chaoyang District Tel: 6466?8575 Ad. 4 La Nuit Francaise Again on the 2nd Thursday of the month La Nuit Francaise will be held at Le Rendezvous. The monthly event is an opportunity for all French people and everyone interested in France or speaking French to gather together. The evening features three glasses of wine and canapes for participants and a special exhibition. Time/date: 7 to 10 pm, April 14 Place: Le Rendezvous, 3 Gongti Beilu, across from the Pacific Century Plaza, Chaoyang District Tel: 6462?9110 Ad. 5 Marco V Dutch DJ Marco V drops by Banana for a gig which is supported by Hong Kong‘s DJ Spark. Marco V has been around for many years, as an inventive, style blending deejay and a successful and devoted producer. His spinning is energetic, crowd pleasing and never sees an empty dance floor. He was ranked No. 15 in this year‘s international DJ MAG DJ Top100. Tickets: 40 yuan (US$4.80) in advance, 50 yuan (US$6) at the door, both include a free drink Time/date: 10 pm to 4 am, March 31, April 1 Place: Banana, in the lobby of the Scitech Hotel, 22 Jianwai Dajie, Chaoyang District Tel: 6528?3636 68. Which of the following is NOT true of Ad. 1 and Ad. 3? A. The two parties will be held on the same day. B. The two parties will be held at the same time. C. The entrance fees of the two parties will not be charged. D. Some old music will be played at the parties. 69. Which of the following is intended for the Chinese learners?
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A. Marco V. C. Language in use. 70. We can infer that______. A. Marco V is a newly established band B. La Nuit Francaise may be French words B. La Nuit Francaise. D. The "worst" party.

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C. the "worst" party will attract a lot of college students D. you will enjoy free drink at April fool‘s party 阅读理解:56-60 DACCB 61-65 ABCAD 66-70 BACCB 河南省镇平一高 2012 届高三第二次月考(英语) 第三部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分 40 分) 第一节(共 15 小题, 每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下列短文,从每小题所给的四个选项(A,B, C 和 D)中,选出最佳选项. A I am a 21-year-old boy, and this is my story. One month after I graduated from high school in 2009, I was coming home from swim practice and was involved in a car accident. I was so seriously injured that I was in a coma(昏迷) for over two months at Prince Georges Hospital. I died eight times during my coma and I couldn't talk or communicate when I woke up. Walking was never going to happen again due to all the extreme injuries. Just like my body, my dreams were shattered(破灭). But I was not going to let my injuries prevent me from living my dreams. After 14 operations and blood transfusions, I had to learn how to talk, eat, walk, shower and live independently again. When I was out of hospital, I still had to go to outpatient therapy (门诊治疗) in Waldorf, Maryland. After spending a few months in a wheelchair, I took baby steps to walk on my own. It was a miracle that I could walk again, but I wanted to prove that I could not only walk, but run. When it came true, I wanted to get back in the pool again. After a few lung tests, I was able to go in the pool a little bit each week. After a few months of swim training, I began my freshman year at St. Mary's College of Maryland and became a proud member of the swim team. By telling my story, I want to make a positive influence on the world. I am just trying to live each day to the fullest and inspire other people never to give up their dreams no matter how bad a situation is. I remember when I was still in my hospital bed, I would have my mom and dad push me around in my wheelchair to the
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other rooms to see the other patients and talk to them and their families.

I wanted to let them know that .

everything was going to be okay. Somehow, things would work out for the best. 56. When the car accident happened, the author__________. A. was a high school student B. had finished his high school education C. was a college student D. was returning home from a swim competition 57. It can be inferred that the author __________ after he woke up from his coma. A. was out of hospital C. faced physical and mental challenges 58. What can we learn from the author‘s recovery? A. Attitude is everything. B. Actions speak louder than words. C. Everything happens for a reason. D. A good beginning is half done. 59. What does the author mainly want to show in the last paragraph? A. His purpose of sharing his story. C. His influence on others. B B. His painful experiences. D. His great achievements. B. was in surprise D. was worried about his lung

You might say that one reason why Barack Obama is President of the US is that he knows how to give a good speech. In 2004, when Massachusetts Senator (议员) John Kerry was the Democratic Party's nominee (候 选人) for the presidency, a little-known senator from Illinois gave the main speech at the Democratic National Convention. That senator was Obama. It was a famous speech poetic, personal, and inspiring. The people who heard it would remember it for a long time. Since 2004, Obama has written and published thousands of speeches. These are usually praised for two reasons : he treats the audiences like intelligent adults (成年人) , and he is able to express complicated (复杂的) ideas in a straightforward, natural way. Before becoming President, Obama was a lawyer, a college professor, and a successful writer—his two books have become best-sellers. The skills he needed to succeed in his previous(以前的) jobs have also
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contributed to his success as a speechmaker.

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As a lawyer, Obama learned how to make strong, believable arguments. As a professor, he learned how to explain complicated subject in ways that helped students understand without boring them. As a writer, he learned how to use language to have a powerful impact on his audiences (观众) Star musician even turned one of . Obama‘s early speeches into a song during the election. Obama delivers speeches to audiences large and small. He can make his audiences laugh or cry. His speeches are always thoughtful, well written, and just right for each situation. You can see how Obama changes his style(凤格) in his speeches for two very different purposes. 60. From the text, the writer's purpose of writing the text is to make us know that _____on a person‘s way to success. A. the advantage of intelligence and characters B. the advantage of family background C. the importance of being good at expression D. the importance of natural science and efforts 61. Which of the following is TRUE about the passage? A. His speech was full of rich feelings, common style and encouragement. B. The content of his speeches is deep and difficult to understand. C. Obama was a lawyer, a college professor and a successful businessman before becoming President D. The skills he learned in his previous job have also helped him to become a successful speaker. 62. The underlined word "impact" is closest in meaning to ___________. A. duty B. influence C. protection D. support

63. We can infer that Obama changes his style in speeches by reducing or increasing A. new opinions B. some advice C Sicily, an island of Italy, is home to beautiful beaches, outstanding food, and a bit of Italian history on every corner. It's located just southwest of the Italian mainland and it's the largest Mediterranean island. Invaded by many armies over the centuries, it became the site of Roman and Greek colonies. Those cultures remain to this day.
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C. rich feelings

D. more details

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As part of the 2006 Year of Italy in China, an exhibition of Sicilian culture is being held at the National Museum of China from August 29 to October 27. Although they have a rich culture and history, Sicilian people lead a simple life. Living on land with fertile soil, most of them work in agriculture, fishing and mining, and of course tourism. In Sicily, most stores and businesses are closed from one to four in the afternoon. Streets become crowded around five as people start to go out and engage in a variety of activities. to the shops, enjoy eating a pastry or just meet up with friends. Food is one of the great pleasures of Sicilian people. There is an old Sicilian saying: "With a contented stomach, your heart is forgiving. With an empty stomach you forgive nothing." People will go miles out of their way to eat fresh seafood, such as tuna (金枪鱼), swordfish (旗鱼) and sardines (沙丁鱼). Pasta (面团) is the main food. Each region has its seasonal pasta dishes, and every family cook their own specialty. Bread is common too. As another Sicilian saying goes, "A table without bread is like a day without sunshine." In Sicily, bread is always freshly baked or bought, and usually twice a day. 64. Which of the following can probably be the correct map according to the text? They may take a walk

65. Which words can probably be used to describe the lifestyle of Sicilian people? A. Busy and tiring. C. Simple and boring. 66. From the last paragraph we know _____. A. the eating habit of the Sicilian people C. the starvation of Sicilian people B. the importance of old saying in Sicily D. the character of Sicilian people B. Enjoyable and relaxing. D. Tense and depressed.

67. Which statement is NOT TRUE according to the text? A. Sicily was once conquered by the Romans and Greek. B. Sicilian culture has been part of Chinese culture since 2006. C. Sicilian people mostly live on farming, fishing, mining as well as tourism. D. Bread is the most common food for Sicilian people. D
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We may all have had the embarrassing moment: Getting half-way through a story only to realize that we‘ve told this exact tale before, to the same person. Why do we make such memory mistakes? According to a research published in Psychological Science, it may have to do with the way our brains process different types of memory. Researchers Nigel Gopie, of the Rotman Research Institute in Toronto, and Colin Macleod, of the University of Waterloo, divided memory into two kinds. The first was source memory, or the ability to keep track of where information is coming from. The second was destination memory, or the ability to recall who we have given information to. They found that source memory functions better than destination memory, in part because of the direction in which that information is travelling. To study the differences between source and destination memory, the researchers did an experiment on 60 university students, according to a New York Times report. The students were asked to associate 50 random facts with the faces of 50 famous people. Half of the students ―told‖ each fact to one of the faces, reading it aloud when the celebrity‘s (名人的) picture appeared on a computer screen. The other half read each fact silently and saw a different celebrity picture afterward. When later asked to recall which facts went with which faces, the students who were giving information out (destination memory) scored about 16% lower on memory performance compared with the students receiving information (source memory). The researchers concluded that out-going information was less associated with its environmental context(背 景)—that is, the person—than was incoming information. This makes sense given what is known about attention. A person who is giving information, even little facts, will devote some mental resources to thinking about what is being said. Because our attention is limited, we give less attention to the person we are giving information to. After a second experiment with another group of 40 students, the researchers concluded that self-focus is another factor that undermines(gradually lessen) destination memory. They asked half the students to continue giving out random information, while the other told things about themselves. This time around, those who were talking about themselves did 15% worse than those giving random information. ―When you start telling these personal facts compared with non-self facts, suddenly destination memory goes down more,. suggesting that it is the self-focus component (成分) that's reducing the memory,‖ Gopie told Live
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Science. 68. The point of this article is to __________. A. give advice on how to improve memory B. say what causes the memory to worsen

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C. explain why we repeat stories to those we've already told them to D. discuss the differences between source and destination memory 69. What can we learn from the article? A. Source memory helps us remember who we have told the information to. B. One‘s limited attention is one of the reasons why those reading aloud to the celebrity‘s pictures perform worse on the memory test. C. Silent reading is a better way to remember information than reading aloud. D. It tends to be more difficult for people to link incoming information with its environmental context than outgoing information 70. What did the scientists conclude from the second experiment? A. Destination memory is weaker than source memory. B. Focusing attention on oneself leads to relatively poor source memory performance. C. Associating personal experience with information helps people memorize better. D. Self-focus is responsible for giving information twice or more to the same person. 阅读理解 [A] BCAA [B] CDBC [C] DBAB [D] CBD

河南省郑州市四十七中 2012 届高三上学期期中考试(英语) 第三部分 阅读理解 (共两节,满分 40 分) 第一节(共 15 小题,满分 30)阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出最佳选 项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 A I am a person who does not like to wait. I don' t like lines, being put on hold when making a phone call, arriving at an appointment to find that my companion will be delayed and of course, I don‘t like waiting rooms. However, I realize that my agony (痛苦)will not be good for me, as an increasingly crowded world can only mean one thing—more waiting. Owing to this, I have taken a measure and decided to turn my disappointment to productive ends. In short, I am looking for what I call "waiting in line books".
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These are books that contain materials designed for being read in shortened words, so there is no extended story line to lose track of. Another requirement is that they be small enough to slip neatly into my back pocket. The other day I went to the supermarket.Convinced that the rain would keep most people away, I was surprised to see that the place was crowded with shoppers. Every checkout was open—and jammed! But I could take out my pocket book and go to work. The more the world demands that I wait, the more I learn from my waiting library. Look at these titles: One Hundred Things Every American Should Know; The Poetry of Robert Frost; Living Thoughts of Leading Thinkers; Still More Toasts.I have learned interesting and enriching things and much knowledge from these books. On a recent visit to the general store, I placed my order at the counter along with six or seven other people.The one female employee seemed to have her hands full as she rushed about. "Just be patient," she said to me. No problem. I quietly opened my dictionary of prose(散文)and poetical quotations. Perhaps the other customers regarded me as a bookish, lonely soul. But little did they realize that I was enjoying the company of Shakespeare, Thoreau, Homer and Ben Johnson. 56.According to the passage, the world ______. A. needs to produce many materials to use C. loses tracks of story line increasingly B. is becoming more and more crowded D. is crowded with shoppers everywhere

57.How did the author overcome his agony of waiting? A.By reading books designed to be read in shortened words. B.By arriving early for an appointment. C.By taking measures to produce some books for readers. D.By keeping most people away from the supermarket for some reasons. 58.Which of the following can't be carried in the author's pocket? A.One Hundred Things Every American Should Know B.The Poetry of Robert Frost C.Living Thoughts of Leading Thinkers D.Homer and Ben Johnson 59.Which of the following statements is true according to the passage? A.The author succeeded in changing his agony into fun.
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B.The author was a bookish and lonely soul.

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C.Six or seven employees in the store were busy in rushing about. D.There were fewer customers in the supermarket on rainy days. B Kids will often ignore your requests for them to shut off the TV, start their chores(杂事), or do their homework as a way to avoid following your directions.Before you know it, you‘ve started to sound like a broken record as you repeatedly ask them to do their assignments, clean their room, or take out the trash. Rather than saying "Do your chores now", you'll be more effective if you set a target time for when the chores have to be completed. So instead of arguing about starting chores, just say, ―If chores aren't done by 4 pm, here are the consequences.‖ Then it' s up to your child to complete the chores. the ball back in their court. Put Don' t argue or fight with them, just say, ―That's the way it's going to be.‖It shouldn't be punitive(惩罚性的)as much as it should be persuasive."If your chores aren't done by 4 pm, then no video game time until chores are done. And if finishing those chores runs into homework time, that‘s going to be your loss.On the other hand, when dealing with homework, keep it very simple. Have a time when homework starts, and at that time, all electronics go off and do not go back on until you see that their homework is done. If your kids say they have no homework, then they should use that lime to study or read. Either way, there should be a lime set aside when the electronics are off. When a kid wears his iPod or headphones when you‘re trying to talk to him, make no bones about it; he is not ignoring you, he is disrespecting you. At that point, everything else should stop until he takes the earplugs out of his ears. Don't try to communicate with him when he‘s wearing headphones —even if he tells you he can hear you. Wearing them while you' re talking to him is a sign of disrespect.Parents should be very tough about this kind of thing.Remember, mutual respect becomes more important as children mature. 60.According to the passage, it seldom happens that A.kids turn a deaf ear to their parents‘ requests B.parents‘ directions sound like a broken record C.children are ready to follow their parents' directions D.parents are unaware of what they are repealing to their kids 61.Parents will be able to deal with their children more effectively if they A.avoid direct ways of punishment C.argue and fight with their children . .

B.make them do things at parents‘ request D.allow their children to behave in their own way
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62.It can be inferred from the passage that

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A. parents should take off his headphones when trying to have a talk with their child B. it will make no difference that a kid is wearing his earplugs while talking to his parents C. parents shouldn't give in to their kid when he shows no sign of respect D. kids' purposely talking to their parents with iPod gives them a sense of power and control 63.The main idea of the passage is .

A.that respecting each other is more important than anything else B.how kids behave to ignore and disrespect their parents C.that children should make choices and decisions on their own D.how parents can deal with their kids' behavior effectively C Dear Friend. The recent success of children‘s books has made the general public aware that there's a huge market out there. And there's a growing need for new writers trained to create the $3 billion worth of children's books bought each year……plus stories and articles needed by over 650 publishers of magazines for children and teenagers. Who are these needed writers? They‘re ordinary folks like you and me. But am I good enough? I was once where you might be now. My thoughts of writing had been pushed down by self-doubt, and I didn't know where to turn for help. Then, I accepted a free offer from the Institute to test my writing aptitude(潜能), and it turned out to be the inspiration I needed. The promise that paid off The Institute made the same promise to me that they will make to you, if you show basic writing ability: You will complete at least one manuscript(手稿)suitable to hand in to a publisher by the time you finish our course. I really didn't expect any publication before I finished the course, but that happened. I sold three stories. And I soon discovered that was not unusual at the Institute. Since graduation, I have authored 34 nationally published children's books and over 300 stories and articles. Free test and brochure We offer a free aptitude test and will send you a copy of our brochure describing our recognized home-study
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courses on the basis of one-on-one training.

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Realize your writing dream today. There's nothing sadder than a dream delayed until it fades forever. Sincerely.

Kristi Holl, Instructor Institute of Children's Literature 64. From the first three paragraphs, we learn that A. children's books are usually bestsellers B. publishers are making $3 billion each year C. magazines for teenagers have drawn public attention D. there is a growing need for writers of children's books 65. When finishing the course, you are promised to A. be a successful publisher C. finish one work for publication . .

B. become a confident editor D. get one story or article published

66. Kristi Holl mentions her experience mainly to ____. A. prove she is a good instructor C. Give her advice on course preparation B. Promote the writing program D. Show she sold more stories than articles D Scientists say they now have proof to support the old-fashioned advice that it‘s best to sleep on a problem.They say sleep strengthens the memory and helps the brain organize the masses of information we receive each day. The lead researcher Bob Stickgold at the Harvard Medical School said, ―Sleep helps us draw rules from our experiences.It‘s like knowing the difference between dogs and cats even if it‘s hard to explain.‖ The US research team studied how well students remembered connections between words and symbols, reports New Scientist.They compared how the students performed if they had had a sleep between seeing the words and having the test, and if they had not slept.They found that people were better able to remember lists of related words after a night‘s sleep than after the same time spent awake during the day.They also found it easier to remember themes that the words had in common.But they forgot around one in four more themes if they had been awake.
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Prof.John Groeger, of Survey University‘s Sleep Research Centre, said, ―People have been trying for years to find out what the purpose of sleep is, as we know that only certain parts of it have a restorative (促使康复的) value.‖ ―We form and store huge numbers of experiences in the head every day, and sleep seems to be the way the brain deals with them all.‖ 67.The phrase ―to sleep on a problem‖ in Paragraph 1 most likely means ―________‖. A.to pay full attention to a problem C.to sleep to forget a problem B.to wait until the next day for a decision D.to have difficulty in sleeping

68.In the study by the US research team, students were asked to ________. A.put together words of similar meaning C.show their knowledge of words B.remember words and their meanings D.make up lists of related words

69.Which of the following may be easier to remember? A.Themes learned right before the test. C.Words learned before a good sleep. B.Rules from personal experiences. D.Ideas stored together in the brain.

70.What may be the importance of the research? A.It shows that sleep may help us manage information. B.It helps find out the common themes of words. C.It tells us that more sleep can improve health. D.It proves the value of old-fashioned advice. 阅读理解(共两节,满分 40 分) 56-59 BADA 60-63 CACD 64-66 DCB 67-70 BBCA

黑龙江省哈尔滨市第六中学 2012 届高三上学期期中考试(英语) 第三部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分40分) 第一节(共15小题:每小题2分,满分30分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项。 A Below is some advice on how to sleep better. 1. Maintain a regular bed and wake time schedule Go to bed at the same time every night. Choose a time when you normally feel tired, so that you don‘t toss or turn. Try not to break this routine on weekends when it may be tempting to stay up late. If you want lo change your
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bedtime, help your body adjust by making the change in small daily increments, such as 15 minutes earlier or later each day. As with your bedtime, try to maintain your regular wake-time even on weekends. 2.Fight after-dinner drowsiness(睡意) If you find yourself getting sleepy before your bed-time, get off the couch and do something mildly stimulating to avoid falling asleep, such as washing the dishes, calling a friend, or getting clothes ready for the next day. If you give in to the drowsiness, you may wake up later in the night and have trouble getting back to sleep. 3. Keep your room dark and cool When it‘s time to sleep, make sure that your environment is dark. Even dim light — especially those from TV or computer screens — can confuse the body clock. Heavy curtains or shades can help block light from windows, or you can try an eye mask to cover your eyes. The temperature of your bedroom also affects sleep. A bedroom that is too hot or too cold can interfere with quality sleep. 4. Turn off your television Many people use the television to fall asleep or relax at the end of the day. You may even have a television in your bedroom. However, television actually stimulates the mind, rather than relaxing it. Part of this is due to content. Late night news and prime time shows frequently have disturbing, violent material. Even non-violent programming can have commercials that are jarring and loud. 5. Exercise early Exercise helps promote restful sleep if it is done several hours before you go to bed. Exercise can help you fall asleep faster and sleep more soundly — as long as it ‘s done at the right time. Try to finish exercising at least three hours before bed or work out earlier in the day. 6. Consult your doctor Use a sleep diary and talk to your doctor. Note what type of sleep problem is affecting your sleep or if you are sleepy when you wish to be awake and alert. Try these tips and record your sleep and sleep-related activities in a sleep diary. If problems continue, discuss the sleep diary with your doctor. There may be an underlying cause and you will want to be properly diagnosed. Your doctor will help treat the problem or may refer you to a sleep specialist. 56.To prevent yourself from sleeping too much on weekends, you should________. A. go lo bed 15 minutes earlier than usual B. go to bed at usual time C. go to bed at any time
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D. make an adjustment to your bedtime

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57. Which of the following makes it easier for you to have a sound sleep? A. Watching violent programmes before going to bed. B. Changing your bedtime only a little every day. C. Using heavy curtains or an eye mask to block light. D. Completing your workout just before bedtime. 58. The following ways can help fight after-dinner drowsiness EXCEPT_______. A. making a telephone call B. doing some washing C. getting clothes ready for the next day D. having a rest on the sofa 59. If your sleep problems continue, you‘d better_____________ A. move into a new house B. discuss it with your family C. change your present job D. turn to the doctor for help B When did you last visit a shopping mall? In many places, the answer would be ―last weekend‖. Some people go even more often. Why? For one thing, malls offer goods and services that people need all in one place : food, clothing, things for their houses, entertainment,and even medical services. So, are malls one of the highlights of modern civilization? Environmental activists would say ―No!‖ They would go even further and say that consumer behavior is causing a huge environmental disaster. They cause consumers of ignorance of the side effect of their shopping—urban sprawl (城市杂乱无序拓展的地区). Social scientists agree that patterns of development have changed the landscape a great deal in the last half century. Prior to 1950, most people lived in towns or cities and either walked to work or took public transportation. Only very wealthy people had automobiles. Farmers lived in rural areas or isolated villages and came into town only when they needed things they couldn‘t produce themselves. If you gazed at the landscape you would see towns surrounded by countryside. Then a massive change occurred. Automobiles became affordable and people were quick to adopt them. Now ambitious workers could live in the suburbs, the areas just outside cities, which started to grow rapidly. As long as there was lots of cheap land in
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the suburbs, no one paid much attention to the usage of that land. Malls, fast food restaurants, cinemas, and car dealerships spread out in large, flat buildings. These one - storey buildings and their parking lot took up a great deal of space. Well - meaning farmers thought they were better off selling their land than growing crops. In ignorance, no one realized that once the land was built up in urban sprawl, the good farming land would be ruined forever. There was no way to preserve it. Only in recent years have people come to mourn the old way of life as they have developed insight into the problems of unconditional growth. Now people realize that urban sprawl has come with serious environmental problems. The negative aspects of sprawl include air and water pollution, loss of agricultural land, traffic jams, and the death of businesses in the old town centers. Many scholars think the time has come to analyze the problems better so we can develop appropriate policies to control further sprawl. Some think the best way to do is to educate citizens about their priceless environment. 60. What is mainly discussed in the passage? A. Urban sprawl C. New automobiles B. Weekend fun D. Isolated villages

61. Who do activists blame for environmental problems? A. Endangered animals. C. Shopping mall owners. B. Unthinking shoppers. D. Ambitious farmers.

62. What does the underlined word ―They‖ refer to in the first paragraph?. A. Activists B. Malls. C. Farmers. D. Scientists.

63. What is the scholars‘ attitude toward urban sprawl? A. Respectful. B. Pessimistic. C. Disapproving. C Parents are often amazed at how fast their child grows and develops. New research has determined that the ability to quantify may develop much sooner than most parents realize. Kristy vanMarle, professor of the University of Missouri, has determined that contrary to what previous studies have shown, infants(婴儿)are able to quantify substances(物质)—like sand or water—as early as 10 months. As long as the difference between the two substances is large enough, infants will choose the larger amount, especially when it comes to food. With the assistance of her team researchers, vanMarle tested the quantifying skills of babies by presenting them with two cups: one containing a small amount of food, and one containing a larger amount. Consistently, the
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D. Doubtful.

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babies chose the larger amount.

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―Several studies throughout the last 15 years have shown that infants are very good at telling how many objects they see; however, infants don‘t seem to count things like water or sand,‖ vanMarle said. ―What we‘re saying is that they can quantify substances; it‘s just much harder. The infants can see how much food goes into each cup and compare that in their memories. They decide which amount is larger, and they almost always select the larger one.‖ ―This information further refutes(驳斥)the long-held idea that babies ―know nothing of the world,‖ vanMarle said. ―Since psychologists have begun studying infants with sensitive measures, we‘ve discovered a lot of early abilities. I think for parents, it should be exciting to know that there‘s somebody in there that has some fundamental and basic knowledge of the world, and that knowledge is guiding their development,‖ vanMarle said. In the future, vanMarle says this kind of study could be linked to a child‘s progress in math-related skills, although programs marketed to increase those abilities, such as ―Baby Einstein,‖ still have mixed reviews when it comes to academic study. 64. The quantifying ability refers to the ability to A. get much knowledge of the world B. identify the quantity of something C. choose between different substances D. obtain math-related skills 65. Babies choose the larger amount of food A. on personal preference C. with the help of parents 66. We can learn from the text that . .

B. by saying numbers D. through their natural abilities .

A. people used to think the world is known to babies B. scholars disagree on baby-training programs C. little research has been done on infants D. some parents don‘t care about their kids D The website ―FarmersOnly.com‖ calls itself an online dating and friendship finder. The idea started in the mind of a man, Jerry Miller in Ohio. He wondered how farmers could meet new people who understand the life of a
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farmer. Jerry Miller is not a farmer but he represents a lot of farmers. As he tells it, the idea for the site was planted when a farmer told him one day that she was recently divorced and would like to date. But someone would invite her to meet for coffee at nine o‘clock at night, when she had to start her day at five the next morning. So, in 2005, Jerry Miller launched his website. ―You don‘t have to be a farmer to be on FarmersOnly.com, but you do have to have the good old-fashioned traditional values of America‘s Heartland.‖ You also have to live in the United States or Canada to be a member of the site. Some services are free, but a full membership costs fifty dollars for a year. As of last week the site listed more than 58,000 members. Many of them are farmers in the United States. Others are students or workers involved in some way with agriculture. Jerry Miller tells us about thirty marriages in the last year have resulted from his website. Some farmers have also found love through a group, Singles in Agriculture, which was formed as a nonprofit organization in 1986. It organizes gatherings that usually end with a dance, but is not a dating service. The purpose is to support educational and social activities that offer people a chance for friendship. Its website, singlesinag.org, says there are more than 1,000 members across the nation and as far away as France. 67. Jerry Miller started singlesinag.org in order to A. help farmers C. support traditions .

B. represent farmers D. understand farmers

68. Which of the following is true of singlesinag.org? A. It provides dating services. B. Only farmers can become its members. C. Its services are free. D. Farmers in France can‘t benefit from it. 69. The author of the text intends to A. advertise for the two websites B. urge readers to help farmers C. intro duce two websites D. encourage social activities 70. It can be inferred from the text that A. farmers are easy to meet new people B. the Internet helps improve farmers‘ social life
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.

.

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C. all farmers desire marriage D. more farmers get divorced in the USA 56 B 57 C 58 D 59 D 60 A 61. B 62 B

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63 C 64-66 BDB

67-70 A CCB 吉林省吉林一中 2012 届高三第二次摸底试题(英语)

第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分 40 分) 第一节(共 15 小题; 每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出最佳选项。 A New Zealand What can you see? Mountains, volcanoes, rivers, lakes, waterfalls, forests, beaches. Both islands are

mountainous. In fact, only 30% of New Zealand is flat. The Maoris When the Maoris first arrived in New Zealand, they lived in villages and were excellent fishermen, hunters and farmers. About 50 years ago many Maoris started to live and work in the large cities and took jobs in government, industries, medicine and education. They are proud of their culture and are determined to keep many of the customs which are part of their way of life. Who can you meet? Most people live on North Island. Eighty-five percent of New Zealanders are ―pakeha‖

(―white men‖), which means their ―great grandfathers‖ came from Europe. Ten percent are Maoris. The Maoris came to New Zealand from the Polynesian islands probably around the tenth century. The ―pakeha‖ started to arrive in New Zealand from Europe about 200 years ago as farmers and traders. Fact box: New Zealand Position: South of the Equator ; Nearest neighbour: Australia, 1600 km away. sq. km.

Size: Two main islands — North Island and South Island: together they are 268.680 Population: 4 million Capital: Wellington Languages: English and Maori 46. Which of the following is a fact about New Zealand? A. 20% of the population being Maoris.
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B. Four million white people. C. About 1600 km south of the Equator. D. Nearly 1/3 of the country being plains.

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47. The country‘s population is mainly made up of _________. A. the white people and the Polynesians B. the white people and the ―pakeha‖ C. the Maoris and the white people D. the Maoris and the Polynesians 48. When did the white people begin to live in New Zealand? A. 1000 years ago. C. 85 years ago. 49. What do the Maoris value most in life? A. Living in small villages. C. Keeping their own culture. B. Developing farming skills. D. Taking up government jobs. B My bookshelves are full of dust — and with good reason. When it comes to cleaning that part of my home, I suffer from the most serious case of avoidance (回避反应症). The thing is this: when I do set out to clean and re-organize my books, which seldom happens, I place myself into a really bad situation. No sooner do I take a title from the shelf, blow off the dust, and wipe down the cover than I find myself sitting on the floor with legs crossed and my back against the wall. Pretty soon books get piled up on my legs as I am reunited with old friends. It is as if these books have voices, and each wants to say its piece. ―Remember me? I was given to you when you went into the Navy, so that you would never lack for companionship,‖ one whispers. Another says, ―I was your first book of poems, given to you before you learned to love poetry.‖ And a third, ―I was the book that made history so attractive to you.‖ Perhaps the greatest pleasure of re-organizing my books are the surprises — or better said, reunions — that occur. During my latest book-cleaning adventure, I found one that had fallen behind the shelf: ―Tales of Edgar Allan Poe.‖ Not an unusual title, but the words written on the first page made it very special: ―With Love from Mom and Dad, Christmas 1965.‖ What‘s this? A book on the physics of lasers(激光). It is filled with mathematical statements, and I had bought it at a library sale when I was 12, not long after the laser had been
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B. 200 years ago. D. 50 years ago.

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invented. I couldn‘t understand a bit of it, but I did learn what ―laser‖ meant. What I end up with when I empty my bookshelves is a cross-section (横剖面) of my personal history. It‘s like a road cut where one sees all the layers of rock going back through time to the beginning of the simplest life forms. The books I‘ve read — and kept — are not just old friends. They are my ré sumé . 50. What could be said about the author? A. He is too busy to tidy up his bookshelves. B. He considers his books treasured possessions. C. He has made a lot of notes in his books. D. He is a lover of science books. 51. By saying that his books have voices, the author means ________ . A. they bring back happy memories B. they are recorded in human voice C. they say a lot about human history D. they offer good topics for discussion 52. What does the author enjoy most from re-organizing his books? A. Finding some missing books. B. Putting books in good order. C. Learning something new from the books. D. Rediscovering interesting stories behind some books. 53. The underlined word ―résumé‖ in the last paragraph probably means ______. A. personal history C. good companion B. precious notes D. simple life forms C Most of us fear getting up and speaking in public. Many people don‘t like to go gathering where they don‘t know anyone, but while most of us soldier on (迎难而上), those with social anxiety disorder are often stopped by the terror and worry. Research shows that around fifteen million Americans suffer from social anxiety disorder. People in this condition feel that they are always being watched. Even though they know these fears are unreasonable, they cannot overcome their fears on their own. Social anxiety disorder sufferers are often misdiagnosed with conditions such as schizophrenia (精神分裂症)
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and personality disorder. Many feel lonely, and are unsure whether anyone else can understand their thoughts and emotions. This can lead to withdrawal from most social situations, even to being unable to hold employment. Those who suffer from social anxiety disorder are often dismissed(辞退)as being shy. This is simply not the case; shyness is not even a symptom of social anxiety disorder. The majority of sufferers find their symptoms linked to specific situations, rather than all types of social interactions. An important step in overcoming social anxiety disorder is seeking out a therapist who specializes in training this type of disorder. Group treatment has been shown to be especially effective. Medication also help reduce the symptoms, but it should not be used as a replacement for psychotherapy (心理疗法). On your own, you can help reduce the symptoms by taking deep breaths and practising medication or prayer. Alcohol and nicotine should be avoided, as both can cause panic attacks. Exercises can relieve the symptoms, because it burns up the chemicals in your body that cause stress. 54. Patients with social anxiety disorder________________________________. A. are shy in all situations B. feel they don‘t understand themselves C. are anxious and terrified while speaking in public D. feel it is unreasonable to be watched by others 55. We know from the passage that___________________________________. A. most people will try to fight against social anxiety disorder B. shyness is the main symptom of social anxiety disorder C. people who feel lonely are often misdiagnosed with social anxiety disorder D. psychotherapy is very important in treating social anxiety disorder 56. According to the passage, if Jack suffers from social anxiety disorder, he should_________. A. burn up some unsafe chemicals C. practise speaking in public B. ask for help from a doctor D. resign from his present job

57. We are most likely to find this passage in________________________________. A. American Culture C. Family Doctor B. Cross Country D. English Nature

D Freda Bright says, "Only in opera do people die of love." It's true. You really can't love somebody to death.
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I've known people to die from no love, but I've never known anyone to be loved to death. We just can't love one another enough. A heart-warming story tells of a woman who finally decided to ask her boss for a raise in salary. All day she felt nervous and late in the afternoon she summoned the courage to approach her employer. To her delight, the boss agreed to a raise. The woman arrived home that evening to a beautiful table set with their best dishes. Candles were softly glowing. Her husband had come home early and prepared a festive meal. She wondered if someone from the office had tipped him off, or... did he just somehow know that she would not get turned down? She found him in the kitchen and told him the good news. They embraced and kissed, then sat down to the wonderful meal. Next to her plate the woman found a beautifully lettered note. It read: "Congratulations, darling! I knew you'd get the raise! These things will tell you how much I love you." Following the supper, her husband went into the kitchen to clean up. She noticed that a second card had fallen from his pocket. Picking it off the floor, she read: "Don't worry about not getting the raise! You deserve it anyway! These things will tell you how much I love you." Someone has said that the measure of love is when you love without measure. What this man feels for his wife is total acceptance and love, whether she succeeds or fails. His love celebrates her victories and soothes her wounds. He stands with her, no matter what life throws in their direction. Upon receiving the Nobel Peace Prize, Mother Teresa said: "What can you do to promote world peace? Go home and love your family." And love your friends. Love them without measure. 58. The sentence in the first paragraph ―Only in opera do people die of love.‖ means __________. A. no love in the world is believable B. love is one thing, and life is another C. love in operas is truly touching D. love can survive forever, though people die at different ages 59. That the husband prepared her a second letter about her raise suggests that________________. A. he loves her because he believes that she is sure to receive a raise B. he has a great way to promote his wife‘s love towards him C. he had a false love for people even if the person is his wife D. he loves his family members truly, whether they are in good conditions or not 60. From the text, we might say the author_________________________________.
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A. refuses any spiritual emotions as embraced and kissed B. criticize the attitude of suspicion (怀疑) of the love C. doesn‘t believe there is true love in the world D. thinks the true love does not expect repayment

46. D。细节理解题。由第一段最后一句可知。 47. C。细节判断题。由第三段第一、二、三行可知。 48. B。细节理解题。由第三段最后一句可知。 49. C。细节理解题。由第二段最后一句可知。 50. B。推理判断题。由最后一段可知。 51. A。推理判断题。由第二段可知。 52. D。归纳概括题。由第三段可知。 53. A。猜测词义。由最后一段可知。 54. C。细节理解题。由第一段可知。 55. D。细节理解题。由第五段最后一句可知,药物不能代替心理疗法,可见其重要性。 56. B。 细节理解题。 由第五段第一句话可知。 其中 therapist 一词可根据下文 who specializes in training this type of disorder.猜出词意为―治疗师‖。 57. C。推理判断题。全文都是围绕社交焦虑症这一病症展开的,故选 C。 58. A。猜测词义题。本句句意为:为爱而死的人只有戏里有。即不相信真实生活中会有这种情况。 59. D。细节推理题。文章表明,丈夫深爱着妻子,所以做了两手准备,不管妻子是否能够成功,丈夫都会 尽自己所能使妻子感受到爱的温暖。 60. D。主旨大意题。作者从开始引用别人的话―为爱而死的人只有戏里有‖,到后来举出生活中的例子,尤 其从后两段中说明―真爱不求回报‖。 江苏省淮州中学 2012 届高三 10 月月考(英语)

第三部分 阅读理解(共 15 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) 请认真阅读下列短文,从短文后各题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将 该项涂黑。 A A woman renewing her driver‘s license at the County Clerk‘s office was asked to state her occupation. She
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hesitated, uncertain how to classify herself.

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―What I mean is,‖ explained the recorder, ―do you have a job, or are you just a …‖ ―Of course I have a job,‖ said Emily. ―I‘m a mother.‖ ―We don‘t list ?mother‘ as an occupation… ?housewife‘ covers it,‖ said the recorder. One day I found myself in the same situation. The clerk was obviously a career woman, confident and possessed of a high sounding title. ―What is your occupation?‖ she asked. The words simply popped out. ―I‘m a Research Associate in the field of Child Development and Human Relations.‖ The clerk paused, ballpoint pen frozen in midair. I repeated the title slowly, then I stared with wonder as my statement was written in bold, black ink on the official questionnaire. ―Might I ask,‖ said the clerk with new interest, ―Just what you do in this field?‖ Coolly, without any trace of panic in my voice, I heard myself reply, ―I have a continuing program of research (what mother doesn‘t), in the lab and in the field (normally I would have said indoors and out). Of course, the job is one of the most demanding in the humanities (any mother care to disagree?), and I often work 14 hours a day (24 is more like it). But the job is more challenging than most careers and rewards are more of a satisfaction rather than just money.‖ There was an increasing note of respect in the clerk‘s voice as she completed the form, stood up, and showed me out. As I drove into our driveway, buoyed up (鼓舞) by my glamorous new career, I was greeted by my lab assistants---ages 13, 7, and 3. Upstairs I could hear our new experimental model (a 6 month old baby), in the child-development program, testing out a new vocal(嗓音的) pattern. I felt proud! I had gone on the official records as someone more distinguished and indispensable (不可缺少 的) to mankind than ―just another mother.‖ Motherhood…What a glorious career! Especially when there‘s a title on the door. 56. What can we infer from the conversation between the woman and the recorder at the beginning of the passage? A. Motherhood was not recognized and respected as a job by society. B. The recorder was impatient and rude.
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C. The author was upset about the situation that mothers faced. D. The woman felt ashamed to admit what her job was. 57. How did the female clerk feel at first when the author told her occupation? A. curious B. indifferent C. interested D. puzzled

58. Why did the woman clerk show more respect for the author? A. Because the author cared little about rewards. B. Because she admired the author‘s research work in the lab. C. Because the writer did something she had little knowledge of. D. Because she thought the author did admirable work. 59. What is the author‘s purpose of writing the passage? A. To show how you describe your job affects your feelings toward it. B. To show that the author had a grander job than Emily. C. To argue that motherhood is a worthy career and deserves respect. D. To show that being a mother is hard and boring work. B IQUIQUE, Chile (Reuters) — Rescue workers at the San Jose gold and copper mine in northern Chile had reason to sing this week. A small hole drilled into the earth became a passage to freedom for 33 trapped miners, who spent 69 days underground. ―Never have people been trapped for so long so deeply,‖ says a doctor at NASA, the American space agency, which helped in the rescue. But the chief medical officer for the miners said most are in good enough health to leave the hospital within a day or so. The first three recovered and went home Thursday night. For much of the day the miners relaxed with Chilean President Sebastian Pinera. The 32 Chileans and 1 Bolivian still wore special sunglasses to protect their eyes. A partial mine collapse on 5th August trapped them more than half a kilometer underground. They had to stretch a two-day food supply. For two weeks no one knew if they were alive or dead. Later, they received supplies. The first miner rescued on Wednesday was Florencio Avalos. The second was Mario Sepulveda, who talked about how the experience tested his faith. The last miner up was Luis Urzua, who was the shift leader when his crew became trapped. Rescuers used a metal cage to pull the miners to safety in less than 24 hours — faster than expected. The
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rescue capsule was a half-meter wide and known as the Phoenix, an imaginary bird from ancient stories. It bursts into flames but is continually reborn and rises from the ashes. Chile‘s Navy built the capsule with advice from mining experts and NASA engineers. It worked like an elevator, traveling up and down on a cable through a shaft(竖井)drilled 622 meters into the rocks. Millions of people around the world watched the rescue. More than one thousand journalists traveled to the mine in the Atacama Desert to report on the rescue. They joined family members of the miners and rescue crews housed in an area of tents known as Camp Hope. 60. What would be the best title for the passage? A. Rescued miners speak out C. Miners‘ life deep underground 61. How many rescued miners are still in hospital? A. 3. B. 33. C. 30. D. 69. B. A rebirth for 33 rescued miners in Chile D. Chilean president honors rescued miners

62. A. It was a wooden cage like a capsule. C. It worked efficiently in the rescue.

B. It was named after a real Chilean bird. D. It was built by NASA engineers.

63. The rescue is great for the reason that ______. A. it lasted so long and the miners were trapped so deep B. the American space agency took part C. Chilean President was on the rescuing spot D. 33 trapped miners were saved C E— The environmental Magazine If you are concerned about your health , your family‘s health and the future of our planet , and want to know ― What can I do ? ‖ to make a difference , you‘ll love reading E —The Environmental Magazine . A 12-time Independent Press Awards winner and nominee (被提名者) ,E is full of everything environmental —from recycling to rainforests and from the global village to our own backyards . 1 year (6 issues ) — $24.95 2 years (12 issues ) — $ 34.95 Add $ 10.00 /year for Canadian postage Add $ 40.00 / year for foreign postage Edinburgh Young Caregivers Project
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We work with young caregivers . We want to colour the lives of some of these young people by introducing them to someone who will try to understand them , listen , work towards agreed goals and have some FUN ! Is that person you ? Are you aged 18-25 ? Could you help and encourage a young person to recognize what they want and work towards getting it ? You can encourage and help someone and in return help yourself ! You will learn new skills and build on your own experience . Contact : Sue Mackay Email : sue.mackay @ yahoocarers .org.uk Belvedere Castle Exhibit Date (s ): February 16 ,2008—February 16 , 2018 Time(s) : 10:00a.m—5:00p.m Event scheduling : Sunday , Tuesday , Wednesday , Thursday , Friday , Saturday Event details : The exhibit covers two floors of the Castle , and currently features an informational panel (面) on the importance of trees and display of common birds that can be found in surrounding areas . All Ages . Free . Reservations required for groups of 25 people or more . Call 212-772-0210 for information . ( click to show map ) Tennis Skills Camp August 2-6 , 2010 registration deadline : July 15, 2010 This camp , held on the Alfred University Tennis Courts,is for boys and girls entering grades 7-12. Training at the beginners through advanced levels will be provided . This camp is directed and coached by Dave Brady , tennis coach at Alfred-Almond Central School . Camp sessions will be held Monday through Friday , from 4:00-6:30 p.m Cost : $ 150 per person 64. From the first ad , we know E—The Environmental Magazine ________ . A. mainly deals with political problems C. is a monthly publication 65 .The second ad is intended for _______ . A. job seekers B. trainers C. teachers D. volunteers B. costs a Canadian reader $34.95 a year D. has won Independent press Awards 12 times

66. What do we know about Belvedere Castle Exhibit ? A. It mainly focuses on wildlife . B. A group of more than 25 visitors to it can get a discount . C. It lasts for more than eleven years .
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D. You can go to see the exhibit every day during the week . D Perhaps you have never heard of Katherine Lawes.Katherine was the wife of Lewis Lawes, warden (监狱 长) at Sing Sing Prison from 1920 to 1941.In these 21 years he made many reforms --- and an important part of his success was due to his wife Katherine. Katherine took seriously the idea that the prisoners are human beings ,worthy of attention and respect .She regularly visited inside the walls of Sing Sing.She encouraged the prisoners, took things to them and spent time listening to them.Most importantly, she cared about them.And as a result, they cared deeply about her. Then one night in October of 1937, news was "telegraphed" between the prison cells that Katherine had been killed in an accident.The prisoners asked the warden to allow them to attend her funeral.He agreed to their strange request and a few days later the south gate of Sing Sing swung slowly open.Hundreds of men who had committed almost every crime imaginable marched slowly out of the prison, later gathered again at the gate and returned to their cells.There were so many that they proceeded unguarded.But no one tried to escape.If he had, the others might have killed him immediately.So devoted were they to Katherine Lawes, the woman who daily walked into Hell to show the men a piece of Heaven. Katherine' s strength was to see the men less as prisoners and more as individuals.Thomas Moore once said, "We can only treat badly those things or people whose souls we show no respect for." 67 . When Katherine's husband was the warden at Sing Sing Prison, she did the following things EXCEPT_______________. A.encouraging the prisoners B.visiting the prison houses

C.spending time in listening to the prisoners D. doing some writing for the prisoner 68.Why did the prisoners ask the warden to allow them to attend Katherine‘s funeral? A.Because Katherine was the wife of the warden. B. Because Katherine didn't look down upon them and cared about them. C.Because Katherine made reforms in the prison. D.Because Katherine had been killed by one of them. 69.Whom does the underlined part ―the others‖ refer to? A.The policemen at the funeral. C. The other prisoners. B.The guards. D.The policemen from other prisons.

70.The best title of this passage is_________.
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A.To Honor Their Souls C.To Meet Their Requirement 第三部分 56-59 ADDC 60—63 BCCA 64-66. BDA

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B.Reforms at Sing Sing Prison D. Katherine Lawes' s Life

67-70 DBCA

江苏省如皋中学 2012 届高三上学期质量检测(英语) 第三部分:阅读理解(共 15 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 A Temperature is measured by means of a thermometer (温度计). One general form of thermometer depends upon the fact that most solids and liquids expand as their temperature rises. There are one or two exceptions. There is, for instance, a kind of steel called invar (from ―invariable‖) which does not change its dimensions as temperature changes; it is valuable for making pendulums (钟摆), since, if the length of a pendulum changes, its time of vibration changes. It is also used for making very accurate measuring scales. In both cases, then, changes of atmospheric temperature have no effect if invar is used. Another exception is that very odd liquid, water, which has many strange properties (特性). As water gets colder it contracts (收缩), which is ordinary behavior, until it reaches the temperature of 30℃ above freezing . point. After that, as it gets colder, it expands. This is fortunate---for considering the freezing of a pond. As the water on top gets colder, it shrinks; and so, volume for volume, it becomes heavier and sinks. This goes on until all the pond is at 30℃ but after that, as the water becomes colder it expands. Therefore the colder water stays on , top and freezes, covering the pond with ice. If the water went on contracting down to the freezing point, the pond would become a solid block of ice in the end. This would not worry people who live in hot climates, but it would be very serious for those who live in cold climates, especially for those who want to break the ice and catch fish which live in the cold water beneath. 56. Invar is valuable for making pendulums because _______. A. it can hardly change its shape or size as temperature changes. B. it will change its dimensions without the change of temperature. C. its time of vibration doesn‘t change if its length changes. D. its time of vibration does change if its length changes. 57. As water gets colder after reaching the temperature of 30℃ it will _______. . A. contract B. shrink C. expand
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D. freeze

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58. Which of the following statements is true, according to this passage? A. Only invar can be used to make a thermometer. B. Only water can be used to make a thermometer. C. Both invar and water can be used to make a thermometer. D. Neither invar nor water can be used to make a thermometer. 59. The best title of this passage is most likely to be _____. A. Temperature Measurement C. Uses of Invar B. Two Exceptions D. Properties of Water B I was walking along the main street of a small seaside town in the north of England looking for somewhere to make a phone call. My car had broken down outside the town and I wanted to contact the AA. Low grey clouds were gathering across the sky and there was a cold damp wind blowing off the sea which nearly threw me off my feet every time I crossed one of the side streets. It had rained in the night and water was dripping from the bare trees that lined the street. I was glad that I was wearing a thick coat. There was no sign of a call box, nor was there anyone at that early hour whom I could ask. I had thought I might find a shop open selling the Sunday papers or a milkman doing his rounds, but the town was completely dead. The only living thing I saw was a thin frightened cat outside a small restaurant. Then suddenly I found what I was looking for. There was a small post office, and almost hidden from sight in a dark narrow street next to it was the town‘s only public call box, which badly needed a coat of paint. I hurried forward, but stopped in astonishment when I saw through the dirty glass that there was a man inside. He was fat, and was wearing a cheap blue plastic raincoat. I could not see his face and he did not even raise his head at the sound of my footsteps. Discreetly(谨慎地), I remained standing a few feet away and lit a cigarette to wait my turn. It was when I threw the dead match on the ground that I noticed something bright red trickling from under the call box door. 60. At what time was the story set? A. An early winter morning. C. An early summer morning. B. A cold winter afternoon. D. A windy summer afternoon.

61. Which of the following words best describe the writer‘s impression of the town? A. Cold and frightening. C. Empty and dead. B. Dirty and crowded. D. Unusual and unpleasant.
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62. Why didn‘t the man raise his head when the writer came near? A. He was annoyed at being seen by the writer. B. He was angry at being disturbed by the writer. C. He was probably fast asleep. D. He was probably murdered. C Like fine food, good writing is something we approach with pleasure and enjoy from the first taste to the last. And good writers, like good cooks, do not suddenly appear full – blown. Quite the opposite, just as the cook has to undergo a particular training, mastering the skills of his trade, the writer must sit at his desk and devote long hours to achieving a style in his writing, whatever its purpose---school work, matters of business, or purely social communication. You may be sure that the more painstaking the effort, the more effective the writing, and the more rewarding. There are still some faraway places in the world where you might find a public scribe(文书) to do your business or social writing for you, for money. There are a few managers who are lucky enough to have the service of that rare kind of secretary who can take care of all sorts of letter writing with no more than a quick note to work from. But for most of us, if there is any writing to be done, we have to do it ourselves. We have to write school papers, business papers or home papers. We are constantly called on to put words to papers. It would be difficult to count the number of such words, messages, letters, and reports put into mails or delivered by hand, but the daily figures must be extremely large. What is more, everyone who writes expects, or at least hopes whatever he writes will be read, from first word to last, not just thrown into some ―letters-to-be-read‖ files or into a wastepaper basket. This is the reason we bend our efforts toward learning and practicing the skills of interesting, effective writing. 63. In this passage, good writing is compared to fine food because A. both are enjoyable C. both are necessary to life B. both are hard to learn D. both take a long time to prepare .

64. According to the passage, which of the following statements is true? A. Writing skills are less important than experience. B. A good writer should have his own way of writing. C. A good writer should learn to write all kinds of articles. D. The more efforts one makes, the more money one can earn.
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65. The author thinks that the most important reason for us to practice writing skills is A. to earn our living C. to do daily reports easily B. to attract others to read D. to become good secretaries .

66. The purpose of the author in writing this passage is to A. comment and blame C. explain and persuade B. introduce and describe D. interest and inform D

I am a German by birth and descent. My name is Schmidt. But by education I am quite as much an Englishman as a 'Deutscher', and by affection much more the former. My life has been spent pretty equally between the two countries, and I flatter myself I speak both languages without any foreign accent. I count England my headquarters now: it is ―home‖ to me. But a few years ago I was resident in Germany, only going over to London now and then on business. I will not mention the town where I lived. It is unnecessary to do so, and in the peculiar experience I am about to relate I think real names of people and places are just as well, or better avoided. I was connected with a large and important firm of engineers. I had been bred up to the profession, and was credited with a certain amount of ―talent‖; and I was considered—and, with all modesty, I think I deserved the opinion—steady and reliable, so that I had already attained a fair position in the house, and was looked upon as a ―rising man‖. But I was still young, and not quite so wise as I thought myself. I came close once to making a great mess of a certain affair. It is this story which I am going to tell. Our house went in largely for patents—rather too largely, some thought. But the head partner's son was a bit of a genius in his way, and his father was growing old, and let Herr Wilhelm - Moritz we will call the family name—do pretty much as he chose. And on the whole Herr Wilhelm did well. He was cautious, and he had the benefit of the still greater caution and larger experience of Herr Gerhardt, the second partner in the firm. Patents and the laws which regulate them are strange things to have to do with. No one who has not had personal experience of the complications that arise could believe how far these spread and how involved they become. Great acuteness as well as caution is called for if you would guide your patent bark safely to port—and perhaps more than anything, a power of holding your tongue. I was no chatterbox, nor, when on a mission of importance, did I go about looking as if I were bursting with secrets, which is, in my opinion, almost as dangerous as revealing them. No one, to meet me on the journeys which it often fell to my lot to undertake, would have guessed that I had anything on my mind but an easy-going young fellow's natural interest in his surroundings,
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though many a time I have stayed awake through a whole night of railway travel if at all doubtful about my fellow-passengers, or not dared to go to sleep in a hotel without a ready-loaded gun by my pillow. For now and then - though not through me - our secrets did ooze out. And if, as has happened, they were secrets connected with Government orders or contracts, there was, or but for the exertion of the greatest energy and tact on the part of my superiors, there would have been, to put it plainly, the devil to pay. 67. The writer preferred to be called ________. A. a German C. both a German and an Englishman D. neither a German nor an Englishman 68. Which of the following words cannot be used to describe the writer? A. Talented B. Modest C. Reliable D. Wise B. an Englishman

69. The head of the company where the writer works is ________. A. Schmidt B. Moritz C. Wilhelm‘s father D. Gerhardt

70. The writer often stayed awake on the train or kept a ready-loaded gun in the hotel, because ________. A. some people sometimes let out the secrets of his company B. the writer occasionally didn‘t keep the secrets of his company C. patents and the laws are strange things to have to do with D. the secrets were connected with Government orders or contracts 阅读理解 (A) ACDB (C) A B B C (B) A C D (D) BDCA

江苏省宿迁市2012届高三模拟试题(一) (英语) 第三部分 阅读理解(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 A The antarctic is actually a desert. It is the only continent on the earth without a river or a lake. The antarctic is all ice all year round. The warmest temperature ever recorded there is zero, at the South Pole. Explorers used to think that so cold a place would have a heavy snowfall. But less than ten inches of snow falls each year. That is less than half an inch of water. Ten times that much moisture(雨量) falls in parts of the Sahara. The little snow that falls in Antarctica never melts. It continues to pile up deeper and deeper year after year
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and century after century . When the snow gets to be about eighty feet deep it is turned to ice by the weight of the snow above it. 56.Antarctica is called a desert because it ________________ . A.is sandy C. has little moisture and no lakes or rivers. 57.The antarctic has __________ . A.ten times as much moisture as the Sahara C. about one-tenth the moisture of the Sahara B. the same amount of moisture as the Sahara D.none of these B.has the same temperature as a desert D. all of the above

58. The snow in Antarctica is very deep because it _______________ . A. never stops falling C. never melts 59.Which of the following is true? A.The heavy snow falls in Antarctica quite often. B. The snow turns to ice when the next snowfall comes. C. The snow falling in Antarctica hardly melts. D. Antarctica is the world‘s coldest continent. (CCDD) B. A poor traveller stopped under the tree to eat the boiled rice and vegetalbes which he had brought with him. A few metres away, there was a small shop by the side of the road where a woman was frying fish and selling it to travellers. The woman watched the poor traveller carefully, and when he finished his food and began to go, she shouted rudely, ―You haven‘t paid me for the fried fish!‖ ―But I have not had any fried fish !‖ he said. ―But everyone can see that you enjoyed the smell of my fried fish with your rice and vegetables,‖ said the woman, ―If you had not smelled the fish, your meal would not have been so pleasant!‖ Soon a crowd collected, and although they supported the poor traveller, they had to admit that wind was blowing from the shop to the place where he had eaten, and that it had carried the smell of the fried fish to him. Finally, the woman took the poor traveller to a judge, who said: ―The woman says that the traveller ate his meal with the smell of her fried fish. The traveller agrees that the wind was blowing from the woman‘s shop to the place where he ate his rice and vegetables and that it carried the smell of her fried fish to his nose while he was eating, so he must pay for it . What does your fried fish cost?‖ he asked the woman. ―Twenty-five cents a plate,‖ she answered, delighted.
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B. piles up year after year D. both B and C

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―Then go outside together,‖ said the judge. ―There the traveller must hold up a twenty-five-cent piece so that its shadow(影子) falls on the woman‘s hand. The price of the smell of a plate of fried fish is the shadow of twenty-five cents.‖ 60. Why did the traveller refuse to pay the woman for the fried fish? Because __________. A. he was poor C. he was supported by a crowd. B. he was rude D.he hadn‘t eaten her fried fish at all

61. When the judge asked the woman a question, she felt ___________. A. excited B. anxious C. glad D. angry

62. Which of the following statements is true? A. The traveller bought the boiled rice and vegetables and ate them by the side of the road. B. The judge had no idea what the woman meant. C. In the fifth paragraph, the first ―it‖ has the same meaning as the second ―it‖. D.The woman got nothing but the shadow of twenty-five cents in the end. 63. What do you think of the judge after reading the passage? A. He was foolish. C. He was neitheer foolish nor clever. B. He was clever. D. He was kind enough to give the woman twenty-five cents. (DCDB) C. ―If you run for more than five minutes at any time, you might need a pair of running shoes,‖ advises Stephen Pribut, a US sports medicine expert. Running shoes are highly technical footwear. They provide stability while bearing up to three times the wearer‘s body weight. But it‘s not easy to find the right pair. Finding the right running shoes is something of an art, or a science and a feel. The science part begins with the shape of the arch(弓)of your foot, which anyone can find out at home with this quick experiment: Put your foot in water and place it on a piece of brown paper. If you see a ―C‖ shape on the paper when you remove your foot, you have a rare high arch. If the shape looks more like a rectangle, that means you have flat feet. See something in between? That‘s a normal arch. Conveniently for shoppers, shoe companies nowadays divide their shoes in three categories: neutral(for high arches), stability(for normal or low arches) and motion control(for flat arches). So you will know which type suits you. At this point, most people would just grab an appealing shoe and try it on. But professionals would do a few
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quality-control tests. First, you bend the shoe toe to heel to see where it bends. If it‘s not at the forefoot---where the foot actually bends, be afraid. Then you grip both ends and twist in opposite directions. If you can twist it like a towel, it means there‘s zero support. Finally, you squeeze the heel in both directions. A stable heel won‘t cave in. Now you need to check the mold that shapes the inside of the shoe: whether it‘s wide or narrow in the mid-foot, how it sits on the heel and how roomy the toe box is. It‘s wise to hold off until the afternoon to make the shoe purchase, to allow for any swelling that your feet do throughout the day. Toes also decide sizing choice. The rule is you need a finger‘s width from your longest toe (whether that‘s your big one or not) to the end of the shoe. 64.What is the main idea of this passage? A.Advantages of wearing running shoes fitting you. B.Ways to get to know about the shape of the arch of your foot. C.Advice on how to choose the right pair of running shoes. D.Best time to buy a pair of running shoes. 65.If the arch of your foot looks like a ―C‖ shape, you have _________. A.a normal arch B.a high arch C.a flat arch D.a low arch

66.The underlined phrase ―cave in‖ most probably means ______. A.bend B.stretch (CBA) D Anthony Horowitz was miserable as child. He was, as he put it, ―not very bright‖ and couldn‘t win the attention of his very wealthy parents, who preferred his ―clever‖ older brother. At age 8, Horowitz was sent away to an abusive boarding school in his native England, even though he screamed and pleaded(恳求) with his parents year after year not to send him. ―The thought was, ?It‘ll be good for him,‘‖ he recalled. It was not. Horowitz did badly in his studies, had few friends and was bullied for five years. ―My teachers couldn't have had a lower opinion of me,‖ he said. ―I wasn't even smart enough to rebel. The one thing I remember from the very earliest age was this desire to write. When I was 10 years old, I remember asking my parents to get me a typewriter for my birthday because I wanted to be a writer.‖ Now, at age of 55, Horowitz is one of the world's most successful children's book authors. His Alex Rider series has sold more than 5 million copies, and the eighth book featuring the young spy, Crocodile Tears, came out this month.
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C.shake

D.crash

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The Alex Rider books tell the adventures of 14-year-old Alex Rider, an agent for the British intelligence agency M16. Horowitz said he doesn't try to write for kids; it just comes out that way. ―I have a feeling it's to do with purity and simplicity. I give as little information as is necessary to describe the room, the character in the room, and get on with the action,‖ he said. The style has also made Horowitz a successful writer of television shows for adults in Britain because, he says, writing books for kids is a lot like writing television for grown-ups: In both cases, it's all about entertaining people with a good story. Now, Horowitz couldn't be happier with his life. He sums up his success: ―…you can be anything you want to be if you just believe in yourself. I do believe it completely.‖ 67.In the boarding school, Horowitz‘s teachers A.often criticized him B.showed great concern for him C.taught him how to write stories D.thought little about his ability 68.Which of the following is true of Anthony Horowitz? A.He was the beloved child of his family. B.He benefited a lot from boarding school. C.He emphasizes the plot rather than characters in stories. D.Although he is successful, he isn‘t very happy. 69.What advice does Horowitz have for readers? A.Confidence is the key to success. C.Interest is the best teacher. B.Hardship teaches valuable lessons. D.Industry is the parent of success. .

70.In which section can you most probably read the passage? A.Campus Trends C.Our World B.Culture & Leisure D.Science Life (DCAB) 江西省九江一中 2012 届高三第一次月考(英语)

第三部分:阅读理解(共 20 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 40 分)
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The number of speakers of English in Shakespeare‘s time is estimated(估计) to have been about five million. Today it is estimated that some 260 million people speak it as a native language, mainly in the United States, Canada, Great Britain, Ireland, South Africa, Australia and New Zealand. In addition to the standard varieties of English found in these areas, there are a great many regional and social varieties of the language as well as various levels of usage that are employed both in its spoken and written forms. In fact, it is impossible to estimate the number of people in the world who have acquired an adequate(足够的) working knowledge of English in addition to their own languages. The purpose for English learning and the situations in which such learning takes place are so varied that it is difficult to explain and still more difficult to judge what forms an adequate working knowledge for each situation. The main reason for the widespread demand for English is its present-day importance as a world language. Besides serving the indefinite needs of its native speakers, English is a language in which some of important works in science, technology, and other fields are being produced, and not always by native speakers. It is widely used for such purposes as meteorological and airport communications, international conferences, and the spread of information over the radio and television networks of many nations. It is a language of wider communication for a number of developing countries, especially former British colonies. Many of these countries have multilingual populations and need a language for internal communication in such matters as government, commerce, industry, law and education as well as for international communication and for entrance to the scientific and technological developments in the West. 56. What would be the best title for this passage? A. The Difficulties of Learning English B. International Communications C. The Standard Varieties of English D. English as a World Language 57. Which of the following statements is NOT true? A. Some 260 million people in the world have an adequate working knowledge of English. B. There are some 260 million native speakers of English in the world. C. It is almost impossible to estimate the number of people with an adequate working knowledge of English. D. People learn English for a variety of reasons. 58. According to the passage, what is the main reason for the widespread use of English?
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A. It was popular during Shakespeare‘s time. B. It is used in former British colonies. C. It serves the needs of its native speakers.

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D. It is a world language that is used for international communication. 59. What forms an adequate working knowledge of English? A. The ability to read a newspaper. B. It is difficult to judge because it differs for each situation. C. Being a multilingual. D. Being a native speaker. 60. What type of developing countries would be most likely to use English? A. Those geographically close to the United States. B. Those interested in the culture of the United States. C. Former colonies of Great Britain. D. Countries where international conferences are held. B According to some talk, the younger generation in Smithville is the most antisocial in history. This seems far from the truth. Young people today as a whole are better, more informed, more ambitious, healthier, and more smart than ever before. Why then, it may be asked, do we see such restlessness and such antisocial behavior among our young people? For the answer the citizens of this community must look at themselves. What have they done to the grounds that have been built in the last fifteen years? How many swimming pools are there? How many vocational training projects have been started? How many community – organized youth parties and picnics have been held? The average citizen will answer that the responsibility for these activities belongs to the schools. But the schools cannot be held responsible for all the free – time activities of all the young people of this community. The job of the schools is formal education, not free – time recreation(娱乐). This community needs a youth center suitable for such activities as picnics, camping, sports, music, art and so on. There should be social and recreational activities to meet the needs and interests of every member of our school age youth. Mayor Elmo D. Greely has proposed the formation of a Youth Club as the first step in the direction of a Youth Center. Mayor Greely has called a meeting at the City Hall on Friday, August 15, at noon.
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Giving up a lunch hour is a very little sacrifice for a project that can be of great importance to this community. This newspaper urges every adult and young person of Smithville to attend this important meeting. We believe our industrial, business, and professional leaders have an especially strong duty to be present. This newspaper will be present and intends to support this project with vigor. 61. The underlined word ―antisocial‖ probably means ― A. promising C. suitable to present society ‖.

B. opposed to an orderly society or way of life D. having a lot of social experience

62. What does the writer think of the sentence ―The younger generation in Smithville is the most antisocial in history.‖? A. He thinks it is true. C. He thinks it is partially true. 63. The main idea of Paragraphs 2 and 3 is B. He thinks it is not true. D. He thinks it is nonsense. .

A. to give us lots of questions to show that problem is serious. B. that school should hold the responsibility for education rather than free – time recreation. C. to analyze the reasons why the youth are antisocial. D. that we should take more activities or start many vocational projects. C Your chair is your enemy. That is the conclusion of several recent studies. Among people who sit in front of the television for more than three hours each day, those who exercise are as fat as those who don‘t. So what‘s wrong with sitting? The answer seems to have two parts. The first is that sitting is one of the most passive things you can do. Compared to sitting, standing in one place is hard work. To stand, you have to tense your leg muscles, and engage the muscles of your back and shoulders; while standing, you often shift from leg to leg. All of this burns energy. You may think you have no choice about how much you sit. But this isn‘t true. Suppose you sleep for eight hours each day, and exercise for one. That still leaves 15 hours of activities. Even if you exercise, most of the energy you burn will be burnt during these 15 hours, so weight gain is often the cumulative(累积的) effect of a series of small decisions: Do you take the stairs or the elevator? Do you walk to the corner store, or drive? But it looks as though there‘s a more sinister aspect to sitting. Some evidence suggests that when you spend long periods sitting, your body actually does things that are bad for you.
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Lipoprotein lipase(蛋白脂酶) is a molecule that plays a central role in how the body processes fats. Low levels of lipoprotein lipase are associated with a variety of health problems. Studies in rats show that leg muscles only produce this molecule when they are actively being moved. The result is that when you sit, an important part of your metabolism(新陈代谢) slows down. You may also have a higher risk of suffering from diabetes(糖尿病). Some people have advanced radical solutions to the sitting syndrome(综合症): replace your sit-down desk with a stand-up desk, or watch television in a rocking chair. But whatever you choose, know this. The data is clear; look out for your chair. 64. What would be the best title of this passage? A. Become an Athlete to Be Healthy. B. Choose a Better Chair for You. C. How to Speed Up Your Metabolism. D. Stand Up While You Read This. 65. Paragraphs 2 and 3 tell us that .

A. taking too much exercise harms people‘s health B. sitting a lot reduces the benefits of thanking exercise C. people needn‘t depend on exercise to keep healthy D. healthy people are those who sit less and stand more 66. Which of the following is the best advice on how to control our weight? A. Exercising at least an hour a day. B. Standing as long as possible. C. Using our energy actively in daily life. D. Watching TV in a rocking chair. 67. The author mentions lipoprotein lipase mainly to A. show that it plays a big part in keeping us healthy B. tell us that it isn‘t produced while we are sitting C. suggest that we should take less exercise to be healthy D. prove sitting for long is bad for our body D Disposing(处理)of waste has been a problem since humans started producing it.As more and more people choose to live close together in cities,the waste-disposal problem becomes increasingly difficult.
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During the eighteenth century,it was usual for several neighboring towns to get together to select a faraway spot as a dump site. Residents or trash haulers (垃圾拖运者) would transport household rubbish,rotted wood,and old possessions to the site.Periodically some of the trash was burned and the rest was buried.The unpleasant sights and smells caused no problem because nobody lived close by. Factories,mills,and other industrial sites also had waste to be disposed of.Those located on rivers often just dumped the unwanted remains into the water.Others built huge burners with chimneys to deal with the problem. Several facts make these choices unacceptable to modern society.The first problem is space Dumps,which are now called landfills,are most needed in heavily populated areas. Such areas rarely have empty land suitable for this purpose.Property is either too expensive or too close to residential neighborhoods.Long-distance trash hauling has been a common practice but once farm areas are refusing to accept rubbish from elsewhere,cheap land within trucking distance of major city areas is almost nonexistent. Awareness of pollution dangers has resulted in more strict rules of waste disposal.Pollution of rivers,ground water,land and air is a price people can no longer pay to get rid of waste.The amount of waste,however,continues to grow. Recycling efforts have become commonplace,and many towns require their people to take part.Even the most efficient recycling programs,however,can hope to deal with only about 50 percent of a city‘s reusable waste. 68. The most suitable title for this passage would be ______. A. Places for Disposing Waste C. Ways of Getting Rid of Waste B. Waste Pollution Dangers D. Waste Disposal Problem

69. During the 18th century, people disposed their waste in many ways EXCEPT for ______. A. burying it C. burning it B. recycling it D. throwing it into rivers

70. What can be inferred from the fourth paragraph? A. Farm areas accept waste from the city in modern society. B. There is cheap land to bury waste in modern society. C. It is difficult to find space to bury waste in modern society. D. Ways to deal with waste in modern society stay the same. 71. The main purpose of writing this article is to ______. A. draw people‘s attention to waste management B. warn people of the pollution dangers we are facing
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C. call on people to take part in recycling programs D. tell people a better way to get rid of the waste E Many of the most damaging types of weather begin quickly, strike suddenly, and disappear rapidly, destroying small areas while leaving neighboring areas untouched.Such event as a tornado(龙卷风)struck the northeastern part of Edmonton, Alberta, in July 1987.Total damages from the tornado went beyond $250 million, the highest ever for any Canadian storm.? Traditional computer models of the atmosphere have limited value in predicting short-lived local storms like the Edmonton tornado, because the available weather data are generally not detailed enough to allow computers to study carefully the slight atmospheric changes that come before these storms. In most nations, for example, weather-balloon observations are taken just once every twelve hours at places separated by hundreds of miles. With such limited data, traditional forecasting models do a much better job predicting general weather conditions over large areas than they do forecasting specific local events.? Until recently, the observation intensive method needed for exact, very short-range forecasts, or ―Nowcasts,‖ was not possible. The cost of equipping and operating many thousands of conventional weather stations was extremely high, and the difficulties concerned in rapidly collecting and processing the weather data from such a network were hard to overcome. Fortunately, scientific and technological advances have overcome most of these problems. Radar(雷达) systems and satellites are all able to make detailed, nearly continuous observation over large areas at a lower cost. Communications satellites can send out data around the world cheaply and immediately, and modern computers can quickly collect and analyze this large amount of weather information. Meteorologists(气象学者)and computer scientists now work together to design computer programs and video equipment able to change weather data into words and graphic displays(图解)that forecasters can understand easily and quickly. As meteorologists have begun using these new technologies in weather forecasting offices, nowcasting is becoming a reality. 72. Why can‘t traditional computer models predict short-lived local storms? A. The weather data people collect are often wrong. B. Detailed weather data in some small areas are not available.? C. The computers are not advanced enough to predict them.? D. The computers are not used to forecast specific local events.?
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73. The word ―Nowcast‖ in Paragraph 3 means ________. A. a network to collect storm data? B. a way of collecting weather data C. a more advanced system of weather observation D. a forecast which can predict weather in the small area 74. What can make ―Nowcasts‖ a reality according to the passage? A. Scientific and technological advances. B. Advanced computer programs. C. Computer scientists.? 75. What does the passage mainly talk about? A. The advantages of ―Nowcasts‖. B. A tornado in Edmonton, AlbertA. C. The difficulty in predicting tornado. D. A great development in weather forecast. 56-60 DADBC 61-63BBC 64-67 DBCD 68-71 DBDA 72-75 BDAD D. Meteorologists. ?

江西省洛市中学2012届高三第四次月考(英语) 第三部分:阅读理解(共20小题,每小题2分,满分40分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出最佳选项。 A We are all called upon to make a speech at some point in life, but most of us don‘t do a very good job. This article gives some suggestions on how to give an effective speech. So, you have to give a speech—and you are terrified. You get nervous, you forget what you want to say, you stumble over words, you talk too long, and you bore your audience. Later you think, ―Thank Goodness, it‘s over. I‘m just not good at public speaking. I hope I never have to do that again.‖ Cheep up! It doesn‘t have to be that bad. Here are some simple steps to take the pain out of speech making. Ask yourself the purpose of your speech. What is the occasion? Why are you speaking? Then, gather as many facts as you can on your subject. Spend plenty of your time doing your research. Then spend plenty of your time organizing your material so that your speech is clear and easy to follow. Use as many examples as possible, and use pictures, charts, and graphs if they help you make your points more clearly. Never forget your audience. Don‘t talk over their heads, and don‘t talk down to them. Treat your audience with respect. They will appreciate your thoughtfulness.
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Just remember: Be prepared. Know your subject, your audience, and the occasion. Be brief. Say what you have to say and then stop. And be yourself. Let your personality come through so that you make person-to-person contact with your audience. If you follow these simple steps, you will see that you don‘t have to be afraid of public speaking. In fact, you may find the experience so enjoyable that you volunteer to make more speeches! You‘re not convinced yet? Give it a try and see what happens. 56.The main idea of this article is A.that it is hard to make a speech C.to always make a short speech 57.Paragraph 2 implies that A.many people talk too long B.many people are happy to give a speech C.many people don‘t prepare for a speech D.many people are afraid of giving a speech 58.The phrase ―talk over their heads‖ means A.speak too loudly C.look down upon them . B.look at the ceiling D.use words and ideas that are too difficult . . . B.that a poor speaker can never change D. that you can improve your speaking ability

59.All of the following statements are TRUE except A.a lecturer does not need to organize his speech B.few people know how to make good speeches C.research is important in preparing a speech

D.there are simple steps you can take to improve your speaking ability 60.The title for this passage may be A.Do Not Make a Long Speech C.How to prepare for a Speech . B.Try to Enjoy a speech D. How to Give a Good Speech B Imagine a boy from a small village in East Africa, He from a very early age has been looking after cattle. At twelve years old he knows more about cattle than most of you. However, he has never been to school. Has this boy ever had any education? Education is discovering about ourselves and about the people and things around us. All the people who care
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about us — our parents, brothers, sisters, friends — are our teachers. In fact, we learn something from everyone we meet. We start learning on the day we are born, not on the first day" we go to school. Every day we have new experiences, like finding a bird's nest, discovering a new street in our neighborhood, making friends with someone we didn't like before. New experiences are even more fun when we share them with other people. Encouragement from the people around us enables us to explore things as much as possible. As we grow up, we begin to find out what we are capable of doing. You may be good at cooking, or singing or playing football. You find this out by doing these things. Just thinking about cooking doesn't tell you if you are good at it. We learn so much just living from day to day. So why is school important? Of course you can learn some things better at home than at school, like how to do the shopping, and how to help old or disabled people who can' t do everything for themselves. At school, teachers help us to read and write. With their guidance, we begin to see things in different ways. 61. The writer takes the African boy as an example to show that _______. A. African children are very poor B. some children are unlucky C. education takes many ways D. schools are of great importance 62. In the eyes of the writer .

A. we have to learn from the people around us B. school is not important at all C. only the people caring for us can teach us D. education takes place everywhere 63. One can find out what he is good at by A. the encouragement of people around C. thinking of it when growing up _. B. the teachings of those he or she meets D. trying practicing it .

64. How the writer looks at the role of school is that A. school is not so important as our living places

B. school enables us to understand the world in other ways C. school teaches us something useless at home D. school cannot prepare us for our daily lives 65. The passage tells us that _ .
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A. everyone gets education from the day he or she is born B. different education trains different classes of people C. school is absolutely necessary if one wants to understand the world D. everyone will find out what he or she is good at

C Welcome to my Message Board! Subject: Slimming down classics? Orion Books, which decides there is a market in creating cut-down classics Mr. Handsome 2007-5-12 6: 34 AM (经典著作), is slimming down some novels by such great writers as L. Tolstoy, M. Mitchell and C. Bronte. Now, each of them has been whittled down to about 400 pages by cutting 30 to 40 pages per cent of original, with words, sentences, paragraphs and, in a few cases, chapters removed. The first six shortened editions, all priced at £6.99 and advertised as great reads ―in half the time‖, will go on sale next month, with plans for 50 to 100 more to follow. The publishing house believes that modern readers will welcome the shorter versions. Well, I‘m publisher of Orion Group. Thanks for your attention, Mr. Handsome. I must say, the idea developed from a game of ―shame‖ in my office. Each of us was required to confess (承认) to the most embarrassing blanks in Mr. Edwards 2007-5-12 9: 40 AM his or her reading. I admitted that I had never read Anna Karenina and tried but failed to get through Gone with the Wind several times. One of my colleagues acknowledged skipping (跳读) Jane Eyre. We realized that life is too short to read all the books you want to and we never were going to read these ones. As a leading publishing house, we are trying to make classics convenient for readers but it‘s not as if we‘re withdrawing the original versions. They are still there if you want to read them. Ms. Weir I‘m director of the online bookclub www.lovereading.co.uk
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2007-5-12 11:35 AM

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Mr. Edwards, I think your shortened editions is a breath of fresh air. I‘m guilty of never having read Anna Karenina, because it‘s just so long. I‘d much rather read two 300-page books than one 600-page book. I am looking forward to more shortened classics!

Mr. Crockatt 2007-5-12 4:38 PM

I‘m from the London independent bookshop Corckatt & Powell. In my opinion, the practice is completely ridiculous. How can you edit the classics? I‘m afraid reading some of these book is hard work, and that is why you have to develop as a reader. If people don‘t have time to read Anna Karenina, then fine. But don‘t read a shortened version and kid yourself it‘s the real thing.

66.According to the message board, Orion Books ___________. A.opposes the reading of original classics B.is embarrassed for cutting down classics C.thinks cut-down classics have a bright future D.is cautions in its decision to cut down classics 67.In Mr. Edwards‘ opinion, Orion Group is shortening classics to _________. A.make them easier to read C.increase the sales of literary books B.meet a large demand in the market D.compete with their original versions

68.By describing the shortened classics as ―a breath of fresh air‖, Ms. Weir ________. A.speaks highly of the cut-down classics B.shows her love for original classics C.feels guilty of not reading the classics D.disapprove of shortening the classics 69.Mr. Crockatt seems to imply that _________. A.reading the classic works is a confusing attempt B.shortening the classics does harm to the original C.publishing the cut-down classics is a difficult job D.editing the classic works satisfies children‘s needs 70.How many classics are involved in the massage board? A.Two. B.Three. C.Four.
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Water problems in the future will become more intense and more complex. Our increasing population will tremendously increase urban wastes, primarily sewage. On the other hand, increasing demands for water will decrease substantially the amount of water available for diluting wastes. Rapidly expanding industries which involve more and more complex chemical processes will produce larger volumes of liquid wastes, and many of these will contain chemicals which are noxious. To feed our rapidly expanding population, agriculture will have to be intensified. This will involve ever - increasing quantities of agricultural chemicals. From this, it is apparent that drastic steps must be taken immediately to develop corrective measures for the pollution problem. There are two ways by which this pollution problem can be dwindled(减少). The first relates to the treatment of wastes to decrease their pollution hazard . This involves the processing of solid wastes "prior to" disposal and the treatment of liquid wastes, or effluents, to permit the reuse of the water or minimize pollution upon final disposal . A second approach is to develop an economic use for all or a part of the wastes. Farm manure is spread in fields as a nutrient or organic supplement. Effluents from sewage disposal plants are used in some areas both for irrigation and for the nutrients contained. Effluents from other processing plants may also be used as a supplemental source of water. Many industries, such as meat and poultry processing plants, are currently converting former waste products into marketable byproducts. Other industries are potential economic uses for waste products. 71.The purpose of this passage is ________. A.to alert the reader to the dwindling water supply B.to explain industrial uses of water C.to acquaint the reader with water pollution problems D.to demonstrate various measures to solve the pollution problem 72.Which of the following points is NOT included in the passage? A.Industrial development includes the simplification of complex chemical processes. B.Diluting wastes needs certain amount of water. C.Demands for water will go up along with the expanding population D.Intensive cultivation of land require more and more chemicals. 73.The reader can conclude that _________. A.countries of the world will work together on pollution problems
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B.byproducts from wastes lead to a more prosperous marketplace C.science is making great progress in increasing water supplies D.some industries are now making economic use of wastes 74.The author gives substance to the passage through the use of________. A.interviews with authorities in the field of water controls B.opinions and personal observations C.definitions which clarify important terms D.strong arguments and persuasions 75.The underlined words "prior to"(para. 2)probably man________. A.after 阅读理解 56-75 DDDAD CDDBA CAABB CADBC B.during C.before D.beyond

宁夏银川一中 2012 届高三第三次月考(英语) 第三部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分 40 分) 第一节(共 15 小题:每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C、D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 A My wife passed away a few years ago, and I went through the worst time in my life. I even wanted to kill myself. Just for kids, I had to continue to live and work as small-town doctor at my medical clinic in Hawaii. My kids had gone to live on the mainland, and I was alone. Then they asked me to have a family trip. On our trip, we turned on the TV at the motel and saw the second plane crash into the World Trade Center. Seeing it falling down, I said to my kids: ―I‘m going to Afghanistan‖. And a few weeks later, international Medical Corps sent me to set up 20 clinics in provinces where people had no health care. In these field clinics surrounded by frightening shoots or deadly bombs, we were eventually serving 27,000 patients a month in a very busy schedule. Tired and nervous, I gradually had a sense of achievement, a sense of purpose, and my depression went away. In the years to follow, I went to Indonesia after the tsunami, Pakistan after the earthquakes, Sudan after the civil warm and Iraq after more and more bombs. Each time after disasters one after another, hundreds of people were killed, wounded and many more had to flee. We once set up movable clinics in an area with 19,000 refugees, and it was supposed to hold 13,000 originally. Flu broke out, one of the biggest killers of kids in refugee camps, and it spread like wildfire. Water and food were also serious problems. ―Adventures or not?‖ I often asked myself. When my wife passed away, I thought my life was done. But in reality, it was just getting started. At the end of her life, she went unconscious. I held her head in my hands and told her of all the places we would visit and the exciting adventures we would have. I think about the moment many times during my ―adventures‖. I didn‘t know how predictive those words
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would be. But I know that she is still with me.

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56. Where has the doctor been in the past few years? A. Some countries where he could set up clinics. B. Some African countries where flu broke out. C. The places where the earthquakes happened. D. The places that the horrible disasters struck. 57. How would the doctor describe his life after he had worked in Afghanistan? A. Tired and troublesome. B. Busy and risky. C. Meaningful and helpful D. Frightening and depressing. 58. The underlined word ―refugees‖ means people_______________. A. who are robbed, killed, or wounded B. who suffer from flu in movable clinics C. who like to take adventures D. who have lost homes because of disasters. 59. Which of the following is TRUE according to the passage? A. the doctor‘s wife encouraged him to work in foreign countr

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