Parents need to be good role models to help their children make sensible financial decisions, according to Adam Hancock and his team,
from East Caronlina University in the US. Their work highlights that parents who argue about finances contribute to increasing credit card debt among their children during their students years. Their work is published online in Springer's Journal of Family and Economic Issues. Credit card debt among college students has been a growing concern for researchers and policymakers over the last decade. In addition, there is growing concern among educators that more students are dropping out of school, not because of academic failure, but because of financial reasons, and credit card especially. Hancock and colleagues' study is the first to examine how parental interactions, and financial knowledge and attitudes may have a cumulative effect（累积效应）on the number of credit cards students own and their level of credit card debt. The researchers analyzed data for 420 undergraduate students from seven different American universities, who took part in the College Student Financial Literacy Survey. According to the online survey, nearly two-thirds of students had a credit card, and nearly a third had more than one. Those students who reported that their parents argued about finances were more likely to have more than two cards than the students whose parents who did not argue about finances. In terms of debt, those students who had two or more credit cards were nearly three times more likely to report having credit card debt over ＄500. The researchers conclude, "It is clear that the influence of parents cannot be neglected. Researchers, educators and policymakers should work in finding effective ways to increase the positive financial behaviors fo college students. We need to help students learn financial skills and establish healthy financial attitudes at earlier ages to prevent poor financial habits from taking root." 26. In Adam Hancock's research, student's credit card debt is related to their _________. A.knowledge 【答案】D 【解析】细节理解题。由“Their work highlights that parents who argue about finances contribute to increasing credit card debt among their children during their students years.”可知学生的信用卡债务
和他们的父母有关。故选 D。 27. When college students have credit card debt, they may ________. A.quit school C.study financial knowledge 【答案】A 【解析】 细节理解题。 由 “there is growing concern among educators that more students are dropping out of school, not because of academic failure, but because of financial reasons, and credit card especially.”可知大学生有信用卡债务时，他们就可能退学。故选 A。 28. What can we infer from Paragraph 3? A. More than 400 students i a university took the survey. B. The survey was conducted with the paper questionnaire. C. Nearly all the students in this survey have credit cards. D. Students have fewer cards if their parents argue more. 【答案】C 【解析】细节理解题。由“According to the online survey, nearly two-thirds of students had a credit card, and nearly a third had more than one.”可知在调查中，几乎所有学生都有信用卡。故选 C。 29. If you have two or more credit cards, you are more likely to ________. A.get wealthy 【答案】D 【解析】细节理解题。由“In terms of debt, those students who had two or more credit cards were nearly three times more likely to report having credit card debt over ＄500.” 说明如果你有两个或两 个以上的信用卡，你更有可能负债。故选 D。 30. As a student, what can yo learn from the passage? A. We need to turn to our parents when we have credit card debt. B. We should build correct financial attitudes when we are young. C. We shouldn't have credit cards so that we can avoid argument. D. We can have more credit cards to make life more comfortable.[来源：] 【答案】B 【解析】细节理解题。由“We need to help students learn financial skills and establish healthy financial attitudes at earlier ages to prevent poor financial habits from taking root.”可知我们在小的
B.fail in their exams D.have more credit cards
C.buy more things
D.become in debt
C4 [2013· 江苏卷] -----A
Guest Services Front Gate Guest Services can help you with anything from finding out what time your favourite show starts to purchasing tickets.The Guest Services location inside Front Gate also serves as a message centre，lost children's area and lost and found.Canada's Wonderland does not offer personalized public paging(传呼)．
Food&Drink Options Shops are located throughout Canada's Wonderland.Picnic baskets and coolers are welcome at the shelter located outside Wonderland on the north side of our Front Gate.Outside food and drinks are not allowed in the Park.Bottled water may be brought into the Park. ATMs ATMs are located just inside the Park beside Stroller，Locker and Wheelchair Rentals at the Front Gate，as well as KidZville(beside Guest Services)，Splash Works(two locations)，and outside Thunder Run. Pet Care A pet care facility is located outside our Front Gate on the south side for a daily fee.Water and air －conditioned shelters are provided.Guests are asked to provide food and exercise. First Aid If you need medical assistance， tell any park employee who will call First Aid and have them come to your location.
Stroller，Locker and Wheelchair Rentals Stroller, locker and wheelchair rentals are available inside the Park at the Front Gate, beside Thrills Are Wonderland. Smoking Policy Smoking is not permitted while riding or standing in line for rides or in any of the children's areas or the Water Park. Smoking is permitted in designated(指定的)areas only. Failure to observe all Park rules could result in being driven out of the Park without refund. 56.The leaflet is to inform visitors of the Park's________. A．advanced management B．thrill performances C．entertainment facilities D．thoughtful services 57．A visitor to the Park can ________． A．rent a stroller outside Front Gate B．ask for first aid by Thunder Run C．smoke in the Water Park D．leave his pet at KidZville 【要点综述】 本文是一篇说明文，是加拿大游乐园的旅游指导宣传页。作者通过描述 游客服务、饮食选择、ATM 机服务、宠物的照料、急救、婴儿车、储物柜和轮椅的租用及 吸烟的规定等方面，为游客的旅游提供全方位的指导服务。 56．D 细节理解题。文章主要介绍了游乐园的顾客服务，有饮食选择、宠物护理、急 救措施等周到的服务，故选 D 项。 57．B 细节理解题。根据 First Aid 一栏中的信息可知，来园的游客可以要求急救，故 选 B 项。而 A 项应是在前门内；C 项应是在指定的区域可以吸烟，而不是在水上公园；D 项中宠物应留在前门外并要求游客提供食物，故 A、C 和 D 错。
Advice to “sleep on it” could be well founded, scientists say. After a good night’s sleep a problem that seemed impossible to solve the night before can often appear easier, although no evidence has proved this by 4
now. But researchers at the University of Luebek in Germany have designed an experiment that shows a good night’s sleep can improve insight(洞 察 力 ）and problem-solving. “If you have some newly acquired memories in your brain, sleep acts on these memories, restructures(重 构 ） them, so that after sleep the insight into a problem which you could not solve before increases,” said Dr. Jan Bom, a neuroscientist, at the university. To test the theory, they taught volunteers two simple rules to help them put a string of numbers into a new order. There was also a third, hidden rule, which could help them increase their speed in solving the problem. The researchers divided the volunteers into two groups, half were allowed to sleep after the training while the remainders were forced to stay awake. Bom and his team noticed that the group that had slept after the training were twice as likely to figure out the third rule as the other group. “Sleep helped,” Bom said in a telephone interview. “The important thing is that you have to have a memory representation in your brain of the problem you want to solve and then you sleep, so it can act on the problem.” But Bom admitted that he and his team don’t know how restructuring of memories occurs or what governs it or in which stage of sleep it works. Pierre Marquette and Pierre Ruby of the University of Liege in Belgium said the experimental evidence supports the suggestions that sleep can promote creative thinking. Although the role of sleep in human creativity will still be a mystery, the research gives people good reason to fully respect their periods of sleep, they added.
36.The underlined phrase “sleep on it” in the first line probably means _____. A.to put something aside to be solved until the next day B.to get as much sleep as possible C. to go on sleeping without being disturbed D.to sleep till you get up the next morning 【答案】A 【解析】词义猜测题。由“After a good night’s sleep a problem that seemed impossible to solve the night
before can often appear easier,”可知选A。
37.Jan Bom and his team carried out the experiment through _____ A.comparison 【答案】A 【解析】 细节理解题。 由 “The researchers divided the volunteers into two groups, half were allowed to sleep
after the training while the remainders were forced to stay awake. Bom and his team noticed that the group that had slept after the training were twice as likely to figure out the third rule as the other group. ”可知他们是通 B. interview C. survey D. imagination
38.It can be inferred from the passage that _____. A.people should sleep so long as they have time B. sleep is the only way to solve hard problems C. people have various periods of sleep D.people know how sleep restructures memories 【答案】C 【解析】 推理判断题。 由 “But Bom admitted that he and his team don’t know how restructuring of memories
occurs or what governs it or in which stage of sleep it works.”可知人们有不同的睡眠阶段。故选C。
What would be the best title for the passage? B. Sleep Helps Solve Problems D. Bom’s Discovery On Sleep
A.How Sleep Works C. No Evidence, But Well Founded 【答案】B 【解析】标题归纳题。 40.
Where is the passage most likely to have been taken from? B. A book review. D. A newspaper.
A.A science fiction. C.An advertisement. 【答案】D
C4 [2013· 陕西卷] -----A
Joshua, Helmut, and Bethlehem
Michelle O. Donovan ISBN 9781462058679 Life is not easy for nine－year－old Joshua during World War Ⅱ. Because of his family's Jewish background, they are sent to live in the concentration camps(集中营). Scared and alone, Joshua one day makes friends with a little mouse he calls Bethlehem who becomes his closest friend.
More Things in Heaven Bill Bosworth ISBN 9780595433582 In his More Things in Heaven, Bill Bosworth presents the highlights of his 83 years of life, including his trips to India and the study of the writings of several great spiritual leaders. More Things in Heaven will appeal to anyone who insists on finding the deepest meaning for their existence based on their own experiences.
Encourage Me! Inspirational Poetry Gloria Coykendall ISBN 9781412027854 It is an easy－to－read collection of poems originally written to encourage in faith and to be a cure for chronic depression(长期抑郁)?cure to strengthen identity and purpose.
Seeking the Edge Dr. Joseph L. Rose ISBN 9781462031795 Seeking the Edge provides the tools and techniques to find that edge in one's life—driving readers to achieve success whether in your current job, finding a new job, in education, family, or even hobbies.
Creation or Evolution Michael Ebifegha ISBN 9781450289023 Were humans created, or did they evolve? How old is the Earth? The debate between science and religion continues to be heated. In Creation or Evolution, Michael Ebifegha examines these two opposed world views within the structure of empirical(实证的) science. 46.Who wrote the story about a little boy and a little mouse? A．Bill Bosworth. B．Michelle O. Donovan. C．Dr. Joseph L. Rose. D．Gloria Coykendall. 47．The ISBN for the book of poems is________． A．9781462031795 C．9780595433582 B．9781412027854 D．9781462058679
48．What kind of readers will probably like reading More Things in Heaven? A．Those who are searching for the meaning of life.
B．Those who are trying to be spiritual leaders. C．Those who study the art of writing. D．Those who like traveling abroad. 49．Which of the following books explores the origin of humans? A．Seeking the Edge. B．Creation or Evolution. C．Joshua, Helmut, and Bethlehem. D．More Things in Heaven. 【要点综述】 本文是一篇广告，介绍了 5 本书的书名﹑作者﹑ISBN(国际标准书号)和 内容提要。 46．B 细节理解题。根据第一本书的内容提要的最后一句可知本题选 B。 47．B 细节理解题。由 Encourage Me！的 ISBN 号可知本题选 B。 48．A 推理判断题。根据本书内容提要中的最后一句可知，本书适合于那些要探索人 生的真正含义的读者，选 A。 49．B 细节理解题。根据第 5 本书的书名和内容提要可知本题选 B。