当前位置:首页 >> 英语 >>

简单句五大句型 - refined


Read the following sentences and check if they are right
1.The bird is looks unhappy. 2. The bird unhappy because it no friends. 3. The couple very sad.

4. They are regret cut

ting the huge tree.
5.Fly in the sky is the most happiest thing .
Return to Menu

Part I
Simple Sentence Structures

简单句五种基本类型

什么是主语(subject)?
由名词、代词、动词不定式、动名词等充当,说明 动作是“谁”发出的。

1)The painter painted a very nice picture. 2)They fought against SARS bravely.
3)To see is to believe. 4) Helping animals is to help people.
Book 2-Unit 1
Return to Menu

什么是谓语(predicate)?
紧跟在主语后边的动词,来说 明主语做什么,或者描述主语 的状况,称之为谓语。

Return to Menu

一个句子,包含哪些成分?
主要句子成分
主语(subject) 谓语(verb)

次要句子成分

宾语:object 表语:predicative

宾语补足语:
object complement

状语: adverbial

英语简单句分成5大类型

主谓:

S-Vi。

主系表:S-Vlink-P 主谓宾: S-Vt.-O 主谓双宾: S-Vt-O间宾-O直宾
Return to Menu

主谓宾补: S-Vt-O-C

Book 2-Unit 1

Pattern1 S +V +P(主+系+表)

Pattern 1
常用系动词:be 动词:am, is, are 连系动词: 1.感官类动词:seem, look, sound, smell, taste, feel, appear 2.状态延续:remain, stay, keep, continue, lie, stand 3. 状态变化的:become, get, turn, go, run, come, grow、

S(主语)
1.

V(是系动词)

P(表语)

This

is
felt looks

a dictionary.
happy. different. warmer. red.

2. He 3. Everything

4. The weather became
5. His face turned

6. The weather stays

warm.

Key to EX1

1.His father is a scientist. 2.These flowers look beautiful. 3.Mary is upstairs. 4.He is in good condition.

5.My dream is to go to Tsing Hua University
6.The fact is that he has never been abroad.

What can be used as predicative

? ? ? ? ? ?

1) noun 2) adj 3) adverb 4) 介词短语 5) to do 不定式 6) that 从句

Pattern 2

Summary:S +Vi(主+谓)
不及物动词 能表 达完整的意思,后 面可以加状语

Can you list some intransitive verbs (Vi)?
begin, cry, dance , die, end exist , fail , fly , graduate , happen, land , rain , rise, sleep, skate , succeed take place, set out…


1.

V (不及物动词) flies. smiles gracefully.

Time

2. The super star
3. 4. They The man

talked for half an hour.
died on his death bed. works hard.

5. Andy Law
6.They

have gone

Key to EX2

1)The young trees grow fast. 2)The students are playing on the playground. 3)We get up early in order to catch the early bus. 4)She often sits there reading.

What can be used adverbial

? ? ? ?

1) adverb 2)介词短语 3) to do 不定式 4) doing

Pattern 3 Summary:S +Vt +O(主+谓 +宾) 及物动词, 必须跟有一个 宾语才能使意思完整。


1.

Vt(及物动词)

O(宾语)

Who knows

the answer?

2. She
3. He 4. They

helps
understands ate

him.
English. some apples.

5. He

said

"Good morning."

What can be used as the object?
? 1)S+ vt+ n/pron (名词/代词)

? 2) S+ vt+ to do sth

?三个希望两答应,两个要求莫拒绝; 设法学会做决定,不要假装在选择

? 三个希望两答应:hope,wish, want,agree,promise ? 两个要求莫拒绝:demand,ask, refuse ? 设法学会做决定:manage,learn, decide ? 不要假装在选择:pretend,choose

What can be used as the object?
? 3) S+ vt+ doing ? Mrs. P Black missed a bag. (P· 布莱克夫人 丢了一个袋子。)

? M=mind, r=risk, s=succeed in, P=practice,B=be busy, l=look forward to ? a=admit,c=can’t help, k=keep on, m=miss,i=insist on,s=suggest,s=stop, e=enjoy,d=delay, a=avoid, ? b=be worth,a=advise,g=give up

What can be used as the object?
? 4) S+ vt+ that clause ? believe, doubt, expect, explain, feel, hear, hope, know, mean, notice, say, show, suggest, wish, wonder,

The key to Ex1:
? 1)They have decided to spend their winter holiday in Beijing. ? 2) You have to finish reading these books in two weeks.

Translation
这个小男孩总是用脚踢狗。 The young boy always kicks the dog with his feet. 夏威夷吸引了来自世界各地的游客。

Hawaii attracts tourists from all over the world.

Translation

我们两年后要参加高考。 We’ll sit the College Entrance Examination in two years. 联合国在世界上起着重要的作用。 The United Nations play an important role/part in the world.

Pattern 4

Summary: 主谓双宾:S-Vt-O间宾-O直宾
此句型共同特点:谓语动词必须跟有两个宾语 才能表达完整的意思。



V(及物) O(间宾, 多指人) bought his wife

O(直宾,多指物)

1.

He

an iPod.
a delicious meal. a little castle. a hand. how to use the ipad. the paintings of van Gogh.

2. She
3. He

cooked
made

her
his son

5. I
6. I 7. He

gave
told showed

him
my mom me

Type 1:主语+谓语+sb. +sth. S(主 语) V(谓语) give,offer, teach sell, send, show tell, lend, leave, Sb. make, buy, get sing, order, choose Fetch Sb Sth. O间宾 O直宾 (sb) (sth)

Type 2:主语+谓语 +sth.+to/for +sb.

S(主 V(谓语) 语)
give,hand, offer sell, send, show tell, lend, leave, teach

O直宾 (物)

介词 O间宾 (人)
to

Sb.

make, buy, get sing, order, choose fetch

Sth.

for

Sb.

Pattern 4 主谓双宾:
? A) Our parents gave us some apple pies and pumpkin (南瓜)pies

gave some apple pies ? Our parents ____________________
and pumpkin pies to us

Pattern 4 主谓双宾:
? B) My mother made me a new dress

made a new dress for me ? My mother_________________.

Key to Ex4

1. The foreigner (was teaching English to the students.

Key to Ex4

Yang Liwei gave people a lecture/talk on his trip to the space in Hong Kong last week.

Ex5: ? 这学期他给父母写了三封信
? He wrote three letters to his parents this term.

? 2. 请将票出示给售票员.( conductor).)
? Please show the ticket to the conductor.

Pattern 5 主谓宾宾补:
Summary: 主语+vt + 宾语+ 宾补
此句型共同特点:动词后只跟一个宾语不 能表达完整意思,必须加上一个补充成分, 说明宾语“是什么”、“怎么样”、“做 什么”。

S 1. We 2. They 3. They 4. What 5. We 6. I

V(及 O(宾语) 物) keep paint found makes saw saw the table the door the house him him the dog

C(宾补) clean. green. dirty. sad? out. killed.

双宾语和宾补的区别
? 双宾语—间接宾语指人,直接宾语指物 ,两者没有关系 ? 宾补—宾补补充说明宾语,两者有联系 ? He makes me a big cake.
间宾

---- ------直宾

? Her father makes him an engineer.
------

---------------宾补

Pattern 5 主谓宾宾补:

主语+vt + 宾语+ 宾补



? 1) We name our baby Tom ? 1.)S+ vt+ o+n/prop ? .

? 2) We must keep our classroom clean. ? He painted the wall white. ? 2) S+ vt+ o+ adj

? 3) She always keeps everything in good order. ? 3) S+ vt+ o+介词短语

? 4) I often help my parents to cook. ? Tom made his friends understand the purpose of doing that. ? The teach showed us how to do the experiment. ? 4) S+ vt+ o+ to do sth /do sth

? Verb+ o+ to do sth ? advise, allow, ask, decide, encourage, expect, force, invite, order, persuade, teach, tell, want, warn,…(advise sb to do sth ) ? Verb+ o+ do sth(使役动词) ? let, make, hear, notice, see, watch (let sb do sth)

? 5) The family had their house painted. ? 5) S+ vt+ o+ 分词 (doing/done)

宾语与补充成分之间是主动关系时,用现在分 词;

宾语与补充成分之间是被动关系时,用过去分 词。

? ?? ? ? ? ?

Have sth done 让某事被做 Hear sb. doing 听见某人正在做某事 Hear sth done 听见某事被做 See sb doing 看见某人正在干某事 See sth done 看见某事被做 Find sb. do/find sth. done

I heard the girl singing in the classroom.
People found the water polluted.

She found the man lying in bed, dead.
I often hear this song sung in the street. We saw the thief caught by the police.

什么成分可作宾补?

? ? ? ? ?

1.)S+ vt+ o+n/prop 2) S+ vt+ o+ adj 3) S+ vt+ o+介词短语 4) S+ vt+ o+ to do sth /do sth 5) S+ vt+ o+ doing/done

Translation
? 她把自己的小猫唤作Kitty。 ? She calls her little cat Kitty.
? 有些音乐让人开心。 ? Some music makes people happy ? 警察警告他不要回家 ? The police warned him not to go home.

? I can make your dream come true. ? 我能让你的梦想成真
? 这个小男孩总是把自己的袜子扔在床底下 ? The little boy always puts his socks under the bed. ? 我想去修自行车。 ? I want to have my bike repaired.

主谓:

S-Vi。

主系表:S-Vlink-P 主谓宾: S-Vt.-O 主谓双宾: S-Vt-O间宾-O直宾 主谓宾补: S-Vt-O-C


相关文章:
简单句五大基本句型结构
简单句五大基本句型结构句子是由主语、谓语动词、表语、宾语、宾语补足语等组成,依据其组合方式可 分为五种基本句型: 1.主语+谓语(不及物动词)该句型所用动词都...
简单句及五大句型
简单句五大句型 【要点归纳】 ▲▲▲ 英语句式绝大多数以 S+V(主语+谓语)结构为核心架构。英语是 SV 型语言。即以 S+V(主语+谓 一般来说,一个英语句子...
简单句的五大基本句型
简单句五大基本句型_金融/投资_经管营销_专业资料。英语句子成分构成英语句子的各个部分叫做句子成分。句子成分有主要成分和次要成分 一:英语句子中的主语:主语是...
简单句的五大基本句型
简单句五大基本句型_英语_高中教育_教育专区。句子结构句子结构分 简单句 Simple Sentences 并列句 Compound Sentences 含有一个主语(或并列主语)和一个 谓语(或...
简单句(五大基本句型)1
简单句五大基本句型 10页 免费 [免费]牛津初中英语基本句... 5页 免费如要投诉违规内容,请到百度文库投诉中心;如要提出功能问题或意见建议,请点击此处进行反馈。...
英语语法-句子结构-五大简单句
英语语法-句子结构-五大简单句_英语学习_外语学习_教育专区。句子结构-五大简单...该句型中的动词为不及物,不及物动词词义自身完全,不需要宾语补足其意义,但有...
简单句的五种基本句型讲解及练习题
简单句的五种基本句型讲解及练习题 S 十 V 主谓结构 S 十 V 十 P 主系表结构 S 十 V 十 O 主谓宾结构 S 十 V 十 O1 十 O2 主谓双宾结构 S 十...
英语简单句的五种基本句型(讲解、练习、打印版)
简单句的五种基本句型 英语句子看上去纷繁庞杂,但仔细观察不外乎五个基本句式。这五个基本句式可以演变出多种复杂的英语句子。 换言之,绝大多数英语句子都是由这...
简单句的五种基本句型
并列句 复合句(同位语从句与定语从句的区别) 简单句又可分为五大基本句型,这五个基本句式如下 S十V S十V十P S十V十O 主谓 主系表 主谓宾 主谓双宾 主谓...
更多相关标签:
简单句的五种基本句型 | 六种简单句句型 | 简单句的基本句型 | 简单句五种基本句型 | 英语六种简单句句型 | 简单句的六种基本句型 | 6种简单句句型 | 英语简单句句型 |