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2013名师指津广东高考一轮复习21-30


话题 21

话题词汇狂背

相关单词

1. scientific adj.科学的 2. technology n.技术,工艺

3. convenience n.方便
4. conclude vi.推断出;结束 5. increasingly adv.渐增地

6

. software n.软件

7. popular adj.流行,受欢迎
8. enthusiastic adj.热情的 9. isolation n.孤立;隔离 10. crazy adj.疯狂的,沉迷的

11. facebook n.脸谱网

12. advantage n.优点 13. challenge n.挑战
14. mouse n.老鼠;鼠标 15. mentally adv.精神上

16. netizen n.网民 17. physically adv.身体上

18. positive adj.积极的,肯定的
19. link vt.& n.连接,联系 20. surf v.冲浪

相关短语 1. with the development of 随着…的发展

2. draw a conclusion 得出结论
3. be to blame应该受责备 4. in addition 也,另外,此外

5. shop on the Internet 网购

6.lead to 导致,通向
7.send messages 发信息 8.apart from 除……之外,此外 9.contribute to为……作贡献或捐款;有助 10.mobile phone 手机

11. be enthusiastic about 对……热情 12. be strict with sb.对某人要求严格

13. physical products 实物 14. broaden our knowledge 开阔视野
15. be absorbed in 专注于……

16. on-line shop 网店

17. information products 信息产品
18. open 24 hours a day 24小时营业 19. be available 可以利用的

20. become addicted to 对……上瘾

相关句子
1. Some children become so addicted to the foreign snacks that they will go eating whenever possible.有些孩子对洋快餐迷恋 到了极点, 一有可能就要去吃。 2. The sites are mainly used to trade physical products, such as clothes and books. 这些网 站主要从事实物交易, 例如服装和书籍。

3. Bicycles in all sizes, colours and designs are available from stock.我方能提供各种尺 寸、颜色、样式的自行车现货。 4. Only if you put the sun there did the movements of the other planets in the sky make sense.只有当你把太阳放在中心位置 上,天空中其他行星的运动才能说得清楚。

5. Many retired people can still contribute to the society with their rich experience.许 多退休的老人还能用他们丰富的经验为社 会作贡献。 6. Tourism can enrich our knowledge and broaden our view.旅游可以让我们增长知识, 扩大视野。

语篇模块
Born in Milan, Ohio on February 11th, 1847, Thomas Edison was fond of reading and using his head, but none of his subjects were satisfying. Therefore, all the teachers thought it useless to spend time and energy on him. As a child, he showed such a strong interest in science that he set up a lab on his own, in which he could do many experiments.

Actually, he had about 2000 inventions in all his life, among which the most famous were electric light and phonograph. Thomas Edison, after devoting all his life to the study of science, passed away on October 18th, 1931.

汉语大意:托马斯· 爱迪生于1847年2月11日 出生在俄亥俄州的米兰。他喜欢阅读,动脑 筋,但他所有的功课都不令人满意。因此, 所有的老师都认为在他身上花时间和精力是 没用的。孩提时,他对科学非常感兴趣,建 成了自己的实验室来做很多实验。实际上, 他一生中有大约2000种发明,其中最著名的 是电灯和留声机。托马斯· 爱迪生,这位把一 生都献给了科学研究的人,于1931年10月18 日去世。

话题 22

话题词汇狂背

相关单词

1. area n.地区 2. history n.历史
3. culture n.文化 4. population n.人口

5. natural adj.自然的

6. resource n.资源 7. enable v.使……能够

8. witness v.见证 9. significant adj.意义重大的
10. long adj.长久的;悠久的

11. locate v.置于……位置 12. contribution n. 贡献

13. wonder n. 奇观
14. hard-working adj.勤劳的 15. motherland n.祖国

16. wisdom n.智慧
17. brave adj.勇敢的 18. official adj.官方的

19. consist vi.由……组成,构成 20. benefit v.得益

相关短语
1. consist of 由……组成

2. be located in 位于
3. as well as 也 4. with a long history 拥有悠久的历史

5. with an area of...拥有……面积

6. with a population of 拥有……人口
7. enable...to...使……能够……

8. be linked to...与……有关系; 与…有关联
9. have much in common 有很多共同之处 10. benefit from...从……中得益

11. feel proud of 对……感到骄傲

12. make contributions to...为…作贡献
13. be rich in 在……方面丰富 14. try one’s utmost 尽某人最大努力

15. make up 占,构成

16. be in possession of...占有;拥有
17. arm...with...用……武装 18. live in harmony 和谐生活

19. thanks to 多亏;由于
20. take place 发生

相关句子 1. The Chinese nation consists of 56
nationalities, among which the Han

Ethnic Group is the largest, making
up 94% of the people.中国有56个民

族, 其中汉族人最多,占94%。

2. China is a country with a long history and a large population.中国是一个有着 悠久历史和众多人口的国家。 3. The two countries have much in common.这两个国家有很多相同之处。

4. China is located in the east of Asia, with an area of 9, 600, 000 square kilometers. 中 国位于亚洲的东部, 有960万平方公里的土 地。 5. Our country is rich in culture as well as natural resources. 我们国家不只是物产丰 富,文化也很丰富。

6. We should try our utmost to make great contributions to the development of our motherland. 我们应该尽最大努力为祖国的 发展作贡献。 7. Thanks to the government’s efforts, all the people are living in harmony. 多亏了政 府的努力, 所有人都和谐相处。

8.Both Australia and New Zealand benefit

from wool industry.澳大利亚和新西兰都得 益于羊毛业。
9.We feel proud of our country’s significant

progress.我们为国家的重大进步感到骄傲。

10. Great changes have taken place in

China since the People’s Republic of
China was founded.自从中华人民共和

国成立以来, 中国发生了巨大的变化。

语篇模块
My motherland, China, whose capital is Beijing, is a great country with a long history and rich culture. It is located in the east of Asia, with an area of 9, 600, 000 square kilometers and a population of 1.3 billion, consisting of 56 nationalities, among which the Han Ethnic Group is the largest, making up 94% of the people.

话题 23

话题词汇狂背

相关单词

1. option n.选择

2. mobility n.机动性 3. incompetent adj.无能力的
4. individual n.个人 5. earth n.地球

6. environment n.环境

7. develop vt.开发 8. protect vt.保护
9. pollute vt.污染 10. recycle vt.回收利用,再利用

11. dustbin n.垃圾箱
12. citizen n.公民,居民,市民 13. material n.原料;材料

14. guide n.指导;导游
15. carriage n.运输工具; 客车

16. receiver n.接受者; 接收器
17. impression n.印象 18. private adj.私人的 n.士兵

19. swift adj.快的adv.快速地
20. sight n.景观,眼界 v.看见

相关短语 1. further study 进修
2. keep one’s word/promise 遵守承诺 3. set/achieve a goal 树立(实现) 目标

4. have an appointment with sb. 和某
人约会?

5. feel like doing 喜欢做

6. satisfy/meet one’s desires满足愿望? 7. would like to do 愿意;想做

8. be well prepared for sth. 为……作好
充分准备?

9. struggle for...为……奋斗
10. ask for permission 请求许可

11. make an attempt 尝试……

12. dream of/about doing 梦想做?
13. aim to do 旨在……

14. desire/hope/wish/want to do希望
做;想做?

15. be likely to do 可能做

16. be eager/anxious/ambitious to do渴望做

17. make a plan 制定计划
18. take up...as the future career从事……作

为未来职业?
19. be about to do 即将做 20. have high expectation on sb. 对……有很 高的期望

相关句子
1. In order to prepare for my college life, I will manage my own life during the summer holiday. What’s more, I will make a lot of good friends and adapt myself to the new environment. 为了大学生活做准备, 我会在暑假学 习自理。此外, 我会交很多朋友来适 应新的环境。?

2. To some extent, I do understand parents concerns, but I hope they will give us the freedom and chance to chase our dreams and learn by trial and error. 在某种程度上, 我的确理解父母的担忧, 但希望他们能给我们自由和空间来追求 自己的梦想,并在考验和失败中学习。 ?

3. Since I realize the importance of a good plan, I have made greater progress in learning English through the combination of hard work and planning. 我意识到规划的重要性, 因 此通过勤奋和规划, 我在英语学习中取 得更大的进步。

4. Earth Hour, an annual international event, is held with the aim of raising people’s awareness of the environmental protection and the climate change. “地球 一小时”这一全球一年一度举行的活动, 目的是为了提高人们对环保和气候变化的 意识。?

5. If I am offered the opportunity, I’ll not only teach them knowledge but also the methods to learn English well. 如果 我得到这机会, 我不仅会教他们知识, 还 有学好英语的方法。?
6. Chance favors only the prepared mind. 机遇只垂青有准备的人。

语篇模块
Low-carbon life is good for everyone. To help with the environment, I always walk or ride a bike to school instead of taking a car. Besides, I will try to use things that can be recycled and I never forget to turn off the lights when I leave the classroom. I think it’s my duty to live a low-carbon life.

And even the simplest activities can make a real difference to the environment. So I suggest we should reuse books as long as possible. If everyone does something for the environment, I believe the earth will be a better place.

汉语大意:低碳生活对大家都有好处。 为了帮助环境,我总是步行或骑车上学, 而不坐汽车。而且,我尽量使用可回收的 物品。我离开教室从来不会忘记关灯。我 认为过低碳生活是我的职责。甚至最简单 的行动对环境都有很大的影响。因此我建 议我们尽可能重新利用书本。如果人人都 为环境做点事情,我相信地球会更好。

话题 24

话题词汇狂背

相关单词

1. accurate adj.正确的;精确的 2. rewarding adj.有回报的

3. acquire vt.取得;获得;学到
4. appointment n.约会;任命 5. journalist n.记者

6. concentrate vt.集中;聚集
7. case n.事实;事例;案件 8. fundamental adj.基本的

9. course n.路线;方向;过程
10. inform vt.告知;告诉

11. update vt.更新 12. eager adj.热心的;热切的 13. edition n.版;版本

14. gifted adj.有天资的;有天赋的
15. intention n.意图;目的

16. meanwhile n.& adv.其时;其间 17. normal adj. 正常的;正规的

18. occupation n.工作;占领
19. journalism n.新闻业 20. commit vt.致力于;从事

相关短语

1. concentrate on 全神贯注于
2. inform sb of 告知某人某事 3. so as to 为了(做)

4. get sth straight 把……弄清楚
5. have a nose for 对……非常敏感

6. take a photograph 拍照

7. keep up with 跟上
8. ahead of time 提前 9. last of all 最后

10. be eager to do 渴望做

11. current affairs 时事

12. get absorbed in 专心于
13. set to work 开始工作 14. cover/go on a story 去采访

15. depend on 依靠;取决于

16. tell the truth 说出真相
17. look forward to 期待 18. make an appointment 约会

19. work experience 工作经验
20. arrange an interview 安排采访

相关句子
1. Being a journalist, you need to keep up with the current affairs and be devoted to writing.作为一个记者, 你需要紧跟时事, 并 致力于写作。 2. Whether you can become a successful journalist depends on whether you work hard enough.你是否能成为一名成功的记 者取决于你是否足够努力。

3. As a journalist, he has a nose for news.作 为一名记者, 他对新闻非常敏感。 4. The key to becoming a journalist is work experience, perseverance and creative thinking. 成为一名记者的关键是经验、坚 持和创造性的思维。

5. If you are committed to the journalism field, you are bound to become a successful journalist. 如果你致力于新闻行业, 你一定 能成为一名出色的记者。

6. It was the first time for him to cover a story by himself, which made him so excited. 这是他第一次独自去采访, 这令他非常激动。

7. Of all the factors contributing to a good journalist, hard work is the most fundamental one.在所有使你成为一名好 记者的因素中, 努力是最基本的因素。 8. It’s reported that the number of the people suffering from the flood is still rising.据报道, 遭受水灾的人数还在上升。

9. To get things straight, you need to get
more details and get the interviewee to

tell you the truth.为了把事情弄清楚, 你
需要得到更多的细节信息, 让被采访人

告诉你真相。

语篇模块
To be a journalist is my dream. However, I know the key to becoming a journalist is work experience, which is why I am working for the school paper now. Now and then I will be sent to cover the stories happening in the campus, because they think I have a nose for news.

To write a good story, not only should I interview many people, but also I should take many photographs, which is really a demanding job. Hard as it is, I find the job fun and rewarding. I’ll keep going, for I believe becoming a journalist is a job I’ll enjoy for the rest of my life.

汉语大意:当记者是我的梦想。然而,我知 道,成为记者的关键是工作经验。这就是我为什 么现在在校报工作的原因。偶尔我会被判去采访 发生在校园里的故事。因为他们认为我善于发现 新闻。要写一个好故事,我不但要采访很多人, 而且要拍很多照片,这真是要求很高的工作。尽 管很辛苦,我认为这个工作是有趣而值得的。我 要继续前进,因为我相信当记者是我余生喜欢的 工作。

话题 25

话题词汇狂背

相关单词 1. aid vt.& n.帮助,救助,支援
2. injury n.伤害;损害

3. treatment n.对待;治疗
4. hospital n.医院 5. fever n.& vi.发热;发烧

6. cough vi.& n.咳嗽 7. choke vt.使窒息;哽住 8. ambulance n.救护车

9. cold n.& adj.感冒;冷的 10. temperature n.体温;温度

11. uncomfortable adj.不舒服
12. headache n.头痛 13. operation n.手术

14. disease n.疾病
15. flu n.流感

16. breathe vi.呼吸
17. medical adj.医疗的 18. symptom n.症状,征候,征兆

19. poison n.毒药; 毒害; vt.毒害; 放毒

相关短语

1. fall ill 生病 2. keep healthy 健身 3. take the medicine 吃药

4. catch a cold 感冒
5. pay attention to 注意

6. have an operation 动手术 7. protect...from 保护……免于
8. do regular exercise 经常锻炼

9. mildly swollen 轻微的红肿 10. medical care 医疗护理

11. stop the bleeding 止血

12. suffer from 患上;遭遇
13. come to oneself 苏醒 14. first aid 急救 15. balanced diet 平衡的饮食

16.in hospital 住 院

17.a mouth-to-mouth way 人工呼吸
18.take care 注意;当心 19.mental and physical health 身心健康

20.get injured 受伤

相关句子 1. Dopamine plays a crucial role in our mental and physical health. 多巴胺对我 们的身心健康发挥着至关重要的作用。 2. He is scheduled to have an operation this afternoon.预定今天下午为他施行 手术。

3. Free medical care for women is provided in Tibet and other regions.为保障少数民族 妇女的健康, 国家对西藏等地区的妇女普遍 实行免费医疗。 4. Mouth-to-mouth rescue breathing is surely the quickest way to get oxygen into her lungs and save her life. 人工呼吸无疑是 使氧气进入她的肺部并挽救她性命的最快速 的办法。

5. She was advised to take the medicine every four hours.有人劝说她应该每四 小时服一回药。 6. The nurse applied some ointment to the cut to stop the bleeding. 护士在伤口 上搽了些药膏来止血。

7. Bird flu can also cause sudden death.禽流感还会导致突然死亡。

8. A balanced diet will give you lots of energy!平衡的饮食将使你充满 能量!

9.You’ll catch a cold if you don’t put on your coat.如果你不穿上外套, 你 会感冒的。 10.Why she felt ill suddenly is a mystery.为什么她突然生病是个谜。

语篇模块 On the afternoon of last Saturday, my friend and I were practising drawing by the lake in Zhongshan Park when suddenly we heard a girl calling for help in the lake. We hurried to jump into the lake without any hesitation and pulled her out of the lake.

We made her breathe using mouth-tomouth way before she came to herself. Then she was sent to hospital and we telephoned the girl’s parents. Her parents were very thankful to us and the doctors thought highly of our first aid, which made us realize that knowing first aid is very important for everyone.

汉语大意:在上周六的下午,我和我的朋 友正在中山公园的湖边写生,这时候我们 突然听到有个女孩在湖中呼救。我们毫不 犹豫地跳入湖中把她拉出了湖面。我们用 人工呼吸使她苏醒过来。然后她被送到了 医院,我们打电话给了她父母亲。他们很 感激,医生们高度赞扬了我们的急救方法, 这使我们意识到急救对每个人是很重要的。

话题 26

话题词汇狂背

相关单词
1. art n. 艺术 2. artist n. 艺术家

3. attractive adj. 迷人的, 有吸引力的
4. inspiration n. 灵感 5. creative adj. 有创造力的

6. sculpture n. 雕刻(术);雕刻作品 7. abstract adj. 抽象的 8. permanent adj. 永久的;永恒的

9. gallery n. 画廊
10. typical adj. 典型的;有代表性的

11. valuable adj. 有价值的
12. visual adj. 视觉的 13. vivid adj. 生动的;逼真的

14. carve vt. 雕刻;刻记
15. display vt. 展示;陈列;显露

16. represent vt. 象征;体现 17. masterpiece n. 杰作 18. statue n. 塑像;雕像

19. realistic adj. 现实主义的;逼真的
20. outstanding adj. 优秀的;杰出的

相关短语 1. base on 基于

2. pass down 继承,传下来
3. appeal to(对某人)有吸引力 4. be made of由……制成

5. draw the attention of 吸引…的注意

6. came into being 形成

7. stand for 代表
8. be known as被称作…… 9. pay attention to 注意,留意

10. take the place of 取代

11. have the chance to 有做……的机会

12. a great deal 大量
13. look like 看起来 14. prefer to 更喜欢

15. be known as以……著称
16. sense of beauty 美感

17. be popular in 在……中受欢迎 18. think of 想起

19. in the long run 从长远来看
20. come into being 形成

21. on exhibition 在展示中
22. have a strong interest in 对…… 有着强烈的兴趣

相关句子
1. The art of film should base on its own nation and consult from the other styles, which promotes its growth.电影艺术的发 展就是依靠各个国家、各种流派的相互借 鉴吸收, 最终推动其成长。 2. Tom had a strong interest in painting when he was a child. 自小汤姆就对绘画有 着强烈的兴趣。

3. The art of Chinese folk papercutting with a history of more than 1, 000 years is known all over the world. 我国的民间剪纸 艺术超过1, 000多年的历史, 闻名全世界。 4. In my opinion, we teenagers should pass down our traditional art, such as Beijing Opera.在我看来, 我们青少年应该把我们的 传统艺术传递下去, 如京剧艺术。

5. There are over 300 artworks from all over Europe on exhibition in the museum.来自欧洲各国的300余件艺术 品在这家博物馆展示。
6. The picture hanging on the wall looks like the work of Van Gogh.挂在 墙上的那幅画看起来像凡· 高的作品。

7. The works of Picasso are popular in the world.毕加索的作品在世界各地都受欢迎。
8. It is important to cultivate children’s

sense of beauty and awaken their artistic feeling.培养孩子的美感和唤醒他们对艺术 的感受是重要的。

9. The popularity of drama drew the attention of many people here. 戏剧的流行引起了这儿很多人的 注意。

语篇模块
Beijing Opera, with a history of more than 200 years, is very popular in China. During the Qing dynasty, the emperor had a strong interest in local operas. In the late 18th century, to celebrate the emperor’s 80th birthday, local opera troupes from different parts of China came to Beijing to perform for him. Four famous troupes from Anhui Province remained in Beijing after the celebration and gradually a new type came into being, known as Beijing Opera.

汉语大意:京剧在中国很受欢迎,历史悠 久,有200多年的历史。在清朝,当时的皇 帝对地方剧有兴趣了。18世纪末,为庆祝 皇帝80岁生日,各地方剧团来京演出。4个 来自安徽的剧团在庆典后留在北京。一种 新剧种慢慢形成了,被称为京剧。

话题 27

话题词汇狂背

相关单词

1. poetry n.诗(总称);诗意
2. novel n. (长篇)小说 3. novelist n.小说家

4. adapt vt.改编;编写
5. adaptation n.改编本

6. writing n.写作;书写

7. literature n.文学 8. character n.角色;人物
9. fiction n. (虚构)小说 10. playwright n.剧作家

11. classic adj.经典的n.名著
12. literary adj.文学的;从事文学的 13. essay n.论说文;散文;小品文

14. influence n.影响
15. drama n.戏;剧本;戏剧

16. beneficial adj.有益的
17. prize n.奖品 18. award vt.授予 n.奖品

19. background n.出身背景
20. original adj.原创的n.原作

相关短语 1. be enthusiastic about 对…充满热情

2. be made up of 由……构成
3. turn to sb. for help 向某人求助 4. be faced with 面对

5. be beneficial to 对……有益

6. enrich one’s life 丰富……的生活
7. bring sb. happiness 给……带来愉悦 8. give up 放弃

9. adapt from 根据……改编 10. the key to success 成功的关键

11. have an influence on 对……有影响 12. overcome difficulty 克服困难

13. appeal to 吸引
14. make contributions to 为……作贡献 15. go through many difficulties 经历许多 困难

16. be faced with 面对,面临 17. take a positive attitude 采取积极心态 18. win the Nobel Prize in literature 赢得 诺贝尔文学奖

相关句子
1. There was a time when he was very absorbed in a book called the Adventures of Robinson Crusoe.曾有一度他聚精会神地在 看一本叫《鲁宾逊漂流记》的书。

2. Those who make contributions to the development of the literature is admirable.那 些对文学的发展作出贡献的人是令人钦佩的。

3. Reading is beneficial to us a lot. 阅读 令我们受益良多。

4. Many writers went through many difficulties before they were successful. 许多作家获得成功前都经历了很多困难。

5.I will turn to my teachers for help when I can not understand what the poems try to tell us.当我弄不懂诗里面的含意时, 我会向老师 求助。 6.Whenever she is faced with difficulties in writing, she won’t give up easily.无论什么时 候她面对写作中的困难, 她都不会轻易放弃。

7. Good literature works bring people happiness.好的文学作品给人们带来愉悦。

8. Jack won the top place in the Composition Contest last week.杰克在上星期的作文比赛 中获得第一名。

9. We should take a positive attitude towards the problems of writing.我们 应采取积极态度面对写作问题。 10. Doris Lessing won the Nobel Prize in literature at the age of 88.多丽丝· 莱 辛在88岁时获得诺贝尔文学奖。

语篇模块
Good books are not only beneficial to the character development but to the personal growth of the young people. To me, the book named Journey to the West has a great influence on my life. The Monkey King had a bitter experience when helping his master overcome a great many difficulties in order to get good results.

I am not afraid of failure after I read the book, but taking a positive attitude towards it. Whenever I am faced with great difficulties, I won’t give up easily.

汉语大意:良书不但对年轻人的性格 发展有益,而且对个人成长也有益。对我 而言,那本名叫《西游记》的书对我的一 生有着巨大的影响。美猴王为了帮助唐僧 完成西天取经任务而克服许多困难,经历 了艰辛的历程。读了这本书后,我不再害 怕失败,而以积极的态度对待失败。不管 我面临多大困难,我都不轻易放弃。

话题 28

话题词汇狂背

相关单词

1. fitness n.健康
2. stress vt.& n. (施加)压力(于) 3. obesity n.肥胖

4. adolescent adj.& n.青少年(的)
5. ban vt.& n.禁止

6. tough adj.困难的;强硬的

7. quit vt.停止;离开
8. strong adj.强壮的 9. strengthen vt.& vi.加强

10. relax vt.放松

11. relaxation n.放松 12. weak adj.虚弱的
13. smoke vt.& n.吸烟 14. smoker n.吸烟者

15. health n.健康

16. healthy adj.健康的 17. effect n.影响
18. sleep vi.& n.睡眠 19. post vt.张贴

20. attention n.注意,关注

相关短语 1. be addicted to 对……上瘾 2. be accustomed to 习惯于

3. because of 由于
4. get into a bad habit 染上坏习惯 5. more than 超过;多于

6. take the risk of doing sth.冒险做某事 7. are exposed to 暴露于 8. build up one’s body 增强体质 9. be beneficial to 对……有益

10. focus on 集中

11. make a survey on 就……进行调查
12. carry out 实施,执行 13. arouse one’s awareness 唤醒意识

14. have an influence/effect on 对…有影响
15. less than 少于

16. pay attention to 注意,留意
17. do harm to 对……有害

18. aim to 旨在,目的在于
19. according to the survey根据这项调查 20. study deep into the night 学习到深夜

相关句子
1. There is a disturbingly high number of teenagers who are addicted to cigarettes. 青少年染上烟瘾的数量多得令人担忧。
2. She is accustomed to going to bed and getting up early.她习惯于早睡早起。

3. Recently we have made a survey on students’ health.最近我们就学 生的健康进行了调查。 4. It’s advisable that we brush our teeth before going to bed.我们睡前 刷牙是可取的。

5. He feels sleepy in classes because he studies deep into the night. 因为熬夜学习, 课堂上他觉得昏昏欲睡。
6. In order to arouse his father’s attention of health, Li Ming reminded him of the bad effect of smoking.为了唤醒他父亲对 健康的意识, 李明提醒他吸烟的害处。

7. According to the survey, the number of the smoking people is tremendous.根 据这项调查, 吸烟的人的数量是惊人的。
8. This activity aims to promote the understanding between parents and children.这项活动的主要目的是增进 父母与孩子间的理解。

9.Not having exercised for a long time, he ran slowly in the sports meeting.由于很长时间没有进行体育 锻炼了, 他在校运会上跑得很慢。

10. Less than 20% of the students in our class like cycling to school.我们班 少于20%的学生喜欢骑车去上学。

语篇模块
The Chinese government has decided that smoking be banned in indoor public places all over the country. This decision, which will be carried out from January 1st, 2011, aims to bring a complete smoke-? free indoor environment.

In order to achieve this goal, no-smoking signs will be put up in all indoor public places. Statistics show that China has approximately 350, 000, 000 smokers, among whom 75% are men and 25% are women. Around 540, 000, 000 people are affected by second-hand smoke, causing 100, 000 deaths a year.

汉语大意:中国政府已经决定在全国各 地一些室内公共场合实行禁烟,这个决 定将在2011年1月1日起实施,目的是带 来一个无烟的室内环境。为了达到这个 目的,禁烟标志将贴在所有室内公共场 所。统计表明中国大约有3.5亿吸烟者, 其中75%是男性, 25%是女性.大约有5.4 亿人受到二手烟的影响,每年导致10万 人死亡。

话题 29

话题词汇狂背

相关单词

1. plastic n.& adj.塑料(的)
2. measure n.措施

3. threaten vt.威胁
4. low-carbon adj.低碳(的) 5. energy n.能源

6. waste vt.& n.废弃物;浪费

7. pollute vt.污染
8. polluted adj.受污染的 9. pollution n.污染 10. lifestyle n.生活方式

11. reusable adj.可重复使用的
12. existence n.生存 13. renewable adj.可再生的

14. environment n.环境 15. ecological adj.生态的

16. environmental adj.环境的

17. environmentally-friendly adj.环保的
18. transportation n.运输(工具);交通 19. recyclable adj.可回收利用的;可再

循环的

相关短语

1. run out 用完 2. result in 导致 3. go up 上升 4. attitude to 对……的态度 5. a majority of 大多数

6. private cars 私家车

7. the limited amount of 有限数量的
8. take measures 采取措施 9. public transportation 公共交通工具

10. as much...as 尽可能多的

11. instead of 而不是 12. be reluctant to 不情愿…… 13. adjust to 适应

14. in one’s opinion 在某人看来
15. pay no attention to 不注意

16. ecological balance 生态平衡

17. turn off 关掉
18. enhance the awareness of 提高…意识 19. save energy 节约能源

20. electrical appliances 电器

相关句子
1. It is high time for us to take measures to prevent the earth form getting warm.该是我 们采取措施来阻止全球变暖的时候了。 2. Last week a survey concerning environmental protection was carried out in our class.上星期, 我们班开展了环保调查。

3. Public transportation has already been

well developed in most urban areas of China.
公共交通在大多数中国城市已经很发达。 4. It is necessary for us to protect our

environment.对我们来说, 保护环境是必要的。

5. Some people pay no attention to the environment that they live in.有 些人对于他们居住的环境毫不在意。 6. It is our obligation to keep our environment clean.保持环境整洁是 我们的职责。

7. It’s important to recycle the things that can be recyclable.回收利用可再循 环的东西是很重要的。 8. The students formed the good habit of picking up the litter that they saw in the school.学生养成了在校园里拾起他 们见到的垃圾的好习惯。

9. It is a shame that students leave the water running without turning off the tap after washing. 洗潄完毕后没关龙 头而让水流个不停的学生是可耻的。

语篇模块
Last week a survey concerning low-carbon life was carried out among 300 students in our school. When asked about their attitude to this lifestyle, a majority of 83% show support. In a bid to preserve the limited amount of resources, they take measures such as going to school by public transportation, saving as much water and electricity as possible in daily life, and using environmentally-friendly recyclable bags instead of plastic ones for shopping.

Yet the remaining 17% seem rather indifferent and reluctant to adjust their current lifestyle to cut carbon emission. In their opinion, the effort of an individual is just too small to count. However, when these single efforts accumulate into a collective force, it will be significant enough for real improvements, so I hope more people can live a low-carbon life to protect the earth.

汉语大意:上星期,我们学校在300多位学生中做 了一项关于低碳生活的调查。当被问及他们对这个生活 方式的态度时,约有83%的学生表示支持。为了保护有 限的资源,他们采取很多措施,如上学乘坐公共交通工 具、在日常生活中尽可能节约大量水电,和使用对环境 无害、可复用或可回收的环保袋,而不是用塑料袋去购 物。然而剩下的17%的学生认为无所谓,不想刻意改变 自己的生活方式去减少碳的排放。他们认为,一个人的 努力微不足道。但是当这些单一的努力积累成一个集体 的力量,它将会对真正的改进有足够的意义, 为了保 护地球,所以我希望有更多的人能过上低碳生活。

话题 30

话题词汇狂背

相关单词

1. anger n.怒,愤怒 2. anxiety n.担忧,焦虑 3. fear n.害怕,恐惧,担忧 4. stress n.压力,紧张 5. pride n.自豪,骄傲

6. shame n.遗憾的事,羞愧

7. passion n.激情,热情,酷爱
8. fright vt.惊恐,恐吓 9. embarrass vt.使窘迫,使尴尬 10. admire vt.钦佩,赞赏,羡慕

11. tense adj.紧张的
12. optimistic adj.乐观的 13. positive adj.积极的,明确的

14. negative adj.负面的,消极的
15. annoyed adj.烦闷的

16. determined adj.坚决的

17. enthusiastic adj.热情的 18. sorrowful adj.悲伤的
19. discouraged adj.沮丧的 20. anxious adj.焦急的,忧虑的

相关短语

1. be pleased with 对……满意

2. be delighted to do 高兴地做
3. be confident of 对……有信心 4. be proud of 对……感到自豪

5. get along/on with 和……相处

6. mean no harm 没有恶意

7. lose heart 灰心,泄气
8. share...with sb.与某人分享…… 9. be sorry for 对……感到难过、歉疚

10. look forward to sth./doing sth.盼望

11. in return(for sth.)作为(……的)回报

12. in the long term 从长期看来
13. that is to say 也就是说

14. be disappointed with sb 对…感到失望
15. turn one’s back to 背对着, 不理睬

16. put oneself in sb’s position 设身处地 17. be angry with sb. about sth.因某事生 某人的气 18. be worried about/worry about担忧

19. in a satisfying/satisfactory way 以一种
令人满意的方式

20. feel/be upset/nervous 感到/不安/紧张

相关句子
1. Mr. Brake embarrasses me with the difficult question I can’t answer.布雷克 先生的问题我不能回答, 使我很窘。
2. We had an anxious couple of weeks waiting for the test results. 我们度过了 几周焦急等待考试结果的日子。

3. Only if we put ourselves in each other’s position can we have a better understanding of each other’s feeling. 我们只有站在彼此的立场, 才能更好地 了解彼此的感受。

4. When we have to live in the changeable society, we might not cope with difficulties without determination and a strong will.当 我们不得不生活在这多变的社会中时, 如果 没有决心和坚强的意志, 我们不知如何面对 困难。

5. One of the reasons, I believe, is that you might be too shy to talk confidently with your classmates. 我认为, 其中一个 原因是你可能太害羞以至于不敢自信地 和同学谈话。

6. Whatever we do, we take it for granted that we can overcome all the difficulties in our life in a happy mood.无论我们做什么, 我们认为我们理所当然能快乐地克服生活 中的所有困难。 7. Above all, we should spare no effort to control our temper and solve the problem calmly.首要的是, 我们要能尽量控制住自 己的脾气并平心静气地解决问题。

语篇模块
Once I had a similar experience. I finished my junior middle school in a boarding school. At the age of 13, I never dealt with the daily things, such as washing clothes, taking care of money etc. I felt lonely because I hardly knew any people. At first, I could not get on well with my classmates and I always looked forward to going on holiday to meet my parents. I could not concentrate on my subjects.

As time went by, I gradually adapted myself to the school life. I made several friends with our classmates and often took part in the activities, in which I improved my communicating skills. As I had a lot of interesting things to do, I finally enjoyed my school life. Now, whenever I think of my first boarding school life, I think it instructive and unforgettable.

汉语大意:我曾经有一个类似的经历。我在一所寄宿学 校读完初中。在13岁的时候,我从不处理一些日常生活 的事情,例如洗衣服,理财等等。我觉得孤独,因为我 几乎不认识任何人。首先,我不能跟同学相处得很好, 我总是盼望着放假去见我的父母。我不能集中精力在我 的学习上。随着时间的流逝,我渐渐地适应学校的生活。 我和班里的几个同学交上了朋友,而且经常参加一些提 高交流技能的活动。由于我有很多有趣的事情做,所以 我最后喜欢上了我的学校生活。现在,无论任何时候, 我一想起我的第一所寄宿学校,我认为它是有教育意义 和难以忘记的。


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