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2011届高考英语语法考前复习课件-介词连词


三、介词、连词

1.(2009· 辽宁,30)It just isn’t fair;

D

I was

working as a waiter last month,my friends

were lying on the beach.?
A.whenever C

.for 解析 B.though D.while? 句意为:这真不公平。上个月当我在做服

务员的时候,我的朋友们正躺在沙滩上。表示

“与此同时”用while,引导时间状语从句。

2.(2009· 辽宁,32)Children need friends A their own age to play with.? A.of 解析 这 是“be of+抽象名词”结构的延伸用法。 B.for C.in D.at? 句意为:孩子们需要与同龄的孩子一起玩

耍。表示“同龄的”用(be) of one’s own age。

3.(2009· 山东,32)—Shall we have our picnic
tomorrow?? D —it doesn’t rain.?

A.Until
解析

B.While

C.Once

D.If?

句意为:——明天我们去野餐吗?——只

要不下雨(就去)。

4.(2009· 江苏,30)This special school accepts all disabled students, and background.? B educational level

A.according to
C.in addition to 解析

B.regardless of?
D.in terms of?

according to根据;regardless of不

管,不顾;in addition to除……之外(还);
in terms of从……的观点,从……的角度。本 题选B项。句意为:这所特教学校接收所有的残 疾学生,不管他的受教育水平和背景如何。

5.(2009· 湖南,22)Most Americans would prefer to keep their problems

themselves,and solve the problems
themselves.? A.to;by B.by;to

C.for;to
答案 解析 A?

D.in;on?

句意为:大多数的美国人愿意把难题留给

自己,并自行解决。表示“把……留给自己”用 keep...to...;表示“独立地,独自地”用by

oneself。

6.(2009· 湖南,34)

A

the police thought he

was the most likely one,since they had no exact proof about it,they could not arrest him. A.Although C.If only B.As long as D.As soon as?

解析

句意为:尽管警察认为他最有可能,但是

由于没有确切的证据,他们不能逮捕他。表示让 步用although;as long as表示条件,意为“只 要”;if only表示条件,意为“要是……就好 了”;as soon as表示时间,意为“一……就……”。

7. (2009· 宁夏,34)Everybody was touched A words after they heard her moving B.without story.? A.beyond

C.of
?解析

D.in
句意为:当他们听说了她的感人故事后都

感动得说不出话来。beyond words无话可说,不 知该如何表达,为固定词组。

8.(2009· 重庆,21)Try on this red skirt;you will look great A.on 解析 C B.by it .? C.in D.for?

句意为:试试这条红裙子,你穿肯定很漂

亮。如选A,应改为:The skirt looks great on

you.。by在……旁边;for为了,均不合题意。

9.(2009· 重庆,27)Peter was so excited visit Chongqing.? A.where B.that

D

he received an invitation from his friend to

C.why
解析

D.when?
句意为:当彼得收到他朋友去重庆参观的

邀请的时候,他非常兴奋。本题易错选that。但 由句意知并不是“如此……以致”之意。where 表

地点,why表原因,均不合句意,故选D。

10.(2009· 湖北,29)You’d sound a lot more polite if you make a request

B

a question.

A.in search of
C.in need of

B.in the form of?
D.in the direction of?

解析 in search of寻找;in the form of 以……的形式;in need of需要;in the direction of朝……的方向。句意为:如果你以 问题的形式提出要求的话,听起来会有礼貌得多。

11.(2009· 山东,33)It saves time in the kitchen to have things you use a lot C easy reach.

? A.near
C.within

B.upon
D.around?

解析

句意为:在厨房里把你常用的东西放在随

手可及的地方,那样会节省时间的。within easy reach随手可及,在附近。

12.(2009· 四川,12)Owen wouldn’t eat anything A.until C he cooked it himself.? B.since

C.unless
解析

D.while?

句意为:欧文不会吃任何东西,除非是他

自己做的。A项意为“直到”;B项意为
“从……以 来”;C项意为“除非”,引导条件状语从句;D 项 意为“当……的时候”。

13.(2009· 上海,32)You can’t borrow books from the school library student card.? A you get your

A.before
C.while 解析

B.if
D.as?

句意为:在你得到学生证之前不能从学校

图书馆借书。if是否,假如;while在……同 时;as当……时候,均不合题意。

14.(2009· 四川,6)A great person is always putting others’ interests B his own.?

A.below
C.in

B.above
D.on

? 解析

句意为:一个伟大的人总是把别人的利益

臵于自己的利益之上。A项意为“在……下面; 低 于,劣于”;B项意为“在……上面;高于,优 于”;C项意为“在……里面,在……方面”;D 项

15.(2009· 陕西,13)My parents don’t mind

what job I do
A.even though C.as long as 解析

C

I am happy. ?
B.as soon as? D.as though?

A项意为“即使”;B项意为“一……

就……”;C项意为“只要”;D项意为“似乎, 好 像”。句意为:只要我快乐我父母不介意我做


么工作。

介词的分类?

1.按结构分?
定义: 是由 一个 单词 构成 的介 ? 词。 普通介词(如:at,by,for,in,over,to, up等)

简 介 单 ? 词 介 词

合成介词(如:onto,into,within,
without) 分词介词(如:concerning, considering, including等)?

双重介词:是由两个简单的介词重叠使用而构 成的 (如:from behind,from among)?

短语介词:两个或两个以上的词所组成的短语
介 词 构成的,一般来说,这个短语的最后一个词是 简单介词。? (如:in case of,according to,out of,because of,by means of, in spite of,instead of)? 注意 介词与某些动词、名词或形容词常常有 比较固定的搭配。如:belong to属于;love for

对……的爱;full of充满……。?

2.按意义分? 表示时间的介词:at,on,in,

after,for,since,by,till,?until,during?
表示地点、位置的介词: in,at,round,around,beyond,on,? 介 词

beneath,over,under,above,below,up,down,
before,behind,between,among? 表示方向、方位的介词:to,in,for,at? 表示空间运动的介词: along,across,through,over,up,?

down,from,to,into,out of?

表示工具、方法和手段的介词: with,by,in,through,on? 表示原因的介词:because of,owing to,due to(一般不位于句首),on account

介 词

of,at,for,from,with,of,without,?
besides,except,except for,but,apart from (意思较广)? 表示让步的介词:in spite of,despite,after all,for all,with all

常考连词一览表? 并列(联合)

and,both...and...,neither...nor..., not only...but also...,as well as

并 转折(对比) but,while,yet,however,whereas, nevertheless 列 连 so,for 因果 词 选择 or,or else,otherwise,either... or...,rather than(而不,也不)

时间连词

从 ? 属 ? 连 ? 词

状 ? 语 ? 从 ? 句

after,as,before,once, since,till,until,when,w hile,as soon as,whenever,the moment,the first time where,wherever as,as if,as though considering (that),now (that),because,since, as,seeing that

地点连词 方式连词 原因连词

结果连词

so that,so...that,such ...that,in such a way that,with the result that

目的连词 从 ? 属 ? 连 ? 词 状 ? 语 ? 从 ? 句

条件连词

so that,in order that,in case (that),lest (that),for fear that if,unless,as (so) long as,on condition (that),supposing (that),provided/provi ding (that)

让步连词

比较连词

though,although,eve n if/even though,no matter...,however,wh atever,while as,than,as...as...,not so...as

连词与分词的应用错误? The flowers his friend gave him will die unless every day.? A.watered C.water B.watering? D.to water

本题是对英语中省略问题的考查。这类问题 在英语高考试卷中经常出现,是考生经常出错的问 题。本题的完整形式为:...unless(they are) watered every day。they are(指the flowersare)被省

略了,故本题的答案为A项。
【解题探究】 A。在省略问题中,有这样的一类问 题:当从句的主语与主句的主语一致,并且 从句的谓语动词中有be动词时,从句中的主语和be

动词可以同时省略。请参看下面的例句:

If you go to Xi’an,you will find the palaces there more magnificent than (they are) commonly supposed.? 如果你去西安的话,你会发现那里的宫殿比它们通

常被认为的更加壮观。
with复合结构的误用 with复合结构实际上可以表示为“with+宾语+宾 语补足语”结构,这个宾语补足语可以由名词、形 容词、副词、介词短语、动词不定式、分词等充当。

另外,考生还要了解with复合结构在句中可以充当
原因状语、伴随状语、条件状语、定语等。

(2008· 福建,34) You have no idea how she
finished the relay race so much.? A.for C.with B.when D.while her foot wounded

考生易因分析不清结构而选错答案。分析题干 可知,句中的“her foot wounded so much”并不是 一个句子,排除A、B、D项中的连词,故选项C为

本题的正确答案。

【解题探究】

C。with复合结构是一个在高考中常

考的知识点,它的构成为“with+宾语+宾语补足语”,

其中的with介词,其宾语补足语采用何种形式要由它
与宾语之间的关系决定。根据语法知识可知,动词

wound是一个及物动词,常用于被动语态结构,with
是一个介词,后不能接句子,故本题只能选C项。

wounded为过去分词,表示被动的含义。

单项填空搭配型?
搭配型试题主要考查考生对英语中固定搭配的 识记和运用,主要包括动词、名词、介词等的固定 搭配。在备考过程中要注意对英语习语、短语特别 是动词短语进行归纳、比较。做题时,考生一方面 要揣测命题人的意图,分析句子的结构,正确理解 句子的意思;另一方面要明白常用习语的多种不同 的意思,并且能区别相似习语的意义,从而选出正

确答案。?

介词
(1)介词与名词:answer to,key to,the reason for,the cause of,advice on,lack of,a picture of? (2)介词与形容词:be afraid of,be active

in,be tired of,be bored with,be prepared for,be
suitable for,be familiar to/with,be free from? ( 3)介词与动词搭配:talk

about,prevent...from,belong to,get over,depend
on,object to,refer to,look forward to,make up for,devote to?

动词 (1)动词+介词:deal with处理;turn to求助

于;look at看;act on照……行事;respond to
对……作出回应? (2)动词+副词:carry out执行;give in让步; hand out分发;see off给……送行? (3)动词+副词+介词:put up with忍受;live up to不辜负;hold on to坚持;do away with废除; get along with与……相处;think highly of对…… 评价很高?

(4)动词+名词+介词:shake hands with 与……握手;make friends with与……交朋友; make fun of取笑;catch sight of看到;lose interest in对……失去兴趣 (5)动词+介词+名词:arrive at a conclusion 得出结论;come to one’s help前来帮助某人; come into effect生效? 形容词、副词 (1)(be)+形容词/-ed+介词:? be strict with对……要求严格;be fond of喜欢; be proud of为……感到自豪;be covered with 被……覆盖;be packed with挤满……;be lined with排列着……?

(2)形容词+副词:? right away立即?

(3)副词+and+副词:?
up and down上上下下地;back and forth前前 后后地? 名词 (1)名词+名词:? bookshop;women teachers? (2)名词+介词:kind of?

(3)名词+介词/and+名词:?
arm in arm手挽着手;day after day日复一日; year by year一年又一年;day and night夜以继日; face to face面对面? 做这类题时,应注意以下几个方面:? 1.明确习惯用语或固定搭配的准确意义;? 2.运用合理的方法,兼顾相关信息;? 3.对于词语辨析题要对语境、语法结构、词语搭

配、词语意义和上下文进行全盘考虑。其方法为?

分析比较法
对所给试题的语法知识和语境进行比较分析,弄 清楚题干的真正意思,然后联系上下文,进行结构分 析并作出正确判断。? (2008· 江苏,23)— Is Peter there??



B you.?

,please.I’ll see if I can find him for
B.Hold on

A.Hold up

C.Hold out
解析 符

D.Hold off

hold on意为“不要挂断,请等一会儿”,

合句意,其余选项均不是打电话时的用语。

对号入座法?

将自己掌握的词组意思与题干及选项之间的关
系对照分析,然后将各个选项直接代入空格处检查, 从而选出正确答案。? After studying in a medical college for five years,Jane A.set out C.took up C her job as a doctor in B.took over? D.set up? the countryside.?

解析

考查动词短语辨析。take up为“从事,

做……”的意思。

排除法 根据某些固定句型或词组的搭配要求进行正确 选择,再根据题干内容,将那些明显不符合语境和 逻辑的选项排除,最后就可以根据语境,找到能够 讲得通的正确选项。? (2008· 江苏,28) —Why do you suggest we

buy a new machine? —Because the old one has been damaged B . ? A.beyond reach B.beyond repair? C.beyond control D.beyond description ? 解析 A项意为“无法到达”;B项意为“无法修 理”;C项意为“无法控制”;D项意为“无法描 述”。 由句意可知,B项正确。

1. (2009· 济南二次统考)It’s a mistake to

think of Florida only
attractions.? A.in addition to C.in terms of ? 解析

C

its tourist

B.by way of? D.by means of

in addition to除了,此外;by way

of/by means of通过……方式;in terms of
就……而言。句意为:认为佛罗里达只在旅游方 面有吸引力是错误的。

2.(2009· 潍坊二次质量检测)

A

having

some money does add to our sense of happiness,having too much money does not.

? A.While
C.As 解析 钱

B.When
D.Until

该题考查连词。while此处是连词,引导让

步状语从句,意为“尽管”。句意为:尽管有些

能够增加我们的幸福感,但是太多的钱却不能给
我们带来幸福。

3.(2009· 潍坊二次质检)— Where shall we go to spend the weekend? — Nowhere D ,anywhere you like.?

A.in all
C.in case ? 解析

B.in general?
D.in particular

该题考查介词短语。句意为:——我们到

什么地方去过周末?——没有什么特别的地方, 你喜欢的地方就行。in all总共;in general总 的来说,一般来说;in case以防,万一;in particular尤其,特别。

4.(2009· 潍坊一次质检)Many adults agree that teenagers shouldn’t live alone have their parents’ permission.? A.if B.unless B they

C.in case

D.now that

? 解析 句意为:许多大人一致认为除非有父母的 允许,否则青少年不允许单独居住。unless除

非;in case万一;now that既然,由于。

5.(2009· 潍坊一次质检)Equal treatment for all is guaranteed in this area, C race,

religion or sex.?
A.in need of C.regardless of B.in spite of? D.in terms of

? 解析

该题考查介词短语。句意为:不分种族、

宗教或性别,在这个地区人人都享有平等的待遇。 regardless of不管,不顾。

6.(2009· 青岛二次质检)Unable to work at a
steady job center. ? A.at the cost of C.in case of ? 解析 B.as a result of? D.at the risk of B a terminal illness,he decided to volunteer at the local children

考查词组辨析。句意为:由于患有一种不

治之症,他无法有一个稳定的工作,于是他决定

去当地的儿童中心做义工。at the cost of表示
“以……为代价”;as a result of表示“由 于……”;in case of表示“要是……”;at the

risk of表示“冒着……的危险”。根据句意,


7. (2009· 青岛二次质检 )

A

he lives in a

large flat and owns much money,he doesn’t seem as happy as before.? A.While C.Unless ? 解析 B.Whether D.Before

考查连词。句意为:尽管他住在大公寓

里,还有很多钱,但他好像不像以前那样快乐了。 while此外表示“尽管”,所以这里选A项。

8.(2009· 青岛一次质检)I was halfway back to the hospital where the doctor was working

A
A.when C.until

Susan caught up with me.? B.since D.though

? 解析 该题考查连词的用法。when意为“当……


候”。

9.(2009· 日照二次调研)

C

the Web is

so popular,Chinese leaders recognize it as
an important platform for listening to the people.?

A.When
C.As

B.Though
D.While

? 解析 考查原因状语从句。句意为:因为网络如 此流行,中国领导人把它作为一个倾听民声的重 要的平台。

10.(2009· 烟台二次模拟 ) There are three persons waiting ahead of you.Please be seated A.while D your number is called.? B.after

C.since
? 解析

D.until

考查连词的用法。 until表示“直

到……”,即坐在这里等着,直到叫到你的号。
其他几项不合题意。

11.(2009· 烟台二次模拟 ) — Foreign trade has been developing very fast in Guangdong.

? —Yes.Guangdong is China’s largest
province A.in terms of C.in case of ? 解析 of 意思是“不顾,不管”;in case of意思是“万 一”;in favor of意思是“支持,赞成”。显 然只 有A符合语意:广东是中国在外贸额方面最大的 A foreign trade volume. B.in spite of? D.in favor of

考查介词短语。in terms of意思是

“从……方面来说,就……而言”;in spite

12.(2009· 济南模拟 ) As I grew up in a small

town at the foot of a mountain,the visit to the
village

A

scenes of my childhood.? B.called for D.called in?

A.called up C.called on 解析 使

call up唤起;call for需要;call on号

召;call in召集。本题题意为“……本次参观
我想起了童年的情景。”因此选A。

13.(2009· 济南模拟 ) — How long do you think it will be

D

China sends another

manned spaceship? —Perhaps two or three years.?

A.when
C.that ? 解析

B.until
D.before

考查状语从句。“It will be/was+时间

+before+...”是个固定句式,意思是“多久后才 会……/多久后才……”。句意为:你认为多久后

中国才会再次发射载人飞船?其他选项不符合句
式结构要求。

14. (2009· 烟台模块检测 )

A

repeated

assurances that the product is safe,many people have stopped buying it. A.In spite of C.Because of ? 解析 B.On account of? D.As a consequence of

考查介词词组辨析。句意为:尽管不断保

证说该产品是安全的,但是很多人还是不再购买

了。所以这里选A。

15.(2009· 淄博质检 ) I didn’t quite follow him because he explained the theory is too abstract for me.? A.out of the way C.in a way ? 解析 B.on the way? D.by the way C that

考查短语辨析。in a way在本题中表示“以

某种方式”,句中的that引导定语从句,修饰way。

16.(2008· 山东命题专家原创卷(一) ) I hate to say it, B ? A.and your bike has blocked the way. B.but

C.so
?解析

D.or
考查连词的用法。句意为:我尽管不太想

说,不过您的自行车把路挡住了。but作连词时可 用于引出下文,表示吃惊、生气或不同意。从句 子的前后关系可以排除其他选项。

17.(2008· 山东命题专家原创卷(二) )— If you can make up your mind about the color,I

can start on the outside of your house. ?
— Well,right now I can’t decide whether I want white or yellow for the door,but

I’ll let you know tomorrow
A.in case C.at last

D

.

B.above all D.for sure

解析 考查介词短语辨析。for sure介词短语作 状语,表示“肯定”,符合题意。in case当

“以
防,万一”讲,above all最重要的是。

18.(2008· 山东命题专家原创卷(二)) In the past few years,my home village has changed B A.from recognition.? B.beyond

C.over
? 解析

D.with

考查介词。表示“超出,非……所能及”,

应该用beyond+n.。

19. (2008· 山东命题专家原创卷(三))

A

private cars are bringing us convenience,

they may also cause more traffic accidents
and pollution.? A.While C.If ? 解析 给 我们带来了方便,但它们也带来了更多的交通事 B.As D.Since while在此题中是连词,用于句首表示让

步,意为“尽管,虽然”。句意为:尽管私家车

故和污染。as引导让步状语从句时用倒装语序。

20.(2008· 山东命题专家原创卷(三)) — You seemed to have been impressed by the singer. ? — Well,not exactly so.It was his way of singing the singer himself that A really impressed me. A.rather than B.as well as? C.but also D.together with 解析 该题考查强调句中被强调部分之间的连接 词的用法。由语境“是他的演唱方式而不是他 (歌手本身)打动了我”可知A为正确选项;as well as,together with两项虽然结构上也对, 但不符合语境“not exactly so”。

Ⅰ.单项填空 1.(2009· 山东命题专家原创卷(七)) There’s no decision yet A.due to B when the work might start. B.as to?

C.in addition to
解析

D.owing to

考查词组。due to由于;as to至于;in

addition to除……之外;owing to因为。句意为: 至于什么时候开工还没有确定。

2.(2009· 山东命题专家原创卷(八)) It is most important to chew your food for a while,

whether vegetable or meat,
it down.? A.after B.for

C

you swallow

C.before
解析

D.until

考查状语从句。句意为:不管你的食物是

蔬菜还是肉,在咽下之前咀嚼一会儿是最重要的。 当主句谓语动词强调动作的迟缓性时只能用 before,而不用until,而且句中常有时间段状语

或时间段暗示。本题就是考查before这一用法的。

3.(2009· 山东命题专家原创卷(十)) We should try every effort to prevent violence from happening at school, more and more students would drop out of school their personal safety could not be guaranteed.? A.for;now that B.for;if? C.though;so long as D.though;if only 答案 B 解析 考查连接词。第一个空处表示原因,第二 个空处表示条件,句意为:我们必须竭尽全力阻 止校园暴力的发生,因为如果人身安全得不到保 障,就会有越来越多的学生辍学。所以第一个空 填for,第二个空填if。

4.(2009· 山东名校联考卷(一)) Doing your
homework is a sure way to improve your test scores,and this is especially true comes to classroom tests.? A.before C.when B.since D.after C it

?解析 when it comes to sth./to doing sth.是

一固定句型,意为“当涉及某事/做某事时”。

5.(2009· 山东名校联考卷(二))
accompany you.? A.For C.Before

B

you have

made up your mind to go there,I will B.Since D.While

解析 考查状语从句的引导词。since表示“既
然,因为”,通常放在句首,表示对既知事实的 陈

述,也可以表示理由;for常臵于句中,而不臵于
句首。句意为:你既然已经下定决心去那里了, 我就陪你去吧。

6.(2009· 山东名校联考卷(二)) He is too young,

and what you have said is completely
his imagination. ? A.over C.beneath 解析 B.beyond D.around

B

beyond one’s imagination,意思为“超出

某人的想像”。句意为:他还小,你所说的都超 乎

他的想像。

7.(2009· 山东名校联考卷(二)) Foreign tobacco companies have targeted young people in Taiwan D ,new research concludes.? B.for purpose A.by chance

C.in person
?解析

D.by intention

考查固定短语。by chance偶然地;by

intention故意;in person亲自,亲身;for purpose为了……目的。句意为:最新研究得出: 外国烟草公司故意把目标对准台湾的年轻人。

8. (2009· 山东名校联考卷(五)) After graduating from college,he just didn’t know what is A for him in the future.? A.in store C.in preparation B.at heart? D.within reach

?解析

考查介词短语的辨析。句意为:他大学毕

业后,不知道未来将要发生是什么。in store for (sb).储备;将要发生,就要出现,符合题意。

9.(2009· 山东名校联考卷(六)) Leading the US women’s volleyball team back to her hometown for the Beijing OlympicGames, A Lang Ping felt when she saw some familiar faces.? A.at home B.at heart C.at will D.at sight ?解析 考查短语辨析。句意为:……当郎平看到一 些熟悉的面孔时,她感觉舒服多了。 at home自 在的,不拘束的;干扰项at heart意思是“内心 里; 本质上”;at will意思是“任意,随心所欲地”; at sight意思是“一看到……就”。由题意可知, A

10.(2009· 福建质检) Was it at half past five when we were still sound asleep ? A.that C.when ? 解析 A he got up?

B.before D.after

考查句式结构。去掉was it和空格后,该

句意思和结构都很完整,由此可以判断这是一个
强调句,所以应该填that,构成强调句型。

11.(2009· 厦门模拟)Six billion people already live on ourplanet,and the number is growing D A.with C.from 220,000 every day. B.in D.by?

解析

by+数字表示“以……幅度”。

12.(2009· 北京模拟)Kang Jie,a girl who was saved at Wenchuan County,was still

concerned about others
injury.? A.in the name of C.by the name of ? 解析

D

her own

B.at the mercy of? D.regardless of

regardless of不管,不考虑;in the

name of 以……的名义;at the mercy of 由……支配(摆布);by the name of名叫。 根据题意应使用regardless of。

13.(2009· 北京海淀模拟)Our opinions on language learning differ greatly other’s in that respect.? A.at C.for ? 解析 B.by D.from differ from不同于……。 D each

14.(2009· 舟山二模)Shelly didn’t allow her
failure in the exam to discourage her. A.On the contrary C.In conclusion A , she began to work harder than before.? B.In addition? D.On the whole

? 解析

on the contrary相反地;in addition另

外;in conclusion最后,总之;on the whole总 的来说,说根据句意A为正确答案。

15.(2009· 太原五中模拟)The school was named A

the hero who gave his life for the

great cause of the people.?

A.after
C.by

B.in
D.from

? 解析

name after以……命名。

16.(2009· 东北三校联合模拟)Talking about his success,the famous scientist said,“I’ve D been lucky there are many people who have helped me.” ? A.provided that B.now that? C.so that D.in that ? 解析 本题考查连词短语辨析。表示“我非常幸 运是因为有许多帮助我的人”。provided that(providing that)假如,引导条件状语从 句;now that(since)既然,引导原因状语从 句;so that引导结果状语从句或目的状语从句 (从句中带情态动词);in that(because)因为, 引导原因状语从句。

17.(2009· 南京模拟)The job is great C
It has its disadvantages,though.? A.in case of C.in terms of ? 解析

salary.

B.as a result of? D.except for

句意为:从薪水的角度来看,这个工作

虽然有不足但很棒。in terms of从……方面来 说;in case of在……情况下;as a result of

由于……的结果;except for除了。

18.(2009· 吉林实验中学模拟)The direction

which the president would go was kept
secret A.for;over C.in;for ? 答案 C safety concern. B.from;about? D.at;as

? 解析 句意为:为了安全起见,总统的去向将保
密。in the direction为固定搭配;for表示目 的。

19.(2009· 河南开封模拟)The test was easy B the first question.? A.except C.but B.except for D.beside

? 解析

句意为:除了第一题外这次考试很容易。

第一题包括在这次考试之内,属于考试的一部

分。因此在排除与事物自身相矛盾的情况时用
except for。

20.(2009· 江苏南通模拟)The large grassland,
reaching out far away,looks extremely

beautiful
A.with C.through ? 解析

B

the blue and clean sky.?
B.against D.beyond

草地在蓝天的衬托下显得更加美丽。

against可表示“衬托,以……为背景”,符合 句 子表达的意思。

21.(2008· 武安七中月考)— What do you and Jane usually do when you have no classes? — I enjoy traveling with friends, C Jane

likes reading at home. ?
A.but C.while B.and D.though

? 解析

考查连词的用法。but表转折,and表并

列,while表对比,though表让步。从答语可看 出是把“我”和Jane的爱好作对比,故选C。

22. (2008· 临沂教学质量检查)You should take a few days C work;you are not looking at

all well.?
A.away B.from

C.off
? 解析

D.at
句意为:你应该请几天假休息一下,你

的气色不好。off的意思相当于away from 从……中离开。

23. (2008· 河南教学质量评估) but we were nearly killed.? A.Not only we lost ? C.We not only lost

B

our money,

B.Not only did we lose D.Not only we had lost

?

解析

not only...but also连接两个分句时,

如not only放在句首,句子则采用倒装。?

24.(2008· 大连模拟)This study shows that
C languages may differ,the order in which young kids learn the parts of speech appears to be the same across different languages. ?

A.since
C.while

B.so
D.but

? 解析 句意为:研究表明,虽然各种语言间存在

差异,小孩子学习说话的顺序好像在不同的语言
中是一样的。while表示两种情况的对比说明。

25.(2008· 福州模拟)There is little chance that we will succeed in changing the law. B is important that we try. ? A.But B.Nevertheless? ,it

C.Otherwise
? 解析

D.Therefore

句意为:我们不大可能改变法律,但重

要的是我们得试试。nevertheless然而,可用 逗号与句子隔开,but则不能;otherwise否 则;therefore因此。根据句意选B。

Ⅱ.阅读表达? Most people agree that the direct American personality is a virtue,but it sometimes

surprises foreigners. In many cultures,respect
for older people or those in positions of authority keeps others from expressing their true feelings. But in the US,children often argue with their parents,students may disagree with their teachers,and citizens may express opposition to the actions of the government.If

the soup has a fly in it or the meat is too tough to

chew,the diner can complain to the waiter.If the
boss makes a mistake,an employee will politely point it out.? Some straight talks about the American character must include the admission that

Americans have their faults.The extremely
competitive nature of Americans is probably their worst fault.Although sometimes it may promote

excellence by encouraging individuals and

businesses to try to do their best,the desire to
get ahead of others sometimes causes people to do things that are unkind and even dishonest. Also,Americans admire what is practical,fast, efficient,and fresh.Sometimes they fail to

understand and appreciate practices that have
greater respect for more traditional and more leisurely ways of doing things.On the other hand,

people from other cultures may dislike the
practical,challenging American lifestyle.?

Despite culture differences,most foreigners
give Americans credit for their virtues.Americans are generally viewed as friendly and energetic.Most newcomers to the US like Americans,and the feeling is usually mutual (相互的).Perhaps the greatest American virtue is a deep interest in new ideas and new

people.In a nation of immigrants,the foreigner
does not remain an outsider for long.?

1. What American virtues can we learn from the

passage?
(List three within 10 words.)?

(1)
(2) ? (3) ? 答案 friendly;adaptable;kind-hearted;direct;

curious?

2. For what purpose does the writer give us some examples in the first paragraph?(Please

answer within 10 words.)?
答案 To show the direct American personality. 3. What does the writer mainly talk about in Paragraph 2? (Please answer within 10words.) ? 答案 Americans have their faults./The extremely competitive nature of Americans.

4.Which sentence in the passage is the closest in meaning to the following one?? Most immigrants think highly of the American virtues although they are different in culture.

?
答案 Despite culture differences,most foreigners give ?Americans? credit for their virtues.

5.Translate the underlined sentence in the first

paragraph into Chinese.?

答案 在许多文化中,出于对长者或权威人士的
尊敬,人们往往不表达自己的真实感受。

Ⅲ.写作?
每个同学对紧张的学习生活都有不同的减压方 式。假设你对本校100名同学的减压方式进行了调查 (调查结果如下图所示),请你根据下图内容向你 班同学进行介绍,并结合自己的实际提出你的看法

和建议。可根据需要适当地进行发挥。?
注意:1.文章的开头已给出,不计入总词数;? 2.词数120~150;?

3.参考词汇:调查survey;图表chart;减压
relieve pressure/stress;放松get relaxed。?

Hi,everyone!I have recently made a survey among 100 students in our school about how

they relieve pressure in their daily school life.?

【参考范文】? Hi,everyone!I have recently made a survey among 100 students in our school about how they relieve pressure in their daily school life.Their ways vary from person to person.As

the chart shows,up to 29 percent of the
students choose music as their favorite way and the percentage of those turning to TV and

the Internet reaches 28 percent,while 18 percent
get out of their worries by sleeping. Surprisingly,exercise and others respectively

take up only 15 percent and 10 percent.?

Personally I prefer taking exercise to get relaxed.Exercise can lift my mood and build up my strength.Whenever I feel stressed,I will take

exercise.All the worries will disappear with the
sweat.Besides,it contributes to sound

sleep,which makes me more confident and
optimistic.To sum up,exercise is a perfect way to reduce anxiety.
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