1.先看选项。可以通过句子的完整性或句子后面的标点符号来判断该句在文章中的位置。通过阅读选项， 有可能找出跟其他选项表达完全不同意思的句子，这样就可以直接将该选项排除。 2.再看空前空后。可以通过选项中某个名词或动词跟空前或空后的一致性或者相关性来确定这两个句子之 间有一种关联性，从而选择正确的答案。 3.注意代词或定冠词。一定要注意句子中出现的人称代词或者指示代词，然后通过代词
在句子中所做的成 分我们可以推断出它指代的句子的类型。 （1）根据位置：注意空缺处在文中的位置，当空缺处在段首时，应注意此段首句之后的部分，因为文章 的每一段往往构成总分结构； 当空缺处在段中时， 则需要看空缺处前后的内容； 当空缺处在段末时， 则需要看前文的内容，因为这一句最有可能是对整段话的一个总结和概括。 （2）根据含义：在第一步粗略了解大意的基础上，再详细阅读以便明确每一个空的具体关联关系，常见 的关联关系有：顺承、转折、因果、并列、举例。最常见的就是根据代词含义，因为如果上文出现 了某个代名词或概念时，后文再次提及他，往往为了避免重复，会使用代词，只是后文对前文的一 个很好的提示，例如：后文出现了 it，那前文出现的名词一定是可数名词单数或者不可数名词或者 是一件事；后文出现了 this man，那前文一定要有一句话在说这个人的情况，后文才能用 this 这个 代词代指他；其次，根据形容词、副词确定关联关系也比较常见，形容词、副词往往表达了作者对 写作的感情色彩，这对以我们排除干扰选项十分关键，比如：上文所使用的形容词副词全是褒义词 汇，基调阳光积极，后文如果和前文是顺承关系，必然也应该用行文基调 4.注意特殊疑问词。如果选项中或空前出现特殊疑问词，一定要把这句话仔细读几遍，对于不同特殊疑问 词的回答方式是不一样的，比如对 why 的回答，后面要有 because 等表原因的词，对 when 的回答，后 面要有表时间的状语， 对 where 的回答， 后面要有表地点的名词， 对 how 的回答， 后面要有方式状语等。 5.注意一些连词。如一些表示转折的连词，but，However，yet，though，nevertheless 等，另外还有一 些表示并列关系的连词如 and，also，as well as，neither nor，either or，not only...but also， on the one hand....on the other hand 等。因为这些连词可以表现句子与句子之间的关系，通过不同 的连词我们可以推知句子与句子之间不同的关系。 2014 年 全国卷 I The jobs of the future have not yet been invented. 36 . By helping them develop classic skills that will serve them well no matter what the future holds. 1.Curiosity Your children need to be deeply curious. 37 . Ask kids, “What ingredients (配料)can we add to make these pancakes even better next time ?” and then try them out. Ingredients make the pancakes better? What could we try next time? 2. Creativity True creativity is the ability to take something existing and create something new 38 . There are a dozen different things you can do with them. Experimenting with materials to create something new can go a long way in helping them develop their creativity. 3.Personal skills Understanding how others feel can be a challenge for kids. xkb1We know what’s going on inside our own head, but what about others? Being able to read people helps kid from misreading a situation and jumping to false conclusions. 39 . “Why do you think she’ s crying?” “Can you tell how that man is feeling by looking at his face?” “If someone were to do that to you, how would you feel?” 4. Self Expression 40 there are many ways to express thoughts and ideas –music, acting, drawing,building, photography. You may find that your child is attracted by one more than another. A. Encourage kids to cook with you. B. And we can’t forget science education.
C. We can give kids chances to think about materials in new ways. D. So how can we help our kids prepare for jobs that don’t yet exist? E. Gardening is another great activity for helping kids develop this skill. F. We can do this in real life or ask questions about characters in stories. G. Being able to communicate ideas in a meaningful way is a valuable skill.
（2014 辽宁卷） Eyesight plays a very important role in our daily life. Every waking moment, the eyes are working to see the world around us. Over forty percent of Americans worry about losing eyesight, but it’s easy to include steps into our daily life to ensure healthy eyes. Here are five suggestions for a lifetime of healthy eyesight: ? Schedule yearly exams. 36 Experts advise parents to bring babies 6 to 12 months of age to the doctor for a careful check. The good news is that millions of children now can have yearly eye exams and following treatment, including eyeglasses. ? Protect against UV rays(紫外线). Long-term stay in the sun creates risk to your eyes. No matter what the season is, it’s extremely important to wear sunglasses. 37 ? Give your eyes a break. Two-thirds of Americans spend up to seven hours a day using computers or other digital products. 38 Experts recommend that people practice the 20/20/20 rule: every 20 minutes, take a 20-second break and look at something 20 feet away. ? 39 As part of a healthy diet, eat more fruits and vegetables each day. Vitamins(维生素) C and E help protect eyesight and promote eye health. ? Practice safe wear and care of contact lenses （隐形眼镜） . Many Americans use contact lenses to improve their eyesight. While some follow the medical guidance for wearing contact lenses, many are breaking the rules and putting their eyesight at risk. 40 Otherwise, you may have problems such as red eyes, pain in the eyes, or a more serious condition. A. Eat your greens. B. Eye care should begin early in life. C. They can properly protect your eyes. D. Stay in good shape by taking more vitamins. E. Parents usually don’t cane about their own eyesight. F. Always follow the doctor’s advice for appropriate wear. G. This frequent eye activity increases the risk for eye tiredness.
2014 年 课标卷 II Tips for Cooking on a Tight Schedule From my experience, there are three main reasons for why people don’t cook more often: ability, money and time. 36 Money is a topic I’ll save for another day. So today I want to give some some wisdom about how to make the most of the time you spend in the kitchen. Here are three tips for great cooking on a tight schedule: 1. Think ahead. The moments when I think cooking is a pain are when I’m already hungry and there’s nothing ready to eat. So think ahead of the coming week. When will you have time to cook? Do you have the right materials already? 37 2. Make your time worth it. When you do first time to cook a meal, make the most of it and save yourself time later on. Are you making one loaf of bread? 38 It takes around the same amount of time to make more of something. So save yourself the effort for a future meal. 3. 39 This may surprise you, but one of the best tools for making cooking worth your time is experimentation
It gives you the chance to hit upon new idea and recipes that can work well with your appetite and schedule. The more you learn and the more you try, the more ability you have to take control of your food and your schedule. Hopefully that gives a good start. 40 And don’t let a busy schedule discourage you from making some gr eat changes in the way you eat and live! A. Try new things. B. Ability is easily improved. C. Make three or four instead. D. Understand your food better. E. Cooking is a burden for many people. F. Let cooking and living simply be a joy rather than a burden. G. A little time planning ahead can save a lot of work later on.
（2014 北京卷） Evaluating Sources (来源) of health Information Making good choices about your own health requires reasonable evaluation. A key first step in bettering your evaluation ability is to look carefully at your sources of healthy information. Reasonable evaluation includes knowing where and how to find relevant information, how to separate fact from opinions, how to recognize poor reasoning, and how to analyze information and the reliability of sources. 71 Go to the original source. Media reports often simplify the results of medical research. Find out for yourself what a study really reported, and determine whether it was based on good science. Think about the type of study. 72 Watch for misleading language. Some studies will find that a behaviour “contributes to” or is “associated with” an outcome; this does not mean that a certain course must lead to a certain result. 73 Carefully read or listen to information in order to fully understand it. Use your common sense. If a report seems too good to be true, probably it is. Be especially careful of information contained in advertisements. 74 Evaluate “scientific” statements carefully, and be aware of quackery(江湖骗术). 75 Friends and family members can be a great source of ideas and inspiration, but each of us needs to find a healthy lifestyle that works for us. Developing the ability to evaluate reasonably and independently about the health problems will serve you well throughout your life. A. Make choice that are right for you. B. The goal of an ad is to sell you something. C. Be sure to work through the critical questions. D. And examine the findings of the original research. E. Distinguish between research reports and public health advice. F. Be aware that information may also be incorrectly explained by an author’s point of view. G. The following suggestions can help you sort through the health information you receive from common sources.