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第一章 冠词
冠词可以分为定冠词(the) ,不定冠词(a, an) ,和零冠词(即不用冠词,如 They’re students. students 前就 可以说用的零冠词。Water is important. 我们可以说 water 前用的零冠词。 ) 冠词的用法上可以分为:特指、独指和类指。

第1讲 冠词的特指、独指和类指
考点1. 定冠词的特指用法 定冠词的特指用法:非常明确地指出何人或何 物。 可以分为前照应特指、 后照应特指和语境特指。 I. 前照应特指 定冠词在前面,由后置修饰语来确定是何人何 物。如: This is the book you lent me yesterday. This is the boy from England. 1. _____ old lady in brown is _____ university professor. A. An; a B. An; / C. The; an D. The; a 2. I like music, but I don’t like _____ music of this film. A. a B. an C. the D. / 3. —How was _____ dinner at Mike’s house? —It was great. Mike’s mum is _____ wonderful cook. A. a; the B. the; a C. the; the D. a; an II. 后照应特指 7. 【2011 山东】Take your time—it’s just _____ short distance from here to _____ restaurant. A. /; the B. a; the C. the; a D. /; a 8. 【2006 北京】I knocked over my coffee cup. It went right over _____ keyboard. You shouldn’t put drinks near _____ computer. A. the; / B. the; a C. a; / D. a; a 9. 【2008 江西】—I am so sorry to have come late for the meeting. —It is not your fault. With _____ rush-hour traffic and _____ heavy rain, it is no wonder you were late. A. a; a B. the; the C. /; / D. /; a 考点2. 独指:指世上独一无二的事 定冠词的独指用法:世界上独一无二的事物 前, 要用定冠词。 the sun, the moon, the earth, the 如: world, the universe, etc. 10. We can see _____ sun and _____ moon in _____ picture. A. a; the; the B. the; a; the C. a; the; a D. the; the; the

冠词用在后面的名词前,和前面提到的同一名 词相照应。 (也就是第一次提到某物某人用不定冠 词,再次提到时用定冠词。冠词在后面照应。 )如: 11. It’s _____ pleasure to see _____ sun rising in _____ I bought a book yesterday. The book cost me 20 yuan. east. A. /; the; / B. a; /; / 4. This is _____ egg. _____ egg is big. C. a; the; the D. /; the; the A. a; A B. an; An C. a; The D. an; The 5. There is _____ bridge over there. _____ bridge is made of wood. A. the; The B. a; A C. the; A D. a; The III. 语境特指 不是建立在上下文的照应关系上,而是建立在 谈话双方共有的知识上。如: Open the door. Where is the book? 6. 【2011 全国 II】As he reached _____ front door, Jack saw _____ strange sight. A. the; / B. a; the C. /;a D. the; a 考点3. 类指 I. 可数名词表示类指时,有三种情况。 A horse is a domestic(???????????家养的)animal. = The horse is a domestic animal. = Horses are domestic animals. 但是这三种类指方法各有侧重: the 指的是整个类别,这个类别是可以区别于另一 个类别的 (多用于谈论发明物和科技问题)。如: The compass was invented in China, but the computer was not. 罗盘是在中国发明的,但计算机不是。 a(n )侧重于指类别中任何一个的特点。如: A cat has four legs.

猫有四条腿。 不用冠词的复数名词侧重指类别中的许多个体。 如: Children usually start walking at around one year old. 小孩儿一般一岁左右开始走路。 Do you like horses? 你喜欢马吗? (不能说 Do you like a horse?) 在类指时如何使用冠词要根据所要表达内容的具 体情况而定。 The tiger is in danger of becoming extinct. 虎有灭绝的危险。 (不能说“A tiger is in danger of becoming extinct.” 。 濒临灭绝指的是整个虎类,而不是任何一只老虎都 面临灭绝的危险。) 12. _____ are very popular with people all over the world, but do you know who was it that invented _____ telephone? A. The telephone; / B. Telephone; a C. The telephones; the D. Telephones; the 13. _____ trains are faster than _____ buses. A. /; / B. The; / C. /; the D. The; a 14. 【 2012 江 西 】 The Smiths don’t like staying at _____ hotels, but last summer they spent a few days at a very nice hotel by _____ sea. A. /; a B. the; the C. /; the D. the; a 15. _____ is known by its note, _____ is known by his talk. A. A bird; a man B. One bird; one man C. The bird; the man D. Bird; man 16. 【2011 全国 I】 It is generally accepted that _____ boy must learn to stand up and fight like _____ man. A. a; a B. a; the C. the; the D. a; / 17. In China, _____ car is becoming _____ popular means of transportation. A. the; a B. a; / C. the; the D. a; the 18. The invention of _____ wheel is a great contribution to _____ man. A. the; / B. / ; / C. a; the D. / ; the 19. 【2009 北京】The biggest whale is _____ blue whale, which grows to be about 29 meters long—the height of _____ 9-story building. A. the; the B. a; a C. a; the D. the; a II. 不可数名词泛指时不用冠词,特指时用定冠词 Water is a liquid. 水是液体。 Music is an art. 音乐是艺术。 The water in the bottle goes bad. 20. Money plays an important role in ______ material world. But expecting ______ money to give happiness may be missing the meaning of life. A. a; the B. the; / C./; / D. the; the 21. Since he has no sense of ______ humor, I’m sure he didn’t catch ______ humor in your remarks.

A. /; the

B. a; the

C. a; /

D. the; a

22. It is known to all that ______ light travels faster than ______ sound. A. /; / B. a; a C. the; the D. the; / 23. 【2010 福建】 It’s ______ good feeling for people to admire the Shanghai World Expo that gives them ______ pleasure A. /; a B. a; / C. the; a D. a; the 24. 【2008 湖南】Have you heard ______ news?The price of ______ petrol is going up again! A. the; the B. /; the C. the; / D. /; / 25. 【 2012 全 国 新 课 标 】 Sarah looked at ______ finished painting with ______ satisfaction. A. /; a B. a; the C. the; / D. the; a 26. 【2013 新课标 I】 India attained ____ independence in 1947, after _____ long struggle. A. /; a B. the; a C. an; / D. an; the 链接: 抽象名词前面不用冠词泛指时侧重于表达一 种概念。如上面题中的 attain independence, with satisfaction 表 达 的 是 “ 获 得 独 立 ” ( 答 疑 qq 329950885)这个概念,并不是强调获得哪次独立。 在可数名词中,go to school 去上学, be in hospital 在住院; go to the school 去那所学校 而 (不 一定是去上学) be in the hospital 在那家医院(不 , 一定是生病) 。我们可以看出,不管是可数名词还 是抽象名词,不用冠词时可以表示概念,用定冠词 时表示特指。 考点4. 名词有修饰语时,前面不一定都用定冠词 I like books with hard covers. 我喜欢精装书。 I like the books with hard covers. 我喜欢那些精装书。 在第一句中,books 是泛指精装书这一类书。 在第二句中,是特指,所以用定冠词。 在第一句中,with hard covers 是描绘性定语。 在第二句中,with hard covers 是限定性定语,指的 是那些书中精装的那些,而不是别的。 限制性定语:指 of 引导的定语或某些定语从 句,他们限制名词的意义,是指特定的内容,和它 相对的则是描绘型定语(这种定语只描绘,不限定 意思): 名词被限制性定语修饰时,前面用定冠词;被 描绘性定语修饰时,不用定冠词。 She cared little for social life. 她对社交生活不太感兴趣。(social 为描绘性定语) He has always been interested in classical music. 他一向喜欢古典音乐。(classical 为描绘性定语) This is the book you want. 这是你想要的那本书。 (you want 为限制性定语)

This is a book you must read. 这是一本你必须要读 的书。(you must read 为描绘性定语) 27. 【2000 全国】Most animals have little connection with ______ animals of ______ different kind unless they kill them for food. A. the; a B. /; a C. the; the D. /; the 28. 【2012 浙江】The development of industry has been ______ gradual process throughout ______ human existence from stone tools to modern technology. A. /; the B. the; a C. a; / D. a; a 29. 【 2010 浙 江 】 Many lifestyle patterns do such ______ great harm to health that they actually speed up ______ weakening of the human body. A. a; / B. /; the C. a; the D. /; / 30. 【2004 北京春】On ______ news today, there were 写作专练1. 遇到名词要考虑前面冠词是特指还是类 指(P. 错误!未定义书签。) ______ reports of heavy snow in that area. A. the; the B. the; / C. /; / D. /; the

31. As a consequence,______ fruits such as peaches and pears are in fact related, although they are different at ______ first sight. A. the; the B. /; the C. /; / D. the; /

第2讲 不定冠词 a,an 的基本用法
考点1. a, an 的选择 was ______ one-year-old boy. A. a; an B. a; a C. an; an D. an; a

用 a 还是用 an, 关键是看该单词音标中第一个 音素是元音音素还是辅音音素。 There is ______ ―u‖ in the word ―use‖. 这里用 a。因为字母 u 的读音为?????,???为辅音音素。 在 26 个字母前: 用 a 的有 14 个:b, c, d, g, j, k, p, q, t, u, v, w, y, z; 用 an 的有 12 个:a, e, i, o; f, l, m, n, s, x; h, r 。 分类记为: ① 元音字母(4 个) e, i, o :a, ② 字母读音中第一个音素为 ???(6 个) : f ????, l ????, m ????, n ????, s ????, x ????? ③ 字母读音中第一个音素为 ????(1 个) ?????? :h ④ 字母读音中第一个音素为 ???? (1 个):r ???? an honest boy an hour an honor ____ ―M‖ ______ ―N‖ ______ ―L‖ ____ ugly man ____ university student ____ European car ____ 800-word-long composition ____180-metre-long road (an) (an) (a) (a) (an) (a)

5. 【2004 浙江】The Wilsons live in ______ A-shaped house near the coast. It is ______ 17th century cottage. A. the; / B. an; the C. /; the D. an; a 考点2. a/an 有表示“每一个”之意,这时不能用 one 替换

6. The train is running fifty miles ______. A. an hour B. one hour C. the hour D. a hour 7. The new D-type trains can run at speeds of 200 to 250 kilometers ______ hour. The trip from Shanghai to Beijing only takes 10 hours now. A. a B. an C. the D. / 考点3. help, success, honor, must, wonder, failure, wonder 表示具体意义时

抽象名词前一般不用任何冠词,但表示具体意 义的“……的人或事”时是可数名词,其前用不定 冠词。如: This book is a great success. He is a success as a writer. He is a great help to me. This dictionary is a great help. 8. Mr. Smith told us that ______ gold medal his son had got was considered ______ great honor to the whole family. A. the; / B. the; a C. a; a D. a; the 9. Don’t you think it ______ surprise that a German cannot speak ______ German language? A. /; the B. a; the C. a; / D. /; the 10. 【 2007 福 建 】 —How about ______ Christmas

1. Mr. Taylor has ______ 8-year-old daughter who is ______ girl for painting – she has won two nation prizes. A. a; a B. an; the C. an; a D. the; a 2. Susan, ______ university student from Europe, teaches me ______ art in her spare time. A. an; / B. a; the C. a; / D. an; the 3. A little boy wrote ______ ―U‖ and ______ ―n‖ on the wall. A. a; an B. an; a C. an; an D. a; a 4. Now he is ______ artist. I have known him since he

evening party? —I should say it was ______ success. A. a; a B. the; a C. a; /

D. the; /

哪个星期几。此时的不定冠词相当于 one 或 a certain。 17. —Can I speak to Mr. Green? —Sorry. There isn’t ______ Mr. Smith here. A. / B. a C. the D. an 18. 【2005 山东】I know ______ John Lennon, but not ______ famous one . A. /; a B. a; the C. /; the D. the; a 19. 【2005 湖南】 I can’t remember when exactly the Robinsons left ______ city. I only remember it was ______ Monday. A. The; the B. a; the C. a; a D. the; a 考点7. 用在人名、地名等前面,相当于汉语中的“借 代”修辞手法 He is a Shakespeare in his dramatic skill. 在戏剧技巧方面他可以说是莎翁再世。 用于人名、地名、书名之前,表示所提及的人 或物与专有名词所指的人或物具有相同的性质。 20. 【2011 浙江】 Experts think that ______ recently discovered painting may be ______ Picasso. A. the; / B. a; the C. a; / D. the; a 考点8. be of an (a) age /size /height /shape /color /weight /type /price 等表示“相同的” (参看 P.错误!未定义书签。错误!未找到引 用源。 ) Those windows are of a size. 这些窗户大小相同。 =Those windows are of the same size. They are nearly of an age. 他们基本同龄。 =They are nearly of the same age. 21. These two Christmas trees are of ______size, but the one they bought yesterday is maybe twice ______size of them. A. the; the B. a; the C. a; a D. the; a

11. 【2007 浙江】I like ______ color of your skirt. It is ______ good match for your blouse. A. a; the B. a; a C. the; a D. the; the 12. 【2012 山东】Being able to afford ______ drink would be ______ comfort in those tough times. A. the; the B. a; a C. a; / D. /; a 13. ______ on-going division between English-speaking Canadians and French-speaking Canadians is ______ major concern of the country. A. The; / B. The; a C. An; the D. An; / 考点4. 用在某些物质名词或抽象名词前表示“一种、 一类、一份、一场、一阵”

如:That’s a green tea. 那是一种绿茶。 They were caught in a heavy rain. 他们淋了一场大雨。 It’s a great pleasure to have a talk with you. 14. —What would you like, sir? — ______. A. Two cups coffee B. Two cups of coffees C. Two coffees D. Two cup of coffees 考点5. 用在一些专有名词和一些本身前面要用定冠 词的名词前,表示某一方面 In four minutes he was met by an anxious Miss Cramb. 四分钟之后,焦急的克朗姆小姐向他迎来。 不定冠词用于专有名词前,表示某个时期或具 有某种特征的人或物。此时,专有名词常有前置修 饰性定语。(答疑 qq 329950885)再如: She is now a different Miss Nancy from what she was when she was my neighbor. 她现在已不是与我为邻时的那个南希小姐了。 15. 【2010 江苏】The visitors here are greatly impressed by the fact that ______ people from all walks of life are working hard for ______ new Jiangsu. A. /; a B. /;the C. the; a D. the; the 16. 【2009 安徽】We can never expect ______ bluer sky unless we create ______ less polluted world. A. a; a B. a; the C. the; a D. the; the 考点6. 用在人名或星期前,表示“某一”, 相当于 a certain


用活不定冠词 a, an(P. 错误!未定义书 签。)

不定冠词用于人名或星期几之前,表示说话者 对所谈及的人或时间把握不大,不知道到底是谁或

第3讲 定冠词 the 的基本用法
考点1. 与序数词和最高级连用 C. poor D. the poor

在表达“一年级”时,我们可以说:Grade One 或 the first grade。 可以看出:用基数词表示名称时,基数词放在 名词后面,名词前面不用冠词,且名词和基数词都 要大写;用序数词表示名称时,序数词放在名词前 面,序数词前要用冠词,序数词和名词都小写。 1. 【1999 全国】Paper money was in ______ use in China when Marco Polo visited the country in ______ thirteenth century. A. the; / B. the; the C./; the D. /; / 2. He is a student of ______. A. class First B. the class one C. Class One D. First Class 3. We were so late getting to the theatre that we missed most of ______. A. the act first B. Act One C. act first D. first act 4. He lived in ______. A. the room 105 C. the 105 of the room 考点2. B. the 105 room D. Room 105

9. The young nurse is kind to ______ ill in the hospital. A. a B. an C. / D. the 10. The living carried away the dead and the healthy helped ______. A. the ill B. the wounded C. the brave D. the rich 考点4. 与姓氏复数名词连用, 表示某某一家人, 或某 某夫妇

The Whites are chatting. 怀特一家人正在聊天. 11. ______ usually go to church every Sunday. A. The Brown B. A Brown C. Browns D. The Browns 12. 【1998 上海】—Who did you spend last weekend with? —______. A. Palmer’s B. The Palmers’ C. The Palmers D. The Palmer’s 考点5. 由两个以上的普通名词组成的专有名称,一 般要用定冠词 沙漠河流与群山,列岛海峡与海湾, 阶级党派 国家名,组织团体与机关。 (可以概括为―政党定江山‖, 也就是说表示 “政党” 和“江山”一类的前面要用“定”冠词。有点琐碎, 也可不记,仅用来参考。 ) 注意:the 与山脉名词连用; 在表示山或山峰的名 词前一般不用冠词, 如 Mount Tai 。但是在山脉的 复数之前需要加 the。如: the Alps (阿尔卑斯山) 江河海洋: Changjiang River, the Suez Canal, the the Pacific Ocean 山脉群岛:the Tianshan Mountains, the Alps, the Zhoushan Archipelago 海峡海湾:the English Channel, the Taiwan Straits 国名:the United States, the United Kingdom, the People’s Republic of China 组织:the United Nations, the Ministry of Education, the No.2 Army Medical College 建筑物:the National Gallery, the Peace Hotel, the Worker’s Gymnasium 报纸、期刊:The Washington Post, the Daily Mail 标牌:the No.10 bus 但:街道、广场、公园、车站机场、桥梁、大学等 一般不用定冠词。 (可以概括为―城市设施‖类。)


球类、棋类等运动类名词前不用冠词, 而乐器 类名称前要用定冠词。有人想了这个办法,―搞体 育的人总是衣冠不齐(没有冠词),而搞音乐的人 . 衣冠整齐(有冠词)。 . 5. —Tina,could you please play ______ piano for me while I’m singing? —With pleasure. A. a B. an C. the D. / 6. He can play almost every kind of music instrument but he is good ______. A. at the flute B. at flute C. at a flute D. at that flute 考点3. 与形容词或分词连用, 指一类人 the old the uneducated the Japanese

the poor the rich the young the wounded the injured the Chinese

有时也可表示具体的某个或某些。如: The wounded was a young boy. 7. He wrote ______ song, which turned out to be rather popular with ______ young. A. the; the B. a; / C. a; the D. the; / 8. The investigators found that more should be done for ______ in India. A. those poor B. a poor

街道:Nanjing Road, Fleet Street 广场:Tiananmen Square, Times Square 公园:Beihai Park, Hyde Park 车站、机场、桥梁:Paddington Station, Kennedy Airport, Golden Gate Bridge 大学:Qinghua University, Yale University 13. They sailed along ______ Yellow River for two weeks before they arrived ______ home. A. /; / B. the; / C. the; the D. /; the 14. 【2011 陕西】As is know to all, ______ People’s Republic of China is ______ biggest developing country in the world. A. the; / B. /; the C. the; the D. /; / 15. From the top of ______ Empire State Building, you could see up to ______ distance of 130 kilometers on a clear day. A. the; the B. /; a C. an; the D. the; a 16. 【2013 陕西】Marco Polo is said to have sailed on ______ Pacific Ocean on his way to Java in ______ thirteenth century. A. the; a B. a; / C. /; the D. the; the 考点6. 用在年代、朝代、时代名词前

over $60,000 ______ year. —Right, he will also get paid by ______ week. A. the; the B. a; the C. the; a D. a; a 考点8. hit/ strike /pull /seize /lead /catch+ sb. + by + the +部位

The stone hit him in the face. I hit Tom on the nose/shoulder/head. He struck the thief in the eyes/face. She led the cow by the nose. I seized her by the hand/hair. 22. He grabbed me ______ and pulled me onto the bus. A. a arm B. an arm C. the arm D. by the arm 23. I didn’t know why he looked angry when I patted him ______. A. on the head B. on head C. on a head D. on his head 24. A bullet hit the soldier and he was wounded in ______ leg. A. a B. one C. the D. his 25. 【2008 浙江】 ____ apple fell from the tree and hit him on ______ head. A. An; the B. The; the C. An; / D. The; / 考点9. 表示方向的词前面用定冠词, 如:on the left, in the south

the Tang Dynasty, the Spring and Autumn Period, in the 1870’s 在 19 世纪 70 年代 注意:in modern times, in the old days 17. 【2012 四川】We are said to be living in ______ Information Age, ______ time of new discoveries and great changes. A. an; the B. /; the C. /; a D. the; a 18. Scientists hope to send an expedition to Mars during ______. A. the 1990s B. the 1990 C. 1990s D. 1990’s 考点7. 用在“by + the+单位名词”结构中, 表示 “以……单位计”

26. The DMZ extends about two hundred kilometers ______. A. from east to west B. from the east to west C. from the east to the west D. from eastern to western

The apples are sold by the kilo. 这些苹果按公斤卖。 The workers are paid by the hour. 这些工人的工资是按小时计算的。 19. Apples are usually sold by ______ weight, and eggs are sometimes sold by ______ dozen. A. the; the B. /; a C. /; the D. the; a 20. —How did you pay the workers? —As a rule, they are paid ______. A. by an your B. by the hour C. by a hour D. by hours 21. 【2011 江西】—It’s said John will be in a job paying

链接: the + 比较级,用于两者(参看 P. 错误!未定 义书签。错误!未找到引用源。 ) He is the taller of the two soldiers.


掌握好名词前用 the 的各种情况(P. 错 误!未定义书签。 )


第4讲 不用冠词的情况
考点1. 季节、月份、星期、节日、假日和三餐前一 般不加冠词 A. the; the B. /; a C. the; a D. /; /

7. Mr. Black will go back to England ______. A. by air B. by a plane ①Children’s Day falls on June 1. 6 月 1 日是儿童节。 C. by trains D. at a train ②Spring comes after Winter. 冬去春来。 8. 【2008 江苏】 We went right round to the west coast 注意:1. 中国节日,如:the Mid-Autumn Festival , the Spring Festival,the Dragon Boat Festival, the Lantern Festival 等前要用冠词。 2. 如果季节、 月份、 星期和三餐有定语修饰时, 就要加冠词。 比 较 : have breakfast 与 have a light/big/heavy breakfast, on Sunday 与 on a Sunday of May。 He left the city in the autumn of 2001. (答疑 qq 329950885) 他是在 2001 年的秋天离开那座城市的。 1. I go to work very early. I don’t usually have ______ breakfast, but I always eat ______ good supper. A. /; a B. /; / C. the; / D. /; the 2. After ______ quick breakfast I hurried to ______ school. A. /; / B. a; / C. the; the D. the; / 3. I came here in ______ autumn of 2008. A. one B. a C. an D. the 4. The children all had a good time on ______ Children’s Day. A. the B. their C. a D. / by ______ sea instead of driving across ______ continent. A. the; the B. /; the C. the; / D. /; / 9. She went to ______ town on ______ foot. A. the; a B. /; / C. /; the D. the; the 考点5. 称呼语或表示头衔、职务的名词作表语、补 语或同位语时, 一般不加冠词

We elected him president of our university. Lincoln was elected President of the USA. The Vice-president was murdered. 10. He was elected ______ president of the USA. A. / B. one C. a D. the 11. Under no circumstances will there be wage control while I am ______ of the government. A. the head B. a head C. head D. that head 12. 【2011 四川】Dr. Peter Spence, ______ headmaster of the school, told us, ―______ fifth of pupils here go on to study at Oxford and Cambridge. ‖ A. /; A B. /; The C. the; The D. a; A

13. 【 2012 重 庆 】 Sam has been appointed ______ manager of the engineering department to take 考点2. 不可数名词泛指时 (参看 P. 2 考点 3.II 类指) ______ place of George. A. /; / B. the; / Water is important to our life. C. the; the D. /; the 水对于我们的生活很重要。 考点3. 球类、棋类名词前不加冠词 考点6. turn 后跟名词表示“成为”时名词前不用冠词

He likes playing football/chess. 注意, 弹奏乐器要用 the。如: He is playing the piano /the guitar. 5. He likes playing ______ piano, he doesn’t like playing ______ football. A. the; the B. the; / C. /; the D. /; / 考点4. by+名词表示交通方式时,名词前不要冠词, 名词也不用复数 by bus by bike by train by air by land (但 by turns 用复数)

He wanted to turn teacher when he was a boy. 14. His dream was to turn ______ doctor. A. / B. the C. a D. one

15. Don’t lose heart. If you lose heart, you will not ______ a successful engineer. A. turn B. learn C. have D. make 考点7. kind of/sort of 等表示种类时,后面名词前不 用冠词

by car by sea

kind (sort) of 后面常跟单数可数名词和不可数 名词(且名词前通常不用冠词) 。如: I only like this kind/sort of flower /bread. 我只喜欢这种花(面包)。 What kind /sort of poem do you like best? 你最喜欢什么样的诗?

6. 【2005 全国】 If you go by ______ train , you can have quite a comfortable journey, but make sure you get ______ fast one.

注: 在口语或非正式文体中有时也可在 kind /sort of 后接复数名词。如: What kind/sort of pictures do you like best? 你最喜 欢什么样的图画? 16. What ______ are you planning to buy? A. make(型号)of car B. make of the car C. make of a car D. make of cars 考点8. 在一些成对出现的短语中, day and night, 如: young and old 等,名词前不用冠词

C. word; word D. the word; his words 24. Swimming is ______ in summer. A. a great fun B. great fun C. great funs D. great a fun 25. ______ nice weather it is! Let’s go out for a walk, shall we? A. How B. How a C. What a D. What 26. 【2010 辽宁】 There are over 58, 000 rocky objects in ______ space, about 900 of which could fall down onto ______ earth. A. the; the B. /; the C. the; / D. a; the 27. 【2013 江西】Animals are obviously ______ lower form of life than _______ man. A. a ; / B. the ; the C. a ; the D. / ; / IV. knowledge 和 experience knowledge 一般是不可数名词, 但如果有修饰语时, 常用作可数名词单数形式,前面用不定冠词。如: English is a bridge to so much knowledge. He has a limited knowledge of French. experience 做―经验‖讲时, 是不可数名词; 做―经历‖ 讲时,是可数名词。 28. 【 1996 全 国 】 Many people agree that ______ knowledge of English is a must in ______ international trade. A. a; / B. the; an C. the; the D. /; the 29. I want an assistant with ______ knowledge of French and ______ experience of office routine. A. the; the B. a; the C. a; an D. the; an 30. Young as she is, Jane has gained ______ rich experience in ______ society. A. /; / B. a; / C. the; the D. /; the 31. 【2002 全国】Jumping out of ______ airplane at ten thousand feet is quite ______ experience. A. an; the B. /; an C. an; an D. the; the

常见的有:arm in arm, hand in hand, day after day, from door to door, from beginning to end, from morning till night 等。 She did experiment after experiment. 她做了一个又一个实验。 English learners, old and young, gather at regular time to practice their spoken English. 英语学习者,老老少少会定期聚在一起练习口语。 17. The farmers went on working, ______. A. hours after hours B. a hour after a hour C. an hour after an hour D. hour after hour 18. The students went out of the room ______. A. one by two B. one by one C. two by another D. one by the other 考点9. 常考的几类不可数名词

I. 学科名词是不可数名词 Do you study mathematics? 你学数学吗?

19. She is ______ newcomer to ______ chemistry, but she has already made some important discoveries. A. the; the B. the; / C. a; / D. a; the 20. 【2012 安徽】 Carl is studying ______ food science at college and hopes to open up ______ meat processing factory of his own one day. A. /; a B. /; the C. the; a D. the; the II. 表示疾病的名词前一般不用冠词 21. According to ______ review of 44 students, American researchers found that men and women who ate six key foods daily cut the risk of ______ heart disease by 76%. A. a; the B. the; a C. a; / D. /; a III. man 意为“人类”, word 意为“消息”,space 意为 “太空”时,其前不用冠词 22. ______ word comes that China has won the FIFA World Cup. A. / B. One C. A D. The 23. He left ______ with my secretary that he would call again in the afternoon. He said he would keep ______. A. words; his words B. word; his word

链接: as 引导的让步状语从句中, 作表语的名词不 带冠词(参看 P. 错误!未定义书签。错误!未 找到引用源。) Child as she is, she knows a lot of things. 尽管她很小,但她懂得许多事情。


掌握好名词前不用冠词的情况 (P. 错误! 未定义书签。)


第5讲 其他
考点1. 有定冠词与无定冠词的区别 because everybody was at ______ church. A. /; the B. a; / C. /; a D. the; / 4. —What new subject are you going to have in ______ second grade? —I’m going to learn ______ second foreign language. A. a; the B. the; a C. the; / D. /; a 5. 【2012 全国Ⅱ】He missed ______ gold in the high jump, but will get ______ second chance in the long jump. A. the; the B. /; a C. the; a D. a; / 6. 【2010 北京】First impressions are the most lasting. After all, you never get ______ second chance to make ______ first impression. A. a; the B. the; the C. a; a D. the; a 7. —What’s the matter with you? —I caught ______ bad cold and had to stay in ______ bed. A. a; / B. a; the C. a; a D. the; the 8. When Linda was a child, her mother always let her have ______ bed. A. the breakfast in B. the breakfast in the C. breakfast in D. breakfast in the 9. Their victory is ______, for they’ve lost too many men. A. out of question B. out of the question C. out question D. of question 10. We often play football in ______ of the school building. A. a front B. fronts C. front D. the front 11. 【2010 山东】 If we sit near ______ front of the bus, we’ll have ______ better view. A. /; the B. /; a C. the; a D. the; the 12. Shall we go to see our teacher? She is ill ______. A. in a hospital B. in the hospital C. in hospital D. in hospitals 13. He stole the money and they put him ______. A. in prison B. to prison C. at the prison D. in the prison 14. He is in ______ control of the company. I mean the company is in ______ control of him. A. the; / B. /; / C. /; the D. the; the 15. I waited until James and Johnson came. Then ______ began to study a map. A. all of them B. the three of us C. three of us D. both of us 16. 【2012 江西】 Smiths don’t like staying at ______ The hotels, but last summer they spent a few days at a very nice hotel by ______ sea. A. /; a B. the; the C. /; the D. the; a

(1) sit at table 吃饭 sit at the table 在桌旁 (2) be in charge of 负责…… be in the charge of 由……负责 (3) take place 发生 take the place of 代替 (4) in possession of 拥有 in the possession of 为……所有 (5) It is out of question. 那是毫无疑问的。 It is out of the question. 那是根本不可能的。 (6) on the whole 大体上; 一般地 as a whole 全班的; 整体的 (7) a most important meeting 一个很重要的会议 the most important meeting 最重要的会议 (8) a third time 又一次 the third time 第三次 (9) at a distance 稍远些 in the distance 在远处 (10) a number of 一些, 许多 the number of ……的数目 (11) for a moment 一会儿 for the moment 目前; 暂时 (12) in hospital/prison 住院/住监(表概念) in the hospital/prison 在医院/监狱里(表地点) (13) go to school /church 上学/做礼拜 go to the school /church 到学校/教堂去 (14) on earth 究竟 (答疑 qq 329950885) on the earth 在地球上 (15) in front of 在…… (外部的)前面 in the front of 在…… (内部的)前面 (16) two of us 我们当中的两人 the two of us 我们两人 (共计两人) (17) by sea 乘船, 从海路 by the sea 在海边 1. This book tells ______ life story of John Smith, who left ______ school and worked for a newspaper at the age of 16. A. the; the B. a; the C. the ; / D. a ; / 2. 【2004 年天津】When he left ______ college, he got a job as ______ reporter in a newspaper office. A. /; a B. /; the C. a; the D. the; the 3. Jack couldn’t remember the exact date of the earthquake, but he knew it was ______ Saturday

17. Most of the representatives think that ______ the meeting was very successful. A. on whole of B. on a whole C. on the whole D. on the whole that 考点2. 可数名词单数不能单独使用 要么前面加上冠词, 要么前面加上指示代词 或物主代词,要么用为复数。 This is pen. (错误。pen 是可数名词单数,不能 单独使用。)可改为:答疑: qq 329950885 This is a pen. This is the pen. This is his/her/my/their pen. This is that pen. These are pens. 考点3. 一些短语中 写作专练5. 其他冠词相关(P. 错误!未定义书签。) 引用源。 ) A writer and singer is present at the meeting. a knife and fork a watch and chain 链接2. a, an 的特殊位置(参看 P. 错误!未定义书 签。错误!未找到引用源。) I had never experienced so hot a day before. It was as good a gift as he had promised.

18. —Hey, Mr. Smith, you are wanted on ______ phone. —Who is calling? —______ Mr. Green. I don’t know who he is. A. /; a B. the; / C. the; a D. /; / 19. He enjoys life ______ the ―Queen Anne‖. A. on a board B. on board C. in the board D. board 20. Mrs. Taylor has ______ 8-year-old daughter who has ______ gift for painting—she has won two national prizes. A. a ; a B. an; the C. an; a D. the; a 21. —Would you mind giving your advice on how to improve our business management? —If you made ______ most of the equipment, there would be ______ rise in production. A. /; / B. the; a C. the; the D. the; / 22. Her daughter was so lovely ______ little girl that everybody in the street would smile at her at ______ first sight. A. the; a B. a; / C. the; the D. /; the 23. 【2008 山东】Students should be encouraged to use ______ Internet as ______ resource. A. /; a B. /; the C. the; the D. the; a 24. 【2007 江西】Many people have come to realize that they should go on ______ balanced diet and make ______ room in their day for exercise. A. a; / B. the; a C. the; the D./; a 25. 【2013 浙江】People develop ______ preference for a particular style of learning at ______early age and these preferences affect learning. A. a; an B. a; / C. /; the D. the; an

链接1. 两个名词表示同一事物时只在前一个用冠词 (参看 P. 错误!未定义书签。 错误!未找到


第6讲 冠词的特指、独指和类指 1. 6. 11. 16. 21 26. 31. 第7讲 不定冠词 a,an 的基本用法 1. 6. 11. 16. 21. 第8讲 定冠词 the 的基本用法 1. 6. 11. 16. 21. 26. 第9讲 不用冠词的情况 1. 6. 11. 16. 21. 26. 31. 第10讲 其他 1. 6. 11. 16. 21. C C C C B 2. 7. 12. 17. 22. A A C C B 3. 8. 13. 18. 23. B D A C D 4. 9. 14. 19. 24. B B C B A 5. 10. 15. 20. 25. C C B C A A B C A C B C 2. 7. 12. 17. 22. 27. B A A D A A 3. 8. 13. 18. 23. 28. D B D B B A 4. 9. 14. 19. 24. 29. D B A C B C 5. 10. 15. 20. 25. 30. B A D A D A C A D D B C 2. 7. 12. 17. 22. C C C D D 3. 8. 13. 18. 23. B D B A A 4. 9. 14. 19. 24. D D C C C 5. 10. 15. 20. 25. C B D B A C A C A B 2. 7. 12. 17. C B B B 3. 8. 13. 18. A B B B 4. 9. 14. 19. D B C D 5. 10. 15. 20. D B A D D D C A A A C 2. 7. 12. 17. 22. 27. C B D A A B 3. 8. 13. 18. 23. 28. B B A A B C 4. 9. 14. 19. 24. 29. D B C D C B 5. 10. 15. 20. 25. 30. D D A B C B


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