高中英语必修 3 Unit 1 Festival around the world
1.发生 take place（有计划）举行; happen(偶然); occur(正规); come about 均无被动语态 come about 指事已发生，但不知为什么，常用于疑问句和否定句中 happen to do sth 碰巧做某事 It happens + that 从句
. 碰巧?. It occurred to sb that ? 某人突然想起? The Olympic Games of 2008 ________________ in Beijing. What happened _____ him? The accident ______________three days ago. I’ll never understand how it came about that you were always late. Do you know how the air accident came about? 2.starve Vt.使饿死 Vi.挨饿 starve to death 饿死 starve for 渴望 急需 缺乏食物使很多人饿死。_______________________________________________. 因为没食物，人们在挨饿。_____________________________________________. They got lost in the desert and starved to death . 3.satisfy Vt.使满 satisfied/satisfying=satisfactory adj. satisfaction n. be satisfied with ?对?感到满意 to one’s satisfaction 令人满意的是 with satisfaction 满意地 他的工作令老板满意。 __________________________________________________. 令他满意的是，他通过了期末考试。_____________________________________. The result is __________ to him. He nodded _______________(满意地) . 4.lead the way 带路 lead sb to do sth 使某人做某事 lead a happy life lead to 通向 ；导致= result in = cause result from 由?引起 条条道路通罗马。_____________________________________________________. 有一条通向山脚的路。_________________________________________________. 这场大雨导致了水灾。_________________________________________________. 5.in memory of = in honour of 为了纪念 为了庆祝 They will build a monument(纪念碑) ____________(为纪念) the national hero. 6.trick n. 诡计 恶作剧 窍门 Vt. 哄骗 play a trick / tricks on sb 捉弄某人 欺骗某人 trick sb into doing sth 欺骗/引诱某人去做某事 It is not just a little trick you can pick up in half an hour. She tricked him into marrying her. He tricked me into making a mistake. 7.arrival n.到达 arrive in/at + 地点
on/upon one’s arrival “一到?就?” to one’s arrival 对?的到来 On his arrival in London , he was eager to see the Big Ben . On his arriving in London , he was eager to see the Big Ben. 所有的学生对刘翔的到来感到激动。_____________________________________. 8.award n.奖 奖金 Vt.授予 判定 award sb sth =award sth to sb 授予某人某物 reward n.报答 报酬 Vt.报答 报酬 rewarding adj.有益的 rewardless 徒劳的 The court(法院) awarded him 10,000 dollars damages(赔偿金) . The headmaster are awarding a prize to him . The police are offering a big reward for information about the robbery. How can I reward your kindness ? This is a rewarding book . 9.look forward to +doing sth / sth 盼望去做某事 他盼望下周去长城。___________________________________________________. 10.permit Vt.& Vi.允许 n.执照 permission n.允许 permit/allow doing sth 允许做某事 permit/allow sb to do sth 允许某人做 be allowed to do sth 被允许做某事 The students don’t permit/allow smoking . The policeman permitted/allowed him to park here . admit v. 允许（进入） ；承认 admission n.准许进入 承认 入场费 admit sb to/into +地点 允许进入某地 admit sb to be/as 承认某人是? admit doing sth/ having dong sth 承认做过某事 Jim was not ________ to the club, because he was not a member of it . He ______________________________________ (被北京大学录取)last year . She ________________ (承认拿走了) your book . 11.turn up 开大 出现 turn down 关小 拒绝 turn in 上交 turn over 打翻 移交 turn on 打开 turn off 关掉 turn out 关掉；生产 制造； 结果/证明是 Don't forget to turn out the light when you leave the classroom. How many machines did you turn out last month? Cosgrave's forecast turned out to be quite wrong. 12.apologize to sb for sth=make an apology to sb for sth 为某事向某人道歉 他因为迟到向老师道歉。 _______________________________________________. 13.forgive (forgave;forgiven) Vt.原谅 饶恕 forgive sb sth 原谅某人某事 forgive sb for doing sth 或 forgive one’s doing sth 原谅某人做某事 I forgave him his crimes . I cannot forgive myself for not seeing my mother before she died. The teacher forgave my/his/her/your/our/their/Tom’s sleeping in class .
14.hold one’s breath 屏住气 out of breath 喘不过气 breathe v.呼吸 We held our breath in excitement. 他跑得太快，气都喘不过来。___________________________________________. 15.mean to do sth 打算做某事 mean doing sth 意味做某事 mean sb to do sth 打算要某人做某事 had meant to do sth 本来打算做某事 be meant to do sth 被预定/指定/认为做某事 be meant for sth 打算做?用 打算给? What do you mean by saying that? 你?是什么意思？ He meant to find a job in Shanghai, but finally he went to Guangdong. Missing this train means waiting for one day for the next train. I mean you to work as our spokesman. I had meant to come yesterday, but I had an unexpected visitor. The gift is meant for him. He was meant for /to be an electrician(电工)。 16.have fun=have a good time=enjoy oneself 玩得高兴 过得快活 We had a lot of fun with him in the park. 17.get together 聚集 联欢 收集 lucky money 压岁钱 wish for 希望得到 奢望 at the parking lot 在停车场 be/get married to sb 与某人结婚 18.do harm / damage to?=be harmful to?对?有害 do good to?=be good for?对． ． ．有益 be good/friendly to?对?友好 别熬夜，因为它对你们的健康有害。_____________________________________ 19.believe sb/sb’s word/sth 相信 believe in 信任=trust;信仰 I believe him/his words/what he says. I believe in(=trust)him. We don’t believe in ghosts/a religion. 20.produce Vt.生产 产生 制作 n.农产品（不可数）producer 生产者 制片人 product n. 工业产品(可数) production n. 生产 产生 制作；产量；作品 It plays an important role in developing production. My bike is a home __________. The farmers brought their __________ to sell in the market. 21.keep one’s word / promise 守信用 22.set off 出发 动身=set out=start； 引起 ；点燃 使爆炸 set out to do sth = set about doing sth 着手做某事 He suggested _____________ (出发)immediately. He set off ______ home. She had stopped crying, but his shouting set him off again. Be careful, don’t set the fireworks off by mistake.
The slightest spark can set off the explosives(爆炸物) stored here. This will set off a chemical reaction. It is time for us to _________ doing our homework. 23.remind?of?使?想起?;提醒某人某事 I have forgotten his name, so please remind me of it. Thank you for your gift, and it will always remind me of you. 24.clothing 服装（总称 不可数）clothes 衣服（本身是复数）cloth 布（不可数） He spent a lot of money on clothes/clothing.(可换用) I changed a suit of clothes.(具体) They wear very little clothing(抽象). an article of clothing 一件衣物 She bought some _________ to make herself a dress. Clean the windows with a soft/table cloth.(特殊用途的布是可数的) cloths 25.make?of/from? be made of/from make?into? be made into? 句 型 语 法 1. It is obvious that+从句. 显然? It is obvious that (= Obviously) he is wrong. 2. It occurred to sb that ? 某人突然想起?
3. It happens + that 从句. 碰巧?. 我碰巧在回家的路上见到他。______________________________________ 4. on/upon + doing / 名词 “一?就?” On his arrival/arriving in London , he was eager to see the Big Ben . 一听到这个消息，他情不自禁地哭起来。__________________________________ 5. as if/though 的虚拟 (与现在事实相反用过去式，be 动词用 were) He walks as if he got hurt. He looks as if he _________ a foreigner. You look as if you ________(not)care. (与过去事实相反用 had + v 的过去分词) He talked about Rome as if he ___________(be)there before. (与将来事实相反的用 would/could/might+动词原形) He opens his mouth as if he would say something． (确有可能的不用虚拟) It looks as if it is going to rain. 6. 情态动词（略）