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appear, look, seem的区别


appear, look, seem 的区别

三者均可用作连系动词,意为“好像”、“似乎”等,区别如下:1. 从词义上看:look 指视觉印象;appear 指外表给人的印象;这两者可能是真象也可能是假象,appear 的不确定性更大一些。seem 侧重指根据 某种迹象作出的推断,也不一定是事实。2. 从句型搭配和用法上看:(1) ZE: 10.5pt; FONT-FAMILY: 'Times New Roman'">(1)三者均可后接不定式,但 look 之后一般只限于 to be (且较少见)。如:正: He seems [appears, looks] to be tired. 他好像很累了。 : 20pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.0"> 正: 他似乎去过不少地方。误:He looks to have travelled a lot.(2) look, seem 之后可接介词 like,但 appear 之后一般不能。 He looks [seems] like a fool. 他看起来像个大傻瓜。 appear 和 seem 如: (3) 不用于进行时态, look 有时可这样用。 但 如: 正:He looks [is looking] well. 他看上去气色不错。 误: He is seeming [appearing] well.(4) 三者均可用于 it 开头的句子,且三者之后均可接以 as if 或 as though 引导的从句,另外 appear 和 seem 之后还可接 that 引导的从句。如:It looks [seems, appears] as if he has lost interest in his job. 看来他对自己的工作已失去了兴趣。It seems [appears] that he is very tired. 他似乎很累了。注:后接 that 后接从句时,有时可用 so,not 代 之。 A: 如: Are they reliable? 他们可靠吗?B: seems [appears] so (not). 似乎是可靠的(不可靠)。 It 另外,比较以下同义句型:It seems [appears] that he is ill. =He seems [appears] to be ill. 他 似乎病了。


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