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新人教版必修五 Unit 2 The United Kingdom单元测试


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Unit2 The United Kingdom 单元测试
I. 单项选择 1. The United Kingdom of Great Britain _______ three main parts, England, Scotland and Wales A. is ma

de up of B. makes up C. consists of D. is consisted of 2. The Tower of London, the St Paul’s Cathedral and the Big Ben are major historical ______ of London. A. sceneries B. place C. scenes D. attractions 3. Special entrances _____ buildings should be constructed ______ the convenience of the old and disabled. A. of; for B. to; for C. into; for D. to; with 4. During the debate, opinions were roughly ______ into groups. One was for the suggestion that more money should be budgeted for the poor while ______ was against it. A. divided; the other B. separated; the other C. clarified; other D. classified; other 5. His collection of ancient pots, old uniforms of the kings and splendid wedding dresses of royal family _____ a small fortune. A. are worth B. is worthwhile C. is worth D. are worthwhile 6. To their _____, the wrongs that had been done to them were finally ______. A. surprise; made known B. disappointment; clarified C. delight; made clear D. delight; clarified 7. The little girl looked at the huge statue with a puzzled look, wondering why the color of it was not _____ with its background. A. common B. similar C. same D. consistent 8. ---What is your mother doing in the living-room? ---________the flowers in the vase. A. Picking B. Doing C. Arranging D. Making up 9. When designing a project, you should be careful enough not _____ that is important. A. to leave anything out B. to leave out anything C. to take out anything D. bring anything out 10. Since we haven’t got enough money available, ______ about sightseeing in that country. A. it is no need talking B. it is no need to talk C. there is no need talking D. there is no need to talk 11. My little brother _____ great delight _____studying ancient architecture . A. picks; in B. devotes; to C. takes; in D. enjoys; by 12. It is _____ to make another effort and try to finish the work ahead of the time _____ for it to be finished. A. worth; fixed B. worthwhile; made C. worthy; fitted D. worthwhile; set 13. President Obama and his team of administration promised to try every means possible to ______ 3,500,000 jobs and _______ the goal of recovering its economy as soon as possible. A. create; accomplish B. invent; achieve C. discover; win D. attract; finish 14. His essay on political structural reform _______ nationwide attention and there were many pros and cons from different fields.
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A. called B. attracted C. brought in D. set out 15. ---She is a credit to her family, for she has a small fortune ______ her credit. ---A credit to her family? Her father has to buy his daily necessities ______. A. on; on credit B. in; in credit C. to; on credit D. under; with credit 16. In his effort to prevent his company from _______, he worked to his limit, thus ________. A. breaking down; breaking down his health B. closing down; broke down his health C. closing down; his health broke down D. breaking down; his health breaking down 17. Unwilling to give up slavery, the South _______ from the Union and set up a state of their own, resulting in the American Civil War. A. broke away B. ran away C. escaped away D. cut away 18. No matter how clever a computer becomes, it can never _______ of humans, because it has to with artificial intelligence, which is made by us humans. A. take place B. instead of C. take the place D. substitute 19. We should express our love to our loved ones before their ears can still hear and their hearts can still _______and made happier, not after they are gone. A. be thrilled B. excite C. thrill D. be excited 20. When our personal interests are ________ those of people, we should put people’s interests before our own. A. conflicting B. in conflict with C. conflict with D. in conflict against 21. Not only do the two brothers look ______but also they walk, talk and think _______. Sometimes, it is hard to tell them apart. A. like; like B. like; likely C. alike; alike D. like; alike 22. Though I didn’t _______ the adventure into the rough countryside in the western part of the province in person, it was an enjoyable experience to listen to the adventurers’ ________ of what they had experienced. A. join; account B. attend; statement C. join in; expression D. take part in; description 23. I don’t want to have the question of what to furnish our room with _______about any more. We have to make quick decision. A. quarrelling B. to be quarreled C. quarreled D. to quarrel 24. The fax machine, _______ its attachments, cost only 100 dollars. It is really a good bargain. A. plus B. in addition to C. apart from D. besides 25. He has a habit of keeping his arms ______ when talking to others, which I personally think _____impolite to his audience. A. to be folded; it B. being folded; X C. folded; it D. folded; X II. 完形填空 When I come across a good article in reading newspapers. I often want to cut and keep it. But just as I am about to do so I find the article on the ___26___ side is as much interesting. It may be a discussion of the way to ___27___ in good health, or a ___28___ about how to behave and conduct oneself in society. If I cut the front article, the opposite one is likely to ___29___ damage, leaving out half of it or keeping the text ___30___ the title. Therefore, the scissors would ___31___ before they start, ___32___ halfway done when I find out the ___33___ result.
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Sometimes two things are to be done at the same time, both worth you___34___.You can only take up one of them, the other has to wait or be ___35___ up. But you know the future is unpredictable(不可预料) — the changed situation may not allow you to do what is left ___36___. Thus you are ___37___ in a difficult position and feel sad. How ___38___ that nice chances and brilliant ideas should gather around all at once? It may happen that your life ___39___ greatly on you preference of one choice to the other. In fact that is what ___40___ is like, we are often __41___with the two opposite sides of a thing which are both desirable like a newspaper cutting. It often occurs that our attention is drawn to one thing only ___42___ we get into another. The ___43___may be more important than the latter and give rise to a divided mind. I ___44___remember a philosopher’s remarks, “When one door shuts, another opens in life.” So a casual(不经意) ___45___ may not be a bad one. 26. A. front B. same C. either D. opposite 27 A. get B. keep C. lead D. bring 28. A. advice B. news C. theory D. report 29. A. suffer B. reduce C. prevent D. cause 30. A. on B. for C. without D. off 31. A. use B. handle C. prepare D. stay 32. A. or B. but C. so D. for 33. A. satisfying B. regretful C. surprising D. impossible 34. A. courage B. strength C. attention D. patience 35. A. given B. held C. made D. picked 36. A. near B. alone C. about D. behind 37. A. filled B. attracted C. caught D. struck 38. A. dares B. comes C. deals D. does 39. A. improves B. changes C. progresses D. goes 40. A. study B. society C. nature D. life 41. A. faced B. supplied C. connected D. fixed 42. A. before B. after C. until D. as 43. A. following B. next C. above D. former 44. A. still B. also C. once D. almost 45. A. treatment B. action C. choice D. remark III. 阅读理解 第一节:阅读下列短文,从每题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出最佳选项。 A The A-level question Have 22 continuous years of rises in A-level pass rate made the exam worthless? David Miliband, the minister for School Standards, insists the answer is a firm “no”. And he said it was wrong that “more will mean worse and more education for more people will mean lower standards”. Figures show that — despite the rise in A-grades to 21. 6 per cent — only 22,000 out of 600,000 18-year-olds gain three A-grade passes. Put another way, that means — in a primary class of 30 pupils — only one will get three A-grades. The center right Bow Group, in a pamphlet published today, however, says nine out of ten scholars believe A-grades have been devalued over the past ten years. Two inquiries (调查) — both set up by the Government’s exams watchdogs — one of which
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included independent teaching experts, refused to accept that there had been any “dumping down” of A-level standards. But while they conclude that the exam questions have not become easier, changes in examining methods have almost certainly made it easier to gain top-grade passes. As a result of the exams shake-up introduced in 2000, students sit six different types of exams to make up an A-level during the course of their two years of study. Only 20 per cent of the marks are set for the end-of-term exam. This makes it easier for teachers to help their pupils with the right answers. Mr Miliband said yesterday, “My argument is not that today’s generation of pupils are cleverer than their parents; it is that schools and teachers are getting better at getting the best out of them.” 46. From the writer’s point of view, the rise in A-grades to 21. 6 per cent shows ______. A. it is generally thought more education means lower standards B. the rise in the A-level pass rate has made the exam worthless C. the quality of the 18-year-olds has become lower D. it is still hard for the general pupils to get three A-grade passes 47. The underlined word “they” in the second paragraph refers to ______. A. the exams watchdogs B. the independent teaching experts C. the A-level standards D. the two inquiries 48. As a result of the exams shake-up introduced in 2000 ______. A. the pass rate for A-levels was set to rise continuously B. the exam became easier than it had been before 2000 C. pupils could have many more choices of test after 2000 D. it soon became popular with teachers and pupils 49. What does this passage mainly discuss? A. How reliable and effective the A-level grading system is. B. How the A-level system helps universities select pupils. C. How the pass rate has been increased in recent years. D. How the A-level grading system has changed over the years. B ◇ Share Flats Happy Valley big flat, 1 room ready for use immediately. Quiet and convenient, fully furnished, park view. $6, 800 including bills with maid. Female nonsmoker. No pet. Sara 25720836 or 10077809. ◇ Moving Sale 2 armchairs, red/brown at $400 each; coffee table, black, wood, $800; oil painting, big, $900; Tianjin carpet, green 3× $600; double bed, $500; mirror, big, square, $500; 7, fridge, big, double-door, $1000; old pictures, $140, up, each; plants, big and small. Tel: Weekend, 2521-6011/Weekday, 2524-5867. ◇ Part-time Laboratory Assistant Wanted Required by busy electronics(电子) company to help with development of computer. Should have an electronics degree and some practical experience of working in an electronics laboratory. Hours 9:30 a.m.-1:00 p.m. Mon.-Fri. Fourteen days paid leave. Salary ¥6598-10230 dependent on experience. Letter of application to: Mrs. G Chan, NOVA ELECTRONICS, 45 Gordon Rd, Hung Hom Kowloon. 50. The one who put on the first ad probably wants to _______. A. rent(租) a beautiful flat of her own in Happy Valley B. find another lady to share the cost to rent a flat
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C. share her room in a flat with whoever has no pet D. take on a maid to look after herself and the flat 51. according to the ads, you may _______. A. buy an old picture for $150 B. call at 25720836 and see a beautiful park C. buy two armchairs for $ 400 D. hire a maid by paying $6 800 52. If you want to buy some old furniture, you should_______. A. get in touch with NOVA ELECTRONICS B. call at 2524-5867 any day except Monday C. do it before you move to another place D. call at either 2524-5867 on Monday or 2521-6011 on Saturday 53. Once you can get a part-time job in NOVA ELECTRONICS, _______. A. you have to work at least 4 hours a day B. you should write a letter to Mrs. G Chan C. you will be given 14 days off each year besides weekends D. you will get no more than $6 598 each month 第二节 根据短文内容, 从短文后的选项中选出能够填入空白处的最佳选项。 选项中有两项 为多余选项 About six years ago I was eating lunch in a restaurant in New York City when a woman and a young boy sat down at the next table, I couldn’t help overhearing parts of their conversation. At one point the woman asked, “So, how have you been?” And the boy — 54____________— replied. “Frankly, I’ve been feeling a little depressed lately.” This incident stuck in my mind 55_____. As far as I can remember, my friends and I didn’t find out we were “depressed”, that is, in low spirits, until we were in high school. 56_______. Children don’t seem childlike anymore. Children speak more like adults, dress more like adults and behave more like adults than they used to. Whether this is good or bad is difficult to say, but it certainly is different. Childhood as it once was no longer exists. Why? Human development is depended not only on born biological states, but also on patterns of gaining social knowledge. Movement from one social role to another usually involves learning the secrets of the new social positions. Children have always been taught adult secrets, but slowly and in stages; traditionally, 57________. In the last 30 years, however, a secret-revelation (揭示) machine has been equipped in 98 percent of American homes. 58_____. Television passes information to all viewers alike, whether they are children or adults. Unable to resist the temptation (诱惑) , many children turn their attention from printed texts to the less challenging, more attractive moving pictures. Communication through print, as a matter of fact, allows for a great deal of control over the social information which children will gain. Children must read simple books before they can read complex materials. A. we tell sixth graders things we keep hidden from fifth graders B. who could not have been more than seven or eight years old
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C. It is called television D. Undoubtedly a change in children has increased steadily in recent years E. because it confirmed (确认) my growing belief that children are changing. F. everyone has his own secret in his heart G. some people are interested in knowing other people’s age IV. 短文改错: I ever worked as a tour guide. One day I saw advertisement in the newspaper. I rang up the company, but I was given the job immediate. They asked me to take a tour around the city next morning. The manager just told me to say anything that I could think about the city. My first tour is terrible. The old bus was not air-conditioned, because it was the middle of summer. It was uncomfortable inside the bus. The tourist soon became very hot and angry. I owned a very hard time. I stayed there for a few weeks, and then left and joined in a better company. V. 书面表达 目前地球面临水资源危机,请你根据以下提示写一篇 100 词左右的短文。 1.人们以为淡水是取之不尽的(提示:雨水、河水、井水……) 2.实际上淡水是非常紧缺的(提示:人口增加,工业用水增加,污染……) 3.人类应该怎么办? Global Shortage of Fresh Water __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ Unit two The United Kingdom I. 单项选择 1—5 CDBAC 6—10 DDCAD 11—15 CDABC 16—20 DACAB 21—25 CDCAD II. 完形填空 26-30DBDCA 31-35CABBA 36-40ACDAB 41-45CBDAC III. 阅读理解 46—49 DDCA 50—53 BADC 54—58 BEDAC IV. 短文改错: 1. saw 后加 an 2. but---and 3. immediate→immediately 4. next morning----the next morning 5. think 后 加 of 6. is→was 7. because→and 8. tourist→tourists 9. owned→had 10. 去掉 in V 书面表达
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One possible versions: Global Shortage of Fresh Water Many people believe that the world’s supply of fresh water will never be used up .They think that fresh water comes from such a variety of sources that it is always sufficient for use .Such an opinion leads to a shocking waste of water. As a matter of fact, the earth is short of fresh water. Furthermore ,with the rapid growth of the world’s population ,the rising demand for water by industry ,and the serious pollution of our surroundings ,the world is facing the danger of running out of fresh water .Actually ,in some big cities ,fresh water cannot meet the daily needs. Therefore ,to find new ways to save water is an urgent task. First ,we should pass strict laws to control any waste of water. Second ,scientists must work even harder to purify sea water and polluted water ,and try to find substitutes to reduce the use of fresh water.

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